CN101986816A - Method for cultivating potted cover persimmon tree - Google Patents

Method for cultivating potted cover persimmon tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101986816A
CN101986816A CN2009100902989A CN200910090298A CN101986816A CN 101986816 A CN101986816 A CN 101986816A CN 2009100902989 A CN2009100902989 A CN 2009100902989A CN 200910090298 A CN200910090298 A CN 200910090298A CN 101986816 A CN101986816 A CN 101986816A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
basin
tree
persimmon
potted
pruning
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Pending
Application number
CN2009100902989A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵春生
李德海
李春旺
亢庭奎
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BEIJING CITY LONGSHANGQING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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BEIJING CITY LONGSHANGQING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Application filed by BEIJING CITY LONGSHANGQING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical BEIJING CITY LONGSHANGQING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009100902989A priority Critical patent/CN101986816A/en
Publication of CN101986816A publication Critical patent/CN101986816A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating a potted cover persimmon tree. The method comprises the following steps of: taking a dateplum persimmon as a rootstock and the cover persimmons as scions, grafting, growing a seedling and heeling in a field; transplanting the cover persimmon tree into a pot when the stem of the cover persimmon tree is 3cm, preparing potted soil and pruning the root system of the tree, wherein a clay pot is preferred in the potting process; watering in time, pruning the potted tree, and strengthening the work of fertilizer water management and disease and insect control in a later period; and pruning in summer to promote flower bud differentiation, and selling on a market after the cover persimmon tree blossoms and fruits in the coming year. In the method, fruit trees in the field are dwarfed and potted into small flowerpots for cultivation, and the potted trees can beautify yards and decorate rooms and are characterized by taking up a little space, being convenient to transport, having wide application ranges and the like. The potted cover persimmon tree has the ornamental property of potted plants, can be used as a mobile orchard for picking persimmons and also has edible value.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon.
Background technology
A kind of persimmon belongs to the deciduous tree seeds, and yield positive results spring, and spire is dark green, summer is flourishing, autumn red autumnal leaves haw, winter fallen leaves, red light completely set, can obtain economic well-being of workers and staff again, be northern China some areas chief species, part can be done green tree species, can obtain favorable economic benefit again.
Potted plant a kind of persimmon, existing very long big tree cultivation history before the present invention makes.
The present invention 1-3 that needs to grow seedlings in the field goes up basin after waiting 2-3, treats list marketing after the moulding of rime fruit.Grow seedlings and adopt advanced gardening seedling-cultivating method, acceleration increases girth growth, enlarges tree crown, grows seedlings, promptly select seedling to heel in, cultivate high quality seedling, carry out pruning, go up basin behind the 2-3, during the field is heeled in, strengthen rich water quality management, shaping in winter, summer pruning, can go up potted plant training when increasing slightly to the 3cm left and right sides.
1, the cultivation time shorter, be beneficial to a large amount of development, can finish with 2-3, recruitment is few, can promote fast by large scale cultivating, can satisfy the demands of consumers.
2, utilize arbor, move in the basin and plant, can make small-sized potted plantly, in the inlet chamber, be beneficial to mobile.
Summary of the invention
Advantages such as for directly planting the slow problem of removing from mould in the engagement with seedling before overcoming, the inventor provides the method for new potted plant a kind of persimmon at present, and it is short to have the cultivation time with the potted plant a kind of persimmon of this method, and cultivation management is convenient, and go on the market soon.
Realize above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme, the cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon, and its operating procedure comprises: select that seedling, choosing sets, grown seedlings, shaping, pruning, go up basin, go up before the basin basin soil and dispose and select the anosis worm nursery stock of robust growth.
Technical scheme of the present invention is the cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon, and following feature is specifically arranged: the present invention 1-3 that needs to grow seedlings in the field, go up basin after waiting 2-3, and treat list marketing after the moulding of rime fruit.Grow seedlings and adopt advanced gardening seedling-cultivating method, acceleration increases girth growth, enlarges tree crown, grows seedlings, promptly select seedling to heel in, cultivate high quality seedling, carry out pruning, go up basin behind the 2-3, during the field is heeled in, strengthen rich water quality management, shaping in winter, summer pruning, can go up potted plant training when increasing slightly to the 3cm left and right sides.
1, the cultivation time shorter, be beneficial to a large amount of development, can finish with 2-3, recruitment is few, can promote fast by large scale cultivating, can satisfy the demands of consumers.
2, utilize arbor, move in the basin and plant, can make small-sized potted plantly, in the inlet chamber, be beneficial to mobile.
The cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon of aforesaid the present invention is specifically implemented, and whole step is as follows:
1, at the northern area of China nature temperature-15~35 ℃, relative moisture 55~75%, below the height above sea level 700m, the sunshine time annual reaches under the geographical environment more than 1650 hours, selects seedling, the used material of basin in the preparation heeling in April then after;
When 2, heeling in season of growth phase, should note the fertilizing, watering work and the extermination of disease and insect pest, to guarantee to produce strong tree;
3, bud picking, shaping, prune, draw branch;
4, heel in phase 2-3 and go up basin for dried thick about 3 centimetres;
5, play the root system pruning that tree selects the anosis worm of the strong tree of high-quality;
6, the when soil choosing of configuration basin is cultivated a layer soil, slag and river sand and is added organic fertilizer;
7, upward will dispose basin soil before the basin, and select strong the tree afterwards and hand over sufficient water in the basin of packing into;
8, upward should note rich water quality management and extermination of disease and insect pest pruning behind the basin;
9, extension gets final product list marketing later;
Heeling in nursery stock when invention is specifically implemented as mentioned above is material.
Go up basin when nursery stock length was to 3 centimetres of left and right sides when invention was specifically implemented as mentioned above.
When the present invention specifically implemented as mentioned above, matrix was that loam slag and river sand add organic fertilizer.
Beneficial effect:
1, potted plant a kind of persimmon cycle shorter, cultivate through the short time behind the last basin and just can form the high potted plant a kind of persimmon of sight, potted plant growth is beneficial to management, prunes simply, and is tree-like attractive in appearance.Get final product list marketing about 3 years, better economic benefit.
2, potted plant a kind of persimmon convenient transportation is applied widely, this potted plant can be according to consumption demand production difformity, potted plant a kind of persimmon of size.Can beautify the environment as green plants in the inlet chamber, purify air.Extensively be suitable for hotel, school, office, station, square, enterprise, afforest and beautify environment.
[description of drawings] Fig. 1 is implementation step figure of the present invention.
Embodiment
Fruit tree is potted plant to be the perfect adaptation of fruit culture and penjing art.In the room, that garden carries out a kind of persimmon is potted plant, in May, tender leaf is told green, bloom spring, arrive summer, greenery are fluffy folded, tree performance is whirling, the golden fall, fruit growing in close clusters sews full end of the branch, when winter snows waft, shaping beta pruning ridging fertilising.With its put on balcony, in the garden, before the windowsill, the gallery limit, see colored, light green, reward fruit, have a taste of a delicacy, throughout the year the four seasons interesting, make us pleasing.Grafting transplanted seedling tree or directly advance the finished product seedling, general 2~3a gets final product the result, a kind of persimmon that 4~5a gives birth to, about 15 of every strain results.
The cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon of the present invention, cultivation management technology is as follows:
1. select seedling, choosing ground, heel in:
Select the disease-free nursery stock of high-quality to heel in, carry out the field management trunk and increase slightly to the 3cm basin on (after 2~3 years) choosing tree root relief, strengthen rich water quality management, the extermination of disease and insect pest in the phase heeling in the plot of choosing in advance.
2. select basin to prepare nutrition soil before going up basin:
Select clay earthen basin commonly used for use, good because of mud basin ventilation draining, be beneficial to the new root growth maintenance facility that goes up a kind of persimmon of basin.With the high 20cm of basin, basin bore 30cm, footpath, end 20cm.There is the earthen basin of osculum to make container.The configuration of nutrition soil is with garden loam, slag or leaf mould, fertilizer.Allocation ratio: garden loam 50%, slag 30%, fertilizer 20% becomes thoroughly decomposed.
3. go up basin choosing tree
Last basin choosing tree should select the plant body to strengthen, branch is full, the healthy and strong plant of no damage by disease and insect.In the fall or go up potted plant planting spring.Last basin is ready to fill up basin, broken basin sheet, arrangement nursery stock.Also old wounded or disabled root and the long root system of trees are pruned, sick worm is pruned the back go up basin, put broken basin sheet concave surface at osculum and put into the nutrition soil that configures on a small quantity downwards.Nursery stock is put into basin, bury soil pressure in fact, hand over sufficient water to get final product.
4. rich water quality management
Fertilizing management behind the last basin, use the part quick-acting fertilizer early stage season of growth in basin, and based on N, P, K, fertilizer, every basin is executed 5~8g at every turn, with using after water-soluble the opening, is beneficial to root system and absorbs.Using once about 8 days, is that the master should select cake fertilizer, soybean cake, cotton benevolence cake, the dregs of linseeds or sesame seeds, rapeseed cake etc. for use with the fertilizer behind the result.Best with dregs of linseeds or sesame seeds nutrition, to use a basin in per 8 days and use and soak about solution 150g, a small amount of duty of applying fertilizer is executed and is beneficial to root system and absorbs.Fertilizer is beneficial to the formation of bud, can reduce the prosperous length of branch.The management of watering of potted plant a kind of persimmon should be according to different surely the water amounts of changes of seasons with weather, water once with yielding positive results the increase of watering during summer high temperature 2~3 days early spring.Should water every day in summer and guarantee the normal growth of basin tree about 1.5kg.Rainy day determines to water the water yield according to precipitation.The season of growth is noted the basin draining, causes the dead tree vigo(u)r of the not enough root system of basin oxygen weak as ponding in the basin.
5. pruning
The tree body structure, straight dry type, two kinds of tree-like basic structure does not have obvious major branch and is distributed in the different parts of full tree with the fruit bearing shoot group, and the branch group requires for a short time greatly down, and the basin that evenly distributes tree guarantees ventilation and penetrating light.Basin height of tree degree: about bough exhibition 80cm.Potted plant height: about big potted plant 2m, about branch exhibition 100cm, about little potted plant 1m.To spin the type that hangs down, branch is opened up about 60cm.
Behind the basin, note drawing an angle of release on the pruning nursery stock.The shoot season of growth in conjunction with drawing branch, lacks the branch position and carves bud, removes overstocked branch, makes tree body ventilation and penetrating light, is beneficial to flower bud differentiation, ahead of time the result.Remove overstocked branch, sick branch is adjusted branch direction and angle.Make its even distribution, finally turn out a large amount of fruit bearing shoot, and promote the purpose that flower bud differentiation reaches early bearing and views and admires.
6. flower and fruit management
(1) sprays PBO
At the beginning of mid-May~6 month, in 6 months~and at the beginning of 7 months, each sprays 150 times PBO liquid 1 time, and can play strong tree, control shoot, flower-promoting and fruit protecting, increase effects such as sugar is painted, disease-resistant.
(2) increase is viewed and admired the time
In the ripe previous moon of a kind of persimmon, spray methyl, every 2.5g adds water 15kg, and complete stool basin tree has the evenly sprinkling of fruit place.Mainly spray carpopodium place, 10 days spray one-time continuous spray twice at interval, prolongation a kind of persimmon basin is viewing period really.
7. the control of damage by disease and insect
Have the generation of damage by disease and insect when raised growth potted plant (really) a kind of persimmon, main disease has dry rot.5 degree lime sulfurs are in time deleted, smeared to trunk disease.Before rudiment, but the generation of spray 3-5 degree lime sulfur effectively preventing damage by disease and insect.The insect pest that growth mainly takes place in season has the cotton a red-spotted lizard of persimmon, trialeurodes vaporariorum etc.The season of growth spray insecticidal bactericide, main insecticide have chrysanthemum lipid agricultural chemicals, speed kill a red-spotted lizard, | aleyrodid spy, bactericide, carbendazim etc.
8. the soil removal and replacement of falling the basin increases the basin winter protection
After potted plant a kind of persimmon (really) grew in basin 2~3 years, basin soil reduced and occurs thick pad of 3cm in the basin and need the soil removal and replacement of beginning root relief, to ensure the normal growth of root system in the basin, improves root system nutrition condition in the basin, and this work should or be finished after March in the coming year in then November.The best root relief soil removal and replacement time is November then, ratio when changing basin soil ratio in last basin.Compacting is placed in and buries soil in the winter protection ditch and sit potted plant the heading west to the east of preferably of furrow and put after the soil removal and replacement, and north is done winter protection and watered sufficient water after strong and water once behind first quarter moon again and get final product, to the winter pruning of carrying out after go out basin put spring in the coming year before the rudiment.

Claims (4)

1. the cultivation method of potted plant a kind of persimmon, its operating procedure comprises: select the plot, select seedling, heel in and support tree (trunk increases slightly), heel in the cultivation of phase tree, pruning the branch of selecting and remain is strong tree vigo(u)r, select the high quality seedling of no damage by disease and insect at last, strengthen basin on rich water, the pruning root.
2. require the cultivation method of described a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon as right 1, it is characterized in that: at the northern area of China nature temperature-15~35 ℃, relative moisture 55~75%, below the height above sea level 700m, the sunshine time annual reaches under the geographical environment more than 1650 hours, select seedling to heel in April in spring and choose the plot in advance, cultivate good nursery stock, or directly go up basin with the big tree in 3-5cm field as the high-quality fruit tree seedlings of going up basin later on.
(1) heels in the phase integer: heel in the phase at seedling and advance the pruning of nursery stock, be beneficial to the formation of flower.
(2) heel in the phase: strengthen the control of its sick worm.
(3) rich water nutrition: the rich water quality management that nursery stock is being heeled in.
(4) go up basin: to doing thick lifting, basin work such as water on the root relief.
(5) upward basin management: basin soil in time carries out the fruit tree shaping pruning after selecting to go up basin, and rich water quality management is with the control of sick worm.
(6) list marketing: the potted fruit tree result of basin on the next year, just can list marketing.
3. as the cultivation method of described a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon of claim 2, it is characterized in that: dried increasing slightly goes up basin to 3-5cm.
4. the cultivation method of a kind of potted plant a kind of persimmon as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: matrix is soil, slag and sand, and ratio is that farmland on a plateau soil 50% adds slag 30% and adds the fertilizer 20% that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
CN2009100902989A 2009-08-07 2009-08-07 Method for cultivating potted cover persimmon tree Pending CN101986816A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100902989A CN101986816A (en) 2009-08-07 2009-08-07 Method for cultivating potted cover persimmon tree

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100902989A CN101986816A (en) 2009-08-07 2009-08-07 Method for cultivating potted cover persimmon tree

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN101986816A true CN101986816A (en) 2011-03-23

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102668832A (en) * 2012-01-15 2012-09-19 河南科技大学 Pot culture method for persimmons
CN103120091A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-05-29 濮阳市林业科学院 Persimmon tree quick seedling culture method
CN105210787A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-06 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 The method for stunting of a kind of potted plant purple yu-lan (Magnolia liliflora)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102668832A (en) * 2012-01-15 2012-09-19 河南科技大学 Pot culture method for persimmons
CN102668832B (en) * 2012-01-15 2014-09-17 河南科技大学 Pot culture method for persimmons
CN103120091A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-05-29 濮阳市林业科学院 Persimmon tree quick seedling culture method
CN105210787A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-06 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 The method for stunting of a kind of potted plant purple yu-lan (Magnolia liliflora)

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Application publication date: 20110323