CN104925531A - Full-automatic truck loading and brick stacking machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic truck loading and brick stacking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104925531A
CN104925531A CN201510304478.8A CN201510304478A CN104925531A CN 104925531 A CN104925531 A CN 104925531A CN 201510304478 A CN201510304478 A CN 201510304478A CN 104925531 A CN104925531 A CN 104925531A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
platform
guide rail
stacking machine
oil cylinder
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CN201510304478.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104925531B (en
Inventor
熊瑞平
党磊
唐静莹
孙飞
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四川大学
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Priority to CN201510304478.8A priority Critical patent/CN104925531B/en
Publication of CN104925531A publication Critical patent/CN104925531A/en
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Publication of CN104925531B publication Critical patent/CN104925531B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • B65G67/14Loading hardened bricks, briquettes, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/24Unloading land vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic truck loading and brick stacking machine which consists of six parts, namely a brick unloading device, a conveying device, a rod drawing device, a plate pushing device, a brick loading device and a control system, wherein the brick unloading device is used for unloading finished piled bricks on a kiln vehicle layer by layer, and conveys the finished piled bricks onto the conveying device; the conveying device is used for conveying the unloaded finished piled bricks to a baffle plate device and the rod drawing device that are perpendicular to the tail end of the conveying device; the baffle plate device exerts isolation and guiding functions; the rod drawing device can draw brick layers onto a platform of the rod drawing device, and pushes the brick layers to the brick loading device by virtue of the plate pushing device on one side of the rod drawing device; through the combination effect of the rod drawing device and the plate pushing device, gaps between the brick layers in the longitudinal direction and the transverse direction can be eliminated; and the brick loading device arranged on the other side of the rod drawing device can push the finished bricks onto a wagon truck. The brick stacking machine adopts mechanical handling to replace manual handling, so that the production efficiency is improved greatly, and the labor intensity of a worker is reduced.

Description

A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to brickmaking mechanical field, particularly a kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine finished bricks transported through kiln car after having sintered being carried to compartment or shipping platform.
Background technology
Finished bricks after having sintered, after transporting from cave dwelling through kiln car, generally need be removed and to transport to boxcar or to remove to finished bin and open field etc. to be vended.For the brick production line of general scale, mainly adopt a dead lift at present, namely by manpower, fragment of brick is removed on lorry.Such mode of operation not only inefficiency, and because of manpower transport produce expense also relatively high.Even if under the remuneration of great number, due to the severe and long heavy physical labour of working environment, be ready that the workman being engaged in this carrying work also reduces gradually.And for slightly large-scale brick production line, mainly adopt mechanical handing.Its mode of transport is roughly divided into two kinds, and a kind of is folder armful formula, and as described in patent 201220701860.4, this device is primarily of compositions such as bracing frame, transmission device and propulsions source.Make two clamp by the motion of propulsion source drive transmission device and oil cylinder, thus realize the handling process of finished bricks.Another kind of Handling device adopts pipelining mode, as as described in patent 201310547284.1, after this device successively unloads brick by de-hackers from kiln car, then by pusher, neat brick device, the finished bricks after kiln discharge is carried out horizontal and vertical gathering, via multistage delivery platform, finished bricks piling is divided into groups again, finally carried out the handling process of whole buttress fragment of brick by stacker.Handling device described in above two patents can realize the carrying of finished bricks to a certain extent, but transport the gap between rear brick and brick from cave dwelling for better eliminating piled bricks and solves the problems such as the low and continuity difference of the efficiency of brick layer handling process, in the urgent need to inventing the more rational entrucking brick stacking device of one.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of structure relatively simple, easy to operate accurately and the relatively high Full automatic loading brick stacking machine of work efficiency, be intended to utilize automation to carry replacement a dead lift, to reach the object enhancing productivity and reduce labor strength.
The present invention solves the scheme that its technical matters adopts: a kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine, by unloading brick device, and conveyer, pull rod device, push plate device, six major part composition such as upper brick device and control system; Finished product piled bricks for successively unloading the finished product piled bricks on kiln car, and is transported on conveyer by the described brick device that unloads; Described conveyer is used for the brick layer after by unloading and is sent to the damper gear and pull rod device arranged with conveyer ending vertical, and described damper gear plays isolation and directional tagging; Brick layer can be pulled on this apparatus platform by described pull rod device, and by means of the push plate device of pull rod device side, brick layer is pushed to upper brick device, can eliminate brick layer gap in machine and transverse direction by the compound action of pull rod device and push plate device; Brick layer can push on boxcar by the upper brick device that pull rod device opposite side is arranged.
The described brick device that unloads is primarily of compositions such as lifting mechanism, traveling gear, rotating mechanism, gripping body and fixed supporting frames, described gripping body adopts lever gripping mode, this mechanism is primarily of compositions such as slender axles, small-sized gripping oil cylinder, dividing plate, outer end lever and gripping plates, when its piston rod movement of small-sized oil cylinder pushing on gripping body, drive slender axles are stretched out, under the effect of outer end lever, another root slender axles counter motion adjacent with these slender axles, thus drive the gripping plate be fixed on two slender axles mutually to draw close and gripping fragment of brick.
The belt conveyor of described conveyer is flight conveyor, and adopt intermittent drive, conveyer end is provided with baffle mechanism; Described baffle mechanism is primarily of compositions such as front end automatic damper, rear end fixed dam, baffle plate frame and small-sized telescopic oil cylinders; Described front end automatic damper is connected with small-sized telescopic oil cylinder piston rod by hawser, and under the effect of control system, telescopic oil cylinder piston rod is flexible drives front end automatic damper lifting, and described rear end fixed dam is fixedly mounted in the groove of baffle plate frame; This baffle mechanism is used for separating brick layer on the one hand, is drawn to deliver to hold in brick platform process on the other hand play the guiding role and can prevent fragment of brick from dropping to ground simultaneously in brick layer.
Described pull rod device primarily of crossbeam, hold brick platform, pull the composition such as oil cylinder, arm-tie; The described oil cylinder hang cylinder barrel seat that pulls is fixed on cross rail inner, and described arm-tie is connected with the piston rod pulling oil cylinder; Brick layer on conveyer can be pulled to pull rod device by the motion pulling cylinder piston rod to hold on brick platform, and eliminate brick layer in gap in the vertical.
Described push plate device is primarily of push pedal, composition such as implementation oil cylinder and floor stand etc., described implementation oil cylinder is arranged on floor stand midway location, under control system effect, carry out that cylinder piston rod is flexible can be promoted push pedal and travel forward or move backward, thus brick layer can be pushed on upper brick platform, and eliminate brick layer gap in the horizontal.
Described upper brick device is primarily of compositions such as upper brick platform, transverse conveying mechanism, longitudinal translating device associated, platform supports frame, lifting support rails; Brick layer on upper brick platform can be transported on lorry by described transverse conveying mechanism and longitudinal translating device associated, and on transverse conveying mechanism unidirectional baffle plate effect under, brick layer is pushed on lorry.
Described upper brick platform minor face bilateral symmetry is welded with small-sized guide rail, small-sized guide rail is provided with block, upper brick platform can be embedded in the guide rail of transverse conveying mechanism.
Described transverse conveying mechanism is drawer type conveying mechanism, and adopt two-stage telescopic guide, i.e. I level guide rail and II level guide rail, can be transported to top position, boxcar by upper brick platform by this transverse conveying mechanism; The roller installed in described I level guide-track groove and block can make the small-sized guide rail on brick platform be embedded in motion in this I level guide rail; Described II level guide rail bottom side is also provided with roller, rectangle cap head groove is also had on the upside of this II level guide rail, the straight pin on I level guide rail can be made to move in rectangle cap head groove by roller and rectangle cap head groove, and with II level guide rail not produce too much cliding friction when ensureing that I level guide rail moves in II level guide rail simultaneously.
Described longitudinal translating device associated is provided with lifting bearing support, the roller that lifting bearing support both sides are arranged can make lifting bearing support roll in the groove of lifting support rails, sprocket wheel has been arranged symmetrically with in the middle part of lifting bearing support, the chain one end coordinated with sprocket wheel is connected with II level guide rail outer wall, the other end is connected with fixing transverse bar on lifting support rails, and the lifting of whole longitudinal translating device associated is driven by the longitudinal oil cylinder be arranged symmetrically with.
Described platform supports frame upper end midway location is equipped with walks crosswise oil cylinder, and for promoting upper brick platform cross motion, platform supports frame lower end is connected with longitudinal oil cylinder piston rod, and longitudinal oil cylinder piston rod promotes the rising of platform supports frame and just drives upper brick platform to rise.The transverse bar of described lifting support rails is provided with stay wire displacement sensor, described stay wire displacement sensor bracing wire is connected with the suspension ring on lifting bearing support, fuselage is connected with transverse bar, when longitudinal translating device associated is elevated, stay wire displacement sensor controls the collapsing length of longitudinal oil cylinder piston rod by the displacement detecting longitudinal translating device associated lifting, thus controls the adjustable height of upper brick platform.
The control system of described Full automatic loading brick stacking machine adopts PLC to be control core, realizing the motion control of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine, realizing from unloading the sequence control of brick device to upper brick device.The major control function of control system comprises: control to unload the walking of brick device, lifting and gripping action; Realize the intermittent moment of conveyer; Control drawing row and returning of pulling device; Control the implementation of push plate device and return and the cross motion of upper brick device and longitudinal movement etc.
The present invention adopts above-mentioned technical scheme, there is following beneficial effect: present invention achieves the integrated automatic transporting process of piled bricks from kiln car to lorry, workman's manual handling process is replaced by Fully-mechanized equipment, substantially increase work efficiency and productive force on the one hand, reduce the labour intensity of productive costs and workman on the other hand.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is integral structure axonometric drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the front elevation unloading brick device.
Fig. 3 is the axonometric drawing of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the front elevation unloading brick device gripping body.
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of Fig. 4 partial view.
Fig. 6 is the axonometric drawing of conveyer and plate pulling device.
Fig. 7 is push plate device axonometric drawing.
Fig. 8 is upper brick device axonometric drawing.
Fig. 9 is the axonometric drawing under Fig. 8 mode of operation.
Figure 10 is the partial view of Fig. 9.
In figure, 1, unload brick device, 2, conveyer, 3, pull rod device, 4, push plate device, 5, upper brick device, 6, lorry, 7, finished product piled bricks, 8, kiln car, 9, kiln car guide rail, 11, lifting mechanism, 12, traveling gear, 13, rotating mechanism, 14, gripping body, 15, fixed supporting frame, 1101, upper plate, 1102, hoist cylinder, 1103, lifting bar, 1201, walker, 1202, driven wheels, 1203, initiatively wheels, 1204, craspedodrome gear pair, 1301, rotary teeth wheel set, 1302, swivel mount, 1303, circular bottom plate, 1401, gripping frame, 1402, slender axles, 1403, small-sized gripping oil cylinder, 1404, outer end lever, 1405, dividing plate, 1406, gripping plate, 21, front end automatic damper, 22, rear end fixed dam, 23, baffle plate frame, 24, small-sized telescopic oil cylinder, 2101, suspension ring, 2102, hawser, 2103, pulley, 31, crossbeam, 32 pull oil cylinder, and 33, arm-tie, 34, hold brick platform, 41, push pedal, 42, carry out oil cylinder, 43, floor stand, 51, upper brick platform, 52, transverse conveying mechanism, 53, longitudinal translating device associated, 54, platform supports frame, 55, lifting support rails, 5101, small-sized grooved guide rail, 5201, I level guide rail, 5202, II level guide rail, 5203, unidirectional baffle plate, 5301, lifting bearing support, 5302, bearing support roller, 5303, sprocket wheel, 5304, chain, 5305, longitudinal oil cylinder, 5401, walk crosswise oil cylinder, 5501, transverse bar, 5502, stay wire displacement sensor, 5503, draw ring, 5504, bearing plate.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated for existing accompanying drawings 1 ~ 10 and detailed description of the invention.
A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine is primarily of unloading the compositions such as brick device 1, conveyer 2, pull rod device 3, push plate device 4 and upper brick device 5, and this brick stacking machine adopts PLC control core.
Described unloading on brick device 1 is provided with: lifting mechanism 11, traveling gear 12, rotating mechanism 13, gripping body 14 and fixed supporting frame 15.The upper plate 1101 of described lifting mechanism 11 is fixed with the piston rod top bolt of hoist cylinder 1102, the cylinder barrel bottom of hoist cylinder 1102 and the walker 1201 lower shoe bolt of traveling gear 12 are fixed, and upper plate 1101 is also provided with the lifting bar 1103 be socketed with rotating mechanism 13.The circular bottom plate 1303 of described lifting bar 1103 bottom and rotating mechanism 13 is fixed with bolt.When control system controls hoist cylinder 1102 piston rod movement, drive lifting bar 1103 is elevated, thus can puts down or mention rotating mechanism 13 and gripping body 14.
Described traveling gear 12 is provided with walker 1201 and two pairs of road wheels, i.e. driven wheels 1202 and initiatively wheels 1203.Described driven wheels 1202 are connected with walker 1201 by axle with active wheels 1203, described active wheels 1203 are connected on same axis by key with the big gear wheel of craspedodrome gear pair 1204, thus ensure that the circumference of initiatively wheels 1203 and craspedodrome gear pair 1204 big gear wheel is fixed.When control system controls electric motor starting when driving the pinion rotation of craspedodrome gear pair 1204, according to the characteristics of motion of gear, the big gear wheel of craspedodrome gear pair 1204 can with pinion rotation, and now initiatively wheels 1201 roll forward or backward along the walking guiderail track on fixed supporting frame 15.
Described rotating mechanism 13 is furnished with rotary teeth wheel set 1301, swivel mount 1302 and circular bottom plate 1303, drive motor is equipped with in the miniature gears upper end of described rotary teeth wheel set 1301, big gear wheel upper surface and circular bottom plate 1303 are fixed, and the gripping frame 1401 of lower surface and gripping body is fixed.Described swivel mount 1302 is arranged on inside circular bottom plate 1303, and the big gear wheel of swivel mount 1302 bottom side and rotary teeth wheel set 1301 is fixed, and swivel mount 1302 is provided with roller, and the roller on swivel mount 1302 can make gripping body 14 hang on rotating mechanism 13.When the unlatching of control system control motor is moved and drives pinion rotation, according to the characteristics of motion of gear, when circular bottom plate 1303 maintains static, swivel mount 1302 and the gripping body 14 being positioned at its bottom side do dead axle revolution.
Described gripping body 14 is made up of gripping frame 1401, slender axles 1402, small-sized gripping oil cylinder 1403, outer end lever 1404, dividing plate 1405 and gripping plate 1406.Described gripping frame 1401 is the nine grids of 3 × 3, its longitudinal beam has rectangle cap head sulculus, is furnished with 18 slender axles 1402 in groove altogether, respectively corresponding nine small-sized gripping oil cylinders 1403.Described slender axles 1402 one end is connected with small-sized gripping oil cylinder 1403 piston, the other end is connected with outer end lever 1404 with same one end of adjacent elongated axle 1402, small-sized gripping oil cylinder 1403 cylinder barrel is arranged on dividing plate 1405, and described dividing plate 1405 is for isolating adjacent slender axles 1402.Every lattice of gripping frame 1401 are furnished with three slender axles 1402 and three small-sized gripping oil cylinders 1403, slender axles 1402 are fixed with gripping plate 1406.Described gripping plate 1406 has six axis holes, the adjacent slender axles 1402 of the six roots of sensation can be passed.Often adjacent six roots of sensation slender axles 1402 can be fixed with 20 a pair gripping plate 1406, wherein the gripping plate 1406 at every lattice two ends is fixed respectively with inside the longitudinal beam of gripping frame 1401.Described outer end lever 1404 is fixed on gripping frame 1401 edge, when control system control small-sized gripping oil cylinder 1403 piston rod stretch out time, the slender axles 1402 be connected with piston rod also stretch out thereupon, under the effect of outer end lever 1404, adjacent slender axles 1402 move towards contrary direction, the gripping plate 1406 be separately fixed on adjacent two slender axles 1402 is drawn close mutually, with this gripping fragment of brick.
Described fixed supporting frame 15 is furnished with walking guide rail, and walking guide rail end is equipped with block and limit switch, and moving to prevent traveling gear goes beyond the scope.
In sum unload brick device 1, its operating principle is preferably: traveling gear 12 to move to directly over finished product piled bricks 7 behind position, lifting mechanism 11 declines, the gripping plate 1406 of gripping body 14 declines to being inserted into after between brickwork joint and stops, start small-sized gripping oil cylinder 1403 and make gripping body 14 gripping fragment of brick, then drive lifting mechanism 11 to rise; Stop after lifting mechanism 11 rises to specified altitude assignment, then drive traveling gear 12 to move towards conveyer 2 direction.Stop when traveling gear 12 moves to after below conveyer 2, start lifting mechanism 11 and drop to assigned address above conveyer 2, unclamp gripping plate 1406, brick layer is transferred on conveyer 2, mention clamp device 14 again, start conveyer 2 to start to transmit, so far complete one and unload brick action, whole action is completed by control system sequence control.It should be noted that, piling direction due to brick layer is adjacent upper and lower two-layer orthogonal 90, therefore, complete one unload brick action after, second is unloaded brick action and need carry out twice rotation 90 to rotating mechanism 13, i.e. brick folding and rotate 90 respectively when unloading brick, unloads the brick layer that brick action transfers to ensure to transfer to brick layer on conveyer 2 have identical direction with previous.
Described conveyer 2 is flight conveyor, and adopt intermittent mode transmission, relay is equipped with in conveyer 2 inside, is used for controlling the intermittent startup of belt conveyor and stopping.Under the effect of control system, brick layer is via unloading after brick device 1 transfers to conveyer 2, and this brick layer can travel forward with the belt conveyor of conveyer 2, and brick layer is moved a segment distance, stops after encountering the rear end fixed dam 22 of baffle mechanism.Described baffle mechanism is arranged on conveyer 2 terminal position, form primarily of front end automatic damper 21, rear end fixed dam 22, baffle plate frame 23 and small-sized telescopic oil cylinder 24, described baffle plate frame 23 has the baffle plate groove of rectangle, front end automatic damper 21 and rear end fixed dam 22 are inserted in the rectangular channel of respective baffle plate frame 23; Described front end automatic damper 21 is provided with suspension ring 2101, and suspension ring 2101 are connected with small-sized telescopic oil cylinder 24 piston rod by hawser 2102, and described hawser 2102 hangs on the pulley 2103 on front end automatic damper 21 baffle plate frame and another pulley below baffle plate frame 23.After brick layer is transported to assigned address stopping by belt conveyor, under control system effect, small-sized telescopic oil cylinder 24 piston rod stretches out and automatic damper is put down.This automatic damper 21 1 aspect can be used for isolating brick layer, can play on the other hand directional tagging when pull rod device 3 pulls brick layer.Rear end fixed dam 22, by being manually inserted in baffle plate rectangular channel by baffle plate, can prevent fragment of brick from dropping.
Be fixed with hang cylinder barrel seat inside the crossbeam 31 of described pull rod device 3 and pull oil cylinder 32, described in pull the piston rod top of oil cylinder 32 and arm-tie 33 with bolts.Brick layer between front end automatic damper 21 and rear end fixed dam 22 can be pulled to and hold on brick platform 34 by this pull rod device 3, and eliminates brick layer gap in the vertical.
Described push plate device 4 is made up of push pedal 41, implementation oil cylinder 42 and floor stand 43.Carry out oil cylinder 42 to be fixed at floor stand 43 midway location, push pedal 41 can be promoted and travel forward, and brick layer be pushed on upper brick platform 51, eliminate brick layer gap in the horizontal simultaneously.
Described upper brick device 5 is primarily of compositions such as upper brick platform 51, transverse conveying mechanism 52, longitudinal translating device associated 53, platform supports frame 54, lifting support rails 55.
Described upper brick platform 51 minor face bilateral symmetry is fixed with a small-sized grooved guide rail 5101, is provided with block on the upside of small-sized grooved guide rail 1501, can respectively with the I level guide rail 5201 on both sides transverse conveying mechanism 52 inside block routing motion.
Described transverse conveying mechanism 52 is drawer type conveying mechanism, adopts two-stage telescopic guide.Described two-stage telescopic guide is divided into I level guide rail 5201 and II level guide rail 5202, and described I level guide rail 5201 is embedded in II level guide rail 5202, is fixed together bottom described II level guide rail 5202 with platform supports frame 54.And outer wall is equipped with straight pin on the upside of I level guide rail 5201, inside I level guide rail 5201, be evenly arranged roller and block, can have ensured that small-sized grooved guide rail 5101 rolls in I level guide rail 5201 by the effect of roller and block; Have rectangle sulculus on the downside of II level guide rail 5202, rectangle sulculus is embedded with roller, and this roller can contact with I level guide rail 5201 outer wall through rectangle sulculus, cliding friction when reducing the relative motion of two-stage guide rail with this.In addition, on the upside of II level guide rail 5202, have rectangle cap head vat, can make the straight pin on I level guide rail 5202 in this vat, make set a distance and slide.During the block encountered inside I level guide rail 5201 when the block in small-sized grooved guide rail 5101 is protruding, drive I level is led 5201 also protruding, and namely stop after the straight pin on I level guide rail 5201 slides arrival vat end in II level guide rail 5202 vat, thus achieve the two-stage conveying of lateral transfer guide rail.
II level guide rail 5202 upper edge that it is pointed out that two symmetries also bridge joint has unidirectional baffle plate 5203, and described unidirectional baffle plate 5203 side is provided with block, and baffle plate is fixed on upper brick platform 51 top position by damper shaft.When upper brick platform 51 is in forced stroke, when the brick layer namely gone up on brick platform 51 is transported to lorry 6, unidirectional baffle plate 5203 rotation direction is consistent with brick layer sense of motion, therefore does not play barrier effect; And when upper brick platform 51 is in return of stroke, namely when unidirectional baffle plate 5203 rotation direction is contrary with brick layer sense of motion, block can stop baffle plate to be rotated further, thus stops that brick layer follows returning and returning of brick platform 51, and brick layer is pushed into by rows on the compartment of lorry 8.
Described longitudinal translating device associated 53 is provided with lifting bearing support 5301, lifting bearing support 5301 both sides are provided with bearing support roller 5302, lifting bearing support 5301 can be made to roll in the groove of lifting support rails 55 by bearing support roller 5302.Sprocket wheel 5303 has been arranged symmetrically with in the middle part of lifting bearing support 5301, chain 5304 one end coordinated with sprocket wheel 5303 is connected with II level guide rail 5202 outer wall, the other end is connected with transverse bar 5501 fixing on lifting support rails 55, when control system control longitudinal oil cylinder 5305 piston rod stretch time, promotion lifting support frame 5301 is elevated by the piston rod of longitudinal oil cylinder 5305, the chain 5304 that one end is fixed can drive II level guide rail 5,202 one lifting under sprocket wheel effect, thus realizes upper brick platform 51 conveying in the vertical.
What described platform supports frame 54 upper end midway location was installed walks crosswise oil cylinder 5401, and for support and the horizontal impetus of upper brick platform 51, platform supports frame 54 upper end is connected with II level guide rail 5202 outer wall, can with the lifting campaign of longitudinal translating device associated 53.
Transverse bar 5501 fixing on described lifting support rails 55 is provided with stay wire displacement sensor 5502, for determining the adjustable height of upper brick platform.The bracing wire of described stay wire displacement sensor 5502 is connected with the draw ring 5503 on lifting bearing support 5301, and fuselage is connected with transverse bar 5501.When longitudinal translating device associated 53 is elevated, stay wire displacement sensor 5502 by detecting the collapsing length of Bit andits control longitudinal direction oil cylinder 5305 piston rod of longitudinal translating device associated 53, thus controls the adjustable height of upper brick platform 51.Grooved is made in lifting support rails 55 vertical beam both sides, and the roller of longitudinal translating device associated 51 and platform bearing support 54 can be made to roll in groove lifting.Side is equipped with bearing plate 5504, when upper brick device 5 is in off working state, platform supports frame 54 can be placed on bearing plate 5504.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited only to above-described embodiment, and all technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention all belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a Full automatic loading brick stacking machine, is characterized in that: this mechanical device primarily of unloading brick device (1), conveyer (2), pull rod device (3), push plate device (4), upper brick device (5) and control system etc. six major part composition; The described brick device (1) that unloads for successively unloading the finished product piled bricks (7) on kiln car (8), and is transported on conveyer (2); Described conveyer (2) is for transmitting the brick layer transferred on this device, and conveyer (2) end is furnished with the baffle mechanism vertical with direction of transfer and pull rod device (3), and wherein baffle mechanism plays isolation and directional tagging; Brick layer can be pulled on this apparatus platform by described pull rod device (3), and by means of the push plate device (4) of this device side, brick layer is pushed to upper brick device (5), brick layer gap in machine and transverse direction can be eliminated by the compound action of pull rod device (3) and push plate device (4); Pull rod device (3) opposite side is furnished with brick device (5), finished bricks can be pushed on lorry (6).
2. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: (2 adopt intermittent drive to described conveyer, baffle mechanism is being provided with along brick layer sense of motion end, this baffle mechanism forms primarily of front end automatic damper (21), rear end fixed dam (22) and baffle plate frame (23), on the one hand can be used for separating brick layer, be used for brick layer on the other hand and drawn the guiding delivering to and hold in brick platform (34) process and preventing fragment of brick from dropping to ground.
3. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pull rod device (3) primarily of crossbeam (31), pull oil cylinder (32), arm-tie (33), hold the compositions such as brick platform (34), hold brick platform (34) for what the brick layer on conveyer (2) is pulled to pull rod device (3), and eliminate brick layer in gap in the vertical simultaneously.
4. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described push plate device (4) is primarily of push pedal (41), implementation oil cylinder (42) and floor stand (43) composition, carrying out oil cylinder (42) is fixed at floor stand (43) midway location, push pedal (41) can be promoted travel forward, brick layer is pushed on the upper brick platform (51) of upper brick device (5), and eliminate brick layer gap in the horizontal simultaneously.
5. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described upper brick device (5) is primarily of compositions such as upper brick platform (51), transverse conveying mechanism (52), longitudinal translating device associated (53), platform supports frame (54), liftings support rails (55); Brick layer on upper brick platform (51) can be transported on lorry by described transverse conveying mechanism (52) and longitudinal translating device associated (53), and under the effect of the upper unidirectional baffle plate (5203) of transverse conveying mechanism (52), brick layer is pushed on lorry (6).
6. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described transverse conveying mechanism (52) is drawer type conveying mechanism, adopt two-stage telescopic guide, i.e. I level guide rail (5201) and II level guide rail (5202), can be transported to above boxcar 6 by upper brick platform (51) by this transverse conveying mechanism (52); In described I level guide rail (5201) groove, roller and block are installed, can with the small-sized guide rail routing motion on upper brick platform; Described II level guide rail (5202) bottom side is provided with roller, also have the groove of rectangle cap head on the upside of this guide rail, when the straight pin on I level guide rail can be made to move in rectangle cap head groove by roller and rectangle cap head groove and ensure that I level guide rail (5201) moves in II level guide rail (5202) simultaneously, do not produce too much cliding friction with II level guide rail (5202).
7. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described longitudinal translating device associated (53) is provided with lifting bearing support (5301), the lifting bearing support roller (5302) that its both sides are arranged can roll in the groove of lifting support rails (55), lifting bearing support (5301) middle part has been arranged symmetrically with sprocket wheel (5303), chain (5304) one end coordinated with it is connected with II level guide rail (5202) outer wall, the other end is connected with the upper fixing transverse bar (5501) of lifting support rails (55), whole longitudinal translating device associated (53) is promoted by the longitudinal oil cylinder (5305) be longitudinally arranged symmetrically with.
8. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described platform supports frame (54) upper end midway location is equipped with walks crosswise oil cylinder (5401), makes cross motion for promoting upper brick platform (51).
9. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the transverse bar (5501) of described lifting support rails (55) is provided with stay wire displacement sensor (5502), described stay wire displacement sensor (5502) bracing wire is connected with the suspension ring (5503) on lifting bearing support, fuselage is connected with transverse bar (5504), when longitudinal translating device associated (53) is elevated, stay wire displacement sensor (5502) controls the collapsing length of longitudinal oil cylinder (5305) piston rod by the displacement detecting longitudinal translating device associated (53), thus control the adjustable height of upper brick platform.
CN201510304478.8A 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine CN104925531B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510304478.8A CN104925531B (en) 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine

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CN104925531A true CN104925531A (en) 2015-09-23
CN104925531B CN104925531B (en) 2017-11-14

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CN105480725A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-13 江阴皇润车业有限公司 Wheel car loader
CN105600515A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-25 江阴皇润车业有限公司 Automatic vehicle wheel loading machine
CN105600490A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-05-25 江西融思科技有限公司 Explosive loading method and explosive loading device
CN105621111A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-06-01 天津海得润滋食品有限公司 Bucket feeding limiting device of stacking machine
CN107167216A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-09-15 袁方 The accurate blood plasma of one kind detection and haemocyte interface identifying device
CN107364723A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-21 宁波伊士通技术股份有限公司 A kind of full-automatic stack equipment of packing box
CN110921299A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-03-27 张家港市易华润东新材料有限公司 Floor packaging system

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CN204777704U (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-11-18 四川大学 Full -automatic loading sign indicating number brick machine

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US4178122A (en) * 1978-03-29 1979-12-11 Abrahamson Daniel P Method and apparatus for cubing brick
US5054994A (en) * 1988-10-17 1991-10-08 Arkansas Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for stacking unfired brick
CN102649510A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-29 武汉理工大学 Intelligent brick unloading machine
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CN204297696U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-29 傅军强 Off-line stacks bricks conveyor line automatically
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105480725A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-13 江阴皇润车业有限公司 Wheel car loader
CN105600515A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-05-25 江阴皇润车业有限公司 Automatic vehicle wheel loading machine
CN105480725B (en) * 2015-12-29 2017-10-13 江苏张驰轮毂制造有限公司 Wheel carloader
CN105621111A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-06-01 天津海得润滋食品有限公司 Bucket feeding limiting device of stacking machine
CN105600490A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-05-25 江西融思科技有限公司 Explosive loading method and explosive loading device
CN107167216A (en) * 2017-05-20 2017-09-15 袁方 The accurate blood plasma of one kind detection and haemocyte interface identifying device
CN107364723A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-21 宁波伊士通技术股份有限公司 A kind of full-automatic stack equipment of packing box
CN107364723B (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-02-26 宁波伊士通技术股份有限公司 A kind of full-automatic stack equipment of packing box
CN110921299A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-03-27 张家港市易华润东新材料有限公司 Floor packaging system

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