CN104520117A - Method for connecting at least one connection piece to a document sheet, method for producing a security document and security document - Google Patents

Method for connecting at least one connection piece to a document sheet, method for producing a security document and security document Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104520117A
CN104520117A CN201380041279.1A CN201380041279A CN104520117A CN 104520117 A CN104520117 A CN 104520117A CN 201380041279 A CN201380041279 A CN 201380041279A CN 104520117 A CN104520117 A CN 104520117A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
file
brace
page
file page
book
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201380041279.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104520117B (en
Inventor
M·西伯特
J·艾尔克
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Bundesdruckerei GmbH
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Bundesdruckerei GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from DE102012213913.3 external-priority
Application filed by Bundesdruckerei GmbH filed Critical Bundesdruckerei GmbH
Publication of CN104520117A publication Critical patent/CN104520117A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104520117B publication Critical patent/CN104520117B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42CBOOKBINDING
    • B42C9/00Applying glue or adhesive peculiar to bookbinding
    • B42C9/0093Applying glue or adhesive peculiar to bookbinding by fusing, welding sheets together
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42CBOOKBINDING
    • B42C11/00Casing-in
    • B42C11/06Machines or equipment for casing-in by welding plastic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D13/00Loose leaves modified for binding; Inserts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/23Identity cards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/24Passports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/40Manufacture
    • B42D25/405Marking
    • B42D25/425Marking by deformation, e.g. embossing

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for connecting at least one connection piece 6 made of a textile material to a document sheet 4 storing information, for the cost-effective production of a passport card 1 which is easy to handle and unforgeable. The textile material of the at least one connection piece 6 is different from the sheet material forming the document sheet 4. The document sheet 4 can be connected to a document body 20 by means of the at least one connection piece 6. The method according to the invention comprises the following method steps: a) the overlapping arrangement of the at least one connection piece 6 and of the document sheet 4 so that an overlapping region 21 of the at least one connection piece 6 is formed with the document sheet 4; and b) the fusing of the at least one connection piece 6 and the document sheet 4 in the overlapping region 21. To produce a passport card 1, according to the invention the at least one connection piece 6 is connected to a document body 20 of the security document 1.

Description

For at least one brace is connected with file page method, for the manufacture of the method for secure file and secure file
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method for the manufacture of secure file, a kind of method for making at least one brace be connected with the file page that can be fixed on secure file and a kind of secure file.Described secure file can be such as travelling passport, identity card, driving license, pass, car licence, automobile dispatch from the factory card, visa or other ID file, checkbook, gift token or coupon, waybill or other authority or or other ID file.Described secure file is travelling passport or identity card preferably.
Background technology
This secure file can particularly passport file, and described passport file typically exists with the form of volume or book, and in described passport file, make the file page of storing information be connected with file.File page is such as passport book card, and described passport book card is stapled in passport file.Passport book card comprises personal data with other data, such as providing the information in place.Passport book card must be connected with other pages of passport file like this, and namely described card cannot be separated by third party from file, therefore can prevent from forging or personation file.If but on file, carried out this forgery or personation, described forgery or personation must be able to easily be identified.
Such as, describe a kind of pamphlet with personal data page in EP 1 502 765 A1.Described pamphlet has multipage between front cover.Data page is connected with the front cover of pamphlet regularly.Described front cover has flexible layer, and the layer of described flexibility protrudes from data page with a region.Data page is connected with front cover and remaining page over the region.
In addition, disclose a kind of file card by DE 10 2,008 031 654 A1, it is in the secure file of book that described file card can embed facility.Data card is bound in secure file by means of these two contact pin bars.For this reason, the edge along card processes through hole in card.Then card is arranged between two contact pin bars, thus described through hole is capped on the both sides of card respectively.Contact pin bar is connected with card by adding ultrasonic energy on the position of through hole, and its mode is, the connection setting up through two contact pin bars of through hole.Therefore, described contact pin strip is connected with card in locking manner.The file card of manufacture like this is then embedded by contact pin bar and is designed in the secure file of book.
Utilize known method it is possible that be bound into by data card in the secure file of volume or book form.But known manufacture method does not also meet its requirement: first, described method must be able to be carried out simply, so that can inexpensively and manufacture secure file while there is high output.In addition also show, the volume so manufactured or the file of book form easily block, that is, described file to remain under without the effect of external force in roughly semi-open state and can only in use external force open completely.But advantageously, file also closes when not using the power of external action or remains in the state opened completely.In addition, certainly can require, secure file must can not be forged to a great extent and can not palm off.
As long as in this explanation and use concept ' file ' and ' secure file ' in the claims, then it is particularly interpreted as that travelling passport, identity card, driving license, pass, car licence, automobile dispatch from the factory card, visa or other ID file, checkbook, gift token or coupon, waybill or other authority or still other ID file.(safety) file is travelling passport or identity card preferably.(safety) file is completely particularly preferably configured to volume or book form, and that is, described file comprises multipage, and described page can be browsed.File page particularly can form the card of (safety) file.If (safety) file is travelling passport, the file page be so included in described file is passport book card.(safety) file is made up of file body and file page, and described file body is connected by least one brace with file page.File body can exist with the form of book or volume, and namely have multipage, described page can be browsed.Secure file can be such as travelling passport, and described travelling passport has multiple visa page.
As long as in this explanation and use concept ' file page ' and ' page ' in the claims, then it is interpreted as the carrier showing information that is flat, that be preferably rectangle.Described carrier can as paper or thin plastic sheeting ground thin and be therefore flexible, or than page or plastic sheeting thick and therefore have than described page or the low flexibility of plastic sheeting, be such as cardboard or card, although described card can also be twisted, can not be rolled-up again.In addition, described carrier also can be understood as hardboard, and described hardboard is actual cannot be bent or distortion.Therefore, (file) page also can be formed with the form of card.If file is passport file, so (file) page is preferably passport book card.The specification of (file) page is depending on file, and described page is bound in described file.Described page can have according in the specification ID 1, ID 2 of ISO/IEC 7810 or ID 3.In addition, (file) page by the mixture manufacture of the material be applicable to according to object of the present invention, such as plastics (polymer), paper, cardboard, glass or other materials or these materials, and can add reinforcement material if desired.The thickness of file page is preferably 250 to 950 μm.
Summary of the invention
Method according to the present invention relates to the connection of at least one brace and the file page of the information of storage be made up of textile material.File page can be connected with the file body of secure file by means of at least one brace.According to the present invention, the textile material of at least one brace is different from the page material of configuration file page.For this reason, described page can particularly be designed to, described page can be bound in volume or book by means of at least one brace, described volume or school bag draw together page, film and volume or book envelope and/or volume or the book back if desired, or described page can be bound into book form or book together with other page, film and volume if desired or book envelope and/or volume or the book back.
Preferably following method step is comprised with the order provided as follows: a) arrange at least one brace and file page overlappingly according to method of the present invention, thus form the overlapping region of at least one brace and page, in overlapping region, b) weld at least one brace and file page.
In addition, the present invention relates to a kind of method for the manufacture of secure file.Described method comprises the steps: A) at least one brace of the file page of storage information being provided and being made up of textile material, wherein, the textile material of at least one brace is different from the page material of configuration file page; B) arrange at least one brace and file page overlappingly, thus form the overlapping region of at least one brace and file page, C) in overlapping region, weld at least one brace and file page; And D) by least one brace, file page is fixed in the file body of secure file.
In addition, the present invention relates to the secure file of a kind of book form or volume form, it has the one or more book of band or the file body of an album of paintings or calligraphy and the file page of at least one brace be connected with file body and the information of storage, described file page is connected with at least one brace described by means of being welded to connect, wherein, at least one brace is made up of textile material, and wherein, the textile material of at least one brace is different from the page material of configuration file page.
Design of the present invention is, it is favourable that file page is connected with the file body of secure file by means of weaving brace, because thus ensure that file page is connected in file body flexibly, and described file can easily remain closed when not using external force or open.But surprised part is, when page material is not identical with the material of brace, then also can realize fixing, that particularly material the is sealed connection (i.e. material material connection each other) between file page and brace, because only expect when identical material is welded to one another that reliable material connects.
In addition ensure that by brace is configured to textile material, the secure file of file page is had to be maneuverable with method in a simplified manner by means of brace bookbinding, its mode is, file can easily close and open, and does not need locking and also do not return to translate in the state of semi-closed at this.Because weaving brace has for this reason required pliability.Brace does not lose its pliability by welding process yet, because welding does not extend on flexible region.In addition, by the welding method making brace be connected with file page, realize the connection that material between brace and file page is sealed, described connection ensure that, when file page is thrown off by brace, file page no longer can without damage be separated from secure file.For this reason, the material of brace is directly connected with the material of file page at least one link position.In addition show, file page and brace can use different materials to also achieve about the preferred plan for the most suitable material of the selection of applicable composition.Because it is well established that consider that good weldability does not limit to determine material.Utilize the connection that reliable material is sealed, in fact at least eliminate forgery and the personation of secure file when considering that file page is so-called and exchanging.Described connection can easily manufacture and therefore due to for this reason required a small amount of method step, it is with low cost and is substantially not easy to make mistakes.The pattern existed in the overlapping region can seeing in file page through weaving brace by described welding, the dimensional printed chart of such as alphanumeric indicia form.Described dimensional printed chart can be a security feature for file page.When welding, although lose textile characteristic in join domain.But in folding region, namely outside join domain keep and obtain described textile characteristic.
The textile material of brace can in any way and method construct.If described textile material has required breaking strength, described textile material such as can by with fabric, knitted fabric, braid or form like this or formed with the face formation of the weaving of felt or fibrous web.Described material is preferably made up of long filament, particularly fiber, yarn, silk thread or compound like this, described long filament when fabric, knitted fabric, braid or like this arrange relative to each other with method in an orderly way, and felt or fibroreticulate long filament, such as fiber is non-arranges in an orderly manner.Preferably, textile material is made up of the fabric particularly with warp thread and weft yarn.
The textile material of brace can particularly be made up of one or more fusible material or comprise described fusible material, to realize welding process.At least one fusible textile material is preferably formed by plastics (polymer), is further preferably made up of thermoplastic plastics.Show particularly advantageously, polyester, such as Polyethylene Terephthalates (PET) or thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) are as thermoplastic plastics, because described material is woven into the line of yarn or this class without problems and then can be processed into textile material further.Textile material can be preferably made up of polyester at least in part.The fusing point of fusible material or glass transition temperature preferably match with the material behavior of file page.The fusing-of brace and file page or glass transition temperature be approximate the same large (such as within temperature range 50 DEG C) preferably, and therefore welding process is errorless and can easily carries out.In addition, textile material partly can be made up of cotton, namely comprise cotton.Such as textile material can by cotton polymeric blends, be particularly made up of cotton polyester mixture.
Preferably implement in modification at of the present invention another, the textile material of at least one brace is made up of two kinds of different materials (mixed goods), one in described bi-material weld time and at least melting of file page, and another kind of material is not connected with file page in welding process, that is not melting, thus described another kind of material and file page do not form and are welded to connect.The warp thread of mixed goods such as can remain unchanged when welding, and weft yarn melting or fusing and the material of file page are permanently connected.In the described situation, weft yarn extends in overlapping region from the edge that (is not in overlapping region) freely of brace.Therefore, described brace is not melted or melts, in transitional region, keeping the intensity of material obtaining brace freely between edge and overlapping region.
According to last described enforcement modification in preferred first embodiment, the textile material of at least one brace such as can have different fusing points or glass transition temperature.First material such as can have the first fusing point or the first glass transition temperature, thus melting or fusing under the condition of welding process, and the second material has the second fusing point or the second glass transition temperature, described second fusing point/the second glass is obviously higher, thus the second material not melting or fusing under the condition of identical welding process.
In preferred second embodiment of the enforcement modification in the end provided, textile material is made up of at least bi-material, the first material in described bi-material has a fusing point or a glass transition temperature, thus described first material melting or fusing under the condition of welding process, and the second material in described bi-material is not fusible material (not especially being thermoplastic plastics), but such as another material of plastics, such as cellulosic material or protein, such as woollen, or thermosetting plastic or carbon, glass fibre, organically or the fiber (wire) of metal, thus described second material not melting or fusing in welding process.
In these two aforesaid situations, the second material is non-fusible and therefore its form trait is constant in welding process, thus the internal intensity of this at least one brace is by the infringement of welding process.
Preferably, file page is connected with the file body of secure file by the brace that only use one is unique.In principle, multiple brace can certainly be used for described connection, such as, pass through mutually stacked for multiple such brace.Under regard to embodiment related to this and do reference with a brace simplifiedly and typically.
Face formation that described brace preferably elongates, particularly rectangle, described formation is enough wide, with file page at side laps, therefore fixing being welded to connect can be produced on the one hand, and join domain can be formed with secure file on the other hand.Preferably, described brace is length the same as file page in the direction of extension, thus brace extends and do not exceed in the whole length of side of file page.Described brace is overlapping with file page in overlapping region, thus another join domain of described brace protrudes from file page laterally.Described join domain is used for then making the unit be made up of brace and the file page that is connected with described brace be connected with the file body of secure file.Described join domain can particularly be configured to banded.Described edge freely has the joint face of elongation, and described joint face is used for being connected with file body.Described brace can have at least one security feature, such as one or more security thread.
File page can be manufactured by one or more material.Preferably, file page exists to press the form of layer, and described pressure layer is consisted of gummed layer by layer multiple pressure.But in principle also can by injection moulding or extruded or other manufacture methods generation.File page is preferably manufactured by one or more plastics (polymer), particularly by Merlon (PC), pole is bisphenol-a polycarbonate especially, carboxy-modified PC, Polyethylene Terephthalates (PET), the PET (PETG) that its derivative is such as glycol-modified, carboxy-modified PET, PEN (PEN), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyvinyl butyral resin (PVB), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polyimides (PI), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), polystyrene (PS), polyethylene phenol (PVP), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) (TPE), particularly thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), acrylonitrile butadient styrene (ABS) and/or its derivative manufacture, or by paper and/or cardboard manufacture, or by the mixture manufacture of previous materials.Preferably, page material is formed by Merlon or by polycarbonate derivatives at least in part.File page preferably presses layer, and described pressure layer is made up of multiple layer.Pressure one of layer or single layer can be made up of PC or PCT/TPU/PC or comprise these materials.Other layer can all by identical material or be made up of different materials or comprise described material.Polymer can be filled or not be filled.In the later case, described layer is transparent or translucent.If polymer is filled, so described layer is opaque typically.Therefore, filler can be such as pigment.Described layer can be dyeing or colourless.The skin (cover film Overlayfolie) of file page can be particularly water white and have high wearability.Preferably, pressure layer is made up of thermoplastic, in welding process, and thermoplastic melting or fusing at least in part described at least one join domain.
Of the present invention one preferred embodiment in, described welding is carried out by means of the method joined by sound wave in overlapping region.Welding process can particularly ultrasonic welding method.Use sonotrode, described sonotrode can be in ultrasonic wave vibration for this reason.In order to welding process, sonotrode is arranged to connection to be welded on the join domain of (brace and file page), thus the energy comprised in ultrasonic wave vibration joins in the right material of connection in join domain.Therefore material heating to be connected, thus connect right at least one material fusing and cause connecting.Also can consider that other bindiny mechanism, such as described material are close closely each other in principle, thus (chemistry) connection of atom can be caused.In welding process, can sonotrode be pressed onto on link position, can as far as possible effectively energy be joined in join domain when using extruding force.Can arrange bearing (board, anvil) with being oppositely arranged with sonotrode, overlapping connection is to be placed on described bearing and to be pressed on described bearing by sonotrode for this reason.In sonotrode, preferably produce ultrasonic wave by means of piezo-electric crystal, the mechanical oscillation produced in described sonotrode are delivered to the working face of sonotrode from described piezo-electric crystal.
Implement in modification at one, sonotrode has smooth working face, thus brace welds with file page in total region of the working face of sonotrode.In principle, the working face of sonotrode can be equally large with the overlapping region of file page with brace.Alternatively, the working face of sonotrode also can be less than (being also alternatively greater than) overlapping region.If working face is less than overlapping region, so produce the welding position being less than overlapping region.
In a preferred improvement project of the present invention, brace and file page are welded to one another in overlapping region at least two isolated relative to each other welding regions.For this reason, the working face of sonotrode is equipped with the profile being with outstanding subregion, and energy joins in welding region on link position only by described subregion, because only described subregion directly contacts with link position.Because this ensure that, not brace with the whole overlapping region of file page for being connected.Particularly when the textile material of brace is only made up of fusible material, in welding, do not damage the intensity of brace in this way, because described material only melts partly, and therebetween region not melting but at least non-fusible.Therefore prevent, in welding process, filament structure is damaged completely in the transition part between the free edge and overlapping region of brace, thus in folding region, keep intensity and the pliability thereof of material to a great extent.Preferably, isolated relative to each other welding region is arranged on net palisade ground.Further preferably, net grid size corresponding to adjacent spinning, the spacing of single or mesh.Therefore, the structure of the working face of sonotrode constructs relevantly with weave.
Preferably implement in modification for one in described improvement project, at least two isolated relative to each other welding regions elongate ground and are arranged parallel to each other.Preferably implement in modification at another of described improvement project, welding region in principle also can point-like ground and such as arranging with the net grid pattern of rule.In these two described enforcement modification, the outstanding subregion of sonotrode is correspondingly shaping, to form the described shape of welding position.Preferably implement in modification at another of described improvement project, isolated relative to each other welding region is also formed with the form of the mark of storing information, such as, such as, by alphanumeric indicia or symbol or like this, letter, figure or formed with the form of miniature word.In this case, being welded to connect between brace and file page is formed with the form of described mark.Therefore, described enforcement modification describes a security feature, and described security feature cannot easily adjust again.Because the textile material of brace is transparent when using transparent material in welding, welding region can be seen well by using the page material of dyeing.Alternatively, also the working face of the corresponding shaping of sonotrode can be utilized to produce continuous print welding region, described welding region is formed on the working face of sonotrode with the form of the pattern of outstanding subregion structure, such as, formed with the pattern of rhombus or form like this.Subregion outstanding on sonotrode can be configured to prune top or also come to a point gradually.
Sonotrode is preferably placed in the side at brace place, be preferably pressed onto stacking of being made up of brace and file page, and that is, described sonotrode directly contacts with brace in welding process.In principle, also can consider energy to be imported to connection centering from file page side.The former is preferred, because textile material is by being compacted with direct contact of sonotrode, thus realizes connecting right close contact.Engaging time is relevant with the type of material to be welded with the power of input.Typically, engaging time is 0.1 to 2s, preferably 0.2 to 0.4s.
Be fixed to one another by file page and brace the unit connected and composed to be connected with the file body of secure file.When secure file exists with the form of volume or book, described secure file has volume-or the book back.Described secure file comprises the fold domain of volume.According to the method step D of the method for the manufacture of secure file, the unit be made up of with brace file page is by being connected with file body in the region of the preferred on the regular payroll or book back of brace.For this reason, the free edge of brace can such as be connected with file body by means of adhesive bonding method, weaving method or welding method.
According to the method for the manufacture of secure file of the present invention, it comprises method step A, B and C, produce the unit be made up of the brace be connected to each other and file page according to described method step, in addition, described method comprises method step D, according to described method step, brace is connected with file body.And then described method step carries out after can connecting between brace and file page, that is, completing, particularly file page is personalized, such as individualized and after being connected with brace.For this reason, the file page meaning in office local (and not only in the place of manufacturing documentation page) generated for corresponding final purpose is connected with file body.Following method flow is drawn with described order:
Alternatively, also can to have connected between method step A and B the connection of sheet and file body before brace is connected with file page, namely, thus the connection of file page and brace occurs in after described brace is connected in file body.Following method flow is drawn with described order:
If set up being welded to connect of such as security feature form according to aforementioned preferred enforcement modification between brace and file page, so first method process is favourable, because the connection of brace and file page and this unit can carry out in different places to the bookbinding in file body, wherein, in this case, this unit need not carry out to the bookbinding in file body in special security context.Because carry out successively when insertion method step B for the manufacturing step manufactured needed for security feature (manufacturing documentation page and make brace be connected with file page), and the step this unit being bound into (step D) in file body below can separately be carried out.With carry out the situation of method step D between steps A and B compared with, this can allow logistics more flexibly.On the other hand, when brace being embedded (step D) in file body between steps A and C, particularly between other pages that brace is integrated in file body or be integrated in file body between other page and strips of paper used for sealing time (such as just as travelling passport in), can make file body keep lay in.
Brace (if desired together with file page) can insert in the file body of book and volume form, thus page in of page formation secure file.In this case, file body have other page and if desired book-or volume the back of the body.Brace can insert in the file body also do not completed if desired, and its mode is, these pages and if desired book-or the volume back of the body are cooperatively interconnected with brace.
In an embodiment of the invention, brace is arranged on the inner side of book or volume, is preferably located in the region of the folding of described book or volume.File page also can be added as outer page (substitute book or confer titles of nobility on skin) by brace.In this case, brace can form book-or the volume back of the body (folding band).File page can be provided with security feature, particularly data, preferably personal data in this form of implementation.In addition, described security feature, particularly data, preferably personal data are preferably arranged on the side of file page of the inner side turning to book or volume, that is, are not arranged on the outside of book or volume.In this embodiment, not only the page of file page but also another outside can be connected with brace by means of ultrasonic wave.
Aborning, brace and file page can combine respectively and be welded to one another.Alternatively, described brace and file page also can be processed in reel is to reel equipment (Rolle-zu-Rolle-Anlage).For this reason, there is the corresponding cylinder material being used for brace and file page, described cylinder material combines by rights (provide and be arranged in matching each other and go up each other) and be then welded to one another.Then, the material of brace and file page is welded to one another in overlapping region.Finally, described unit is separated from cylinder material.
File page is typically for identifying people and thing.Therefore, described file page is preferably configured to personalization, particularly personalized file.For this reason, file page has security feature, the photo of such as people, this people's or thing with expressly or in an encrypted form or the data of the form formed by means of appropriate ways, it almost can not be forged or be difficult to be forged, the data such as reappeared in such as alphanumeric figure with special iridescent or flipchart, graphics, special printed design, such as knob rope decorations, variable color and like this.In addition, file page can be designed as the RFID file (radio frequency identification (RF identification)) with antenna and RFID semiconductor chip.In addition, file page also has electronic unit, such as electronic display, sensor, such as touch sensor and like this.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is described in detail according to following accompanying drawing.Described accompanying drawing and accompanying drawing illustrate it is only exemplary explanation of the present invention, do not limit the protection domain of the application.
Fig. 1 illustrates the secure file of the book type in the first embodiment in sketch with cross section;
Fig. 2 illustrates the secure file of the book type in the second embodiment in sketch with cross section;
Fig. 3 illustrates the sketch of file page and brace with top view, and described file page and brace are arranged overlappingly;
Fig. 4 illustrates the sketch of the ultrasonic brazing unit with file page and brace with side view;
Fig. 5 in sketch with top view (left side), the working face that the sonotrode in the first embodiment is shown with side view (the right);
Fig. 6 in sketch with top view (left side), the working face that the sonotrode in the second embodiment is shown with side view (the right);
Fig. 7 illustrates the file page of welding with brace;
Fig. 8 mechanical separation test is shown after the file page of welding with brace;
Fig. 9 illustrates the sketch of file page in special embodiment and brace with top view, and described file page and brace are arranged overlappingly.
Identical element is provided with identical Reference numeral in the accompanying drawings.
Detailed description of the invention
Secure file 1 shown in Fig. 1 is such as travelling passport.Described secure file by the book envelope (book back) 2 in the outside such as formed with cardboard, multiple pages of passports 3a, 3b, 3c ... form with file page 4, this file page is the passport book card be made up of PC-laminate in this case.Book envelope 2 can have folding 5, and the part of book envelope 2 is connected in the region of described folding.Book envelope 2 such as can comprise two rigid element 2a adjacent one another are, 2b, and described part is connected to each other by means of the strip of paper used for sealing of flexibility, and its mode is, described part wraps into by the strip of paper used for sealing of described flexibility.The badge of country that book envelope 2 can be provided with badge, such as issue on outside.
In inner side, for recording multiple file page 3a of visa, 3b, 3c ... be connected with book envelope 2 with passport book card 4.Book envelope 2 and file page 3a, 3b, 3c ... configuration file body 20.
Passport book card 4 passes through brace 6 and file page 3a, 3b, 3c ... be connected with book envelope 2.For this reason, passport book card 4 is connected with brace 6 by being welded to connect 7 with method in mode according to the present invention.Passport book card 4 is arranged between the file page 3a of book envelope 2 and inside.In order to connect, described parts are sewed up each other.Suture 8 (silk thread) passes file page 3a in the region of folding 5,3b, 3c ..., brace 6 and book envelope 2 and they are connected to each other.In order to be fixed in the book back 2 by suture 8, the folding band 9 be made up of the material of flexibility is adhered in folding 8.
File page 3a, 3b, 3c ... it is the visa page of travelling passport 1.Described file page is except security feature or other the print characteristics not to be provided with other except the security printing of knob rope decorations, watermark and identification code form if desired.
Passport book card 4 has different security features, and the passport owner that especially travels individualizes.Comprise the photo of holder, the cognizable personal data of holder and other security features for this reason.Passport book card 4 also can be equipped with antenna and RFID semiconductor chip as RFID file and be equipped with electronic unit if desired.
Brace 6 is manufactured by braided material, and described braided material is made up of thermoplasticity PET.Therefore, described brace is flexible, thus travelling passport 1 can close without problems and open.PET has fusing point or glass transition temperature, and described glass transition temperature achieves, and namely can set up and being welded to connect of passport book card 4, its mode is, the material molten of brace 6 or even melt.In addition, passport book card 4 is also by fusible material manufacture, namely with the form manufacture of the pressure layer be made up of PC, described pressure layer has thermoplastic characteristic.The same melting or even melt when adding energy of described material.Being welded to connect of forming 7 is very firmly.
The secure file 1 of the travelling passport form in the embodiment replaced shown in Fig. 2.The difference of described embodiment and the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 is, in the described situation, the half (before passport 1 of preferably travelling) of the book envelope 2 of travelling passport 1 is made up of passport book card 4.Passport book card preferably towards interior (towards file page 3a, 3b, 3c ...) side on be provided with data.Book envelope 2 second half (back side of passport 1 of preferably travelling) is configured to part 2a as the embodiment in Fig. 1.In the described situation, brace 6 occurs on the position of the folding band 9 shown in Fig. 1.The part 2a of book envelope 2 is connected with brace 6 by being welded to connect 7 as passport book card 4 ground equally.
Schematically show the unit be made up of together with passport book card 4 brace 6 with top view in Fig. 3.Overlapping region 21 between brace 6 and passport book card 4 extends in the whole length of side of passport book card 4, because described brace 6 length the same as the length of side.
The view of the ultrasonic brazing unit 10 provided further in Fig. 4 illustrates the bearing of the sonotrode 11 being positioned at top and anvil 12 form being positioned at below.The unit that the passport book card 4 that the working face 13,14 of sonotrode 11 and anvil 12 presses layer to form with the brace 6 of the yarn fabric be made up of the PET arranged overlappingly and PC-forms aligns.The working face 13,14 of sonotrode 11 and anvil 12 roughly has the width of overlapping region 21.In addition, the working face of sonotrode 11 and anvil 12 extends perpendicular to the whole length of view plane along overlapping region 21.Therefore, in process, generation is welded to connect 7.The working face 13 of the sonotrode 11 directly contacted with brace 6 is according to Fig. 5, and one in the embodiment of 6 is carried out facility and has profile 15.The working face 14 of anvil 12 is smooth.Being welded to connect 7 to produce, being applied to the plane of overlapping region by engaging force F from upper vertical, the reaction force F ' of anvil 12 is corresponding to described engaging force (see arrow).Engaging time is such as 0.3s.
Fig. 5, provides two embodiments of the working face of sonotrode 11 in 6.In the first embodiment (Fig. 5), the working face 13 of sonotrode 11 be characterised in that multiple that extend parallel to each other, that elongate, projection, with the subregion of profile 15 form, the top of described subregion comes to a point gradually, thus described subregion forms cross-shaped portion 16 there.Due to the high compressive load per unit area therefore realized, this achieve and efficiently energy is incorporated in brace 6 and passport book card 4.In the second embodiment (Fig. 6), the working face 13 of sonotrode 11 is characterised in that the net grid of the subregion 17 of projection, described subregion are parallel to the principal plane formation leveling portion 18 of working face.The net grid size s of subregion is roughly corresponding to the mesh width r of the brace of weaving.What be made up of profile is welded to connect generation in welding region 19 (see Fig. 7,8).
Be made up of multiple welding region 19 shown in Fig. 7, to press at the PC-of the brace 6 be made up of PET braided material and passport book card 4 and be welded to connect 7 between layer.The weft yarn connecting line be approximately perpendicular between brace and passport book card 4 of brace 6 extends in welding region 19, and warp thread 22 is parallel to the extension of described connecting line.Be welded to connect 7 to be formed by the sonotrode 11 with working face 13 according to Fig. 5.
Describedly be welded to connect 7 and stand mechanical stretching, to simulate the disengaging of the connection between brace 6 and passport book card 4.For this reason, brace 6 and passport book card 4 are drawn apart from one another in the plane being welded to connect 7 on the direction being parallel to weft yarn.This can find out, can not realize departing from no damage, but self fracture in the region of the brace 6 of yarn fabric outside join domain.The forgery of passport book card 4 to travelling passport 1 is separated therefore, it is possible to be easily identified by.
In addition, Fig. 9 illustrates the special embodiment of the file page 4 be connected overlappingly in overlapping region 21 with brace 6.In this fashion, brace is consisted of the mixed goods be made up of two kinds of textile materials, and described mixed goods is made up of weft yarn 22 and warp thread 23.Weft yarn is made up of the material that can melt in welding process, such as PET, and warp thread is made up of the material that can not melt, such as cellulosic material or protein, preferably cotton.Warp thread (is arranged in overlapping region outside) freely from brace region extends to overlapping region.When welding, the weft yarn fusing only extended in overlapping region, and warp thread is in this region non-fusible in welding process, thus described warp thread keeps its shape.Therefore, achieve and very firmly connect.
Reference list
1 secure file, passport file, travelling passport
2 books, confer titles of nobility on skin, volume, the book back
3a, 3b, 3c file page, pages of passports
4 file pages, passport book card
5 foldings
6 braces
7 are welded to connect
8 sutures
9 folding bands
10 ultrasonic brazing units
11 sonotrodes
12 bearings, anvil
The working face of 13 sonotrodes
The working face of 14 anvils
15 profiles, the subregion on the working face of sonotrode
16 cross-shaped portions
17 profiles, the subregion on the working face of sonotrode
18 leveling portions
19 welding regions
20 file body
21 overlapping regions
22 warp thread
23 weft yarns
F, F ' power
The net grid size of s profile
The net grid size of r fabric

Claims (13)

1. the method be connected with the file page (4) of the information of storage for the brace (6) making at least one be made up of textile material, wherein, the described textile material of described at least one brace (6) is different from the page material forming described file page (4), wherein, described file page (4) can be connected with file body (20) by means of described at least one brace (6), described method comprises the steps: a) to arrange described at least one brace (6) and described file page (4) overlappingly, thus form the overlapping region (21) of described at least one brace (6) and described file page (4), and b) in described overlapping region (21), weld described at least one brace (6) and described file page (4).
2. the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described welding is carried out by means of the method be incorporated into by sound wave in described overlapping region (21).
3. according to the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) in any one of the preceding claims wherein, it is characterized in that, described at least one brace (6) and described file page (4) are welded to one another in described overlapping region (21) at least two isolated relative to each other welding regions (19).
4., according to the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) in any one of the preceding claims wherein, it is characterized in that, described textile material is made up of thermoplastic polymer at least in part.
5. according to the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) in any one of the preceding claims wherein, it is characterized in that, described textile material is made up of at least two kinds of different materials, one in described bi-material is when welding and described file page (4) at least melting, and another kind of material is not connected with described file page (4).
6., according to the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) in any one of the preceding claims wherein, it is characterized in that, described textile material is made up of polyester at least in part.
7. according to the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) in any one of the preceding claims wherein, it is characterized in that, the page material of described file page (4) is formed by Merlon or by polycarbonate derivatives at least in part.
8. according to the method for making at least one brace (6) be connected with file page (4) in any one of the preceding claims wherein, it is characterized in that, described file page (4) forms the card of secure file (1).
9. the method for the manufacture of secure file (1), it comprises the steps: A) the file page (4) of storage information and brace (6) that at least one is made up of textile material are provided, wherein, the described textile material of described at least one brace (6) is different from the page material forming described file page (4); B) described at least one brace (6) and described file page (4) is arranged overlappingly, thus form the overlapping region (21) of described at least one brace (6) and described file page (4), C) described at least one brace (6) of welding and described file page (4) in described overlapping region (21); And D) by described at least one brace (6), described file page (4) is fixed in the file body (20) of described secure file (1).
10. the method for the manufacture of secure file (1) according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described secure file (1) is formed with the form of volume or book, and at least one brace described (6) is at method step D) in carry on the back (2) with the volume of described volume or be connected with the book back (2) of described book.
11. methods for the manufacture of secure file (1) according to any one of claim 9 and 10, is characterized in that, method step D) or at method step A) and B) between or at method step C) after carry out.
12. methods for the manufacture of secure file (1) according to any one of claim 9 to 11, it is characterized in that, described secure file is passport file (1), and described file page is passport book card (4).
The secure file (1) of 13. 1 kinds of book forms or volume form, it has the one or more page of band or an album of paintings or calligraphy (3a, 3b, 3c, ) file body (20) and the file page (4) of brace (6) that at least one is connected with described file body (20) and the information of storage, described file page is connected with described at least one brace (6) by means of being welded to connect (7), wherein, described at least one brace (6) is made up of textile material, wherein, the textile material of described at least one brace (6) is different from the page material forming described file page (4).
CN201380041279.1A 2012-08-06 2013-07-03 Method for connecting at least one connection sheet with file page, the method for manufacturing secure file and secure file Active CN104520117B (en)

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DE102012213913.3A DE102012213913A1 (en) 2012-08-06 2012-08-06 Method for connecting at least one connecting tab to a document sheet, method for producing a security document and security document
PCT/EP2013/064007 WO2014023482A1 (en) 2012-08-06 2013-07-03 Method for connecting at least one connection piece to a document sheet, method for producing a security document and security document

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CN104520117B (en) 2019-07-12
ES2765034T3 (en) 2020-06-05
DE102012213913A1 (en) 2014-02-06
EP2879884A1 (en) 2015-06-10
EP2879884B1 (en) 2019-11-27
WO2014023482A1 (en) 2014-02-13

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