CN202769675U - Garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202769675U
CN202769675U CN2012204464694U CN201220446469U CN202769675U CN 202769675 U CN202769675 U CN 202769675U CN 2012204464694 U CN2012204464694 U CN 2012204464694U CN 201220446469 U CN201220446469 U CN 201220446469U CN 202769675 U CN202769675 U CN 202769675U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
incinerator
burning room
garbage
air
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012204464694U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑维明
Original Assignee
郑维明
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郑维明 filed Critical 郑维明
Priority to CN2012204464694U priority Critical patent/CN202769675U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202769675U publication Critical patent/CN202769675U/en

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model discloses a garbage incinerator which comprises an incinerator body, a garbage inputting opening is arranged on the side wall of the incinerator body, a smoke outlet is arranged on the upper portion of the incinerator body, the incinerator body is provided with an incineration chamber, and the incineration chamber is arranged below the garbage inlet. The garbage incinerator further comprises an air pipeline which is used to input air to the bottom of the incinerator body, the air pipeline is composed of a heat absorption section, and the heat absorption section is arranged in the incinerator body and above the incineration chamber. Because temperature in the incineration body is high, air is heated by the heat absorption section, after hot air enters into the bottom of the incineration body, the temperature in the incineration body can be improved, and incineration degree of garbage is improved, dry pyrolysis of the garbage is promoted, and the garbage is fully burned. The garbage incinerator has the advantages that the garbage can be fully burned without the need for other heating devices to heat the incinerator body, and can save energy.

Description

Incinerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of incinerator.
Background technology
The garbage disposal problem is the great environmental problem that the whole world is paid close attention to always.Traditional trash processing way mainly contains landfill and burns dual mode.Landfill can take the land resource of a large amount of preciousnesses, the while contaminated environment, thereby this simple processing mode substantially no longer adopts.Compare with landfill disposal, waste incineration is a kind of preferably processing mode.By burning, not only garbage bulk reduces greatly, can also utilize simultaneously and burn heat generating, the heat supply that produces, and reaches the purpose of energy recycling.Therefore.The own a kind of technology of garbage disposal that outside becoming Present Domestic, generally adopts of incineration technology.
For rubbish is fully burned, the essential temperature of burning that requires is more high better, and no side easily produces pernicious gas, such as dioxin, thus contaminated environment.In order to improve the temperature of burning, some ways are directly body of heater to be heated, and have so just increased the consumption of the energy, are unfavorable for environmental protection.Therefore, how to accomplish to improve ignition temperature under the prerequisite of saving the energy, rubbish is fully burned, be a great problem of industry always.
The utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of incinerator that makes rubbish be fully burned, save again the energy, and it has overcome the existing deficiency of background technology.The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is:
A kind of incinerator, comprise body of heater, the sidewall of this body of heater is provided with garbage inlet, the top of this body of heater is provided with exhaust opening, be provided with Burning Room in this body of heater, this Burning Room is positioned at the below of this garbage inlet, also comprises for the air duct to the bottom input air of this body of heater, this air duct comprises endotherm section, and this endotherm section is arranged in this body of heater and is positioned at this Burning Room top.
Among one preferred embodiment: this endotherm section is the coiled pipe structure.
Among one preferred embodiment: the diapire of this Burning Room is a dividing plate, the bottom of this body of heater is provided with air intake, this air intake is between the diapire and this dividing plate of this body of heater, this air duct also comprises linkage section, this endotherm section and linkage section link together, and the free end of this linkage section is connected with this air intake.
Among one preferred embodiment: the top of this body of heater is provided with air inlet, and the free end of this endotherm section is connected with this air inlet, and this linkage section is arranged on the outside of this body of heater.
Among one preferred embodiment: it also comprises the insulation reflecting plate that is arranged in this body of heater, and this insulation reflecting plate is between this Burning Room and this exhaust opening, and this insulation reflecting plate is provided with a smoke hatch.
Among one preferred embodiment: this insulation reflecting plate is made by exotic material.
Among one preferred embodiment: also comprise the rubbish dispersal device, this rubbish dispersal device is to being arranged on swingably on this body of heater by Burning Room.
Among one preferred embodiment: also comprise the slag waggon, the middle part of the diapire of this Burning Room is provided with and can opens, closed fire grate, this slag waggon be positioned at this fire grate under.
Among one preferred embodiment: also be provided with at least one door of scratching in the ashes on the sidewall of this body of heater, this door of scratching in the ashes is adjacent with this Burning Room.
Among one preferred embodiment: also be provided with a maintenance entrance on the sidewall of this body of heater, this maintenance entrance and this Burning Room are adjacent.
The technical program is compared with background technology, and it has following advantage:
1. this endotherm section is arranged in this body of heater and is positioned at this Burning Room top, because the temperature in this body of heater is higher, therefore, air is heated after by this endotherm section, after these heated air enter into this bottom of furnace body, can improve the temperature in this body of heater, improve the burning degree of rubbish, promoted the dry thermal cracking of rubbish, rubbish is fully burned.And adding hot-air is to have utilized the heat that produces in the combustion process fully, has advantages of energy-conservation.Therefore, this incinerator does not need to utilize other heaters that this body of heater is heated rubbish is fully burned, and has advantages of the energy of saving.
2. this endotherm section is the coiled pipe structure, not only can increase the length of this endotherm section, and prolonged the heat time heating time of air, and this endotherm section can also be blocked in the trickle dust that produces in the combustion process, prevents these dust this body of heater that flies out.
3. this air intake is between the diapire and this dividing plate of this body of heater, after air enters into the bottom of this body of heater, all these air all will be through the rubbish that is burning, so that airborne oxygen can fully be utilized, finally ground is more abundant so that rubbish can burn.
4. the top of this body of heater is provided with air inlet, and the free end of this endotherm section is connected with this air inlet, and this linkage section is arranged on the outside of this body of heater, avoids excess Temperature to damage this air duct.
5. should be incubated reflecting plate between this Burning Room and this exhaust opening, be subject to the effect of this insulation reflecting plate after the heat energy that produces in the burning process rises, produce backflow phenomenon.This incinerator utilize this insulation reflecting plate so that these heats that in combustion process, produce by constantly recycling, thereby greatly improved temperature in this body of heater, further promoted the dry thermal cracking of rubbish, rubbish is fully burned.
6. this rubbish dispersal device can stir aflame rubbish to being arranged on swingably on this body of heater by Burning Room by this rubbish dispersal device, also can be fully burned so that be pressed in the rubbish of lower curtate.
This slag waggon be positioned at this fire grate under, open this fire grate, the ash on this fire grate can fall in this slag waggon automatically, thereby the slag on this Burning Room of easy cleaning.
8. also be provided with at least one door of scratching in the ashes on the sidewall of this body of heater, by the thick residue on this also possible this Burning Room of easy cleaning of scratching in the ashes.
9. also be provided with a maintenance entrance on the sidewall of this body of heater, can conveniently enter in this body of heater by this maintenance entrance and overhaul.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 has illustrated the schematic diagram of a kind of incinerator of the first embodiment.
Fig. 2 has illustrated the schematic top plan view of incinerator shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 has illustrated the schematic diagram of a kind of incinerator of the second embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Please refer to Fig. 1, it has illustrated the schematic diagram of a kind of incinerator of the first embodiment.This incinerator 100 comprises a body of heater 10, an insulation reflecting plate 20, an air duct 30, a slag waggon 40, a rubbish conveyer belt 50 and an electric gate valve 60.
Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the middle part of the left side sidewall of this body of heater 10 is provided with a garbage inlet 11.The top of this body of heater 10 is provided with an exhaust opening 12.The top of the right sidewall of this body of heater 10 is provided with an air inlet 13.The bottom of the right sidewall of this body of heater 10 be provided with an air intake 14 and scratch in the ashes the door 15.This quantity of scratching in the ashes door 15 can be a plurality of, and the position is unfixing.Be provided with a Burning Room 16 in this body of heater 10.This Burning Room 16 is positioned at the below of this garbage inlet 11.The diapire of this Burning Room 16 is a dividing plate 162.The middle part of this dividing plate 162 is provided with and one can opens, closed fire grate 164.This air intake 14 is between the diapire and this dividing plate 162 of this body of heater 10.This door 15 of scratching in the ashes abuts against the top of this dividing plate 162.Also be provided with a maintenance entrance 18 on the sidewall of this body of heater 10, this maintenance entrance 18 is adjacent with this Burning Room 16.
This insulation reflecting plate 20 is used for the heat that reflection is upwards distributed.This insulation reflecting plate 20 is arranged in this body of heater 10, between this Burning Room 16 and this exhaust opening 12.This insulation reflecting plate 20 is made by exotic material, is preferably wolfram steel.This insulation reflecting plate 20 is provided with a smoke hatch 21.This smoke hatch 21 can be a hole that is set directly on this insulation reflecting plate 20, also can be the breach that forms between the insulation reflecting plate by two fritters.
This air duct 30 is used for wearing gas and imports to this body of heater 10 inside.This air duct 30 comprises an endotherm section 31 and a linkage section 32 that links together.This endotherm section 31 is the coiled pipe structure.It is inner and between this insulation reflecting plate 20 and this exhaust opening 12 that this endotherm section 31 is arranged on this body of heater 10.Because the temperature of these body of heater 10 inside is quite high, therefore, air is heated to form hot-air at this endotherm section 31.The free end of this endotherm section 31 is connected with this air inlet 13.This linkage section 32 is linearly, and this linkage section 32 is arranged on the outside of this body of heater 10.The free end of this linkage section 32 is connected with this air intake 14.
This slag waggon 40 is used for accommodating later remaining ash of incineration firing.This slag waggon 40 be positioned at this fire grate 164 under.When burning away the refuse, these fire grate 164 closures; When needing cleaning, open this fire grate 164, the ash on this fire grate 164 falls in this slag waggon 40 automatically.The quantity of this slag waggon 40 can be a plurality of.
This rubbish conveyer belt 50 is used for rubbish is sent to this Burning Room 16.This rubbish conveyer belt 50 is extend in this body of heater 10 by this garbage inlet 11.
This electric gate valve 60 is arranged on the sidewall of this body of heater 10 rotationally, is used for covering this garbage inlet 11.
Please refer to Fig. 3, it has illustrated the schematic diagram of a kind of incinerator of the second embodiment.The difference of this incinerator 100a and the first embodiment is: he also comprises a rubbish dispersal device 70,70 pairs of this rubbish dispersal devices should be arranged on the sidewall of this body of heater 10 by Burning Room 16 swingably, and this rubbish dispersal device 70 can stir the rubbish that is burning.
The above, it only is the utility model preferred embodiment, therefore can not limit according to this scope that the utility model is implemented, the equivalence of namely doing according to the utility model claim and description changes and modifies, and all should still belong in the scope that the utility model contains.

Claims (10)

1. incinerator, comprise body of heater, the sidewall of this body of heater is provided with garbage inlet, the top of this body of heater is provided with exhaust opening, be provided with Burning Room in this body of heater, this Burning Room is positioned at the below of this garbage inlet, it is characterized in that: also comprise for the air duct to the bottom input air of this body of heater, this air duct comprises endotherm section, and this endotherm section is arranged in this body of heater and is positioned at this Burning Room top.
2. a kind of incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this endotherm section is the coiled pipe structure.
3. a kind of incinerator according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the diapire of this Burning Room is a dividing plate, the bottom of this body of heater is provided with air intake, this air intake is between the diapire and this dividing plate of this body of heater, this air duct also comprises linkage section, this endotherm section and linkage section link together, and the free end of this linkage section is connected with this air intake.
4. a kind of incinerator according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the top of this body of heater is provided with air inlet, and the free end of this endotherm section is connected with this air inlet, and this linkage section is arranged on the outside of this body of heater.
5. each described a kind of incinerator in 4 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also comprises the insulation reflecting plate that is arranged in this body of heater, this insulation reflecting plate is between this Burning Room and this exhaust opening, and this insulation reflecting plate is provided with a smoke hatch.
6. a kind of incinerator according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: this insulation reflecting plate is made by exotic material.
7. a kind of incinerator according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: also comprise the rubbish dispersal device, this rubbish dispersal device is to being arranged on swingably on this body of heater by Burning Room.
8. a kind of incinerator according to claim 7 is characterized in that: also comprise the slag waggon, the middle part of the diapire of this Burning Room is provided with and can opens, closed fire grate, this slag waggon be positioned at this fire grate under.
9. a kind of incinerator according to claim 8 is characterized in that: also be provided with at least one door of scratching in the ashes on the sidewall of this body of heater, this door of scratching in the ashes is adjacent with this Burning Room.
10. a kind of incinerator according to claim 9 is characterized in that: also be provided with a maintenance entrance on the sidewall of this body of heater, this maintenance entrance and this Burning Room are adjacent.
CN2012204464694U 2012-09-03 2012-09-03 Garbage incinerator CN202769675U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012204464694U CN202769675U (en) 2012-09-03 2012-09-03 Garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012204464694U CN202769675U (en) 2012-09-03 2012-09-03 Garbage incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202769675U true CN202769675U (en) 2013-03-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012204464694U CN202769675U (en) 2012-09-03 2012-09-03 Garbage incinerator

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Country Link
CN (1) CN202769675U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104913314A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-16 安徽省安庆市皖清环保科技有限公司 Novel garbage incinerator
CN106801875A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-06 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of recyclegas combustion-supporting type refuse disposal system
CN108105778A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-01 湖南云平环保科技有限公司 Efficient garbage incinerator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104913314A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-16 安徽省安庆市皖清环保科技有限公司 Novel garbage incinerator
CN106801875A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-06 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of recyclegas combustion-supporting type refuse disposal system
CN108105778A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-01 湖南云平环保科技有限公司 Efficient garbage incinerator

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130306

Termination date: 20190903