CN108633801A - A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray Download PDF

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CN108633801A
CN108633801A CN201810255703.7A CN201810255703A CN108633801A CN 108633801 A CN108633801 A CN 108633801A CN 201810255703 A CN201810255703 A CN 201810255703A CN 108633801 A CN108633801 A CN 108633801A
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parts
pool
component
cray
lotus rhizome
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沈靖凯
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Guangxi Yi Jiaxing Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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Guangxi Yi Jiaxing Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/25Root crops, e.g. potatoes, yams, beet or wasabi
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • A23K10/38Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material from distillers' or brewers' waste
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/22Compounds of alkali metals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
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    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray, belongs to technical field of aquaculture.Include the following steps:Pond preparation, Lotus planting, launches seed shrimp and aquaculture management at pond disinfection.The cultural method, by lotus rhizome and cray intercropping, rationally utilize resource, water plant, biological feed in the lotus rhizome pool can be used as the natural feed of cray, both played the role of as the ecology weeding of the lotus rhizome pool, the utilization rate on the lotus rhizome pool is improved again, and secondly the excreta of cray can also be that the lotus rhizome pool increases organic fertilizer, realize benign cycle.Since lotus rhizome pool water plant is luxuriant, various zoobenthos, organic debris etc. are abundant, abundant food source are provided for cray, aquaculture cost is low, increases economic efficiency.

Description

A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, a kind of specific cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray.
Background technology
Cray is also referred to as Procambius clarkii, red crayfish and freshwater crayfish.Be similar to shrimp and crust is hard.Adult is about 5.6 ~11.9 centimetres, kermesinus, the nearly black in crust part, belly back side has a wedge-shaped striped.Juvenile prawn body is uniform grey, sometimes Has black ripple.It is economic freshwater shrimps, because meat flavour is delicious wide welcomed by the people.Because of its omnivorousness, the speed of growth is fast, adapts to energy Power is strong and absolute competitive advantage is formed in local environment.
Protein content in cray body is very high, and meat is soft, easy to digest, in poor health and need to adjust after being ill Foster people is fabulous food;Magnesium, zinc, iodine, selenium etc. are also rich in shrimp, magnesium has important adjustment effect to cardiomotility, Cardiovascular system can be protected, it can reduce blood cholesterol level, prevent artery sclerosis, while can also coronary artery dilator, Be conducive to preventing hypertension and myocardial infarction;In addition, cray can also be used as medicine, energy preventing phlegm from forming and stopping coughing promotes postoperative wound to give birth to Flesh heals.
Cray has become Important Economic breed variety in China in recent years, and because of its omnivorousness, the speed of growth is fast, adapts to Ability is strong and absolute competitive advantage is formed in local environment.The hot price in cray market is soaring for not answering in recent years It asks, various regions have started cray cultivation upsurge one after another.Ecologic planting cultivation is the inexorable trend of Agricultural Industrialization Development, feature It is to be cultivated by corresponding kind using the substance circulation system of nature according to the symbiosis complementarity principle between kind of cultivation animals and plants Technology and management measure make animals and plants syntrophism in certain breeding spaces and region, realization keep ecological balance, improve The purpose of culture efficiency.
Lotus rhizome is liked to sunlight warm environment, and manurial-philous, temperature appropriate can also promote to grow, and Lotus planting can in pond With improving pond substrate and water quality, good ecological environment is provided for cray, is conducive to cray healthy growth.Lotus rhizome itself Fertilizer requirement is very big, and applying organic manure can mitigate the bronzing rust staining of lotus root body attachment, while can make to generate a large amount of planktonic organisms in water. Cray is omnivorousness, and on the one hand it can prey on planktonic organism and pest in water, it is also desirable to a large amount of bait of artificial feed, The excrement that it is excreted substantially increases the fertility in pond, and mutuality of interest is formd between shrimp lotus root, thus can improve lotus rhizome Yield.Reach mutual reciprocity and mutual benefit, the mode of benign cycle effectively raises the utilization rate of soil and water resource.
But in lotus rhizome planting process, cray is generally viewed as pest, is the object for needing to prevent.Because of small dragon The young tender part of the lotuses plant such as the possible feeding leaf hairpin of shrimp, causes plant dead or comes to harm.Therefore, a kind of science, conjunction are probed into The cultural method of reason had not only ensured the yield and quality of cray, but also did not influenced the normal growth of lotus rhizome, was present urgent need to resolve Problem.
Invention content
The goal of the invention of the present invention is, in view of the above-mentioned problems, a kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray is provided, it will Lotus rhizome and cray intercropping, rationally utilize resource, reduce feedstuff feeding amount, increase economic efficiency.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray, includes the following steps:
S1. pond prepares:Selection is had abundant water resources, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and ventilation faces south, and illumination is good, and bottom of pond is flat, thicker soil Inlet and outlet are arranged in pond, the pond, and the inlet and outlet are provided with filter screen;In the pond surrounding High 50~60 centimetres of anti-escape network is set;Shrimp ditch is excavated along surrounding and center in the pond, forms the shrimp ditch of sphere of movements for the elephants shape, Wide 0.5m~the 1.5m of shrimp ditch, deep 0.5m.
S2. pond disinfection:By applying 0.5~1.2kg's of 55~70kg of quick lime, 5~15kg of tea bran and Bordeaux mixture per acre Above-mentioned substance is uniformly sprinkling upon pond bottom by ratio, and after 3~7 days, it is 10cm to add water to the depth of water, is sterilized 3~7 days on the selenium pool;By pond Water pump drainage in the pool is clean, and it is 7 or so to be cleaned repeatedly to pond pH.
S3. Lotus planting:By the end of April~at the beginning of 5 months, robust plant, highly medium 3~4 is selected to save above whole section lotus root It is planted as lotus root kind, when arranging lotus root, 2~3 meters of line-spacing, 1.5~2 meters of hill spacing arranges lotus root 2 per cave.
S4. seed shrimp is launched:Shrimp species are put into shrimp ditch by August, October i.e. carry out mating oogenesis, burrow it is overwintering, next year 2~ March, son shrimp appeared growth of ingesting.
S5. aquaculture management:
Lotus rhizome was planted in 10 days, to improve ground temperature, kept 10cm water levels;Gradual increased levels are increased then as temperature, Reach 1.2~1.5 meters of highest to water level at the beginning of 6 months;Periodically improve water quality.
Young shrimp appears ingest after, feed 2~3 shrimp feeds daily;The feed includes component 1, component 2 and component 3.
The component 1 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:20~30 parts of fish meal, 15~25 parts of fermented bean dregs, corn flour 15~25 parts, 1~5 part of yeast powder, 10~15 parts of distiller's dried grain, 5~10 parts of organic vegetable powder, 1~3 part of selenium methionine, spirulina 1~3 part of powder, 1~3 part of pine needle meal, 1~3 part of multi-vitamins, 1~3 part of composite mineral matter;
The component 2 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:3~5 parts of oyster shell whiting, 3~6 parts of egg pupa powder, earthworm powder 5~10 Part, 3~5 parts of river snails rice noodle;
The component 3 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:3~6 parts of Radix Astragali, 1~3 part of rhizome of cyrtomium, 1~3 part of the tuber of stemona, curcuma zedoary 1~2 part, 5~10 parts of dried orange peel, 1~3 part of cordate houttuynia, 2~5 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 1~3 part of Herba Andrographitis, 1~3 part of uncured tobacco leaf, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae 1~3 part, 1~3 part of chinaberry, 2~5 parts of burdock, 3~8 parts of hawthorn, 2~5 parts of wild chrysanthemum, 2~5 parts of cloves, 2~5 parts of purple perilla.
Young shrimp appears ingest after, the feed according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component be 1:1:1 ratio mixing It uses;To beginning at the beginning of 3 months, the feed is 2 according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component:3:1 ratio is used in mixed way.
Since late March, with cage capture cray listing, the mesh of cage will customize, take to catch and stay small side greatly Method, until catching whole crays to the greatest extent at the beginning of 5 months.
Preferably, in step S5, the multi-vitamins include that mass ratio is 1~5:1~2:1~2:1~2 vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C and vitamin E.
Preferably, in step S5, the composite mineral matter includes that mass ratio is 2~5:2~5:2~4:1~2:1~2:1 ~2 ferric sulfate, magnesium sulfate, copper sulphate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate and sodium selenite.
Preferably, in step S5, the organic vegetable powder is by organic spinach, organic carrot, organic rape, You Jibai Dish, organic agaric and organic mushroom dehydration and drying, through crushing
Preferably, in step S5, frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp is installed, can not only kill Field Pests, reduces pesticide dosage, kills Dead insect can also be edible for cray.
Preferably, the feed includes component 1, component 2 and component 3;The component 1 includes following original according to parts by weight Material:25 parts of fish meal, 20 parts of fermented bean dregs, 20 parts of corn flour, 3 parts of yeast powder, 10 parts of distiller's dried grain, 10 parts of organic vegetable powder, egg ammonia 2 parts of sour selenium, 2 parts of spirulina powder, 3 parts of pine needle meal, 2 parts of multi-vitamins, 2 parts of composite mineral matter;The component 2 is according to parts by weight Including following raw material:4 parts of oyster shell whiting, 5 parts of egg pupa powder, 8 parts of earthworm powder, 5 parts of river snails rice noodle;The component 3 includes according to parts by weight Following raw material:5 parts of Radix Astragali, 2 parts of rhizome of cyrtomium, 2 parts of the tuber of stemona, 1 part of curcuma zedoary, 8 parts of dried orange peel, 2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 4 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 1 part of Herba Andrographitis, 2 parts of uncured tobacco leaf, 2 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 2 parts of chinaberry, 4 parts of burdock, 5 parts of hawthorn, 3 parts of wild chrysanthemum, 3 parts of cloves, 3 parts of purple perilla.
Preferably, in step S5, the specific requirement of regulating water quality is:Every 15~25 days, 10~20cm of water, cray are changed Free-changing water is kept away when changing shell;In addition, every 20~30 days, by 100g/667m2 dosage full pool spilling head zeolite powders and Li Sheng elements.
Preferably, it in step S5, changes water and uses side irrigation method.
Due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, the invention has the advantages that:
1. lotus rhizome and cray intercropping are rationally utilized resource, subtracted by the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray of the present invention Few feedstuff feeding amount is increased economic efficiency.
Water plant, biological feed in the lotus rhizome pool can be used as the natural feed of cray, have both played and removed for lotus rhizome pool ecology The effect of grass, and the utilization rate on the lotus rhizome pool is improved, secondly the excreta of cray can also be that the lotus rhizome pool increases organic fertilizer, real Benign cycle is showed.Since lotus rhizome pool water plant is luxuriant, various zoobenthos, organic debris etc. are abundant, are provided for cray rich Rich food source, aquaculture cost are low.Cray can also eat up weeds and lotus root maggot, reduce Pesticide use.
2. the feedstuff of the cultural method of the lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray of the present invention, nursing is abundant, nutrition is balanced, meets The nutritional need of cray growth, absorption rate is high, and strengthen immunity, reduces the generation of disease, enhancing development carries High yield.
Fermented bean dregs, distiller's dried grain and corn flour are capable of providing certain organic feed raw material;Earthworm powder, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, spiral shell Powder one kind animal fodder, has the characteristics that animal protein is abundant, and organic vegetable powder, yeast powder, spirulina powder are rich in small dragon Vitamin, trace element needed for shrimp, oyster shell whiting provide calcareous element, a variety of feedstuff synthesis proportionings, nutrition for cray Balanced composition is conducive to the growth of cray and the improvement of meat, and promotes absorption of the cray to nutritional ingredient, improves feed profit With rate, is conducive to improve high-quality cray disease resistance, reduces feed waste, promote high-quality cray healthy growth.
The Chinese herbal medicine that the component 3 of addition contains, can not only promote the appetite of cray, while prevent cray in the shelling phase Between germ infect, improve the anti-stress ability and body immunity of cray, reduce cray illness rate, do not have in cray The harmful substances such as hormone remain, and shorten the growth cycle of cray, and improve the weight of cray.Containing there are many Chinese herbal medicine, Collective effect not only improves the constitution and Anti-bacterium function of cray, is also used as phagostimulant, promotes feed, the digestion of cray And absorption, it reduces rate of falling ill and improves yield.
3. the cultural method of the lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray of the present invention, periodic adjustment water quality not only improve breeding environment, Reduce disease, and realize the high yield of cray, achieves very significant culture efficiency.As temperature increases, New water is filled in time, rationally adjusts the depth of water in favor of the normal photosynthesis of lotus root and growth.Lotus field raises cray, in the early stage preferably Shallow water is filled, with the growth of lotus root and shrimp, is gradually deepened.In lotus rhizome vigorous growth season, since the water surface is by lotus root foliage cover, water body light According to deficiency, water degradation after lotus field top dressing, be easy to cause water hypoxia, therefore on water layer management in addition, periodically to add water, row Go out the old water in part.All crays are salvaged at the beginning of 5 months clean, prevents the growth for influencing lotus rhizome.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray, includes the following steps:
S1. pond prepares:Selection is had abundant water resources, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and ventilation faces south, and illumination is good, and bottom of pond is flat, thicker soil Inlet and outlet are arranged in pond, the pond, and the inlet and outlet are provided with filter screen;In the pond surrounding High 60 centimetres of anti-escape network is set;Shrimp ditch is excavated along surrounding and center in the pond, forms the shrimp ditch of sphere of movements for the elephants shape, it is described Shrimp ditch wide 1m, deep 0.5m.
S2. pond disinfection:In applying the ratio of quick lime 60kg, tea bran 10kg and Bordeaux mixture 1kg per acre by above-mentioned substance It uniformly is sprinkling upon pond bottom, after 7 days, it is 10cm to add water to the depth of water, is sterilized 7 days on the selenium pool;Water pump drainage in pond is clean, repeatedly It is 7 or so to clean to pond pH.
S3. Lotus planting:By the end of April~at the beginning of 5 months, robust plant, highly medium 3~4 is selected to save above whole section lotus root It is planted as lotus root kind, when arranging lotus root, 2 meters of line-spacing, 1.5 meters of hill spacing arranges lotus root 2 per cave.
S4. seed shrimp is launched:Shrimp species are put into shrimp ditch by August, October i.e. carry out mating oogenesis, burrow it is overwintering, next year 2~ March, son shrimp appeared growth of ingesting.
S5. aquaculture management:
Lotus rhizome was planted in 10 days, to improve ground temperature, kept 10cm water levels;Gradual increased levels are increased then as temperature, Reach 1.5 meters of highest to water level at the beginning of 6 months;Periodically improve water quality.The specific requirement of regulating water quality is:Every 20 days, change water 10~ 20cm, cray keep away free-changing water when changing shell;In addition, every 25 days, by 100g/667m2 dosage full pool spilling head zeolite powders and Li Sheng Element.It changes water and uses side irrigation method.
Young shrimp appears ingest after, feed 2 shrimp feeds daily;The feed includes component 1, component 2 and component 3;
The component 1 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:25 parts of fish meal, 20 parts of fermented bean dregs, 20 parts of corn flour, yeast 3 parts of powder, 10 parts of distiller's dried grain, 10 parts of organic vegetable powder, 2 parts of selenium methionine, 2 parts of spirulina powder, 3 parts of pine needle meal, multi-vitamins 2 Part, 2 parts of composite mineral matter.The component 2 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:4 parts of oyster shell whiting, 5 parts of egg pupa powder, earthworm powder 8 Part, 5 parts of river snails rice noodle.The component 3 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:5 parts of Radix Astragali, 2 parts of rhizome of cyrtomium, 2 parts of the tuber of stemona, 1 part of curcuma zedoary, 8 parts of dried orange peel, 2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 4 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 1 part of Herba Andrographitis, 2 parts of uncured tobacco leaf, 2 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 2 parts of chinaberry, 4 parts of burdock, 5 parts of hawthorn, 3 parts of wild chrysanthemum, 3 parts of cloves, 3 parts of purple perilla.
The multi-vitamins include that mass ratio is 3:1:1:1 vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C and vitamin E. The composite mineral matter includes that mass ratio is 3:3:2:2:2:2 ferric sulfate, magnesium sulfate, copper sulphate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate and Asia Sodium selenate.The organic vegetable powder is by organic spinach, organic carrot, organic rape, organic Chinese cabbage, organic agaric and organic Mushroom dehydrates, through crushing.
Young shrimp appears ingest after, the feed according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component be 1:1:1 ratio mixing It uses;To beginning at the beginning of 3 months, the feed is 2 according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component:3:1 ratio is used in mixed way.
Since late March, with cage capture cray listing, the mesh of cage will customize, take to catch and stay small side greatly Method, until catching whole crays to the greatest extent at the beginning of 5 months.
Frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp is installed, can not only kill Field Pests, reduces pesticide dosage, the insect of kill can also be for Cray is edible.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray, includes the following steps:
S1. pond prepares:Selection is had abundant water resources, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and ventilation faces south, and illumination is good, and bottom of pond is flat, thicker soil Inlet and outlet are arranged in pond, the pond, and the inlet and outlet are provided with filter screen;In the pond surrounding High 55 centimetres of anti-escape network is set;Shrimp ditch is excavated along surrounding and center in the pond, forms the shrimp ditch of sphere of movements for the elephants shape, it is described Shrimp ditch wide 1.2m, deep 0.5m.
S2. pond disinfection:In applying the ratio of quick lime 70kg, tea bran 15kg and Bordeaux mixture 0.8kg per acre by above-mentioned object Matter is uniformly sprinkling upon pond bottom, and after 6 days, it is 10cm to add water to the depth of water, is sterilized 5 days on the selenium pool;Water pump drainage in pond is clean, instead Multiple clean to pond pH is 7 or so.
S3. Lotus planting:By the end of April~at the beginning of 5 months, robust plant, highly medium 3~4 is selected to save above whole section lotus root It is planted as lotus root kind, when arranging lotus root, 3 meters of line-spacing, 2 meters of hill spacing arranges lotus root 2 per cave.
S4. seed shrimp is launched:Shrimp species are put into shrimp ditch by August, October i.e. carry out mating oogenesis, burrow it is overwintering, next year 2~ March, son shrimp appeared growth of ingesting.
S5. aquaculture management:
Lotus rhizome was planted in 10 days, to improve ground temperature, kept 10cm water levels;Gradual increased levels are increased then as temperature, Reach 1.5 meters of highest to water level at the beginning of 6 months;Periodically improve water quality.The specific requirement of regulating water quality is:Every 15 days, change water 10~ 20cm, cray keep away free-changing water when changing shell;In addition, every 20 days, by 100g/667m2 dosage full pool spilling head zeolite powders and Li Sheng Element.It changes water and uses side irrigation method.
Young shrimp appears ingest after, feed shrimp feed three times daily;The feed includes component 1, component 2 and component 3.
The component 1 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:30 parts of fish meal, 15 parts of fermented bean dregs, 25 parts of corn flour, yeast 5 parts of powder, 15 parts of distiller's dried grain, 5 parts of organic vegetable powder, 3 parts of selenium methionine, 3 parts of spirulina powder, 3 parts of pine needle meal, multi-vitamins 3 Part, 3 parts of composite mineral matter.The component 2 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:5 parts of oyster shell whiting, 6 parts of egg pupa powder, earthworm powder 5 Part, 5 parts of river snails rice noodle.The component 3 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:6 parts of Radix Astragali, 1 part of rhizome of cyrtomium, 1 part of the tuber of stemona, 2 parts of curcuma zedoary, 6 parts of dried orange peel, 3 parts of cordate houttuynia, 5 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 1 part of Herba Andrographitis, 1 part of uncured tobacco leaf, 3 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 3 parts of chinaberry, 5 parts of burdock, 8 parts of hawthorn, 2 parts of wild chrysanthemum, 3 parts of cloves, 2 parts of purple perilla.
The multi-vitamins include that mass ratio is 5:2:2:2 vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C and vitamin E. The composite mineral matter includes that mass ratio is 4:3:4:1:1:2 ferric sulfate, magnesium sulfate, copper sulphate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate and Asia Sodium selenate.The organic vegetable powder is by organic spinach, organic carrot, organic rape, organic Chinese cabbage, organic agaric and organic Mushroom dehydrates, through crushing.
Young shrimp appears ingest after, the feed according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component be 1:1:1 ratio mixing It uses;To beginning at the beginning of 3 months, the feed is 2 according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component:3:1 ratio is used in mixed way.
Since late March, with cage capture cray listing, the mesh of cage will customize, take to catch and stay small side greatly Method, until catching whole crays to the greatest extent at the beginning of 5 months.
Frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp is installed, can not only kill Field Pests, reduces pesticide dosage, the insect of kill can also be for Cray is edible.
Above description is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, it is all the present invention suggested by technical concept under completed same changes or modifications change, should all belong to In the covered the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
S1. pond prepares:Selection is had abundant water resources, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and ventilation faces south, and illumination is good, and bottom of pond is flat, the pond of thicker soil Inlet and outlet are arranged in the pool, the pond, and the inlet and outlet are provided with filter screen;It is set in the pond surrounding Set high 50~60 centimetres of anti-escape network;Shrimp ditch is excavated along surrounding and center in the pond, forms the shrimp ditch of sphere of movements for the elephants shape, institute State shrimp ditch wide 0.5m~1.5m, deep 0.5m;
S2. pond disinfection:In the ratio for applying 0.5~1.2kg of 55~70kg of quick lime, 5~15kg of tea bran and Bordeaux mixture per acre Above-mentioned substance is uniformly sprinkling upon pond bottom, after 3~7 days, it is 10cm to add water to the depth of water, is sterilized 3~7 days on the selenium pool;It will be in pond Water pump drainage it is clean, clean repeatedly to pond pH be 7 or so;
S3. Lotus planting:By the end of April~at the beginning of 5 months, the whole section lotus root that selects medium 3~4 section of robust plant, height above as Lotus root kind is planted, and when arranging lotus root, 2~3 meters of line-spacing, 1.5~2 meters of hill spacing arranges lotus root 2 per cave;
S4. seed shrimp is launched:Shrimp species are put into shrimp ditch by August, and October carries out mating oogenesis, burrows overwintering, 2~March of next year Young shrimp appears growth of ingesting;
S5. aquaculture management:
Lotus rhizome was planted in 10 days, to improve ground temperature, kept 10cm water levels;Gradual increased levels are increased then as temperature, to June First water level reaches 1.2~1.5 meters of highest;Periodically improve water quality;
Young shrimp appears ingest after, feed 2~3 shrimp feeds daily;The feed includes component 1, component 2 and component 3;
The component 1 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:20~30 parts of fish meal, 15~25 parts of fermented bean dregs, corn flour 15~ 25 parts, 1~5 part of yeast powder, 10~15 parts of distiller's dried grain, 5~10 parts of organic vegetable powder, 1~3 part of selenium methionine, spirulina powder 1~ 3 parts, 1~3 part of pine needle meal, 1~3 part of multi-vitamins, 1~3 part of composite mineral matter;
The component 2 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:3~5 parts of oyster shell whiting, 3~6 parts of egg pupa powder, 5~10 parts of earthworm powder, 3~5 parts of river snails rice noodle;
The component 3 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:3~6 parts of Radix Astragali, 1~3 part of rhizome of cyrtomium, 1~3 part of the tuber of stemona, curcuma zedoary 1~2 Part, 5~10 parts of dried orange peel, 1~3 part of cordate houttuynia, 2~5 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 1~3 part of Herba Andrographitis, 1~3 part of uncured tobacco leaf, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae 1~3 Part, 1~3 part of chinaberry, 2~5 parts of burdock, 3~8 parts of hawthorn, 2~5 parts of wild chrysanthemum, 2~5 parts of cloves, 2~5 parts of purple perilla;
Young shrimp appears ingest after, the feed according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component be 1:1:1 ratio is used in mixed way; To beginning at the beginning of 3 months, the feed is 2 according to component 1, component 2 and 3 mass ratio of component:3:1 ratio is used in mixed way;
Since late March, with cage capture cray listing, the mesh of cage will customize, take to catch and stay small method greatly, directly Whole crays are caught to the greatest extent at the beginning of 5 months.
2. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described in step S5 Multi-vitamins include that mass ratio is 1~5:1~2:1~2:1~2 vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C and vitamin E.
3. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described in step S5 Composite mineral matter includes that mass ratio is 2~5:2~5:2~4:1~2:1~2:1~2 ferric sulfate, magnesium sulfate, copper sulphate, sulphur Sour manganese, zinc sulfate and sodium selenite.
4. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described in step S5 Organic vegetable powder is dry by the dehydration of organic spinach, organic carrot, organic rape, organic Chinese cabbage, organic agaric and organic mushroom It is dry, through crushing.
5. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step S5, installation Frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp can not only kill Field Pests, reduce pesticide dosage, the insect of kill can also be edible for cray.
6. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feed includes group Divide 1, component 2 and component 3;The component 1 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:25 parts of fish meal, 20 parts of fermented bean dregs, corn flour 20 parts, it is 3 parts of yeast powder, 10 parts of distiller's dried grain, 10 parts of organic vegetable powder, 2 parts of selenium methionine, 2 parts of spirulina powder, 3 parts of pine needle meal, multiple Close 2 parts of vitamin, 2 parts of composite mineral matter;The component 2 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:4 parts of oyster shell whiting, egg pupa powder 5 Part, 8 parts of earthworm powder, 5 parts of river snails rice noodle;The component 3 includes following raw material according to parts by weight:5 parts of Radix Astragali, 2 parts of rhizome of cyrtomium, the tuber of stemona 2 Part, 1 part of curcuma zedoary, 8 parts of dried orange peel, 2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 4 parts of Radix Codonopsis, 1 part of Herba Andrographitis, 2 parts of uncured tobacco leaf, 2 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, chinaberry 2 Part, 4 parts of burdock, 5 parts of hawthorn, 3 parts of wild chrysanthemum, 3 parts of cloves, 3 parts of purple perilla.
7. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in step S5, adjust The specific requirement of water quality is:Every 15~25 days, 10~20cm of water is changed, cray keeps away free-changing water when changing shell;In addition, every 20~ 30 days, by 100g/667m2Dosage full pool spilling head zeolite powder and Li Sheng elements.
8. the cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray according to claim 7, which is characterized in that in step S5, change water Using side irrigation method.
CN201810255703.7A 2018-03-27 2018-03-27 A kind of cultural method of lotus rhizome pool intercropping cray Pending CN108633801A (en)

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