CN103947518B - The method of the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish - Google Patents

The method of the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103947518B
CN103947518B CN201410159360.6A CN201410159360A CN103947518B CN 103947518 B CN103947518 B CN 103947518B CN 201410159360 A CN201410159360 A CN 201410159360A CN 103947518 B CN103947518 B CN 103947518B
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cowpea
light
dish
seedling
bud seedling
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CN201410159360.6A
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CN103947518A (en
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李慧敏
陆晓民
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Fengyang County Economic Development Investment Co ltd
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The method that the invention discloses the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish, belongs to biological technical field. Choose cowpea seed full, of uniform size, be first placed in seedlings nursing plate and carry out vernalization. After cotyledon flattens, seedlings nursing plate is placed in and under the green combined light LED of Lan Hong, is cultured to bud dish and grows up to. The growth of the most applicable cowpea bud seedling of the green combined light of Lan Hong (B:R:G=5:3:2) dish. That the present invention has is simple to operate, save the advantages such as energy environment protection, can be applied to the field such as indoor quick production, industrial seedling rearing of cowpea bud seedling dish.

Description

The method of the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish
One, technical field
The method that the present invention relates to the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish, belongs to biological technical field.
Two, background technology
The illumination of the bud seedling dish need of production of cowpea at present provides by sunshine or fluorescent lamp, but utilizes LEDArtificial light source is cultivated cowpea bud seedling dish and be there is no report.
Only occurring in nature affects plant growth and grows one of most important envirment factor, and the growth of plant is sent outEducate, morphogenesis, photosynthesis, metabolism and gene expression all has regulating and controlling effect, but also as ringThe whole life cycle of border Signal Regulation plant. 21 century, optical application was real by the century that is the ecological agricultureOne of main path of the existing ecological agriculture. How in the not enough situation of solar irradiation, to increase specific artificial light sources, noOnly promote crop growth, can also reach volume increase, efficient, high-quality, disease-resistant, non-harmful object, thisThere is very important realistic meaning for the development that promotes China's modern agriculture. For a long time in agricultural and biologicalThe artificial light source that field is used mainly contains fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp, sodium vapor lamp and dysprosium lamp etc., wherein high-pressure mercury lamp and dysprosiumLamp is luminous efficiency and the higher light source of efficient light combined coefficient, but power consumption is large, and emission spectrum can not be fineGround matches with the photosynthesis absorption spectrum of plant, does light filling efficiency low; And produce a lot of heat radiations,Can not plant be approached and be irradiated, not high to plant growth light stimulus efficiency, do artificial light source cost very high. Therefore,Introduce that energy-conservation, good luminous performance, quantity of heat production are low, the new type light source of long service life, to improving in plant factorUtilization rate of electrical and space availability ratio, reduction power consumption cost significant.
LED lamp is a kind of device that can effectively electric energy be transformed into electromagnetic radiation, has that volume is little, matterThe features such as amount is light, cold light source, efficient energy-saving, light quality and light quantity have adjustability, the life-span is long. Utilize LEDThese special performances of light source, in conjunction with the accurate configuration that need to carry out spectrum of crops, can promote cropsGrow and photomorphogenesis, for LED light source provides effective development in agricultural and the application of biological fieldSpace. Therefore, utilize the performance characteristics of LED to develop the required artificial light source of plant and will greatly improve itOptical energy utilization efficiency.
The present invention cultivates the engineering test of cowpea bud seedling dish by LED artificial light source, set up complete feasibleArtificial light source is cultivated the technology of cowpea bud seedling dish, and operating procedure is simple, and test effect is stable, clear, therefore withoutOpinion can well be applied in production, scientific research.
Three, summary of the invention
Technical problem the object of the present invention is to provide the method for the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish.
Technical scheme
A method for the indoor cultivation of cowpea bud seedling dish, comprises the following steps:
1) preparation of seedling: choose and select germination percentage more than 95%, the new seed of full seed, first with streamWater rinses 1-2h, then uses 25-27 DEG C of emerge in worm water 12-24 hour, and winter time is slightly long, and day-light saving time slightlyShort. Seed soaking finishes, and pulls out and drains the unnecessary moisture of the surface of the seed, and seed is placed in Flat bottom container, and upper cover is wetTowel or blotting paper carry out vernalization at 25-28 DEG C. After vernalization finishes, first seed tray is rinsed well to dishEnd paving layer 2-3 blotting paper or old newspaper, suction moisture by paper, then, the seed having germinateed spread equablyBroadcast on newspaper. After planting, hide with black plastic film, carry out vernalization. After 6-7 days, cotyledon flattens, and opensBegin to see that photoproduction is long.
2) light source processing: the cowpea seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned over the green combined light of Lan Hong (B:R:G=5:3:2)LED lamp under cultivate. Light intensity is set to 30 μ molm-2·s-1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature24-26 DEG C, humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
3) light source: by LED fluorescent tube, control light by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp to the distance of influences of plant crownBy force, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
Beneficial effect
The invention provides the method for the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish. Light source control technology of the present invention hasFollowing advantage: 1) simple to operate, effective; 2) energy-conserving and environment-protective. The inventive method and result are for carrying out and cowpeaBean sprouts seedling dish indoor production, the Olericulture research and development of growing seedlings relevant provide new approach and foundation.
Four, brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1, under the green combined light of Lan Hong, the soluble sugar content of cowpea is higher than control treatment.
Five, detailed description of the invention
In following embodiment, method therefor is conventional method if no special instructions, and described percentage composition is as special in nothingIllustrate and be volumn concentration.
First use method of the present invention to carry out LED irradiation to cowpea (producing with planting), comprise following three steps:
1) preparation of seedling: choose cowpea seed full, of the same size, first in flowing water, rinse 1-2h,Then in clear water, soak 12h. Take out after seed, evenly program request be covered with in bottom the long 60cm of 2 layers of newspaper ×In the bubble chamber of wide 30cm × high 15cm, carry out vernalization, after 6-7 days, cotyledon flattens.
2) light source processing: the cowpea seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned over the green combined light of Lan Hong (B:R:G=5:3:2)Under cultivate. Light intensity is set to 30 μ molm-2·s-1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 24-26 DEG C,Humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
3) light source: by LED fluorescent tube, control light by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp to the distance of influences of plant crownBy force, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
4) treatment effect:
The impact of 4.1 different light medium on cowpea leaf soluble
The affect significant difference of different light medium on cowpea soluble sugar content. The soluble sugar content of cowpea seedling existsMaximum under the green combined light of Lan Hong. The green combined light of Lan Hong is conducive to soluble sugar synthetic of cowpea seedling.

Claims (3)

1. a method for the indoor cultivation of cowpea bud seedling dish, comprises the following steps:
1. seedling preparation: choose cowpea seed full, of the same size, first rinse 1-2h in flowing water, soAfter in clear water, soak 12h, take out after seed, evenly program request be covered with in bottom the long 60cm of 2 layers of newspaper ×In the bubble chamber of wide 30cm × high 15cm, carry out vernalization, after 6-7 days, cotyledon flattens;
2. photo-irradiation treatment: it is B:R:G=5:3:2 that the cowpea seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned over the green combined light of Lan HongUnder cultivate, light intensity is set to 30 μ molm-2·s-1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 24-26 DEG C,Humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
1. the red green combined light of described indigo plant refers to be provided by light-emitting diode lamp tube;
2. described light intensity is controlled to the distance of influences of plant crown by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp;
2. the described photoperiod adopts a timer to control.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cowpea variety is for producing with planting.
CN201410159360.6A 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 The method of the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish Active CN103947518B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105766587A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 安徽科技学院 Seedling breeding method of abelmoschus esculentus
CN105918083A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-09-07 张福义 Application for vegetable growing on paper and method for vegetable growing on paper
CN106106097A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-16 陈国武 A kind of selenium-rich mung beans bud processing method of environmental protection
CN112840987A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 江汉大学 Regulation and control method for meeting light requirements of cowpea industrial production

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1260949A (en) * 1999-01-20 2000-07-26 王成增 Soilless stereo cultivation method of non-root green bean-sprout
CN101147461A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-03-26 天津师范大学 Selenium enriched sprout vegetable cultivating method
CN101283667A (en) * 2008-06-03 2008-10-15 天津师范大学 Method for cultivating iron-rich bud seeding vegetable
CN102422765A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-04-25 上海博琛生物科技有限公司 Root-amputating cultivation method for dwarf cowpea
CN102511370A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 徐浩钟 Vegetable sprout cultivation chamber
CN102972275A (en) * 2012-12-15 2013-03-20 安徽科技学院 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source
CN103109726A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-05-22 四川农业大学 High-yield high-quality safe production method for black bean sprouts
CN103340143A (en) * 2013-07-27 2013-10-09 黄秀英 Green and natural bean sprouts and simple production method thereof

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1260949A (en) * 1999-01-20 2000-07-26 王成增 Soilless stereo cultivation method of non-root green bean-sprout
CN101147461A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-03-26 天津师范大学 Selenium enriched sprout vegetable cultivating method
CN101283667A (en) * 2008-06-03 2008-10-15 天津师范大学 Method for cultivating iron-rich bud seeding vegetable
CN102422765A (en) * 2011-09-14 2012-04-25 上海博琛生物科技有限公司 Root-amputating cultivation method for dwarf cowpea
CN102511370A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 徐浩钟 Vegetable sprout cultivation chamber
CN102972275A (en) * 2012-12-15 2013-03-20 安徽科技学院 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source
CN103109726A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-05-22 四川农业大学 High-yield high-quality safe production method for black bean sprouts
CN103340143A (en) * 2013-07-27 2013-10-09 黄秀英 Green and natural bean sprouts and simple production method thereof

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Patentee before: ANHUI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY University