CN104296147A - Environment-friendly garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Environment-friendly garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104296147A
CN104296147A CN201410544006.5A CN201410544006A CN104296147A CN 104296147 A CN104296147 A CN 104296147A CN 201410544006 A CN201410544006 A CN 201410544006A CN 104296147 A CN104296147 A CN 104296147A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
incinerator
environment
sandstone
chimney
oxygen supplying
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410544006.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104296147B (en
Inventor
李而宏
Original Assignee
广西博能生物质能源科技有限公司
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Application filed by 广西博能生物质能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 广西博能生物质能源科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410544006.5A priority Critical patent/CN104296147B/en
Publication of CN104296147A publication Critical patent/CN104296147A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104296147B publication Critical patent/CN104296147B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly garbage incinerator which comprises an incinerator body, an ash discharging port, a hearth, a spray nozzle and a chimney. The incinerator body consists of an incinerator inner container and an incinerator housing, wherein the ash discharging port is formed in the lower portion of the incinerator body, a garbage charging port and the spray nozzle are formed in the upper portion of the incinerator body, a secondary oxygen supply chamber is arranged at the position of the spray nozzle, the spray nozzle is connected with the chimney through a flange, a chimney cover is arranged at the top of the chimney, the inner cavity of the incinerator inner container is the hearth, a grate is arranged at the bottom of the hearth, and an incinerator door is arranged at the lower portion of the hearth. The environment-friendly garbage incinerator is characterized in that an incinerator oxygen supply chamber is arranged in the ash discharging port and communicated with an air pipe, and the secondary oxygen supply chamber is communicated with a secondary oxygen supply pipe. The environment-friendly garbage incinerator has the advantages of being long in service life, capable of producing heat, improving garbage vaporization degree, fully combusting garbage and reducing harmful gas emission.

Description

Environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of incinerator appts, be specially a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove.

Background technology

At present, the various incinerator of China constantly occurs, technology keeps reforming innovation.Published according to " boiler and the boiler room equipment " of December nineteen ninety by China Construction Industry Press's version, and " biomass fuel user's manual " book to be published by Beijing Chemical Industry Press, the structure and the combustion furnace that describe national various boiler in recent years all respectively obtain service condition, these incinerators what raising fuel on-job is fuel value, improve the thermal efficiency, in the saving energy, obtain very large achievement.

But in today of science and technology development, incinerator structure originally and combustion system and environmental-protecting performance meet all far away and do not adapt to the needs of present society.The incinerator complex structure used now and burn insufficient, the tail gas of discharge causes secondary pollution, and incinerator easily burns out incinerator flue because fire box temperature is too high, causes incinerator short for service life.

summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of structure ingenious, make easily, both improve the environmental-protecting performance of incinerator, and extended again the environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove in the service life of incinerator.

Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that

A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, it comprises body of heater, cleaning door, burner hearth, nozzle and chimney, described body of heater is made up of incinerator inner bag and furnace shell, lower portion of furnace body is provided with cleaning door, upper of furnace body is provided with rubbish charge door and nozzle, nozzle place is provided with secondary oxygen supplying chamber, nozzle by Flange joint to chimney, chimney top is provided with Funnel Cover, the inner chamber of incinerator inner bag is burner hearth, burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate, lower furnace portion is provided with fire door, described cleaning door inside is provided with incinerator oxygen supplying chamber, incinerator oxygen supplying chamber is communicated with airduct, described secondary oxygen supplying chamber is communicated with secondary oxygen supplying tube.

Described nozzle is dismantled after chimney can connect the device needing heat energy, and such as connect dryer, heat exchanger etc., the heat utilizing nozzle to spray is dried article, makes full use of the heat energy of incinerator.

Described incinerator inner bag is provided with refractory brick or other refractory material, such as, and the fire-resistant mud layer of rare earth.The fire-resistant mud layer of described rare earth is by rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitrades, can adopt lanthanide rare, as cerium oxide or yittrium oxide; Spread upon incinerator inner bag after mixing with fire clay, adhesive inner, rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitrades, as the effect of the co-catalyst of combustion catalyst, stabilizing agent, dispersant and promoter, can improve efficiency of combustion; Refractory brick of the present invention or other refractory material can prevent incinerator inner bag to be burned because fire box temperature is too high, extend the life-span of incinerator.

Described airduct can be connected air blast with secondary oxygen supplying tube, and object provides more sufficient oxygen in order to incinerator, is more conducive to the burning of rubbish, reduces the discharge of dense smoke.

Described rubbish charge door is provided with rubbish sandstone current divider box and smoke blocking board, and rubbish sandstone current divider box entrance is provided with sandstone screen pack, and sandstone screen pack is provided with sandstone case, and sandstone case offers sandstone clean-up port; Object is to the mud in Environmental-protection garbage, sand be filtered and discharge incinerator, prevents mud, sand wash blocking fire grate, thus affects the use of incinerator.

The beneficial effect of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove of the present invention:

1, adopt refractory material as environment-protecting garbage incinerating furnace internal-lining, environment-protecting garbage incinerating furnace internal-lining arranges refractory brick and can make full use of the heat that environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove burner hearth gives out and carry out preheating to it, can avoid again, because fire box temperature is too high easily the phenomenon that incinerator flue burns out, extending the life-span of incinerator.

2, add secondary oxygen supplying chamber at nozzle and chimney junction, increase the amount of oxygen of nozzle, thus improve the rubbish vaporization degree of incinerator, reduce the secondary pollution that exhaust emissions causes, energy-conserving and environment-protective.

3, the fire-resistant mud layer of rare earth adds rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitrades in fire clay, as the effect of the co-catalyst of combustion catalyst, stabilizing agent, dispersant and promoter, can improve efficiency of combustion.

4, when rubbish is added incinerator, by rubbish sandstone current divider box, the mud in Environmental-protection garbage, sand are filtered and discharges incinerator, prevent mud, sand wash blocking fire grate, affect the use of incinerator.

accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.

Title in figure and sequence number are:

Furnace shell 1, incinerator oxygen supplying chamber 2, cleaning door 3, fire grate 4, fire door 5, burner hearth 6, incinerator inner bag 7, sandstone clean-up port 8, sandstone case 9, sandstone screen pack 10, rubbish sandstone current divider box 11, smoke blocking board 12, rubbish charge door 13, secondary oxygen supplying tube 14, nozzle 15, secondary oxygen supplying chamber 16, flange 17, chimney 18, Funnel Cover 19, air blast 20, airduct 21.

Detailed description of the invention

Introduce the present invention in order to more detailed, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.

As shown in the figure, a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, comprise body of heater, cleaning door 3, burner hearth 6, nozzle 15 and chimney 19, described body of heater is made up of incinerator inner bag 7 and furnace shell 1, lower portion of furnace body is provided with cleaning door 3, upper of furnace body is provided with rubbish charge door 13 and nozzle 15, nozzle 15 place is provided with secondary oxygen supplying chamber 16, nozzle 15 is connected with chimney 18 by flange 17, chimney 18 top is provided with Funnel Cover 19, the inner chamber of incinerator inner bag 7 is burner hearth 6, is provided with fire grate 4 bottom burner hearth 6, and burner hearth 6 bottom is provided with fire door 5.Described cleaning door 3 inside is provided with incinerator oxygen supplying chamber 2, and incinerator oxygen supplying chamber 2 is communicated with airduct 21, and described secondary oxygen supplying chamber 16 is communicated with secondary oxygen supplying tube 14; Described nozzle 15 is dismantled after chimney can connect the device needing heat energy; Described incinerator inner bag 7 is provided with refractory brick or the fire-resistant mud layer of rare earth; Rare earth adopts cerium oxide or yittrium oxide; Described airduct 21 is provided with air blast 20; Described rubbish charge door 13 is provided with rubbish sandstone current divider box 11 and smoke blocking board 12, and rubbish sandstone current divider box 11 entrance is provided with sandstone screen pack 10, and sandstone screen pack 10 is provided with sandstone case 9, and sandstone case 9 offers sandstone clean-up port 8.

application Example

Rural area, Guigang, Guangxi, need to use incinerator in garbage processing procedure, this rural area originally used the incinerator not having waste incineration furnace internal-lining, this incinerator uses 2 years 03 months and just substantially can not use, and rubbish can not be confiscated, the heat utilizing flue to come out burns, produce a lot of smog, contaminated environment, and after this rural area changed environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove of the present invention, employ 3 years 08 months also to stand intact, the refractory brick needing to use is filled with in its incinerator inner chamber, the heat utilizing burner hearth to give out carries out heat vaporized to rubbish, both the burning effect of rubbish had been enhanced, the smog of discharging is few, decrease the secondary pollution because waste incineration produces.

Claims (6)

1. an environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, comprise body of heater, cleaning door (3), burner hearth (6), nozzle (15) and chimney (19), it is characterized in that: described body of heater is made up of incinerator inner bag (7) and furnace shell (1), lower portion of furnace body is provided with cleaning door (3), upper of furnace body is provided with rubbish charge door (13) and nozzle (15), nozzle (15) place is provided with secondary oxygen supplying chamber (16), nozzle (15) is connected to chimney (18) by flange (17), chimney (18) top is provided with Funnel Cover (19), the inner chamber of incinerator inner bag (7) is burner hearth (6), burner hearth (6) bottom is provided with fire grate (4), burner hearth (6) bottom is provided with fire door (5), described cleaning door (3) inside is provided with incinerator oxygen supplying chamber (2), incinerator oxygen supplying chamber (2) is communicated with airduct (21), described secondary oxygen supplying chamber (16) is communicated with secondary oxygen supplying tube (14).
2. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described nozzle (15) is dismantled after chimney (18) can be connected to dryer or heat exchanger.
3. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described incinerator inner bag (7) is provided with refractory brick or the fire-resistant mud layer of rare earth.
4. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described airduct (21) can connect air blast (20).
5. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described secondary oxygen supplying tube (14) can connect air blast (20).
6. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rubbish charge door (13) is provided with rubbish sandstone current divider box (11) and smoke blocking board (12), rubbish sandstone current divider box (11) entrance is provided with sandstone screen pack (10), sandstone screen pack (10) is provided with sandstone case (9), and sandstone case (9) offers sandstone clean-up port (8).
CN201410544006.5A 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 environment-friendly garbage incinerator CN104296147B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410544006.5A CN104296147B (en) 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 environment-friendly garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410544006.5A CN104296147B (en) 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 environment-friendly garbage incinerator

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CN104296147A true CN104296147A (en) 2015-01-21
CN104296147B CN104296147B (en) 2017-01-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106989396A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-07-28 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of refuse burner for handling domestic waste
CN107842854A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-27 王赟 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1396406A (en) * 2002-08-14 2003-02-12 韩连恩 Back-fire gasifier for city garbage
CN2648301Y (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-10-13 王学江 Medical refuse incinerating furnace with environment protection and sterilizing effect
CN101165403A (en) * 2006-10-20 2008-04-23 北京紫光泰和通环保技术有限公司 Vertical daily garbage incinerator
CN202884933U (en) * 2012-09-23 2013-04-17 山东贝特尔环保科技有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN103644562A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 李而宏 Combined type energy-saving biomass fuel boiler

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1396406A (en) * 2002-08-14 2003-02-12 韩连恩 Back-fire gasifier for city garbage
CN2648301Y (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-10-13 王学江 Medical refuse incinerating furnace with environment protection and sterilizing effect
CN101165403A (en) * 2006-10-20 2008-04-23 北京紫光泰和通环保技术有限公司 Vertical daily garbage incinerator
CN202884933U (en) * 2012-09-23 2013-04-17 山东贝特尔环保科技有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN103644562A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 李而宏 Combined type energy-saving biomass fuel boiler

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106989396A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-07-28 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of refuse burner for handling domestic waste
CN106989397A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-07-28 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 Refuse burner
CN106989402A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-07-28 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of refuse burner for handling domestic waste
CN107013917A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-08-04 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 Handle the refuse burner of domestic waste
CN107013919A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-08-04 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of refuse burner
CN107842854A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-27 王赟 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

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Publication number Publication date
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