CN103939910A - Garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103939910A
CN103939910A CN201410157360.2A CN201410157360A CN103939910A CN 103939910 A CN103939910 A CN 103939910A CN 201410157360 A CN201410157360 A CN 201410157360A CN 103939910 A CN103939910 A CN 103939910A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
incinerator
support
chimney
garbage
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410157360.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103939910B (en
Inventor
蓝宜建
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蓝宜建
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201410157360.2A priority Critical patent/CN103939910B/en
Publication of CN103939910A publication Critical patent/CN103939910A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103939910B publication Critical patent/CN103939910B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage incinerator which comprises an incinerator body, a combustor, a feeding notch, a movable baffle, fire bars, a chimney and incinerator legs. The inner wall of the incinerator body is provided with refractory bricks. The incinerator body is hollow to form the combustor. The top of the incinerator body is provided with the chimney. The upper portion of the incinerator body is provided with the feeding notch and the movable baffle. The bottom of the incinerator body is provided with the fire bars. The bottom end of the incinerator body is open to form an ash outlet. The bottom end of the incinerator body is provided with the incinerator legs. The combustor of the incinerator body is provided with a support used for distributing garbage. The support is arranged in the center area of the incinerator body. As the support used for supporting the garbage thrown into the incinerator body is arranged in the incinerator body, in the combusting process, when the garbage is thrown, flames of the lower layer are prevented from being put out, high temperature in the incinerator body can be kept continuously, various materials in the garbage can be fully combusted, the combustion rate is increased, and harmful gas can be effectively prevented from being generated.

Description

Incinerator

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of refuse disposal installation, especially relate to a kind of incinerator.

Background technology

Along with economic development, the quantity that annual small towns house refuse produces is also multiplied.The traditional approach of garbage disposal makes to build refuse landfill, and rubbish is carried out to landfill.Yet garbage loading embeading exists many defects: one, build refuse landfill and taken a large amount of soils, soil is non-renewable resource, and land resource is more nervous; Two, environment has been caused to pollution, increased management cost; Because materials such as having large amount of organic and battery enters after refuse landfill, the poisonous percolate of its generation will bring severe contamination to soil and groundwater, from the angle of environmental protection, consider, must set up that percolate from garbage filling field is impermeable, collection processing system implementing, this will improve technical difficulty, also increase investment simultaneously, landfill complicated operation, difficult management, in addition, the methane of landfill yard, hydrogen sulfide etc. are discarded also must be processed, to guarantee to reach explosion-proof and requirement environmental protection; Three, waste resource, a large amount of dumpings, in landfill yard, wherein have a matter and energy to be utilized, and this has caused resource waste to a certain extent.Therefore, the processing mode of garbage loading embeading has been replaced gradually.

Compare with landfill disposal, waste incineration is a kind of good processing method.By burning, not only reduced the volume of rubbish, but also heating homenergic, the heat that can utilize burning to produce recycles, the lime-ash after burning can brickmaking.Traditional incinerator in use, rubbish is to burn on the fire grate being devoted in incinerator, but, when the rubbish on fire grate is burning, the rubbish that the rubbish moment covering that new input is come in is being burnt, easily by spark extinguishing, causes the interior temperature of stove unstable, waste incineration is insufficient, the insufficient pernicious gas that just easily produces of waste incineration.Meanwhile, component of refuse is complicated, and wherein various combustibles have different character, make rubbish in burning process, produce the phenomenons such as frit, clinker, sintering, and combustion rate is low.Fuel gas and the combustible in flying dust in flue gas can not be burned completely, and final harmful substances in flue gas of discharging is more, contaminated environment.

Summary of the invention

For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of sufficient combustion, simple in structure, floor space little village incinerator.

For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

An incinerator, comprises body of heater, combustion chamber, charging notch, movable plate washer, fire bars, chimney and stove pin; Described inboard wall of furnace body is provided with refractory brick, and body of heater hollow forms combustion chamber, and body of heater top is provided with chimney, and the top of body of heater is provided with charging notch and movable plate washer, and the bottom of body of heater is provided with fire bars, the uncovered formation ash hole in body of heater bottom; Described body of heater bottom is provided with stove pin; The combustion chamber of body of heater is provided with the support of distribution rubbish; Described support is arranged on body of heater center.

Above-described support is long cage shape, is to be welded by many vertical bar reinforcing bars and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe reinforcing bar; Many described vertical bar reinforcing bars evenly arrange hook.

Above-described movable plate washer is and tile, and upper end is arc port, and two jiaos arrange movable link, and is flexibly connected with the body of heater of charging notch top.

Above-described body of heater stage casing is provided with a feeding gate, and described feeding gate is located at the opposite side that charging notch is corresponding.

The diameter of above-described chimney is the 1/5-1/4 of furnace diameter.

Above-described stove pin arranges 3-6.

During use, the rubbish of throwing in is entered in body of heater by charging notch or feeding gate, is supported on support, and then to rubbish, igniting is ignited.Because stent support rubbish, Bu Huijiang lower floor spark extinguishing, thus guarantee to continue the higher temperature of maintenance in this body of heater, in this body of heater, there is stable thermal source.Owing to existing a large amount of moisture and the nonflammable or inadequate rubbish that burns to be supported on this support in rubbish itself, the lasting high temperature in body of heater can first be dried rubbish, and burned and after-flame again, finally discharges from body of heater bottom afterwards.

Than prior art, the present invention has the following advantages and good effect:

1, the present invention is provided for supporting the support that is devoted to the rubbish in this body of heater in body of heater, prevented in burning process, garbage throwing Shi Huijiang lower floor spark extinguishing, guarantee the higher temperature of lasting maintenance in this body of heater, more effective oxygen supply simultaneously, all kinds of materials in rubbish fully can be burnt, improve combustion rate, and can effectively prevent the generation of pernicious gas.

2, the present invention is provided with open fire bars in body of heater bottom, and while making incineration firing, body of heater oxygen supply is abundant.

3, the base of the present invention in body of heater bottom is made as stove pin, facilitates oxygen supply and ash discharge.

4, the present invention is provided with sideboard at charging notch place, and charging is convenient, can prevent that the cigarette ash in combustion chamber from emerging simultaneously.

5, the present invention is simple in structure, and floor space is little, consumes energy low, reduces costs, and is adapted at the extensive promotion and application in rural area and small towns.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.

Accompanying drawing sign:

1-body of heater, 2-feeding gate, 3-support, 4-fire bars, 5-stove pin, 6-charging notch, the movable plate washer of 7-, 8-chimney.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.

Embodiment 1:

An incinerator, comprises body of heater 1, combustion chamber, charging notch 6, movable plate washer 7, fire bars 4, chimney 8 and stove pin 5.Described body of heater 1 inwall is provided with refractory brick, and body of heater 1 hollow forms combustion chamber, and body of heater 1 top is provided with chimney 8, and the diameter of chimney 8 is 1/5 of body of heater 1 diameters.The top of body of heater 1 is provided with charging notch 6 and movable plate washer 7, and movable plate washer (7) is the tile consistent with body of heater 1 arc at place, and upper end is arc port, and two jiaos arrange movable link, and is flexibly connected with the body of heater 1 of charging notch 6 tops.The bottom of body of heater 1 is provided with fire bars 4, the body of heater 1 uncovered formation ash hole in bottom; Described body of heater 1 bottom is provided with 3 stove pin 5; The combustion chamber of body of heater 1 is provided with the support 3 of distribution rubbish, and support 3 is long cage shape, is to be welded by many vertical bar reinforcing bars and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe reinforcing bar, and at many vertical bar reinforcing bars, hook is evenly set.Described support 3 is arranged on body of heater 1 center.

During use, the rubbish of throwing in is entered in body of heater by charging notch 6, is supported on support 3, and then to rubbish, igniting is ignited.Because support 3 is supporting rubbish, Bu Huijiang lower floor spark extinguishing, thus guarantee to continue the higher temperature of maintenance in this body of heater, in this body of heater 1, there is stable thermal source.Owing to existing a large amount of moisture and the nonflammable or inadequate rubbish that burns to be supported on this support 3 in rubbish itself, the lasting high temperature in body of heater 1 can first be dried rubbish, and burned and after-flame again, finally discharges from body of heater 1 bottom afterwards.

Embodiment 2:

An incinerator, comprises body of heater 1, combustion chamber, charging notch 6, movable plate washer 7, fire bars 4, chimney 8 and stove pin 5.Described body of heater 1 inwall is provided with refractory brick, and body of heater 1 hollow forms combustion chamber, and body of heater 1 top is provided with chimney 8, and the diameter of chimney 8 is 1/4 of body of heater 1 diameters.The top of body of heater 1 is provided with charging notch 6 and movable plate washer 7, movable plate washer (7) be body of heater 1 arc with place consistent tile, upper end is arc port, two jiaos arrange movable link, and are flexibly connected with the body of heater 1 of charging notch 6 tops.Body of heater 1 stage casing is provided with a feeding gate 2, and described feeding gate 2 is located at the opposite side of charging notch 6 correspondences, convenient garbage throwing simultaneously.The bottom of body of heater 1 is provided with fire bars 4, the body of heater 1 uncovered formation ash hole in bottom; Described body of heater 1 bottom is provided with 6 stove pin 5; The combustion chamber of body of heater 1 is provided with the support 3 of distribution rubbish, and support 3 is long cage shape, is to be welded by many vertical bar reinforcing bars and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe reinforcing bar, and at many vertical bar reinforcing bars, hook is evenly set.Described support 3 is arranged on body of heater 1 center.

The operation principle of this embodiment is identical with embodiment 1.

Claims (6)

1. an incinerator, comprises body of heater (1), combustion chamber, charging notch (6), movable plate washer (7), fire bars (4), chimney (8) and stove pin (5); It is characterized in that: described body of heater (1) inwall is provided with refractory brick, body of heater (1) hollow forms combustion chamber, body of heater (1) top is provided with chimney (8), the top of body of heater (1) is provided with charging notch (6) and movable plate washer (7), the bottom of body of heater (1) is provided with fire bars (4), the uncovered formation ash hole in body of heater (1) bottom; Described body of heater (1) bottom is provided with stove pin (5); The combustion chamber of body of heater (1) is provided with the support (3) of distribution rubbish; Described support (3) is arranged on body of heater (1) center.
2. incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described support (3) is long cage shape, is to be welded by many vertical bar reinforcing bars and the alternate certain distance of horizontal stripe reinforcing bar; Many described vertical bar reinforcing bars evenly arrange hook.
3. incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described movable plate washer (7) is tile, and upper end is arc port, and two jiaos arrange movable link, and is flexibly connected with the body of heater (1) of charging notch (6) top.
4. incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater (1) stage casing is provided with a feeding gate (2), and described feeding gate (2) is located at the opposite side that charging notch (6) is corresponding.
5. incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the diameter of described chimney (8) is the 1/5-1/4 of body of heater (1) diameter.
6. incinerator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described stove pin (5) arranges 3-6.
CN201410157360.2A 2014-04-18 2014-04-18 Incinerator CN103939910B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410157360.2A CN103939910B (en) 2014-04-18 2014-04-18 Incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410157360.2A CN103939910B (en) 2014-04-18 2014-04-18 Incinerator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103939910A true CN103939910A (en) 2014-07-23
CN103939910B CN103939910B (en) 2016-08-24

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104913315A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-09-16 郭志男 Fire protecting device for waste incineration
CN105258126A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 蓝宜建 Environment-friendly waste incinerator
CN105258131A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 朱肖州 Environment-friendly efficient waste incinerator
CN105588130A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-18 朱肖州 Small and medium size garbage incinerator
CN106610020A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-03 重庆金诺克机械制造有限公司 Waste incinerator
CN106678828A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-17 重庆金诺克机械制造有限公司 Garbage incinerator body

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2092027U (en) * 1991-01-28 1992-01-01 北京科技大学 Verticle wastes cremation furnace using coal as fuel
JPH08270919A (en) * 1995-03-31 1996-10-18 Shuichiro Endo Refuse burning cage
JPH10141639A (en) * 1996-11-08 1998-05-29 Hiromitsu Ito Semi-spherical fire grate for incinerator
CN2849492Y (en) * 2005-07-26 2006-12-20 北京机电院高技术股份有限公司 Continuous pyrolysis type automatic ash-discharging garbage incinerator
CN2861160Y (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-01-24 马三轩 Gasification furnace for waste inflammable matter
CN202973109U (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-06-05 张元木 Passageway type refuse burning box

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2092027U (en) * 1991-01-28 1992-01-01 北京科技大学 Verticle wastes cremation furnace using coal as fuel
JPH08270919A (en) * 1995-03-31 1996-10-18 Shuichiro Endo Refuse burning cage
JPH10141639A (en) * 1996-11-08 1998-05-29 Hiromitsu Ito Semi-spherical fire grate for incinerator
CN2849492Y (en) * 2005-07-26 2006-12-20 北京机电院高技术股份有限公司 Continuous pyrolysis type automatic ash-discharging garbage incinerator
CN2861160Y (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-01-24 马三轩 Gasification furnace for waste inflammable matter
CN202973109U (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-06-05 张元木 Passageway type refuse burning box

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104913315A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-09-16 郭志男 Fire protecting device for waste incineration
CN105258126A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 蓝宜建 Environment-friendly waste incinerator
CN105258131A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-20 朱肖州 Environment-friendly efficient waste incinerator
CN105258131B (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-12-01 朱肖州 A kind of environment-friendly high-efficiency waste incinerator
CN105588130A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-18 朱肖州 Small and medium size garbage incinerator
CN105588130B (en) * 2016-02-02 2018-04-06 朱肖州 A kind of middle-size and small-size waste incinerator
CN106610020A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-03 重庆金诺克机械制造有限公司 Waste incinerator
CN106678828A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-17 重庆金诺克机械制造有限公司 Garbage incinerator body
CN106610020B (en) * 2016-12-02 2019-04-02 重庆金诺克机械制造有限公司 Waste incinerator

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