CN103782789B - Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings - Google Patents

Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103782789B
CN103782789B CN201410071510.8A CN201410071510A CN103782789B CN 103782789 B CN103782789 B CN 103782789B CN 201410071510 A CN201410071510 A CN 201410071510A CN 103782789 B CN103782789 B CN 103782789B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
pagatpat
seedlings
bar
container
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410071510.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103782789A (en
Inventor
陈乃明
樊东函
梁刚
蔡林
钟焕祯
王华宇
杨利平
吕月保
何贵整
吴红英
时群
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QINZHOU RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY
Original Assignee
QINZHOU RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by QINZHOU RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY filed Critical QINZHOU RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FORESTRY
Priority to CN201410071510.8A priority Critical patent/CN103782789B/en
Publication of CN103782789A publication Critical patent/CN103782789A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103782789B publication Critical patent/CN103782789B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings. The purpose is to solve the problems that in the forestation initial stage of sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham, the survival rate is low, and the preserving rate is low. The method includes the following steps of seedling cultivation, seedling transplanting and stem and root cutting, and the cultivation method has the advantages that stem cutting and secondary root cutting are performed on the container-grown seedlings of certain specifications in the later stage of sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedling cultivation, so that the sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings are developed in root system, plants are robust, the thickness of stems is increased obviously, and high-quality seedlings good in uniformity can be provided for coast protection forest construction. The seedlings cultivated by the application of the technology can make the original forestation survival rate be improved above 95% from 85%, and the original preserving rate of annual growth sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham can be improved to 90% from 81%. Therefore, compared with the traditional mode that half year growth seedlings of the 40cm-70cm height are adopted for performing forestation, the forestation survival rate and the preserving rate are greatly improved. The technology is particularly suitable for performing mangrove forest forestation on coastal mud flat.

Description

Pagatpat seedling culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the seedling culture technology in forestry, particularly relate to the seedling culture method of the pagatpat in mangrove plant.
Background technology
Pagatpat (Sonneratia apctala Buch-Ham) is Sonneratiaceae plant, and originating in Bangladesh Shen Daben (Sundarban) mangrove area, is high megaphanerophyte, growth rapidly, well developed root system, has bamboo shoot shape respiratory root, is the pioneer tree species of naked beach artificial afforestration.In recent years, the mangrove forest of my district's Coastal beach is subject to different modes, destruction in various degree, causes coastal ecotope increasingly to worsen, therefore, widelys popularize Coast Mangrove afforestation imperative.Introduce a fine variety pagatpat, be conducive to the stand structure changing Coastal beach, make unlined forest structure become polylayer forest structure, for the ecotope improving Coastal beach creates conditions, after pagatpat grows into forest, also can play imperial wind disappear wave, the solid bank of bank protection, beautify the effect of seashore (dike).
China forest-science worker Zheng DS jade tablet, Chen Huanxiong in 1985 etc. introduce pagatpat from Bangladesh, and be planted in Dong Zhaigang Mangrove Nature Reserves, Hainan, growth perfonnance is good.1993-2000 again north causes the ground such as Zhanjiang in Guangdong, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and Maoming, and growth perfonnance is also good, all can normally blossom and bear fruit.But introduce a fine variety in process in above-mentioned area, the outplanting rate of artificial breeding is still lower, and as introduced a fine variety in seedling growth test in Zhanjiang, outplanting rate on average only has 750 strains/kilogram seed (thousand grain weigth 14.41 grams), and all freeze to death 1996 and nursery stock in 1998, within 1999 years, major part is freezed to death.Find above-mentioned introducing a fine variety in process, the pagatpat seedling afforestation effect of pagatpat artificial culture is unsatisfactory, and after being mainly manifested in afforestation, initial stage survival rate is unstable, is vulnerable to the destruction of the factor such as tidewater, seashore animal.And pagatpat Cold resistance is poor, survival rate is comparatively large by weather effect, directly affects the survival rate of afforestation and the storage rate in forest land.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of pagatpat seedling culture method efficiently, become seedling percent, problem that storage rate is low to solve the mangrove plant pagatpat afforestation initial stage, reach object of afforesting efficiently.
The seedling culture technology of the pagatpat that the present invention proposes, comprises the steps:
(1) cultivating seedlings
Pagatpat seedling is obtained by cultivating seedlings;
(2) seedling replanting
Selection grows 6 true leaves or height of seedling reaches the sprigging of 6-8cm in container;
Transplant and preferably carry out at the cloudy day, avoid high light, high temperature makes seedling dehydration dead, the preferred nutritious bag of described container, the specification of nutritious bag is preferably 10 × 13cm, and matrix formulations is preferably: red soil (table soil) 40%+ macerates ripe cow dung 20%+ farmyard manure 20%+ thin sand and soil 17%+ superphosphate 3%;
(3) cut bar and be completely cured
1. first time is completely cured
When pagatpat seedling reaches 40-70cm in container, carry out cutting lateral root, the container seedling of same batch is moved again and carries out volume seedling;
The growth of pagatpat seedling rapidly, when in container, pagatpat seedling reaches 40-70cm, carry out cutting lateral root, to promote root growth, the container seedling of same batch is moved again and carries out volume seedling, can break in depth under part root system, promote that side root is sprouted, although have certain influence to the growth of plant in a short time, root growth, nursery stock stalwartness can be promoted, improve the survival rate in later stage;
2. bar is cut and secondary is completely cured
To highly carrying out cutting bar more than pagatpat seedling in the container of 1m, namely cutting off the first half of plant cane with secateurs, noticing that clip is level and smooth, side shoot or blade are suitably pruned, and base portion retains 60-70cm, newly organized seedling of laying equal stress on, carry out secondary to be completely cured, the preferred cloudy day operates;
Preferably 40-60 days before afforestation, carries out section bar and secondary is completely cured, and side shoot or blade are suitably pruned, to reduce transpiration.
3. the management after bar is cut
In container, pagatpat seedling carries out cutting after bar and secondary be completely cured, strengthen moisture, illumination and extermination of disease and insect pest work, control rich water uses, and suitably shades, avoid burning sun and be exposed to the sun after cutting bar in 1-2 week, and it is moistening to note keeping basin soil, hot weather can carry out blade spray, sprays bactericide immediately after cutting bar, and controlling disease occurs, often 1-2 week regularly spray bactericide, until go out garden afterwards.
Bactericide preferable methyl topsin or tpn.
Compared to existing technology, the invention has the advantages that:
1, section bar, a technology of being completely cured is adopted at seedling fostering later stage, to highly carrying out cutting bar more than pagatpat seedling in the container of 1m, and successively carry out twice cutting lateral root, pagatpat seedling well developed root system, robust plant, cane are increased obviously thick, improve resistance, can be coast protection forest structure provides uniformity good high-quality seedling.
2, section bar in employing the present invention, technology of being completely cured carry out the popularization and afforestation of pagatpat at Coastal beach, survival rate can be increased to more than 95% by original 85%, the storage rate of 1 year above pagatpat woods of life is increased to 90% by original 81%.Therefore, afforest relative to the seedling of the annual 40-70cm height of traditional employing, substantially increase afforestation survival rate and retention rate, this technology is particularly useful for the Mangroves of Coastal beach.
Embodiment
With embodiment, the invention will be further described below, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Embodiment:
Pagatpat seedling culture method, carry out as follows:
(1) cultivating seedlings
1. seeding and seedling raising
The liquor potassic permanganate sowing front 3-5g/L carries out disinfection to seed, seedbed.Get the pagatpat seed stocked, rinse well with clear water and be seeded on seedbed.Sowing adopts the mode of uniform broadcasting, and covers the thick Nutrition Soil of 1.0cm, then with plank compacting gently, then uses plastic film covering.
2. seedling management
When pagatpat seedling has true leaf to extract out, introduce seawater and fill with seedling furrow; When seedling has 2-3 to open true leaf, drench seedling with fresh water and keep furrow face moistening, introduce seawater leaching seedling furrow simultaneously; When seedling grow 3-4 sheet true leaf, more than cane 2cm and degree of lignification stronger time, introduce every day seawater leaching seedling furrow face once.When daytime, the sun was stronger, shade with Shading net covering.When about growth of seedling to 45 day, impose liquid manure, initial stage fertilising concentration is spray once in 0.25%, 2 weeks; After 1 month, concentration progressively increases to 0.40%, sprays weekly once.And strengthen the extermination of disease and insect pest and cold damage control.
(2) seedling replanting
When seedling grows 6 true leaves, when height of seedling reaches 6-8cm, transplant in nutritious bag.Transplanting should be carried out at the cloudy day, avoids high light, high temperature makes seedling dehydration dead.The specification of nutritious bag is 10 × 13cm, and matrix formulations is: red soil (table soil) 40%+ macerates ripe cow dung 20%+ farmyard manure 20%+ thin sand and soil 17%+ superphosphate 3%.
(3) cut bar and be completely cured
1. first time is completely cured
Rapidly, when container seedling reaches 40-70cm, mobile nutritious bag, carries out cutting lateral root to the growth of pagatpat seedling, to promote well developed root system.
2. bar is cut and secondary is completely cured
Afforestation first 40 days, carry out cutting a bar to the container seedling highly more than 1m, base portion retained 60-70cm, and re-moves nutritious bag hardening, carries out secondary and is completely cured, and should carry out suitably pruning to reduce transpiration to side shoot or blade.
3. the management after bar is cut
Pagatpat container seedling carries out cutting after bar and secondary are completely cured strengthens moisture, illumination and extermination of disease and insect pest work, controls rich water and uses.Suitably shade in 1-2 week after cutting bar, and keep basin soil moistening, spray weekly the bactericide such as thiophanate methyl, tpn.
(3) afforestation technology
1. habitat location: plantation measures is less than marine outfall, the river place of 10 ‰ at seawater salinity, the beach of drier not accumulated water after ebb.The beach that mud is thicker, soft, fertile, Afforestation Effects is better.
2. planting density: plant line-spacing adopts 3 × 3m.
3. plant: select plantation in June, adopt bracing wire plantation, plantation hole specification is 20 × 20 × 20cm, and often hole is put about 20g composite fertilizer and made base manure, wants righting and earthing compacting after plantation.
4. young growth is managed and protected: pagatpat needs reinforcement to manage and protect after planting, particularly damage by disease and insect control and prevent artificial destruction.

Claims (5)

1. pagatpat seedling culture method, comprises the steps:
(1) cultivating seedlings
Pagatpat seedling is obtained by cultivating seedlings;
(2) seedling replanting
Selection grows 6 true leaves or height of seedling reaches the sprigging of 6-8cm in container;
(3) cut bar and be completely cured
1. first time is completely cured
When pagatpat seedling reaches 40-70cm in container, carry out cutting lateral root, the container seedling of same batch is moved again and carries out volume seedling;
2. bar is cut and secondary is completely cured
To highly carrying out cutting bar more than pagatpat seedling in the container of 1m, cut off the first half of plant cane, clip is level and smooth, and side shoot or blade are pruned, and base portion retains 60-70cm, newly organized seedling of laying equal stress on, and carry out secondary and be completely cured, the cloudy day operates;
3. the management after bar is cut
In container, pagatpat seedling carries out cutting after bar and secondary be completely cured, strengthen moisture, illumination and extermination of disease and insect pest work, control rich water uses, and shades, avoid burning sun and be exposed to the sun after cutting bar in 1-2 week, and it is moistening to note keeping basin soil, hot weather carries out blade spray, sprays bactericide immediately after cutting bar, and controlling disease occurs, often 1-2 week regularly spray bactericide, until go out garden afterwards.
2. pagatpat seedling culture method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sprigging, cut bar and be completely cured and to carry out at the cloudy day.
3. pagatpat seedling culture method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described container is nutritious bag.
4. pagatpat seedling culture method according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the specification of described nutritious bag is 10 × 13cm.
5. pagatpat seedling culture method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bactericide is thiophanate methyl or tpn.
CN201410071510.8A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings Expired - Fee Related CN103782789B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410071510.8A CN103782789B (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410071510.8A CN103782789B (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103782789A CN103782789A (en) 2014-05-14
CN103782789B true CN103782789B (en) 2015-04-22

Family

ID=50659178

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410071510.8A Expired - Fee Related CN103782789B (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103782789B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104186273B (en) * 2014-06-23 2016-01-27 中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 The method of forestation of high salinity deep water seabeach mangrove forest
CN106234025A (en) * 2016-09-29 2016-12-21 广西特色作物研究院 The method for culturing seedlings that a kind of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti secondary is completely cured
CN114586613A (en) * 2022-03-04 2022-06-07 玉溪市农业科学院 Method for inducing early and fast adventitious roots of bare-rooted strawberry seedlings in southwest region

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030060681A (en) * 2002-01-11 2003-07-16 최장옥 A method of cultivation of seeding using nonfabric port
CN102144520A (en) * 2011-04-21 2011-08-10 中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 Method for reforming sonneratia apetala pure forest by using ruguiera gymnorrhiza
CN102860165A (en) * 2011-07-04 2013-01-09 周进友 Plant transplanting technology with cultivation container
CN102835243A (en) * 2012-09-26 2012-12-26 钦州市林业科学研究所 Sonneratia apetala seedling cultivation and forestation method
CN102948355A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-03-06 中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所 Potting technology for mangrove forest seedling cultivation

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103782789A (en) 2014-05-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102293106B (en) Method for cultivating hardy eucalyptus forests suitable for climates at north latitude of 26-30 degrees
CN101874447B (en) Beach plum root cutting seedling method
CN103053373B (en) High-quality apple dwarf interstock seedling propagation method
CN104584976A (en) Grape planting method
CN104272937A (en) Cultivation method for camphor trees
CN101416593A (en) Single-node cutting seed-raising method of tea plant
CN101536644A (en) Method for fast asexual propagation by cottage at root and sowing roots of shinyleaf yellowhorn
CN103385119A (en) Micheliacompressa grafting method
CN104322264A (en) Pollution-free cultivating method of chrysanthemum
CN102715018A (en) Two-year quick breeding method for dwarfing interstock sound seedlings of apples
CN103988743A (en) Banana planting method
CN104542164A (en) Tea interplanting method
CN102870566A (en) Mulberry orchard establishment method by level planting of overall mulberry seedlings
CN103416209A (en) Artificial cultivation method of wild sweet tea tree
CN103238495B (en) Method for landscaping by peach tree
CN105393868B (en) A kind of zelkova schneideriana ecological breeding method
CN103782789B (en) Cultivation method for sonneratia apetala Buch-Ham seedlings
CN103798054A (en) High-yield high-efficiency cultivation mode for interplanting good mulberry with konjac
CN111727753B (en) Method for quickly growing seedlings and cultivating golden camellia
CN104206130A (en) Method for interplanting maize and red cluster peppers
CN104871916A (en) Method of cultivating red pomelos in conserved stony mountain lands
CN106613363B (en) A kind of cultural method of umbrella shape locust tree shade tree
CN109452010A (en) A method of promoting Natta oak epicormic branch cutting
CN104541648A (en) Slope improving method for planting fruits and vegetables
CN109744040A (en) A kind of cultivation of container seedling technology of the salt tolerant grafting rose of Sharon

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150422