CN110921299A - Floor packaging system - Google Patents

Floor packaging system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110921299A
CN110921299A CN201911191308.8A CN201911191308A CN110921299A CN 110921299 A CN110921299 A CN 110921299A CN 201911191308 A CN201911191308 A CN 201911191308A CN 110921299 A CN110921299 A CN 110921299A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stacking
module
floor
conveying
unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201911191308.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110921299B (en
Inventor
孙永华
胡建峰
叶枫
姜春明
刘咚咚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhangjiagang Hua Yi Rundong New Material Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhangjiagang Hua Yi Rundong New Material Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhangjiagang Hua Yi Rundong New Material Co Ltd filed Critical Zhangjiagang Hua Yi Rundong New Material Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911191308.8A priority Critical patent/CN110921299B/en
Publication of CN110921299A publication Critical patent/CN110921299A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110921299B publication Critical patent/CN110921299B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only

Abstract

The invention relates to a floor packaging system, which comprises a sorting unit for sorting floors, a packaging unit positioned behind the sorting unit and used for packaging the floors, and a stacking unit positioned behind the packaging unit and used for moving the floors, wherein a conveying steering unit is arranged between the sorting unit and the packaging unit, and a conveying unit is arranged between the packaging unit and the stacking unit; the finished floor firstly enters the arranging unit to be arranged orderly and then is transported to the packaging unit through the conveying and steering unit, the finished floor is packaged in the packaging unit, and the finished floor enters the stacking unit through the conveying unit to be stacked after being packaged. The automatic production of all parts is realized through the use of the arranging unit, the packaging unit and the stacking unit, the full-automatic production is realized through arrangement, conveying, packaging and stacking through the connection of the conveying steering unit and the second conveying unit between the arranging unit and the packaging unit, the manual intervention is not needed, the production cost is saved, and the working efficiency is improved.

Description

Floor packaging system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of floor production and manufacturing, in particular to a floor packaging system after floor manufacturing is completed.
Background
There are many classifications of floors, classified by structure: solid wood floors, reinforced composite wood floors, three-layer solid wood composite floors, bamboo and wood floors, anti-corrosion floors, cork floors, multi-layer solid wood composite floors and the like; classified by use are: the floor board for household occasions, the floor board for commercial occasions, the antistatic floor board, the outdoor floor board, the floor board special for stage dancing, the floor board special for sports stadiums, the floor board special for track and field, etc.: the factory for producing the floor needs to pack the floor before leaving factory, and generally 5-10 floors are packed into one bag; at present, a packer is available on the market, which packs floors together through a packing box to realize automatic packing of the floors, however, a plurality of floors need to be stacked together before packing, and a large amount of manual operation is needed; and need pile together a plurality of packing cartons after the packing, this kind needs the manual work or operates through manual operation fork truck, greatly reduced production efficiency, the cost of labor is too high simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a floor packaging system, which realizes full automation of early floor stacking, floor packaging and packaging box stacking and improves the production efficiency.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the floor packaging system is characterized by comprising a sorting unit for sorting floors, a packaging unit positioned behind the sorting unit and used for packaging the floors, and a stacking unit positioned behind the packaging unit and used for moving the floors, wherein a conveying steering unit is arranged between the sorting unit and the packaging unit, and a conveying unit is arranged between the packaging unit and the stacking unit; the finished floor firstly enters the arranging unit to be arranged orderly and then is transported to the packaging unit through the conveying and steering unit, the finished floor is packaged in the packaging unit, and the finished floor enters the stacking unit through the conveying unit to be stacked after being packaged.
More specifically, the arranging unit comprises an overturning module for overturning the floor, a transmission module positioned behind the overturning module, a stacking module positioned above the transmission module, a collecting module positioned behind the transmission module and used for collecting the stacked floor, and a pushing-out module arranged between the transmission module and the collecting module; the turnover module turns over the received floors and then enters the transmission module, the stacking module stacks a plurality of floors together and then enters the collection module through the transmission module, and the plurality of floors are pushed into the conveying and steering unit through the pushing-out module after collection is completed.
The overturning module comprises an overturning rack, an overturning shaft positioned on the overturning rack, an overturning motor arranged on the overturning rack and used for driving the overturning shaft to rotate, an overturning bracket fixed on and perpendicular to the overturning shaft, an overturning roller arranged on the overturning bracket, an overturning belt arranged on the overturning roller and an overturning roller motor for driving the overturning roller to move; the two groups of turnover supports are uniformly distributed according to two transverse rows.
Further specifically, the stacking module comprises a stacking rack, a stacking sucker assembly arranged on the stacking rack and a stacking material blocking assembly arranged on the stacking rack.
Further specifically, the collecting module comprises a collecting rack, a collecting sliding plate which is arranged on the collecting rack and moves vertically, a plurality of collecting bearing plates which are arranged on the collecting sliding plate, and a collecting motor which drives the collecting sliding plate to move vertically.
The pushing module comprises a pushing frame, a pushing sliding plate, a plurality of pushing plates and a pushing motor, wherein the pushing sliding plate is arranged on the pushing frame and moves horizontally, the pushing plates are arranged on the pushing sliding plate, and the pushing motor drives the pushing sliding plate to move horizontally.
Further specifically, the packaging unit comprises a packaging conveying module for receiving, conveying and steering the floor conveyed by the unit, a packaging jacking module located below the packaging conveying module and used for jacking the floor, a packaging grabbing module used for grabbing the floor, and a packer for receiving the packaging grabbing module and grabbing the floor.
Further specifically, the package jacking module include the package jacking frame, set up the package jacking driver in the package jacking frame, set up the package jacking fly leaf on the package jacking driver and set up the package jacking board on the package jacking fly leaf.
Further specifically, the package grabbing module comprises a package grabbing rack, a package grabbing and moving device arranged on the package grabbing rack, and a package grabbing device arranged on the package grabbing and moving device and used for grabbing the floor, wherein the package grabbing device is used for grabbing the floor and then moving to an appointed position to release the floor through the package grabbing and moving device.
Further specifically, the stacking unit comprises a gantry type frame, an X-axis moving module located on the gantry type frame, a Z-axis lifting module located on the X-axis moving module, and a stacking and grabbing module arranged on the Z-axis lifting module.
Further specifically, the stacking and grabbing module comprises a stacking and grabbing device for grabbing the floor and a stacking and rotating device for rotating the stacking and grabbing device.
Further specifically, pile up tongs device include the tongs fixed plate that piles up that is connected with Z axle lifting module, set up and pile up tongs locating plate on piling up the tongs fixed plate, set up and pile up tongs fly leaf on piling up the tongs locating plate, set up and pile up tongs subassembly and set up and pile up the tongs cylinder on piling up the tongs fixed plate on piling up the tongs fly leaf, pile up tongs cylinder drive and pile up the tongs fly leaf and rotate around piling up the tongs locating plate.
Further specifically, the stacking and rotating device comprises a stacking and rotating gear set arranged on the stacking and gripping device and a stacking and rotating motor arranged on the Z-axis lifting module, and the stacking and rotating motor drives the stacking and rotating gear set to rotate.
Further specifically, the conveying and steering unit comprises a conveying module for conveying the floor and a steering module for changing the conveying direction of the floor, and the conveying module comprises a conveying rack, a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on the conveying rack and a conveying driving assembly for driving the conveying rollers to rotate.
Further specifically, the steering module comprises a steering frame, a plurality of steering assemblies arranged on the steering frame, a steering rotating assembly for driving the steering assemblies to rotate, and a steering lifting assembly for driving the steering assemblies to move up and down.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the automatic production of all parts is realized through the use of the arranging unit, the packaging unit and the stacking unit, the full-automatic production is realized through arrangement, conveying, packaging and stacking through the connection of the conveying steering unit and the second conveying unit between the arranging unit and the packaging unit, the manual intervention is not needed, the production cost is saved, and the working efficiency is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the arrangement of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the flipping module of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the flipping module of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a transmission module according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a stacking module of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a collection module of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a push-out module of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the construction of the transport turning unit of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged schematic view of portion B of FIG. 9;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of the steering module of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the assembly of the package conveying module, the package jacking module and the package grabbing module according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of a package transfer module of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of a package jacking module of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a front view of the package capture module of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic bottom view of the package grasping module of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic structural view of a stacking unit of the present invention;
fig. 19 is an enlarged schematic view of portion C of fig. 18;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the assembly of the Z-axis lifting module and the stacking and grabbing module according to the present invention;
fig. 21 is a front view schematically showing the structure of fig. 20.
In the figure: 1. a finishing unit; 2. a conveyance turning unit; 3. a packaging unit; 4. a conveying unit; 5. a stacking unit; 11. a turning module; 12. a transmission module; 13. stacking the modules; 14. a collection module; 15. a push-out module; 111. turning over the frame; 112. a turning shaft; 113. turning over the bracket; 114. turning over the belt; 115. turning over the roller; 116. a roller motor is turned over; 117. a pneumatic clamping assembly; 118. a roll-over detection sensor; 1151. actively overturning the roller; 1152. a driven turning roller; 121. a transport support; 122. a transmission roller; 123. a transfer belt; 131. stacking the machine frames; 132. stacking the sucker components; 133. stacking the material blocking assemblies; 134. stacking the X-axis moving assemblies; 135. stacking the Y-axis moving assemblies; 1321. stacking the suckers; 1322. stacking the sucker fixing plates; 1323. stacking a lifting cylinder; 1331. stacking the material blocking cylinders; 1332. stacking the baffles; 1333. stacking the rubber stop blocks; 1341. stacking the sliding rails; 1342. stacking the cylinder fixing plates; 1351. stacking the screw rods; 1352. stacking the screw nuts; 1353. stacking the cylinder moving plates; 1354. a lead screw motor is stacked; 141. a collecting rack; 142. collecting the sliding plate; 143. collecting a bearing plate; 144. actively collecting the rollers; 145. a driven collection roller; 146. collecting the driving belt; 147. collecting a rotating shaft; 148. a collecting baffle; 151. pushing out the frame; 152. pushing out the sliding plate; 153. pushing out the plate; 154. actively pushing out the roller; 155. a driven push-out roller; 156. pushing out the driving belt; 157. pushing out the rubber pad; 21. a delivery module; 22. a steering module; 23. a floor guide assembly; 211. a conveyor frame; 212. a conveying roller; 213. conveying the rotating bracket; 214. a conveying rotating shaft; 215. a conveying rotating motor; 216. a conveyor belt; 221. a steering frame; 222. a steering assembly; 223. a steering rotation assembly; 224. a steering lifting assembly; 2221. an active steering roller; 2222. a driven steering roller; 2223. a steering belt; 2231. an active steering roller; 2232. a steering drive motor; 2241. a steering lifting support; 2242. a steering lifting cylinder; 31. a package conveying module; 32. a package jacking module; 33. a package grasping module; 34. a baling machine; 311. a packaging conveyor frame; 312. packaging conveying rollers; 313. packaging the conveyor belt; 314. a packaging conveying motor; 315. a packaging conveying baffle; 316. a packaging conveying baffle cylinder; 317. a packing and finishing baffle; 318. packaging the alignment cylinder; 319. packaging alignment baffles; 3110. packaging the alignment guide post; 321. packaging the jacking machine frame; 322. packaging the jacking driver; 323. packing the jacking movable plate; 324. packaging the jacking plate; 325. a jacking shaft; 326. a movable driving cylinder; 327. packaging the jacking supporting beam; 328. driving the rotating shaft; 329. jacking a connecting rod; 3210. packing and jacking the rotating plate; 331. a packaging grabbing rack; 332. a package grabbing and moving device; 333. a package grasping assembly; 334. a package lifting assembly; 3331. packaging and grabbing the fixed plate; 3332. a movable gripper; 3333. a packaging and grabbing cylinder; 3334. a movable positioning plate; 3335. a packaging positioning cylinder; 3336. a movable fixing plate; 3341. packaging the lifting sliding plate; 3342. a scissor arm; 3343. a packaging lifting cylinder; 51. a gantry-type frame; 52. an X-axis moving module; 53. a Z-axis lifting module; 54. stacking the grabbing modules; 511. a vertical support; 512. a top frame; 521. moving the trolley; 522. an X-axis drive roller; 523. an X-axis drive belt; 524. an X-axis drive motor; 531. a guide sleeve; 532. a guide post; 533. a stacking lift motor; 534. a crimp belt; 541. a stack rotating device; 542. stacking the gripper devices; 5411. stacking rotating electrical machines; 5412. a stacked rotating gear set; 5421. stacking the gripper fixing plates; 5422. stacking the gripper positioning plates; 5423. stacking the gripper moving plates; 5424. stacking the gripper assemblies; 5425. stacking a gripper cylinder; 54241. stacking the grabbing positioning plates; 54242. the guide rail is combined with the sliding block; 54243. stacking the gripper lifting plates; 54244. pile up tongs lifting cylinder.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, the floor packing system comprises a sorting unit 1 for sorting floors, a packing unit 3 located behind the sorting unit 1 for packing floors, and a stacking unit 5 located behind the packing unit 3 for moving floors, wherein a conveying and steering unit 2 is arranged between the sorting unit 1 and the packing unit 3, and a conveying unit 4 is arranged between the packing unit 3 and the stacking unit 5; the finished floor firstly enters the arranging unit 1 for arranging in order and then is transported to the packaging unit 3 through the conveying and steering unit 2, the finished floor is packaged in the packaging unit 3, and the packaged finished floor enters the stacking unit 5 through the conveying unit 4 for stacking.
As shown in fig. 2, the arranging unit 1 comprises an overturning module 11 for overturning the floor, a conveying module 12 positioned behind the overturning module 11, a stacking module 13 positioned above the conveying module 12, a collecting module 14 positioned behind the conveying module 12 for collecting the stacked floor, and a pushing-out module 15 arranged between the conveying module 12 and the collecting module 14; the turnover module 11 turns over the received floor, and then the floor enters the transmission module 12, the stacking module 13 stacks a plurality of floors together and then enters the collection module 14 through the transmission module 12, and after the collection is finished, the plurality of floors are pushed out together through the push-out module 15 and then enter the next process.
Firstly, after the floor is manufactured, the floor needs to be turned over by the turning module 11, and as shown in fig. 3 and 4, the turning module 11 turns over at a frequency of turning over every other one time; the overturning module 11 comprises an overturning frame 111, an overturning shaft 112 positioned on the overturning frame 111, an overturning motor arranged on the overturning frame 111 and used for driving the overturning shaft 112 to rotate, an overturning bracket 113 fixed and perpendicular to the overturning shaft 112, an overturning roller 115 arranged on the overturning bracket 113, an overturning belt 114 arranged on the overturning roller 115, and an overturning roller motor 116 for driving the overturning roller 114 to move; the turning supports 113 are arranged in two rows and are arranged correspondingly up and down; the floor passes through the middle of the two rows of overturning brackets 113 and is driven by an overturning belt 114; the turning roller motor 116 and the turning motor are controlled by the system; furthermore, in order to clamp the floor during overturning, a pneumatic clamping assembly 117 for clamping the floor is arranged on the overturning shaft 112, the pneumatic clamping assembly 117 comprises a clamping fixing piece fixed on the overturning shaft 112, a clamping cylinder arranged on the clamping fixing piece and a pneumatic clamping head arranged on the clamping cylinder, and the pneumatic clamping head is enabled to be in close contact with the overturning belt 114 below through the action of the clamping cylinder; the pneumatic clamping assemblies 117 are provided in two sets and are evenly distributed on the tumble shaft 112.
Further, the design is carried out according to the actual situation, each row of the turning supports 113 is 6, and the turning supports 113 in the two rows are in one-to-one correspondence from top to bottom; the turning belts 114 on the two rows of turning supports 113 have two movement modes, the first mode is that only the lower turning belt 114 moves, and the lower turning belt 114 can be driven only by rotating due to the gravity of the floor; secondly, the upper and lower turning belts 114 move in opposite directions, so that the moving directions of the upper and lower turning belts 114 are consistent when the upper and lower turning belts are in contact with the floor; further, in order to detect the floor, the floor is turned over when the floor is present, and a turning detection sensor 118 for detecting the presence or absence of the floor is provided on the turning shaft 112; the rollover detection sensor 118 transmits a signal to the system that controls the motion of the rollover motor.
Further realizing the motion mode of the turning belt 114, the turning rollers 115 comprise a driving turning roller 1151 and a driven turning roller 1152, the turning belt 114 is arranged on the driving turning roller 1151 and the driven turning roller 1152, the driving turning roller 1151 at the upper row and the driving turning roller 1151 at the lower row are driven by the same turning roller motor 116, and the motion synchronization is ensured; an upper row of active turning rollers are arranged on the plurality of upper rows of active turning rollers 1151, and a lower row of active turning rollers are arranged on the plurality of lower rows of active turning rollers 1151; the turning roller motor 116 drives the upper row of driving turning rollers to rotate clockwise, and the turning roller motor 116 drives the lower row of driving turning rollers to rotate anticlockwise.
After passing through the flipping module 11, the sheet enters the stacking module 13 through the conveying module 12, and as shown in fig. 5, the conveying module 12 includes a conveying frame 121, a conveying roller 122 disposed on the conveying frame 121, a conveying belt 123 disposed on the conveying roller 122, and a conveying motor for driving the conveying roller 122 to move; the floor is driven onto the transfer belt 123 by the inversion belt 112, and the transfer belt 123 conveys the floor to below the stacking module 13.
As shown in fig. 6, the stacking module comprises a stacking rack 131, a stacking suction cup assembly 132 arranged on the stacking rack 131, and a stacking stop assembly 133 arranged on the stacking rack 131; the stacking sucker assembly 132 comprises a plurality of stacking suckers 1321 for grabbing the floor, a stacking sucker fixing plate 1322 for fixing the stacking sucker 1321, and a stacking lifting cylinder 1323 for pushing the stacking sucker fixing plate 1322 to move up and down; the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 is arranged on the stacking rack 131; a stacking moving device for driving the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 to move on the horizontal plane is arranged between the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 and the stacking rack 131; the stacking moving device comprises a stacking X-axis moving assembly 134 and a stacking Y-axis moving assembly 135 arranged on the stacking X-axis moving assembly 134, and the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 is arranged on the stacking Y-axis moving assembly 135.
The stacking X-axis moving assembly 134 comprises a stacking slide rail 1341 arranged on the stacking rack 131, a stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342 arranged on the stacking slide rail 1341 and a stacking X-axis fixing assembly used for fixing the stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342, the stacking X-axis fixing assembly comprises a stacking fixing hole arranged on the stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342 and a stacking fixing bolt positioned in the stacking fixing hole, and the stacking fixing bolt is abutted against the stacking slide rail 1341 to be fixed after being screwed down; through the stacking slide rail 1341, the stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342 can move on the stacking slide rail 1341, and after the stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342 is moved to a designated position, the stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342 is positioned and fixed through the cooperation of stacking fixing bolts and stacking fixing holes; the stacking X-axis moving assembly 134 enables movement of the stacking chuck assembly 132 in the X-axis direction.
The stacking Y-axis moving assembly 135 comprises a stacking screw 1351 arranged on a stacking cylinder fixing plate 1342, a stacking screw nut 1352 arranged on the stacking screw 1351, a stacking cylinder moving plate 1353 arranged on the stacking screw nut 1352 and a stacking screw motor 1354 driving the stacking screw 1351 to rotate; the stacking Y-axis moving assembly 135 effects movement of the stacking chuck assembly 132 in the Y-axis direction.
In order to ensure that the bottom plates are positioned at the same position in the stacking process and ensure that the floor cannot move along with the transmission belt 123 of the transmission module 12, a stacking and stopping assembly 133 is arranged, wherein the stacking and stopping assembly 133 comprises a stacking and stopping air cylinder 1331 arranged on the stacking rack 131 and a stacking baffle 1332 arranged on the shaft of the stacking and stopping air cylinder 1331, and the stacking baffle 1332 is used for stopping the floor from moving; meanwhile, in order to ensure the stability of the stacking baffle 1332, a slide rail and slide block combination is arranged between the stacking rack 131 and the stacking baffle 1332; the slide rail and the slide block are combined into two groups which are respectively positioned at two sides of the stacking baffle 1332, and the stacking material stopping cylinder 1331 is positioned in the middle of the stacking baffle 1332; in order to ensure that the stacking stop 1332 comes into contact with the floor and does not damage the floor, stacking rubber stops 1333 are provided on the stacking stop 1332.
After the stacking is completed, the stacking baffle 1332 is lifted so that the conveying belt 123 drives the stacked floors into the collection module 14, and a plurality of groups of stacked floors are collated and stacked in the collection module 14 to form a group, which can be packaged.
As shown in fig. 7, the collection module 14 includes a collection frame 141, a collection sliding plate 142 vertically moving on the collection frame 141, a plurality of collection carrying plates 143 arranged on the collection sliding plate 142, and a collection motor driving the collection sliding plate 142 to vertically move; the collecting motor is a stepping motor, and the stepping motor continuously moves downwards in a stepping mode according to the floor received on the collecting bearing plate 143; when the collection sliding plate 142 moves to a designated position, it also indicates that the floor on the collection bearing plate 143 has reached the requirement, and after the floor is conveyed out, the collection sliding plate 142 returns to the initial position; further, in order to ensure the collection sliding plate 142 to move stably, a sliding rail and sliding block combination is arranged between the collection sliding plate 142 and the collection rack 141, so that the movement stability is improved, and the sliding smoothness is ensured; the slide rails and the slide blocks are combined to form two sets which are respectively arranged at two end parts of the collecting slide plate 142.
The collection sliding plate 142 is connected with the collection motor through a collection driving assembly, the collection driving assembly comprises a driving collection roller 144 arranged on the collection motor, a driven collection roller 145 arranged on the collection rack 141, and a collection driving belt 146 arranged on the driving collection roller 144 and the driven collection roller 145, and the collection driving belt 146 is fixed on the collection sliding plate 142; the active collection roller 144 rotates to drive the collection driving belt 146 to move, so that the collection sliding plate 142 moves up and down; two groups of the collection driving components are respectively arranged at two sides of the collection sliding plate 142; the number of the collection driving components is set as required, and a plurality of collection sliding plates 142 are provided to improve stability when the size is long; the active collection roller 144 is connected to the collection motor through a collection rotating shaft 147 to realize the synchronous motion of each collection driving component; the collecting bearing plates 143 are uniformly welded to the collecting sliding plates 142 in number of 5, the collecting bearing plates 143 are perpendicular to the collecting sliding plates 142 and are arranged at intervals, the single collecting bearing plate 143 is T-shaped, and the floor is placed at the top end of the T-shape; meanwhile, a plurality of collecting baffles 148 for preventing the floor from flying out are arranged on the collecting rack 141, the collecting baffles 148 limit the floor on the collecting bearing plate 143, and meanwhile, in order to prevent the floor from being damaged, collecting rubber stoppers are arranged on the collecting baffles 148.
After the floor is collected by the collection module 14, the floor is pushed out from the collection loading plate 143 by the push-out module 15 to enter the next process.
As shown in fig. 8, the pushing module 15 includes a pushing frame 151, a pushing sliding plate 152 disposed on the pushing frame 151 and moving horizontally, a plurality of pushing plates 153 disposed on the pushing sliding plate 152, and a pushing motor for driving the pushing sliding plate 152 to move horizontally; the push-out sliding plate 152 is connected with the push-out rack 151 through a push-out driving assembly, the push-out driving assembly comprises a driving push-out roller 154 arranged on a push-out motor, a driven push-out roller 155 arranged on the push-out rack 151 and a push-out driving belt 156 arranged on the driving push-out roller 154 and the driven push-out roller 155, the push-out driving belt 156 is fixed on the push-out sliding plate 152, 5 push-out plates 153 are arranged in a crossed mode with 5 collection bearing plates 143, and a push-out rubber pad 157 arranged at the head of each push-out plate 153 is in contact with; when the floor needs to be pushed out, the pushing-out motor is started to drive the pushing-out driving belt 156, the pushing-out sliding plate 152 and the pushing-out plate 153 to move through the active pushing-out roller 154, the pushing-out plate 153 is inserted between the collection bearing plates 143, and because the collection bearing plates 143 have moved to the lowest point, the pushing-out plate 153 is inserted between the collection bearing plates 143 and simultaneously pushes the floor to enter the next process for conveying.
The movement process of the arranging unit 1 is that firstly, the floors sequentially enter the overturning module 11, the first floor directly passes through the overturning module 11 and enters the stacking module 13 through the transmission module 12 because the first floor does not need to be overturned, the stacking baffle 1332 in the stacking module 13 blocks the first floor, the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 enables the stacking sucker 1321 to move downwards to be in contact with the first floor, the stacking sucker 1321 sucks the first floor, and the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 is lifted up to enable the first floor to be separated from the transmission belt 123 of the transmission module 12; meanwhile, a second floor enters the turnover module 11, the turnover detection sensor 118 detects the second floor, the system controls the turnover roller motor 116 to stop moving and controls the clamping cylinder to clamp the second floor, the system controls the turnover motor to drive the turnover shaft 112 to turn over for 180 degrees, then the clamping cylinder is released, the turnover roller motor 116 starts to convey the second floor into the stacking module 13, and the stacking baffle 1332 in the stacking module 13 blocks the second floor; the stacking lifting cylinder 1323 moves downwards to place the first floor on the second floor, the stacking suction disc 1321 is loosened to complete stacking of the first floor and the second floor, then the stacking material blocking cylinder 1331 drives the stacking baffle 1332 to lift up, so that the first floor and the second floor enter the collection module 14 together, and at the moment, the floors are sequentially stacked according to the mode; when the floor enters the top end of the collection bearing plate 143, the stepping motor drives the collection sliding plate 142 to move downwards one step, and when the floor enters again, the collection sliding plate 142 continues to move downwards one step until the collection sliding plate moves to a specified position, and at the moment, the system controls the pushing motor to drive the active pushing roller 154 to rotate, so that the pushing driving belt 156, the pushing sliding plate 152 and the pushing plate 153 move, and the pushing plate 153 pushes the sorted floor to enter a next process for conveying.
As shown in fig. 9 and 10, the conveying steering unit 2 includes a conveying module 21 for conveying the floor and a steering module 22 for changing the conveying direction of the floor, the conveying module 21 includes a conveying frame 211, a plurality of conveying rollers 212 disposed on the conveying frame 211, and a conveying driving assembly for driving the conveying rollers 212 to rotate, the conveying driving assembly includes a conveying rotating support 213 disposed on the conveying frame 211, a conveying rotating shaft 214 disposed on the conveying rotating support 213, a conveying rotating motor 215 for driving the conveying rotating shaft 214, and a conveying belt 216 disposed between the conveying rotating shaft 214 and the conveying rollers 212; the conveying rotating shaft 214 is vertically arranged with the conveying roller 212, and the twisting angle of the conveying belt 216 is 90 °.
Firstly, the conveying rotating motor 215 drives the conveying rotating shaft 214 to rotate, the conveying rotating shaft 214 drives the conveying belt 216 to rotate, and the conveying belt 216 can be twisted by 90 degrees, so that the conveying belt 216 rotates the driving force by 90 degrees to drive the conveying roller 212 to rotate, and the conveying roller 212 realizes the conveying of the floor; the twisted conveying belt 216 can reduce friction and noise, and synchronous rotation conveying can be realized through one conveying rotating shaft 214; the first tooth form is arranged on the conveying roller 212, the second tooth form is arranged on the corresponding conveying belt 216, and the first tooth form and the second tooth form are meshed with each other, so that the slipping phenomenon is avoided, and the efficiency and the stability of power transmission are further improved.
Meanwhile, in order to ensure that the floor is conveyed at the designated position of the conveying roller 212 and prevent the floor from falling, a floor guide assembly 23 for arranging the floor is arranged above the conveying roller 212, the floor guide assembly 23 is fixed on the conveying rack 211, and the structure of the floor guide assembly 23 is described as a right combined structure because the floor guide assembly comprises a symmetrical combined structure, as shown in fig. 11, the floor guide assembly 23 comprises a left fixing part and a right fixing part 233 which are fixed at two sides of the conveying rack 211, a left adjusting part which is arranged on the left fixing part, a right adjusting part 234 which is arranged on the right fixing part 233, a left guide plate 231 which is fixed on the left adjusting part, and a right guide plate 232 which is fixed on the right adjusting part 234; the floor passes through the middle of the left guide plate 231 and the right guide plate 232, an inlet formed by the left guide plate 231 and the right guide plate 232 is in a splayed shape, and the floor enters between the left guide plate 231 and the right guide plate 232 along the splayed opening to finish the floor; the adjusting modes of the left guide plate 231 and the right guide plate 232 can be manual or automatic, and when the adjusting modes are manual, the structure is that waist holes are formed in the left adjusting piece and the right adjusting piece 234, the waist holes are fixed on the left fixing piece and the right fixing piece 233 through bolts, and the adjustment is realized through the waist holes and the bolts; when the automatic operation is performed, the structure is that adjusting cylinders are provided on the left fixing member and the right fixing member 233, and the adjusting cylinders push the left adjusting member or the right adjusting member 234 to push the left guide plate 231 or the right guide plate 232 to move.
Further, in order to realize the conveying steering in the factory space, the steering module 22 is arranged between the conveying rollers 212, the steering module 22 comprises a steering frame 221, a plurality of steering assemblies 222 arranged on the steering frame 221, a steering rotating assembly 223 driving the steering assemblies 222 to rotate, and a steering lifting assembly 224 driving the steering assemblies 222 to move up and down, the purpose of the steering assemblies 222 is mainly to change the conveying direction of the floor on the conveying rollers 212, in the case, the direction is changed by 90 degrees, and the changed angle can also be set according to the requirement; the steering assembly 222 includes a driving steering roller 2221 and a driven steering roller 2222 arranged between the conveying rollers 212, and a steering belt 2223 arranged on the driving steering roller 2221 and the driven steering roller 2222, the steering belt 2223 is arranged between the adjacent conveying rollers 212, and the driving steering roller 2221 and the driven steering roller 2222 are both arranged on the steering frame 221; the movement of the steering assembly 222 is driven by the steering rotating assembly 223, the steering rotating assembly 223 comprises an active steering roller 2231 for driving the active steering roller 2221 to rotate and a steering driving motor 2232 for driving the active steering roller 2231 to rotate, the active steering roller 2231 connects a plurality of active steering rollers 2221 in series, and is driven by the same steering driving motor 2232, so that the synchronous rotation of a plurality of steering assemblies 222 is realized, and the steering conveying of the floor is realized.
Based on the above structure, how to realize the floor turning needs to be matched through the turning lifting component 224, as shown in fig. 12, the turning lifting component 224 comprises a turning lifting support 2241 arranged on the turning component 222 and a turning lifting cylinder 2242 arranged below the turning lifting support 2241, and the turning lifting cylinder 2242 drives the turning lifting support 2241 to move up and down; when the steering lifting assembly 224 is lifted, the steering belt 2223 is made higher than the conveying roller 212, and the steering to the floor is realized at the moment; when the steering elevating assembly 224 descends so that the steering belt 2223 is lower than the conveying roller 212, the floor is conveyed above the steering belt 2223 by the conveying roller 212 in preparation for steering; meanwhile, a steering baffle needs to be arranged beside the steering module 22, so that the floor is prevented from moving forwards after being conveyed to a proper position, and the floor is always positioned above the steering belt 2223. The movement of the steering module 22 can be in two modes, the first mode is that a plurality of steering lifting cylinders 2242 are arranged to lift at the same time, so that the steering lifting support 2241 drives the steering assembly 222 to ascend or descend integrally; the second kind of mode, at first make turn to lift support 2241 one end location and can realize rotating, a plurality of lift cylinders 2242 that turn to of installation in other end below, when needs turn to, turn to lift cylinder 2242 and rise and make the other end that turns to lift support 2241 rise to make to turn to belt 2223 and be higher than conveying roller 212, can realize turning to, and turn to lift support 2241 can the pivoted one end turn to belt 2223 a little more than conveying roller 212 can.
As shown in fig. 13, the packing unit 3 includes a packing conveying module 31 for receiving the floor conveyed by the conveying steering unit 2, a packing jacking module 32 for jacking up the floor below the packing conveying module 31, a packing grasping module 33 for grasping the floor, and a packer 34 for receiving the floor grasped by the packing grasping module 33; the floor that moves from last process at first enters into packing transport module 31 in, arranges the floor in packing transport module 31, backs up the floor through packing jacking module 32 after the arrangement and breaks away from packing transport module 31, and packing snatchs the module 33 and snatchs the floor on packing jacking module 32 and export and carry out the packing operation in baling press 34.
As shown in fig. 14, the package conveying module 31 includes a package conveying frame 311, a plurality of package conveying rollers 312 disposed on the package conveying frame 311, and a driving device for driving the package conveying rollers 312 to rotate, one of the plurality of package conveying rollers 312 is a driving roller, the others are driven rollers, the driving roller and the driven rollers are connected by a belt or a chain, and the connection manner may be that two adjacent package conveying rollers are connected by a belt or a chain; the drive rollers are connected to a pack conveyor motor 314 by a pack conveyor belt 313 or chain.
Because the package conveying module 31 needs to stop to jack up after receiving the floor, the subsequently input floor cannot enter the package conveying roller 312, the two end parts of the conveying rack 311 are provided with the package conveying baffle 315 for blocking the floor from entering and the package conveying baffle cylinder 316 for driving the package conveying baffle 315 to move up and down based on the above requirement, the package conveying baffle 315 upwards plays a role of blocking by controlling the motion of the package conveying baffle cylinder 316, and downwards plays a role of giving way to the channel; the control of the packaging conveying baffle cylinder 316 is realized by a packaging conveying sensor arranged on the packaging conveying rack 311, the packaging conveying sensor controls the packaging conveying baffle cylinder 316 to move upwards after detecting that a floor enters the packaging conveying roller 312, and the packaging conveying baffles 315 at the two end parts move upwards; after the package conveying sensor detects that the floor is grabbed, namely the package conveying roller 312 is not provided with the floor, the package conveying baffle cylinder 316 is controlled to move downwards, and the package conveying baffles 315 at the two end parts move downwards.
When the floor enters the packaging conveying roller 312, because the floor can be deviated to cause disorder, a packaging sorting baffle 317 is arranged on one side surface of the packaging conveying rack 311, and the packaging sorting baffle 317 is in a fixed form; the other side surface is provided with a package alignment baffle 319 and a package alignment air cylinder 318 for driving the package alignment baffle 319 to move on the package conveying roller 312, the package alignment air cylinder 318 pushes the package alignment baffle 319 to move axially along the package conveying roller 312, so that the floor approaches to a package sorting baffle 317, two sides of the floor are aligned through the package sorting baffle 317 and the package alignment baffle 319, and the aligned package alignment air cylinder 318 and the package alignment baffle 319 return to the initial position to be ready for the next work. The package aligning baffle 319 needs to be stable in the moving process, so that a plurality of package aligning baffle air cylinders 318 can be designed to be uniformly distributed, package aligning guide posts 3110 can be arranged between the package conveying rollers 312, package aligning guide sleeves are arranged on the package aligning baffle 319, and the package aligning guide posts 3110 are matched with the package aligning guide sleeves to realize stable floor pushing.
As shown in fig. 15, the package jacking module includes a package jacking frame 321, a package jacking driver 322 disposed on the package jacking frame 321, a package jacking movable plate 323 disposed on the package jacking movable plate 322, and package jacking plates 324 disposed on the package jacking movable plate 323, four of the package jacking plates 324 are uniformly distributed, and the package jacking drivers 322 may be linear cylinders or screw mechanisms; the package jacking plate 324 is rotatably connected with the package jacking movable plate 323, the package jacking movable plate 323 is provided with a movable driving cylinder 326 for driving the package jacking plate 324 to rotate, and two movable driving cylinders 326 are respectively and uniformly distributed on the package jacking movable plate 323; the packaging jacking plate 324 is composed of a plurality of inverted L-shaped plates, transverse plates of the L-shaped plates are located above and used for jacking the floor, the plurality of L-shaped plates are arranged between the packaging conveying rollers 312 at intervals, the L-shaped plates are lower than the top surfaces of the packaging conveying rollers 312 when the packaging jacking plate is not in operation, and the plurality of L-shaped plates extend out of the packaging conveying rollers 312 and are higher than the top surfaces of the packaging conveying rollers 312 when the packaging jacking plate is in operation, so that the floor jacking operation is realized.
Further, in order to keep the operation of the package lifting movable plate 323 stable, the package lifting movable plate 323 and the package lifting frame 321 are combined by a slide rail and a slide block to ensure the stable sliding thereof; meanwhile, two groups of sliding rails and sliding blocks are combined and respectively located at two end portions of the package jacking movable plate 323, and when the length of the package jacking movable plate 323 is too long, a plurality of groups of sliding rails and sliding blocks can be combined and uniformly distributed.
Further, a package jacking supporting beam 327 extends out of the package jacking movable plate 323, a driving rotating shaft 328 is arranged on the package jacking supporting beam 327, a jacking connecting rod 329 is arranged on the driving rotating shaft 328, and the driving rotating shaft 328 is positioned in the middle of the jacking connecting rod 329; at least two package jacking rotary plates 3210 are arranged on the package jacking movable plate 323, and the package jacking rotary plates 3210 rotate on the package jacking movable plate 323; the package lifting plate 324 is fixedly connected with the package lifting rotating plate 3210 through a lifting shaft 325, one end of the lifting connecting rod 329 is connected with the lifting shaft 325, and the other end is connected with the movable driving cylinder 326; at least one of the package jacking rotary plates 3210 is positioned below the driving rotary shaft 328, and the package jacking rotary plates 3210 limit the position of the package jacking rotary plates when contacting the driving rotary shaft 328; the structure enables the package lifting plate 324 to move away from the side without straight-down movement, and after the floor is lifted, the next group of floors can be fed continuously, namely, the work is straight-up movement when the package lifting plate 324 lifts the floor, and when the package lifting plate 324 is reset, the work is rotated to the side and then the whole body moves downwards and then is rotated again for resetting; the feeding of the next group of floors is not affected, and the efficiency is improved.
The movable driving cylinder 326 is ejected out to enable the jacking connecting rod 329 to rotate around the driving rotating shaft 328, so that the jacking connecting rod 329 performs arc motion, the L-shaped plate is swung to the side, and when the packaging jacking rotating plate 3210 is in contact with the driving rotating shaft 328, the L-shaped plate is in place to play a limiting role; a circular groove can be formed on the package jacking rotary plate 3210 to be matched with the driving rotary shaft 28, and the package jacking rotary plate 3210 is clamped in the circular groove after rotating to the position each time.
As shown in fig. 16 and 17, the package grabbing module 33 includes a package grabbing frame 331, a package grabbing and moving device 332 disposed on the package grabbing frame 331, and a package grabbing device disposed on the package grabbing and moving device 332 for grabbing the floor, and the package grabbing device grabs the floor and then moves to a designated position by the package grabbing and moving device 332 for releasing; the package grabbing device comprises a package grabbing component 333 for grabbing the floor and a package lifting component 334 for lifting the package grabbing component 333; after grasping the floor by the package grasping assembly 333, the package lifting assembly 334 raises the floor and then moves into the baler by the package grasping movement 332 for a baling operation.
The package grabbing and moving device 332 comprises a package grabbing and fixing support arranged at the top end of the package grabbing rack 331, a lead screw arranged on the package grabbing and fixing support, a lead screw nut arranged on the lead screw and a lead screw motor used for driving the lead screw to rotate, wherein the package grabbing device is arranged on the lead screw nut; the mechanism is a one-way translation mechanism whose primary purpose is to move the gripped floor into the baler 34.
The package grabbing component 333 comprises a package grabbing fixing plate 3331, a slide rail and slide block combination arranged on the package grabbing fixing plate 3331, a movable hand grip 3332 positioned on the slide rail and slide block combination, and a package grabbing cylinder 3333 for driving the movable hand grip 3332 to move; the package grabbing cylinder 3333 moves to enable the movable gripper 3332 to move on the sliding rail, so that the grabbing purpose is realized, meanwhile, the movable gripper 3332 is designed to be L-shaped, the opening of the L-shaped is inward, and the transverse plate of the movable gripper 3332 can well lift the floor; furthermore, in order to improve the uniformity of the floor, a movable positioning plate 3334 for arranging and positioning the floor is arranged on the slide rail and slide block combination, and the movable positioning plate 3334 is driven by a packaging and positioning cylinder 3335; the packaging positioning cylinder 3335 drives the movable positioning plate 3334 to align the side edge of the floor; the movable positioning plate 3334 is positioned on the inner side of the movable hand grip 3332, so that the stroke of the movable positioning plate 3334 is smaller than that of the movable hand grip 3332, and the purpose is that when the movable hand grip 3332 grips the floor, the movable positioning plate 3334 neatly arranges the floor; a plurality of movable grippers 3332 on the same side are arranged on the same movable fixing plate 3336 for fixing, and the movable fixing plate 3336 is arranged on the sliding block; the movable grips 3332 are located on both sides and ends of the package grip fixing plate 3331.
The package lifting assembly 334 comprises a package lifting slide plate 3341 arranged on the screw nut, a scissor arm 3342 arranged between the package lifting slide plate 3341 and the package grabbing fixing plate 3331, and a package lifting cylinder 3343 driving the scissor arm 3342 to move.
The package grabbing module 333 firstly drives the movable positioning plate 3334 to neatly arrange the floor by the package positioning cylinder 3335, and simultaneously drives the movable gripper 3332 to grab the floor in place by the package grabbing cylinder 3333, at this time, the package lifting cylinder 3343 drives the scissor arm 3342 to move, so that the distance between the package lifting sliding plate 3341 and the package grabbing fixing plate 3331 is reduced, namely the floor is lifted; finally, the screw motor drives the screw to rotate so that the screw nut moves linearly, and the screw nut drives the package lifting slide 3341 to slide on the package catching frame 331 into the packer 34.
As shown in fig. 18, the stacking unit 5 includes a gantry frame 51, an X-axis moving module 52 located on the gantry frame 51, a Z-axis lifting module 53 located on the X-axis moving module 52, and a stack grabbing module 54 disposed on the Z-axis lifting module 53, where the stack grabbing module 54 includes a stack grabbing device 542 for grabbing an object and a stack rotating device 541 for driving the stack grabbing device 542 to rotate; the structure realizes the movement in the horizontal X axial direction through the X-axis moving module 52, realizes the lifting movement of the structure through the Z-axis lifting module 53, grabs the floor through the stacking grabbing device 542 after the movement is in place, and stacks the floor after the floor is rotated through the stacking rotating device 541, realizes the automation of floor grabbing, and can adjust the floor placing angle and position according to requirements; furthermore, in order to obtain more placing spaces in the horizontal direction, a Y-axis moving module is arranged between the gantry frame 1 and the X-axis moving module 52, and the placing at any position in the horizontal direction is realized through the Y-axis moving module, so that the space utilization rate is improved.
The gantry 51 comprises vertical supports 511 at two sides and a top frame 512 at the top ends of the two vertical supports 511, the X-axis moving module 52 is arranged on the top frame 512, and the Y-axis moving module is arranged between the top frame 512 and the vertical supports 511 and used for the top frame 512 to slide on the vertical supports 511.
As shown in fig. 18 and 19, the X-axis moving module 52 includes a moving cart 521 and a driving device for driving the moving cart 521, the moving cart 521 is disposed at the top end of the gantry 51, that is, the moving cart 521 is disposed in the top frame 512, and the Z-axis lifting module 53 is disposed on the moving cart 521 and moves on the top frame 512 along with the moving cart 521; the driving device comprises an X-axis driving roller 522 arranged at two ends of the top frame 512, an X-axis driving belt 523 arranged on the X-axis driving roller 522 and an X-axis driving motor 524 for driving the X-axis driving roller 522 to rotate, the X-axis driving belt 523 is fixed on the moving trolley 521, and meanwhile, a track is arranged on the top frame 512 for the moving trolley 521 to move; the X-axis driving motor 524 rotates to drive the X-axis driving roller 522 on one side to rotate, and simultaneously drives the X-axis driving belt 523 and the X-axis driving roller 522 on the other side to move, and the X-axis driving belt 523 drives the moving trolley 521 to move in the track on the top frame 512.
As shown in fig. 18, 20 and 21, the Z-axis lifting module 53 includes a guide sleeve 531 disposed on the moving cart 521, a guide post 532 disposed on the stacking grabbing module 54, a stacking lifting motor 33 disposed on the moving cart 521, and a curling belt 34 disposed on the stacking lifting motor 33, wherein the guide post 532 is inserted into the guide sleeve 531, and one end of the curling belt 534 is fixed on the stacking grabbing module 54; the stacking lifting motor 533 moves to drive the curling belt 534 to curl, so that the curling belt 534 drives the stacking grabbing module 54 to move upwards, and the guide pillar 532 and the guide sleeve 531 are matched to realize a guiding effect, so that only the vertical movement is ensured, and the horizontal deviation cannot be caused in the moving process; meanwhile, a limiting plate can be arranged at the top end of the guide pillar 532, and when the curled belt 534 is damaged and broken, the stack grabbing module 54 cannot directly fall to the ground through the matching of the limiting plate and the guide sleeve 531; the winding belt 534 adopts a toothed belt to improve the lifting safety and cannot slip; meanwhile, in the present embodiment, the two curling belts 534 are respectively disposed on two sides of the stacking lifting motor 533, so as to further improve the safety performance and the lifting stability.
The stacking and grabbing module 54 comprises a stacking and grabbing device 542 and a stacking and rotating device 541, the stacking and rotating device 541 is arranged between the stacking and grabbing device 542 and the Z-axis lifting module 53, wherein the stacking and rotating device 541 comprises a stacking and rotating gear set 5412 arranged between the stacking and grabbing device 542 and the Z-axis lifting module 53 and a stacking and rotating motor 5411 arranged on the Z-axis lifting module 53, the stacking and rotating gear set 5411 drives the stacking and rotating gear set 5412 to rotate, the stacking and rotating gear set 5412 drives the stacking and rotating device 542 to rotate, and the placing direction and the placing angle of the floor are changed through rotation.
The stacking gripper 542 includes a stacking gripper fixing plate 5421 connected to the stacking rotation gear set 5412, a stacking gripper positioning plate 5422 disposed on the stacking gripper fixing plate 5421, a stacking gripper moving plate 5423 disposed on the stacking gripper positioning plate 5422, a stacking gripper assembly 5424 disposed on the stacking gripper moving plate 5423, and a stacking gripper cylinder 5425 disposed on the stacking gripper fixing plate 5421, the stacking gripper cylinder 5425 drives the stacking gripper moving plate 5423 to rotate around the stacking gripper positioning plate 5422, the stacking gripper assembly 5424 is used for gripping the floor, the stacking finger assembly 5424 includes a stacking finger positioning plate 54241 for positioning the floor, a guide and slider combination 54242 disposed on the stacking finger moving plate 5423, a stacking finger lifting plate 54243 disposed on the guide and slider combination 54242, and a stacking finger lifting cylinder 54244 for driving the stacking finger lifting plate 54243 to move. The movement process of the stacking gripper device 542 is that firstly, the stacking gripper cylinder 5425 extends out to enable the stacking gripper movable plate 5423 and the stacking gripper assembly 5424 to be opened towards two sides, the stacking gripper assembly 5424 is moved to the side of the floor through the X-axis moving module 52 and the Z-axis lifting module 53, the stacking gripper cylinder 5425 retracts and drives the stacking gripper movable plate 5423 and the stacking gripper assembly 5424 to be folded inwards, at the moment, the stacking gripper movable plate 5423 abuts against the side surface of the floor, the stacking gripper lifting cylinder 54244 moves to enable the stacking gripper lifting plate 54243 to move inwards and be inserted below the floor, the Z-axis lifting module 53 moves upwards to lift the floor, the floor is transported to the placing position side through the X-axis moving module 52, and the stacking rotating device 541 rotates the floor in the movement process; after the floor is lowered to the designated position through the Z-axis lifting module 53, the stacking hand lifting cylinder 54244 acts to retract the stacking hand lifting plate 54243 and extend the stacking hand cylinder 5425 to open the stacking hand moving plate 5423 and the stacking hand assembly 5424 to both sides, the floor falls to the placement position, a stacking operation is completed, and the step is repeated to achieve the effect of repeated stacking.
To sum up, through above-mentioned structure realize the full automated production of assembly line, reduced a large amount of human input, improved work efficiency.
It is to be emphasized that: the above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention in any way, and all simple modifications, equivalent changes and modifications made to the above embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention are within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (15)

1. The floor packaging system is characterized by comprising a sorting unit (1) for sorting floors, a packaging unit (3) positioned behind the sorting unit (1) and used for packaging the floors, and a stacking unit (5) positioned behind the packaging unit (3) and used for moving the floors, wherein a conveying and steering unit (2) is arranged between the sorting unit (1) and the packaging unit (3), and a conveying unit (4) is arranged between the packaging unit (3) and the stacking unit (5); the finished floor firstly enters the arranging unit (1) to be arranged orderly and then is transported to the packaging unit (3) through the conveying and steering unit (2), the finished floor is packaged in the packaging unit (3), and the finished floor enters the stacking unit (5) through the conveying unit (4) to be stacked after being packaged.
2. The floor packing system according to claim 1, wherein the collating unit (1) comprises an inverting module (11) for inverting the floor, a transport module (12) located behind the inverting module (11), a stacking module (13) located above the transport module (12), a collecting module (14) located behind the transport module (12) for collecting the stacked floors, and a push-out module (15) arranged between the transport module (12) and the collecting module (14); the turnover module (11) turns over the received floor, the floor enters the transmission module (12), the stacking module (13) stacks the floors together, the floors enter the collection module (14) through the transmission module (12), and the floors are pushed into the conveying and steering unit (2) through the pushing-out module (15) after collection.
3. The floor packaging system of claim 2, wherein the turnover module (11) comprises a turnover frame (111), a turnover shaft (112) arranged on the turnover frame (111), a turnover motor arranged on the turnover frame (111) and used for driving the turnover shaft (112) to rotate, a turnover bracket (113) fixed and perpendicular to the turnover shaft (112), a turnover roller (115) arranged on the turnover bracket (113), a turnover belt (114) arranged on the turnover roller (115), and a turnover roller motor (116) for driving the turnover roller (115) to move; the two groups of the turnover supports (113) are uniformly distributed according to two transverse rows.
4. The floor packing system of claim 2, wherein the stacking module (13) comprises a stacking rack (131), a stacking suction cup assembly (132) disposed on the stacking rack (131), and a stacking stop assembly (133) disposed on the stacking rack (131).
5. The floor packing system of claim 2, wherein the collecting module (14) comprises a collecting frame (141), a collecting sliding plate (142) vertically moving on the collecting frame (141), a plurality of collecting loading plates (143) provided on the collecting sliding plate (142), and a collecting motor driving the collecting sliding plate (142) to vertically move.
6. The floor packing system according to claim 2, wherein the push-out module (15) comprises a push-out frame (151), a push-out sliding plate (152) disposed on the push-out frame (151) and horizontally moving, a plurality of push-out plates (153) disposed on the push-out sliding plate (152), and a push-out motor for driving the push-out sliding plate (152) to horizontally move.
7. The floor covering system according to claim 1, wherein the covering unit (3) comprises a covering conveying module (31) for receiving the conveying steering unit (2) to convey the floor, a covering jacking module (32) for jacking up the floor under the covering conveying module (31), a covering grasping module (33) for grasping the floor, and a covering machine (34) for receiving the covering grasping module (33) to grasp the floor.
8. The floor baling system of claim 7 wherein said wrap jacking module (32) includes a wrap jacking frame (321), a wrap jacking actuator (322) disposed on the wrap jacking frame (321), a wrap jacking flap (323) disposed on the wrap jacking actuator (322), and a wrap jacking flap (324) disposed on the wrap jacking flap (323).
9. The floor packaging system according to claim 7, wherein the package grabbing module (33) comprises a package grabbing frame (331), a package grabbing and moving device (332) arranged on the package grabbing frame (331), and a package grabbing device arranged on the package grabbing and moving device (332) and used for grabbing the floor, and the package grabbing device grabs the floor and then is moved to a designated position by the package grabbing and moving device (332) to be released.
10. The floor packing system according to claim 1, wherein the stacking unit (5) comprises a gantry frame (51), an X-axis moving module (52) disposed on the gantry frame (51), a Z-axis lifting module (53) disposed on the X-axis moving module (52), and a stack grabbing module (54) disposed on the Z-axis lifting module (53).
11. The floor covering system of claim 10, wherein the stack gripping module (54) comprises a stack gripper (542) for gripping the floor and a stack rotation device (541) for rotating the stack gripper (542).
12. The floor covering system according to claim 11, wherein the stacking gripper (542) comprises a stacking gripper fixing plate (5421) connected to the Z-axis lifting module (53), a stacking gripper positioning plate (5422) disposed on the stacking gripper fixing plate (5421), a stacking gripper moving plate (5423) disposed on the stacking gripper positioning plate (5422), a stacking gripper assembly (5424) disposed on the stacking gripper moving plate (5423), and a stacking gripper cylinder (5425) disposed on the stacking gripper fixing plate (5421), wherein the stacking gripper cylinder (5425) drives the stacking gripper moving plate (5423) to rotate around the stacking gripper positioning plate (5422).
13. The floor covering system of claim 12, wherein the stacking rotation device (541) comprises a stacking rotation gear set (5412) disposed on the stacking gripper device (542) and a stacking rotation motor (5411) disposed on the Z-axis lifting module (53), wherein the stacking rotation motor (5411) drives the stacking rotation gear set (5412) to rotate.
14. The floor covering system according to claim 1, wherein the conveying steering unit (2) comprises a conveying module (21) for conveying the floor and a steering module (22) for changing the conveying direction of the floor, and the conveying module (21) comprises a conveying frame (211), a plurality of conveying rollers (212) arranged on the conveying frame (211) and a conveying driving assembly for driving the conveying rollers (212) to rotate.
15. The floor baling system of claim 14, wherein said steering module (22) comprises a steering frame (221), a plurality of steering assemblies (222) mounted on the steering frame (221), a steering rotating assembly (223) for driving the steering assemblies (222) to rotate, and a steering elevating assembly (224) for driving the steering assemblies (222) to move up and down.
CN201911191308.8A 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Floor packaging system Active CN110921299B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911191308.8A CN110921299B (en) 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Floor packaging system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911191308.8A CN110921299B (en) 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Floor packaging system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110921299A true CN110921299A (en) 2020-03-27
CN110921299B CN110921299B (en) 2021-08-24

Family

ID=69846946

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911191308.8A Active CN110921299B (en) 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Floor packaging system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110921299B (en)

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07315573A (en) * 1994-05-26 1995-12-05 Okura Yusoki Co Ltd Picking device
EP2141095A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2010-01-06 MULTIVAC Sepp Haggenmüller GmbH & Co KG Packaging machine with a gripper system
CN201385941Y (en) * 2008-12-26 2010-01-20 上海人造板机器厂有限公司 Plate corner elevation-type conveyer
JP2014005149A (en) * 2012-05-29 2014-01-16 Nippon Kyodo Kikaku Kk Automatic sorting method and device for fruit vegetable and fruit vegetable carrier
CN104340662A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-02-11 沃格自动化科技(无锡)有限公司 Floor turnover machine
CN104925531A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-09-23 四川大学 Full-automatic truck loading and brick stacking machine
CN105293066A (en) * 2015-08-14 2016-02-03 江苏力维物流机械有限公司 Sucker type automatic side feeding and discharging machine
CN205257493U (en) * 2015-12-05 2016-05-25 青岛凯智达智能装备有限公司 Gantry type stacking machine
CN107117465A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-01 潍坊奥腾冷弯机械有限公司 Rotary stacking machine
CN107878820A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-06 中山市器美机器人科技有限公司 Packaging bag intelligently divides pile u-turn stack device and automatic packaging production line automatically
CN107918030A (en) * 2016-10-07 2018-04-17 豪夫迈·罗氏有限公司 Sample container processing unit
CN207632033U (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-07-20 宿迁福康鑫木业有限公司 A kind of turning plate changes face conveying device
CN109051702A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-21 衢州市川特电子科技有限公司 A kind of automatic sensing step-by-step movement keeps in objective table and its temporary storage method
CN109720671A (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-05-07 索菲亚家居湖北有限公司 It has furniture made to order the automatic packaging production line and its control method of plate

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07315573A (en) * 1994-05-26 1995-12-05 Okura Yusoki Co Ltd Picking device
EP2141095A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2010-01-06 MULTIVAC Sepp Haggenmüller GmbH & Co KG Packaging machine with a gripper system
CN201385941Y (en) * 2008-12-26 2010-01-20 上海人造板机器厂有限公司 Plate corner elevation-type conveyer
JP2014005149A (en) * 2012-05-29 2014-01-16 Nippon Kyodo Kikaku Kk Automatic sorting method and device for fruit vegetable and fruit vegetable carrier
CN104340662A (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-02-11 沃格自动化科技(无锡)有限公司 Floor turnover machine
CN104925531A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-09-23 四川大学 Full-automatic truck loading and brick stacking machine
CN105293066A (en) * 2015-08-14 2016-02-03 江苏力维物流机械有限公司 Sucker type automatic side feeding and discharging machine
CN205257493U (en) * 2015-12-05 2016-05-25 青岛凯智达智能装备有限公司 Gantry type stacking machine
CN107918030A (en) * 2016-10-07 2018-04-17 豪夫迈·罗氏有限公司 Sample container processing unit
CN107117465A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-09-01 潍坊奥腾冷弯机械有限公司 Rotary stacking machine
CN107878820A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-06 中山市器美机器人科技有限公司 Packaging bag intelligently divides pile u-turn stack device and automatic packaging production line automatically
CN207632033U (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-07-20 宿迁福康鑫木业有限公司 A kind of turning plate changes face conveying device
CN109051702A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-12-21 衢州市川特电子科技有限公司 A kind of automatic sensing step-by-step movement keeps in objective table and its temporary storage method
CN109720671A (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-05-07 索菲亚家居湖北有限公司 It has furniture made to order the automatic packaging production line and its control method of plate

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
梁军: "《仓库管理》", 30 December 2009 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110921299B (en) 2021-08-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN107089518B (en) Apparatus for transferring a preformed layer of articles to the top of a tray
JPH0825632B2 (en) Machine for forming packages into stacks
JPH06100166A (en) Method for placing pack of sheet paper or book on pallet
US4439097A (en) Separator sheet feeder
CN109775286A (en) A kind of loading system and loading method
CN110921299B (en) Floor packaging system
WO2008080179A1 (en) Apparatus for separating plate-shaped objects
CN211055493U (en) Packing grabbing module for floor packing
CN211139803U (en) Packaging and conveying unit for floor packaging
CN204896820U (en) Automatic pile up neatly device
CN210854388U (en) Automatic unstacker of bagged material package
CN108688875A (en) Cage guide is packaged production line
EP2432717A1 (en) A palletizer and a method of palletizing items
CN210971720U (en) Packing jacking module for floor packing
CN210971715U (en) Stacking module for floor packaging
CN210971731U (en) Turnover module for floor packaging
CN210971730U (en) Collecting module for floor packaging
CN110758819A (en) Floor is packing conveying unit for packing
CN212099526U (en) Carton counting and sorting device and carton sorting and packaging production line applying same
CN113371470A (en) High-speed full-automatic double-station plastic bottle unstacker
CN210456624U (en) Stacking system
CN212291988U (en) Automatic order device of breaking a jam of material package
CN210558049U (en) Mobile palletizing robot system
CN110758822A (en) Package jacking module for floor packaging
CN214114225U (en) Feeding machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant