CN100423632C - A method for breeding large sized seed of hemibarbus maculates bleeker - Google Patents

A method for breeding large sized seed of hemibarbus maculates bleeker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100423632C
CN100423632C CNB2006100863459A CN200610086345A CN100423632C CN 100423632 C CN100423632 C CN 100423632C CN B2006100863459 A CNB2006100863459 A CN B2006100863459A CN 200610086345 A CN200610086345 A CN 200610086345A CN 100423632 C CN100423632 C CN 100423632C
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pond
fish
bait
water
feed
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CN1875696A (en
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顾金寿
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SUZHOU FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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SUZHOU FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention discloses a culture method of large size advanced fries of hemibarbus maculates bleeker, which mainly comprises the steps of pond selection, pond cleaning and disinfection, natural feed culture, the stocking of berried freshwater shrimps, stocking density control, feed feeding, water quality management, disease prevention and treatment, etc. The method firstly and successfully breaks the key point of a culture technology of large size advanced fries of hemibarbus maculates bleeker in China. Natural feed culture, the manual control of feed acclimation and conversion are originality and successfully carried out for advanced fry culture, feed feeding, etc. The culture method fills the blank of the pond culture of a technology for large size advanced fries of hemibarbus maculates bleeker in China and creates effective practice measures and means for recovering famous and good fish resources. The culture method has great social and economic benefit.

Description

A kind of breeding method of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of breeding method of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling.
Background technology
Hemibarbus maculatus (Hemibarbus maculates Bleeker) belongs to Cyprinidae, carp subfamily, carp genus in the classification, be one of China lake nature population, have a very wide distribution, and be a kind of small-sized economic freshwater fish.Hemibarbus maculatus is lived in the middle lower floor of water body, and the living insect of happiness drinking water, Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri, spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water, young freshwater mussel and fresh water mussel etc. are because of the very high favor that more and more is subjected to consumers in general of its fine and tender taste, nutritive value.But for various reasons, hemibarbus maculatus descends year by year in natural waters output, and the market comsupton demand presents the situation that supply falls short of demand, and the market price is constantly soaring, and per kilogram reaches 30~50 yuan.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention provides a kind of breeding method of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling, this method has taken the lead in successfully breaking through at home the key of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling cultivation technology, carried out the domestication of cultivation natural bait, Articial bait making originally changes food and achieves success at aspects such as seed rearing, bait feedings, filled up the blank of domestic pond rearing hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling, create the most effective Practice Measures and means to recovering the famous-particular-excellent stock of fish, had important social and economic benefit.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of breeding method of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling mainly comprises the following steps:
(1) area on the pool, hemibarbus maculatus big specification fishpond is selected to cultivate in the pond, should select 1~5 mu to be advisable, and the depth of water 1~1.5m annotates draining conveniently, and the ridge, pond is non-leakage, and 0.5~1% the gradient is arranged at the bottom of the pond, and mud is less, and an amount of pasture and water, spiral shell resource are arranged.
(2) clean up the pond sterilization before seed is put 7 days in a suitable place to breed, stay 10cm water at the bottom of the pond, every mu with quicklime 30~50kg, changes behind the water full pool spilling head sterilization of thoroughly cleaning up the pond, and the domatic of Chi Geng also must be spread across.Simultaneously in the pond central longitudinal to cunette of excavation to the delivery port place, its width is lower than at the bottom of the pond about 0.2m about 2 meters, fishes for for dried pond from now on and prepares.
(3) cultivate natural bait under field conditions (factors), the natural bait that the hemibarbus maculatus seed ingests comprises wheel animalcule, nauplius, cladocera, copepoda and zoobenthos, therefore, under situation about propagating artificially, should cultivate agreeable to the taste natural bait according to its biological property, guarantee to be ingested more fully behind the summer flower seed lower storage reservoir, improve survival rate of young and reduce cost.Putting summer flower seed forward sight pond water quality situation in a suitable place to breed, using the dried pig manure 200~300kg after fermentation for every mu, hard domatic the going up in pond that is deposited in sunny slope cultivated plankton.
(4) put the oogenesis freshwater shrimp in a suitable place to breed in freshwater shrimp mating season, can culture at hemibarbus maculatus and place 20~40 purpose PEF net cages in the pond, the oogenesis freshwater shrimp is put into net cage breed the young, 2~3kg oogenesis freshwater shrimp is put in every mu of fishpond, the young after laying eggs directly enters in the fishpond by the net cage eye, and the juvenile prawn in each stage just in time for the hemibarbus maculatus predation, helps promoting the quick growth of fish body, freshwater shrimp after laying eggs is in time taken out, and prevents that its dead back oxygen consumption from ruining water quality.
(5) every mu of stocking size of breeding density is a 2.5CM summer flower 5000--6000 tail, summer flower seed quality requirement neat specification, no damage by disease and insect and with the seed after the mixed bait domestication.
(6) behind the bait feeding fingerling stocking, except the natural bait that cultivates in the water is in the feeding state that obtains abundance all the time to satisfy seed, also should in time in time carry out the domestication and ingest, according to decision bait throwing in kind, specification and quantity such as fish body size, the situation of ingesting, weather conditions with Articial bait making.Seed size when 5cm is following, should throw something and feed powdery mixed bait or fresh fish the slurry, seed size when 5cm is above, the swelling granular bait of particle diameter of can throwing something and feeding at 1.5-3.0mm.Throw something and feed by 3~8% minutes 2 times of fish body weight every day.
(7) water quality management should be looked the pond water quality situation during hemibarbus maculatus is cultured, and regularly or irregularly adds and annotates new water, annotates about 1 about 10cm of new water in general 7-10 days, and every month transposing pond water 1 time, quantity of exchanged water is 50% of Chi Shui, to keep the pure and fresh of pond water quality, carries out the work that prevents that fish raise the nose above water to breathe.
(8) the disease control hemibarbus maculatus juvenile fish stage physique relatively a little less than, should be for disease to put prevention first, propagating artificially under the condition, because density is higher, food ration is bigger, and water quality easily worsens, except transposing Chi Shui maintenance pond water quality is pure and fresh, should observe ingesting and active situation of fish every day, the discovery damage by disease and insect should in time be checked diagnosis, in time treatment.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1. the present invention has taken the lead in successfully breaking through at home the key of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling cultivation technology, and by the observation analysis to the hemibarbus maculatus biological property, has greatly enriched the academic data of this kind.
2. the present invention has set up the hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling and has cultivated technical matters; at aspects such as seed rearing, bait feedings; adopt the domestication of cultivation natural bait and Articial bait making to combine; has unique creativeness; hemibarbus maculatus propagated artificially and improve its pond culture economic benefit have the theory and practice directive significance, for large-scale cultivation has been established technical foundation.
3. the present invention has created good ecotope by ecological technique measures such as regulating and controlling water quality, oogenesis freshwater shrimps for the breed of hemibarbus maculatus high-yield and high-efficiency, and the most effective Practice Measures and means are provided.
4. the present invention has important social benefit and economic benefit.
Embodiment
Embodiment: a kind of breeding method of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling mainly comprises the following steps:
(1) pond is selected
Cultivate the area on the pool, hemibarbus maculatus big specification fishpond, should select 1~5 mu to be advisable, the depth of water 1~1.5m annotates draining conveniently, and the ridge, pond is non-leakage, and 0.5~1% the gradient is arranged at the bottom of the pond, and mud is less, and an amount of pasture and water, spiral shell resource are arranged.
(2) sterilization of cleaning up the pond
Before seed is put 7 days in a suitable place to breed, stay 10cm water at the bottom of the pond, every mu with quicklime 30~50kg, changes behind the water full pool spilling head sterilization of thoroughly cleaning up the pond, and the domatic of Chi Geng also must be spread across.Simultaneously in the pond central longitudinal to cunette of excavation to the delivery port place, its width is lower than at the bottom of the pond about 0.2m about 2 meters, is beneficial to the end of the year dried pond and fishes for.
(3) cultivate natural bait
Under field conditions (factors), the natural bait that the hemibarbus maculatus seed ingests comprises wheel animalcule, nauplius, cladocera, copepoda and zoobenthos, therefore, under situation about propagating artificially, should cultivate agreeable to the taste natural bait according to its biological property, guarantee to be ingested more fully behind the summer flower seed lower storage reservoir, improve survival rate of young and reduce cost.Putting summer flower seed forward sight pond water quality situation in a suitable place to breed, using the dried pig manure 200~300kg after fermentation for every mu, hard domatic the going up in pond that is deposited in sunny slope cultivated plankton.
(4) put the oogenesis freshwater shrimp in a suitable place to breed
In freshwater shrimp mating season, can culture at hemibarbus maculatus and place 20~40 purpose PEF net cages in the pond, the oogenesis freshwater shrimp is put into net cage breed the young, 2~3kg oogenesis freshwater shrimp is put in every mu of fishpond, the young after laying eggs directly enters in the fishpond by the net cage eye, and the juvenile prawn in each stage just in time for the hemibarbus maculatus predation, helps promoting the quick growth of fish body, freshwater shrimp after laying eggs is in time taken out, and prevents that its dead back oxygen consumption from ruining water quality.
(5) rationally put in a suitable place to breed
Every mu of stocking size is a 2.5CM summer flower 5000--6000 tail, summer flower seed quality requirement neat specification, no damage by disease and insect and with the seed after the mixed bait domestication.
(6) bait feeding
Behind the fingerling stocking, except the natural bait that cultivates in the water is in the feeding state that obtains abundance all the time to satisfy seed, also should in time in time carry out the domestication and ingest, according to decision bait throwing in kind, specification and quantity such as fish body size, the situation of ingesting, weather conditions with Articial bait making.Seed size when 5cm is following, powdery mixed bait or the fresh fish slurry of should throwing something and feeding, as becoming eel material, fish meal material etc., seed size when 5cm is above, the swelling granular bait of particle diameter of can throwing something and feeding at 1.5--3.0mm.Throw something and feed by 3~8% minutes 2 times of fish body weight every day, generally throw something and feed the morning time 8:00 and afternoon 16:00 about.
(7) water quality management
During hemibarbus maculatus is cultured, should look the pond water quality situation, regularly or irregularly add and annotate new water, the new water 1 time of annotating in general 7-10 days, about each about 10cm, and changed pond water 1 time in every month, quantity of exchanged water is 50% of Chi Shui, to keep the pure and fresh of pond water quality, carry out the work that prevents that fish raise the nose above water to breathe.
(8) disease control
Hemibarbus maculatus juvenile fish stage physique relatively a little less than, should be for disease to put prevention first, propagating artificially under the condition, because density is higher, food ration is bigger, and water quality easily worsens, except transposing Chi Shui maintenance pond water quality is pure and fresh, should observe ingesting and active situation of fish every day, the discovery damage by disease and insect should in time be checked diagnosis, in time treatment.

Claims (3)

1. the breeding method of a hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling comprises the following steps:
(1) pond selects the nurture of fish fingerlings pond to select 1~5 mu of area, and the depth of water 1~1.5m annotates draining conveniently, and the ridge, pond is non-leakage, and 0.5~1% the gradient is arranged at the bottom of the pond, and mud is few, and an amount of pasture and water, spiral shell resource are arranged;
(2) clean up the pond sterilization before seed is put 7 days in a suitable place to breed, stay 10cm water at the bottom of the pond, every mu with quicklime 30~50kg, changes full pool spilling head behind the water;
(3) after the cultivation natural bait was cleaned up the pond 3~5 days, on the gradient of fishpond sunny slope, every mu of stacking dried pig manure 200~300kg after fermentation;
(4) put the oogenesis freshwater shrimp in a suitable place to breed in freshwater shrimp mating season, every mu with oogenesis freshwater shrimp 2~3kg, is placed on and breeds the shrimp seedling in the PEF net cage, and net cage mesh specification is 20~40 orders;
(5) every mu of stocking size of breeding density is a 2.5CM summer flower 5000--6000 tail, summer flower seed quality requirement neat specification, no damage by disease and insect and with the seed after the mixed bait domestication;
(6) bait feeding is according to fish body size, the situation of ingesting, weather condition decision bait throwing in kind, specification and quantity, seed size is when 5cm is following, should throw something and feed powdery mixed bait or fresh fish the slurry, seed size is when 5cm is above, can throw something and feed particle diameter at the swelling granular bait of 1.5-3.0mm, and throw something and feed by 3~8% minutes 2 times of fish body weight every day;
(7) water quality management is looked the pond water quality situation during culturing, and regularly or irregularly adds and annotates new water, and changed pond water 1 time in every month, and quantity of exchanged water is 50% of Chi Shui, keeps water quality pure and fresh;
(8) disease control hemibarbus maculatus disease resistance ability is stronger, under artificial high-density breeding situation,, regularly uses the medicine full pool spilling head of killing parasite and bacterium or eats the method that platform is hung bag to put prevention first for disease.
2. the breeding method of a kind of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cultivation of natural bait in the described step (3), when selecting in the pond, should select the original natural bait resource in this pond abundanter, comprise wheel animalcule, nauplius, cladocera, copepoda, simultaneously putting summer flower seed forward sight pond water quality situation in a suitable place to breed, hard domatic the going up in pond that the dried pig manure after the fermentation is deposited in sunny slope cultivated plankton.
3. the breeding method of a kind of hemibarbus maculatus large size fingerling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the described step (6) the bait quality with throw something and feed, when hemibarbus maculatus fish specification 5cm is following, should throw something and feed powdery bait or fish the slurry, mainly be fish meal material, fresh fish slurry, crude protein content is more than 43%, and throw something and feed by 5~8% minutes 2 times of fish body weight every day, respectively throws something and feeds in the morning, afternoon 1 time; The swelling granule material of should throwing something and feeding when hemibarbus maculatus fish specification 5cm is above, crude protein content be 43~38%, and throw something and feed by 3~6% minutes 2 times of fish body weight every day, and the morning, feeding volume accounted for 1/3 of whole day daily ration, feeding quantity.
CNB2006100863459A 2006-07-07 2006-07-07 A method for breeding large sized seed of hemibarbus maculates bleeker Expired - Fee Related CN100423632C (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102119678A (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-07-13 福建省闽东水产研究所 Cage culturing method of inimicus japonicus
CN110786273A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-14 淮阴师范学院 Pond ecological breeding method of Huaxi

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104823895A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-08-12 铜陵县国斌水产综合养殖有限责任公司 Culture method for hemibarbus maculatus bleeker
CN105557595B (en) * 2016-01-20 2018-06-15 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 A kind of breeding method of Qinling Mountains fine-scaled graphite seed
CN110771539A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-11 南京坤泰农业发展有限公司 Efficient breeding method of high-quality fries with good environmental adaptability

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
花(鱼骨)的生物学及人工养殖技术. 李明锋.齐鲁渔业,第20卷第10期. 2003
花(鱼骨)的生物学及人工养殖技术. 李明锋.齐鲁渔业,第20卷第10期. 2003 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102119678A (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-07-13 福建省闽东水产研究所 Cage culturing method of inimicus japonicus
CN110786273A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-14 淮阴师范学院 Pond ecological breeding method of Huaxi
CN110786273B (en) * 2019-11-05 2021-09-03 淮阴师范学院 Pond ecological breeding method for Hemibarbus maculatus

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