CN104956972A - Pure natural pollution-free paddy rice planting method - Google Patents

Pure natural pollution-free paddy rice planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104956972A
CN104956972A CN201510297795.1A CN201510297795A CN104956972A CN 104956972 A CN104956972 A CN 104956972A CN 201510297795 A CN201510297795 A CN 201510297795A CN 104956972 A CN104956972 A CN 104956972A
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Prior art keywords
rice
degree
fertilizer
time
once
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CN201510297795.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程胜来
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Qianshan Xiaqiao Crop Planting Specialized Coopoerative
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Qianshan Xiaqiao Crop Planting Specialized Coopoerative
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Priority to CN201510297795.1A priority Critical patent/CN104956972A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice

Abstract

A pure natural pollution-free paddy rice planting method comprises the following steps of performing seed selection, performing seed sowing, performing shed building, after undergoing the one-leaf one-core period, the two-leaf one-core period, three-leaf one-core period and after the three-leaf period, performing seedling plantation, after the young ear differentiation period, the heading and flowering period, performing fertilizer application, and after the ripe period, performing harvesting. Fertilizer for the paddy rice comprises the following components in parts by weight: urea of 1 to 5 parts, boric acid of 9 to 13 parts, potassium carbonate of 5 to 7 parts, methylene succinic acid of 10 to 15 parts, micro elements of 3 to 5 parts and growth regulator of 1 to 3 parts. With the above method, the paddy rice growth method is advantaged by natural culturing, seedling nursing phase care, nd grading culturing and being free of pollution.

Description

The pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural
Technical field
The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting field, specifically the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural.
Background technology
Population over half is in the world all in edible rice, and the plantation of paddy rice becomes the hot issue in the whole world.Rice Cropping is one of industry that in China's plant husbandry, system is huge, most basic industry in Ye Shi China agricultural, and paddy rice has supported the population of tens00000000.Existing Rice Cropping survival rate is low, vitality is not indomitable, and mainly the nursery stage does not carry out due treatment, thus result in the problem such as low yield and insect pest.
Summary of the invention
The present invention aims to provide the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural.
For realizing described object, the invention provides following technical scheme: a kind of pure natural is pollution-free paddy rice planting method, comprising the following steps:
(1) choose seeds: choose full grains, rice paddy seed of the same size, and above-mentioned rice paddy seed is immersed in 36-60 hour in the solution that the salt solution of 0.9% concentration and the hydrochloric acid ammoniacal liquor of 1% concentration mixes with 2:1 ratio, keep changing water once in every 8 hours;
(2) sow: selects one piece on the sunny side, wind sheltering, water filling square soil as the rice seedling bed of nursery, the rice paddy seed of above-mentioned immersion is imbedded described rice seedling bed by south-north direction, 10-15cm is interposed between seed, the degree of depth at 1-3cm, and sprinkles quicklime or the rice hull ash of every square of 100g ratio at the surface uniform in described rice seedling bed;
(3) put up a shed: building in above-mentioned rice seedling bed surrounding is highly the mulch film canopy of 5-10cm, thus the temperature in guarantee canopy remains on 28-35 degree, described mulch film canopy is removed by day, from dusk 6 keeping the state of building up to morning 8 time, removes mulch film canopy when reaching more than 80% wait emerging;
(4) one leaf one heart stages: build roof insulating when the height of rice shoot reaches 4.5-6.5cm, and use manual method to control temperature of shed at 25-28 degree, fine day morning 8 time-11 time and at dusk 4 time-6 time remove roof insulating and keep ventilation state, all the other times build roof insulating and keep keeping warm mode, sprinkle water to spray the mode of watering when every morning 8 with during the dusk 6, per week with the pesticide spraying rice shoot of every square metre of l0ml ratio;
(5) two leaf one heart stages: when the height of rice shoot reaches 6.5-7.5cm, use manual method to control temperature of shed at 18-20 degree, and reduce irrigation times, water once every morning 8 time;
(6) three leaf one heart stages: when the height of rice shoot reaches 7.5-8.5cm, use manual method to control temperature of shed at 8-15 degree, and reduce irrigation times again, every two days morning 8 time water once;
(7) after tri-leaf period: remove roof insulating completely, rice shoot is in completely and ventilates and outdoor state, keep watering once during every two days morning 8, and using the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 1% concentration of every square metre of 200-300g ratio or sulfuric acid to spray by rice shoot, the di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate of every square metre of 150g ratio spreads fertilizer over the fields by rice seedling bed;
(8) rice transplanting: when the height of rice shoot reaches 8.5-9.0cm, above-mentioned seedling with adhering soil, band medicine, band fertilizer are dug out from rice seedling bed, be transplanted in rice field, south-north direction rice transplanting, interval between rice shoot keeps 15-20cm, the degree of depth of transplanting seedlings is less than 3cm, within three days afterwards, remains on the water depth of pouring water in canal and is less than 2cm, keep illumination during this period;
(9) panicle spike primordium differentiation stage: grow to respectively at three leaves of this stage rice shoot and extract young fringe out, self-sow is kept in this stage, keep irrigating once for every 3 days at the weather of the maximum air temperature lower than 25 degree, keep irrigating once for every two days at the weather of the maximum air temperature higher than 25 degree, irrigate once every day in the weather maintenance of the maximum air temperature higher than 35 degree, all irrigate every day early morning 6 time, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once, every square metre uses 150-250g;
(10) full heading time: bloom to heading in the young fringe continued growth of this stage rice shoot, self-sow is kept in this stage, keep irrigating once for every 2 days at the weather of the maximum air temperature lower than 25 degree, irrigate once every day in the weather maintenance of the maximum air temperature higher than 25 degree, the maximum air temperature higher than 35 degree weather keep every day irrigate twice, all every day early morning 6 time or at dusk 6 time irrigate, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once, and every square metre uses 150-250g;
(11) apply fertilizer: the fertilizer used that applies fertilizer comprises the composition of following weight portion: urea 1-5 part, boric acid 9-13 part, potash 5-7 part, methene succinic acid 10-15 part, micro-3-5 part, growth regulator 1-3 part;
(12) maturing stage: when spike of rice hang down and in golden yellow full time can gather in.
Preferably, the described agricultural chemicals in step (4) is the agricultural chemicals of prevention damping off effect.
Preferably, the described manual method in step (4), (5) and (6) comprises raw cigarette method for increasing temperature and gas tank in canopy and to heat up water method for increasing temperature.
Preferably, the described fertilizer in step (9) and (10) comprises with the nitrogenous fertilizer of 3:1:1 ratio mixing, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer.
Preferably, the described spray in step (11) is the aqueous solution of 1000 times, copper sulphate, described chemical agent comprise cyanogen fluorine grass vinegar, benthiocarb and Stam F-34 in one or more.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of pure natural of the present invention, the rice seedling of invention is without fertile ox hair seedling, the fertile number of the early stage Shaoshi of the seedlings of cereal crops is few, and mid-term and later stage use sufficient the vigorous and science of fertilizer late growing stage and fill with the cultivation management new method promoting that output significantly improves less.Negated cultivate strong seedling, strong seedling half standing grain, uses sufficient base fertilizer, and early stage heavy dressing divides grain fertile, and 70% of fertilizer total amount is placed on the early stage cultivation Routine Management method of the seedlings of cereal crops.
Containing the necessary zinc of crop, boron, copper, iron, manganese, aluminium in fertilizer, various trace elements, applications of pesticide amount can be reduced, reduce costs, improve rice yield, promote Development of Rice, simultaneously for crop provides potassium element and boron element, to mutually promote absorption, improve utilization ratio, promote rice yield and quality.
Embodiment
Be clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention below, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural, comprises the following steps:
(1) choose seeds: choose full grains, rice paddy seed of the same size, and above-mentioned rice paddy seed is immersed in 36-60 hour in the solution that the salt solution of 0.9% concentration and the hydrochloric acid ammoniacal liquor of 1% concentration mixes with 2:1 ratio, keep changing water once in every 8 hours;
(2) sow: selects one piece on the sunny side, wind sheltering, water filling square soil as the rice seedling bed of nursery, the rice paddy seed of above-mentioned immersion is imbedded described rice seedling bed by south-north direction, 10-15cm is interposed between seed, the degree of depth at 1-3cm, and sprinkles quicklime or the rice hull ash of every square of 100g ratio at the surface uniform in described rice seedling bed;
(3) put up a shed: building in above-mentioned rice seedling bed surrounding is highly the mulch film canopy of 5-10cm, thus the temperature in guarantee canopy remains on 28-35 degree, described mulch film canopy is removed by day, from dusk 6 keeping the state of building up to morning 8 time, removes mulch film canopy when reaching more than 80% wait emerging;
(4) one leaf one heart stages: build roof insulating when the height of rice shoot reaches 4.5-6.5cm, and use manual method to control temperature of shed at 25-28 degree, fine day morning 8 time-11 time and at dusk 4 time-6 time remove roof insulating and keep ventilation state, all the other times build roof insulating and keep keeping warm mode, sprinkle water to spray the mode of watering when every morning 8 with during the dusk 6, per week with the pesticide spraying rice shoot of every square metre of l0ml ratio;
(5) two leaf one heart stages: when the height of rice shoot reaches 6.5-7.5cm, use manual method to control temperature of shed at 18-20 degree, and reduce irrigation times, water once every morning 8 time;
(6) three leaf one heart stages: when the height of rice shoot reaches 7.5-8.5cm, use manual method to control temperature of shed at 8-15 degree, and reduce irrigation times again, every two days morning 8 time water once;
(7) after tri-leaf period: remove roof insulating completely, rice shoot is in completely and ventilates and outdoor state, keep watering once during every two days morning 8, and using the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 1% concentration of every square metre of 200-300g ratio or sulfuric acid to spray by rice shoot, the di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate of every square metre of 150g ratio spreads fertilizer over the fields by rice seedling bed;
(8) rice transplanting: when the height of rice shoot reaches 8.5-9.0cm, above-mentioned seedling with adhering soil, band medicine, band fertilizer are dug out from rice seedling bed, be transplanted in rice field, south-north direction rice transplanting, interval between rice shoot keeps 15-20cm, the degree of depth of transplanting seedlings is less than 3cm, within three days afterwards, remains on the water depth of pouring water in canal and is less than 2cm, keep illumination during this period;
(9) panicle spike primordium differentiation stage: grow to respectively at three leaves of this stage rice shoot and extract young fringe out, self-sow is kept in this stage, keep irrigating once for every 3 days at the weather of the maximum air temperature lower than 25 degree, keep irrigating once for every two days at the weather of the maximum air temperature higher than 25 degree, irrigate once every day in the weather maintenance of the maximum air temperature higher than 35 degree, all irrigate every day early morning 6 time, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once, every square metre uses 150-250g;
(10) full heading time: bloom to heading in the young fringe continued growth of this stage rice shoot, self-sow is kept in this stage, keep irrigating once for every 2 days at the weather of the maximum air temperature lower than 25 degree, irrigate once every day in the weather maintenance of the maximum air temperature higher than 25 degree, the maximum air temperature higher than 35 degree weather keep every day irrigate twice, all every day early morning 6 time or at dusk 6 time irrigate, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once, and every square metre uses 150-250g;
(11) apply fertilizer: the fertilizer used that applies fertilizer comprises the composition of following weight portion: urea 1-5 part, boric acid 9-13 part, potash 5-7 part, methene succinic acid 10-15 part, micro-3-5 part, growth regulator 1-3 part;
(12) maturing stage: when spike of rice hang down and in golden yellow full time can gather in.
Preferably, the described agricultural chemicals in step (4) is the agricultural chemicals of prevention damping off effect.
Preferably, the described manual method in step (4), (5) and (6) comprises raw cigarette method for increasing temperature and gas tank in canopy and to heat up water method for increasing temperature.
Preferably, the described fertilizer in step (9) and (10) comprises with the nitrogenous fertilizer of 3:1:1 ratio mixing, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer.
Preferably, the described spray in step (11) is the aqueous solution of 1000 times, copper sulphate, described chemical agent comprise cyanogen fluorine grass vinegar, benthiocarb and Stam F-34 in one or more.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of described one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of described explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the present invention.
In addition, be to be understood that, although this specification is described according to embodiment, but not each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only for clarity sake, those skilled in the art should by specification integrally, and the technical scheme in each embodiment also through appropriately combined, can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.

Claims (5)

1. the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of pure natural, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) choose seeds: choose full grains, rice paddy seed of the same size, and above-mentioned rice paddy seed is immersed in 36-60 hour in the solution that the salt solution of 0.9% concentration and the hydrochloric acid ammoniacal liquor of 1% concentration mixes with 2:1 ratio, keep changing water once in every 8 hours;
(2) sow: selects one piece on the sunny side, wind sheltering, water filling square soil as the rice seedling bed of nursery, the rice paddy seed of above-mentioned immersion is imbedded described rice seedling bed by south-north direction, 10-15cm is interposed between seed, the degree of depth at 1-3cm, and sprinkles quicklime or the rice hull ash of every square of 100g ratio at the surface uniform in described rice seedling bed;
(3) put up a shed: building in above-mentioned rice seedling bed surrounding is highly the mulch film canopy of 5-10cm, thus the temperature in guarantee canopy remains on 28-35 degree, described mulch film canopy is removed by day, from dusk 6 keeping the state of building up to morning 8 time, removes mulch film canopy when reaching more than 80% wait emerging;
(4) one leaf one heart stages: build roof insulating when the height of rice shoot reaches 4.5-6.5cm, and use manual method to control temperature of shed at 25-28 degree, fine day morning 8 time-11 time and at dusk 4 time-6 time remove roof insulating and keep ventilation state, all the other times build roof insulating and keep keeping warm mode, sprinkle water to spray the mode of watering when every morning 8 with during the dusk 6, per week with the pesticide spraying rice shoot of every square metre of l0ml ratio;
(5) two leaf one heart stages: when the height of rice shoot reaches 6.5-7.5cm, use manual method to control temperature of shed at 18-20 degree, and reduce irrigation times, water once every morning 8 time;
(6) three leaf one heart stages: when the height of rice shoot reaches 7.5-8.5cm, use manual method to control temperature of shed at 8-15 degree, and reduce irrigation times again, every two days morning 8 time water once;
(7) after tri-leaf period: remove roof insulating completely, rice shoot is in completely and ventilates and outdoor state, keep watering once during every two days morning 8, and using the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 1% concentration of every square metre of 200-300g ratio or sulfuric acid to spray by rice shoot, the di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate of every square metre of 150g ratio spreads fertilizer over the fields by rice seedling bed;
(8) rice transplanting: when the height of rice shoot reaches 8.5-9.0cm, above-mentioned seedling with adhering soil, band medicine, band fertilizer are dug out from rice seedling bed, be transplanted in rice field, south-north direction rice transplanting, interval between rice shoot keeps 15-20cm, the degree of depth of transplanting seedlings is less than 3cm, within three days afterwards, remains on the water depth of pouring water in canal and is less than 2cm, keep illumination during this period;
(9) panicle spike primordium differentiation stage: grow to respectively at three leaves of this stage rice shoot and extract young fringe out, self-sow is kept in this stage, keep irrigating once for every 3 days at the weather of the maximum air temperature lower than 25 degree, keep irrigating once for every two days at the weather of the maximum air temperature higher than 25 degree, irrigate once every day in the weather maintenance of the maximum air temperature higher than 35 degree, all irrigate every day early morning 6 time, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once, every square metre uses 150-250g;
(10) full heading time: bloom to heading in the young fringe continued growth of this stage rice shoot, self-sow is kept in this stage, keep irrigating once for every 2 days at the weather of the maximum air temperature lower than 25 degree, irrigate once every day in the weather maintenance of the maximum air temperature higher than 25 degree, the maximum air temperature higher than 35 degree weather keep every day irrigate twice, all every day early morning 6 time or at dusk 6 time irrigate, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once, and every square metre uses 150-250g;
(11) apply fertilizer: the fertilizer used that applies fertilizer comprises the composition of following weight portion: urea 1-5 part, boric acid 9-13 part, potash 5-7 part, methene succinic acid 10-15 part, micro-3-5 part, growth regulator 1-3 part;
(12) maturing stage: when spike of rice hang down and in golden yellow full time can gather in.
2. the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described agricultural chemicals in step (4) is the agricultural chemicals of prevention damping off effect.
3. the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the described manual method in step (4), (5) and (6) comprises raw cigarette method for increasing temperature and gas tank in canopy and to heat up water method for increasing temperature.
4. the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described fertilizer in step (9) and (10) comprises with the nitrogenous fertilizer of 3:1:1 ratio mixing, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer.
5. the pollution-free paddy rice planting method of a kind of pure natural according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described spray in step (11) is the aqueous solution of 1000 times, copper sulphate, described chemical agent comprise cyanogen fluorine grass vinegar, benthiocarb and Stam F-34 in one or more.
CN201510297795.1A 2015-06-03 2015-06-03 Pure natural pollution-free paddy rice planting method Pending CN104956972A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102754577A (en) * 2011-04-27 2012-10-31 蒋俊钦 Natural farming method for planting rice
CN103518575A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-22 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Planting method of pollution-free rice
CN103583291A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 固镇县淮鸿灰天鹅养殖专业合作社 Cultivation method of organic rice
CN103664379A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Foliar fertilizer
CN104025958A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 太仓市双健农机专业合作社 Planting method of organic rice
CN104186260A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 铜陵世林粮食种植专业合作社 Rice cultivation method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102754577A (en) * 2011-04-27 2012-10-31 蒋俊钦 Natural farming method for planting rice
CN103518575A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-22 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Planting method of pollution-free rice
CN103583291A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 固镇县淮鸿灰天鹅养殖专业合作社 Cultivation method of organic rice
CN103664379A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 济南凯因生物科技有限公司 Foliar fertilizer
CN104025958A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 太仓市双健农机专业合作社 Planting method of organic rice
CN104186260A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-12-10 铜陵世林粮食种植专业合作社 Rice cultivation method

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