CN104925531B - A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine - Google Patents

A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104925531B
CN104925531B CN201510304478.8A CN201510304478A CN104925531B CN 104925531 B CN104925531 B CN 104925531B CN 201510304478 A CN201510304478 A CN 201510304478A CN 104925531 B CN104925531 B CN 104925531B
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China
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brick
device
upper
platform
conveyer
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CN201510304478.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104925531A (en
Inventor
熊瑞平
党磊
唐静莹
孙飞
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四川大学
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Publication of CN104925531A publication Critical patent/CN104925531A/en
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Publication of CN104925531B publication Critical patent/CN104925531B/en

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Abstract

A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine, by unloading brick device, conveyer, pull rod device, push plate device, the most of composition of upper brick device and control system etc. six.The brick device that unloads is used to successively unload the finished product piled bricks on kiln car, and carries it to conveyer;The conveyer is used to the finished bricks after unloading being sent to the retaining device arranged with its ending vertical and pull rod device, and the retaining device plays isolation and guide effect;Brick layer can be pulled on the apparatus platform by the pull rod device, and brick layer is pushed into upper brick device by means of the push plate device of the device side, and the gap of brick layer in machine and transverse direction can be eliminated by the compound action of pull rod device and push plate device;The upper brick device of pull rod device opposite side arrangement can push to finished bricks on lorry.The brick stacking machine replaces manual handling using mechanical handing, substantially increases production efficiency, alleviates labor strength.

Description

A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine

Technical field

It is more particularly to a kind of to sinter the finished bricks carrying transported after completion through kiln car the present invention relates to brickmaking mechanical field To compartment or the Full automatic loading brick stacking machine of shipping platform.

Background technology

Finished bricks after the completion of sintering after cave dwelling transports, need to typically be removed through kiln car to boxcar transport or remove into Product storehouse and open field etc. are to be vended.It is main at present to be carried using artificial for the brick production line of general scale, i.e., it is logical Manpower is crossed to remove fragment of brick to lorry.Not only efficiency is low for such working method, and because of expense caused by manpower transport It is of a relatively high.Under the remuneration of great number, due to the severe and prolonged heavy physical labour of working environment, it is ready to be engaged in this The worker for carrying work also gradually decreases.And for slightly large-scale brick production line, mainly using mechanical handing.It is removed Fortune mode is roughly divided into two kinds, and one kind is holds formula, as described in patent 201220701860.4, the device mainly by support frame, Transmission mechanism and power source etc. form.Two clamps are made by the motion of power source drive transmission mechanism and oil cylinder, so as to real The handling process of ready-made article brick.Another handling device uses pipelining mode, as described in patent 201310547284.1, The device after kiln car successively unloads brick, is then carried out the finished bricks after kiln discharge by pusher, neat brick device by de-hackers Horizontal and vertical gathering, then be grouped finished bricks stacking via multistage delivery platform, whole pile fragment of brick is finally carried out by stacking machine Handling process.Handling device described in the patent of the above two can realize the carrying of finished bricks to a certain extent, but be more preferable Piled bricks is eliminated from cave dwelling to transport gap between rear brick and brick and solve that the efficiency of brick layer in the handling process is low and continuity is poor The problems such as, there is an urgent need to invent a kind of more rational entrucking brick stacking device.

The content of the invention

The invention provides a kind of structure is relatively easy, easy to operate accurate and of a relatively high operating efficiency full-automatic dress Car brick stacking machine, it is intended to carried using automation and replace artificial carrying, to reach raising production efficiency and reduce worker's work by force The purpose of degree.

Scheme is used by the present invention solves its technical problem:A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine, by unloading brick device, pass Send device, pull rod device, push plate device, the most of composition of upper brick device and control system etc. six;The brick device that unloads is used for The finished product piled bricks on kiln car is successively unloaded, and finished product piled bricks is transported on conveyer;The conveyer is used for will unloading Brick layer afterwards be sent to conveyer ending vertical arrangement retaining device and pull rod device, the retaining device rise isolation and Guide effect;Brick layer can be pulled on the apparatus platform by the pull rod device, and by means of the push plate device of pull rod device side Brick layer is pushed into upper brick device, brick layer can be eliminated in machine and transverse direction by the compound action of pull rod device and push plate device Gap;The upper brick device of pull rod device opposite side arrangement can push to brick layer on boxcar.

It is described to unload brick device mainly by elevating mechanism, walking mechanism, rotating mechanism, gripping body and fixed supporting frame etc. Composition, the gripping body is using lever gripping mode, and the mechanism is mainly by slender axles, small-sized gripping oil cylinder, dividing plate, outer end The composition such as lever and gripping plate, when its piston rod movement of small-sized oil cylinder pushing on gripping body, slender axles will be driven to stretch out, In the presence of the lever of outer end, another piece slender axles counter motion adjacent with the slender axles, so as to drive, to be fixed on two elongated Gripping plate on axle is mutually drawn close and grips fragment of brick.

The conveyer belt of the conveyer is flight conveyor, and using intermittent drive, conveyer end is provided with gear Trigger structure;The baffle mechanism is mainly by groups such as front end automatic damper, rear end fixed dam, baffle plate frame and small-sized telescopic oil cylinders Into;The front end automatic damper is connected by hawser with small-sized telescopic oil cylinder piston rod, and in the presence of control system, stretch oil Cylinder piston rod is flexible to drive the lifting of front end automatic damper, and the rear end fixed dam is fixedly mounted in the groove of baffle plate frame;The gear On the one hand trigger structure is used to separate brick layer, on the other hand drawn to deliver to hold in brick layer and play the guiding role in brick platform process and can be same When prevent fragment of brick from dropping to ground.

Described pull rod device mainly by crossbeam, hold brick platform, pull oil cylinder, arm-tie etc. and form;It is described to pull oil cylinder use Hang cylinder barrel seat is fixed on cross rail inner, and the arm-tie is connected with pulling the piston rod of oil cylinder;By the motion for pulling cylinder piston rod Brick layer on conveyer can be pulled into pull rod device to hold on brick platform, and eliminate brick layer in gap in the vertical.

The push plate device is mainly made up of push pedal, implementation oil cylinder and floor stand etc., and the implementation oil cylinder is arranged on Floor stand centre position, under control system effect, carry out that cylinder piston rod is flexible can to promote push pedal to travel forward or backward Motion, so as to which brick layer is pushed on upper brick platform, and eliminates the gap of brick layer in the horizontal.

The upper brick device is mainly by upper brick platform, transverse conveying mechanism, longitudinal translating device associated, platform supports frame, lifting Support rails etc. form;Brick layer on upper brick platform can be transported to lorry by the transverse conveying mechanism and longitudinal translating device associated On, and brick layer is pushed on lorry in the presence of unidirectional baffle plate on transverse conveying mechanism.

The upper brick platform short side both sides are symmetrically welded with small-sized guide rail, and block is provided with small-sized guide rail, can be by upper brick Platform is in the guide rail of transverse conveying mechanism.

The transverse conveying mechanism is drawer type conveying mechanism, and using two-stage telescopic guide, i.e. I levels guide rail and II levels is led Rail, upper brick platform can be transported to by boxcar top position by the transverse conveying mechanism;Installation in the I levels guide groove Roller and block can be such that the small-sized guide rail on brick platform is moved in the I levels guide rail;Also install the II levels guide rail bottom side There is roller, be also provided with rectangle cup head groove on the upside of the II levels guide rail, can be made on I level guide rails by roller and rectangle cup head groove Straight pin moves in rectangle cup head groove, and ensures not produce with II levels guide rail when I levels guide rail moves in II level guide rails simultaneously Raw excessive sliding friction.

Lifting bearing support is installed, the roller of lifting bearing support both sides arrangement can make lifting branch in the longitudinal translating device associated Bolster rolls in the groove of lifting support rails, has been arranged symmetrically sprocket wheel in the middle part of lifting bearing support, the chain one coordinated with sprocket wheel End is connected with II level guide rail outer walls, and the other end is connected with transverse bar fixed on lifting support rails, whole longitudinal translating device associated Lifting driven by longitudinal oil cylinder for being arranged symmetrically.

The platform supports frame upper end centre position is equipped with row oil cylinder, for promoting upper brick platform transverse movement, platform Bearing support lower end is connected with longitudinal cylinder piston rod, and longitudinal cylinder piston rod promotes platform supports frame to rise and just drives upper brick platform Rise.Stay wire displacement sensor is installed on the transverse bar of the lifting support rails, the stay wire displacement sensor bracing wire with Suspension ring on lifting bearing support are connected, and fuselage is connected with transverse bar, and when longitudinal translating device associated lifts, stay wire displacement sensor leads to The displacement for crossing detection longitudinal translating device associated lifting controls the collapsing length of longitudinal cylinder piston rod, so as to controlling upper brick platform Adjustable height.

The control system of the Full automatic loading brick stacking machine uses PLC to realize Full automatic loading brick stacking machine for control core Motion control, realize from the sequential control for unloading brick device to upper brick device.The major control function of control system includes:Control Unload walking, lifting and the gripping action of brick device;Realize the intermittent movement of conveyer;Control the drawing row of pulling device and return Return;Control the implementation and return and the transverse movement of upper brick device and lengthwise movement etc. of push plate device.

The present invention uses above-mentioned technical scheme, has following beneficial effect:The present invention realize piled bricks from kiln car to The integrated automatic transporting process of lorry, worker's manual handling process is replaced by Fully-mechanized equipment, on the one hand significantly Operating efficiency and productivity are improved, on the other hand reduces production cost and the labor intensity of worker.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is overall structure axonometric drawing of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the front view for unloading brick device.

Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 axonometric drawing.

Fig. 4 is the front view for unloading brick device gripping body.

Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of Fig. 4 partial views.

Fig. 6 is the axonometric drawing of conveyer and plate pulling device.

Fig. 7 is push plate device axonometric drawing.

Fig. 8 is upper brick device axonometric drawing.

Fig. 9 is the axonometric drawing under Fig. 8 working conditions.

Figure 10 is Fig. 9 partial view.

In figure, 1, unload brick device, 2, conveyer, 3, pull rod device, 4, push plate device, 5, upper brick device, 6, lorry, 7, Finished product piled bricks, 8, kiln car, 9, kiln car guide rail, 11, elevating mechanism, 12, walking mechanism, 13, rotating mechanism, 14, gripping body, 15th, fixed supporting frame, 1101, upper plate, 1102, hoist cylinder, 1103, elevating lever, 1201, walker, 1202, driven pulley Group, 1203, active wheels, 1204, straight trip gear pair, 1301, rotation gear pair, 1302, swivel mount, 1303, circular bottom plate, 1401st, frame is gripped, 1402, slender axles, 1403, small-sized gripping oil cylinder, 1404, outer end lever, 1405, dividing plate, 1406, gripping Plate, 21, front end automatic damper, 22, rear end fixed dam, 23, baffle plate frame, 24, small-sized telescopic oil cylinder, 2101, suspension ring, 2102, Hawser, 2103, pulley, 31, crossbeam, 32 pull oil cylinder, 33, arm-tie, 34, hold brick platform, 41, push pedal, 42, carry out oil cylinder, 43, Floor stand, 51, upper brick platform, 52, transverse conveying mechanism, 53, longitudinal translating device associated, 54, platform supports frame, 55, lifting branch Hold guide rail, 5101, small-sized slot rails, 5201, I level guide rails, 5202, II level guide rails, 5203, unidirectional baffle plate, 5301, lifting branch Bolster, 5302, bearing support roller, 5303, sprocket wheel, 5304, chain, 5305, longitudinal oil cylinder, 5401, row oil cylinder, 5501, horizontal To bar, 5502, stay wire displacement sensor, 5503, draw ring, 5504, bearing plate.

Embodiment

In conjunction with brief description of the drawings 1~10 and embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.

A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine is mainly by unloading brick device 1, conveyer 2, pull rod device 3, the and of push plate device 4 The upper grade of brick device 5 composition, the brick stacking machine use PLC control cores.

Described unload is provided with brick device 1:Elevating mechanism 11, walking mechanism 12, rotating mechanism 13, gripping body 14 and Fixed supporting frame 15.The upper plate 1101 of the elevating mechanism 11 is fixed with the piston rod top of hoist cylinder 1102 with bolt, The cylinder barrel bottom of hoist cylinder 1102 and the lower shoe of walker 1201 of walking mechanism 12 are fixed with bolt, and upper plate 1101 is also The elevating lever 1103 being socketed with rotating mechanism 13 is installed.The bottom of elevating lever 1103 and the circular bottom plate of rotating mechanism 13 1303 are fixed with bolt.When control system controls 1102 piston rod movement of hoist cylinder, elevating lever 1103 will be driven to lift, from And it can put down or lift rotating mechanism 13 and gripping body 14.

Walker 1201 and two pairs of road wheels, i.e. driven wheels 1202 and active wheels are installed in the walking mechanism 12 1203.The driven wheels 1202 and active wheels 1203 are attached by axle and walker 1201, the active wheels 1203 with straight trip gear pair 1204 gear wheel by key connection on same axis, so as to ensure active wheels 1203 and straight trip The gear wheel of gear pair 1204 it is circumferentially fixed.When control system controlled motor starts and drives the little gear of straight trip gear pair 1204 During rotation, according to the characteristics of motion of gear, the gear wheel of gear pair 1204 of keeping straight on can be with pinion rotation, now active wheels 1201 roll forward or backward along the walking guide rail track on fixed supporting frame 15.

Rotation gear pair 1301, swivel mount 1302 and circular bottom plate 1303, the rotation are disposed with the rotating mechanism 13 The little gear upper end of rotating disk pair 1301 is equipped with motor, and gear wheel upper surface is fixed with circular bottom plate 1303, lower surface with The gripping frame 1401 of gripping body is fixed.The swivel mount 1302 is arranged on the inner side of circular bottom plate 1303, the bottom side of swivel mount 1302 Gear wheel with rotating gear pair 1301 is fixed, and roller is provided with swivel mount 1302, and the roller on swivel mount 1302 can make Gripping body 14 is hung on rotating mechanism 13.When the unlatching of control system controlled motor is dynamic and drives pinion rotation, according to tooth The characteristics of motion of wheel, when circular bottom plate 1303 is fixed, swivel mount 1302 and the gripping body 14 positioned at its bottom side make dead axle Revolution.

The gripping body 14 by gripping frame 1401, slender axles 1402, small-sized gripping oil cylinder 1403, outer end lever 1404, Dividing plate 1405 and gripping plate 1406 form.It is described to grip the nine grids that frame 1401 is 3 × 3, it is provided with rectangle semicircle on its longitudinal beam Head sulculus, is disposed with 18 slender axles 1402 in groove altogether, corresponds to nine small-sized gripping oil cylinders 1403 respectively.The slender axles 1402 one end are connected with the small-sized piston of gripping oil cylinder 1403, same one end and the outer end lever of the other end and adjacent elongated axle 1402 1404 are connected, and the small-sized cylinder barrel of gripping oil cylinder 1403 is arranged on dividing plate 1405, and the dividing plate 1405 is used to isolating adjacent elongated Axle 1402.Every lattice of gripping frame 1401 are disposed with three slender axles 1402 and three small-sized gripping oil cylinders 1403, slender axles 1402 On be fixed with gripping plate 1406.Six axis holes are provided with the gripping plate 1406, may pass through the adjacent slender axles 1402 of the six roots of sensation.Often 20 a pair of gripping plates 1406 can be fixed with adjacent six roots of sensation slender axles 1402, wherein the gripping plate 1406 per lattice both ends is distinguished It is fixed on the inside of longitudinal beam with gripping frame 1401.The outer end lever 1404 is fixed on gripping frame 1401 edge, works as control system When controlling the small-sized piston rod of gripping oil cylinder 1403 stretching, the slender axles 1402 being connected with piston rod also stretch out therewith, in outer end thick stick In the presence of bar 1404, adjacent slender axles 1402 move towards opposite direction so that be separately fixed at adjacent two it is elongated Gripping plate 1406 on axle 1402 is mutually drawn close, and fragment of brick is gripped with this.

Walking guide rail is disposed with the fixed supporting frame 15, walking guide rail end is equipped with block and limit switch, to prevent Only walking mechanism motion goes beyond the scope.

In summary unload brick device 1, its operating principle is preferably:Walking mechanism 12 move to finished product piled bricks 7 just on Orientation postpones, and elevating mechanism 11 declines, and the decline of gripping plate 1406 of gripping body 14 is inserted into rear stopping between brickwork joint, starts small-sized folder Take oil cylinder 1403 gripping body 14 is gripped fragment of brick, then drive elevating mechanism 11 to rise;Height is specified when elevating mechanism 11 rises to Stop after degree, then drive walking mechanism 12 to be moved towards the direction of conveyer 2.When walking mechanism 12 moves to the lower section of conveyer 2 After stop, starting elevating mechanism 11 and drop to the top specified location of conveyer 2, unclamp gripping plate 1406, brick layer is transferred to On conveyer 2, then lift clamp device 14, start conveyer 2 and start to transmit, so far complete one and unload brick action, entirely Action is completed by control system sequential control.It should be noted that because the stacking direction of brick layer is orthogonal for adjacent upper and lower two layers 90, therefore, after brick action is unloaded in completion one, second is unloaded brick action and need to be rotated 90 twice to rotating mechanism 13, that is, is pressed from both sides Brick and 90 are rotated respectively when unloading brick, with brick layer and the previous brick layer for unloading brick action decentralization for ensureing to transfer on conveyer 2 With identical direction.

The conveyer 2 is flight conveyor, is driven using intermittent mode, and the inside of conveyer 2 is equipped with relay, uses To control the intermittent startup of conveyer belt and stopping.In the presence of control system, brick layer transfers to biography via brick device 1 is unloaded After sending device 2, the brick layer can travel forward with the conveyer belt of conveyer 2, and brick layer moves a segment distance, encounters baffle mechanism Stop after rear end fixed dam 22.The baffle mechanism is arranged on the terminal position of conveyer 2, mainly by front end automatic damper 21st, rear end fixed dam 22, baffle plate frame 23 and small-sized telescopic oil cylinder 24 are formed, and the baffle plate of rectangle is provided with the baffle plate frame 23 Groove, front end automatic damper 21 and rear end fixed dam 22 are inserted in the rectangular channel of respective baffle plate frame 23;The front end automatic damper 21 are provided with suspension ring 2101, and suspension ring 2101 are connected by hawser 2102 with the small-sized piston rod of telescopic oil cylinder 24, the hawser 2102 Hang on the pulley 2103 on the baffle plate frame of front end automatic damper 21 and another pulley of the lower section of baffle plate frame 23.When conveyer belt is by brick layer After being transported to specified location stopping, under control system effect, the small-sized piston rod of telescopic oil cylinder 24, which stretches out, puts down automatic damper. The one side of automatic damper 21 can be used for isolating brick layer, on the other hand can play guide effect when pull rod device 3 pulls brick layer. Rear end fixed dam 22 can prevent fragment of brick from dropping by manually baffle plate is inserted in baffle plate rectangular channel.

The inner side of crossbeam 31 of the pull rod device 3 is fixed with hang cylinder barrel seat pulls oil cylinder 32, the work for pulling oil cylinder 32 Stopper rod top is connected by screw bolts with arm-tie 33.The pull rod device 3 can will be located at front end automatic damper 21 and rear end fixed dam Brick layer between 22, which is pulled to, holds on brick platform 34, and eliminates the gap of brick layer in the vertical.

The push plate device 4 is made up of push pedal 41, implementation oil cylinder 42 and floor stand 43.Carry out oil cylinder 42 to be fixed on The centre position of floor stand 43, can promote push pedal 41 to travel forward, and brick layer is pushed on upper brick platform 51, while eliminate brick The gap of layer in the horizontal.

The upper brick device 5 is mainly by upper brick platform 51, transverse conveying mechanism 52, longitudinal translating device associated 53, platform supports The compositions such as frame 54, lifting support rails 55.

The short side both sides of upper brick platform 51 are symmetrically fixed with a small-sized slot rails 5101, in small-sized slot rails 1501 Side is provided with block, can respectively with the inner side block routing motion of I levels guide rail 5201 on both sides transverse conveying mechanism 52.

Described transverse conveying mechanism 52 is drawer type conveying mechanism, using two-stage telescopic guide.The two-stage is stretched Formula guide rail is divided into I levels guide rail 5201 and II levels guide rail 5202, and the I levels guide rail 5201 is in II levels guide rail 5202, the II The level bottom of guide rail 5202 is fixed together with platform supports frame 54.And the upside outer wall of I levels guide rail 5201 is equipped with straight pin, I The inner side of level guide rail 5201 has been evenly arranged roller and block, can ensure small-sized slot rails 5101 by the effect of roller and block Rolled in I levels guide rail 5201;The downside of II levels guide rail 5202 is provided with rectangle sulculus, and rectangle sulculus is embedded with roller, and the roller can It is in contact with the outer wall of I levels guide rail 5201 through rectangle sulculus, sliding friction during two-stage guide rail relative motion is reduced with this.This Outside, the upside of II levels guide rail 5202 is provided with rectangle cup head vat, and the straight pin on I levels guide rail 5202 can be made to determine in the vat Distance is slided.When the block in small-sized slot rails 5101 is protruding encounters the block of the inner side of I levels guide rail 5201, will drive I levels are led 5201 also protruding, and the straight pin on I levels guide rail 5201 is slided into up to vat out of II levels guide rail 5202 vat Stop behind end, it is achieved thereby that the two-stage conveying of lateral transfer guide rail.

It is pointed out that the two symmetrical upper edges of II levels guide rail 5202 have also bridged unidirectional baffle plate 5203, the list Block is installed to the side of baffle plate 5203, baffle plate is fixed on the upper top position of brick platform 51 by damper shaft.When upper brick platform 51 In impulse stroke, i.e., when the brick layer on upper brick platform 51 is transported to lorry 6, the unidirectional rotation direction of baffle plate 5203 and brick layer motion side To consistent, therefore do not play barrier effect;And when upper brick platform 51 is in backstroke, i.e., the unidirectional rotation direction of baffle plate 5203 and brick layer When the direction of motion is opposite, block can prevent baffle plate from being rotated further, and be returned so as to stop brick layer to follow the return of upper brick platform 51, And brick layer is pushed on the compartment of lorry 8 by rows.

Lifting bearing support 5301 is installed, lifting bearing support 5301 both sides are provided with supporting in the longitudinal translating device associated 53 Frame roller 5302, by bearing support roller 5302 lifting bearing support 5301 can be made to be rolled in the groove of lifting support rails 55.Rise The middle part of descending branch bolster 5301 has been arranged symmetrically sprocket wheel 5303, with one end of chain 5304 that sprocket wheel 5303 coordinates and II levels guide rail 5202 Outer wall is connected, and the other end is connected with transverse bar 5501 fixed on lifting support rails 55, when control system controls longitudinal oil cylinder When 5305 piston rods stretch, the piston rod of longitudinal oil cylinder 5305 will promote lifting support frame 5301 to lift, the chain that one end is fixed 5304 can drive the lifting of II levels guide rail 5,202 1 under sprocket wheel effect, so as to realize the conveying of upper brick platform 51 in the vertical.

The row oil cylinder 5401 of the upper end centre position of platform supports frame 54 installation, for upper brick platform 51 support and Effect is laterally urged, the upper end of platform supports frame 54 is connected with the outer wall of II levels guide rail 5202, can be with the lifting of longitudinal translating device associated 53 Move together.

Fixed transverse bar 5501 is provided with stay wire displacement sensor 5502 on the lifting support rails 55, for determining The adjustable height of upper brick platform.The bracing wire of the stay wire displacement sensor 5502 and the phase of draw ring 5503 on lifting bearing support 5301 Even, fuselage is connected with transverse bar 5501.When longitudinal translating device associated 53 lifts, stay wire displacement sensor 5502 is by detecting longitudinal direction The collapsing length of the piston rod of Bit andits control longitudinal direction oil cylinder 5305 of conveying mechanism 53, so as to control the lifting of upper brick platform 51 high Degree.Groove profile is made in lifting support rails 55 vertical beam both sides, and longitudinal translating device associated 51 and the roller of platform bearing support 54 can be made to exist Lifting is rolled in groove.Side is equipped with bearing plate 5504, can be by platform supports frame 54 when upper brick device 5 is in off working state It is placed on bearing plate 5504.

Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited only to above-mentioned reality Example is applied, all technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine, it is characterised in that:The brick stacking machine is by unloading brick device(1), conveyer(2), pull bar Device(3), push plate device(4), upper brick device(5)And the most of composition of control system six;It is described to unload brick device(1)For by Layer unloading kiln car(8)On finished product piled bricks(7), and carry it to conveyer(2)On;The conveyer(2)For passing Send the brick layer transferred on the device, conveyer(2)End is disposed with the baffle mechanism vertical with direction of transfer and pull bar dress Put(3), wherein baffle mechanism play isolation and guide effect;The pull rod device(3)Brick layer can be pulled on the apparatus platform, And by means of the push plate device of the device side(4)Brick layer is pushed into upper brick device(5), pass through pull rod device(3)And push pedal Device(4)Compound action can eliminate the gap of brick layer in machine and transverse direction;Pull rod device(3)Opposite side is disposed with brick dress Put(5), finished bricks can be pushed to lorry(6)On;
    The conveyer(2)Using intermittent drive, baffle mechanism, the baffle mechanism are being provided with along brick layer direction of motion end Mainly by front end automatic damper(21), rear end fixed dam(22)With baffle plate frame(23)Composition, it on the one hand can be used for separating brick layer, On the other hand it is used for brick layer and holds brick platform being delivered to by drawing(34)During guiding and prevent fragment of brick from dropping to ground;
    Described pull rod device(3)By crossbeam(31), pull oil cylinder(32), arm-tie(33), hold brick platform(34)Composition, for inciting somebody to action Conveyer(2)On brick layer be pulled to pull rod device(3)Hold brick platform(34)On, and brick layer is simultaneously eliminated in the vertical Gap;
    The push plate device(4)By push pedal(41), carry out oil cylinder(42)And floor stand(43)Composition, carry out oil cylinder(42)Gu It is scheduled in floor stand(43)Centre position, push pedal can be promoted(41)Travel forward, brick layer is pushed into upper brick device(5)It is upper Brick platform(51)On, and the gap of brick layer in the horizontal is eliminated simultaneously;
    The upper brick device(5)By upper brick platform(51), transverse conveying mechanism(52), longitudinal translating device associated(53), platform supports Frame(54), lifting support rails(55)Composition;The transverse conveying mechanism(52)And longitudinal translating device associated(53)Upper brick can be put down Platform(51)On brick layer be transported on lorry, and in transverse conveying mechanism(52)Upper unidirectional baffle plate(5203)In the presence of, by brick Layer is pushed into lorry(6)On;The transverse conveying mechanism(52)For drawer type conveying mechanism, using two-stage telescopic guide, i.e. I levels Guide rail(5201)With II level guide rails(5202), pass through the transverse conveying mechanism(52)Can be by upper brick platform(51)It is transported to lorry (6)Top;The I levels guide rail(5201)Roller and block are installed in groove, can coordinate with the small-sized guide rail on upper brick platform and transport It is dynamic;The II levels guide rail(5202)Bottom side is provided with roller, and the groove of rectangle cup head is also provided with the upside of the guide rail, by roller and Rectangle cup head groove can be such that the straight pin on I level guide rails is moved in rectangle cup head groove and ensure I level guide rails simultaneously(5201) In II level guide rails(5202)During interior motion not with II level guide rails(5202)Produce excessive sliding friction.
  2. 2. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The longitudinal translating device associated(53)On set There is lifting bearing support(5301), the lifting bearing support roller of its both sides arrangement(5302)Can be in lifting support rails(55)Groove in Roll, lift bearing support(5301)Middle part has been arranged symmetrically sprocket wheel(5303), matched chain(5304)One end and II levels Guide rail(5202)Outer wall is connected, the other end and lifting support rails(55)The transverse bar of upper fixation(5501)It is connected, whole longitudinal direction Conveying mechanism(53)By longitudinal oil cylinder of longitudinally asymmetric arrangement(5305)Promote.
  3. 3. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The platform supports frame(54)In upper end Between position row oil cylinder is housed(5401), for promoting upper brick platform(51)Make transverse movement.
  4. 4. Full automatic loading brick stacking machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lifting support rails(55)Horizontal stroke To bar(5501)On stay wire displacement sensor is installed(5502), the stay wire displacement sensor(5502)Bracing wire supports with lifting Suspension ring on frame(5503)It is connected, fuselage and transverse bar(5504)It is connected, works as longitudinal translating device associated(53)During lifting, bracing wire displacement Sensor(5502)By detecting longitudinal translating device associated(53)Displacement control longitudinal oil cylinder(5305)The flexible length of piston rod Degree, so as to control the adjustable height of upper brick platform.
CN201510304478.8A 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 A kind of Full automatic loading brick stacking machine CN104925531B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104925531B true CN104925531B (en) 2017-11-14

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