CN103181343A - Planting and breeding integrated ecological breeding method for large fishpond - Google Patents

Planting and breeding integrated ecological breeding method for large fishpond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103181343A
CN103181343A CN2011104575269A CN201110457526A CN103181343A CN 103181343 A CN103181343 A CN 103181343A CN 2011104575269 A CN2011104575269 A CN 2011104575269A CN 201110457526 A CN201110457526 A CN 201110457526A CN 103181343 A CN103181343 A CN 103181343A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
breeding
water
fish
carp
fishes
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011104575269A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙少起
孙少洪
曹磊
周阳
孙茜
孙振君
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TIANJIN KAIRUN FRESHWATER CULTURE CO Ltd
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TIANJIN KAIRUN FRESHWATER CULTURE CO Ltd
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Application filed by TIANJIN KAIRUN FRESHWATER CULTURE CO Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN KAIRUN FRESHWATER CULTURE CO Ltd
Priority to CN2011104575269A priority Critical patent/CN103181343A/en
Publication of CN103181343A publication Critical patent/CN103181343A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a planting and breeding integrated ecological breeding method for a large fishpond. Famous and special breeding varieties such as common carps, golden carps, grass carps, chubs, penaeus vannawei, loaches, soft-shelled turtles, river crabs and the like are put in a suitable place to breed in a breeding pond; and the stocking ratio of herbivorous fishes to forage fishes to demersal residual feed animals by weight percentage is (35-40%) to (50-55%) to (10-15%). Proper biological varieties are selected according to biological requirements of ecological niches and cooperate to build an eco-friendly environment, forage grasses are planted for feeding the herbivorous fishes, the feces of the herbivorous fishes and a water body can produce primary biological baits, the primary biological baits are supplied to shrimps and secondary nutritional fishes, and organic detritus produced by the water body sinks to the bottom of water and is ingested by the demersal loaches, crabs and the like. At the same time, lotus roots and cane shoots are planted in the breeding water body and nutritive salt in the water body is removed for purifying the water, so that a novel high-efficiency energy-saving planting and breeding integrated ecological breeding mode is formed.

Description

A kind of large-scale fish pond kind, culture integrated ecological cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to novel ecological cultural technique field, relate to a kind of large-scale fish pond consumption reduction synergy and culture new model, the ecological cultivation method of one is cultured in a kind of large-scale fish pond plantation of saying so more specifically.
Background technology
Along with population increase, industrialization and process of urbanization are accelerated, fisheries water reduces gradually, the fishery decline of natural resources, and fisheries water pollutes aggravation, and the fishery development is subjected to the double constraints of resource and environment very outstanding.Tradition aquaculture model kind is single, and industrialization level is not high, and fishery increasess slowly.The present invention answers rational exploitation and utilization with large-scale fish pond fishery resources, strengthen breed variety and adjust dynamics, take full advantage of water body, increase the famous-particular-excellent cover and support ratio, thereby realize that protection of resources combines the coordination of economic benefit and social benefit, ecological benefits and unification with aquaculture; Should increase technology content, the developing ecology fishery is given priority to the special aquatic products product of attaching most importance to fresh water shrimp, crab and other economic fish and is cultured, and enlarges cultured area, does the breeding combination well, and developing ecology is cultured.
Summary of the invention
The invention discloses a kind of large-scale fish pond plantation and culture the ecological cultivation method of one, it is characterized in that putting carp, crucian carp, grass carp, silver carp, Penaeus Vannmei, loach, soft-shelled turtle, culture of Chinese mitten crab kind in a suitable place to breed at cultivating pool, the ratio of stocking: herbvore type: throw and to raise fish: the end residual bait animal that dwells accounts for total weight percent and is: 35%-40%, 50%-55%, 10%-15%.
Ecological cultivation method of the present invention, herbvore type fish wherein: grass carp, silver carp; It is carp, crucian that fish is raised in throwing; The residual bait animal that dwells is at the end: Penaeus Vannmei, river crab, loach or soft-shelled turtle.
Ecological cultivation method of the present invention wherein encloses economic plants such as Nian Qu plantation wild rice stem at the central shoal of cultivating pool zone plantation lotus rhizome, embankment, and the culturing area plant: cultured area is than 2 ~ 3: 4 ~ 5.
Ecological cultivation method of the present invention, wherein the aquaculture model of raising based on throwing is adjusted into and strengthens herbivorous fishes, raise together with the multiple pond culture pattern fish-Nong aggregative model of special aquatic products product, based on high-quality natural feed---clover, be aided with 20% concentrated feed, adopt some useful and harmless prophylactic measures---add allicin, Radix Astragali Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, every mu is added 100-150ml
ThisThe feature of invention:
(1) the present invention utilizes the discarded object of the existing cattle farm of triumphant profit company and a large amount of residue stalk resources, by fermentation " solid, liquid " is separated, and utilizes the natural pond slag to cooperate the bed mud of fish pond desilting, is developed the plantation of carrying out edible mushroom.Bacterium dregs fertilizer behind the planting edible mushroom contains abundant corps nutrient material, utilizing " this fertilizer " to replace chemical fertilizer and farmyard manure to carry out base fertilizer to herbage imposes, the needed various nutritive elements of herbage growth had both fully been satisfied, increased the output of herbage, reduce the soil compaction that uses chemical fertilizer to bring simultaneously again, improved soil structure.Bright clover grass is used for feeding herbivorous fishes, can make herbivorous fishes keep natural feeding habits, and fish product keeps natural taste.Dry the broken back of alfalfa meal and add the granular bait for fish that advances phytophagy and ominivore-fish, can increase vegetable protein in the granular bait for fish, vitamin and other concentrations of nutrient, strengthen the premunition of fish, improve the quality of fish, can reduce the cost of pellet simultaneously.On the other hand, recycling " natural pond liquid " replace the fish medicine to the fish pond splash sterilization, regulate water quality, stopped the residual of poisonous and harmful substance from the breed source, really set up pattern and the theory of aquatic products healthy aquaculture.Take full advantage of water body, increase the famous-particular-excellent cover and support ratio, realize that protection of resources combines with aquaculture, the coordination of economic benefit and social benefit, ecological benefits and unification are increased technology content, the developing ecology fishery.
(2) the present invention is according to the biological requirement on the ecological site, select suitable biological variety, by their synergy, make up the plantation forage grass of ecological friendly type for the herbivorous fishes feed, its ight soil and water body self are produced elementary biological feed, supply with shrimp, secondary nutrition fish food, the organic debris that water body produces is deposited to the bottom, is ingested by the dwell loach, crab etc. of life of the end again.Simultaneously, cultivate lotus rhizome, wild rice stem in the breeding water body, reject water nutrition salt, play the effect that purifies water, thereby formed plantation, culture the energy-efficient novel ecological aquaculture model of one.
(3) effect of the present invention is compared disease and is planted the incidence of disease (planting/one culture-cycle) reduction by 71.43% ~ 100% with traditional aquaculture model; Population risk (percentage/pond) is reduced to 80% ~ 85.71%, and effect is remarkable.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described, the scheme of embodiment described here, do not limit the present invention, one of skill in the art can make improvements and change according to spirit of the present invention, described these improvement and variation all should be considered as within the scope of the invention, and scope of the present invention and essence are limited by claim.
Embodiment 1:
Breed variety and percentage (every pond is average) are mainly planted in the pond
Embodiment 2:
Breed variety and percentage (every pond is average) are mainly planted in the pond
Embodiment 3:
Breed variety and percentage (every pond is average) are mainly planted in the pond
Embodiment 4:
Average 747.02 kilograms of every per mu yield, 9081.18 yuan of the output values.Improve 23% than traditional aquaculture model.
 
Embodiment 5:
Lotus rhizome, the wild rice stem of cultivating pool plantation, planting the breed area can increase by 769.33 yuan of benefits for average every mu.The clover of results is mainly used in manufactured feed, and its benefit excludes calculating.
 
Embodiment 6:
Embodiment 7
Enclose economic plants such as Nian Qu plantation wild rice stem at the central shoal of cultivating pool zone plantation lotus rhizome, embankment, the culturing area plant: cultured area was than 2: 4.Economic crops such as lotus rhizome, wild rice stem can take full advantage of this pond sludge, soil, fertilizer and water condition, and can absorb water nutrition salt and play purifying aquaculture and use water as usefulness.Like this with a whole set of ecologic breeding system, both kept fishpond fine water and optimum ecological circulation, can make fish not sick or seldom sick again, and guarantee healthy aquaculture.
Embodiment 8
Enclose economic plants such as Nian Qu plantation wild rice stem at the central shoal of cultivating pool zone plantation lotus rhizome, embankment, the culturing area plant: cultured area compares 3:5.Economic crops such as lotus rhizome, wild rice stem can take full advantage of this pond sludge, soil, fertilizer and water condition, and can absorb water nutrition salt and play purifying aquaculture and use water as usefulness.Like this with a whole set of ecologic breeding system, both kept fishpond fine water and optimum ecological circulation, can make fish not sick or seldom sick again, and guarantee healthy aquaculture.

Claims (4)

1. the ecological cultivation method of culturing one is planted in one kind large-scale fish pond, it is characterized in that putting carp, crucian carp, grass carp, silver carp, Penaeus Vannmei, loach, soft-shelled turtle, culture of Chinese mitten crab kind in a suitable place to breed at cultivating pool, the ratio of stocking accounts for total weight percent:: herbvore type 35%-40%, fish 50%-55% is raised in throwing, the end residual bait animal 10%-15% of dwelling.
2. the described ecological cultivation method of claim 1, herbvore type fish wherein: grass carp, silver carp; It is carp, crucian that fish is raised in throwing; The residual bait animal that dwells is at the end: Penaeus Vannmei, river crab, loach or soft-shelled turtle.
3. profit requires 1 described ecological cultivation method, wherein encloses economic plants such as Nian Qu plantation wild rice stem at the central shoal of cultivating pool zone plantation lotus rhizome, embankment, and the culturing area plant: cultured area is than 2 ~ 3: 4 ~ 5.
4. the described ecological cultivation method of claim 1, wherein the aquaculture model of raising based on throwing is adjusted into and strengthens herbivorous fishes, raise together with the multiple pond culture pattern fish-Nong aggregative model of special aquatic products product, based on high-quality natural feed---clover, be aided with 20% concentrated feed, adopt some useful and harmless prophylactic measures---add allicin, Radix Astragali Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, every mu is added 100-150ml.
CN2011104575269A 2011-12-31 2011-12-31 Planting and breeding integrated ecological breeding method for large fishpond Pending CN103181343A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103385190A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-11-13 句容市三岔蟹业专业合作社 Symbiotic cultivation method of odontobutis obscura, snails and river crabs
CN103563636A (en) * 2013-11-09 2014-02-12 丹阳市清云农业发展有限公司 Method for ecologically farming loaches in lotus root field
CN103815192A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-28 大连民族学院 Alfalfa feed for tortoise
CN103918586A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-16 北海正渔生物技术有限公司 Preparation method of sea complete nutrient salt for shrimp and crab breeding and testing standards thereof
CN104041450A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 郎溪县兴贵水产品养殖家庭农场 Pond for artificially culturing misgurnus anguillicaudatus
CN104041443A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-17 上海海洋大学 Mixed culture method for young eriocheir sinensis and colored carps
CN104067797A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-10-01 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Technical method for intercropping loaches and breeding silver carps in aquatic arrowhead field
CN104160844A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-11-26 桐乡市董家茭白专业合作社 Method for breeding loaches in wild rice shoot field
CN104221977A (en) * 2014-10-17 2014-12-24 张家港市天元科技有限公司 Integral farming method for river crab pond and grass carp pond
CN104488778A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-08 张旭 Culture method for catfishes
CN104996334A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-10-28 卞佳林 Method for cultivating river crabs in lotus root pool
CN105248135A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-20 孙铭岐 Lotus root and soft-shelled turtle intercropping method
CN105393963A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-16 安徽俊秀生态养殖有限公司 Biogas fertilizer fish-farming method
CN105454102A (en) * 2015-07-27 2016-04-06 上海海洋大学 System for polyculturing soft-shelled turtle in different position in same river crab ripe crab culturing pond
CN105850808A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-17 固镇玉鹏生态农业文化园有限公司 Method for polyculture of loaches and crucian in lotus pond
CN106234270A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-21 杭州市水产技术推广总站 A kind of method circulating flowing water fish farming system cultivation Penaeus vannamei
CN107278992A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The cultural method of Hemiculter clupeoides
CN107667936A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-09 无为众生水产有限公司 One seed lotus set supports lobster, the ecological cultivation method of soft-shelled turtle
CN107771716A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-09 卢惠 A kind of cultural method of prawn mixed breeding silver carp
CN108029489A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-05-15 邯郸市鑫众生态养殖有限公司 Northern area lotus rhizome, prawn and the intercropping method of loach
CN109526603A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-29 南宁学院 A kind of water hyacinth-aquatic products-poultry Ecocyclic cultivation implantation methods
CN110235825A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-09-17 安徽农业大学 A kind of method of cray-river crab-lotus root ecological circulation breeding

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103385190A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-11-13 句容市三岔蟹业专业合作社 Symbiotic cultivation method of odontobutis obscura, snails and river crabs
CN103563636A (en) * 2013-11-09 2014-02-12 丹阳市清云农业发展有限公司 Method for ecologically farming loaches in lotus root field
CN103815192A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-28 大连民族学院 Alfalfa feed for tortoise
CN103815192B (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-11-18 大连民族学院 Clover tortoise feed
CN103918586A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-16 北海正渔生物技术有限公司 Preparation method of sea complete nutrient salt for shrimp and crab breeding and testing standards thereof
CN103918586B (en) * 2014-03-26 2016-02-17 北海正渔生物技术有限公司 The preparation method of one seed shrimp crab using sea area for aquatic breeding ocean full nutrition salt
CN104041450A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 郎溪县兴贵水产品养殖家庭农场 Pond for artificially culturing misgurnus anguillicaudatus
CN104041450B (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-02-03 郎溪县兴贵水产品养殖家庭农场 A kind of pond propagating loach artificially
CN104067797A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-10-01 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Technical method for intercropping loaches and breeding silver carps in aquatic arrowhead field
CN104041443A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-17 上海海洋大学 Mixed culture method for young eriocheir sinensis and colored carps
CN104160844A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-11-26 桐乡市董家茭白专业合作社 Method for breeding loaches in wild rice shoot field
CN104221977A (en) * 2014-10-17 2014-12-24 张家港市天元科技有限公司 Integral farming method for river crab pond and grass carp pond
CN104488778A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-08 张旭 Culture method for catfishes
CN104996334A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-10-28 卞佳林 Method for cultivating river crabs in lotus root pool
CN104996334B (en) * 2015-07-07 2018-11-23 青岛百瑞吉生物工程有限公司 A kind of method of cultivating river crab in lotus pool
CN105454102A (en) * 2015-07-27 2016-04-06 上海海洋大学 System for polyculturing soft-shelled turtle in different position in same river crab ripe crab culturing pond
CN105248135A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-20 孙铭岐 Lotus root and soft-shelled turtle intercropping method
CN105393963A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-16 安徽俊秀生态养殖有限公司 Biogas fertilizer fish-farming method
CN105850808A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-17 固镇玉鹏生态农业文化园有限公司 Method for polyculture of loaches and crucian in lotus pond
CN106234270A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-21 杭州市水产技术推广总站 A kind of method circulating flowing water fish farming system cultivation Penaeus vannamei
CN107278992A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-10-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The cultural method of Hemiculter clupeoides
CN107667936A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-09 无为众生水产有限公司 One seed lotus set supports lobster, the ecological cultivation method of soft-shelled turtle
CN107771716A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-09 卢惠 A kind of cultural method of prawn mixed breeding silver carp
CN108029489A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-05-15 邯郸市鑫众生态养殖有限公司 Northern area lotus rhizome, prawn and the intercropping method of loach
CN109526603A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-29 南宁学院 A kind of water hyacinth-aquatic products-poultry Ecocyclic cultivation implantation methods
CN110235825A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-09-17 安徽农业大学 A kind of method of cray-river crab-lotus root ecological circulation breeding

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Application publication date: 20130703