CN205897151U - Garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205897151U
CN205897151U CN201620568838.5U CN201620568838U CN205897151U CN 205897151 U CN205897151 U CN 205897151U CN 201620568838 U CN201620568838 U CN 201620568838U CN 205897151 U CN205897151 U CN 205897151U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grate
burning
incinerator
fire
heater
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Active
Application number
CN201620568838.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴晓龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Huixin Environmental Protection Technology Co. Ltd.
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吴晓龙
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Priority to CN201620568838.5U priority Critical patent/CN205897151U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model relates to a garbage incinerator, the induction cooker comprises a cooker bod, be equipped with feed inlet, slag notch and gas vent on the furnace body, be connected with the feeder hopper on the feed inlet, be connected with the storage hopper on the feeder hopper, the slag notch below is equipped with the basin, be equipped with connected scraper blade mucking machine on the basin, the flue gas passageway that still is equipped with a burning room, two rooms of burning in the furnace body and communicates with the gas vent, be equipped with the quench tower in the flue gas passageway, still be equipped with the three -section grate in the furnace body, the three -section grate is dry section, burning zone respectively and fires the cinder section, the utility model discloses a syllogic grate carries out the front and back propelling movement to rubbish, and the motion speed and the displacement stroke of adjustment grate are favorable to rubbish to fire the cinder totally, have more reliable combustion stability, satisfies the relevant standard requirements of country.

Description

Incinerator
[technical field]
This utility model is related to the technical field of garbage incinerating system, especially a kind of incinerator.
[background technology]
With the quickening of economic continuous development and urbanization, the quantity that annual domestic waste produces is multiplied. The traditional approach of garbage disposal is to build refuse landfill, and rubbish is filled.There is many drawbacks in this mode, first Exactly take a large amount of soils to build landfill yard, soil is non-renewable resource, land resource pretty nervous;Second, After the material such as large amount of organic and battery enters landfill yard, the poisonous percolate that it produces will bring sternly to soil and groundwater Heavily contaminated, to consider that from the angle of environmental protection this will it is necessary to set up that percolate from garbage filling field is impermeable, collection processing system implementing Develop skill difficulty, also increases investment simultaneously, fills complex operation, management is also highly difficult, additionally, the methane of landfill yard, sulfuration The waste gas such as hydrogen also must be handled well, to guarantee explosion-proof and environmental requirement;Third, a large amount of dumpings are in landfill yard, wherein institute The matter and energy containing cannot be obtained by, and according to the viewpoint of recycling economy, this is also a kind of wasting of resources.Because landfill has So drawback, in developed country, this simple process mode seldom adopts at present.
Compared with landfill disposal, waste incineration is a kind of preferable processing method.By burning, not only the volume of rubbish is big Big reduction, after conventional rubbish burns, volume can reduce 80%, and can utilize burn the heat generating producing, heat supply, Reach the purpose of energy regenerating, the lime-ash after burning can be with brickmaking.Component of refuse is complicated, and wherein various combustibles have difference Density, shape, chemical property, catch fire and combustion characteristics, make them assume different burning velocities and after-flame in incinerator Time, thus be difficult to control to combustion process and ensure burning fully.Existing incinerator incineration firing is often insufficient, emit Black smoke, had not only wasted the energy but also air had been polluted.At present, also there is no a kind of preferable incinerator.
Therefore, for avoiding above-mentioned technical problem, it is necessory to provide one kind to have structure improved incinerator, with gram Take described defect of the prior art.
[utility model content]
In order to overcome above-mentioned weak point present in prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rubbish Incinerator.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, this utility model adopts following concrete technical scheme: incinerator, including stove Body, described body of heater is provided with charging aperture, slag notch and air vent, and described charging aperture is connected with feed hopper, on described feed hopper It is connected with storage bin hopper, below described slag notch, is provided with tank, described tank is provided with connected scraper slagging machine, described stove It is additionally provided with burning one Room, burning two Room and the exhaust gases passes connecting with air vent in vivo, in described exhaust gases passes, be provided with chilling Tower, is additionally provided with three sections of fire grates in described body of heater, described three sections of fire grates are respectively dryer section, burning zone and burning segment.
Further, fire grate described in the utility model is according to fixed grate, moving grate, fixed grate, moving grate ... Overlap mode separately constitute dryer section fire grate, burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate.
Further, the dryer section fire grate in three sections of fire grates described in the utility model, burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate, Respectively to be driven by independent drive mechanism.
Further, drive mechanism described in the utility model includes the travelling gear being connected on moving grate, described biography Moving gear is passed through transmission tooth row and is connected with hydraulic cylinder.
Further, it is additionally provided with, in body of heater described in the utility model, the pressure fan connecting with exhaust gases passes.
Further, exhaust gases passes described in the utility model are arranged for vertical direction.
Further, three sections of fire grates described in the utility model are inclined to set.
This utility model advantage compared with prior art is: before this utility model is carried out to rubbish using three-stage fire grate After push, the adjustment movement rate of fire grate and displacement stroke, be conducive to rubbish to burn completely, there is more reliable flameholding Property, meet the requirement of relevant national standard.
[brief description]
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
[specific embodiment]
Understandable for enabling above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage to become apparent from, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to this The specific embodiment of utility model is described in detail.
Elaborate detail in order to fully understand this utility model in the following description.But this utility model can To be implemented different from alternate manner described here with multiple, those skilled in the art can be without prejudice to this utility model intension In the case of do similar popularization.Therefore this utility model is not embodied as being limited by following public.
Refer to shown in Figure of description 1, this utility model is incinerator, including body of heater 1, described body of heater 1 sets There are charging aperture 2, slag notch 3 and air vent 4, described charging aperture 2 is connected with feed hopper 5, described feed hopper 5 is connected with storing Bucket 6, is provided with tank 7, described tank 7 is provided with connected scraper slagging machine 8, in described body of heater 1 below described slag notch 3 It is additionally provided with burning one Room 9, burning two Room 10 and the exhaust gases passes 11 connecting with air vent 4, exhaust gases passes 11 are vertical direction Setting, is provided with chilling tower 12, is additionally provided with three sections of fire grates, described fire grate is according to fixation in described body of heater 1 in described exhaust gases passes 11 Fire grate 14, moving grate 15, fixed grate 14, the overlap mode of moving grate 15 ... separately constitute dryer section fire grate 16, burning Section fire grate 17 and burnt segment grate 18, each fire grate is inclined to set installation.
It should be noted that dryer section fire grate 16 in three sections of fire grates described in the utility model, burning zone fire grate 17 and combustion Cinder section fire grate 18, respectively to be driven by independent drive mechanism, and described drive mechanism includes the transmission being connected on moving grate 15 Gear 19, described travelling gear 19 is passed through transmission tooth row 20 and is connected with hydraulic cylinder 21.
Also needing to explanation is, it should be noted that be additionally provided with body of heater described in the utility model 1 connecting with exhaust gases passes 11 Pressure fan 22, purified gas is entered air.
Operation principle of the present utility model: first the rubbish in storage bin hopper is entered in body of heater from feed hopper, in body of heater Dryer section fire grate rubbish be dried with push, upset and burning one Room burn, burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate are by rubbish Rubbish pushes to burning two Room and burns, and rubbish is lighted on reciprocal grate, burned to after-flame, and furnace outlet flue gas temperature is up to 900- 1000℃.Flue gas enters dual firing chamber by burner hearth, and perturbation action flue gas and hot blast due to secondary wind are thoroughly mixed, in flue gas Fugitive constituent and other flammable parts are fully burnt in dual firing chamber, and cigarette temperature can rise to more than 1100 DEG C, and harmful gass are by pyrolytic.High The heat energy of warm flue gas produces vapour, flue gas is through air preheater cigarette temperature drop to 180 in waste heat boiler heating surface by Absorption of Medium Degree.Air after preheating becomes the combustion air needed for heating waste incineration.Flue gas enters integrated absorption tower removing harmful gass And neutralization sour gas, enter sack cleaner afterwards and filter off dust, the flue gas after purification enters air through air-introduced machine, chimney.
But, above-mentioned specific embodiment is exemplary, is to preferably enable those skilled in the art Understand this patent it is impossible to be not understood as this patent is included with the restriction of scope;As long as the institute of spirit according to disclosed in this patent Any equivalent change made or modification, each fall within the scope that this patent includes.

Claims (7)

1. incinerator, including body of heater it is characterised in that: described body of heater is provided with charging aperture, slag notch and air vent, described It is connected with feed hopper on charging aperture, described feed hopper is connected with storage bin hopper, below described slag notch, be provided with tank, described tank It is provided with connected scraper slagging machine, be additionally provided with burning one Room, burning two Room in described body of heater and connect with air vent Exhaust gases passes, be provided with chilling tower in described exhaust gases passes, in described body of heater, be additionally provided with three sections of fire grates, described three sections of fire grates are respectively For dryer section, burning zone and burning segment.
2. incinerator as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: described fire grate includes fixed grate and moving grate, Fixed grate becomes overlap mode to separately constitute dryer section fire grate, burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate with moving grate.
3. incinerator as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: the dryer section fire grate in described three sections of fire grates, burning Section fire grate and burnt segment grate, respectively to be driven by independent drive mechanism.
4. incinerator as claimed in claim 3 it is characterised in that: described drive mechanism includes being connected on moving grate Travelling gear, described travelling gear pass through be driven tooth row be connected with hydraulic cylinder.
5. incinerator as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: be additionally provided with described body of heater and to connect with exhaust gases passes Pressure fan.
6. incinerator as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: described exhaust gases passes be vertical direction setting.
7. the incinerator as described in claim 1 or 3 it is characterised in that: described three sections of fire grates are inclined to set.
CN201620568838.5U 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator Active CN205897151U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620568838.5U CN205897151U (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620568838.5U CN205897151U (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205897151U true CN205897151U (en) 2017-01-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620568838.5U Active CN205897151U (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205897151U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105889946A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-08-24 吴晓龙 Garbage incinerator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105889946A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-08-24 吴晓龙 Garbage incinerator

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180802

Address after: 362000 No. 222, Gao Li lane, Changcun street, Changtai street, Licheng District, Quanzhou, Fujian

Patentee after: Fujian Huixin Environmental Protection Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 362000 Quanzhou 3003, room 5, 5 yuan, 2 Yuan Yuan Road, Feng Ze District, Fujian.

Patentee before: Wu Xiaolong

TR01 Transfer of patent right