CN102972275A - Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source - Google Patents

Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102972275A
CN102972275A CN2012105428219A CN201210542821A CN102972275A CN 102972275 A CN102972275 A CN 102972275A CN 2012105428219 A CN2012105428219 A CN 2012105428219A CN 201210542821 A CN201210542821 A CN 201210542821A CN 102972275 A CN102972275 A CN 102972275A
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broad bean
light source
technology
sprout
seeds
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CN102972275B (en
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陆晓明
李慧敏
高青海
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a technology for culturing a fava bean sprout by the adoption of artificial light source, belonging to the technical field of biology. Fava bean seeds with a same size are selected, the seeds are soaked firstly and then taken out for drying, and the seeds are placed in a sprout culture disc for germination. After cotyledons are unfolded, the sprout culture disc is placed in monochrome red light and blue-red combined light until the sprout grows. The monochrome red light and blue-red combined light (B:R=6:4) is most suitable for the growth of cabbage type rape sprout. The technology has the advantages of simpleness in operation, energy saving, environment friendliness and the like, and can be applied in fields of indoor rapid growth, industrial sprout culture and the like for the fava bean sprout.

Description

A kind of technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish, belong to biological technical field.
Background technology
The at present illumination of the bud seedling dish need of production of broad bean provides by sunshine, but there is no report with artificial light source cultivation bud seedling dish under without the closed state of sunlight.The at present aircraft carrier of China and Manned Vehicle flight all will be considered the problem of personnel's vegetables subsidiary food supply.Adopting artificial light source to cultivate bud seedling dish is one of effective way that addresses the above problem.
Only occurring in nature affects plant growth and grows one of most important envirment factor, the growing of plant, morphogenesis, photosynthesis, metabolism and gene expression all there are regulating and controlling effect, but also as the whole life cycle of ambient signal regulating plant.21 century will be the century of the ecological agriculture, and optical application is one of main path that realizes the ecological agriculture.How in the not enough situation of solar irradiation, to increase specific artificial light sources, not only promote crop growth, can also reach volume increase, efficient, high-quality, disease-resistant, non-harmful purpose, this has very important realistic meaning for the development that promotes China's modern agriculture.Artificial light source in agricultural and biological field use mainly contains fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp, sodium vapor lamp and dysprosium lamp etc. for a long time, wherein high-pressure mercury lamp and dysprosium lamp are luminous efficiency and the higher light source of efficient light combined coefficient, but power consumption is large, emission spectrum can not be well matches with the photosynthesis absorption spectrum of plant, and it is low to do light filling efficient; And produce a lot of thermal radiation, and can not approach irradiation to plant, not high to plant growth light stimulus efficient, it is very high to do artificial light source cost.Therefore, introduce that energy-conservation, good luminous performance, quantity of heat production are low, the new type light source of long service life, to improve utilization rate of electrical in the plant factor and space availability ratio, reduction power consumption cost is significant.
The rare-earth plant growth lamp is selection proportioning and the utilization that utilizes rare-earth trichromatic fluorescent powder, mediates the light of the required spectral power distribution of suitable plant growth (chlorophyll, anthocyan, carotin).The floodlight effect of this lamp evenly distributes the light efficiency of irradiation, and light efficiency be other with the twice of wattage electricity-saving lamp, be three times of general fluorescent lamp, and long service life.Therefore, the artificial light source that utilizes the performance characteristics of rare-earth plant growth lamp to develop plants to need will improve its optical energy utilization efficiency greatly.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of artificial light source and cultivate the technical scheme of broad bean sprout seedling dish, and operating procedure is simple, effect stability can both well be used in production, scientific research.
Technical scheme
1.A kind of technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish may further comprise the steps:
1. presprouting of seeds: choose Broad Bean Seeds of the same size, in clear water, soak first 24 h, take out seed after, evenly program request is carried out vernalization in the bottom is covered with the seedling-cultivating tray of 4 layers of blotting paper, flattens to cotyledon;
2. light treatment: the broad bean seedling after cotyledon flattened is positioned under monochromatic ruddiness and the Lan Hong combined light (B:R=6:4) to be cultivated 10 days.
2.The condition of above-mentioned light treatment is:
1. light intensity is 3000 lux;
2. the photoperiod is 12 hours;
3. cultivation temperature 24-26 ℃;
4. humidity remains on 65-70%.
3.The method of above-mentioned light treatment is:
1. described light source is provided by a group rare-earth plant growth lamp;
2. described light intensity is controlled to the distance of influences of plant crown by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp;
3. the described photoperiod adopts a timer to control.
4.The Vicia Faba that the present invention adopts is the Da Ye broad bean.
Beneficial effect
A kind of technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish can be produced the broad bean sprout seedling dish of high-quality under total man worker's condition, for the production of broad bean sprout seedling dish provides a kind of new mode of production, can be used for solving the vegetable supply under the environment such as manned space flight, aircraft carrier.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1, when cultivating 6 days, the Contents of Photosynthetic Pigments under the monochromatic ruddiness is higher than control treatment.
Fig. 2, when cultivating 8 days, the Contents of Photosynthetic Pigments under the blue red combined light is greater than control treatment
Fig. 3, when cultivating 10 days, the Contents of Photosynthetic Pigments under the monochromatic ruddiness is higher than control treatment.
Fig. 4, when cultivating 6,8,10 days, the soluble protein content under the blue red combined light is higher than control treatment.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment the present invention is further described in detail.
Method therefor is conventional method if no special instructions among the following embodiment, and described percentage composition is volumn concentration if no special instructions.
1. enforcement material:
1. Broad Bean Seeds: Da Ye broad bean.
2. light source: rare-earth plant growth lamp.
2. implementation method:
1. presprouting of seeds: choose Broad Bean Seeds of the same size, in clear water, soak first 24 h.After taking out seed, evenly program request the bottom be covered with 4 layers of blotting paper seedling-cultivating tray in carry out vernalization, cotyledon flattens after 8 days.
2. light treatment: the broad bean seedling after cotyledon flattened is positioned over the monochromatic ruddiness of rare-earth plant growth lamp and the lower cultivation of Lan Hong combined light (B:R=6:4).
3. condition control: light intensity is set to 3000 lux, and the photoperiod is 12 hours, 25 ± 1 ℃ of cultivation temperature, and humidity remains on 70 ± 10%, cultivates 10 days.
4. control method: control light intensity by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp to the distance of influences of plant crown, a timing means is controlled the photoperiod.
3. implementation result
1. different light medium is on the impact of the Broad Bean Leaves photosynthetic pigment of irradiation after 6 days
Different light medium is on the significant difference that affects of broad bean pigment content.The chlorophyll a of broad bean seedling leaves, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll total amount and carotenoid content are maximum under ruddiness, and the fluorescent lamp contrast is lower minimum.Ruddiness is conducive to synthetic (Fig. 1) of the Photosynthetic Pigment of broad bean seedling.
2. different light medium is on the impact of the Broad Bean Leaves photosynthetic pigment of irradiation after 8 days
Different light medium affects the pigment content of broad bean.The chlorophyll a of broad bean seedling leaves, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll total amount and carotenoid content are lower maximum in the red combined light of indigo plant (B:R=6:4), and the fluorescent lamp contrast is lower minimum.Blue red combined light is conducive to synthetic (Fig. 2) of the Photosynthetic Pigment of broad bean seedling.
3. different light medium is on the impact of the Broad Bean Leaves photosynthetic pigment of irradiation after 10 days
Different light medium has notable difference to the impact of broad bean pigment content.The chlorophyll a of broad bean seedling leaves, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll total amount and carotenoid content are maximum under ruddiness, and the fluorescent lamp contrast is lower minimum.Ruddiness is conducive to synthetic (Fig. 3) of the Photosynthetic Pigment of broad bean seedling.
4. different light medium on the impact of Broad Bean Leaves soluble protein
Different light medium affects the content of Broad Bean Leaves soluble protein.The broad bean seedling is from the 6th day to 10 days irradiations, the rear reduction of rising first of the soluble protein content of blade.The broad bean soluble protein content is lower maximum in the red combined light of indigo plant (B:R=6:4), and the fluorescent lamp contrast is lower minimum.Blue red combined light is conducive to synthetic (Fig. 4) of the leaf soluble protein content of broad bean seedling.

Claims (4)

1. technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish may further comprise the steps:
1. presprouting of seeds: choose Broad Bean Seeds of the same size, in clear water, soak first 24 h, take out seed after, evenly program request is carried out vernalization to cotyledon and is flattened in the bottom is covered with the seedling-cultivating tray of 4 layers of blotting paper;
2. light treatment: the broad bean seedling after cotyledon flattened is positioned under monochromatic ruddiness and the Lan Hong combined light (B:R=6:4) to be cultivated 10 days.
2. a kind of technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish according to claim 1 is characterized in that the condition of described light treatment is:
1. light intensity is 3000 lux;
2. the photoperiod is 12 hours;
3. cultivation temperature 24-26 ℃;
4. humidity remains on 65-70%.
According to claim 1 with a kind of technology that adopts artificial light source to cultivate broad bean sprout seedling dish claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that:
1. described light source is provided by a group rare-earth plant lamp;
2. described light intensity is controlled to the distance of influences of plant crown by quantity and the lamp of adjusting lamp;
3. the described photoperiod adopts a timer to control.
4. method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Vicia Faba is the Da Ye broad bean.
CN2012105428219A 2012-12-15 2012-12-15 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source Expired - Fee Related CN102972275B (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947518A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Indoor culturing method for cowpea sprouting vegetable
CN103947470A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables
CN103947521A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Indoor culture method of pea sprouting vegetables
CN103947520A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable
CN103975834A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-13 安徽科技学院 In-house production technology for hydroponic swamp cabbages
CN103988763A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-08-20 李慧敏 Technology for indoors cultivating soybean sprouts
CN104186288A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-12-10 福建省农业科学院作物研究所 LED light source cultivation method for improving levodopa content of broad bean sprouts
CN104521533A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-22 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Fresh and alive organic vegetable production method
CN104798480A (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-07-29 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所 Simple acyrthosiphon pisum host plant culture method
CN105766338A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 安徽科技学院 Seedling culture method of Abelmoschus esculentus
CN106612708A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-05-10 汤文旋 Cultivation method for increasing VC content of sprout vegetables through collaborative cultivation
CN107912287A (en) * 2016-10-08 2018-04-17 张春兰 One kind has health-care effect moyashi processing method
CN108094058A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-06-01 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea
CN108605465A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-02 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A method of Bermuda grass is cultivated using artificial light source
CN109043044A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-21 成都市农林科学院 A kind of broad bean sprouting vegetable tea bag and preparation method thereof of richness levodopa

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CN101053310A (en) * 2007-04-17 2007-10-17 赵杰 Bean sprouts production method
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KR100826233B1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-04-30 코지 하세가와 The manufacturing method of the bean sprout
CN101637116A (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-03 滕立刚 Method for producing nano SOD-rich sprouting vegetable
CN202008981U (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-10-12 刘景龙 Energy-saving lamp prompting plant growth
CN102679242A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-09-19 上海合鸣照明电器有限公司 Pure three-color fluorescent powder plant illumination supplement lamp and manufacturing method thereof
CN102687659A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 鞠海洋 Cultivation method of nano-selenium sprouting vegetables

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KR100826233B1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-04-30 코지 하세가와 The manufacturing method of the bean sprout
CN101053310A (en) * 2007-04-17 2007-10-17 赵杰 Bean sprouts production method
CN101147461A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-03-26 天津师范大学 Selenium enriched sprout vegetable cultivating method
CN101637116A (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-03 滕立刚 Method for producing nano SOD-rich sprouting vegetable
CN102687659A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 鞠海洋 Cultivation method of nano-selenium sprouting vegetables
CN202008981U (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-10-12 刘景龙 Energy-saving lamp prompting plant growth
CN102679242A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-09-19 上海合鸣照明电器有限公司 Pure three-color fluorescent powder plant illumination supplement lamp and manufacturing method thereof

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104798480A (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-07-29 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所 Simple acyrthosiphon pisum host plant culture method
CN103947470A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Light source control technology for indoor culture of black soybean sprouting vegetables
CN103947521A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Indoor culture method of pea sprouting vegetables
CN103947520A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Indoor culture technique of mung bean sprouting vegetable
CN103947518A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-07-30 李慧敏 Indoor culturing method for cowpea sprouting vegetable
CN103988763A (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-08-20 李慧敏 Technology for indoors cultivating soybean sprouts
CN103947518B (en) * 2014-04-20 2016-05-25 安徽科技学院 The method of the indoor cultivation of a kind of cowpea bud seedling dish
CN103975834A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-13 安徽科技学院 In-house production technology for hydroponic swamp cabbages
CN104186288B (en) * 2014-08-13 2015-12-02 福建省农业科学院作物研究所 A kind of LED light source cultivation method improving broad bean shoot vegetable levodopa content
CN104186288A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-12-10 福建省农业科学院作物研究所 LED light source cultivation method for improving levodopa content of broad bean sprouts
CN104521533A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-22 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Fresh and alive organic vegetable production method
CN105766338A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-20 安徽科技学院 Seedling culture method of Abelmoschus esculentus
CN106612708A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-05-10 汤文旋 Cultivation method for increasing VC content of sprout vegetables through collaborative cultivation
CN107912287A (en) * 2016-10-08 2018-04-17 张春兰 One kind has health-care effect moyashi processing method
CN108094058A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-06-01 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea
CN108605465A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-02 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A method of Bermuda grass is cultivated using artificial light source
CN109043044A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-21 成都市农林科学院 A kind of broad bean sprouting vegetable tea bag and preparation method thereof of richness levodopa

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Inventor after: Lu Xiaomin

Inventor after: Li Huimin

Inventor after: Gao Qinghai

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Inventor before: Gao Qinghai

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