CN104025958A - Planting method of organic rice - Google Patents

Planting method of organic rice Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104025958A
CN104025958A CN201410283209.3A CN201410283209A CN104025958A CN 104025958 A CN104025958 A CN 104025958A CN 201410283209 A CN201410283209 A CN 201410283209A CN 104025958 A CN104025958 A CN 104025958A
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China
Prior art keywords
seed
rice
water
film
fertilizer
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Pending
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CN201410283209.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马健
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Taicang Shuan Jian Service Cooperation For Agricultural Machinery
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Taicang Shuan Jian Service Cooperation For Agricultural Machinery
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Priority to CN201410283209.3A priority Critical patent/CN104025958A/en
Publication of CN104025958A publication Critical patent/CN104025958A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a planting method of organic rice. The planting method includes: 1, selecting seeds; 2, sterilizing the seeds; 3, sowing the seeds; 4, transplanting seedlings; 5, managing growth and fertilization. The planting method has the advantages that the method is natural and pollution free, the planted rice is of great vitality, the method is economical and practical and meets the law of growth, great care is taken in the whole process, and phased cultivation is performed; accordingly, the planting method has promising market prospect in popularization.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of organic paddy rice
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of planting, particularly relate to a kind of implantation methods of organic paddy rice.
Background technology
Paddy rice is the staple food crop of China, extensively plant each places such as south China in China, Central China, North China, southwest, northeast, Rice Cropping industry is supporting our agricultural planting industry and also to national people and even the people of the world, is providing a meter grain, yet existing Rice Cropping is attached most importance to mainly with speed and output, the due growth cycle of paddy rice and Organic have more been ignored, thereby the paddy rice producing now adopts transgenic method, cross method, agricultural chemicals management method etc. more and affect the quality of paddy rice, be unfavorable for eater's health.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of implantation methods of organic paddy rice, by adopting the method for organic cultivation, the forgo use of agricultural chemicals, to paddy rice control from source, thereby guarantee the Organic of each link of paddy growth, nontoxic, safe and practical, improve output, on the implantation methods of organic paddy rice universal, have market prospects widely.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of implantation methods of organic paddy rice, comprise the following steps:
(1) seed is chosen: choose temperature higher than at 9 in fine day morning of 26 ℃ to point in afternoons 3, rice paddy seed is made thinner and on level ground, basked seeds to strengthen the water penetration of seed, gas permeability and germination rate, per hour turning over planted once, to guarantee that seed is heated, in uniform light, continue 2 ~ 3 days, complete and carry out salt solution sieve kind after basking seeds, in clear water, add salt to stir until the density of solution is 1.10 ~ 1.13, then above-mentioned seed being put into salting liquid in batches fully stirs, skim the seed and the impurity that swim in solution surface, by the seed that sinks to solution bottom pull out rear use clear water rinse 2 ~ 3 times stand-by,
(2) seed disinfection: use the former powder of 98% Padan to add 6000 times, water, add again 3% carbendazim solution to mix, seed is put into above-mentioned solution to be soaked 64 ~ 72 hours, within every 4 ~ 6 hours, stir once, make upper and lower seed medicine even, after having sterilized, seed is pulled out, is put into clear water and soak 30 ~ 45 minutes, change clear water again soak after 30 ~ 45 minutes, pull out stand-by;
(3) sowing: use yield increasing fungus with wet the kind to reach strong sprout of ratio uniform stirring of 1:500, the effect of volume increase, then together with yield increasing fungus, in seedbed, sow, covering with plastic film, use manual method to control 28 ~ 32 ℃ of temperature daytimes in mulch film, 18 ~ 25 ℃ of nights, after sprouting, use manual method to control 20 ~ 25 ℃ of temperature daytimes in mulch film, 15 ~ 22 ℃ of nights, when being needle-like after 5 ~ 7 days before first expansion leaf is unfolded completely, sowing takes off film, if fine, take off between the lights film, if the cloudy tide of weather, takes off film in the morning, when taking off film, water the water of revealing the exact details, to supplement the deficiency of taking off soil moisture after film, strengthen environment-adapting ability and the vitality of rice shoot,
(4) transplanting: paddy field is applied to base manure, base manure comprises diammonium phosphate and bio-fertilizer, after reaching 5 ~ 8cm, the height of rice shoot transplants rice transplanting, the degree of depth of rice transplanting is 1 ~ 2cm, spacing 5 ~ 8cm, after completing rice transplanting, guide water to enter field seedling-protection, 4 ~ 6cm was at 9 ~ 10 days for the assurance depth of water, then put shallow water position to 3cm, every 3 days supplementary water levels once, reduce water level in the timely draining of heavy rain weather;
(5) growth fertilizing management: apply fertilizer once in during seedling growth every 15 ~ 25 days, the quality proportioning of described fertilizer comprises 3 ~ 4 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 2 ~ 3 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 1 ~ 3 part of potash fertilizer, 5 ~ 8 parts of bio-fertilizers, until ripe.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the described seed disinfection in step (2) is mainly used in preventing Aplelenchiodes bessegi of rice and bakanae disease.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the described manual method in step (3) comprises plastic mulching straw, electric light temperature-raising method and combustion carbon temperature-raising method.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the quality proportioning of the described bio-fertilizer in step (4), (5) comprises 5 ~ 8 parts of stalks, 5 ~ 8 portions of soya-bean cakes, 3 ~ 5 parts of human excrements and 3 ~ 5 parts of chicken manures.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the implantation methods of organic paddy rice of the present invention have natural nuisance-free, vitality strong, economical and practical, meet that growth rhythm, whole process make much of, the advantage such as cultivation stage by stage, on the implantation methods of organic paddy rice universal, have market prospects widely.
Embodiment
Below the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the present invention, those of ordinary skills, not making all other embodiment that obtain under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
An implantation methods for organic paddy rice, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed is chosen: choose temperature higher than at 9 in fine day morning of 26 ℃ to point in afternoons 3, rice paddy seed is made thinner and on level ground, basked seeds to strengthen the water penetration of seed, gas permeability and germination rate, per hour turning over planted once, to guarantee that seed is heated, in uniform light, continue 2 ~ 3 days, complete and carry out salt solution sieve kind after basking seeds, in clear water, add salt to stir until the density of solution is 1.10 ~ 1.13, then above-mentioned seed being put into salting liquid in batches fully stirs, skim the seed and the impurity that swim in solution surface, by the seed that sinks to solution bottom pull out rear use clear water rinse 2 ~ 3 times stand-by, a quality of control rice paddy seed from source, select full, healthy seed is conducive to improve germination rate, strengthen vitality, improve output, improve rice quality,
(2) seed disinfection: use the former powder of 98% Padan to add 6000 times, water, add again 3% carbendazim solution to mix, seed is put into above-mentioned solution to be soaked 64 ~ 72 hours, within every 4 ~ 6 hours, stir once, make upper and lower seed medicine even, after having sterilized, seed is pulled out, putting into clear water soaks 30 ~ 45 minutes, change clear water and again soak and after 30 ~ 45 minutes, pull out stand-byly, from seed stage, just start to carry out prevention and the control of insect pest disease, organic harmless;
(3) sowing: use yield increasing fungus with wet the kind to reach strong sprout of ratio uniform stirring of 1:500, the effect of volume increase, then together with yield increasing fungus, in seedbed, sow, covering with plastic film, use manual method to control 28 ~ 32 ℃ of temperature daytimes in mulch film, 18 ~ 25 ℃ of nights, after sprouting, use manual method to control 20 ~ 25 ℃ of temperature daytimes in mulch film, 15 ~ 22 ℃ of nights, when being needle-like after 5 ~ 7 days before first expansion leaf is unfolded completely, sowing takes off film, if fine, take off between the lights film, if the cloudy tide of weather, takes off film in the morning, when taking off film, water the water of revealing the exact details, to supplement the deficiency of taking off soil moisture after film, strengthen environment-adapting ability and the vitality of rice shoot,
(4) transplanting: paddy field is applied to base manure, base manure comprises diammonium phosphate and bio-fertilizer, after reaching 5 ~ 8cm, the height of rice shoot transplants rice transplanting, the degree of depth of rice transplanting is 1 ~ 2cm, spacing 5 ~ 8cm, after completing rice transplanting, guide water to enter field seedling-protection, 4 ~ 6cm was at 9 ~ 10 days for the assurance depth of water, then put shallow water position to 3cm, every 3 days supplementary water levels once, reduce water level in the timely draining of heavy rain weather;
(5) growth fertilizing management: apply fertilizer once in during seedling growth every 15 ~ 25 days, the quality proportioning of described fertilizer comprises 3 ~ 4 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 2 ~ 3 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 1 ~ 3 part of potash fertilizer, 5 ~ 8 parts of bio-fertilizers, until ripe.
Preferably, the described seed disinfection in step (2) is mainly used in preventing Aplelenchiodes bessegi of rice and bakanae disease.
Preferably, the described manual method in step (3) comprises plastic mulching straw, electric light temperature-raising method and combustion carbon temperature-raising method.
Preferably, the quality proportioning of the described bio-fertilizer in step (4), (5) comprises 5 ~ 8 parts of stalks, 5 ~ 8 portions of soya-bean cakes, 3 ~ 5 parts of human excrements and 3 ~ 5 parts of chicken manures.
The beneficial effect of the implantation methods of organic paddy rice of the present invention is:
One, pass through to adopt the method for organic cultivation, the use of the agricultural chemicals of forgoing, to paddy rice control from source, thus the Organic of each link of assurance paddy growth, nontoxic, safe and practical, raising output;
Two, by employing, bask seeds and sort seed by salt water, from source, the quality of control rice paddy seed, select full, healthy seed and be conducive to improve germination rate, strengthen vitality, improve output, improve rice quality;
Three, with respect to the implantation methods of general organic paddy rice, the organic manure of the implantation methods of organic paddy rice of the present invention adopts farmyard manure and azophoska to mix and uses, with strong points, heat recovery, economical environment-protective, safe and reliable.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. an implantation methods for organic paddy rice, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed is chosen: choose temperature higher than at 9 in fine day morning of 26 ℃ to point in afternoons 3, rice paddy seed is made thinner and on level ground, basked seeds to strengthen the water penetration of seed, gas permeability and germination rate, per hour turning over planted once, to guarantee that seed is heated, in uniform light, continue 2 ~ 3 days, complete and carry out salt solution sieve kind after basking seeds, in clear water, add salt to stir until the density of solution is 1.10 ~ 1.13, then above-mentioned seed being put into salting liquid in batches fully stirs, skim the seed and the impurity that swim in solution surface, by the seed that sinks to solution bottom pull out rear use clear water rinse 2 ~ 3 times stand-by,
(2) seed disinfection: use the former powder of 98% Padan to add 6000 times, water, add again 3% carbendazim solution to mix, seed is put into above-mentioned solution to be soaked 64 ~ 72 hours, within every 4 ~ 6 hours, stir once, make upper and lower seed medicine even, after having sterilized, seed is pulled out, is put into clear water and soak 30 ~ 45 minutes, change clear water again soak after 30 ~ 45 minutes, pull out stand-by;
(3) sowing: use yield increasing fungus with wet the kind to reach strong sprout of ratio uniform stirring of 1:500, the effect of volume increase, then together with yield increasing fungus, in seedbed, sow, covering with plastic film, use manual method to control 28 ~ 32 ℃ of temperature daytimes in mulch film, 18 ~ 25 ℃ of nights, after sprouting, use manual method to control 20 ~ 25 ℃ of temperature daytimes in mulch film, 15 ~ 22 ℃ of nights, when being needle-like after 5 ~ 7 days before first expansion leaf is unfolded completely, sowing takes off film, if fine, take off between the lights film, if the cloudy tide of weather, takes off film in the morning, when taking off film, water the water of revealing the exact details, to supplement the deficiency of taking off soil moisture after film, strengthen environment-adapting ability and the vitality of rice shoot,
(4) transplanting: paddy field is applied to base manure, base manure comprises diammonium phosphate and bio-fertilizer, after reaching 5 ~ 8cm, the height of rice shoot transplants rice transplanting, the degree of depth of rice transplanting is 1 ~ 2cm, spacing 5 ~ 8cm, after completing rice transplanting, guide water to enter field seedling-protection, 4 ~ 6cm was at 9 ~ 10 days for the assurance depth of water, then put shallow water position to 3cm, every 3 days supplementary water levels once, reduce water level in the timely draining of heavy rain weather;
(5) growth fertilizing management: apply fertilizer once in during seedling growth every 15 ~ 25 days, the quality proportioning of described fertilizer comprises 3 ~ 4 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 2 ~ 3 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 1 ~ 3 part of potash fertilizer, 5 ~ 8 parts of bio-fertilizers, until ripe.
2. the implantation methods of organic paddy rice according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described seed disinfection in step (2) is mainly used in preventing Aplelenchiodes bessegi of rice and bakanae disease.
3. the implantation methods of organic paddy rice according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described manual method in step (3) comprises plastic mulching straw, electric light temperature-raising method and combustion carbon temperature-raising method.
4. the implantation methods of organic paddy rice according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the quality proportioning of the described bio-fertilizer in step (4), (5) comprises 5 ~ 8 parts of stalks, 5 ~ 8 portions of soya-bean cakes, 3 ~ 5 parts of human excrements and 3 ~ 5 parts of chicken manures.
CN201410283209.3A 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Planting method of organic rice Pending CN104025958A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104956972A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-07 潜山县夏桥农作物种植专业合作社 Pure natural pollution-free paddy rice planting method
CN105850620A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-17 厦门人天景农业科技有限公司 Organic rice planting method
CN106718436A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 安徽华安种业有限责任公司 A kind of paddy rice planting method of preventing disease and pest
CN105684803B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-09-10 江苏猿人有机水稻种植有限公司 Crop smothering preventing control method in organic paddy rice planting process

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1353098A (en) * 2000-11-02 2002-06-12 中国科学院长春地理研究所 Fertilizer dedicated for cultivating paddy rice as class-A green food in mid-mountain area
CN103190271A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 南京富帆健康管理咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for increasing rice yield
CN103814785A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-05-28 佛山市绿然谷果蔬食品有限公司 Cultivation method of Xiangya Xiangnian rice

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1353098A (en) * 2000-11-02 2002-06-12 中国科学院长春地理研究所 Fertilizer dedicated for cultivating paddy rice as class-A green food in mid-mountain area
CN103190271A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 南京富帆健康管理咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for increasing rice yield
CN103814785A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-05-28 佛山市绿然谷果蔬食品有限公司 Cultivation method of Xiangya Xiangnian rice

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
于爱红,何军艇,刘丽: "《有机水稻种植示范技术初探》", 《现代化农业》 *
杨杰: "《水稻基础知识培训》", 《百度文库,HTTP://WENKU.BAIDU.COM/LINK?URL=QTHJA1_XW-XK0RAWSUWHKZMWRAGJ9JUOQRGQEKDT1ROVKGMBXM7DTOLHWCQFM-CR79K-W3HXPLNWJ0J7PNV-TKZJ38JGEYXWVDKDNIUJH2K》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104956972A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-07 潜山县夏桥农作物种植专业合作社 Pure natural pollution-free paddy rice planting method
CN105684803B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-09-10 江苏猿人有机水稻种植有限公司 Crop smothering preventing control method in organic paddy rice planting process
CN105850620A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-17 厦门人天景农业科技有限公司 Organic rice planting method
CN106718436A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 安徽华安种业有限责任公司 A kind of paddy rice planting method of preventing disease and pest

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