CN104296147B - environment-friendly garbage incinerator - Google Patents

environment-friendly garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104296147B
CN104296147B CN201410544006.5A CN201410544006A CN104296147B CN 104296147 B CN104296147 B CN 104296147B CN 201410544006 A CN201410544006 A CN 201410544006A CN 104296147 B CN104296147 B CN 104296147B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
incinerator
sandstone
environment
chimney
nozzle
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CN201410544006.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104296147A (en
Inventor
李而宏
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GUANGXI BONENG BIOMASS ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GUANGXI BONENG BIOMASS ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410544006.5A priority Critical patent/CN104296147B/en
Publication of CN104296147A publication Critical patent/CN104296147A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly garbage incinerator which comprises an incinerator body, an ash discharging port, a hearth, a spray nozzle and a chimney. The incinerator body consists of an incinerator inner container and an incinerator housing, wherein the ash discharging port is formed in the lower portion of the incinerator body, a garbage charging port and the spray nozzle are formed in the upper portion of the incinerator body, a secondary oxygen supply chamber is arranged at the position of the spray nozzle, the spray nozzle is connected with the chimney through a flange, a chimney cover is arranged at the top of the chimney, the inner cavity of the incinerator inner container is the hearth, a grate is arranged at the bottom of the hearth, and an incinerator door is arranged at the lower portion of the hearth. The environment-friendly garbage incinerator is characterized in that an incinerator oxygen supply chamber is arranged in the ash discharging port and communicated with an air pipe, and the secondary oxygen supply chamber is communicated with a secondary oxygen supply pipe. The environment-friendly garbage incinerator has the advantages of being long in service life, capable of producing heat, improving garbage vaporization degree, fully combusting garbage and reducing harmful gas emission.

Description

Environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of incinerator apptss, specially a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove.
Background technology
At present, the various incinerator of China continuously emerges, and technology keeps reforming innovation.According to December nineteen ninety by Chinese architecture work " boiler and the boiler room equipment " of industry publishing house version is published, and " the biomass fuel published by Beijing Chemical Industry Press Material user's manual " book, all describe the structure of national in recent years various boiler respectively and combustion furnace obtains service condition, these Incinerator what raising fuel on-job is fuel value, improves the thermal efficiency, obtains very big achievement in terms of save energy.
But the today in the continuous development of science and technology, original burning furnace structure and combustion system and environmental-protecting performance are all remote The remote needs meeting and not adapting to present society.The incinerator complex structure that uses now and burn insufficient, discharges Tail gas cause secondary pollution, and incinerator, easily because too high incinerator flue of fire box temperature burns out, causes incinerator to use the longevity Life is short.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of clever structure, make easily, both improve the environmental-protecting performance of incinerator, and prolonged again Grow the environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove of the service life of incinerator.
The technical scheme is that and be achieved in that:
A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, it includes body of heater, cleaning door, burner hearth, nozzle and chimney, and described body of heater is by burning Furnace internal-lining and furnace shell composition, lower portion of furnace body is provided with cleaning door, and upper of furnace body is provided with rubbish charge door and nozzle, is provided with nozzle Secondary oxygen supplying chamber, nozzle is connected to chimney by flange, and chimney top is provided with Funnel Cover, and the inner chamber burning furnace internal-lining is stove Thorax, burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate, and lower furnace portion is provided with fire door, and described cleaning door is internally provided with incinerator oxygen supplying chamber, burns Shao Lu oxygen supplying chamber is communicated with airduct, and described secondary oxygen supplying chamber is communicated with secondary oxygen supplying tube.
Described nozzle is dismantled and can be connected the device needing heat energy after chimney, for example, connect dehydrator, heat exchanger etc., profit With the heat that nozzle sprays, article are dried, make full use of the heat energy of incinerator.
Described burning furnace internal-lining is provided with refractory brick or other refractory material, for example, rare earth fire resisting mud layer.Described rare earth Fire resisting mud layer is by rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitrate, can adopt lanthanide rare, such as cerium oxide or yittrium oxide;With fire resisting It is applied to after mud, adhesive mixing inside burning furnace internal-lining, rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitrate helping as combustion catalyst The effect of catalyst, stabilizer, dispersant and accelerator, can improve efficiency of combustion;Refractory brick of the present invention or other fire proofed wood Material is prevented from burning furnace internal-lining and is burned because fire box temperature is too high, extends the life-span of incinerator.
Described airduct and secondary oxygen supplying tube can connect aerator, and purpose provides more sufficient oxygen for incinerator, It is more conducive to the burning of rubbish, reduce the discharge of dense smoke.
Described rubbish charge door is provided with rubbish sandstone current divider box and smoke blocking board, and rubbish sandstone shunting tank inlet is provided with sand Stone drainage screen, sandstone drainage screen is provided with sandstone case, and sandstone case offers sandstone clean-up port;Purpose is in order to by Environmental-protection garbage Mud, sand filter discharge incinerator, prevent mud, sand wash blocking fire grate, thus affecting the use of incinerator.
The beneficial effect of the environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove of the present invention:
1st, adopt refractory material as environment-protecting garbage incinerating furnace internal-lining, environment-protecting garbage incinerating furnace internal-lining setting refractory brick can Make full use of the heat that environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove burner hearth gives out it is preheated, be avoided that because of the too high easily handle of fire box temperature again The phenomenon that incinerator flue burns out, extends the life-span of incinerator.
2nd, increased secondary oxygen supplying chamber in nozzle and chimney junction, increasing the amount of oxygen of nozzle, thus improve burning The rubbish vaporization of stove, reduces the secondary pollution that exhaust emissions causes, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
3rd, rare earth fire resisting mud layer adds rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitrate in fire clay, can be used as combustion catalyst Promoter, the effect of stabilizer, dispersant and accelerator, efficiency of combustion can be improved.
4th, when rubbish is added incinerator, by rubbish sandstone current divider box, the mud in Environmental-protection garbage, sand are filtered and discharges Incinerator, prevents mud, sand wash blocking fire grate, the use of impact incinerator.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
The title of in figure and serial number:
Furnace shell 1, incinerator oxygen supplying chamber 2, cleaning door 3, fire grate 4, fire door 5, burner hearth 6, burning furnace internal-lining 7, sandstone clean-up port 8th, sandstone case 9, sandstone drainage screen 10, rubbish sandstone current divider box 11, smoke blocking board 12, rubbish charge door 13, secondary oxygen supplying tube 14, spray Mouth 15, secondary oxygen supplying chamber 16, flange 17, chimney 18, Funnel Cover 19, aerator 20, airduct 21.
Specific embodiment
Introduce the present invention in order to more detailed, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be further described.
As illustrated, a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, including body of heater, cleaning door 3, burner hearth 6, nozzle 15 and chimney 19, institute By burning furnace internal-lining 7 and furnace shell 1 forms, lower portion of furnace body is provided with cleaning door 3 to the body of heater stated, and upper of furnace body is provided with rubbish charge door 13 and nozzle 15, it is provided with secondary oxygen supplying chamber 16 at nozzle 15, nozzle 15 is connected with chimney 18 by flange 17, chimney 18 top sets It is equipped with Funnel Cover 19, the inner chamber burning furnace internal-lining 7 is burner hearth 6, and burner hearth 6 bottom is provided with fire grate 4, and burner hearth 6 bottom is provided with stove Door 5.Described cleaning door 3 is internally provided with incinerator oxygen supplying chamber 2, and incinerator oxygen supplying chamber 2 is communicated with airduct 21, described secondary confession Oxygen room 16 is communicated with secondary oxygen supplying tube 14;Described nozzle 15 dismantles can connect after chimney needs the device of heat energy;Described burns Burn furnace internal-lining 7 and be provided with refractory brick or rare earth fire resisting mud layer;Rare earth adopts cerium oxide or yittrium oxide;Described airduct 21 is provided with drum Blower fan 20;Described rubbish charge door 13 is provided with rubbish sandstone current divider box 11 and smoke blocking board 12, and rubbish sandstone current divider box 11 enters Mouth is provided with sandstone drainage screen 10, and sandstone drainage screen 10 is provided with sandstone case 9, and sandstone case 9 offers sandstone clean-up port 8.
Application Example
Guangxi Guigang rural area, needs to use incinerator, this rural area originally used not to be had in garbage processing procedure The incinerator of waste incineration furnace internal-lining, this incinerator just can not be used substantially using 2 years 03 months, and rubbish can not be confiscated Burnt using the heat that flue comes out, produced a lot of smog, pollute environment, and the ring of the present invention has been changed in this rural area Protect waste incineration furnace rear, employ 3 years 08 months also excellent, its burn furnace chamber in be filled with need use resistance to Firebrick, carries out heating vaporization using the heat that burner hearth gives out, had both enhanced the burning effect of rubbish, the smog of discharge to rubbish Few, decrease the secondary pollution producing because of waste incineration.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, including body of heater, cleaning door (3), burner hearth (6), nozzle (15) and chimney (19), its feature It is: by burning furnace internal-lining (7) and furnace shell (1) forms, lower portion of furnace body is provided with cleaning door (3), upper of furnace body to described body of heater It is provided with rubbish charge door (13) and nozzle (15), nozzle (15) place is provided with secondary oxygen supplying chamber (16), nozzle (15) passes through flange (17) it is connected to chimney (18), chimney (18) top is provided with Funnel Cover (19), the inner chamber burning furnace internal-lining (7) is burner hearth (6), Burner hearth (6) bottom is provided with fire grate (4), and burner hearth (6) bottom is provided with fire door (5), and described cleaning door (3) is internally provided with burning Stove oxygen supplying chamber (2), incinerator oxygen supplying chamber (2) is communicated with airduct (21), and described secondary oxygen supplying chamber (16) is communicated with secondary oxygen supply Pipe (14);
Described burning furnace internal-lining (7) is provided with rare earth fire resisting mud layer;Rare earth fire resisting mud layer adds rare-earth oxidation ore deposit or rare earth nitric acid Salt, can be used as the effect of the promoter of combustion catalyst, stabilizer, dispersant and accelerator, Ke Yiti in fire clay High burning efficiency;
Described rubbish charge door (13) is provided with rubbish sandstone current divider box (11) and smoke blocking board (12), rubbish sandstone current divider box (11) entrance is provided with sandstone drainage screen (10), and sandstone drainage screen (10) is provided with sandstone case (9), and sandstone case (9) offers sandstone Clean-up port (8).
2. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described nozzle (15) is dismantled chimney (18) After can connect to dehydrator or heat exchanger.
3. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described airduct (21) can connect air blast Machine (20).
4. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described secondary oxygen supplying tube (14) can connect Connect aerator (20).
CN201410544006.5A 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 environment-friendly garbage incinerator Active CN104296147B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410544006.5A CN104296147B (en) 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 environment-friendly garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410544006.5A CN104296147B (en) 2014-10-15 2014-10-15 environment-friendly garbage incinerator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104296147A CN104296147A (en) 2015-01-21
CN104296147B true CN104296147B (en) 2017-01-25

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106989396A (en) * 2015-02-21 2017-07-28 乐清市风杰电子科技有限公司 A kind of refuse burner for handling domestic waste
CN107842854A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-27 王赟 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1396406A (en) * 2002-08-14 2003-02-12 韩连恩 Back-fire gasifier for city garbage
CN2648301Y (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-10-13 王学江 Medical refuse incinerating furnace with environment protection and sterilizing effect
CN101165403B (en) * 2006-10-20 2010-05-26 北京紫光泰和通环保技术有限公司 Vertical daily garbage incinerator
CN202884933U (en) * 2012-09-23 2013-04-17 山东贝特尔环保科技有限公司 Garbage incinerator
CN103644562A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-19 李而宏 Combined type energy-saving biomass fuel boiler

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