CN103891642A - Multi-species diversification healthy ecological breeding method - Google Patents

Multi-species diversification healthy ecological breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103891642A
CN103891642A CN201210588276.7A CN201210588276A CN103891642A CN 103891642 A CN103891642 A CN 103891642A CN 201210588276 A CN201210588276 A CN 201210588276A CN 103891642 A CN103891642 A CN 103891642A
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area
tails
pond
hundred
planted
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CN201210588276.7A
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孙茜
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TIANJIN KAIRUN FRESHWATER CULTURE CO Ltd
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TIANJIN KAIRUN FRESHWATER CULTURE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201210588276.7A priority Critical patent/CN103891642A/en
Publication of CN103891642A publication Critical patent/CN103891642A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

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  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-species diversification healthy ecological breeding method. The method comprises the step of pond reconstruction. According to the pond reconstruction, a pond of 100 mu is built up into a land area, a shallow area and a deep water area, basically, one third of the pond is the land area, a half of the pond is the shallow area, and the rest is the deep water area. According to the variety throwing amount, one hundred carps, two hundred crucians, fifty spotted silver carps, twenty grass carps, five thousand pacific white shrimps, sixty turtles, three hundred river crabs and five hundred loaches are thrown. Alfalfa is planted in the land area for feeding the grass carps, lotus roots and wild rice shoots are planted in a part of the shallow area, and aquatic commercial crops such as water hyacinth and water spinach are planted in a part of the shallow area. In the deep water area, a cage is used for culturing five hundred tilapias to regulate and control the water quality. According to the planting density, three hundred and fifty kilos of the lotus roots are planted in one mu, three hundred and fifty wild rice shoots are planted in one mu, and the ratio of the medicago plant area to the culture area is larger than one to five.

Description

A kind of many kinds diversification healthy ecology cultural method
Technical field
The invention belongs to environmental protection technical field, relate to a kind of many kinds diversification healthy ecology cultural method.
Background technology
Traditional fishery high yielding culture pattern is based upon the artificial inputs such as high density is put in a suitable place to breed, feed, medicine and drops in a large number on basis, but the foundation of this high yielding culture pattern is to destroy ecotope as cost, show as sediment of pond bulk deposition, be rich in the breeding wastewater of nutritive element and drug residue to the discharge of natural water, formed aquaculture region to whole natural environment in smell, soil, the omnibearing pollution in waters, also make the quality of aquatic products decline simultaneously, show as fish and lose natural local flavor, quality does not reach nuisanceless standard etc.
State Council has issued [2006] No. 20 literary compositions of promulgated by the State Council " State Council is about the suggestion that advances Binhai New Area in Tianjin developing and opening relevant issues " on May 26th, 2006, propose Binhai New District and will build into resource-conserving and the environmentally friendly livable environmental Xincheng District that beautiful environment, realize man and nature, economic society and ecotope harmony mutually.Construction location according to State Council to Binhai New District, during 11th Five-Year, the development of Tianjin fishery should, in grabbing fisheries sustainable development, also will be grabbed the construction of fishery biologic environment.Traditional high yielding culture pattern, due to the high pollution to environment, this pattern that obtains economic benefit with sacrificialing environment, has obviously been not suitable with the particularly development of Binhai New District of new period Tianjin.
The present invention utilizes mutual intersection and the circulation between plant husbandry and two kinds of Different Industries of culture fishery, product in a kind of industry and discarded object are used as to the energy source of another kind of industry, realize the maximum using of matter and energy in loop body and flow, make to circulate and accomplish joint in industrial chain, efficiently, clean, environmental protection, volume increase, synergy, and realize zero disposal of pollutants of whole circulating system, form plantation cultivation circulation efficient ecological environmental protection fishery new model, thereby improve the ecotope of fishery, improve the environmental protection contribution rate of fishery to urban construction, provide a kind of good ecologic breeding pattern for realizing Tianjin city type fishery, thereby guarantee the sustainable development of fishery.
In China, Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces, Jiangsu, Henan, Jiangxi, Hubei etc. have the aquaculture model that kind of grass is breeded fish, the fish of cultivation are mainly grass carps, arrange in pairs or groups other omnivorousness and filter-feeding fish simultaneously, the grass carp of cultivation like this, can keep approaching natural taste, quality is better, but for the reasonable utilization of mutual exchange, comprehensive utilization and the discarded object of material in these two kinds of Different Industries, the pattern of neither one science of clean environment firendly of whole circulating system.The Shen of this project is vertical, be intended to research demonstration plant industry and the mutual cross-utilization of culture fishery, the comprehensive utilization that matter and energy circulates and best outfit, realizing on basis highly efficient and productive, that joint props up, realize zero disposal of pollutants of culture fishery, create plantation cultivation circulation efficient ecological environmental protection fishery new model.
Grass carp, carp, crucian, Penaeus Vannmei etc. are all the main aquaculture products in Efficiency in Buildings in Tianjin Area, and grass carp adult fish, also can ingest and be submerged in the drought grass in water take pasture and water as Major Foods at occurring in nature simultaneously.The ominivore-fish such as carp, crucian, Penaeus Vannmei and the crustacean careless class chip of some of also ingesting, and can effectively utilize vegetable protein.At present under Artificial feeding conditions, most of herbivorous fishes, the artifical compound feed of mainly ingesting, but the crude fat content of the herbivorous fishes of the artifical compound feed of the ingesting flesh of fish is high, trophic component imbalance, has affected quality and the mouthfeel of herbivorous fishes.
The herbages such as alfalfa (MedicagosativaL), have good palatability, nutritious, be easy to the features such as digestion, be also the natural bait of herbivorous fishes in culture fishery simultaneously.Pasture powder is rich in protein, mineral matter, vitamin and pigment, and isoflavone-containing class material and the multiple Growth and reproduction factor of being not yet familiar with by people at present.At the upper planting forage grass of culturing area waste land (Chi Geng, roadside etc.), the fresh herbage herbivorous fishes that are used for feeding, can make herbivorous fishes maintain natural feeding habits, and fish product keeps natural taste.Dry the granular bait for fish that is added to phytophagy and ominivore-fish after herbage is pulverized, can increase the content of vegetable protein in granular bait for fish, vitamin and other nutriment, strengthen the premunition of fish, improve the quality of fish, can reduce the cost of pellet simultaneously.The natural organic fertilizer material that serves as planting forage grass after pond bottom silt displacement fermentation, had both fully met the needed various nutritive elements of herbage growth, had increased the output of herbage, reduced again the soil compaction that uses chemical fertilizer to bring simultaneously, had improved soil structure.The breeding wastewater that contains macrometabolic element is for irrigating clover, both be conducive to the growth of clover, reduce again the pollution of breeding wastewater to natural water area, form the circulation system of plant husbandry and culture fishery matter and energy, greatly reduce the input of artificial input, reduce the interference of human factor, made plant husbandry and culture fishery more be tending towards pure natural.This novel aquatic products aquaculture model, can guarantee high yield, again can be cost-saving, increase benefit, and can improve aquatic products inherence and external quality simultaneously, therefore, there are wide market prospects.
Summary of the invention
The invention discloses a kind of many kinds diversification healthy ecology cultural method, it is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) pond transformation: build up land district at 100 mu with pond, shoal area, profundal zone, substantially forms land district and accounts for 1/10th, and shoal area accounts for 1/2nd, is left for profundal zone;
(2) secondly kind injected volume is: carp 100 tails, crucian 200 tails, flower silver carp 50 tails, grass carp 20 tails, Penaeus Vannmei 5000 tails, 60 of soft-shelled turtles, 300 of river crabs, loach fish 500 tails.
(3) at land district Planting Medicago sativa grass, with the grass carp of throwing something and feeding, phytal zone part Lotus planting and wild rice stem plant, the aquatic economic crops such as cucurbit and water spinach partly abort, 1:1-3 throws in. cage culture 500 tail Tilapia mossambica regulation and control water quality for profundal zone, planting density: 350 kgs/acre of lotus rhizomes; 350/mu of wild rice stems; Clover cultivated area and cultured area ratio are greater than 1:5-10.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described, and following embodiment is illustrative, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with following embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of many kinds diversification healthy ecology cultural method, is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) pond transformation: build up land district at 100 mu with pond, shoal area, profundal zone, substantially forms land district and accounts for 1/10th, and shoal area accounts for 1/2nd, is left for profundal zone;
(2) secondly kind injected volume is: carp 100 tails, crucian 200 tails, flower silver carp 50 tails, grass carp 20 tails, Penaeus Vannmei 5000 tails, 60 of soft-shelled turtles, 300 of river crabs, loach fish 500 tails.
(3) at land district Planting Medicago sativa grass, with the grass carp of throwing something and feeding, phytal zone part Lotus planting and wild rice stem plant, the aquatic economic crops 1:2 such as cucurbit and water spinach that partly aborts throws in.Cage culture 500 tail Tilapia mossambica regulation and control water quality for profundal zone, planting density: 350 kgs/acre of lotus rhizomes; 350/mu of wild rice stems; Clover cultivated area and cultured area ratio are greater than 1:5.
Embodiment 2
A kind of many kinds diversification healthy ecology cultural method, is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) pond transformation: build up land district at 100 mu with pond, shoal area, profundal zone, substantially forms land district and accounts for 1/10th, and shoal area accounts for 1/2nd, is left for profundal zone;
(2) secondly kind injected volume is: carp 100 tails, crucian 200 tails, flower silver carp 50 tails, grass carp 20 tails, Penaeus Vannmei 5000 tails, 60 of soft-shelled turtles, 300 of river crabs, loach fish 500 tails.
(3) at land district Planting Medicago sativa grass, with the grass carp of throwing something and feeding, phytal zone part Lotus planting and wild rice stem plant, the aquatic economic crops such as cucurbit and water spinach partly abort.Cage culture 500 tail Tilapia mossambica regulation and control water quality for profundal zone, planting density: 350 kgs/acre of lotus rhizomes; 350/mu of wild rice stems; Clover cultivated area and cultured area ratio are greater than 1:10.
Embodiment 3
A kind of many kinds diversification healthy ecology cultural method, is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) pond transformation: build up land district at 100 mu with pond, shoal area, profundal zone, substantially forms land district and accounts for 1/10th, and shoal area accounts for 1/2nd, is left for profundal zone;
(2) secondly kind injected volume is: carp 100 tails, crucian 200 tails, flower silver carp 50 tails, grass carp 20 tails, Penaeus Vannmei 5000 tails, 60 of soft-shelled turtles, 300 of river crabs, loach fish 500 tails.
(3) at land district Planting Medicago sativa grass, with the grass carp of throwing something and feeding, phytal zone part Lotus planting and wild rice stem plant, the aquatic economic crops 1:3 such as cucurbit and water spinach that partly aborts throws in.Cage culture 500 tail Tilapia mossambica regulation and control water quality for profundal zone, planting density: 350 kgs/acre of lotus rhizomes; 350/mu of wild rice stems; Clover cultivated area and cultured area ratio are greater than 1:4.

Claims (1)

1. the diversification of kind more than a healthy ecology cultural method, is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) pond transformation: build up land district at 100 mu with pond, shoal area, profundal zone, substantially forms land district and accounts for 1/10th, and shoal area accounts for 1/2nd, is left for profundal zone;
(2) secondly kind injected volume is: carp 100 tails, crucian 200 tails, flower silver carp 50 tails, grass carp 20 tails, Penaeus Vannmei 5000 tails, 60 of soft-shelled turtles, 300 of river crabs, loach fish 500 tails;
(3) at land district Planting Medicago sativa grass, with the grass carp of throwing something and feeding, phytal zone part Lotus planting and wild rice stem plant, cucurbit and the aquatic economic crops of water spinach partly abort, 1:1-3 throws in by ratio of weight and the number of copies, cage culture 500 tail Tilapia mossambica regulation and control water quality for profundal zone, planting density: 350 kgs/acre of lotus rhizomes; 350/mu of wild rice stems; Clover cultivated area and cultured area ratio are greater than 1:5-10.
CN201210588276.7A 2012-12-29 2012-12-29 Multi-species diversification healthy ecological breeding method Pending CN103891642A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160844A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-11-26 桐乡市董家茭白专业合作社 Method for breeding loaches in wild rice shoot field
CN104161001A (en) * 2014-09-04 2014-11-26 福建省淡水水产研究所 Tilapia and loach mixed-pool-breeding method
CN104705233A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-17 江苏省渔业技术推广中心 Method for polyculturing penaeus vannamei in cyprinus carpio breeding pond
CN105123588A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-09 常熟理工学院 Lepomis macrochirus-bighead carp-water spinach stereoscopic cultivation method based on net cage
CN105165681A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 常熟理工学院 California perch, paddlefish and water spinach stereoscopic culturing method based on net cages
CN105210963A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-06 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 The cultural method of a kind of wild rice stem cover crab farming
CN105638534A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-08 五河县金满塘生态种养殖家庭农场 Method for freshwater aquaculture of high-quality penaeus vannamei boone
CN105766773A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-20 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Plant purification pond for processing turtle greenhouse aquaculture wastewater
CN105766786A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-20 周吴 Vegetable and greenhouse soft-shelled turtle circulating planting and breeding method
CN106234270A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-21 杭州市水产技术推广总站 A kind of method circulating flowing water fish farming system cultivation Penaeus vannamei
CN106259112A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 刘清 The cultural method of the Penaeus vannamei of ecological volume increase
CN106342737A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-25 刘清 Penaeus vannamei breeding method capable of improving water quality
CN106472368A (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-03-08 山东省淡水渔业研究院 A kind of compound micro-ecological preparation and the Cyprinus carpio ecological cultivation method of application said preparation
CN108967084A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-12-11 上海海洋大学 A kind of the integrated farming system and cultural method of rice fishing symbiosis-aquaculture coupling
CN109287569A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-02-01 珠海瓜田你下农业管理有限公司 A kind of multi items diversification healthy ecology cultural method
CN111066695A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-28 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) Method for three-dimensional planting and breeding of fugu obscurus, penaeus vannamei and water spinach
CN111513024A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-08-11 宁夏绿方水产良种繁育有限公司 Soft-shelled turtle breeding method capable of increasing survival rate

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160844A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-11-26 桐乡市董家茭白专业合作社 Method for breeding loaches in wild rice shoot field
CN104161001A (en) * 2014-09-04 2014-11-26 福建省淡水水产研究所 Tilapia and loach mixed-pool-breeding method
CN104161001B (en) * 2014-09-04 2016-03-09 福建省淡水水产研究所 A kind of Tilapia mossambica and loach pond polyculture method
CN104705233A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-17 江苏省渔业技术推广中心 Method for polyculturing penaeus vannamei in cyprinus carpio breeding pond
CN106472368A (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-03-08 山东省淡水渔业研究院 A kind of compound micro-ecological preparation and the Cyprinus carpio ecological cultivation method of application said preparation
CN105123588A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-09 常熟理工学院 Lepomis macrochirus-bighead carp-water spinach stereoscopic cultivation method based on net cage
CN105165681A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 常熟理工学院 California perch, paddlefish and water spinach stereoscopic culturing method based on net cages
CN105210963A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-06 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 The cultural method of a kind of wild rice stem cover crab farming
CN105766773A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-20 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Plant purification pond for processing turtle greenhouse aquaculture wastewater
CN105766786A (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-20 周吴 Vegetable and greenhouse soft-shelled turtle circulating planting and breeding method
CN105638534A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-06-08 五河县金满塘生态种养殖家庭农场 Method for freshwater aquaculture of high-quality penaeus vannamei boone
CN106234270A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-21 杭州市水产技术推广总站 A kind of method circulating flowing water fish farming system cultivation Penaeus vannamei
CN106342737A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-25 刘清 Penaeus vannamei breeding method capable of improving water quality
CN106259112A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 刘清 The cultural method of the Penaeus vannamei of ecological volume increase
CN108967084A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-12-11 上海海洋大学 A kind of the integrated farming system and cultural method of rice fishing symbiosis-aquaculture coupling
CN108967084B (en) * 2018-08-03 2020-11-10 上海海洋大学 Rice and fish symbiosis-aquaculture coupling composite planting and breeding system and breeding method
CN109287569A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-02-01 珠海瓜田你下农业管理有限公司 A kind of multi items diversification healthy ecology cultural method
CN111066695A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-28 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) Method for three-dimensional planting and breeding of fugu obscurus, penaeus vannamei and water spinach
CN111066695B (en) * 2019-12-26 2021-11-19 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) Method for three-dimensional planting and breeding of fugu obscurus, penaeus vannamei and water spinach
CN111513024A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-08-11 宁夏绿方水产良种繁育有限公司 Soft-shelled turtle breeding method capable of increasing survival rate

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Application publication date: 20140702