CN107842854A - A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove - Google Patents

A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107842854A
CN107842854A CN201711041610.6A CN201711041610A CN107842854A CN 107842854 A CN107842854 A CN 107842854A CN 201711041610 A CN201711041610 A CN 201711041610A CN 107842854 A CN107842854 A CN 107842854A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
pipe
heater
communicated
purifying box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201711041610.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王赟
Original Assignee
王赟
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王赟 filed Critical 王赟
Priority to CN201711041610.6A priority Critical patent/CN107842854A/en
Publication of CN107842854A publication Critical patent/CN107842854A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, including body of heater, feeding cylinder, purifying box and feed hopper;Horizontal rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the right-hand member of the screw auger, several horizontally arranged connecting rods are fixed with rotating shaft, scraper plate is fixed with the end of connecting rod, the switch-plate of several annular arrays is additionally provided with rotating shaft;Blowing cover is provided with the body of heater of water tank face, the second blower fan is communicated with blowing cover;Smoke pipe is passed into purifying box;Middle part in the purifying box is vertically fixed dividing plate;Branch pipe is communicated with the side wall of pipe.The present invention is rotated by motor driven screw auger, and the rubbish for making to enter in feeding cylinder conveys into body of heater, makes rubbish uniform feeding, ensures the stability burned;Rotating shaft simultaneously follows screw auger to rotate, and switch-plate thereon pushes the rubbish of inside aside, it is uniformly paved to being burnt on fire grate, scraper plate scoops up the rubbish of bottom, makes incineration firing abundant.

Description

A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental protection equipment, specifically a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove.
Background technology
At present, rubbish is caused solid waste in mankind's daily life and production, because discharge rate is big, complicated component It is various, and with contaminative, resource and it is social, it is necessary to innoxious, recycling, minimizing and socialization processing, such as can not Deal carefully with, just pollute the environment, influence environmental sanitation, waste of resource, destroy production and living safety, destroy social harmony.Rubbish Rubbish processing seeks to a rubbish and removed rapidly, and carries out harmless treatment, is finally reasonably utilized.It is current wide variety of Waste disposal method is sanitary landfills, During High-Temperature Composting and burning.The purpose of garbage disposal is innoxious, recycling and minimizing.
But existing waste incinerator, in use there is in place of some shortcomings, first, it does not all have mostly Waste gas after waste incineration is purified, but is directly discharged into air, it is more serious to atmosphere pollution;Secondly, rubbish is burning Accumulate more during burning, insufficient with air contact, morning, combustion by-products were more, and noxious material produces, and endangers air-safety.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, is asked with solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology Topic.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, including body of heater, feeding cylinder, purifying box and feed hopper;The horizontal connection of the feeding cylinder is in stove The middle part of body, motor is installed with the end of feeding cylinder, the output shaft of motor is horizontally extended into feeding cylinder, is being fed Feed hopper is communicated with cylinder, motor driven screw auger conveys rubbish into body of heater;It is fixed on the right-hand member of the screw auger The center overlapping of axles of horizontal rotating shaft, rotating shaft and screw auger is connected with, rotating shaft and screw auger synchronous axial system, shaft end lead to Bearing is crossed on the body of heater, is fixed with several horizontally arranged connecting rods in rotating shaft, connecting rod vertically and rotating shaft, in connecting rod Scraper plate is fixed with end, the switch-plate of several annular arrays is additionally provided with rotating shaft, switch-plate is welded in rotating shaft, is dialled Flitch follows axis of rotation;Cinder catcher is provided with below the fire grate, the first blower fan is communicated with cinder catcher;The stove Water tank is provided with internal side wall, blowing cover is provided with the body of heater of water tank face, blowing cover is hollow structure, its upper end Several blowing mouths are offered, the second blower fan is communicated with blowing cover;The top sealing of the body of heater is communicated with exhaust fume collecting hood, collects cigarette Smoke pipe is connected on cover, smoke pipe is passed into purifying box, and booster pump is also equipped with smoke pipe;Erect at middle part in the purifying box Directly it is fixed with dividing plate;The bottom of the purifying box is communicated with blow-off pipe, and top is communicated with feed tube;Connect at the top of the purifying box Vertical pipe is connected with, branch pipe is communicated with the side wall of pipe, at least provided with two, the diameter of branch pipe is less than branch pipe The diameter of smoke pipe, end are tilted upward, and some fin are provided with the end outer wall of branch pipe, quick to cool down the upper of branch pipe End, falls back in purifying box after making the water condensation of high temperature evaporation.
Further:With the distance between fire grate it is 10~30mm when the scraper plate is located at bottom.
Further:The side wall of the cinder catcher offers shoot door, is stamped closure thereon.
Further:Connection water inlet pipe and outlet pipe in the water tank.
Further:The distance between lower end and bottom of the dividing plate are 0.1~0.2m.
Further:Liquid is filled with the purifying box, liquid is water or the mixed liquor for dissolving pernicious gas.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention rotated by motor driven screw auger, make into The rubbish entered in feeding cylinder conveys into body of heater, makes rubbish uniform feeding, ensures the stability burned;Rotating shaft simultaneously follows spiral Auger rotates, and switch-plate thereon pushes the rubbish of inside aside, it is uniformly paved to being burnt on fire grate, and scraper plate is the bottom of by The rubbish in portion scoops up, and makes incineration firing abundant, and flue gas caused by burning is passed through air again at the position of water tank, makes not complete The rubbish or gas to burn entirely fully burns with air contact;Flue gas is passed into purifying box from smoke pipe caused by burning, and net Change the liquid contact in case, absorbed heat by the liquid of inside, and remove toxic gas, ensure the flue gas safety and environmental protection of discharge, branch On the end of pipe can quick heat radiating, make its terminal temperature low, the steam of high temperature evaporation is liquefied as drop to the cold, along branch pipe with And smoke pipe is fallen back in purifying box, the loss of internal liquid is reduced.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove.
Fig. 2 is a kind of side structure schematic view of rotating shaft in environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove
In figure:1- bodies of heater, 2- feeding cylinders, 3- purifying boxs, 4- feed hoppers, 5- motors, 6- screw augers, 7- rotating shafts, 8- switch-plates, 9- connecting rods, 10- scraper plates, 11- fire grates, 12- cinder catchers, the blower fans of 13- first, 14- shoot doors, 15- water tanks, the blower fans of 16- second, 17- blowing covers, 18- exhaust fume collecting hoods, 19- smoke pipes, 20- booster pumps, 21- dividing plates, 22- blow-off pipes, 23- feed tubes, 24- pipes, 25- branch pipes, 26- fin.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to figure, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, including body of heater 1, feeding cylinder 2, purifying box 3 With feed hopper 4;The feeding cylinder 2 is horizontal to be connected at the middle part of body of heater 1, and motor 5 is installed with the end of feeding cylinder 2, The output shaft of motor 5 is horizontally extended into feeding cylinder 2, and feed hopper 4 is communicated with feeding cylinder 2, and motor 5 drives screw auger 6 Rubbish is conveyed into body of heater 1;Horizontal rotating shaft 7 is fixedly connected with the right-hand member of the screw auger 6, rotating shaft 7 twists with spiral The center overlapping of axles of dragon 6, making rotating shaft 7 and the synchronous axial system of screw auger 6, the end of rotating shaft 7 is arranged on body of heater 1 by bearing, Several horizontally arranged connecting rods 9 are fixed with rotating shaft 7, with rotating shaft 7, scraper plate vertically is fixed with the end of connecting rod 9 for connecting rod 9 10, with the distance between fire grate 11 it is 10~30mm when scraper plate 10 is located at bottom, is rotated by rotating shaft 7, make the lower end of connecting rod 9 Scraper plate 10 rubbish on fire grate 11 is swept, make it abundant with air contact, be easy to burn, be additionally provided with rotating shaft 7 The switch-plate 8 of several annular arrays, switch-plate 8 are welded in rotating shaft 7, and switch-plate 8 follows rotating shaft 7 to rotate, by body of heater 1 Rubbish is pushed aside, is easy to feed;The lower section of the fire grate 11 is provided with cinder catcher 12, and the side wall of cinder catcher 12 offers shoot door 14, closure is stamped thereon, and the first blower fan 13 is communicated with cinder catcher 12, air is blasted into body of heater 1, is easy to rubbish to fire Burn;Water tank 15 is provided with side wall in the body of heater 1, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe are connected in water tank 15, using caused by burning Heat, blowing cover 17 is provided with the body of heater 1 of the face of water tank 15, blowing cover 17 is hollow structure, and its upper end offers some Individual blowing mouth, blowing is covered is communicated with the second blower fan 16 on 17, is passed through air into blowing cover 17 by the second blower fan 16, makes body of heater Also air can be passed through in 1 center, so that imperfect combustion rubbish or gas fully burns with air contact;The stove The top sealing of body 1 is communicated with exhaust fume collecting hood 18, connects smoke pipe 19 on exhaust fume collecting hood 18, smoke pipe 19 is passed into purifying box 3, in smoke pipe Booster pump 20 is also equipped with 19, increase enters the pressure of air in purifying box 3;Middle part in the purifying box 3 is vertical It is 0.1~0.2m to be fixed with the distance between dividing plate 21, the lower end and bottom of dividing plate 21, and liquid, liquid are filled with purifying box 3 Body is water or the mixed liquor for dissolving pernicious gas, is reacted with the noxious material in flue gas, removes toxic gas therein, ensures row The flue gas safety gone out;The bottom of the purifying box 3 is communicated with blow-off pipe 22, and top is communicated with feed tube 23;The purifying box 3 Top is communicated with vertical pipe 24, and branch pipe 25 is communicated with the side wall of pipe 24, and branch pipe 25 is at least provided with two, branch The diameter of pipe 25 is less than the diameter of pipe 24, and end is tilted upward, and some radiatings are provided with the end outer wall of branch pipe 25 Piece 26, the quick upper end for cooling down branch pipe 25, falls back in purifying box 3 after making the water condensation of high temperature evaporation, reduces internal liquid It is lost in.
Incinerator loads from feed hopper 4 when in use, by rubbish, and motor 5 drives screw auger 6 to rotate, and makes to enter charging Rubbish in cylinder 2 conveys into body of heater 1, makes rubbish uniform feeding, ensures the stability burned;The rubbish entered in body of heater 1, Burnt on fire grate 11, while rotating shaft 7 follows screw auger 6 to rotate, switch-plate 8 thereon pushes the rubbish of inside aside, makes It uniformly paves to being burnt on fire grate 11, and scraper plate 10 scoops up the rubbish of bottom, makes incineration firing abundant, the collection of bottom Air is blown upwards in grey chamber 12, makes guarantee incineration firing, and flue gas caused by burning is passed through sky again at the position of water tank 15 Gas, imperfect combustion rubbish or gas is set fully to be burnt with air contact;Flue gas caused by burning is passed into only from smoke pipe 19 Change in case 3, contacted with the liquid in purifying box 3, absorbed heat by the liquid of inside, and remove toxic gas, ensure the cigarette of discharge Gas safety and environmental protection, on the end of branch pipe 25 can quick heat radiating, make its terminal temperature low, the steam of high temperature evaporation is liquefied as to the cold Drop, fallen back to along branch pipe 25 and smoke pipe 24 in purifying box 3.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It is appreciated that other embodiment.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove, including body of heater(1), feeding cylinder(2), purifying box(3)And feed hopper(4);Its feature exists In:The feeding cylinder(2)Level connection is in body of heater(1)Middle part, in feeding cylinder(2)End on be installed with motor(5), Motor(5)Output shaft horizontally extend into feeding cylinder(2)It is interior, in feeding cylinder(2)On be communicated with feed hopper(4), motor(5)Drive Screw auger(6)By rubbish to body of heater(1)Interior conveying;The screw auger(6)Right-hand member on be fixedly connected with horizontal rotating shaft (7), rotating shaft(7)With screw auger(6)Center overlapping of axles, rotating shaft(7)With screw auger(6)Synchronous axial system, rotating shaft(7)End Body of heater is arranged on by bearing(1)On, in rotating shaft(7)On be fixed with several horizontally arranged connecting rods(9), connecting rod(9)Vertically With rotating shaft(7), in connecting rod(9)End on be fixed with scraper plate(10), in rotating shaft(7)On be additionally provided with several annular arrays Switch-plate(8), switch-plate(8)It is welded on rotating shaft(7)On, switch-plate(8)Follow rotating shaft(7)Rotate;The fire grate(11)'s Lower section is provided with cinder catcher(12), in cinder catcher(12)Inside it is communicated with the first blower fan(13);The body of heater(1)Set in interior side wall It is equipped with water tank(15), in water tank(15)The body of heater of face(1)Inside it is provided with blowing cover(17), blowing cover(17)For hollow structure, Its upper end offers several blowing mouths, blowing cover(17)On be communicated with the second blower fan(16);The body of heater(1)Top sealing It is communicated with exhaust fume collecting hood(18), exhaust fume collecting hood(18)Upper connection smoke pipe(19), smoke pipe(19)It is passed into purifying box(3)It is interior, in smoke pipe (19)On be also equipped with booster pump(20);In the purifying box(3)Interior middle part is vertically fixed dividing plate(21);The purifying box (3)Bottom be communicated with blow-off pipe(22), top is communicated with feed tube(23);The purifying box(3)Top be communicated with vertically Pipe(24), pipe(24)Side wall on be communicated with branch pipe(25), branch pipe(25)At least provided with two, branch pipe(25) Diameter be less than pipe(24)Diameter, end tilts upward, in branch pipe(25)End outer wall on be provided with some radiatings Piece(26), quickly cool down branch pipe(25)Upper end, fall back to purifying box after making the water condensation of high temperature evaporation(3)It is interior.
A kind of 2. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The scraper plate(10)Positioned at bottom When and fire grate(11)The distance between be 10~30mm.
A kind of 3. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cinder catcher(12)Side wall open Provided with shoot door(14), closure is stamped thereon.
A kind of 4. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water tank(15)Interior connection water inlet Pipe and outlet pipe.
A kind of 5. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The dividing plate(21)Lower end and bottom The distance between portion is 0.1~0.2m.
A kind of 6. environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The purifying box(3)Inside it is filled with Liquid, liquid are water or the mixed liquor for dissolving pernicious gas.
CN201711041610.6A 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove Withdrawn CN107842854A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711041610.6A CN107842854A (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711041610.6A CN107842854A (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107842854A true CN107842854A (en) 2018-03-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711041610.6A Withdrawn CN107842854A (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107842854A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003322320A (en) * 2002-05-02 2003-11-14 Jfe Engineering Kk Waste incinerator
CN104296147A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 广西博能生物质能源科技有限公司 Environment-friendly garbage incinerator
CN107388258A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-11-24 盐城亿之诺机械有限公司 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003322320A (en) * 2002-05-02 2003-11-14 Jfe Engineering Kk Waste incinerator
CN104296147A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 广西博能生物质能源科技有限公司 Environment-friendly garbage incinerator
CN107388258A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-11-24 盐城亿之诺机械有限公司 A kind of environment-protecting garbage incinerating stove

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Application publication date: 20180327

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication