CN104920267A - Prawn culturing method - Google Patents

Prawn culturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104920267A
CN104920267A CN201510354036.4A CN201510354036A CN104920267A CN 104920267 A CN104920267 A CN 104920267A CN 201510354036 A CN201510354036 A CN 201510354036A CN 104920267 A CN104920267 A CN 104920267A
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prawn
water
culturing
pond
month
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CN201510354036.4A
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时敏
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时敏
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a prawn culturing method. The prawn culturing method is simple and comprises the steps that after a culture pond is cleaned through disinfection liquid formed by mixing 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopionamide and water at the weight ratio of 1:100, plant ash, sesame dregs, amino acid, guano and Ca and Mg fertilizer are scattered into the culture pond and kept for 30-35 days for enriching water; water celeries are used in cooperation with prawn culturing; at the early stage, saline with the concentration ranging from 12% to 15% is adopted for prawn culturing; at the later stage, the salinity of water in the culture pond is gradually lowered by changing the water in the culture pond; zinc-rich prawn feed formed by compound protein-zinc, iodine, vc, garlic, dried beancurd sticks, fenugreek roots, oat, corn flour and poria cocos powder is used for feeding prawns; meanwhile, the probability that the prawns are infected by baculovirus penaei viruses, white spot syndrome viruses and Taura Syndrome Viruses can be reduced by reasonably controlling the culturing environment.

Description

A kind of prawn culturing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, be specifically related to a kind of prawn culturing method.
Background technology
Prawn, formal name used at school oriental prawn, also known as Chinese prawn, spot joint shrimp.Arthropoda, Crustachia, Decapoda, Penaeidae, Penaeus.Penaeus is individual large, common name prawn.Prawn through tens of secondary casting off a skin, often will slough off a skin, just obtains once larger growth in process of growth; Casting off a skin is the important symbol that prawn grows, directly by the impact of external environmental condition.Prawn is gained the name because the custom of fisherman in history calculates by " a pair " production marketing, and be distributed in the littoral shallow water along the coast of seawater water temperature more than 20 DEG C, prawn is extra large shrimp, it is the exclusive special product of China, belong to senior seafood, more rare, China's export is earned foreign exchange, now have and propagate artificially, but due to the change of water quality, Dissolved Oxygen in Water gas ability declines, and extreme weather frequently occurs, duration is long, causes prawn culturing day by day difficult.
Summary of the invention
There is the problem of various difficult point for solving cultured prawn in prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of prawn culturing method.
The technical solution used in the present invention is, a kind of prawn culturing method, and it comprises following steps:
A, construction cement culturing pool, the dark 40-50cm in pond, di-bromonitrilopropiona,ide and water are mixed and made into bactericidal liquid by the weight ratio of 1:100, culturing pool is cleaned by bactericidal liquid, after the culturing pool clean water after sterilization, be exposed to the sun 3-5 days, Xiang Chizhong discharges water to water surface elevation apart from when being the degree of depth of 30-40cm at the bottom of pond, stops discharging water;
B, in water, be evenly sprinkled into the brilliant salt of primitive ocean, make brine strength at 12%-15%;
C, in culturing pool, be sprinkled into ash 5-6kg/ mu, dregs of linseeds or sesame seeds 1-2kg/ mu, amino acid 0.02-0.03kg/ mu, guano 2-3kg/ mu, ca and mg fertilizer 0.01-0.015kg/ mu, keep 30-35 days;
D, at the beginning of 4 months, select high-quality oenanthe stolonifera seedling to be thrown in culturing pool, shed 100-120kg oenanthe stolonifera seedling for every mu;
E, select energetic, not with pathogenic bacteria health young shrimp, throw in 3-3.5 ten thousand tail prawn seedling, join the quiet aerator that 2 power are 1.5kw, overcast and rainy start 4-5 hour for every mu for every mu, start shooting when becoming a fine day 2-3 hour;
F, during prawn culturing, with Multiprotein-zinc, iodine, vc, garlic, bean curd stick, sweetclover-like milkvetch herb, oat, corn flour, Poria cocos powder presses the weight ratio mixing and water adding of 0.1:1:0.5:15:60:20:200:130:50, make the rich zinc prawn feed of graininess that particle diameter is 1-1.25mm, throw in prawn and started at the same day, in 1st month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 6%-7% is thrown in every day in pond, in 1-2 month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 4%-5% is thrown in every day in pond, in 2-3 month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 3%-4% is thrown in every day in pond,
G, during prawn culturing, prawn throw in after 1st month in, changed a water every 5 days, change water 5-10cm dark at every turn, prawn throw in after 1-3 month in, changed a water every 7 days, change water 10-20cm dark at every turn.
Cultural method of the present invention is simple, is mixed and made into bactericidal liquid and cleans culturing pool, effectively can not only kill except germ in pond, also not have contaminative, in culturing pool, be sprinkled into ash with di-bromonitrilopropiona,ide and water by the weight ratio of 1:100, the dregs of linseeds or sesame seeds, amino acid, guano, ca and mg fertilizer keeps carrying out rich water in 30-35 days, can not pollute culturing pool, nutrient can not only be provided for oenanthe stolonifera growth, constantly can also supply culturing pool pond water nutrition, not stopping pregnancy fertilizer wet pond water nutrition is sufficient, adopts oenanthe stolonifera collocation prawn culturing, the eutrophy in the Root Absorption water of Chinese celery, replace chemicals regulating water quality, effectively can reduce the ammonia nitrogen in water, nitrite, suspension in adsorbed water, play the effect purified water, prawn simultaneously can also drinkable water celery, and save certain feed resource, early stage, working concentration was 12%-15% salt solution cultured prawn, the survival rate of shrimp seedling can be improved, later stage reduces the salinity of Chi Shui in culturing pool gradually by changing water, can heighten the output of prawn, with Multiprotein-zinc, iodine, vc, garlic, bean curd stick, sweetclover-like milkvetch herb, oat, corn flour, Poria cocos powder is made rich zinc prawn feed and to be thrown something and fed prawn, the Zn content in prawn can be improved on the one hand, on the other hand, rich zinc prawn feed also has the degerming effect of desinsection, shrimp body intestinal environment can be improved, improve the immunity of shrimp body, strengthen the stress ability of prawn, prawn can be reduced by shrimp baculoviral in conjunction with conservative control breeding environment simultaneously, white spot syndrome virus, the probability that Taura syndrome infects.
Inventor adopts above-mentioned cultivation step cultured prawn for 2014, and throw in shrimp seedling and carry out after 3 months dragging for receipts, average shrimp focuses on about 100g, and per mu yield prawn weight is at 1800-2000 jin, and the every 100g of prawn after cultivation maturation is to the zinc containing 8.56-8.64mg in shrimp.
Embodiment
A kind of prawn culturing method, it comprises following steps:
A, construction cement culturing pool, the dark 40-50cm in pond, di-bromonitrilopropiona,ide and water are mixed and made into bactericidal liquid by the weight ratio of 1:100, culturing pool is cleaned by bactericidal liquid, after the culturing pool clean water after sterilization, be exposed to the sun 3-5 days, Xiang Chizhong discharges water to water surface elevation apart from when being the degree of depth of 30-40cm at the bottom of pond, stops discharging water;
B, in water, be evenly sprinkled into the brilliant salt of primitive ocean, make brine strength at 12%-15%;
C, in culturing pool, be sprinkled into ash 5-6kg/ mu, dregs of linseeds or sesame seeds 1-2kg/ mu, amino acid 0.02-0.03kg/ mu, guano 2-3kg/ mu, ca and mg fertilizer 0.01-0.015kg/ mu, keep 30-35 days;
D, at the beginning of 4 months, select high-quality oenanthe stolonifera seedling to be thrown in culturing pool, shed 100-120kg oenanthe stolonifera seedling for every mu;
E, select energetic, not with pathogenic bacteria health young shrimp, throw in 3-3.5 ten thousand tail prawn seedling, join the quiet aerator that 2 power are 1.5kw, overcast and rainy start 4-5 hour for every mu for every mu, start shooting when becoming a fine day 2-3 hour;
F, during prawn culturing, with Multiprotein-zinc, iodine, vc, garlic, bean curd stick, sweetclover-like milkvetch herb, oat, corn flour, Poria cocos powder presses the weight ratio mixing and water adding of 0.1:1:0.5:15:60:20:200:130:50, make the rich zinc prawn feed of graininess that particle diameter is 1-1.25mm, throw in prawn and started at the same day, in 1st month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 6%-7% is thrown in every day in pond, in 1-2 month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 4%-5% is thrown in every day in pond, in 2-3 month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 3%-4% is thrown in every day in pond,
G, during prawn culturing, prawn throw in after 1st month in, changed a water every 5 days, change water 5-10cm dark at every turn, prawn throw in after 1-3 month in, changed a water every 7 days, change water 10-20cm dark at every turn.

Claims (1)

1. a prawn culturing method, is characterized in that, it comprises following steps:
A, construction cement culturing pool, the dark 40-50cm in pond, di-bromonitrilopropiona,ide and water are mixed and made into bactericidal liquid by the weight ratio of 1:100, culturing pool is cleaned by bactericidal liquid, after the culturing pool clean water after sterilization, be exposed to the sun 3-5 days, Xiang Chizhong discharges water to water surface elevation apart from when being the degree of depth of 30-40cm at the bottom of pond, stops discharging water;
B, in water, be evenly sprinkled into the brilliant salt of primitive ocean, make brine strength at 12%-15%;
C, in culturing pool, be sprinkled into ash 5-6kg/ mu, dregs of linseeds or sesame seeds 1-2kg/ mu, amino acid 0.02-0.03kg/ mu, guano 2-3kg/ mu, ca and mg fertilizer 0.01-0.015kg/ mu, keep 30-35 days;
D, at the beginning of 4 months, select high-quality oenanthe stolonifera seedling to be thrown in culturing pool, shed 100-120kg oenanthe stolonifera seedling for every mu;
E, select energetic, not with pathogenic bacteria health young shrimp, throw in 3-3.5 ten thousand tail prawn seedling, join the quiet aerator that 2 power are 1.5kw, overcast and rainy start 4-5 hour for every mu for every mu, start shooting when becoming a fine day 2-3 hour;
F, during prawn culturing, with Multiprotein-zinc, iodine, vc, garlic, bean curd stick, sweetclover-like milkvetch herb, oat, corn flour, Poria cocos powder presses the weight ratio mixing and water adding of 0.1:1:0.5:15:60:20:200:130:50, make the rich zinc prawn feed of graininess that particle diameter is 1-1.25mm, throw in prawn and started at the same day, in 1st month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 6%-7% is thrown in every day in pond, in 1-2 month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 4%-5% is thrown in every day in pond, in 2-3 month after prawn input, the rich zinc prawn feed of prawn weight 3%-4% is thrown in every day in pond,
G, during prawn culturing, prawn throw in after 1st month in, changed a water every 5 days, change water 5-10cm dark at every turn, prawn throw in after 1-3 month in, changed a water every 7 days, change water 10-20cm dark at every turn.
CN201510354036.4A 2015-06-25 2015-06-25 Prawn culturing method Pending CN104920267A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105746403A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-13 重庆嘉隆西海农业开发有限公司 Farming method for improving prawn survival rate
CN105746402A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-13 重庆嘉隆西海农业开发有限公司 High-efficient culture method for prawns
CN106688854A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-24 安徽菲扬农业科技有限公司 Cress culture method
CN107027676A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-08-11 湛江市千舟渔水产有限公司 A kind of method of stress ability of the raising Penaeus Vannmei when wet weather clears up
CN107258411A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-20 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 The method for supporting freshwater shrimp is covered in a kind of rice terrace

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CN104412915A (en) * 2013-08-27 2015-03-18 袁生咬 Healthful aquaculture technology for freshwater shrimps from young shrimp period to adult shrimp period
CN104705233A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-06-17 江苏省渔业技术推广中心 Method for polyculturing penaeus vannamei in cyprinus carpio breeding pond
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WO2001050845A1 (en) * 2000-01-07 2001-07-19 The Oceanic Institute Biosecure zero-exchange system for maturation and growout of marine animals
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CN104719222A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-06-24 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 Tor brevifilis, grass carp, chub and freshwater shrimp mixed aquaculture method
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105746403A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-13 重庆嘉隆西海农业开发有限公司 Farming method for improving prawn survival rate
CN105746402A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-07-13 重庆嘉隆西海农业开发有限公司 High-efficient culture method for prawns
CN106688854A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-24 安徽菲扬农业科技有限公司 Cress culture method
CN107027676A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-08-11 湛江市千舟渔水产有限公司 A kind of method of stress ability of the raising Penaeus Vannmei when wet weather clears up
CN107258411A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-10-20 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 The method for supporting freshwater shrimp is covered in a kind of rice terrace

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