CN104584819A - Method for cultivating gold-edge roses on large scale - Google Patents

Method for cultivating gold-edge roses on large scale Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104584819A
CN104584819A CN201510003206.4A CN201510003206A CN104584819A CN 104584819 A CN104584819 A CN 104584819A CN 201510003206 A CN201510003206 A CN 201510003206A CN 104584819 A CN104584819 A CN 104584819A
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rose
golden
intertillage
fertilizer
cuttage
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CN201510003206.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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芮丹云
晁艳
黄政伟
王欧
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芮丹云
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Priority to CN201510003206.4A priority Critical patent/CN104584819A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating gold-edge roses on a large scale. The aim of scientifically managing planting is fulfilled by means of land selection and preparation, cutting selection, cuttage, intertillage, fertilizer management, trimming and pruning, and prevention and control of pest. In particular, land preparation and deep scarification are performed by 35 centimeters, so that soil loosening is ensured, and the ability of holding soil water and fertility is enhanced. The soil structure is adjusted through reasonable topdressing schemes at different periods. The growth of root systems can be facilitated through an intertillage measure compared with the conventional constant-moisture planting. A set of planting scheme for cultivating roses on a large scale is formed in combination with a scientific pest prevention-control method. By adopting the technical scheme of the invention, the yield of the gold-edge roses can be increased by 30-50 percent, the commodity rate is increased greatly, and the peasant income is increased.

Description

The method of the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of flower cultivation, be specifically related to the method for the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting.
Background technology
Yunnan belongs to the torrid zone, monsoon moist climate region, subtropics, sunny, and rainfall is abundant, is suitable for rose growth.Wild golden-rimmed rose, as the exclusive rose in Yunnan, has that the fragrance of flowers is strong, and beautifying face and moistering lotion, economic worth is higher.But at present the golden-rimmed rose planting type in Yunnan backwardnesss, extensive management, Term Fertilization are improper, and irrigation conditions is poor, sick worm harm seriously, cause wild golden-rimmed rose output not high, spend bag Quality Down.The per mu yield of the golden-rimmed rose dried flower in current Yunnan is mostly at 120 kg according to statistics.Therefore improve tillage and cultivation formula and optimum management measure, adopt mechanized cultivation pattern, set up supporting mechanized cultivation technology code, significant to the seed output and quality improving golden-rimmed rose.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to Problems existing in existing golden-rimmed rose growth, object is a kind of method providing large-scale planting rose, to improve the seed output and quality with golden-rimmed rose.
The present invention realizes especially by following technical scheme:
A method for the golden-rimmed rose of large-scale planting, comprises the following steps:
1) wholely, whole ground program is basal dressing, stubble-cleaning and diagonal angle subsoiling, then uses covered rearing with plastic film 3 ~ 4 days;
2) selection of cuttings, selects 1 ~ 2 year raw spring tip or gives birth to autumn growth then, transplanting and tiltedly cut, stay 2 ~ 4, top leaf;
3) cuttage, cuttings inserts sand 1/3 ~ 2/5, waters, fringe and soil are combined closely;
4) intertill, carry out intertillage 4 ~ 5 times in vegetative period, the intertillage degree of depth is 10 ~ 15cm;
5) fertilizer management, uses nitrogen phosphorus in conjunction with quick-acting fertilizer in the budding period, every 667m 2consumption 30 ~ 40kg; Quick-acting composite fertilizer is used, every 667m in squaring period 2consumption 10 ~ 20kg; At full-bloom stage application of organic fertilizers, organic fertilizer application carries out with ploughing deeply simultaneously, every 667m 2consumption 10 ~ 20kg.
6) pruning, prunes and is divided into Winter-Spring prune and spend rear pruning.
7) pest control, 5% lime sulfur is sprayed before germination, early April spray 0.5% phoxim control chafer, weevil, spray the dead clean and 0.125% dicofol control two spotted spider mite of 0.5% mite 5 ~ June, spray 2 ~ 3 0.125% ~ 0.167% Tuzets or 0.5% bordeaux mixture 6 ~ August;
8) gather in the crops, medicinal rose is fully expanded at bud, and petal not yet ftractures, and namely the flower bud full phase plucks.
In step (1), diagonal angle subsoiling is specially the first pass degree of depth is 35cm, and second time degree of depth is 45cm, and sprays disinfecting soil with potassium permanganate and thiophanate-methyl 500 ~ 800 times of liquid respectively.
Step (2) also comprises will transplant by one or more immersion treatment in root element, methyl α-naphthyl acetate, indolebutyric acid or ABT solution.
Within after step (4) is specially cuttage 3 months, intertill once before blooming, after cuttage, pistil intertills second time after having plucked 6 months first times, and after cuttage, intertillage in 9 months for the third time, intertillage the 4th time after beta pruning in winter completes.
Nitrogen phosphorus described in step (5) is 3: 1 in conjunction with nitrogen phosphorus weight ratio in quick-acting fertilizer; The mass content that effective element N P and K is contained in described quick-acting composite fertilizers is 45%, and the mass ratio of N P and K is 1: 1: 1; N, P in described fertilizer 2o 2and K 2the weight content of O is not less than 48%.
Step (6) is specially Winter-Spring and prunes, and carry out before germinateing after rose fallen leaves, it is main for pruning to prune off, and every clump of sturdy branch 1 ~ 5 of selecting and remain adds branch; Spend rear pruning to carry out after fresh flower is gathered, be mainly used in growth vigorous, the strain clump that branch is intensive remove Mi Shengzhi, intersect branch, overlapping branch.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: technical scheme of the present invention can make the output increased 30% ~ 50% of golden-rimmed rose, greatly improves commodity rate, increases farmers' income.
Compared with existing rose culture technique, the advantage of this technology is in particular in the following aspects:
1) select suitable plot, plough deeply 35 centimetres than tradition 20 centimetres volume increase more than 10%, rotary tillage simultaneously can ensure loosing soil, good permeability, and can improve retaining, water-retention fertilizer ability; 2) selection of cuttings and process abandon old, adopt current-year branch, and to branch through row pretreatment, survival rate is high, and branch is neatly healthy and strong; 3) ridge culture measure is also done to increase ventilation and penetrating light than railway carriage or compartment, and can improve rose commodity rate, single plant yield improves more than 7% simultaneously; 4) the flat moisture in the soil plantation that in intertillage measure, 4 ~ 5 ridgings are more traditional can increase root growth, improves commodity rate, is conducive to improving output; 5) science is topdressed and pest control, makes output increase by more than 25%.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described further, the following stated, only to preferred embodiment of the present invention, not do other forms of restriction to the present invention, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed to the Equivalent embodiments of equal change.Everyly do not depart from the present invention program's content, any simple modification done following examples according to technical spirit of the present invention or equivalent variations, all drop in protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of golden-rimmed rose mechanized cultivation corresponding cultivation techniques, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land, wholely
Select the subacidity of PH6 ~ PH7, that physical features is higher, the soil is porous be fertile, soil layer is deep, transparent performance is good, be rich in humus, excessively drained field.Whole ground program is: basal dressing ~ stubble-cleaning ~ diagonal angle subsoiling, and the first pass degree of depth is 35cm, and second time degree of depth is 45cm, and adopts light rake or heavy duty harrow to be raked on ground to reach sowing state; For reducing the morbidity of rose cuttage seeding, inserting front potassium permanganate and thiophanate methyl 500 ~ 800 times of liquid sprinkling disinfecting soils, then using covered rearing with plastic film 3 ~ 4 days
2) seed preparation
The choosing of golden-rimmed rose cuttage cuttings is healthy and strong, enrich, eye is full, without damage by disease and insect 1 ~ 2 year raw spring tip or give birth to autumn growth then.Cuttings is cut sth. askew (cuttings is cut sth. askew with 45 ° below, and top is same), and each cuttings stays 3 buds, and uppermost bud apart from top otch 1cm, and is 20,200,2000mg/l by indolebutyric acid, methyl α-naphthyl acetate diluted concentration, cuttings is placed in liquid and soaks 20h.
3) cuttage
Situation according to local rainfall, frost season determines the rational sowing time, generally in mid or late December cuttage, accomplishes as far as possible with beta pruning, with process, with cuttage.Must not skin zone be injured during cuttage, on whole good slotting machine, cuttings be inserted Medium Culture, then compacting, water 1 time permeable, cuttings and soil are combined closely.Small plastic shed heat and moisture preserving is taken in golden-rimmed rose cuttage.During golden-rimmed rose cuttage, cuttings inserts sand 1/3 ~ 2/5, plugs steady just.Can not be inserted through dark, inserted dark to water inappropriate, humidity is not grasped, and is easy to cause base portion decay and necrosis of transplanting.
4) intertill
Carry out vegetative period in rose, carry out intertillage every year 4 ~ 5 times, the intertillage degree of depth is generally 10 ~ 15cm, combines intertillage, and be weed a garden, particularly perennial root weeds with to overgrow Climbing Plant.After sprouting, earthing 5cm, carries out second time earthing when plant height is at 10cm, topdresses squaring period and carries out third time ridging, and make bud reach 10 ~ 15cm apart from the height at back of the body top, ridge, relative moisture of the soil is intertilled 65% time; If have Heavy rain before intertillage, intertillage should be postponed; If soil drought before intertillage, the water of the 5 ~ 10mm that should spray, intertillage is forbidden to press seedling.
5) fertilizer management
In early spring, when temperature is stabilized in 3 ~ 5 DEG C, golden-rimmed rose bud starts to sprout, and it is main for now should imposing nitrogen, the quick-acting fertilizer that nitrogen phosphorus combines, as urea, diammonium phosphate etc., and every 667m 2consumption 30 ~ 40 kilograms.Mid-April to late May is that rose buddings the flowering phase, and during this, rich water is not enough, can directly affect flower production and quality, and make its flower valvula thin, oil content reduces, and causes a large amount of bud drop, should impose appropriate quick-acting composite fertilizer, every 667m during this 2consumption 10 ~ 20 kilograms.If soil drought when noting each fertilising, should fill with once permeable after fertilising.Mid-August, branches and leaves stopped long gradually to mid-October, and the nutrition of photosynthesis accumulation is in a large number to root system backflow, and this phase should execute organic base manure, can not execute instant nitrogenousfertilizer again, can carry out, every 667m when executing people's base manure in conjunction with ploughing deeply simultaneously 2consumption 10 ~ 20 kilograms, then carries out 1 winter irrigation.
6) water management
Rose root system reaches 40cm, measure soil depth be 30cm to understand the water supply capacity of soil depth, field can sharp moisture should about 75%.Infiltration capacity according to soil works out water yield during each irrigation, avoids producing runoff in sprinkling irrigation.
7) extermination of disease and insect pest
The damage by disease and insect of rose mainly contains and lures disease, black spot, powdery mildew, chafer, longicorn, two spotted spider mite etc.Generally before germination, spray 5% lime sulfur, eliminate wintering pest; Early April spray 0.5% phoxim control chafer, weevil; Spray the dead clean and 0.125% dicofol control two spotted spider mite of 0.5% mite 5 ~ June; Spray 2 ~ 3 0.125% ~ 0.167% Tuzets or 0.5% bordeaux mixture 6 ~ August.Meanwhile, wipe out the branch of rust harm in time in spring or vegetative period, manually arrest cockchafer in, weevil, roundheaded borer etc.
8) gather in the crops
Late April to early December is picking period of golden-rimmed rose.The process that rose is formed into colored Full-open from bud can be divided into squaring period, middle flower bud phase, flower bud full phase, petal to begin to split phase, half-open phase and 6 periods of standard-sized sheet phase.Medicinal rose, require that bud fully expands, petal not yet ftractures, and namely the flower bud full phase plucks.
Adopt said method, golden-rimmed rose per mu yield fresh flower is increased to 800 kilograms from 600 kilograms, and pistil diameter is on average increased to 3.45cm from 2.5cm, and dried flower is increased to 200 kilograms from 150 kilograms, volume increase 33.3%.

Claims (6)

1. a method for the golden-rimmed rose of large-scale planting, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
1) wholely, whole ground program is basal dressing, stubble-cleaning and diagonal angle subsoiling, then uses covered rearing with plastic film 3 ~ 4 days;
2) selection of cuttings, selects 1 ~ 2 year raw spring tip or gives birth to autumn growth then, transplanting and tiltedly cut, stay 2 ~ 4, top leaf;
3) cuttage, cuttings inserts sand 1/3 ~ 2/5, waters, fringe and soil are combined closely;
4) intertill, carry out intertillage 4 ~ 5 times in vegetative period, the intertillage degree of depth is 10 ~ 15cm;
5) fertilizer management, uses nitrogen phosphorus in conjunction with quick-acting fertilizer in the budding period, every 667m 2consumption 30 ~ 40kg; Quick-acting composite fertilizer is used, every 667m in squaring period 2consumption 10 ~ 20kg; At full-bloom stage application of organic fertilizers, organic fertilizer application carries out with ploughing deeply simultaneously, every 667m 2consumption 10 ~ 20kg;
6) pruning, prunes and is divided into Winter-Spring prune and spend rear pruning;
7) pest control, 5% lime sulfur is sprayed before germination, early April spray 0.5% phoxim control chafer, weevil, spray the dead clean and 0.125% dicofol control two spotted spider mite of 0.5% mite 5 ~ June, spray 2 ~ 3 0.125% ~ 0.167% Tuzets or 0.5% bordeaux mixture 6 ~ August;
8) gather in the crops, medicinal rose is fully expanded at bud, and petal not yet ftractures, and namely the flower bud full phase plucks.
2. the method for the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: in rapid (1), diagonal angle subsoiling is specially the first pass degree of depth is 35cm; second time degree of depth is 45cm, sprays disinfecting soil with potassium permanganate and thiophanate-methyl 500 ~ 800 times of liquid.
3. the method for the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: step (2) also comprises will transplant by one or more immersion treatment in root element, methyl α-naphthyl acetate, indolebutyric acid or ABT solution.
4. the method for the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: within after step (4) is specially cuttage 3 months, intertilled before blooming once; after cuttage, pistil is intertilled for the second time after having plucked 6 months first times; 9 months intertillage third times after cuttage, intertillage the 4th time after beta pruning in winter completes.
5. the method for the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the nitrogen phosphorus described in step (5) is 3: 1 in conjunction with nitrogen phosphorus weight ratio in quick-acting fertilizer; The mass content that effective element N P and K is contained in described quick-acting composite fertilizers is 45%, and the mass ratio of N P and K is 1: 1: 1; N, P in described fertilizer 2o 2and K 2the weight content of O is not less than 48%.
6. the method for the golden-rimmed rose of a kind of large-scale planting according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the Winter-Spring described in step (6) is pruned and carried out before germinateing after rose fallen leaves, prune to prune off, every clump of sturdy branch 1 ~ 5 of selecting and remain adds branch; Described rear pruning of spending is carried out after fresh flower is gathered, be mainly used in growth vigorous, the strain clump that branch is intensive remove Mi Shengzhi, intersect branch, overlapping branch.
CN201510003206.4A 2015-01-06 2015-01-06 Method for cultivating gold-edge roses on large scale Pending CN104584819A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815028A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-05 武汉大学 Application of gold-edge rose extract to preparation of drug for preventing chemotherapy side effects, protecting intestinal mucosal barrier and/or improving body immunity
CN105052477A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-18 洪泽爱食派水产有限公司 Rose planting method helpful for improving output and quality
CN106069220A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-09 元少梅 A kind of mating system of golden-rimmed Flos Rosae Rugosae
CN107047581A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-08-18 郭高升 A kind of method for preventing and treating apple tree red spider
CN107926589A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-20 桂林市安琪玫瑰农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of rose
CN107950343A (en) * 2017-12-16 2018-04-24 柳州市合联农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of tulip

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815028A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-05 武汉大学 Application of gold-edge rose extract to preparation of drug for preventing chemotherapy side effects, protecting intestinal mucosal barrier and/or improving body immunity
CN105052477A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-18 洪泽爱食派水产有限公司 Rose planting method helpful for improving output and quality
CN106069220A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-09 元少梅 A kind of mating system of golden-rimmed Flos Rosae Rugosae
CN107047581A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-08-18 郭高升 A kind of method for preventing and treating apple tree red spider
CN107926589A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-20 桂林市安琪玫瑰农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of rose
CN107950343A (en) * 2017-12-16 2018-04-24 柳州市合联农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of tulip

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Application publication date: 20150506