CN207394849U - A kind of combined type incinerator - Google Patents

A kind of combined type incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207394849U
CN207394849U CN201721264163.6U CN201721264163U CN207394849U CN 207394849 U CN207394849 U CN 207394849U CN 201721264163 U CN201721264163 U CN 201721264163U CN 207394849 U CN207394849 U CN 207394849U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
incineration
denitration
burner hearth
combined type
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CN201721264163.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔彦斌
王小婷
毕晓庆
王燕
李宁
强艳妮
王平
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Shaanxi Zhaoming Environmental Technology Co., Ltd
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Xi'an Mountain Environmental Protection Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721264163.6U priority Critical patent/CN207394849U/en
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of combined type incinerators, and including incinerator, the incinerator includes incineration section, the dedusting ash discharge section being connected with incineration section bottom, the temperature adjustment denitration section for being arranged on incineration section peripheral wall and being connected with the burner hearth of incineration section;The top of the incineration section is equipped with the gas flare of processing exhaust gas, the junction of the gas flare and incineration section is provided with waste liquid injector, the utility model first passes through gas flare mixing multiple gases, it will be burned in burner hearth of the multiple gases with injecting incinerator after the waste liquid preheating after atomizer is atomized together, the flue gas generated after burning is first again by the denitration liquid denitration after being atomized after dedusting tracery wall dedusting, finally enter vent gas treatment section from exhanst gas outlet, therefore, the integrated incinerator of the utility model is simple in structure, it burns thorough, it is easy to operate, it is reliable.

Description

A kind of combined type incinerator
Technical field
The utility model belongs to offal treatment field, and in particular to a kind of combined type incinerator.
Background technology
With the fast development of China's economy, the popularization of the prosperity and medical system of industrial agricultural production generates big The solid waste such as clinical waste, hazardous waste, house refuse, organic biomass, the sludge of amount cause environment serious Pollution.
Waste incineration is that a kind of clean solid, liquid body discarded object is innoxious, minimizing treatment process technology.It is well known that If the high-temperature flue gas after useless solid and liquid waste incineration is directly arranged to air, environmental pollution is very big, can not meet energy-saving and environment-friendly It is required that.
Waste is potential resource, and in incineration of waste disposal system, the recycling of flue gas heat is also particularly significant.For Flue gas heat is made not cause the waste of the energy, it is desirable that select suitable waste heat recycle method, and combine using maximizing Process needs to provide heat source.
Therefore, there is an urgent need for a kind of incinerators that burning is carried out at the same time to solid liquid waste.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of combined type incinerator. The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of combined type incinerator, including incinerator, the incinerator includes incineration section, is connected with incineration section bottom Dedusting ash discharge section, the temperature adjustment denitration section for being arranged on incineration section peripheral wall and being connected with the burner hearth of incineration section;The top of the incineration section The junction of gas flare equipped with processing exhaust gas, the gas flare and incineration section is provided with waste liquid injector.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the gas flare is mixed for more gases combusts burner, described More gases mix each gas casing coaxial arrangement for combusting burner, and the outlet of casing is provided with swirler, which is used for will be each Gas mixing is uniform.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the outlet of the burner is additionally provided with precombustion chamber.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the waste liquid injector be located at the precombustion chamber of gas flare with At the necking that the burner hearth of the incineration section is connected.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the furnace wall of the incineration section from the inside to the outside successively by flame retardant coating, Air-cooled folder wall layer, heat preservation heat insulation layer, casing play composition.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the inner cavity of the air-cooled folder wall layer is equipped with can augmentation of heat transfer effect Several inner fins, the inner fin is close to the inner wall equidistant tandem distribution of flame retardant coating.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is provided with to adsorb cigarette in the burner hearth of the dedusting ash discharge section The dedusting tracery wall of flue dust and salt in gas, dust stratification of the dedusting tracery wall through fuel gas pulse ash blower device purging dedusting tracery wall are described The furnace wall of fuel gas pulse ash blower device through dedusting ash discharge section enters in burner hearth;
The burner hearth bottom of the dedusting ash discharge section is equipped with the dreg chamber convenient for clinker cleaning.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the peripheral wall of the temperature adjustment denitration section is equipped with what is communicated with burner hearth Tempering air entrance injects air quantity into burner hearth by tempering air entrance, fire box temperature is adjusted;
Denitration spray gun is additionally provided in the temperature adjustment denitration section, is penetrated on the outside of the denitration spray gun self-temperature-regulating denitration section in burner hearth Denitration is carried out to flue gas.
As a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the end of the temperature adjustment denitration section is equipped with the cigarette for flue gas outflow Gas exports.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The utility model first passes through gas flare mixing multiple gases, by multiple gases and giving up after atomizer is atomized Inject in the burner hearth of incinerator and burned together after liquid preheating, the flue gas generated after burning first after dedusting tracery wall dedusting again by Denitration liquid denitration after atomization, finally enters vent gas treatment section from exhanst gas outlet, and therefore, the utility model is integrated to burn dress Put it is simple in structure, burn it is thorough, easy to operate, reliable.
The utility model is described in further details below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of combined type incinerator.
Fig. 2 is the protecting wall structure schematic diagram of incinerator.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of dedusting tracery wall.
In figure:101. gas flare;102. waste liquid injector;103. air-cooled folder wall layer entrance;104. air-cooled folder wall layer Outlet;105. tempering air entrance;106. denitration ejector;107. exhanst gas outlet;108. dreg chamber;109. dedusting tracery wall; 110. fuel gas pulse ash blower device;1. casing play;2. keep the temperature heat insulation layer;3. air-cooled folder wall layer;31. inner fin;4. flame retardant coating.
Specific embodiment
For the technological means and effect that the utility model is reached predetermined purpose and taken is expanded on further, below in conjunction with attached drawing And embodiment, to specific embodiment of the present utility model, structure feature and its effect, detailed description are as follows.
Mitigation environmental pollution during in order to solve the problems, such as offal treatment present embodiments provides a kind of combined type and burns Burn device, the dedusting ash discharge section being connected including incineration section, with incineration section bottom, be arranged on incineration section peripheral wall and with the stove of incineration section The temperature adjustment denitration section of thorax connection;The top of incineration section is equipped with the gas flare 101 of processing exhaust gas, preferably gas flare 101 It is mixed for more gases and combusts burner, more gases mix each gas casing coaxial arrangement for combusting burner, and the outlet of casing is provided with vortex Device, the swirler are used for each gas mixing is uniform.Gas flare 101 and the junction of incineration section are provided with waste liquid injector 102;The end of the temperature adjustment denitration section of the present embodiment is equipped with the exhanst gas outlet 107 for flue gas outflow.
In order to make the full combustion of gas in gas flare 101 and the waste liquid after preheating atomization, the combustion of the present embodiment The outlet of burner is additionally provided with precombustion chamber.It is preferred that the waste liquid injector 102 of the present embodiment is arranged on the pre- of gas flare 101 At the necking that combustion room is connected with the burner hearth of incineration section.
The incinerator of the present embodiment for vertical section with horizontal section of combining structure, wherein vertical section be provided with waste water feeding port, Gas burner interface sees fiery visor and pressure and temp takes source casing, for feeding intake, gas-liquid mixed and oxygen-enriched combusting;It is horizontal Section is provided with auxiliary air entrance, is adjusted for second-time burning and temperature, and the burning of useless Organic substance in water is made fully to develop and have Effect inhibits the generation of thermal NO.
Technology waste gas when in use, is first collected to double film gas storage holders, and keeps certain pressure by the device of the present embodiment (10~20KPa), various gases input gas flare 101 is burned, by incinerator baker to 900~1000 DEG C, work Skill water reuse low-pressure steam(2~3bar)It is sprayed into after being atomized by double-current spray gun body and burns burner hearth, fully fired in incinerator It burns and decomposes.
It may be noted that mode of the temperature in the present embodiment control burner hearth in the range of 900~1000 DEG C is:Temperature adjustment denitration section Peripheral wall be equipped with the tempering air entrance 105 that is communicated with burner hearth, air quantity is injected into burner hearth by tempering air entrance 105, Fire box temperature is adjusted.
The present embodiment has also carried out denitration process to the flue gas after burning, and the technological means used is:In temperature adjustment denitration Section is equipped with denitration spray gun, is penetrated on the outside of the denitration spray gun self-temperature-regulating denitration section in burner hearth and carries out denitration to flue gas.
In order to which by the control of the fire box temperature of incinerator, in certain temperature range, the furnace wall of the incineration section of the present embodiment is from interior To being made of successively flame retardant coating 4, air-cooled folder wall layer 3, heat preservation heat insulation layer 2, casing play 1 outside;In order to reach heat-transfer effect, this implementation Example air-cooled folder wall layer 3 inner cavity be equipped with can augmentation of heat transfer effect several inner fins 31, the inner fin 31 is close to flame retardant coating 4 The distribution of inner wall equidistant tandem.The present embodiment sets air-cooled 3 entrance 103 of folder wall layer and air-cooled folder wall on the furnace wall of incinerator 3 outlet 104 of layer.
In order to reduce burn after dust in flue gas, the present embodiment is also provided with to inhale in the burner hearth of dedusting ash discharge section The dedusting tracery wall 109 of flue dust and salt in attached flue gas, dedusting tracery wall 109 purge dedusting tracery wall 109 through fuel gas pulse ash blower device 110 Dust stratification, fuel gas pulse ash blower device 110 enters through the furnace wall of dedusting ash discharge section in burner hearth;The burner hearth bottom of dedusting ash discharge section is set There is the dreg chamber 108 convenient for clinker cleaning.
The function of the present embodiment each several part is described one by one below:
Gas flare 101 is arranged at the top of incinerator, for treatment process exhaust gas and baker;
Waste liquid injector 102 is arranged at the necking that 101 precombustion chamber of gas flare is connected with incineration section burner hearth, according to Different liquid waste processing amounts determines injector quantity, ring-like uniformly distributed arrangement;Incineration section burner hearth wall surface is made of four-layer structure, by interior It is respectively outwards flame retardant coating 4, air-cooled folder wall layer 3, heat preservation heat insulation layer 2 and steel construction;It is disposed in sedimentation dedusting ash discharge section burner hearth Refractory brick tracery wall, for adsorbing flue dust and salt in flue gas.Fuel gas pulse ash blower device 110 judges to spend according to the numerical value of furnace bottom pressure Wall dust stratification degree, periodically turns on purging tracery wall.Burner hearth bottom is disposed with dreg chamber 108, periodically turns on cleanout door cleaning clinker;It adjusts Warm denitration section burner hearth is disposed with tempering air entrance 105 and denitration spray gun;Waste liquid injector 102 is mixed shape in compressed air atomization Formula, compressed air pressure are 2~3bar;Air-cooled folder wall layer 3 is provided with inner fin 31, and 4 side of flame retardant coating is leaned in arrangement air-cooling folder wall, It can augmentation of heat transfer effect;Tempering air carries out air quantity adjustment according to fire box temperature, and it is 900~1100 to keep this section of fire box temperature DEG C, to be suitble to the technological temperature window of SNCR denitration.To mix form in compressed air atomization, compressed air pressure is denitration spray gun 3~4bar.
The present embodiment first passes through gas flare 101 and mixes multiple gases, by multiple gases and after atomizer is atomized It injects in the burner hearth of incinerator and is burned together after waste liquid preheating, the flue gas generated after burning is first through 109 dedusting of dedusting tracery wall Vent gas treatment section is finally entered from exhanst gas outlet 107 by the denitration liquid denitration after being atomized again afterwards, therefore, the present embodiment integration Incinerator it is simple in structure, burn it is thorough, easy to operate, reliable.
The above content is combine specific preferred embodiment further detailed description of the utility model, it is impossible to Assert that the specific implementation of the utility model is confined to these explanations.For the ordinary skill of the utility model technical field For personnel, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, several simple deduction or replace can also be made, should all be regarded To belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of combined type incinerator, including incinerator, which is characterized in that the incinerator includes incineration section and incineration section The dedusting ash discharge section of bottom connection, the temperature adjustment denitration section for being arranged on incineration section peripheral wall and being connected with the burner hearth of incineration section;It is described to burn The top for burning section is equipped with the gas flare of processing exhaust gas(101), the gas flare(101)It is set with the junction of incineration section It is equipped with waste liquid injector(102).
2. combined type incinerator as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the gas flare(101)For more gases It mixes and combusts burner, more gases mix each gas casing coaxial arrangement for combusting burner, and the outlet of casing is provided with swirler, should Swirler is used for each gas mixing is uniform.
3. combined type incinerator as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the outlet of the burner is additionally provided with Precombustion chamber.
4. combined type incinerator as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the waste liquid injector(102)Positioned at exhaust gas Burner(101)The necking that is connected with the burner hearth of the incineration section of precombustion chamber at.
5. combined type incinerator as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the furnace wall of the incineration section is from the inside to the outside successively By flame retardant coating(4), it is air-cooled folder wall layer(3), heat preservation heat insulation layer(2), casing play(1)Composition.
6. combined type incinerator as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the air-cooled folder wall layer(3)Inner cavity be equipped with Can augmentation of heat transfer effect several inner fins(31), the inner fin(31)Close to flame retardant coating(4)Inner wall equidistant tandem point Cloth.
7. combined type incinerator as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided in the burner hearth of the dedusting ash discharge section For adsorbing the dedusting tracery wall of flue dust and salt in flue gas(109), the dedusting tracery wall(109)Through fuel gas pulse ash blower device (110)Purge dedusting tracery wall(109)Dust stratification, the fuel gas pulse ash blower device(110)Enter through the furnace wall of dedusting ash discharge section In burner hearth;
The burner hearth bottom of the dedusting ash discharge section is equipped with the dreg chamber convenient for clinker cleaning(108).
8. combined type incinerator as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the peripheral wall of the temperature adjustment denitration section be equipped with The tempering air entrance that burner hearth communicates(105), pass through tempering air entrance(105)Air quantity is injected into burner hearth, to fire box temperature It is adjusted;
Denitration spray gun is additionally provided in the temperature adjustment denitration section, is penetrated on the outside of the denitration spray gun self-temperature-regulating denitration section in burner hearth to cigarette Gas carries out denitration.
9. the combined type incinerator as described in claim 1 or 8, which is characterized in that the end of the temperature adjustment denitration section is equipped with For the exhanst gas outlet of flue gas outflow(107).
CN201721264163.6U 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A kind of combined type incinerator Active CN207394849U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721264163.6U CN207394849U (en) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A kind of combined type incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721264163.6U CN207394849U (en) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A kind of combined type incinerator

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110486717A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-22 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 It is a kind of to mix the CFB boiler system for burning waste gas and waste liquid

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110486717A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-22 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 It is a kind of to mix the CFB boiler system for burning waste gas and waste liquid

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Bi Xiaoqing

Inventor before: Cui Yanbin

Inventor before: Wang Xiaoting

Inventor before: Bi Xiaoqing

Inventor before: Wang Yan

Inventor before: Li Ning

Inventor before: Qiang Yanni

Inventor before: Wang Ping

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191224

Address after: Room 0904, floor 09, unit 1, building 4, Baihe garden, south side of the west section of Afang Fourth Road, Sanqiao Town, Fengdong new town, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province

Patentee after: Shaanxi Zhaoming Environmental Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 710000 W5536, port 9, international port area, Xi'an, Shaanxi

Patentee before: Xi'an mountain environmental protection science and Technology Co Ltd

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
TR01 Transfer of patent right