CN108094058A - A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea - Google Patents

A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108094058A
CN108094058A CN201810159132.7A CN201810159132A CN108094058A CN 108094058 A CN108094058 A CN 108094058A CN 201810159132 A CN201810159132 A CN 201810159132A CN 108094058 A CN108094058 A CN 108094058A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
light source
cultivation
festuca arundinacea
technology
artificial light
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810159132.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱江丽
蔡金术
许诺
王业春
李军娟
周文君
曹华英
王序驰
张明财
刘天翔
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Wenke Landscape Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Wenke Landscape Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Wenke Landscape Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Wenke Landscape Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810159132.7A priority Critical patent/CN108094058A/en
Publication of CN108094058A publication Critical patent/CN108094058A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Ecology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Micro-Organisms Or Cultivation Processes Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of technologies using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea, belong to garden crop technical field of cultivation.It is characterized in that the cultivation technique uses seminal propagation, tall fescue seed is impregnated in advance, taking-up is filtered dry, and is seeded in seedlings nursing plate and is placed under full spectrum light and red blue combination light and cultivates.Full spectrum light is most suitable for the growth of Festuca Arundinacea.The present invention has easy to operate, the saving energy, environmental protection etc. a little, and turf grass growing time is fast, can be applied to the fields such as the quick production in interior of Festuca Arundinacea, industrialized cultivation.

Description

A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of technologies using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea, belong to garden crop technical field of cultivation.
Background technology
The tradition plantation of Festuca Arundinacea is generally in outdoor progress, and required illumination is provided by sunlight, in the closing of without sunlight Manually light source cultivation there is no report under state.And traditional cultivation method is apparent by seasonal effect, it is impossible to actively selection kind grass planting The opportunity on level ground, and the lawn batch of annual production is also subject to season limit, it is impossible to according to the market demand suitable supply in time.
Just one of most important envirment factor of growth and development of plants.It is not only the photosynthetic energy of higher plant Amount, while be also to adjust the important vital movements of plants such as photomorphogenesis, photoperiodical reaction and inherent biological clock rhythm Signal.For lawn, just one of an important factor for influence turf-grass growth and development, solar irradiation is mapped to green surface State generates strong influence to the quality of turfgrass, vigor and color.How to increase in solar irradiation deficiency special Determine artificial light sources, not only promote needed for plant growth and development, may also reach up volume increase, efficient, good purpose, this is for rush Development into China's modern times agriculture and forestry has very important realistic meaning.The people used for a long time in agricultural and biological field Work light source mainly has fluorescent lamp, incandescent lamp and sodium vapor lamp etc., and wherein high-pressure sodium lamp is that luminous efficiency and effective photosynthetic efficiency are higher Light source, but power consumption is big, emission spectrum cannot match with the photosynthesis absorption spectrum of plant well, do light filling efficiency It is low;And generate many heat radiations, it is impossible to it is inefficient to plant growth light stimulus to plant irradiation at short distance, it does manually Cost of light source is very high.Therefore, introduce that energy saving, good luminous performance, quantity of heat production be low, the new type light source of service life length, planted to improving Utilization rate of electrical and space availability ratio, reduction power consumption cost in object factory are of great significance.
In recent years, light emitting diode (LED) comes out as the new light sources that facilities horticulture produces, with traditional artificial light source It compares, LED light source has as follows a little:(1) cold light source, without heat radiation, can irradiation at short distance plant, cost is greatly lowered; (2) monochromatic light necessary to plant growth being sent (feux rouges that blue light that such as peak value is 450nm, wave crest are 660nm), and And after red blue-ray LED combination, the spectral absorption peak value substantially identical with crop photosynthesis and morphogenesis can be formed;(3) body Product is small, is easy to use;(4) service life is long, and average life span reaches 10000h;(5) high efficiency, the efficiency of light energy utilization reach 80-90%, energy-saving effect are notable.Therefore, the artificial light source needed for plant is developed using the performance characteristics of LED plant growth lamp Its optical energy utilization efficiency will be greatly improved.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of technical solution using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea, and operating procedures Simply, effect stability can be applied well in production, scientific research.
Technical solution
1. a kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea comprises the following steps:
A. seed treatment:Full tall fescue seed is chosen, is impregnated in clear water for 24 hours, seedlings nursing plate is seeded in after drying;
B. photo-irradiation treatment:Seedlings nursing plate after planting is placed under full spectrum light and red blue combination light and is cultivated 38 days.
2. application rate of the present invention is 35g/m2
3. the condition of photo-irradiation treatment of the present invention is:
A. light intensity is 5000lux;
B. when the photoperiod is 12 small;
C. 22-25 DEG C of cultivation temperature;
D. humidity is maintained at 70-80%.
4. the method for photo-irradiation treatment of the present invention is:
A. the light source is LED plant growth lamp;
B. the red blue combination light includes R:B=3:1、4:1 and 5:1 three kinds of ratios;
C. the light intensity is controlled by adjusting the distance of lamp to influences of plant crown;
D. the photoperiod is controlled using a timer.
5. the Festuca Arundinacea kind that the present invention uses is hunting dog.
6. advantageous effect
A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea, 38 days coverages are up to more than 95% after planting, and underground Part growing way is fine, is entirely capable of the requirement for reaching garden.The present invention can quickly produce tall grass under full artificial condition Skin provides a kind of new mode of production for the production on lawn, and available for solving, traditional cultivation method is apparent by seasonal effect, no The opportunity of turf plant can actively be selected, and the lawn batch of annual production is subject to season limit, it is impossible to according to the market demand and When suitable supply the problems such as.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is 38 days aerial part growing ways of Festuca Arundinacea planting under full spectrum light, and Fig. 2 is Festuca Arundinacea planting 38 under full spectrum light Its careless blanket lifts shape.
Specific embodiment
The present embodiment is carried out 2 months-March in 2017 in Hunan gardens Science Institute.
1. implement material:
A. tall fescue seed:Hunting dog;
B. light source:LED plant growth lamp.
2. implementation
A. seed treatment:Full tall fescue seed is chosen, is impregnated in clear water for 24 hours, seedlings nursing plate is seeded in after drying;
B. photo-irradiation treatment:Seedlings nursing plate after planting is placed under full spectrum light and red blue combination light and is cultivated 38 days.
C. condition controls:Intensity of illumination is arranged to 5000lux, photoperiod 12h, and temperature is 22-25 DEG C, humidity 70- 80%;
D. control method:By adjusting the distance controlling intensity of illumination of lamp to influences of plant crown, pass through Timer Controlling light week Phase.
3. implementation result
Growth of Festuca elata 38 days under full spectrum light, up to more than 95%, under ground portion grows fine coverage, reaches garden Standard.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea comprises the following steps:
A. seed treatment:Full tall fescue seed is chosen, is impregnated in clear water for 24 hours, seedlings nursing plate is seeded in after drying;
B. photo-irradiation treatment:Seedlings nursing plate after planting is placed under full spectrum light and red blue combination light and is cultivated 38 days.
A kind of 2. technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sowing It measures as 35g/m2
A kind of 3. technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the illumination The condition of processing is:
A. light intensity is 5000lux;
B. when the photoperiod is 12 small;
C. 22-25 DEG C of cultivation temperature;
D. humidity is maintained at 70-80%.
4. a kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea according to claim 1 and claim 3, feature exist In:
A. the light source is LED plant growth lamp;
B. the red blue combination light includes R:B=3:1、4:1 and 5:1 three kinds of ratios;
C. the light intensity is controlled by adjusting the distance of lamp to influences of plant crown;
D. the photoperiod is controlled using a timer.
5. a kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The high sheep Thatch kind is hunting dog.
CN201810159132.7A 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea Pending CN108094058A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810159132.7A CN108094058A (en) 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810159132.7A CN108094058A (en) 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108094058A true CN108094058A (en) 2018-06-01

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CN201810159132.7A Pending CN108094058A (en) 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of technology using artificial light source cultivation Festuca Arundinacea

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN108094058A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738820A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-06 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of interior lawn light compensation method and indoor lawn stage lawn formation method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004035797A3 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-11-10 Dlf Trifolium As Tissue-specific promoters from plants
US20050266558A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2005-12-01 Agrigenesis Biosciences Limited Compositions isolated from forage grasses and methods for their use
CN101575147A (en) * 2009-06-04 2009-11-11 天津师范大学 Method for restoring heavy metal of eutrophic water by utilizing lawn plants
CN102972275A (en) * 2012-12-15 2013-03-20 安徽科技学院 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source
CN206592825U (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-10-27 珠海市斗门达华智能电子有限公司 Hydroponics LED light supplement lamp in a kind of full spectrum room

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050266558A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2005-12-01 Agrigenesis Biosciences Limited Compositions isolated from forage grasses and methods for their use
WO2004035797A3 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-11-10 Dlf Trifolium As Tissue-specific promoters from plants
CN101575147A (en) * 2009-06-04 2009-11-11 天津师范大学 Method for restoring heavy metal of eutrophic water by utilizing lawn plants
CN102972275A (en) * 2012-12-15 2013-03-20 安徽科技学院 Technology for culturing fava bean sprout by adoption of artificial light source
CN206592825U (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-10-27 珠海市斗门达华智能电子有限公司 Hydroponics LED light supplement lamp in a kind of full spectrum room

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738820A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-06 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of interior lawn light compensation method and indoor lawn stage lawn formation method

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Application publication date: 20180601