CN102283154A - Method for organically and efficiently breeding Erythroculter ilishaeformis in hilly pond - Google Patents

Method for organically and efficiently breeding Erythroculter ilishaeformis in hilly pond Download PDF

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CN102283154A
CN102283154A CN201110196924XA CN201110196924A CN102283154A CN 102283154 A CN102283154 A CN 102283154A CN 201110196924X A CN201110196924X A CN 201110196924XA CN 201110196924 A CN201110196924 A CN 201110196924A CN 102283154 A CN102283154 A CN 102283154A
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water
bacterium
erythroculter ilishaeformis
seedling
pool
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赵连轩
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赵连轩
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for organically and efficiently breeding Erythroculter ilishaeformis in a hilly pond, wherein the fries culturing method mainly comprises steps of utilizing hilly micro-running water, hanging bags and fertilizing, oriented culturing, controlling algae and providing natural and palatable baits for the fries, so as to improve the survival rate. In the method, the water body is always kept fresh, tender and clean during fries culturing through mastering the changes of the water quality and spraying microecologics, particularly no disinfecting agent and pesticide are required in the culturing process, moreover, as the quality of the micro-running water is good, and sufficient nutrients are kept in the culturing pond, the fries can favorably grow and an unexpected effect can be obtained. The adult fishes culturing method mainly comprises the steps of utilizing the hilly micro-running water, feeding fodders with EM (effective microorganisms) original dew bacteria to the adult fishes, wherein no medicaments are required in the full growth period, and increasing the addition of the the microecologics in a high temperature season, so that the pond is not lack of oxygen and the fishes have normal appetites, thus, the method has the advantages of high yield and good economic benefits.

Description

The method of hills pond on a hill efficient organic ecologic breeding erythroculter ilishaeformis
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, be specifically related to a kind of cultural method of erythroculter ilishaeformis.
Background technology
Erythroculter ilishaeformis, another name sticks up face, sticks up Culter, Culter stickleback, whitefish etc., and build is bigger, and body is elongated, and is flat-sided, is wicker leaf shape.The back side is straight, a back part protuberance.Mouth is upper, and lower jaw is hard thick sharply to upwarp, and erects before mouth, makes schistostoma vertical.Eye is justified greatly.Squama is little.During erythroculter ilishaeformis belongs to, the large-scale economic freshwater fish in upper strata, action is swift and violent, is good at jumping, and has a fiery temperament, and is frightened easily.Its growth is to be the violent predacious fish of staple food with the live fish rapidly, and be staple food with plankton and aquatic insect seedling stage, the small fish shrimp that mainly eats more than 50 grams, and a small amount of young tender plant that also eats has very high economic worth.
Erythroculter ilishaeformis is distributed widely in each waters, area, China middle and lower reach of Yangtze River, is one of well-known " Taihu Lake three is white ", and all water systems in China Plain are all produced, and are maximum with Hubei, Anhui and Heilongjiang Province's output.Annual 6-7 month and 10-11 month are for fishing for the busy season.The Northeast is to fish on winter, and Song Hua River is produced the most famous.
Wild erythroculter ilishaeformis is to be the violent predacious fish of staple food with the live fish, and be staple food with plankton and aquatic insect seedling stage, the small fish shrimp that mainly eats more than 50 grams, and a small amount of young tender plant also eats.The original seed fry that artificial propagation is come out, in nutrition period outside interior nutrition turns to period, one sells until marketable fish, the overall process artificial feed of all can throwing something and feeding.As soya-bean milk, bloom, eel material, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, peanut press pulp, soyabean cake or fish gruel, fish slurry, fish grain etc.The total man worker's manufactured feed of can throwing something and feeding more than 3-4 centimetre, preferably buoyancy material, and water plants such as blue or green duckweed, red duckweed, browse, tender dish etc.Certainly, through domestication, also living fish again again.The growth rate it makes no odds of the high-quality of the throwing something and feeding artificial feed and the live fish of throwing something and feeding.
Not seeing at present has pond on a hill area, hills to culture the report of erythroculter ilishaeformis.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides the method for a kind of hills pond on a hill efficient organic ecologic breeding erythroculter ilishaeformis.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
The method of a kind of hills pond on a hill efficient organic ecologic breeding erythroculter ilishaeformis comprises the steps:
(1) breed of erythroculter ilishaeformis seed:
Select to cultivate 8 mu of pool areas, into discharge outlet is arranged, the end, is smooth, and mud is few, and the depth of water can keep 2 meters, and the water source is a perennial draingage, and water quality people is capable of direct drinking, joins one of one in aerator and water pump;
Throw seedling and used lime disinfection in preceding 10 days, doing pool quicklime consumption is 100 kilograms every mu, change the slurry full pool spilling head, put seedling and intake before 3 days, after the water filling, fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising, simultaneously, 1 meter of every mu of depth of water melts brown sugar earlier with 1 kilogram in 1 kilogram of the former dew of EM bacterium and brown sugar with warm boiling water, pour the former dew of EM bacterium into and stir evenly, band water full pool spilling head;
Mid-June, throw every mu 10,000 tail of erythroculter ilishaeformis fry, throw seedling and carry out, after the week in the water inlet, fresh fish slurry and marine fish expanded pellet diet are are alternately thrown something and fed every day, day feeds 3~4 times, joins EM former dew bacterium and brown sugar simultaneously and splashes along pool side, every day 1~2 time, 1 meter of each every mu of depth of water is with 1 kilogram in 1 kilogram of the former dew of EM bacterium and brown sugar, earlier brown sugar is melted with warm boiling water, pour the former dew of EM bacterium into and stir evenly, band water full pool spilling head; Join No. 0 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet to the erythroculter ilishaeformis fry is long to changing more than 7 centimeters, feed is used No. 1 material of Culter fish expanded pellet diet instead till the cold weather erythroculter ilishaeformis is not eaten after September, selects sunny calm weather suitably to throw something and feed afterwards, guarantees that fry kind fat in winter does not subtract;
Through 5~6 months cultivation, erythroculter ilishaeformis fish large size seedling seed, wherein 16~19 centimeters of length nearly 90%;
(2) breed of mature fish of Erythroculter ilishaeformis:
Select to culture 25 mu of pool areas, into discharge outlet is arranged, the end, is smooth, and mud is few, and the depth of water can keep more than 2.2 meters, and the water source is a perennial draingage, and water quality people is capable of direct drinking, joins one of three in aerator, one of feed throw-in machine and water pump;
The extensive fry that step (1) is obtained is put to drop into and used lime disinfection in preceding 10 days, does 100 kilograms every mu of pool quicklime consumptions, changes the slurry full pool spilling head, the big specification fry input that step (1) obtains was intake before 3 days, after the water filling, fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising, cultivate water quality;
Before and after January, select the fine big specification fry that step (1) obtains of throwing in, put 16~19 centimeters of seedling specifications, mu is put seedling 1100 tails, puts 6 tails/kilogram silver carp seedling, 15 every mu; Whitefish expanded pellet diet No. 2 material by the end of March begin to throw something and feed, open the feed throw-in machine feeding at fine noon, one week is after two weeks, the feed day throwing amount of erythroculter ilishaeformis 3~4 times, to May, feed is used No. 2 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet instead and is added the former dew of EM bacterium, add the input of the former dew of double EM bacterium during high temperature, rise by the end of October and catch, average specification is more than 600 grams, and the listing rate reaches 100%.
Wherein, described fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising for 22~25 ℃ of bottom fermentations of chicken manure more than 2 days, and the woven bag of packing into of the chicken manure after will ferment then is suspended on pool side, is immersed in and applies fertilizer in the water, 100 kilograms of every mu of water surface use chicken manures.、
Wherein, No. 2 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet add the requirement interpolation of the amount of the former dew of EM bacterium according to the former dew of EM bacterium operation instructions.
Wherein, in the process of at every turn throwing something and feeding of feed, dosage is all had enough not eat with fish and is as the criterion.
Beneficial effect: the breed of fry mainly utilizes hills miniflow water, hangs bag fertilising, directive breeding, control algae, provides fry sufficient natural agreeable to the taste bait in the inventive method, improves survival rate.By grasping change of water quality, the probiotics of splashing, it is alive, tender, refreshing that water body is remained in cultivating the seed process, especially need not any disinfectant and insecticide in cultivating process, it is good to add miniflow water water quality, cultivate the sufficient nutrient of maintenance in the pond, help the fry growth, obtained beyond thought effect.The breed of adult fish mainly is to utilize hills miniflow water, and feed cooperates former dews of EM bacterium to throw something and feed, and full vegetative period need not any medicine, the input of high temperature season increasing probiotics, and the pond is anoxic not, and fish food amount is normal, and output and economic benefit have advantage very much.
Embodiment
According to following embodiment, the present invention may be better understood.Yet, those skilled in the art will readily understand that the described concrete content of embodiment only is used to illustrate the present invention, and should also can not limit the present invention described in detail in claims.
Embodiment 1: the breed of erythroculter ilishaeformis seed
Utilize the high low head of pond on a hill, the miniflow water planting is educated fingerlings of large-sized Erythroculter ilishaeformis, and concrete grammar is as follows:
Select to cultivate 8 mu of pool areas, rectangle has into discharge outlet, and the end is smooth, and mud is few, and the depth of water can keep 2 meters, and the water source is a perennial draingage, and water quality people is capable of direct drinking, joins one of one in 3 kilowatts of aerators and water pump;
Throw seedling and used lime disinfection in preceding 10 days, doing pool quicklime consumption is 100 kilograms every mu, changes the slurry full pool spilling head, puts seedling and intakes before 3 days, and water inlet filters with 40 order net thin,tough silk.After the water filling, fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising, be about to 22~25 ℃ of bottom fermentations of chicken manure more than 2 days, chicken manure after will fermenting the then woven bag of packing into, is suspended on pool side by every packed 25 kilograms, be immersed in the water, rich water slowly trickling comes out to apply fertilizer, and every mu of water surface uses 100 kilograms of chicken manures.Simultaneously, 1 meter of every mu of depth of water melts brown sugar earlier with 1 kilogram in 1 kilogram of the former dew of EM bacterium and brown sugar with warm boiling water, pour the former dew of EM bacterium into and stir evenly, and is with the water full pool spilling head.
Mid-June, throw every mu 10,000 tail of erythroculter ilishaeformis fry, to throw seedling and carry out in the water inlet, water inlet needs miniflow water, can increase the oxygen content of water like this, improves seed muscle power and survival rate.After one week, fresh fish slurry and marine fish expanded pellet diet are are alternately thrown something and fed every day, and (the fresh fish slurry can directly be bought or buy and ice the fresh fish piece and rub into mud; The marine fish expanded pellet diet is that day nation produces, protein content 44% is is alternately thrown something and fed and one day hello fresh fish slurry second day hello marine fish expanded pellet diet every day, hocket every day), day feeds 3~4 times, joins EM former dew bacterium and brown sugar simultaneously and splashes along pool side, every day 1~2 time, 1 meter of each every mu of depth of water is with 1 kilogram in 1 kilogram of the former dew of EM bacterium and brown sugar, earlier brown sugar is melted with warm boiling water, pour the former dew of EM bacterium into and stir evenly, band water full pool spilling head.Join day nation and produce No. 0 material of a whitefish expanded pellet diet (protein content 44%) to long the changing of erythroculter ilishaeformis fry to feed more than 7 centimeters, feed is used day nation instead and is produced expanded No. 1 material of Culter fish (protein content 44%) till the cold weather erythroculter ilishaeformis is not eaten after September, select sunny calm weather suitably to throw something and feed afterwards, guarantee that fry kind fat in winter does not subtract;
Through 5~6 months cultivation, erythroculter ilishaeformis fish large size seedling seed, wherein 16~19 centimeters of length nearly 90%, obtains fingerling 7.1 ten thousand tails, and survival rate reaches 80%.
Embodiment 2: the breed of mature fish of Erythroculter ilishaeformis
Select to culture 25 mu of pool areas, rectangle has into discharge outlet, and the end is smooth, and mud is few, and the depth of water can keep more than 2.2 meters, and the water source is a perennial draingage, and water quality people is capable of direct drinking, joins three in 3 kilowatts of aerators, one of one, 6 cun water pump of feed throw-in machine.
The extensive fry that embodiment 1 is obtained is put to drop into and used lime disinfection in preceding 10 days, do 100 kilograms every mu of pool quicklime consumptions, change the slurry full pool spilling head, the big specification fry input that embodiment 1 obtains was intake before 3 days, after the water filling, fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising, be about to 22~25 ℃ of bottom fermentations of chicken manure more than 2 days, chicken manure after will fermenting the then woven bag of packing into, is suspended on pool side by every packed 25 kilograms, be immersed in the water, rich water slowly trickling comes out to apply fertilizer, and every mu of water surface uses 100 kilograms of chicken manures, cultivates water quality.
In the January of around the best time that puts seed, the survival rate height, the big specification fry of selecting the fine embodiment 1 of input to obtain is put 16~19 centimeters of seedling specifications, and mu is put seedling 1100 tails, puts 6 tails/kilogram silver carp seedling, 15 every mu; Day nation's product whitefish No. 2 material of expanded pellet diet (protein content 44%) by the end of March begin to throw something and feed, open the feed throw-in machine feeding at fine noon, one week is after two weeks, the feed day throwing amount of erythroculter ilishaeformis 3~4 times, to May, feed is used No. 2 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet instead and is added the former dew of EM bacterium (consumption of the former dew of EM bacterium adds according to the requirement of the former dew of EM bacterium operation instructions, and general 100 kilograms of feeds are joined the 1 kilogram of former dew of EM bacterium).Feed adds the input of the former dew of double EM bacterium during high temperature, rises by the end of October and catches, and average specification is more than 600 grams, and the listing rate reaches 100%.

Claims (3)

1. the method for a hills pond on a hill efficient organic ecologic breeding erythroculter ilishaeformis is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) breed of erythroculter ilishaeformis seed:
Select to cultivate 8 mu of pool areas, into discharge outlet is arranged, the end, is smooth, and mud is few, and the depth of water can keep 2 meters, and the water source is a perennial draingage, and water quality people is capable of direct drinking, joins one of one in aerator and water pump;
Throw seedling and used lime disinfection in preceding 10 days, doing pool quicklime consumption is 100 kilograms every mu, change the slurry full pool spilling head, put seedling and intake before 3 days, after the water filling, fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising, simultaneously, 1 meter of every mu of depth of water melts brown sugar earlier with 1 kilogram in 1 kilogram of the former dew of EM bacterium and brown sugar with warm boiling water, pour the former dew of EM bacterium into and stir evenly, band water full pool spilling head;
Mid-June, throw every mu 10,000 tail of erythroculter ilishaeformis fry, throw seedling and carry out, after the week in the water inlet, fresh fish slurry and marine fish expanded pellet diet are are alternately thrown something and fed every day, day feeds 3~4 times, joins EM former dew bacterium and brown sugar simultaneously and splashes along pool side, every day 1~2 time, 1 meter of each every mu of depth of water is with 1 kilogram in 1 kilogram of the former dew of EM bacterium and brown sugar, earlier brown sugar is melted with warm boiling water, pour the former dew of EM bacterium into and stir evenly, band water full pool spilling head; Join No. 0 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet to the erythroculter ilishaeformis fry is long to changing more than 7 centimeters, feed is used No. 1 material of Culter fish expanded pellet diet instead till the cold weather erythroculter ilishaeformis is not eaten after September, selects sunny calm weather suitably to throw something and feed afterwards, guarantees that fry kind fat in winter does not subtract;
Through 5~6 months cultivation, erythroculter ilishaeformis fish large size seedling seed, wherein 16~19 centimeters of length nearly 90%;
(2) breed of mature fish of Erythroculter ilishaeformis:
Select to culture 25 mu of pool areas, into discharge outlet is arranged, the end, is smooth, and mud is few, and the depth of water can keep more than 2.2 meters, and the water source is a perennial draingage, and water quality people is capable of direct drinking, joins one of three in aerator, one of feed throw-in machine and water pump;
The extensive fry that step (1) is obtained is put to drop into and used lime disinfection in preceding 10 days, does 100 kilograms every mu of pool quicklime consumptions, changes the slurry full pool spilling head, the big specification fry that step (1) is obtained is dropped into water inlet before preceding 3 days, after the water filling, fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising, cultivate water quality;
Before and after January, select the fine big specification fry that step (1) obtains of throwing in, put 16~19 centimeters of seedling specifications, mu is put seedling 1100 tails, puts 6 tails/kilogram silver carp seedling, 15 every mu; Whitefish expanded pellet diet No. 2 material by the end of March begin to throw something and feed, open the feed throw-in machine feeding at fine noon, one week is after two weeks, the feed day throwing amount of erythroculter ilishaeformis 3~4 times, to May, No. 2 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet add the former dew of EM bacterium, add the input of the former dew of double EM bacterium during high temperature, rise by the end of October and catch, average specification is more than 600 grams, and the listing rate reaches 100%.
2. the method for a kind of hills according to claim 1 pond on a hill efficient organic ecologic breeding erythroculter ilishaeformis, it is characterized in that, described fermentation poultry dung is hung the bag fertilising for 22~25 ℃ of bottom fermentations of chicken manure more than 2 days, chicken manure after will fermenting the then woven bag of packing into, be suspended on pool side, be immersed in the water and apply fertilizer, every mu of water surface uses 100 kilograms of chicken manures.、
3. the method for a kind of hills according to claim 1 pond on a hill efficient organic ecologic breeding erythroculter ilishaeformis is characterized in that, No. 2 material of whitefish expanded pellet diet add the amount of the former dew of EM bacterium and add according to the requirement of the former dew of EM bacterium operation instructions.
CN201110196924XA 2011-07-14 2011-07-14 Method for organically and efficiently breeding Erythroculter ilishaeformis in hilly pond Pending CN102283154A (en)

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CN104585101A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-06 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 High-yield culturing method for whitefish
CN105875463A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-08-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 Pond high-yield culture method for Tai-lake white fish
CN108739545A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of natural lake intensive culture type whitefish cultural method
CN108739547A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of natural lake extensive cultivation type whitefish cultural method
CN110150185A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-23 中国三峡建设管理有限公司 A kind of thickness jaw triangular bream seed method for massively culturing
CN111194703A (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-05-26 广东汇海农牧科技集团有限公司 Erythroculter ilishaeformis fry breeding method

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104585101A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-06 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 High-yield culturing method for whitefish
CN105875463A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-08-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 Pond high-yield culture method for Tai-lake white fish
CN108739545A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of natural lake intensive culture type whitefish cultural method
CN108739547A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of natural lake extensive cultivation type whitefish cultural method
CN111194703A (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-05-26 广东汇海农牧科技集团有限公司 Erythroculter ilishaeformis fry breeding method
CN110150185A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-23 中国三峡建设管理有限公司 A kind of thickness jaw triangular bream seed method for massively culturing

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Application publication date: 20111221