CN103947520A - Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable - Google Patents

Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103947520A
CN103947520A CN201410159372.9A CN201410159372A CN103947520A CN 103947520 A CN103947520 A CN 103947520A CN 201410159372 A CN201410159372 A CN 201410159372A CN 103947520 A CN103947520 A CN 103947520A
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China
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mung bean
light
sprouting vegetable
lamp
culture technique
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CN201410159372.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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李慧敏
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201410159372.9A priority Critical patent/CN103947520A/en
Publication of CN103947520A publication Critical patent/CN103947520A/en
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses an indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable, and belongs to the biotechnology field. Full uniform-sized mung bean seeds are selected, and then are placed in nursery trays for sprouting acceleration; after cotyledons unbend, the nursery trays are placed under LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) emitting blue-red combined light till the sprouting vegetable grows; the blue-red combined light (B:R=2:1) is most suitable for the growth of the mung bean sprouting vegetable. The indoor culture technique has the advantages of simple operation, energy saving, environmental protection and the like, and can be applied to the fields of such as the indoor rapid growth and the industrialized sprout production of the mung bean sprouting vegetable.

Description

The technology of the indoor cultivation of a kind of mung bean sprouts seedling dish
One, technical field
The technology that the present invention relates to the indoor cultivation of a kind of mung bean sprouts seedling dish, belongs to biological technical field.
Two, background technology
The illumination of the bud seedling dish need of production of mung bean at present provides by sunshine or fluorescent lamp, there is no report but utilize LED artificial light source to cultivate mung bean sprouts seedling dish.
Only occurring in nature affects plant growth and grows one of most important envirment factor, the growing of plant, morphogenesis, photosynthesis, metabolism and gene expression are all had to regulating and controlling effect, but also as the whole life cycle of ambient signal regulating plant.21 century, optical application was one of main path realizing the ecological agriculture by the century that is the ecological agriculture.How in the not enough situation of solar irradiation, to increase specific artificial light sources, not only promote crop growth, can also reach volume increase, efficient, high-quality, disease-resistant, non-harmful object, this has very important realistic meaning for the development that promotes China's modern agriculture.Mainly contain fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp, sodium vapor lamp and dysprosium lamp etc. at the artificial light source of agricultural and biological field use for a long time, wherein high-pressure mercury lamp and dysprosium lamp are luminous efficiency and the higher light source of efficient light combined coefficient, but power consumption is large, emission spectrum can not match with the photosynthesis absorption spectrum of plant well, does light filling efficiency low; And produce a lot of thermal radiation, and can not plant be approached and be irradiated, not high to plant growth light stimulus efficiency, do artificial light source cost very high.Therefore, introduce that energy-conservation, good luminous performance, quantity of heat production are low, the new type light source of long service life, to improving utilization rate of electrical in plant factor and space availability ratio, reduction power consumption cost is significant.
LED lamp is a kind of device that can effectively electric energy be transformed into electromagnetic radiation, the feature such as have that volume is little, quality is light, cold light source, efficient energy-saving, light quality and light quantity have adjustability, the life-span is long.Utilize these special performances of LED light source, in conjunction with the accurate configuration that need to carry out spectrum of crops, can promote growing and photomorphogenesis of crops, for LED light source provides effective development space in agricultural and the application of biological field.Therefore, utilize the performance characteristics of LED to develop the required artificial light source of plant and will greatly improve its optical energy utilization efficiency.
The present invention cultivates the engineering test of mung bean sprouts seedling dish by LED artificial light source, set up complete feasible artificial light source and cultivated the technology of mung bean sprouts seedling dish, operating procedure is simple, and test effect is stable, clear, therefore no matter in production, scientific research, can well be applied.
Three, summary of the invention
Technical problem the object of the present invention is to provide the technology of the indoor cultivation of a kind of mung bean sprouts seedling dish.
Technical scheme
A technology for the indoor cultivation of mung bean sprouts seedling dish, comprises the following steps:
1) preparation of seedling: choose and select germination rate more than 95%, the new seed of full seed, first rinses with feelings water, then uses 25-27 DEG C of emerge in worm water 12-24 hour, and winter time is slightly long, and day-light saving time is slightly short.Seed soaking finishes, and pulls out and drains the unnecessary moisture of the surface of the seed, and seed is placed in Flat bottom container, and upper cover wet towel or blotting paper carry out vernalization at 25-28 DEG C.After vernalization finishes, first seed tray is rinsed well, try to get to the heart of a matter paving layer 2-3 blotting paper or old newspaper, suction moisture by paper, then, the seed having germinateed is sown on newspaper equably.After planting, hide with black plastic film, carry out vernalization.After 6-7 days, cotyledon flattens, and starts to see that photoproduction is long.
2) light source processing: the mung bean seedlings after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under the LED lamp of blue red combined light (B:R=2:1) cultivates.Light intensity is set to 35 μ molm -2s -1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 22-24 DEG C, and humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
3) light source: by LED fluorescent tube, control light intensity by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp to the distance of influences of plant crown, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
Beneficial effect
The invention provides the technology of the indoor cultivation of a kind of mung bean sprouts seedling dish.Light source control technology of the present invention has the following advantages: 1) simple to operate, effective; 2) energy-saving and environmental protecting.The inventive method and result for carrying out to mung bean sprouts seedling dish indoor production, grow seedlings Olericulture research and development relevant new approach and foundation be provided.
Four, brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1, the chlorophyll content under blue red combined light is higher than control treatment.
Five, embodiment
In following embodiment, method therefor is conventional method if no special instructions, and described percentage composition is volumn concentration if no special instructions.
First use method of the present invention to carry out LED irradiation to mung bean (producing with planting), comprise following three steps:
1) preparation of seedling: choose mung bean seed full, of the same size, first rinse in clear water, then soak 12h in clear water.Take out after seed, evenly program request is carried out vernalization, cotyledon flattening after 6-7 days in bottom is covered with the bubble chamber of long 50cm × wide 30cm × high 20cm of 2 layers of newspaper.
2) light source processing: the mung bean seedlings after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under blue red combined light (B:R=2:1) cultivates.Light intensity is set to 35 μ molm -2s -1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 22-24 DEG C, and humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
3) light source: by LED fluorescent tube, control light intensity by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp to the distance of influences of plant crown, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
4) treatment effect:
The impact of 4.1 different light medium on mung bean chlorophyll content
The affect significant difference of different light medium on mung bean chlorophyll content.The chlorophyll content of mung bean seedlings is maximum under the red combined light of indigo plant.Blue red combined light is conducive to the chlorophyllous synthetic of mung bean seedlings.

Claims (3)

1. a technology for the indoor cultivation of mung bean sprouts seedling dish, comprises the following steps:
1. presprouting of seeds: choose mung bean seed full, of the same size, first rinse in clear water, then soak 12h in clear water.Take out after seed, evenly program request is carried out vernalization, cotyledon flattening after 6-7 days in bottom is covered with the bubble chamber of long 50cm × wide 30cm × high 20cm of 2 layers of newspaper;
2. light treatment: the mung bean seedlings after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under blue red combined light (B:R=2:1) cultivates.Light intensity is set to 35 μ molm -2s -1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 22-24 DEG C, and humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
1. described light source is provided by one group of light-emitting diode lamp tube (LED);
2. described light intensity is controlled to the distance of influences of plant crown by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp;
2. the described photoperiod adopts a timer to control.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described mung bean variety is conventional variety.
CN201410159372.9A 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable Pending CN103947520A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410159372.9A CN103947520A (en) 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410159372.9A CN103947520A (en) 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103947520A true CN103947520A (en) 2014-07-30

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947530A (en) * 2014-05-10 2014-07-30 张艳丽 Method for culturing bean sprouts by casserole
CN105766587A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 安徽科技学院 Seedling breeding method of abelmoschus esculentus
CN106416979A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-02-22 汤文旋 Co-cultivation method for organic sprouts
CN106879442A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 明光现代农业科技合作推广服务中心 A kind of utilization LED light source promotes mung bean shoot vegetable quickly to turn green method
CN108605465A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-02 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A method of Bermuda grass is cultivated using artificial light source

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101147461A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-03-26 天津师范大学 Selenium enriched sprout vegetable cultivating method
CN102972275A (en) * 2012-12-15 2013-03-20 安徽科技学院 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101147461A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-03-26 天津师范大学 Selenium enriched sprout vegetable cultivating method
CN102972275A (en) * 2012-12-15 2013-03-20 安徽科技学院 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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徐伟忠: "《蔬菜工厂-芽苗菜智能化栽培技术》", 31 August 2006, 台海出版社 *
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947530A (en) * 2014-05-10 2014-07-30 张艳丽 Method for culturing bean sprouts by casserole
CN105766587A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 安徽科技学院 Seedling breeding method of abelmoschus esculentus
CN106416979A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-02-22 汤文旋 Co-cultivation method for organic sprouts
CN106879442A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 明光现代农业科技合作推广服务中心 A kind of utilization LED light source promotes mung bean shoot vegetable quickly to turn green method
CN108605465A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-02 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A method of Bermuda grass is cultivated using artificial light source

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Application publication date: 20140730