CN104365351A - High-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in open field - Google Patents

High-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in open field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104365351A
CN104365351A CN201410642801.8A CN201410642801A CN104365351A CN 104365351 A CN104365351 A CN 104365351A CN 201410642801 A CN201410642801 A CN 201410642801A CN 104365351 A CN104365351 A CN 104365351A
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China
Prior art keywords
time
water
seedlings
cauliflowers
planting
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Pending
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CN201410642801.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
隋丕向
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201410642801.8A priority Critical patent/CN104365351A/en
Publication of CN104365351A publication Critical patent/CN104365351A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A high-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in an open field is characterized by comprising the processes of soil preparation, ridging, seedling cultivation, transplantation and field planting, management and the like. The problems that cauliflowers are easily influenced by the environment under traditional cultivation and planting modes, seedlings emerge irregularly, both big and small seedlings are uneven, the rejuvenation period is long after transplantation, undergrowth of leaf plants occurs, and consequently leaves are prone to crimp and deformation and prone to diseases and decay in the later period are solved. The high-efficiency cultivation technique is suitable for planting of cauliflowers in the open field.

Description

A kind of cabbage heart open country High efficiency and high quality cultivation technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to growing vegetables field, is a kind of cabbage heart open country High efficiency and high quality cultivation technology specifically.
Background technology
At present, cabbage heart cultivation mode is: adopt traditional native seedbed nursery, do bedding cultivation, broad irrigation is watered wholely, the management mode of artificial trench digging caving & fertilizing, its shortcoming be easily affected by environment emerge uneven, large seedling is uneven, and after transplanting, seedling-slowing stage is long, leaf strain undergrowth, easily cause leaf rolling deformity, later stage many diseases are rotted.Adverse effect is brought to cabbage heart High efficiency and high quality cultivation.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is the technical problem solving traditional cabbage heart cultivation method existence, invents a kind of cabbage heart open country High efficiency and high quality cultivation technology.
Technical scheme of the present invention, its special character comprises process:
1, whole ground ridging: first plough, next spreads fertilizer over the fields base manure, then revolves ground, ridging, paving irrigate band, covering film, ridge height 16-20 centimetre, row spacing 85-90 centimetre;
2, nursery: the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, perlite are mixed as matrix in the ratio of 9-3-1, the matrix mixed is loaded 128 hole dishes, and one, every hole seed, then puts into intelligent greenhouse and sets, carry out nursery;
3, transplant planting: when cabbage heart seedling grows to " three leaves wholeheartedly ", be transplanted to land for growing field crops, every ridge duplicate rows, spacing in the rows 27-30 centimetre, digs cave field planting, and trains real surrounding soil, and transplanting should not be excessively dark, makes base portion just put down with earth's surface, and waters normal root root water in time;
4, water and fertilizer management: keep certain soil moisture content (soil moisture content 65-75%), adopt drip irrigation moisturizing fertile time not enough, 7-10 days pour seedling recovering waters after field planting, on the basis using sufficient base manure, chase after urea 5-8 kilogram (first time topdresses) in conjunction with pour seedling recovering water every mu, enter the rosette stage, to water with cultivated generation, in good time restraining the growth of seedlings, root system is impelled to grow to depth, the restraining the growth of seedlings time should rest in 8-10 days, when lobus cardiacus starts inclusion, restraining the growth of seedlings should be terminated, start watering, fertilizing, every mu chases after N P and K punching fertilising 5-10 kilogram, enter peak of growing season, third time is chased after fertile in conjunction with watering, every mu chases after 5 kilograms, urea, 5 kilograms, potash fertilizer or the fertile 7-10 kilogram of N P and K punching fertilising, to suitably control to water at later stages, and combine spray medicine foliage-spray potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the foliage fertilizers such as calcium chloride or other calcareous fertilisers.
Technique effect
Technique effect of the present invention is, adopts above-mentioned technical scheme, can realize cabbage heart open country High efficiency and high quality cultivation, this cultivation mode can make seed sprouting fast, neat, even, and after transplanting, slow seedling is fast, and field management water-saving economizes fertile saving of labor, disease pest and weed is few, and output is high, quality better.
Embodiment
1, whole ground ridging: first plough, next spreads fertilizer over the fields base manure, then revolves ground, ridging, paving irrigate band, covering film, ridge height 16-20 centimetre, row spacing 85-90 centimetre;
2, nursery: the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, perlite are mixed as matrix in the ratio of 9-3-1, the matrix mixed is loaded 128 hole dishes, and one, every hole seed, then puts into intelligent greenhouse and sets, carry out nursery;
3, transplant planting: when cabbage heart seedling grows to " three leaves wholeheartedly ", be transplanted to land for growing field crops, every ridge duplicate rows, spacing in the rows 27-30 centimetre, digs cave field planting, and trains real surrounding soil, and transplanting should not be excessively dark, makes base portion just put down with earth's surface, and waters normal root root water in time;
4, water and fertilizer management: keep certain soil moisture content (soil moisture content 65-75%), adopt drip irrigation moisturizing fertile time not enough, 7-10 days pour seedling recovering waters after field planting, on the basis using sufficient base manure, chase after urea 5-8 kilogram (first time topdresses) in conjunction with pour seedling recovering water every mu, enter the rosette stage, to water with cultivated generation, in good time restraining the growth of seedlings, root system is impelled to grow to depth, the restraining the growth of seedlings time should rest in 8-10 days, when lobus cardiacus starts inclusion, restraining the growth of seedlings should be terminated, start watering, fertilizing, every mu chases after N P and K punching fertilising 5-10 kilogram, enter peak of growing season, third time is chased after fertile in conjunction with watering, every mu chases after 5 kilograms, urea, 5 kilograms, potash fertilizer or the fertile 7-10 kilogram of N P and K punching fertilising, to suitably control to water at later stages, and combine spray medicine foliage-spray potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the foliage fertilizers such as calcium chloride or other calcareous fertilisers.

Claims (1)

1. a cabbage heart open country High efficiency and high quality cultivation technology, is characterized in that comprising following process:
1, whole ground ridging: first plough, next spreads fertilizer over the fields base manure, then revolves ground, ridging, paving irrigate band, covering film, ridge height 16-20 centimetre, row spacing 85-90 centimetre;
2, nursery: the peat composed of rotten mosses, vermiculite, perlite are mixed as matrix in the ratio of 9-3-1, the matrix mixed is loaded 128 hole dishes, and one, every hole seed, then puts into intelligent greenhouse and sets, carry out nursery;
3, transplant planting: when cabbage heart seedling grows to " three leaves wholeheartedly ", be transplanted to land for growing field crops, every ridge duplicate rows, spacing in the rows 27-30 centimetre, digs cave field planting, and trains real surrounding soil, and transplanting should not be excessively dark, makes base portion just put down with earth's surface, and waters normal root root water in time;
4, water and fertilizer management: keep certain soil moisture content (soil moisture content 65-75%), adopt drip irrigation moisturizing fertile time not enough, 7-10 days pour seedling recovering waters after field planting, on the basis using sufficient base manure, chase after urea 5-8 kilogram (first time topdresses) in conjunction with pour seedling recovering water every mu, enter the rosette stage, to water with cultivated generation, in good time restraining the growth of seedlings, root system is impelled to grow to depth, the restraining the growth of seedlings time should rest in 8-10 days, when lobus cardiacus starts inclusion, restraining the growth of seedlings should be terminated, start watering, fertilizing, every mu chases after N P and K punching fertilising 5-10 kilogram, enter peak of growing season, third time is chased after fertile in conjunction with watering, every mu chases after 5 kilograms, urea, 5 kilograms, potash fertilizer or the fertile 7-10 kilogram of N P and K punching fertilising, to suitably control to water at later stages, and combine spray medicine foliage-spray potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the foliage fertilizers such as calcium chloride or other calcareous fertilisers.
CN201410642801.8A 2014-11-02 2014-11-02 High-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in open field Pending CN104365351A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410642801.8A CN104365351A (en) 2014-11-02 2014-11-02 High-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in open field

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410642801.8A CN104365351A (en) 2014-11-02 2014-11-02 High-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in open field

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104365351A true CN104365351A (en) 2015-02-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410642801.8A Pending CN104365351A (en) 2014-11-02 2014-11-02 High-efficiency cultivation technique for high-quality cauliflowers in open field

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108450257A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-08-28 砚山万宝春园农业种植有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cabbage heart

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108450257A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-08-28 砚山万宝春园农业种植有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cabbage heart

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Application publication date: 20150225