CN206430134U - A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse - Google Patents

A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN206430134U
CN206430134U CN201720119390.3U CN201720119390U CN206430134U CN 206430134 U CN206430134 U CN 206430134U CN 201720119390 U CN201720119390 U CN 201720119390U CN 206430134 U CN206430134 U CN 206430134U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
melter
house refuse
pyrolysis oven
grate
firing chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201720119390.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐禹豪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang United Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang United Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang United Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang United Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201720119390.3U priority Critical patent/CN206430134U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206430134U publication Critical patent/CN206430134U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse, belongs to technical field of waste treatment.The technical problem such as heavy contamination when it solves the incinerator processing rubbish of existing house refuse.The carbonization incinerator of this house refuse includes melter and dual firing chamber, dual firing chamber connects located at the top of melter and with melter, the upper end of dual firing chamber is provided with exhanst gas outlet, material stock storehouse is fixed with one madial wall of dual firing chamber, the lower end in material stock storehouse is provided with pyrolysis oven, and the side of pyrolysis oven is provided with discharging opening, and the bottom that discharging opening is located at melter is provided with stair-stepping grate, grate is provided with the first air outlet, and the bottom of melter is provided with slag notch.The calorific value pyrolysis of rubbish itself, energy-conserving and environment-protective is fully utilized in this carbonization incinerator in processing procedure;And it can avoid the oxidative synthesis of dioxins materials, then be handled by the way that smoke removing device is further to the flue gas that is produced in pyrolysis and combustion process, greatly reduce the pollution to environment in garbage processing procedure.

Description

A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of waste treatment, is related to a kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse.
Background technology
House refuse is the solid waste produced in mankind's daily life, and because discharge rate is big, complicated component is various, and With contaminative, resource and it is social, it is necessary to innoxious, recycling, minimizing and socialization processing, such as can not properly locate Reason, just pollutes the environment, and influences environmental sanitation, and waste of resource, destruction production and living safety destroys social harmony.
Common life refuse processing method has three kinds, and respectively landfill, compost and carbonization is burned, wherein, garbage loading embeading Exist that floor space is wide, energy recovery is low with compost both processing modes, processing time length, reduction time pollution capacity it is poor The shortcomings of;And the burning that is carbonized compares two kinds of processing modes and has that floor space is small, energy recovery is high, processing time is short, reduction The advantages of secondary pollution capacity is strong.
The patent of invention of Application No. " 201410713186.5 " discloses a kind of house refuse drying and incinerating device, including Charging aperture, slag-drip opening, matching air box, herringbone chimney arch and traveling-grate stoker, by set cylinder type dryer, dry flue gas pipeline and Burning process is divided into by heat exchange flue to be dried and two stages of burning.Although the incinerator floor space is small, and leads to Cross dry after-combustion can improve combustion rate, house refuse is disposed in a short time, but be due to this burner simultaneously Waste gas is not handled, larger pollution can be still produced to environment, and produce after burning is also waste residue, not The value of recycling.
The content of the invention
The utility model is burned there is provided a kind of carbonization of house refuse for the above mentioned problem that existing technology is present and filled Put, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:The energy recovery rate of garbage disposal how is improved, garbage disposal is reduced To the pollution of environment in journey.
The purpose of this utility model can be realized by following technical proposal:
The carbonization incinerator of a kind of house refuse, it is characterised in that the carbonization incinerator includes melter and two Room is fired, the dual firing chamber connects located at the top of the melter and with the melter, the upper end of the dual firing chamber is provided with cigarette Gas is exported, and material stock storehouse is fixed with a madial wall of the dual firing chamber, and the lower end in the material stock storehouse is provided with pyrolysis oven, the pyrolysis Stove is connected with the material stock storehouse, and the side of the pyrolysis oven is provided with discharging opening, and the discharging opening is located at the upper end of the melter, The opposite side of the pyrolysis oven is provided with the first push rod for being used for releasing rubbish from the discharging opening of pyrolysis oven, the bottom of the melter Portion is provided with stair-stepping grate, and the upper end of the grate is located at the lower section of the pyrolysis oven, and the lower end of the grate is with being located at institute The bottom for stating melter is connected, and the grate is provided with the first air outlet, and the bottom of the melter is provided with slag notch.
Its operation principle is as follows:This carbonization incinerator is provided with retracting device below slag notch, when working first, first House refuse feeding material stock storehouse after tentatively air-drying, is then ignited by material stock storehouse and is pyrolyzed into pyrolysis oven to be flammable Burning property gas and the solid residue based on carbon, when the rubbish in pyrolysis oven is substantially pyrolyzed complete, promotes and set The first push rod in pyrolysis oven side, the rubbish after pyrolysis is released from the discharging opening of pyrolysis oven, due to material stock storehouse lower end with Pyrolysis oven is connected, and when the rubbish in pyrolysis oven is in pyrolysis, the rubbish of material stock storehouse lower end can be also pyrolyzed in stove The rubbish of pyrolysis ignites, and allows after the withdrawal of the first push rod, the rubbish of material stock storehouse lower end enters pyrolysis oven, because part rubbish is prior Through being ignited, just can directly it be pyrolyzed without artificially igniting again;When rubbish uncombusted in pyrolysis oven and mix When combustibility gas inside is released by the first push rod out of pyrolysis oven, uncombusted rubbish and interior incendivity is mingled in Property gas and melter in oxygen-containing gas meet further burning, uncombusted rubbish can drop under gravity to be set Put on the grate below pyrolysis oven and rolled from top to bottom along grate, be now arranged on the first air outlet feeding on grate Air, promotes uncombusted rubbish further to burn, enables rubbish completely burned off, remaining carbon slag can be under gravity Melter bottom is rolled down to, and is discharged from slag notch;When house refuse is melting Indoor Combustion, hot-air can be produced, heat is empty Gas can heat the material stock storehouse being arranged in dual firing chamber after entering dual firing chamber, and further drying is done to the house refuse in material stock storehouse Processing.
In processing procedure, without coal, oil and other any auxiliary fuels, rubbish is fully utilized in this carbonization incinerator The calorific value pyrolysis of itself, energy-conserving and environment-protective, operating cost is low;And by accurately controlling the content of feeding oxygen during pyrolysis, effectively The oxidative synthesis for avoiding dioxins materials, then by smoke removing device the flue gas produced in pyrolysis and combustion process is done into The processing of one step, greatly reduces the pollution to environment in garbage processing procedure;And first it is pyrolyzed, then uncombusted rubbish Further burnt when being rolled on grate, the design can not only make house refuse thoroughly be carbonized burning, additionally it is possible to make rubbish It will not be lumpd after burning, be conducive to the later stage to be separated the rubbish after carbonization of burning, the east of metal, masonry, ceramics etc Separated from carbon in west.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, aditus laryngis is provided between the dual firing chamber and melter, The aditus laryngis is provided with the second air outlet coordinated with the discharging opening of the pyrolysis oven.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, the grate is along pyrolysis oven to slag notch direction from height Set to low dip, each ladder on the grate is above one end away from pyrolysis oven, institute close to one end of pyrolysis oven Grate is stated provided with multiple the second push rods that rubbish or lime-ash are pushed away to down step.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, first air outlet has multiple, and described second pushes away Bar is laterally set, and first air outlet and second push rod are disposed on the grate.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, the material stock storehouse is vertically arranged to the dual firing chamber Interior, the lateral wall in the material stock storehouse is overlapped with a surface side wall of the dual firing chamber, and the lateral wall of material stock storehouse upper end is provided with Charging aperture.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, the smoke outlet is provided with the 3rd air outlet.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, the carbonization incinerator also includes drying bed, described Dry bed and be horizontally through the dual firing chamber, the upper end in the material stock storehouse is connected and connected with the discharge end of the baking bed.
In a kind of carbonization incinerator of above-mentioned house refuse, the bed that dries is provided with the thing being used for drying inside bed Expect the heater of heating, drying.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present utility model is as follows:
In processing procedure, without coal, oil and other any auxiliary fuels, rubbish is fully utilized in this carbonization incinerator The calorific value pyrolysis of itself, energy-conserving and environment-protective, operating cost is low;And by accurately controlling the content of feeding oxygen during pyrolysis, effectively The oxidative synthesis for avoiding dioxins materials, then by smoke removing device the flue gas produced in pyrolysis and combustion process is done into The processing of one step, greatly reduces the pollution to environment in garbage processing procedure.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the carbonization incinerator of this house refuse.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the grate of the carbonization incinerator of this house refuse.
In figure, 1, melter;2nd, dual firing chamber;3rd, exhanst gas outlet;4th, material stock storehouse;5th, pyrolysis oven;6th, discharging opening;7th, first push away Bar;8th, grate;9th, the first air outlet;10th, slag notch;11st, aditus laryngis;12nd, the second air outlet;13rd, the second push rod;14th, feed Mouthful;15th, the 3rd air outlet.
Embodiment
The following is specific embodiment of the utility model and with reference to accompanying drawing, further is made to the technical solution of the utility model Description, but the utility model is not limited to these embodiments.
A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse as shown in Figure 1-2, carbonization incinerator fires including melter 1 and two Room 2, dual firing chamber 2 connects located at the top of melter 1 and with melter 1, and the upper end of dual firing chamber 2 is provided with exhanst gas outlet 3, dual firing chamber Material stock storehouse 4 is fixed with 2 madial wall, the lower end in material stock storehouse 4 is provided with pyrolysis oven 5, and pyrolysis oven 5 is connected with material stock storehouse 4, heat The side for solving stove 5 is provided with discharging opening 6, and discharging opening 6 is located at the upper end of melter 1, and the opposite side of pyrolysis oven 5, which is provided with, to be used for rubbish The first push rod 7 released from the discharging opening 6 of pyrolysis oven 5, the bottom of melter 1 is provided with stair-stepping grate 8, the upper end of grate 8 Positioned at the lower section of pyrolysis oven 5, the lower end of grate 8 positioned at the bottom of melter 1 with being connected, and grate 8 is provided with the first air outlet 9, The bottom of melter 1 is provided with slag notch 10.
This carbonization incinerator is provided with retracting device below slag notch 10, when working first, first will be tentatively air-dried House refuse feeding material stock storehouse 4 afterwards, is then ignited and is pyrolyzed as combustibility gas into pyrolysis oven 5 by material stock storehouse 4 And the solid residue based on carbon, when the rubbish in pyrolysis oven 5 is substantially pyrolyzed complete, promotion is arranged on pyrolysis oven First push rod 7 of 5 sides, the rubbish after pyrolysis is released from the discharging opening 6 of pyrolysis oven 5, due to lower end and the heat in material stock storehouse 4 Solution stove 5 is connected, and when the rubbish in pyrolysis oven 5 is in pyrolysis, the rubbish of the lower end of material stock storehouse 4 can be also pyrolyzed in stove 5 just Ignite, allow after the withdrawal of the first push rod 7, the rubbish of the lower end of material stock storehouse 4 enters pyrolysis oven 5, due to part rubbish in the rubbish of pyrolysis It has been ignited, just can be directly pyrolyzed without artificially igniting again in advance;When rubbish uncombusted in pyrolysis oven 5 with And the combustibility gas in being mingled in by the first push rod 7 out of pyrolysis oven 5 when being released, uncombusted rubbish and in being mingled in Combustibility gas and melter 1 in oxygen-containing gas meet further burning, uncombusted rubbish can be in Action of Gravity Field Under drop on the grate 8 being arranged on below pyrolysis oven 5 and rolled from top to bottom along grate 8, be now arranged on grate 8 First air outlet 9 sends into air, promotes uncombusted rubbish further to burn, enables rubbish completely burned off, remaining carbon Slag can roll down to the bottom of melter 1 under gravity, and be discharged from slag notch 10;When house refuse is burnt in melter 1 When, hot-air can be produced, hot-air can heat the material stock storehouse 4 being arranged in dual firing chamber 2 after entering dual firing chamber 2, in material stock storehouse 4 House refuse do further drying process.
In processing procedure, without coal, oil and other any auxiliary fuels, rubbish is fully utilized in this carbonization incinerator The calorific value pyrolysis of itself, energy-conserving and environment-protective, operating cost is low;And by accurately controlling the content of feeding oxygen during pyrolysis, effectively The oxidative synthesis for avoiding dioxins materials, then by smoke removing device the flue gas produced in pyrolysis and combustion process is done into The processing of one step, greatly reduces the pollution to environment in garbage processing procedure;And first it is pyrolyzed, then uncombusted rubbish Further burnt when being rolled on grate 8, the design can not only make house refuse thoroughly be carbonized burning, additionally it is possible to make rubbish It will not be lumpd after burning, be conducive to the later stage to be separated the rubbish after carbonization of burning, the east of metal, masonry, ceramics etc Separated from carbon in west.
Further, aditus laryngis 11 is provided between dual firing chamber 2 and melter 1, aditus laryngis 11 is provided with the discharging with pyrolysis oven 5 The second air outlets 12 that mouth 6 coordinates.
Further, grate 8 is obliquely installed from high to low along pyrolysis oven 5 to the direction of slag notch 10, each on grate 8 Ladder is above one end away from pyrolysis oven 5 close to one end of pyrolysis oven 5, and rubbish or lime-ash are pushed away past by grate 8 provided with multiple Second push rod 13 of next stage ladder.
Further, the first air outlet 9 has multiple, and the second push rod 13 is laterally set, the first air outlet 9 and the second push rod 13 It is disposed on grate 8.
Further, material stock storehouse 4 is vertically arranged in dual firing chamber 2, the lateral wall in material stock storehouse 4 and a surface side of dual firing chamber 2 Wall is overlapped, and the lateral wall of the upper end of material stock storehouse 4 is provided with charging aperture 14.
Further, the 3rd air outlet 15 is provided with exhanst gas outlet 3.
Further, carbonization incinerator also includes drying bed, dries bed and is horizontally through dual firing chamber 2, the upper end in material stock storehouse 4 with The discharge end for drying bed is connected and connected.
Further, drying bed and be provided with is used for the heater to drying the material heating, drying inside bed.
In processing procedure, without coal, oil and other any auxiliary fuels, rubbish is fully utilized in this carbonization incinerator The calorific value pyrolysis of itself, energy-conserving and environment-protective, operating cost is low;And by accurately controlling the content of feeding oxygen during pyrolysis, effectively The oxidative synthesis for avoiding dioxins materials, then by smoke removing device the flue gas produced in pyrolysis and combustion process is done into The processing of one step, greatly reduces the pollution to environment in garbage processing procedure.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the utility model spirit explanation for example.The utility model institute Category those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or using similar to described specific embodiment Mode substitute, but without departing from spirit of the present utility model or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. the carbonization incinerator of a kind of house refuse, it is characterised in that the carbonization incinerator includes melter and two combustions Room, the dual firing chamber connects located at the top of the melter and with the melter, and the upper end of the dual firing chamber is provided with flue gas Material stock storehouse is fixed with outlet, a madial wall of the dual firing chamber, the lower end in the material stock storehouse is provided with pyrolysis oven, the pyrolysis oven Connected with the material stock storehouse, the side of the pyrolysis oven is provided with discharging opening, and the discharging opening is located at the upper end of the melter, institute The opposite side for stating pyrolysis oven is provided with the first push rod for being used for releasing rubbish from the discharging opening of pyrolysis oven, the bottom of the melter Provided with stair-stepping grate, the upper end of the grate is located at the lower section of the pyrolysis oven, and the lower end of the grate is described with being located at The bottom of melter is connected, and the grate is provided with the first air outlet, and the bottom of the melter is provided with slag notch.
2. a kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the dual firing chamber and molten Melt and aditus laryngis is provided between room, the aditus laryngis is provided with the second air outlet coordinated with the discharging opening of the pyrolysis oven.
3. a kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the grate edge Pyrolysis oven is obliquely installed from high to low to slag notch direction, and each ladder on the grate is high close to one end of pyrolysis oven In one end away from pyrolysis oven, the grate is provided with multiple the second push rods that rubbish or lime-ash are pushed away to down step.
4. a kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse according to claim 3, it is characterised in that first air outlet Have multiple, second push rod is laterally set, and first air outlet and second push rod are disposed on the grate.
5. a kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the material stock storehouse It is vertically arranged in the dual firing chamber, the lateral wall in the material stock storehouse is overlapped with a surface side wall of the dual firing chamber, the material stock The lateral wall of storehouse upper end is provided with charging aperture.
6. the carbonization incinerator of a kind of house refuse according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the flue gas goes out The 3rd air outlet is provided with mouthful.
7. the carbonization incinerator of a kind of house refuse according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the carbonization is burnt Burning device also includes drying bed, and the baking bed is horizontally through the dual firing chamber, the upper end in the material stock storehouse and the discharging of the baking bed End is connected and connected.
8. the carbonization incinerator of a kind of house refuse according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the baking bed is provided with For the heater to drying the material heating, drying inside bed.
CN201720119390.3U 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse Active CN206430134U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720119390.3U CN206430134U (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720119390.3U CN206430134U (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206430134U true CN206430134U (en) 2017-08-22

Family

ID=59591584

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720119390.3U Active CN206430134U (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206430134U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108036334A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-15 中广核研究院有限公司 Danger wastes method for innocent treatment and device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108036334A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-15 中广核研究院有限公司 Danger wastes method for innocent treatment and device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103939910B (en) Incinerator
CN105444183B (en) Stoker fired grate formula rubbish list furnace gas CIU and its processing method
CN202350055U (en) Multi-layer multi-segment sludge drying and incinerating integrated furnace
CN101857806A (en) Multi-tube external-heat fume reverse extraction rotary carbide furnace
CN106224974A (en) Waste incineration processing system
CN206430134U (en) A kind of carbonization incinerator of house refuse
CN100432532C (en) Combined incineration treatment method for refuse and special vertical oxygen-enriched continuous incinerator
CN100380049C (en) Incinerator for medical garbage
CN205640877U (en) Modified living beings high temperature gasification boiler combustor
CN2804646Y (en) Medical garbage incinerator
CN105627322B (en) Stoker fired grate formula refuse gasification CIU and its processing method
CN2788032Y (en) High temperature carbonizing refuse incinerator
CN206890524U (en) A kind of harmless processing unit of high temperature garbage gasification
CN205897151U (en) Garbage incinerator
CN106224970B (en) Cavity combustion chamber in stoker fired grate formula refuse gasification CIU and inverted cone-shaped
CN205579578U (en) Middle -size and small -size waste incinerator
CN201737882U (en) Multi-tube external heating type smoke back-extracting rotary carbonization furnace
CN105465792B (en) The circulation air feed system of stoker fired grate formula refuse gasification incinerator
CN105114956B (en) High temperature garbage gasification power generation system
CN207599715U (en) A kind of fire grate and pyrolysis Combined garbage burning facility
CN206556025U (en) Domestic garbage pyrolysis stove
CN211011384U (en) Clean high-temperature co-combustion furnace for treating household garbage
CN202158566U (en) Continuous high-temperature solid waste incinerating kiln system with optimum oxygen for burning
CN107842857A (en) Gasification, and combustion waste incinerator
CN107975804A (en) A kind of fire grate and pyrolysis Combined garbage burning facility

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant