CN103947470A - Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables - Google Patents

Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103947470A
CN103947470A CN201410159401.1A CN201410159401A CN103947470A CN 103947470 A CN103947470 A CN 103947470A CN 201410159401 A CN201410159401 A CN 201410159401A CN 103947470 A CN103947470 A CN 103947470A
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light source
control technology
light
source control
black soybean
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CN201410159401.1A
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李慧敏
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables, and belongs to the technical field of biology. The light source control technology comprises the following steps that full black soybean seeds in uniform size are selected and are firstly placed into a seedling culture disc for germination acceleration; after the cotyledon grows flatly, the seedling culture disc is placed under a blue, red and yellow combined light LED (light emitting diode) to be cultured until the sprouting vegetables grow up. The blue, red and yellow combined light (B:R:Y=5:3:1) is most suitable for the growth of the black soybean sprouting vegetables. The light source control technology has the advantages that the operation is simple, the energy sources are saved, the environment is protected, and the like. The light source control technology can be applied to the fields of indoor fast production, factory seedling culture and the like of the black soybean sprouting vegetables.

Description

The light source control technology of the indoor cultivation of a kind of Black bean sprout seedling
One, technical field
The light source control technology that the present invention relates to the indoor cultivation of a kind of Black bean sprout seedling, belongs to biological technical field.
Two, background technology
The illumination of the bud seedling dish need of production of black soya bean at present provides by sunshine or fluorescent lamp, but utilize LED artificial light source to cultivate Black bean sprout seedling, there is no report.
Only occurring in nature affects plant growth and grows one of most important envirment factor, the growing of plant, morphogenesis, photosynthesis, metabolism and gene expression are all had to regulating and controlling effect, but also as the whole life cycle of ambient signal regulating plant.21 century, optical application was one of main path realizing the ecological agriculture by the century that is the ecological agriculture.How in the not enough situation of solar irradiation, to increase specific artificial light sources, not only promote crop growth, can also reach volume increase, efficient, high-quality, disease-resistant, non-harmful object, this is for promoting development of China's modern agriculture to have very important realistic meaning.Artificial light source in agricultural and biological field use mainly contains fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp, sodium vapor lamp and dysprosium lamp etc. for a long time, wherein high-pressure mercury lamp and dysprosium lamp are luminous efficiency and the higher light source of efficient light combined coefficient, but power consumption is large, emission spectrum can not match with the photosynthesis absorption spectrum of plant well, does light filling efficiency low; And produce a lot of thermal radiation, and can not plant be approached and be irradiated, not high to plant growth light stimulus efficiency, do artificial light source cost very high.Therefore, introduce that energy-conservation, good luminous performance, quantity of heat production are low, the new type light source of long service life, to improving utilization rate of electrical in plant factor and space availability ratio, reduction power consumption cost is significant.
LED lamp is a kind ofly can effectively electric energy be transformed into the device of electromagnetic radiation, the feature such as have that volume is little, quality light, cold light source, efficient energy-saving, light quality and light quantity have adjustability, the life-span is long.Utilize these special performances of LED light source, the accurate configuration that need to carry out spectrum in conjunction with crops, can promote growing and photomorphogenesis of crops, for LED light source provides effective development space in agricultural and the application of biological field.Therefore, utilize the performance characteristics of LED to develop the required artificial light source of plant and will greatly improve its optical energy utilization efficiency.
The present invention cultivates the engineering test of Black bean sprout seedling by LED artificial light source, set up complete feasible artificial light source and cultivated the technology of Black bean sprout seedling, operating procedure is simple, and test effect is stable, clear, therefore no matter in production, scientific research, can well be applied.
Three, summary of the invention
Technical problem the object of the present invention is to provide the light source control technology of the indoor cultivation of a kind of Black bean sprout seedling.
Technical scheme
A light source control technology for the indoor cultivation of Black bean sprout seedling, comprises the following steps:
1) preparation of seedling: choose and select germination rate more than 95%, the new seed of full seed, first rinses 1-2h with flowing water, then uses 25-27 ℃ of emerge in worm water 12-24 hour, and winter time is slightly long, and day-light saving time is slightly short.Seed soaking finishes, and pulls out and drains the unnecessary moisture of the surface of the seed, and seed is placed in Flat bottom container, and upper cover wet towel or blotting paper carry out vernalization at 25-28 ℃.After vernalization finishes, first seed tray is rinsed well, try to get to the heart of a matter paving layer 2-3 blotting paper or old newspaper, suction moisture by paper, then, the seed having germinateed is sown on blotting paper equably.After planting, with black plastic film, hide, carry out vernalization.After 6-7 days, cotyledon flattens, and starts to see that photoproduction is long.
2) light source is processed: the black soya bean seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under the LED lamp of blue reddish yellow combined light (B:R:Y=5:3:1) and cultivates.Light intensity is set to 35 μ molm -2s -1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 22-24 ℃, and humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
3) light source: by LED fluorescent tube, control light intensity by adjusting quantity and the lamp of lamp to the distance of influences of plant crown, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
Beneficial effect
The invention provides the light source control technology of the indoor cultivation of a kind of Black bean sprout seedling.Light source control technology of the present invention has the following advantages: 1) simple to operate, effective; 2) energy-saving and environmental protecting.The inventive method and result for carrying out to Black bean sprout seedling indoor production, grow seedlings Olericulture research and development relevant new approach and foundation be provided.
Four, accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1, when cultivating 15 days, under blue reddish yellow combined light, the Vc content of Black bean sprout seedling blade is higher than control treatment.
Five, embodiment
In following embodiment, method therefor is conventional method if no special instructions, and described percentage composition is volumn concentration if no special instructions.
First use method of the present invention to carry out LED irradiation to black soya bean (producing with planting), comprise following three steps:
1) preparation of seedling: choose black soya bean seed full, of the same size, first rinse 1-2h in flowing water, then soak 16h in clear water.Take out after seed, evenly program request is carried out vernalization, cotyledon flattening after 6-7 days in bottom is covered with the seedling-cultivating tray of long 50cm * wide 40cm * high 8cm of 2 layers of newspaper.
2) light source is processed: the black soya bean seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under blue reddish yellow combined light (B:R:Y=5:3:1) to be cultivated.Light intensity is set to 35 μ molm -2s -1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 22-24 ℃, and humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
3) light source: by LED fluorescent tube, control light intensity by adjusting quantity and the lamp of lamp to the distance of influences of plant crown, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
4) treatment effect:
4.1 different light medium on the impact of black soya bean blade Vc
Different light medium affects the content of black soya bean Vc.Black soya bean Vc content is maximum under blue reddish yellow combined light, and fluorescent lamp contrast is lower minimum.Blue reddish yellow combined light is conducive to Vc synthetic of black soya bean seedling.

Claims (3)

1. a light source control technology for the indoor cultivation of Black bean sprout seedling, comprises the following steps:
1. presprouting of seeds: choose black soya bean seed full, of the same size, first rinse 1-2h in flowing water, then soak 16h in clear water.Take out after seed, evenly program request is carried out vernalization, cotyledon flattening after 6-7 days in bottom is covered with the bubble chamber of long 50cm * wide 40cm * high 8cm of 2 layers of newspaper;
2. light treatment: the black soya bean seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under blue reddish yellow combined light (B:R:Y=5:3:1) to be cultivated.Light intensity is set to 35 μ molm -2s -1, the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 22-24 ℃, and humidity remains on 60-65%, cultivates 15 days.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
1. described light source is provided by one group of light-emitting diode lamp tube (LED);
2. described light intensity is controlled to the distance of influences of plant crown by adjusting quantity and the lamp of lamp;
2. the described photoperiod adopts a timer to control.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described black soya bean kind is conventional variety.
CN201410159401.1A 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables Pending CN103947470A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201410159401.1A CN103947470A (en) 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410159401.1A CN103947470A (en) 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables

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CN106416979A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-02-22 汤文旋 Co-cultivation method for organic sprouts
CN106665151A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-05-17 福建农林大学 Adaptive plant factory light culture system with high light energy utilization rate
US9681515B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2017-06-13 Juha Rantala LED structure with a dynamic spectrum and a method
CN106879442A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 明光现代农业科技合作推广服务中心 A kind of utilization LED light source promotes mung bean shoot vegetable quickly to turn green method
US9750105B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2017-08-29 Juha Rantala LED structure with quasi-continuous spectrum and method of illumination
CN107912287A (en) * 2016-10-08 2018-04-17 张春兰 One kind has health-care effect moyashi processing method
US10440900B1 (en) 2019-01-22 2019-10-15 Calyx Cultivation Tech. Corp. Grow light with adjustable height and emission spectrum
US11499707B2 (en) 2020-04-13 2022-11-15 Calyxpure, Inc. Light fixture having a fan and ultraviolet sterilization functionality
US11759540B2 (en) 2021-05-11 2023-09-19 Calyxpure, Inc. Portable disinfection unit

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9681515B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2017-06-13 Juha Rantala LED structure with a dynamic spectrum and a method
US9750105B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2017-08-29 Juha Rantala LED structure with quasi-continuous spectrum and method of illumination
US10104740B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2018-10-16 Juha Rantala LED structure with a dynamic spectrum and a method
US10398000B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2019-08-27 Illumipure Corp LED structure with a dynamic spectrum and a method
CN106416979A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-02-22 汤文旋 Co-cultivation method for organic sprouts
CN107912287A (en) * 2016-10-08 2018-04-17 张春兰 One kind has health-care effect moyashi processing method
CN106879442A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 明光现代农业科技合作推广服务中心 A kind of utilization LED light source promotes mung bean shoot vegetable quickly to turn green method
CN106665151A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-05-17 福建农林大学 Adaptive plant factory light culture system with high light energy utilization rate
US10440900B1 (en) 2019-01-22 2019-10-15 Calyx Cultivation Tech. Corp. Grow light with adjustable height and emission spectrum
US11499707B2 (en) 2020-04-13 2022-11-15 Calyxpure, Inc. Light fixture having a fan and ultraviolet sterilization functionality
US11759540B2 (en) 2021-05-11 2023-09-19 Calyxpure, Inc. Portable disinfection unit

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Application publication date: 20140730