CN104719220A - Tor brevifilis and pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed aquaculture method - Google Patents

Tor brevifilis and pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed aquaculture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104719220A
CN104719220A CN201510169002.8A CN201510169002A CN104719220A CN 104719220 A CN104719220 A CN 104719220A CN 201510169002 A CN201510169002 A CN 201510169002A CN 104719220 A CN104719220 A CN 104719220A
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China
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fish
water
vitamin
fish pond
cobastab
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CN201510169002.8A
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Inventor
周洵
章星明
李正荣
俞爱萍
凌跃进
陈冬林
沈蓓杰
魏泽能
柴继芳
胡伟
周自年
杨丽丽
汪端慧
张艳
王骏俊
周春芳
王盛
王建飞
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Jin Dong Mill Ningguo City Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Jin Dong Mill Ningguo City Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510169002.8A priority Critical patent/CN104719220A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a tor brevifilis and pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed aquaculture method. The tor brevifilis and pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed aquaculture method includes the following steps: A, selecting, repairing and maintaining a fishpond; B, cleaning and disinfecting the fishpond, wherein the fishpond is dried, flattened and exposed, and then disinfection is carried out through quick lime; C, injecting and enriching water, wherein thoroughly-decomposed organic fertilizers are evenly scattered into the fishpond; D, breeding fries, wherein at the end of April, when the water temperature is higher than or equal to 10 DEG C, young pelteobagrus fulvidracos are bred; in the beginning of June, young tor brevifilises are bred; before breeding is carried out, the fries are soaked in a potassium permanganate solution with the concentration ranging from 18 mg/L to 22 mg/L for 10 minutes to 15 minutes; E, managing feeding, wherein the everyday feeding amount is 3% to 4% of the weight of all the fishes during the period from April to June, the everyday feeding amount is 6% to 10% of the weight of all the fishes during the period from June to October, and feeding is not carried out when the water temperature is higher than or equal to 30 DEG C or the air temperature is lower than to equal to 10 DEG C; F, carrying out daily management. The tor brevifilis and pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed aquaculture method can meet the requirements of people in multiple aspects, a water area and feed are reasonably used, and the yield of the tor brevifilises and the yield of the pelteobagrus fulvidracos are increased.

Description

A kind of method of lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to the method for a kind of lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed.
Background technology
Lobe knot fish belongs to Osteichthyes, Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae, Barbinae, and fish belongs to knot, lobe knot fish subgenus.Be commonly called as: Kazakhstan department, heavy mouth, Ma Zui, cured huge.Lobe knot fish is the middle lower floor fish moved in limpid flowing water, and build is streamlined, head point, and fin is good for, and do good one of fish of swimming.It passes through through being everlasting between water-bed stone riprap, sucks at the bottom of river and on stone face with tubaeform retractile large mouth, with the fragment of benthic mollusc, aquatic insect and larva thereof, plant and thread algae for food.General 3 fish beginnings age in winter reach sexual maturity, and the egg-laying period was estimated between the 6-7 month, and mature brood fish requires to breed under Condition of Supercritical Flow.
Lobe knot fish is a kind of medium-sized economic freshwater fish, and be distributed on the south ChangJiang River, Pearl River system, be the economic fish that producing region is common, it is Fresh & Tender in Texture, be people institute eating, and fat content is high, and growth is very fast, has higher Fishery value.
And yellow cartfish feeding habits to be carnivorous be main ominivore-fish.Foraging activity is generally carried out at night, and food comprises fish, shrimp, various Lu Sheng and aquatic insect (particularly chironomus larvas), small flexible animal and other aquatic invertebrate.Sometimes also small fishes is preyed on.Its feeding habits are difference to some extent with environment and seasonal variation.Often to eat season at spring and summer the fish-egg of other fish, to cold season, in food, small fish is more, and zoobenthos reduces gradually.The yellow cartfish feeding habits that specification is different are also different, the long 2-4cm of body, mainly ingest copepoda and cladocera.The individuality of the long 5-8cm of body, mainly ingest zooplankton and aquatic insect; Individual more than more than 8cm, the mollusk that ingests (special eating earthworm) and small fishes etc.
Yellow cartfish is how movable in hydrostatic or rivers unhurried current, dwells life in the battalion end.Inhabit lake water bottom daytime, night is then swum over to layer waterborne and looks for food.Comparatively strong to the adaptive capacity of environment, so also can live under unsuitable environmental condition.The many banks in rivers and lakes of juvenile fish are looked for food.This fish belongs to temperate water fishes.Survival temperature 0-38 DEG C, optimum growth temp 25-28 DEG C, pH value range 6.0-9.0, optimum pH is 7.0-8.4.Hypoxia-resistant capacity is general, and dissolved oxygen in water grows normally when more than 3mg/L, raises the nose above water to breathe lower than occurring during 2mg/L, lower than meeting death by suffocation during 1mg/L.
But people cultivate lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish respectively now, not only can not meet the many-sided needs of people, waste waters and feed again.
Summary of the invention
Based on the technical problem that background technology exists, the present invention proposes the method for a kind of lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, both met the many-sided needs of people, again Appropriate application waters and feed, improve the output of lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish.
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes and the method for yellow cartfish mixed breed, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 3335-5336m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 1.5-2m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 55-65 order screen cloth filtered water inlet, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the control shoal of fish escapes; The rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, without obvious major groove, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, depth of water 18-22cm need be filled in fish pond, every 600-700m 2evenly splash with 110-130kg quicklime water, pond should be expired and splash, not omit a little;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 75-85cm, and diameter is the hole of 0.8-1.2m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 75-85cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 600-700m 2fertilizer after the 110-130kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7-7.3 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.4-1.6m in fish pond;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 5-7cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 2.8-3.2 tail/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 3-5cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 3.5-4 tail/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 10-15min of 18-22mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for the 3-4% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for the 6-10% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.5 ± 0.1m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 2 ± 0.1m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 4.5-5.5mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 600-700m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7-7.8 with 14-16kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table.
Preferably, the raw material of fertilizer comprises by weight: broomcorn straw 15-18 part, maize straw 14-17 part, dregs of beans 20-25 part, peanut meal 25-28 part, peanut hull meal 8-11 part, chicken manure 16-20 part, horsehit 18-21 part, rabbit excrement 5-8 part, silkworm excrement 3-6 part, vinasse 25-30 part, manioc waste 15-18 part, sugared slag 5-8 part, mushroom bacteria slag 20-23 part, ash 10-15 part.
Preferably, mixed feed comprises by weight: stick up mouth flesh of fish 15-25 part, wheat head flesh of fish 10-15 part, goby meat 10-20 part, oil meal bar meat 10-15 part, informal voucher flesh of fish 10-20 part, freshwater shrimp 5-10 part, shrimp 10-15 part, water flea 12-15 part, maggot 10-15 part, expanded soybean 30-40 part, soybean curb residue 10-15 part, fermented peanut meal 20-25 part, corn protein powder 10-20 part, soybean protein 5-10 part, corn oil 5-8 part, vitamin A 1.5-1.8 part, vitamin D 30.21-0.25 part, vitamin E 2-3 part, vitamin K 30.05-0.1 part, Cobastab 11.5-2.5 part, Cobastab 20.6-1 part, Cobastab 31.5-1.8 part, Cobastab 120.5-0.8 part, folic acid 0.5-1 part, vitamin C 1.5-3 part, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2-0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4-0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4-0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06-0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3-0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04-0.15 part.
Preferably, the preparation method of mixed feed is: after sticking up the mouth flesh of fish, the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil meal bar meat, the informal voucher flesh of fish, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea and maggot mixing, being dried to moisture is that 10-15wt% obtains the first material, after first material and expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein are mixed, pulverize, cross 50-60 mesh sieve and obtain the second material; By vitamin A, vitamin D 3, vitamin E, vitamin K 3add in corn oil, after dissolving completely, obtain 3 material; By Cobastab 1, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 3, Cobastab 12, folic acid, vitamin C, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, sodium selenite, calcium iodide, manganese sulphate add in clear water, obtains 4 materials after dissolving completely; 3 material and 4 materials are added after stirring in the second material, granulation, cold air drying obtains mixed feed.
Preferably, the protein content of artificial grain's feed is 36-42wt%.
Preferably, artificial grain's feed comprises by weight: popcorn 20-30 part, dregs of beans 30-40 part, fermented peanut meal 40-50 part, corn protein powder 10-20 part, skim milk powder 20-30 part, egg 5-15 part, malic acid 5-10 part, raisin seed oil 5-8 part, vitamin A 1.5-1.8 part, vitamin D 30.21-0.25 part, vitamin E 2-3 part, vitamin K 30.05-0.1 part, Cobastab 11.5-2.5 part, Cobastab 20.6-1 part, Cobastab 31.5-1.8 part, Cobastab 120.5-0.8 part, folic acid 0.5-1 part, vitamin C 1.5-3 part, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2-0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4-0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4-0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06-0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3-0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04-0.15 part.
The preparation method of artificial grain's feed is: after popcorn, dregs of beans, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, skim milk powder, egg and malic acid being mixed, pulverize, and crosses 50-60 mesh sieve and obtains material A; By vitamin A, vitamin D 3, vitamin E, vitamin K 3add in raisin seed oil, after dissolving completely, obtain material B; By Cobastab 1, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 3, Cobastab 12, folic acid, vitamin C, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, sodium selenite, calcium iodide, manganese sulphate add in clear water, obtains material C after dissolving completely; Added by material B and material C after stirring in material A, granulation, cold air drying obtains artificial grain's feed.
Preferably, microorganism formulation is made up of the former dew of EM, silicate bacterium, streptococcus fecalis, Trichoderma, Rhodopseudomonas palustris and saccharomycete.
The present invention, by finishing fish pond and sterilization of cleaning up the pond, removes the residual bait bottom fish pond, ight soil, wild fishes shrimp, plankton, pasture and water, Tibetan mud biology and other benthons are (as shellfish, spiral shell), humus, reduces bottom organics and decomposes oxygen consumption, and can improve water quality, reduces organic fermentation and produces ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, the pernicious gases such as methane, also utilize ultraviolet to kill various virus, bacterium and parasite etc., reduce pathogeny, create good environment, reduce the incidence of disease of fish, highly basic slaked lime is generated again by quicklime water, and release a large amount of heat, its hydroxide ion can make the pH value of Chi Shui bring up to more than 11 at short notice, thus sterilizing and the object of killing harmful organisms can be reached rapidly further, and slaked lime and carbon dioxide reaction generate calcium carbonate, make the structure that the mud bottom fish pond becomes loose, improve mud aeration condition, accelerate bed mud organic matter decomposition, add the metathesis of calcium, discharge the nitrogen adsorbed by mud, phosphorus, the nutrients such as potassium, make Chi Shui grow fat, and can play the effect of fertilising indirectly, fertilizer is become thoroughly decomposed through high temperature, kill most of pathogen and worm's ovum in fertilizer, reduce damage by disease and insect to occur, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, make plankton amount reproduction, can be used as the starter diet of lobe knot fry and yellow cartfish seedling, promote that fry puts after-opening feed in a suitable place to breed, adapt to fish pond environment as early as possible, the raw material of fertilizer comprises plant residue and animal wastes, and not only containing macroelement, trace element that plant is required, also containing abundant organic nutrient, and the organic acid of decomposition generation of becoming thoroughly decomposed can also promote the dissolving of mineral nutrient, fry adopts liquor potassic permanganate to soak before putting in a suitable place to breed, to kill the microorganism of fry body surface, reduces the ill probability of fry, to put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤and 2 DEG C, the stress reaction that produces of minimizing fry replacing living environment, by controlling feeding volume and the protein content of difference month feed, make lobe knot fry and yellow cartfish seedling can continue to increase weightening finish, the output of both raisings, change water by daily management duty, maintain water body dissolved oxygen and pH value in fish pond, promote that lobe knot fry and yellow cartfish seedling increase weightening finish, the survival rate of both raisings further.
And mixed feed adopts animal feed component and manufactured feed component to combine to stick up the mouth flesh of fish, the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil meal bar meat, the informal voucher flesh of fish, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea, maggot and fish meal as animal feed component, meet the eating habit of lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish, and above-mentioned raw materials is insect, shrimps and fish, be high protein and low fat food, meet the nutritional need that lobe knot sashimi (raw fish) is long; Using expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein, corn oil, vitamin and mineral matter as manufactured feed component, wherein expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein mixing are as high protein and low fat food, promote lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish weightening finish; And the adding of corn oil, vitamin and mineral matter, lobe knot fish and the vitamin needed for yellow cartfish and mineral matter can be met, prevent lobe from tying fish and yellow cartfish due to some vitamin and/or microelement deficiencies, cause some enzyme in body to synthesize, thus cause lobe to tie fish and yellow cartfish sick; And artificial grain's feed adopts popcorn, dregs of beans, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, skim milk powder, egg, malic acid, raisin seed oil, vitamin and mineral matter, not only meet needed for lobe knot fish and the daily growth of yellow cartfish, promote that lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish increase weightening finish, also reduce feed cost.
Embodiment
Below, by specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes and the method for yellow cartfish mixed breed, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 3335m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 2m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 55 order screen cloth filtered water inlets, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 22cm, every 600m 2evenly splash with 130kg quicklime water;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 75cm, and diameter is the hole of 1.2m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 75cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 700m 2fertilizer after the 110kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7.3 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.4m in fish pond;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 7cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 2.8 tails/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 5cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 3.5 tails/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 10min of 22mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for 4% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for 6% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
Wherein, mixed feed comprises by weight: stick up mouth and oppress 15 parts, the wheat head oppresses 15 parts, goby meat 10 parts, oil meal bar meat 15 parts, informal voucher oppresses 10 parts, freshwater shrimp 10 parts, shrimp 10 parts, water flea 15 parts, maggot 10 parts, expanded soybean 40 parts, soybean curb residue 10 parts, fermented peanut meal 25 parts, corn protein powder 10 parts, soybean protein 10 parts, corn oil 5 parts, vitamin A 1.8 parts, vitamin D 30.21 part, vitamin E 3 parts, vitamin K 30.05 part, Cobastab 12.5 parts, Cobastab 20.6 part, Cobastab 31.8 parts, Cobastab 120.5 part, 1 part, folic acid, vitamin C 1.5 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06 part, calcium iodide 0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04 part;
The preparation method of mixed feed is: after sticking up the mouth flesh of fish, the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil meal bar meat, the informal voucher flesh of fish, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea and maggot mixing, being dried to moisture is that 15wt% obtains the first material, after first material and expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein are mixed, pulverize, cross 50 mesh sieves and obtain the second material; By vitamin A, vitamin D 3, vitamin E, vitamin K 3add in corn oil, after dissolving completely, obtain 3 material; By Cobastab 1, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 3, Cobastab 12, folic acid, vitamin C, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, sodium selenite, calcium iodide, manganese sulphate add in clear water, obtains 4 materials after dissolving completely; 3 material and 4 materials are added after stirring in the second material, granulation, cold air drying obtains mixed feed;
The protein content of artificial grain's feed is 36wt%;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.6m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 1.9m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 5.5mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 600m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7 with 16kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table.
Embodiment 2
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes and the method for yellow cartfish mixed breed, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 5336m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 1.5m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 65 order screen cloth filtered water inlets, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 18cm, every 700m 2evenly splash with 110kg quicklime water;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 85cm, and diameter is the hole of 0.8m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 85cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 600m 2fertilizer after the 130kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.4m in fish pond;
Wherein the raw material of fertilizer comprises by weight: broomcorn straw 15 parts, maize straw 17 parts, dregs of beans 20 parts, peanut meal 28 parts, peanut hull meal 8 parts, chicken manure 20 parts, horsehit 18 parts, 8 parts, rabbit excrement, silkworm excrement 3 parts, 30 parts, vinasse, manioc waste 15 parts, sugared slag 8 parts, mushroom bacteria slag 20 parts, ash 15 parts;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 5cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 3.2 tails/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 3cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 4 tails/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 15min of 18mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for 3% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for 10% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
Wherein, artificial grain's feed comprises by weight: popcorn 20 parts, dregs of beans 40 parts, fermented peanut meal 40 parts, corn protein powder 20 parts, skim milk powder 20 parts, egg 15 parts, malic acid 5 parts, raisin seed oil 8 parts, vitamin A 1.5 parts, vitamin D 30.25 part, vitamin E 2 parts, vitamin K 30.1 part, Cobastab 11.5 parts, Cobastab 21 part, Cobastab 31.5 parts, Cobastab 120.8 part, 0.5 part, folic acid, vitamin C 3 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4 part, sodium selenite 0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3 part, manganese sulphate 0.15 part;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.4m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 2.1m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 4.5mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 700m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7.8 with 14kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table, wherein microorganism formulation is made up of the former dew of EM, silicate bacterium, streptococcus fecalis, Trichoderma, Rhodopseudomonas palustris and saccharomycete.
Embodiment 3
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes and the method for yellow cartfish mixed breed, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 4002m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 1.7m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 58 order screen cloth filtered water inlets, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 21cm, every 670m 2evenly splash with 125kg quicklime water;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 73cm, and diameter is the hole of 1.1m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 75-85cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 680m 2fertilizer after the 115kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7.1 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.5m in fish pond;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 5.5cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 2.9 tails/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 4.5cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 3.8 tails/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 14min of 19mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
Wherein, mixed feed comprises by weight: stick up mouth and oppress 25 parts, the wheat head oppresses 10 parts, goby meat 20 parts, oil meal bar meat 10 parts, informal voucher oppresses 20 parts, freshwater shrimp 5 parts, shrimp 15 parts, water flea 12 parts, maggot 15 parts, expanded soybean 30 parts, soybean curb residue 15 parts, fermented peanut meal 20 parts, corn protein powder 20 parts, soybean protein 5 parts, corn oil 8 parts, vitamin A 1.5 parts, vitamin D 30.25 part, vitamin E 2 parts, vitamin K 30.1 part, Cobastab 11.5 parts, Cobastab 21 part, Cobastab 31.5 parts, Cobastab 120.8 part, 0.5 part, folic acid, vitamin C 3 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4 part, sodium selenite 0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3 part, manganese sulphate 0.15 part;
The preparation method of mixed feed is: after sticking up the mouth flesh of fish, the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil meal bar meat, the informal voucher flesh of fish, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea and maggot mixing, being dried to moisture is that 10wt% obtains the first material, after first material and expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein are mixed, pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves and obtain the second material; By vitamin A, vitamin D 3, vitamin E, vitamin K 3add in corn oil, after dissolving completely, obtain 3 material; By Cobastab 1, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 3, Cobastab 12, folic acid, vitamin C, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, sodium selenite, calcium iodide, manganese sulphate add in clear water, obtains 4 materials after dissolving completely; 3 material and 4 materials are added after stirring in the second material, granulation, cold air drying obtains mixed feed;
The protein content of artificial grain's feed is 42wt%;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for 3.6% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for 9% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.5m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 2m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 4.8mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 670m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7.5 with 16.4kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table.
Embodiment 4
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes and the method for yellow cartfish mixed breed, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 4669m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 1.8m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 62 order screen cloth filtered water inlets, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 19cm, every 620m 2evenly splash with 115kg quicklime water;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 79cm, and diameter is the hole of 0.9m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 75-85cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 620m 2fertilizer after the 125kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7.2 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.5m in fish pond;
Wherein the raw material of fertilizer comprises by weight: broomcorn straw 18 parts, maize straw 14 parts, dregs of beans 25 parts, peanut meal 25 parts, peanut hull meal 11 parts, chicken manure 16 parts, horsehit 21 parts, 5 parts, rabbit excrement, silkworm excrement 6 parts, 25 parts, vinasse, manioc waste 18 parts, sugared slag 5 parts, mushroom bacteria slag 23 parts, ash 10 parts;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 6.5cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 3.1 tails/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 3.5cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 3.6 tails/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 11min of 21mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for 3.4% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for 7% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
Wherein, artificial grain's feed comprises by weight: popcorn 30 parts, dregs of beans 30 parts, fermented peanut meal 50 parts, corn protein powder 10 parts, skim milk powder 30 parts, egg 5 parts, malic acid 10 parts, raisin seed oil 5 parts, vitamin A 1.8 parts, vitamin D 30.21 part, vitamin E 3 parts, vitamin K 30.05 part, Cobastab 12.5 parts, Cobastab 20.6 part, Cobastab 31.8 parts, Cobastab 120.5 part, 1 part, folic acid, vitamin C 1.5 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06 part, calcium iodide 0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04 part;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.5m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 2m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 5.2mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 630m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7.3 with 14.6kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table, wherein microorganism formulation is made up of the former dew of EM, silicate bacterium, streptococcus fecalis, Trichoderma, Rhodopseudomonas palustris and saccharomycete.
Embodiment 5
A kind of lobe knot fish that the present invention proposes and the method for yellow cartfish mixed breed, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 4336m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 1.8m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 60 order screen cloth filtered water inlets, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 20cm, every 650m 2evenly splash with 120kg quicklime water;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 80cm, and diameter is the hole of 1m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 80cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 650m 2fertilizer after the 120kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7.2 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.5m in fish pond;
Wherein the raw material of fertilizer comprises by weight: broomcorn straw 16 parts, maize straw 15 parts, dregs of beans 22 parts, peanut meal 27 parts, peanut hull meal 10 parts, chicken manure 18 parts, horsehit 20 parts, 6 parts, rabbit excrement, silkworm excrement 4 parts, 28 parts, vinasse, manioc waste 16 parts, sugared slag 7 parts, mushroom bacteria slag 22 parts, ash 13 parts;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 6cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 3 tails/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 4cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 3.8 tails/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 13min of 20mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for 3.5% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for 8% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
Wherein, mixed feed comprises by weight: stick up mouth and oppress 20 parts, the wheat head oppresses 13 parts, goby meat 15 parts, oil meal bar meat 12 parts, informal voucher oppresses 15 parts, freshwater shrimp 8 parts, shrimp 12 parts, water flea 14 parts, maggot 13 parts, expanded soybean 35 parts, soybean curb residue 12 parts, fermented peanut meal 23 parts, corn protein powder 15 parts, soybean protein 7 parts, corn oil 6 parts, vitamin A 1.6 parts, vitamin D 30.23 part, vitamin E 2.5 parts, vitamin K 30.08 part, Cobastab 12 parts, Cobastab 20.8 part, Cobastab 31.7 parts, Cobastab 120.6 part, 0.8 part, folic acid, vitamin C 2.6 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.3 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.6 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.5 part, sodium selenite 0.12 part, calcium iodide 0.5 part, manganese sulphate 0.1 part;
The preparation method of mixed feed is: after sticking up the mouth flesh of fish, the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil meal bar meat, the informal voucher flesh of fish, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea and maggot mixing, being dried to moisture is that 12wt% obtains the first material, after first material and expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein are mixed, pulverize, cross 55 mesh sieves and obtain the second material; By vitamin A, vitamin D 3, vitamin E, vitamin K 3add in corn oil, after dissolving completely, obtain 3 material; By Cobastab 1, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 3, Cobastab 12, folic acid, vitamin C, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, sodium selenite, calcium iodide, manganese sulphate add in clear water, obtains 4 materials after dissolving completely; 3 material and 4 materials are added after stirring in the second material, granulation, cold air drying obtains mixed feed;
Artificial grain's feed comprises by weight: popcorn 25 parts, dregs of beans 35 parts, fermented peanut meal 45 parts, corn protein powder 15 parts, skim milk powder 25 parts, egg 10 parts, malic acid 8 parts, raisin seed oil 6 parts, vitamin A 1.7 parts, vitamin D 30.23 part, vitamin E 2.5 parts, vitamin K 30.08 part, Cobastab 12 parts, Cobastab 20.8 part, Cobastab 31.6 parts, Cobastab 120.7 part, 0.8 part, folic acid, vitamin C 2.4 parts, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.3 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.6 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.5 part, sodium selenite 0.12 part, calcium iodide 0.5 part, manganese sulphate 0.12 part;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.5m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 2m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 5mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 650m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7.4 with 15kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table, wherein microorganism formulation is made up of the former dew of EM, silicate bacterium, streptococcus fecalis, Trichoderma, Rhodopseudomonas palustris and saccharomycete.
The above; be only the present invention's preferably embodiment; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof and replace or change, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a method for lobe knot fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
A, fish pond are selected and finishing: fish pond area is 3335-5336m 2, the dark 15cm of mud, depth of water 1.5-2m at the bottom of pond, fish pond, the ridge, fish pond height 2.5m, ridge face width 3m, surrounding is open, and Wu great Shu blocks, and ventilation condition is good; Fish pond is east-west rectangle, wherein water inlet 55-65 order screen cloth filtered water inlet, and discharge outlet is established to block and escaped net, and the rotund bait table that close eye net surrounds is set up in leeward, every 667m 2set up 3 bait table; Fish pond is equipped with aerator;
B, sterilization of cleaning up the pond: the process of the dry pool is carried out in fish pond, then smooth by carrying out bottom fish pond, after being exposed to the sun 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 18-22cm, every 600-700m 2evenly splash with 110-130kg quicklime water;
C, water filling rich water: digging out the degree of depth at fish pond periphery is 75-85cm, and diameter is the hole of 0.8-1.2m, is poured into by fertilizer in hole, then covers earth and becomes thoroughly decomposed, quicklime that earth is splashed; After 1 week, in fish pond, be filled to depth of water 75-85cm, then the fertilizer after becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly is splashed in fish pond, every 600-700m 2fertilizer after the 110-130kg that splashes becomes thoroughly decomposed; After 1 week, quicklime of then splashing in fish pond is 7-7.3 to pH, then continues to be filled to depth of water 1.4-1.6m in fish pond;
D, fry are put in a suitable place to breed: time at the bottom of April, and when water temperature>=10 DEG C, put the long yellow cartfish seedling for 5-7cm of average body in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of yellow cartfish seedling is 2.8-3.2 tail/m 2; Time at the beginning of 6 months, put the average body long knot of the lobe for 3-5cm fry in a suitable place to breed, the breeding density of lobe knot fry is 3.5-4 tail/m 2; Fry of putting answers that gloss is bright-coloured, physique is healthy and strong, neat specification, disease-free, adhere to without parasite; Before putting in a suitable place to breed, fry dipping bath concentration is the liquor potassic permanganate 10-15min of 18-22mg/L; Put in a suitable place to breed in process, fry band coolant-temperature gage differ with fish pond water temperature≤2 DEG C;
E, management of throwing something and feeding: " regularly, fix a point, determine matter, quantitative " principle of throwing something and feeding and adhere to; Before taming and dociling food, mixed feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; After taming and dociling food, namely after fish cluster is ingested to bait table, artificial grain's feed that bait table is thrown something and fed; During 4-6 month, day feeding volume account for the 3-4% of fish body body weight; During 6-10 month, day feeding volume account for the 6-10% of fish body body weight; And when water temperature >=30 DEG C or temperature≤10 DEG C, do not throw something and feed;
F, daily management: during 4-6 month, the depth of water is 1.5 ± 0.1m; During 6-10 month, the depth of water is 2 ± 0.1m; And when or temperature>=28 DEG C time, changing water frequency is 3d/ time, changes the water that water is in discharge fish pond 1/3 at every turn, and injects new water; Timing start-up oxygenation, keeps water body dissolved oxygen in fish pond to be 4.5-5.5mg/L; Every 15d evenly splashes quicklime in fish pond, wherein every 600-700m 2the pH value in fish pond is made to be 7-7.8 with 14-16kg quicklime; Every first quarter moon adds microorganism formulation in fish pond, and cleaning sterilization bait table.
2. lobe ties the method for fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that, the raw material of fertilizer comprises by weight: broomcorn straw 15-18 part, maize straw 14-17 part, dregs of beans 20-25 part, peanut meal 25-28 part, peanut hull meal 8-11 part, chicken manure 16-20 part, horsehit 18-21 part, rabbit excrement 5-8 part, silkworm excrement 3-6 part, vinasse 25-30 part, manioc waste 15-18 part, sugar slag 5-8 part, mushroom bacteria slag 20-23 part, ash 10-15 part.
3. according to claim 1 or 2, lobe ties the method for fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, it is characterized in that, mixed feed comprises by weight: stick up mouth flesh of fish 15-25 part, wheat head flesh of fish 10-15 part, goby meat 10-20 part, oil meal bar meat 10-15 part, informal voucher flesh of fish 10-20 part, freshwater shrimp 5-10 part, shrimp 10-15 part, water flea 12-15 part, maggot 10-15 part, expanded soybean 30-40 part, soybean curb residue 10-15 part, fermented peanut meal 20-25 part, corn protein powder 10-20 part, soybean protein 5-10 part, corn oil 5-8 part, vitamin A 1.5-1.8 part, vitamin D 30.21-0.25 part, vitamin E 2-3 part, vitamin K 30.05-0.1 part, Cobastab 11.5-2.5 part, Cobastab 20.6-1 part, Cobastab 31.5-1.8 part, Cobastab 120.5-0.8 part, folic acid 0.5-1 part, vitamin C 1.5-3 part, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2-0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4-0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4-0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06-0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3-0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04-0.15 part.
4. according to any one of claim 1-3, lobe ties the method for fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, it is characterized in that, the preparation method of mixed feed is: after sticking up the mouth flesh of fish, the wheat head flesh of fish, goby meat, oil meal bar meat, the informal voucher flesh of fish, freshwater shrimp, shrimp, water flea and maggot mixing, being dried to moisture is that 10-15wt% obtains the first material, after first material and expanded soybean, soybean curb residue, fermented peanut meal, corn protein powder, soybean protein are mixed, pulverize, cross 50-60 mesh sieve and obtain the second material; By vitamin A, vitamin D 3, vitamin E, vitamin K 3add in corn oil, after dissolving completely, obtain 3 material; By Cobastab 1, Cobastab 2, Cobastab 3, Cobastab 12, folic acid, vitamin C, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, sodium selenite, calcium iodide, manganese sulphate add in clear water, obtains 4 materials after dissolving completely; 3 material and 4 materials are added after stirring in the second material, granulation, cold air drying obtains mixed feed.
5. according to any one of claim 1-4, lobe ties the method for fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, and it is characterized in that, the protein content of artificial grain's feed is 36-42wt%.
6. according to any one of claim 1-5, lobe ties the method for fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, it is characterized in that, artificial grain's feed comprises by weight: popcorn 20-30 part, dregs of beans 30-40 part, fermented peanut meal 40-50 part, corn protein powder 10-20 part, skim milk powder 20-30 part, egg 5-15 part, malic acid 5-10 part, raisin seed oil 5-8 part, vitamin A 1.5-1.8 part, vitamin D 30.21-0.25 part, vitamin E 2-3 part, vitamin K 30.05-0.1 part, Cobastab 11.5-2.5 part, Cobastab 20.6-1 part, Cobastab 31.5-1.8 part, Cobastab 120.5-0.8 part, folic acid 0.5-1 part, vitamin C 1.5-3 part, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.2-0.4 part, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0.4-0.8 part, monohydrate zinc sulphate 0.4-0.6 part, sodium selenite 0.06-0.2 part, calcium iodide 0.3-0.8 part, manganese sulphate 0.04-0.15 part.
7. according to any one of claim 1-6, lobe ties the method for fish and yellow cartfish mixed breed, and it is characterized in that, microorganism formulation is made up of the former dew of EM, silicate bacterium, streptococcus fecalis, Trichoderma, Rhodopseudomonas palustris and saccharomycete.
CN201510169002.8A 2015-04-10 2015-04-10 Tor brevifilis and pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed aquaculture method Pending CN104719220A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105795158A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-07-27 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司金贸园分公司 Feed capable of preventing and treating balantidosis of mandarin fish and preparation method of feed
CN107125168A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-09-05 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 The cultural method of the delicious fresh nuisanceless crucian of one germplasm
CN107251858A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-17 舟山市普陀兴海养殖优质种苗选育研究所 A kind of cultural method of Epinephelus coioides
CN107466914A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-12-15 重庆文理学院 A kind of cultural method of ecological fish

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105795158A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-07-27 五河县金塘水产养殖有限公司金贸园分公司 Feed capable of preventing and treating balantidosis of mandarin fish and preparation method of feed
CN107125168A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-09-05 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 The cultural method of the delicious fresh nuisanceless crucian of one germplasm
CN107251858A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-17 舟山市普陀兴海养殖优质种苗选育研究所 A kind of cultural method of Epinephelus coioides
CN107466914A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-12-15 重庆文理学院 A kind of cultural method of ecological fish

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Application publication date: 20150624

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication