CN102972124B - Indoor production method of radish sprouting vegetables by adopting rare-earth plant growth lamp - Google Patents

Indoor production method of radish sprouting vegetables by adopting rare-earth plant growth lamp Download PDF

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CN102972124B
CN102972124B CN2012105428187A CN201210542818A CN102972124B CN 102972124 B CN102972124 B CN 102972124B CN 2012105428187 A CN2012105428187 A CN 2012105428187A CN 201210542818 A CN201210542818 A CN 201210542818A CN 102972124 B CN102972124 B CN 102972124B
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radish
lamp
rare
light
plant growth
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CN102972124A (en
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李慧敏
陆晓民
高青海
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
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    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses an indoor production method of radish sprouting vegetables by adopting a rare-earth plant growth lamp, belonging to the technical field of biology. The method comprises the following steps of: selecting radish seeds which are uniform in size; firstly washing for 12 hours by using running water, uniformly dibbling the washed radish seeds onto a seedling culture tray with two absorbent paper layers and two old newspaper layers laid at the bottom for pregermination, wherein the seedling culture tray is of a specification of length*width*height being 45cm*25cm*15cm; and after 5-6 days and cotyledons stretch out, placing radish seedlings under a novel rare-earth plant light source, namely blue-red combined light (B:R=15:85), to culture for 15 days, wherein the blue-red combined light (B:R=15:85) is quite suitable for the growth of radish sprouting vegetables. The method disclosed by the invention has the advantages of easiness in operation, fast and robust plant growth, energy source conservation, environment protection, and the like and can be applied to the field of fast indoor production of the radish sprouting vegetables, industrialized seedling culture, and the like.

Description

A kind of method that adopts the rare-earth plant growth lamp to carry out the Radish Sprouts indoor production
Technical field
A kind of method that adopts the rare-earth plant growth lamp to carry out the Radish Sprouts indoor production, belong to biological technical field.
Background technology
The light source of Radish Sprouts production and application mainly relies on sunshine at present, utilizes the rare earth artificial light source to there is not yet report at the indoor culture Radish Sprouts.
Only affect the most important envirment factor of plant growth, plant is accepted the variation of light quality, light intensity and light application time by light receptor, the aspects such as regulation and control are grown, morphogenesis, photosynthesis and metabolism.Along with the progress of science and technology and the fast development of agricultural and biological industry, plant has broken through the restriction of simple dependence sunshine to the utilization of efficient light, artificial light source replaces or the deficiency of supplementing lamp has become environment and controls the important means of growth and development of plants.Artificial light source in agricultural and biological field use mainly contains fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp, sodium vapor lamp and dysprosium lamp etc. for a long time, wherein high-pressure mercury lamp and dysprosium lamp are luminous efficiency and the higher light source of efficient light combined coefficient, but power consumption is large, emission spectrum can not match with the photosynthesis absorption spectrum of plant well, does light filling efficiency low; And produce a lot of thermal radiation, and can not approach irradiation to plant, not high to plant growth light stimulus efficiency, do artificial light source cost very high.Therefore, introduce that energy-conservation, good luminous performance, quantity of heat production are low, the new type light source of long service life, to improving utilization rate of electrical in plant factor and space availability ratio, reduction power consumption cost is significant.
The rare-earth plant growth lamp is selection proportioning and the utilization that utilizes rare-earth trichromatic fluorescent powder, mediates and is fit to the required spectrum of plant growth.The light efficiency of this light irradiation is uniformly distributed, and light efficiency is other twice with the wattage electricity-saving lamp, is three times of general fluorescent lamp, and long service life.Therefore, the artificial light source that utilizes the characteristic of property of rare-earth plant growth lamp to develop plants to need will improve its optical energy utilization efficiency greatly.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method that adopts the rare-earth plant growth lamp to carry out the Radish Sprouts indoor production, the present invention both can be used for the production of Radish Sprouts, also can be used for the scientific research of Radish Sprouts.
Technical scheme
A kind of method that adopts the rare-earth plant growth lamp to carry out the Radish Sprouts indoor production comprises following content:
1. presoaking and germinating: seed will select purity, cleanliness good, and germination rate is high, full seed.First carry out prior to seeding seed and clean, reject the seed of damaging by worms, breaking residual, lopsided, rotten, flat grain, special granule and germinateed., for promoting seed sprouting, also need to soak seed.First with the clean clear water of 28-30 ℃, seed is eluriated 2-3 time, radish is soaked 6-8 hour.Seed soaking is eluriated 2-3 time again with seed after finishing, and drains excessive moisture.First plastics seedling dish is sterilized with limewash or bleaching powder before sowing, then with clear water, wash down, then at paving layer 2-3 old newspaper or the blotting paper of trying to get to the heart of a matter, radish seed can be sowed.Require during planting seed to sow seeds evenly,, so that the growth of bud seedling is neat, sows above complete rear seedling-cultivating tray and cover again wet gunny sheet or old newspaper.Seeding quantity is determined according to kind.After the vernalization sowing is complete, the seedling dish is stacked together, fold dish vernalization.Germination temperature keeps 24-26 ℃, and humidity is 65-75%, and during the vernalization of folded dish, spray water 2-3 every day, and the water yield is not excessive, in order to avoid rotten bud.Water the water yield matrix be moistening to spray in rear seedling dish, a little minim water of paper is advisable in the seedling dish.Should carry out once the transposing of seedling dish position up and down in water spray, make seedling dish planting environment of living in as far as possible evenly, promote the bud seedling neatly to grow.Under normal operation, can finish vernalization about 4 days.After 5-6 days, cotyledon flattens.
2. light treatment: the radish seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under the rare-earth plant growth lamp of blue red combined light B:R=15:85 and cultivated 15 days.
3. the condition of light treatment: light intensity is set to 2800 lux, and the photoperiod is 12 hours, 25 ± 1 ℃ of cultivation temperature, and humidity remains on 70 ± 5%.
4. control method:
1. the light source of described light treatment is a group rare-earth plant lamp;
2. described light intensity is to control to the distance of influences of plant crown by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp;
3. the described photoperiod adopts a timing means to control.
5. radish seed is the tank radish.
Beneficial effect
A kind of method that adopts the rare-earth plant growth lamp to carry out the Radish Sprouts indoor production has the following advantages: 1) simple to operate, effective; 2) save energy environment protection; 3) plant strain growth is healthy and strong fast.The inventive method and result provide reliable technical scheme for the Radish Sprouts indoor production, and also the Olericulture research for bud seedling dish provides new research platform.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1, the chlorophyll content of low blue red combined light B:R=15:85 is significantly higher than the fluorescent lamp control treatment.
Fig. 2, the soluble protein of low blue red combined light B:R=15:85 is significantly higher than the fluorescent lamp control treatment.
Fig. 3, the ascorbic acid content of low blue red combined light B:R=15:85 is significantly higher than the fluorescent lamp control treatment.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
In following embodiment, method therefor is conventional method if no special instructions, and described percentage composition is volumn concentration if no special instructions.
1. enforcement material:
1. radish seed: tank radish (produce with kind).
2. light source: novel rare-earth plant lamp.
2. implementation method:
1. the preparation of seedling: choose radish seed of the same size, first rinsed 12 hours in clear water.The even program request of seed after rinsing is carried out vernalization in bottom is covered with the seedling-cultivating tray of length 45 cm of 2 layers of blotting paper and 2 layers of old newspaper * wide 25 cm * high 15 cm, reached cotyledon and flatten in 6 days.
2. light treatment: the radish seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under blue red combined light B:R=15:85 and is cultured to 2-3 sheet true leaf.
3. condition is controlled: light treatment stage light intensity is set to 2800 lux, and the photoperiod is 12 hours, cultivation temperature 25 ± ℃, humidity remains on 70 ± 5%, cultivates 15 days.
4. control method: provide light source by the novel rare-earth plant lamp, by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp, to the distance of influences of plant crown, control light intensity, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
3. treatment effect:
1. the impact of Different Light on the Radish Sprouts growth
Thick and the cotyledon area of the fresh weight of Radish Sprouts, fresh weight, root length, hypocotyl, stem is issued to maximum at the red combined light B:R=15:85 of indigo plant.Blue red combined light is fit to the growth (table 1) of Radish Sprouts.
2. the impact of Different Light on the Radish Sprouts Photosynthetic Pigment
The chlorophyll a of Radish Sprouts, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll total amount and carotenoid content are maximum under the red combined light B:R=15:85 of indigo plant, apparently higher than fluorescent lamp, contrast.Blue red combined light is conducive to the accumulation (Fig. 1) of Radish Sprouts photosynthetic pigment.
3. the impact of Different Light on the Radish Sprouts soluble protein
The soluble protein content of Radish Sprouts is maximum under the red combined light B:R=15:85 of indigo plant, apparently higher than fluorescent lamp, contrasts.The accumulation (Fig. 2) of the suitable Radish Sprouts soluble protein of blue red combined light.
4. the impact of Different Light on Radish Sprouts ascorbic acid (Vc)
The ascorbic acid content of Radish Sprouts is issued to maximum at the red combined light B:R=15:85 of indigo plant, is significantly higher than the fluorescent lamp contrast.Blue red combined light is conducive to the accumulation (Fig. 3) of Radish Sprouts ascorbic acid.
Table 1
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE001

Claims (3)

1. method that adopts the rare-earth plant growth lamp to carry out the Radish Sprouts indoor production comprises the following steps:
(1) preparation of seedling:
1. the preparation of seedling: choose radish seed of the same size, first rinsed 12 hours in flowing water, the even program request of seed after rinsing is carried out vernalization in bottom is covered with the seedling-cultivating tray of length 45 cm of 2 layers of blotting paper and 2 layers of old newspaper * wide 25 cm * high 15 cm, after 5-6 days, cotyledon flattens;
2. light treatment: the radish seedling after cotyledon is flattened is positioned under the rare-earth plant growth lamp of blue red combined light B:R=15:85 and cultivated 15 days;
(2) condition of light treatment:
1. light intensity is set to 2800 lux;
2. the photoperiod is 12 hours;
3. cultivation temperature is 25 ± 1 ℃;
4. humidity remains on 70 ± 5%.
2. method according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
1. the light source of described light treatment is a group rare-earth plant lamp;
2. described light intensity is to control to the distance of influences of plant crown by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp;
3. the described photoperiod adopts a timing means to control.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described radish is the tank radish.
CN2012105428187A 2012-12-15 2012-12-15 Indoor production method of radish sprouting vegetables by adopting rare-earth plant growth lamp Expired - Fee Related CN102972124B (en)

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CN103947470A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables
CN103975834A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-13 安徽科技学院 In-house production technology for hydroponic swamp cabbages
CN103960112A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-06 安徽科技学院 Method for cultivating Malabar spinach indoors
CN103947528A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-07-30 安徽科技学院 Hydroponic gynura bicolor indoor preparation method
CN105766338A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 安徽科技学院 Seedling culture method of Abelmoschus esculentus
CN106922806A (en) * 2016-04-09 2017-07-07 安徽科技学院 A kind of technology of tomato postharvest handling
CN108496776A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-09-07 杭州天月科技有限公司 Implantation methods of the ice dish in plant factor
CN108401867A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-17 杭州天月科技有限公司 Implantation methods of the shepherd's purse in plant factor

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WO1996039799A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 1996-12-19 E.K.M.A., Inc. A method of preparing a culture using a magnetic field and a compositon containing the same
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