CN105889946A - Garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105889946A
CN105889946A CN201610413845.2A CN201610413845A CN105889946A CN 105889946 A CN105889946 A CN 105889946A CN 201610413845 A CN201610413845 A CN 201610413845A CN 105889946 A CN105889946 A CN 105889946A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
grate
incinerator
burning
fire
heater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610413845.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴晓龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Huixin Environmental Protection Technology Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
吴晓龙
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 吴晓龙 filed Critical 吴晓龙
Priority to CN201610413845.2A priority Critical patent/CN105889946A/en
Publication of CN105889946A publication Critical patent/CN105889946A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • F23G5/14Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L15/00Heating of air supplied for combustion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The invention relates to a garbage incinerator which comprises an incinerator body; the incinerator body is provided with a feed inlet, a slag hole and an air outlet; the feed inlet is connected with a feed hopper; the feed hopper is connected with a storage hopper; a water channel is arranged below the slag hole; a scraper slag extractor connected with the water channel is arranged on the water channel; a burning chamber I, a burning chamber II and a smoke channel communicated with the air outlet are further arranged in the incinerator body; a quenching tower is arranged in the smoke channel; a three-section fire grate is further arranged in the incinerator body; the three-section fire grate comprises a drying section, a burning section and a thorough burning section. The three-section fire grate pushes garbage back and forth; the moving speed and distance of the fire grate are adjusted to ensure thorough burning of garbage; burning stability is more reliable; the requirements of relevant national standards are met.

Description

Incinerator
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the technical field of garbage incinerating system, especially a kind of incinerator.
[background technology]
Along with economic development and the quickening of urbanization, the quantity that annual domestic waste produces is multiplied.The traditional approach of garbage disposal is to build refuse landfill, is filled by rubbish.There is many drawbacks in this mode, first takies a large amount of soil exactly to build landfill yard, and soil is non-renewable resource, land resource pretty nervous;Second, after the material such as large amount of organic and battery enters landfill yard, its poisonous percolate produced will bring severe contamination to soil and groundwater, consider from the angle of environmental protection, have to set up that percolate from garbage filling field is impermeable, collection processing system implementing, this difficulty that will develop skill, also increases investment, landfill operation complexity simultaneously, manage the most highly difficult, additionally, the waste gas such as the methane of landfill yard, hydrogen sulfide also must be handled well, to guarantee explosion-proof and environmental requirement;Its three, a large amount of dumpings are in landfill yard, and the matter and energy wherein contained cannot be obtained by, and according to the viewpoint of recycling economy, this is also a kind of wasting of resources.Because landfill has such drawback, seldom use in developed country's this simple process mode at present.
Compared with landfill disposal, waste incineration is a kind of preferably processing method.By burning, not only the volume of rubbish is greatly reduced, and after conventional rubbish burns, volume can reduce 80%, and the heat that burning can be utilized to produce generates electricity, heat supply, reaches the purpose of energy regenerating, and the lime-ash after burning can be with brickmaking.Component of refuse is complicated, and the most various combustibles have different density, shape, chemical property, catch fire and combustion characteristics, make them present different burning velocities and tail-off time in incinerator, thus are difficult to control to combustion process and ensure that burning is fully.Existing incinerator incineration firing is the most insufficient, over-emitting black exhaust, not only wastes the energy but also pollute air.At present, also there is no a kind of preferably incinerator.
Therefore, for avoiding above-mentioned technical problem, necessary offer one has structure improved incinerator, to overcome described defect of the prior art.
[summary of the invention]
In order to overcome above-mentioned weak point present in prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of incinerator.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention uses following concrete technical scheme: incinerator, including body of heater, described body of heater is provided with charging aperture, slag notch and air vent, connect on described charging aperture and have feed hopper, connect on described feed hopper and have storage bin hopper, it is provided with tank below described slag notch, described tank is provided with connected scraper slagging machine, burning one Room it is additionally provided with in described body of heater, burn two Room and the exhaust gases passes that connects with air vent, chilling tower it is provided with in described exhaust gases passes, three sections of fire grates it are additionally provided with in described body of heater, described three sections of fire grates are respectively dryer section, burning zone and burning segment.
Further, fire grate of the present invention is according to fixed grate, moving grate, fixed grate, moving grate ... overlap mode separately constitute dryer section fire grate, burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate.
Further, dryer section fire grate, burning zone fire grate and the burnt segment grate in three sections of fire grates of the present invention, respectively driven by independent drive mechanism.
Further, drive mechanism of the present invention includes the travelling gear being connected on moving grate, and described travelling gear is connected with hydraulic cylinder by transmission tooth row.
Further, it is additionally provided with, in body of heater of the present invention, the pressure fan connected with exhaust gases passes.
Further, exhaust gases passes of the present invention is that vertical direction is arranged.
Further, three sections of fire grates of the present invention are inclined to set.
Present invention advantage compared with prior art is: the present invention uses syllogic fire grate front and back to push rubbish, adjust movement rate and the displacement stroke of fire grate, be conducive to rubbish to burn completely, there is more reliable combustion stability, meet the requirement of relevant national standard.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
[detailed description of the invention]
Understandable for enabling the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage to become apparent from, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described in detail.
Elaborate detail in the following description so that fully understanding the present invention.But the present invention can be different from alternate manner described here implement with multiple, those skilled in the art can do similar popularization in the case of intension of the present invention.Therefore the present invention is not limited by following public being embodied as.
nullRefer to shown in Figure of description 1,The present invention is incinerator,Including body of heater 1,Described body of heater 1 is provided with charging aperture 2、Slag notch 3 and air vent 4,Connect on described charging aperture 2 and have feed hopper 5,Connect on described feed hopper 5 and have storage bin hopper 6,It is provided with tank 7 below described slag notch 3,Described tank 7 is provided with connected scraper slagging machine 8,Burning one Room 9 it is additionally provided with in described body of heater 1、Burn two Room 10 and the exhaust gases passes 11 that connects with air vent 4,Exhaust gases passes 11 is arranged for vertical direction,It is provided with chilling tower 12 in described exhaust gases passes 11,Three sections of fire grates it are additionally provided with in described body of heater 1,Described fire grate is according to fixed grate 14、Moving grate 15、Fixed grate 14、Moving grate 15 ... overlap mode separately constitute dryer section fire grate 16、Burning zone fire grate 17 and burnt segment grate 18,Each fire grate is inclined to set installation.
It should be noted that, dryer section fire grate 16, burning zone fire grate 17 and burnt segment grate 18 in three sections of fire grates of the present invention, respectively driven by independent drive mechanism, described drive mechanism includes that the travelling gear 19 being connected on moving grate 15, described travelling gear 19 are connected with hydraulic cylinder 21 by transmission tooth row 20.
Also needing to explanation is, it should be noted that be additionally provided with the pressure fan 22 connected with exhaust gases passes 11 in body of heater of the present invention 1, purified gas is entered air.
The operation principle of the present invention: first the rubbish in storage bin hopper is entered in body of heater from feed hopper, dryer section fire grate in body of heater is dried propelling movement to rubbish, overturn and burn a Room burning, rubbish is pushed to two Room burnings of burning by burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate, rubbish is lighted on reciprocal grate, is burned to after-flame, and furnace outlet flue gas temperature is up to 900-1000 DEG C.Flue gas is entered dual firing chamber by burner hearth, and owing to the perturbation action flue gas of secondary wind is thoroughly mixed with hot blast, fugitive constituent and other flammable parts in flue gas are fully burnt in dual firing chamber, and cigarette temperature can rise to more than 1100 DEG C, and harmful gas is by pyrolytic.The heat energy of high-temperature flue gas by Absorption of Medium, produces vapour at waste heat boiler heating surface, flue gas through air preheater cigarette temperature drop to 180 degree.Air after preheating becomes the combustion air needed for heating waste incineration.Flue gas enters integrated absorption tower removing harmful gas and neutralizes sour gas, enters sack cleaner afterwards and filters off dust, and the flue gas after purification enters air through air-introduced machine, chimney.
But, above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is exemplary, is to preferably make to skilled artisans appreciate that this patent, it is impossible to be not understood as including this patent the restriction of scope;As long as any equivalent change made according to spirit disclosed in this patent or modification, each fall within the scope that this patent includes.

Claims (7)

1. incinerator, including body of heater, it is characterized in that: described body of heater is provided with charging aperture, slag notch and air vent, connect on described charging aperture and have feed hopper, connect on described feed hopper and have storage bin hopper, it is provided with tank below described slag notch, described tank is provided with connected scraper slagging machine, be additionally provided with burning one Room in described body of heater, burn two Room and the exhaust gases passes that connects with air vent, chilling tower it is provided with in described exhaust gases passes, being additionally provided with three sections of fire grates in described body of heater, described three sections of fire grates are respectively dryer section, burning zone and burning segment.
2. incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fire grate is according to fixed grate, moving grate, fixed grate, moving grate ... overlap mode separately constitute dryer section fire grate, burning zone fire grate and burnt segment grate.
3. incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: dryer section fire grate, burning zone fire grate and the burnt segment grate in described three sections of fire grates, respectively driven by independent drive mechanism.
4. incinerator as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described drive mechanism includes the travelling gear being connected on moving grate, and described travelling gear is connected with hydraulic cylinder by transmission tooth row.
5. incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is additionally provided with the pressure fan connected with exhaust gases passes in described body of heater.
6. incinerator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described exhaust gases passes is that vertical direction is arranged.
7. the incinerator as described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: described three sections of fire grates are inclined to set.
CN201610413845.2A 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator Pending CN105889946A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610413845.2A CN105889946A (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610413845.2A CN105889946A (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105889946A true CN105889946A (en) 2016-08-24

Family

ID=56729266

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610413845.2A Pending CN105889946A (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 Garbage incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105889946A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2809449Y (en) * 2005-08-01 2006-08-23 四川海诺尔环保产业投资有限公司 Domestic refuse incinerator
CN201748435U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-02-16 上海康恒环境工程有限公司 Waste incineration treatment device applicable to small towns
CN202675304U (en) * 2012-04-01 2013-01-16 光大环保科技发展(北京)有限公司 Rubbish incineration grate unit with lengthened tail end and rubbish incinerator
CN102927572A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 上海康恒环境工程有限公司 Garbage burning equipment with forward-pushing three-section type cooling high-pressure loss fire grate and method for burning garbage by using garbage burning equipment
CN104654313A (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-05-27 西安嘉乐世纪机电科技有限公司 Waste incineration treating system
CN205897151U (en) * 2016-06-15 2017-01-18 吴晓龙 Garbage incinerator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2809449Y (en) * 2005-08-01 2006-08-23 四川海诺尔环保产业投资有限公司 Domestic refuse incinerator
CN201748435U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-02-16 上海康恒环境工程有限公司 Waste incineration treatment device applicable to small towns
CN202675304U (en) * 2012-04-01 2013-01-16 光大环保科技发展(北京)有限公司 Rubbish incineration grate unit with lengthened tail end and rubbish incinerator
CN102927572A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 上海康恒环境工程有限公司 Garbage burning equipment with forward-pushing three-section type cooling high-pressure loss fire grate and method for burning garbage by using garbage burning equipment
CN104654313A (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-05-27 西安嘉乐世纪机电科技有限公司 Waste incineration treating system
CN205897151U (en) * 2016-06-15 2017-01-18 吴晓龙 Garbage incinerator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105258131A (en) Environment-friendly efficient waste incinerator
CN103939910B (en) Incinerator
CN203628668U (en) Counter heating refuse incinerator
CN109579017A (en) A kind of small rural refuse pyrolysis gasification burning treatment process
CN110440268A (en) The oxygen barrier carbonization of house refuse low temperature pyrogenation and second-time burning integrated device
CN207514917U (en) Waste incineration and generating electricity device
CN1793731A (en) Garbage incinerator device using backfire method
CN101995025B (en) Household garbage incineration device without combustion-supporting of conventional fuel
CN105258126A (en) Environment-friendly waste incinerator
CN205897151U (en) Garbage incinerator
CN102878568A (en) Tunnel type kiln and method for multi-temperature-gradation photon energy waste incineration treatment
CN102287830A (en) Garbage incinerator
CN204943498U (en) High temperature garbage gasification power generation system
CN211255815U (en) Small cabinet type garbage low-temperature pyrolysis system
CN2788032Y (en) High temperature carbonizing refuse incinerator
CN105889946A (en) Garbage incinerator
CN207514918U (en) A kind of rubbish cooperates with incinerating and treating device with semi-dry sludge
CN204786432U (en) Novel waste incinerator
CN205579578U (en) Middle -size and small -size waste incinerator
CN210688239U (en) Ground slot type double-channel garbage pyrolysis combustion device
CN204114954U (en) The efficient CIU of municipal refuse of low corrosion
CN202955704U (en) Multi-temperature-level photon energy tunnel kiln for garbage incineration disposal
CN203757726U (en) Integrated environment-friendly gasification-melting incinerator
CN104913314A (en) Novel garbage incinerator
CN209484582U (en) Rubbish coke gasification is mixed and burned heating boiler

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20180802

Address after: 362000 No. 222, Gao Li lane, Changcun street, Changtai street, Licheng District, Quanzhou, Fujian

Applicant after: Fujian Huixin Environmental Protection Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 362000 Quanzhou 3003, room 5, 5 yuan, 2 Yuan Yuan Road, Feng Ze District, Fujian.

Applicant before: Wu Xiaolong

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20160824

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication