CN104719222A - Tor brevifilis, grass carp, chub and freshwater shrimp mixed aquaculture method - Google Patents

Tor brevifilis, grass carp, chub and freshwater shrimp mixed aquaculture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104719222A
CN104719222A CN201510169017.4A CN201510169017A CN104719222A CN 104719222 A CN104719222 A CN 104719222A CN 201510169017 A CN201510169017 A CN 201510169017A CN 104719222 A CN104719222 A CN 104719222A
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water
fish
feed
pellet
freshwater shrimp
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CN104719222B (en
Inventor
周洵
章星明
李正荣
俞爱萍
凌跃进
陈冬林
沈蓓杰
魏泽能
柴继芳
胡伟
周自年
杨丽丽
汪端慧
张艳
王骏俊
周春芳
王盛
王建飞
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Anhui copper grass flower Modern Agriculture Technology Co., Ltd.
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Jin Dong Mill Ningguo City Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/63Compounds containing para-N-benzenesulfonyl-N-groups, e.g. sulfanilamide, p-nitrobenzenesulfonyl hydrazide
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/66Phosphorus compounds
    • A61K31/662Phosphorus acids or esters thereof having P—C bonds, e.g. foscarnet, trichlorfon
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/19Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)
    • A61K36/195Strobilanthes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/31Brassicaceae or Cruciferae (Mustard family), e.g. broccoli, cabbage or kohlrabi
    • A61K36/315Isatis, e.g. Dyer's woad
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/48Fabaceae or Leguminosae (Pea or Legume family); Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/68Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family)
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a tor brevifilis, grass carp, chub and freshwater shrimp mixed aquaculture method. The tor brevifilis, grass carp, chub and freshwater shrimp mixed aquaculture method includes the following steps: A, carrying out fishpond disinfection and water enriching; B, breeding fries, wherein 0.45 kg to 0.55 kg of young freshwater shrimps with the body lengths ranging from 1.5 cm to 2.5 cm and 55 to 65 chubs with the sizes ranging from 240 g to 260 g are bred in the beginning of February, 350 to 400 grass carps with the sizes ranging from 300 g to 500 g are bred in mid-March, and 1700 to 1900 young tor brevifilises with the body lengths ranging from 3 cm to 4 cm are bred in mid-May; C, managing feeding, wherein fed feed includes the granulated feed and the green feed, the everyday feeding amount of the granulated feed is 2.5% to 3.5% of the weight of all the fishes, the everyday feeding amount of the green feed is 24% to 26% of the weight of the grass carps, feeding is carried out two times a day, 25% to 35% of the everyday feeding amount is fed at eight o'clock in the morning, and the left feed is fed at five o'clock at nightfall; D, managing the water quality; E, preventing fish diseases.

Description

A kind of lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to a kind of lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method.
Background technology
Lobe knot fish belongs to Osteichthyes, Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae, Barbinae, and fish belongs to knot, lobe knot fish subgenus.Be commonly called as: Kazakhstan department, heavy mouth, Ma Zui, cured huge.Lobe knot fish is the middle lower floor fish moved in limpid flowing water, and build is streamlined, head point, and fin is good for, and do good one of fish of swimming.It passes through through being everlasting between water-bed stone riprap, sucks at the bottom of river and on stone face with tubaeform retractile large mouth, with the fragment of benthic mollusc, aquatic insect and larva thereof, plant and thread algae for food.Lobe ties fish, and it is Fresh & Tender in Texture, be people institute eating, and fat content is high, and growth is very fast, has higher Fishery value.
Grass carp belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp and belongs to, and inhabits the rivers and lakes of flat area, and general happiness occupy middle lower floor and offshore many pasture and water region of water.Property active, swimming rapidly, often hunts in packs.For typical herbivorous fishes.The young grass carps phase then eats larva, algae etc., and grass carp also eats of animal food, as earthworm, and dragonfly etc.Because its growth is rapid, feed resource is wide, is one of four large Chinese carps of CHINESE FRESHWATER cultivation.
Silver carp is the large-scale fresh-water fishes of artificial feeding, and growth is fast, disease is few, output is high, and many and grass carp, carp are raised together with, and it is Fresh & Tender in Texture, nutritious, is one of excellent fingerling that comparatively should cultivate.For one of cultured freshwater fish that China is main.Silver carp belongs to fish at the middle and upper levels.Silver carp is typical filter-feeding fish, by the plankton in the special construction leaching water of the cheek.Silver carp is food throughout one's life with plankton, mainly eats zooplankton, transfer to gradually and eat phytoplankton when reaching more than 1.5 centimetres in the fry stage, the chicken of the ight soil of fish and input and happiness pastures, cow dung.Also eat soya-bean milk, okara powder, wheat bran and rice bran etc., more artificial microparticle manufactured feed is eaten in happiness.
Freshwater shrimp is one of Freshwater shrimps that economic worth is very high.Its growth is fast, and individual large, breeding is fast, and vitality is strong, is distributed widely in China's freshwater lake.Freshwater shrimp fine and tender taste is delicious, nutritious, and the edible part of every hectogram is containing protein 16.40g.It belongs to omnivorousness aquatic livestock, and partial eclipse feed of animal origin, propagates artificially based on commercial feed nursing.Like perching the unhurried current place of growing thickly in pasture and water. perch the depth of water from 1-2 rice to 6-7 rice not etc.
Present people often cultivate lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp and freshwater shrimp respectively, not only can not meet the many-sided needs of people, can waste waters and feed again.
Summary of the invention
Based on the technical problem that background technology exists, the present invention proposes a kind of lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, make full use of culture resources, maintain water quality, reduce small fish in fish pond, and enrich the product structure of aquatic livestock, reduce the risk of producing, also substantially increase the availability of feed, increase the output of aquatic livestock.
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond sterilization rich water: fish pond area is 3335-5336m 2, the dark 2m in pond; Behind the Winter Dry pool, remove mud and make silt depth be 15 ± 2cm, after tanning by the sun one week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 5-8cm, then by quicklime water full pool spilling head, the consumption of quicklime is 0.22-0.23kg/m 2; Sterilize after 3 days, drain Chi Shui, then water inlet 60-65 order screen cloth is filtered, after being filled to depth of water 78-83cm, use fertilizer for fish feed aqua rich water;
B, put seed in a suitable place to breed: rich water started to put seed in a suitable place to breed after 1 week, choose physique stalwartness, the seed that anosis without wound, limbs are complete, seed needs before putting in a suitable place to breed to be the saline solution immersion 3-5min of 3-5wt% with mass fraction; Wherein put in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 2 months body long for 1.5-2.5cm freshwater shrimp 0.45-0.55kg and 55-65 tail specification be the silver carp of 240-260g/ tail, mid-March, stocking size was the 350-400 tail of 300-500g/ tail, and putting body mid-May in a suitable place to breed long is 3-4cm lobe knot fry 1700-1900 tail;
C, management of throwing something and feeding: the feed of throwing something and feeding comprises pellet and green fodder; Wherein feeding volume is the 2.5-3.5% of all fish body weight pellet day, green fodder day feeding volume be the 24-26% of grass carp body weight; Throw something and feed and to be undertaken by " four fixed ", " four see " principle, throw something and feed every day 2 times, throw something and feed morning 8 25-35% of day feeding volume, 5 selects remaining bait of throwing something and feeding at dusk;
D, water quality management: every 15 days with lime disinfection, the consumption of quicklime is 22-23g/m 2; From April, within every 10 days, add water 1 time, make water level raise 15cm at every turn; From July, within every 3 days, change water 1 time, extract the water of in fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and add new water; From late June, every day opens aerator;
E, fish disease are prevented: after fishing chlorophos is pressed into dough, admix in wheat bran with water, mix after drying in pellet, respectively throw something and feed 1 time in May and June, throw something and feed continuously 3 days at every turn; After Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb chopping are boiled, then add sweet potato powder and continue to be cooked into batter, pulverize after cooling, then add after sulphaguanidine mixes, admix in pellet, 7,8, every 10 days of September threw something and fed 1 time, throw something and feed continuously 5 days at every turn.
Fish pond is east-west, periphery is pollution-free source, and smooth at the bottom of pond, substrate is loam, ne-leakage, and is equipped with one, 3 kilowatts of turbine formula aerators, one, 4 cun of water pumps.During sterilization, quicklime should be splashed comprehensively, does not stay dead angle.Farmyard manure rich water can not be directly used during rich water.
Preferably, the protein content of pellet is 38-42wt%.
Preferably, pellet comprises by weight: the rotten 50-60 part of fish, freshwater shrimp 5-10 part, shrimp 10-15 part, water flea 12-15 part, maggot 10-15 part, fermented stalk 30-40 part, fermentation leached tea oil slag 20-25 part, soybean curb residue 10-15 part, peanut protein 10-20 part, corn oil 5-8 part, vitamin A 1.5-1.8 part, vitamin D 30.21-0.25 part, vitamin E 2-3 part, vitamin K 30.05-0.1 part, Cobastab 11.5-2.5 part, Cobastab 20.6-1 part, Cobastab 31.5-1.8 part, Cobastab 120.5-0.8 part, folic acid 0.5-1 part, vitamin C 1.5-3 part, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2-0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4-0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4-0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06-0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3-0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04-0.15 part.
Fish gruel for sticking up the mouth flesh of fish, bar meat eaten by the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil, informal voucher is oppressed clean, add in meat grinder and stir gained.
The preparation method of pellet is: be dry, pulverize by above-mentioned raw materials, and add water after mixing, granulation, drying obtains pellet.
Preferably, in water quality management process, from late June, every day opens aerator, and wherein fine day to be started shooting 2-3h noon, and start shooting morning 3-4h, and start shooting midnight at cloudy day 2-4h.
Preferably, in water quality management process, the pH value of fish pond Chi Shui is 7.5-8.5, and water transparence is 28-32cm.
Preferably, in fish disease prevention process, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and wheat bran is 2.7-3.3:798-802, and the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and pellet is 2.7-3.3:2190-2210.
Preferably, in fish disease prevention process, the weight ratio of Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb, sweet potato powder and sulphaguanidine is 98-102:97-103:99-101:29.5-30.5:1, and the weight ratio of sulphaguanidine and pellet is 1:2650-2700.
The present invention, by fish pond sterilization rich water, removes the residual bait bottom fish pond, ight soil, wild fishes shrimp, plankton, pasture and water, Tibetan mud biology and other benthons are (as shellfish, spiral shell), humus, reduces bottom organics and decomposes oxygen consumption, and can improve water quality, reduces organic fermentation and produces ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, the pernicious gases such as methane, also tan by the sun and utilize ultraviolet to kill various virus, bacterium and parasite etc., reduce pathogeny, create good environment, reduce the incidence of disease of fish, highly basic slaked lime is generated again by quicklime water, and release a large amount of heat, its hydroxide ion can make the pH value of Chi Shui bring up to more than 11 at short notice, thus sterilizing and the object of killing harmful organisms can be reached rapidly further, and slaked lime and carbon dioxide reaction generate calcium carbonate, make the structure that the mud bottom fish pond becomes loose, improve mud aeration condition, accelerate bed mud organic matter decomposition, add the metathesis of calcium, discharge the nitrogen adsorbed by mud, phosphorus, the nutrients such as potassium, make Chi Shui grow fat, and can play the effect of fertilising indirectly, use fertilizer for fish feed aqua rich water, make plankton amount reproduction, can be used as the starter diet of seed, promote that seed puts after-opening feed in a suitable place to breed, adapt to fish pond environment as early as possible, seed adopts mass fraction to be that the saline solution of 3-5wt% soaks before putting in a suitable place to breed, to kill the microorganism of seed body surface, reduces the ill probability of seed, after fishing chlorophos mixes with wheat bran, admix pellet, the ill probability of parasite of seed can be reduced, and Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb and sulphaguanidine coordinate, greatly improve the resistance of seed, thus reach the object of prevention bacteriosis, because silver carp is movable on the upper strata in waters, eat the phytoplanktons such as green alga, grass carp lives in the middle lower floor in waters, take pasture and water as food, lobe knot kind of fish lives lower floor in waters, with benthic mollusc, aquatic insect and larva thereof, the fragment of plant and thread algae are food, freshwater shrimp is the Omnivore of the bottom living in waters, adopt freshwater shrimp, silver carp, grass carp, the mode of lobe knot fry mixed breed, make full use of culture resources, maintain water quality, reduce small fish in fish pond, and enrich the product structure of aquatic livestock, reduce the risk of producing, also substantially increase the availability of feed, increase the output of aquatic livestock.
Pellet adopts animal feed component and manufactured feed component to combine using fish gruel, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea and maggot as animal feed component, meet the eating habit of lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp and freshwater shrimp, and above-mentioned raw materials is insect, shrimps and fish, be high protein and low fat food, meet the nutritional need of seed growth; Using fermented stalk, fermentation leached tea oil slag, soybean curb residue, peanut protein, corn oil, vitamin and mineral matter as manufactured feed component, wherein fermented stalk, fermentation leached tea oil slag, soybean curb residue, peanut protein mixing are as high protein and low fat food, promote seed weightening finish; And the adding of corn oil, vitamin and mineral matter, the vitamin needed for seed growth and mineral matter can be met, prevent seed due to some vitamin and/or microelement deficiencies, cause some enzyme in body to synthesize, thus cause lobe to tie fish and yellow cartfish sick.
Embodiment
Below, by specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond sterilization rich water: fish pond area is 3335m 2, the dark 2m in pond; Behind the Winter Dry pool, remove mud and make silt depth be 17cm, after tanning by the sun one week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 5cm, then by quicklime water full pool spilling head, the consumption of quicklime is 0.23kg/m 2; Sterilize after 3 days, drain Chi Shui, then water inlet 60 order screen cloths are filtered, after being filled to depth of water 83cm, use fertilizer for fish feed aqua rich water;
B, put seed in a suitable place to breed: rich water started to put seed in a suitable place to breed after 1 week, choose physique stalwartness, the seed that anosis without wound, limbs are complete, seed needs before putting in a suitable place to breed to be the saline solution immersion 5min of 3wt% with mass fraction; Wherein put in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 2 months body long for 1.5-2.5cm freshwater shrimp 0.45kg and 65 tail specifications be the silver carp of 240g/ tail, mid-March, stocking size was grass carp 350 tail of 500g/ tail, and putting body mid-May in a suitable place to breed long is 3-4cm lobe knot fry 1900 tail;
C, management of throwing something and feeding: the feed of throwing something and feeding comprises the pellet and green fodder that protein content is 42wt%; Wherein feeding volume is 2.5% of all fish body weight pellet day, green fodder day feeding volume be 26% of grass carp body weight; Throw something and feed and to be undertaken by " four fixed ", " four see " principle, throw something and feed every day 2 times, 25% of day feeding volume of throwing something and feeding morning 8,5 selects remaining bait of throwing something and feeding at dusk;
Pellet comprises by weight: rotten 60 parts of fish, freshwater shrimp 5 parts, shrimp 15 parts, water flea 12 parts, maggot 15 parts, fermented stalk 30 parts, fermentation leached tea oil slag 25 parts, soybean curb residue 10 parts, peanut protein 20 parts, corn oil 5 parts, vitamin A 1.8 parts, vitamin D 30.21 part, vitamin E 3 parts, vitamin K 30.05 part, Cobastab 12.5 parts, Cobastab 20.6 part, Cobastab 31.8 parts, Cobastab 120.5 part, 1 part, folic acid, vitamin C 1.5 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06 part, calcium iodide 0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04 part;
D, water quality management: every 15 days with lime disinfection, the consumption of quicklime is 23g/m 2; From April, within every 10 days, add water 1 time, make water level raise 15cm at every turn; From July, within every 3 days, change water 1 time, extract the water of in fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and add new water; From late June, every day opens aerator, and wherein fine day to be started shooting 3h noon, and start shooting morning 3h, and start shooting midnight at cloudy day 4h; The pH value of fish pond Chi Shui is 8.5, and water transparence is 28cm;
E, fish disease are prevented: after fishing chlorophos is pressed into dough, admix in wheat bran with water, mix after drying in pellet, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and wheat bran is 3.3:798, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and pellet is 3.3:2190, respectively throw something and feed 1 time in May and June, throw something and feed continuously 3 days at every turn; After Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb chopping are boiled, add sweet potato powder again to continue to be cooked into batter, pulverize after cooling, add after sulphaguanidine mixes again, admix in pellet, the weight ratio of Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb, sweet potato powder and sulphaguanidine is 98:103:99:30.5:1, and the weight ratio of sulphaguanidine and pellet is 1:2650,7,8, every 10 days of September threw something and fed 1 time, threw something and fed continuously 5 days at every turn.
Embodiment 2
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond sterilization rich water: fish pond area is 4335m 2, the dark 2m in pond; Behind the Winter Dry pool, remove mud and make silt depth be 15cm, after tanning by the sun one week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 7cm, then by quicklime water full pool spilling head, the consumption of quicklime is 0.225kg/m 2; Sterilize after 3 days, drain Chi Shui, then water inlet 62 order screen cloths are filtered, after being filled to depth of water 80cm, use fertilizer for fish feed aqua rich water;
B, put seed in a suitable place to breed: rich water started to put seed in a suitable place to breed after 1 week, choose physique stalwartness, the seed that anosis without wound, limbs are complete, seed needs before putting in a suitable place to breed to be the saline solution immersion 4min of 4wt% with mass fraction; Wherein put in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 2 months body long for 1.5-2.5cm freshwater shrimp 0.5kg and 60 tail specifications be the silver carp of 250g/ tail, mid-March, stocking size was grass carp 380 tail of 400g/ tail, and putting body mid-May in a suitable place to breed long is 3-4cm lobe knot fry 1800 tail;
C, management of throwing something and feeding: the feed of throwing something and feeding comprises the pellet and green fodder that protein content is 40wt%; Wherein feeding volume is 3% of all fish body weight pellet day, green fodder day feeding volume be 25% of grass carp body weight; Throw something and feed and to be undertaken by " four fixed ", " four see " principle, throw something and feed every day 2 times, 30% of day feeding volume of throwing something and feeding morning 8,5 selects remaining bait of throwing something and feeding at dusk;
Pellet comprises by weight: rotten 55 parts of fish, freshwater shrimp 8 parts, shrimp 12 parts, water flea 14 parts, maggot 13 parts, fermented stalk 35 parts, fermentation leached tea oil slag 22 parts, soybean curb residue 13 parts, peanut protein 15 parts, corn oil 6 parts, vitamin A 1.7 parts, vitamin D 30.24 part, vitamin E 2.3 parts, vitamin K 30.08 part, Cobastab 12 parts, Cobastab 20.8 part, Cobastab 31.6 parts, Cobastab 120.7 part, 0.8 part, folic acid, vitamin C 2.2 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.3 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.6 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.5 part, sodium selenite 0.1 part, calcium iodide 0.5 part, manganese sulphate 0.1 part;
D, water quality management: every 15 days with lime disinfection, the consumption of quicklime is 22.5g/m 2; From April, within every 10 days, add water 1 time, make water level raise 15cm at every turn; From July, within every 3 days, change water 1 time, extract the water of in fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and add new water; From late June, every day opens aerator, and wherein fine day to be started shooting 2.5h noon, and start shooting morning 3.5h, and start shooting midnight at cloudy day 3h; The pH value of fish pond Chi Shui is 8, and water transparence is 30cm;
E, fish disease are prevented: after fishing chlorophos is pressed into dough, admix in wheat bran with water, mix after drying in pellet, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and wheat bran is 3:800, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and pellet is 3:2200, respectively throws something and feeds 1 time in May and June, throws something and feeds continuously 3 days at every turn; After Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb chopping are boiled, add sweet potato powder again to continue to be cooked into batter, pulverize after cooling, add after sulphaguanidine mixes again, admix in pellet, the weight ratio of Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb, sweet potato powder and sulphaguanidine is 100:100:100:30:1, and the weight ratio of sulphaguanidine and pellet is 1:2670,7,8, every 10 days of September threw something and fed 1 time, threw something and fed continuously 5 days at every turn.
Embodiment 3
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond sterilization rich water: fish pond area is 5336m 2, the dark 2m in pond; Behind the Winter Dry pool, remove mud and make silt depth be 13cm, after tanning by the sun one week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 8cm, then by quicklime water full pool spilling head, the consumption of quicklime is 0.22kg/m 2; Sterilize after 3 days, drain Chi Shui, then water inlet 65 order screen cloths are filtered, after being filled to depth of water 78cm, use fertilizer for fish feed aqua rich water;
B, put seed in a suitable place to breed: rich water started to put seed in a suitable place to breed after 1 week, choose physique stalwartness, the seed that anosis without wound, limbs are complete, seed needs before putting in a suitable place to breed to be the saline solution immersion 3min of 5wt% with mass fraction; Wherein put in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 2 months body long for 1.5-2.5cm freshwater shrimp 0.55kg and 55 tail specifications be the silver carp of 260g/ tail, mid-March, stocking size was grass carp 400 tail of 300g/ tail, and putting body mid-May in a suitable place to breed long is 3-4cm lobe knot fry 1700 tail;
C, management of throwing something and feeding: the feed of throwing something and feeding comprises the pellet and green fodder that protein content is 38wt%; Wherein feeding volume is 3.5% of all fish body weight pellet day, green fodder day feeding volume be 24% of grass carp body weight; Throw something and feed and to be undertaken by " four fixed ", " four see " principle, throw something and feed every day 2 times, 35% of day feeding volume of throwing something and feeding morning 8,5 selects remaining bait of throwing something and feeding at dusk;
Pellet comprises by weight: rotten 50 parts of fish, freshwater shrimp 10 parts, shrimp 10 parts, water flea 15 parts, maggot 10 parts, fermented stalk 40 parts, fermentation leached tea oil slag 20 parts, soybean curb residue 15 parts, peanut protein 10 parts, corn oil 8 parts, vitamin A 1.5 parts, vitamin D 30.25 part, vitamin E 2 parts, vitamin K 30.1 part, Cobastab 11.5 parts, Cobastab 21 part, Cobastab 31.5 parts, Cobastab 120.8 part, 0.5 part, folic acid, vitamin C 3 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4 part, sodium selenite 0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3 part, manganese sulphate 0.15 part;
D, water quality management: every 15 days with lime disinfection, the consumption of quicklime is 22g/m 2; From April, within every 10 days, add water 1 time, make water level raise 15cm at every turn; From July, within every 3 days, change water 1 time, extract the water of in fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and add new water; From late June, every day opens aerator, and wherein fine day to be started shooting 2h noon, and start shooting morning 4h, and start shooting midnight at cloudy day 2h; The pH value of fish pond Chi Shui is 7.5, and water transparence is 32cm;
E, fish disease are prevented: after fishing chlorophos is pressed into dough, admix in wheat bran with water, mix after drying in pellet, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and wheat bran is 2.7:802, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and pellet is 2.7:2210, respectively throw something and feed 1 time in May and June, throw something and feed continuously 3 days at every turn; After Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb chopping are boiled, add sweet potato powder again to continue to be cooked into batter, pulverize after cooling, add after sulphaguanidine mixes again, admix in pellet, the weight ratio of Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb, sweet potato powder and sulphaguanidine is 102:97:101:29.5:1, and the weight ratio of sulphaguanidine and pellet is 1:2700,7,8, every 10 days of September threw something and fed 1 time, threw something and fed continuously 5 days at every turn.
The above; be only the present invention's preferably embodiment; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof and replace or change, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, a freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond sterilization rich water: fish pond area is 3335-5336m 2, the dark 2m in pond; Behind the Winter Dry pool, remove mud and make silt depth be 15 ± 2cm, after tanning by the sun one week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 5-8cm, then by quicklime water full pool spilling head, the consumption of quicklime is 0.22-0.23kg/m 2; Sterilize after 3 days, drain Chi Shui, then water inlet 60-65 order screen cloth is filtered, after being filled to depth of water 78-83cm, use fertilizer for fish feed aqua rich water;
B, put seed in a suitable place to breed: rich water started to put seed in a suitable place to breed after 1 week, choose physique stalwartness, the seed that anosis without wound, limbs are complete, seed needs before putting in a suitable place to breed to be the saline solution immersion 3-5min of 3-5wt% with mass fraction; Wherein put in a suitable place to breed at the beginning of 2 months body long for 1.5-2.5cm freshwater shrimp 0.45-0.55kg and 55-65 tail specification be the silver carp of 240-260g/ tail, mid-March, stocking size was the grass carp 350-400 tail of 300-500g/ tail, and putting body mid-May in a suitable place to breed long is 3-4cm lobe knot fry 1700-1900 tail;
C, management of throwing something and feeding: the feed of throwing something and feeding comprises pellet and green fodder; Wherein feeding volume is the 2.5-3.5% of all fish body weight pellet day, green fodder day feeding volume be the 24-26% of grass carp body weight; Throw something and feed and to be undertaken by " four fixed ", " four see " principle, throw something and feed every day 2 times, throw something and feed morning 8 25-35% of day feeding volume, 5 selects remaining bait of throwing something and feeding at dusk;
D, water quality management: every 15 days with lime disinfection, the consumption of quicklime is 22-23g/m 2; From April, within every 10 days, add water 1 time, make water level raise 15cm at every turn; From July, within every 3 days, change water 1 time, extract the water of in fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and add new water; From late June, every day opens aerator;
E, fish disease are prevented: after fishing chlorophos is pressed into dough, admix in wheat bran with water, mix after drying in pellet, respectively throw something and feed 1 time in May and June, throw something and feed continuously 3 days at every turn; After Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb chopping are boiled, then add sweet potato powder and continue to be cooked into batter, pulverize after cooling, then add after sulphaguanidine mixes, admix in pellet, 7,8, every 10 days of September threw something and fed 1 time, throw something and feed continuously 5 days at every turn.
2. lobe ties fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that, the protein content of pellet is 38-42wt%.
3. lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, pellet comprises by weight: the rotten 50-60 part of fish, freshwater shrimp 5-10 part, shrimp 10-15 part, water flea 12-15 part, maggot 10-15 part, fermented stalk 30-40 part, fermentation leached tea oil slag 20-25 part, soybean curb residue 10-15 part, peanut protein 10-20 part, corn oil 5-8 part, vitamin A 1.5-1.8 part, vitamin D 30.21-0.25 part, vitamin E 2-3 part, vitamin K 30.05-0.1 part, Cobastab 11.5-2.5 part, Cobastab 20.6-1 part, Cobastab 31.5-1.8 part, Cobastab 120.5-0.8 part, folic acid 0.5-1 part, vitamin C 1.5-3 part, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2-0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4-0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4-0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06-0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3-0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04-0.15 part.
4. lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method according to any one of claim 1-3, is characterized in that, in water quality management process, from late June, every day opens aerator, wherein fine day to be started shooting 2-3h noon, and start shooting morning 3-4h, and start shooting midnight at cloudy day 2-4h.
5. lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, in water quality management process, the pH value of fish pond Chi Shui is 7.5-8.5, and water transparence is 28-32cm.
6. lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, in fish disease prevention process, the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and wheat bran is 2.7-3.3:798-802, and the weight ratio of fishing chlorophos and pellet is 2.7-3.3:2190-2210.
7. lobe knot fish, grass carp, silver carp, freshwater shrimp mixed cultivation method according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, in fish disease prevention process, the weight ratio of Radix Isatidis, Asiatic plantain, pilose bushclover herb, sweet potato powder and sulphaguanidine is 98-102:97-103:99-101:29.5-30.5:1, and the weight ratio of sulphaguanidine and pellet is 1:2650-2700.
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CN104920264A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-23 时敏 Freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN104920267A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-23 时敏 Prawn culturing method
CN105104268A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-02 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Freshwater fish culture method
CN105123570A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-09 融安县渔业技术推广站 Culture method for large-scale pond fish mixed culture
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CN104920264A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-23 时敏 Freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN104920267A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-23 时敏 Prawn culturing method
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