CN102870566A - Mulberry orchard establishment method by level planting of overall mulberry seedlings - Google Patents

Mulberry orchard establishment method by level planting of overall mulberry seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102870566A
CN102870566A CN2012103741868A CN201210374186A CN102870566A CN 102870566 A CN102870566 A CN 102870566A CN 2012103741868 A CN2012103741868 A CN 2012103741868A CN 201210374186 A CN201210374186 A CN 201210374186A CN 102870566 A CN102870566 A CN 102870566A
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mulberry
root
bud
sapling
seedling
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CN2012103741868A
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刘万顺
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刘万顺
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Abstract

The invention discloses a mulberry orchard establishment method by level planting of overall mulberry seedlings and belongs to the technical field of mulberry planting. The mulberry orchard establishment method by level planting of mulberry seedlings includes the steps of mulberry seedling selection, time determination, land preparation, ditching, seedling setting, backfilling, timely soil excavation and stump fixation, cutting to expose buds, seedling sorting and the like. Mulberry stumps on lignified stems of mulberry seedlings, seedling nutrients and existing developed roots of the mulberry seedlings are fully utilized, overall mulberry seedlings are planted, single is converted into multiple in the shortest time for the mulberry seedlings according to the height of the mulberry seedlings, and fast orchard establishment is achieved.

Description

The whole strain contour cultivation of mulberry sapling garden building method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the whole strain contour cultivation of a kind of mulberry sapling method, belong to mulberry tree planting technology field.
Background technology
It is to educate first seedling that conventional mulberry tree is built the garden, cultivate again mulberry sapling after the grafting, transplant for the garden of building, just begun a little less than the mulberry sapling growth, and vertical plantation is adopted in traditional mulberry field, only utilize a part of mulberry strain, all the other are cut, and can not take full advantage of the mulberry root and stem of certain plants on the mulberry sapling lignification mulberry stem, tree and recuperate and minute reach the existing flourishing root system of mulberry sapling, and traditional method is that a strain grows up to one, efficient is low, and the time is slow.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, the invention provides the whole strain contour cultivation of a kind of mulberry sapling garden building method, taking full advantage of the mulberry root and stem of certain plants on the mulberry sapling lignification mulberry stem, tree recuperates and minute reaches the existing flourishing root system of mulberry sapling, adopt the method for the whole strain contour cultivation of mulberry sapling, realize highly that depending on mulberry sapling a strain becomes many strains within the shortest time, reach the purpose of growing into forest in fast run-up garden.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: the whole strain contour cultivation of a kind of mulberry sapling garden building method is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
One, mulberry sapling is selected: select the mulberry sapling of the improved seeds of plant height more than 1.2~1.5m, require the mulberry bud full, the mulberry stem is sturdy, and mulberry root well developed root system does not have damage by disease and insect, and is for subsequent use in front 2~3 days liftings of plantation;
Two, the time is determined: the time rests in annual halcyon days, mulberry sapling begin freeze-up after the dormancy before;
Three, wholely: plant and bury front dark the rake thoroughly of first soil being ploughed, make soil in small, broken bits soft, upper Panasonic is real; And dug the irrigation and drainage ditch, improve survival rate;
Four, trench digging: at whole good field garden 1.5~1.8m line-spacing excavation heeling-in ditch proportionately, be that 20cm~30cm executes farmyard manure according to width, the degree of depth: per 666.7 ㎡ execute the farmyard manure of 2000~3000kg in the ditch, for avoiding clay fertilizer to burn seedling and conveniently take root, then backfill fine earth 5~10cm stays ditch 7cm;
Five, pendulum seedling: long shoot bar mulberry sapling is lain in a horizontal plane in the ditch, join by a mulberry shoot taper and another mulberry shoot root, the method for namely interlocking is end to end arranged plantation, and the flourishing especially root of mulberry sapling root system will excavate buried, leave mark on root ground, make every effort to make mulberry stem bar maintenance level;
Six, backfill: backfill fine earth 7 cm bury mulberry sapling stem bar and are tight compact, and move flat ground, then cover with the wide white mulch film of 40cm to be tight compact;
Seven, open soil in good time decide the root and stem of certain plants: when next year early March temperature rise mulberry bud began to sprout, the earth that interval 20cm pushes stem bar top aside exposed 1~2 mulberry bud; Also can when the underground layering blinding, reserve the germination cave;
Eight, cut a mouthful dew bud: after the mulberry bud was sprouted, the mulberry bud began to see green, cut the film of turning up the soil with pocket knife and reserved the mouth that sprouts, and manually transferred to sprouting, the film mouth was sealed with earth again; Behind mulberry bud length to 10~15cm, earth up, it is grown tall become strong;
Nine, pick seedling: when the mulberry bud grows to 20~30cm left and right sides, stay a little less than going according to growing way strong, every cave only select a strain stalwartness as the land for growing field crops seedling; And then be selected in the liftoff 15cm of mulberry sapling according to spacing in the rows and cut off surely and to do; Remainingly in the selected scope of spacing in the rows, do not let alone up to grow, as breeding seedling next year;
Ten, field management: do spray medicine worm processed, fertilizing, watering in conjunction with fixed; Only to mulberry strain spraying desinsection, every 666.7m2 fertilising 700kg liquid dung+20kg urea+10kg potassium chloride is executed and is being left the root of land mark, waters simultaneously horse race water once with 2000 times of mulberry worms; Carry out bud thinning when mulberry bud length to 15~20cm, choose 3~4 root growths sturdy, direction is even, gives over to the first limb and forms; So far form substantially in the mulberry field.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention utilizes totipotency and the reviviscence of mulberry sapling stem bar, in mulberry sapling stem bar and the unseparated situation of root system, the whole strain of the mulberry sapling of long shoot bar planted by the planting technology requirement whole piece level of standard bury in the new mulberry orchard soil, cooperate suitable breeding condition, take full advantage of that the original tree of mulberry sapling is recuperated minute and flourishing Root Absorption soil in water, fertile, guarantee that several mulberry root and stem of certain plants that every mulberry stem is reserved grow into new strain, mulberry sapling stem bar in placing into the soil all becomes new root, whole linking to each other, enlarge the soil nutrient absorbing surface, reach the purpose of new mulberry field Harvest Acceleration.The present invention has obtained technical breakthrough, change over and vertically plant and only utilize a part of mulberry strain, the traditional habit that all the other are cut, taking full advantage of the mulberry root and stem of certain plants on the mulberry sapling lignification mulberry stem, tree recuperates and minute reaches the existing flourishing root system of mulberry sapling, adopt the method for the whole strain contour cultivation of mulberry sapling, realize highly that depending on mulberry sapling a strain becomes many strains within the shortest time, reach the purpose of growing into forest in fast run-up garden.Build the garden advantage with the method a lot: small investment, instant effect, high efficiency, easy to operate.
Because traditional method is that a strain grows up to one, and the garden method is built in whole strain contour cultivation, a strain can be looked length and be divided into many strains.Therefore the higher comparative costs of mulberry sapling price is lower.
Plant at halcyon days in new mulberry field, is embedded in underground new mulberry bud after Second Year weather gets warm again after a cold spell and namely begins to sprout into new branch, because rhizome all underground, therefore germinates early, growth is fast.Can raise a small amount of silkworm in spring spring, and the summer is cut down rear reinforcement rich water quality management, and the mulberry field progressively enters high yield period.
New mulberry field mulberry yield is high, and quality is good.Because building the garden, new technology can take full advantage of tree body nutrition in the original sturdy mulberry sapling mulberry stem, the new full stalwartness of mulberry bud, and new ramulus mori growth is fast, produces leaf many.And utilized the root system of former mulberry sapling prosperity, survival rate is high.Mulberry stem has originally all become disjunctor mulberry root, and surface area of root systern has enlarged 10~20 times.The new effectively rich water nutrition of absorbance units area of mulberry tree, drought-resistant ability is strong, and better than traditional mulberry field Quality of Mulberry Leaves, output is high.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with embodiment.The whole strain contour cultivation of a kind of mulberry sapling garden building method is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
(1) mulberry sapling is selected: select the mulberry sapling of the improved seeds of plant height more than 1.2m, require the mulberry bud full, the mulberry stem is sturdy, and mulberry root well developed root system does not have damage by disease and insect, and is for subsequent use in front 2~3 days liftings of plantation.
(2) time is determined: the time rests in annual halcyon days, mulberry sapling begin freeze-up after the dormancy before.
(3) wholely: plant and bury front dark the rake thoroughly of first soil being ploughed, make soil in small, broken bits soft, upper Panasonic is real.And dug the irrigation and drainage ditch, improve survival rate.
(4) trench digging: whole good field proportionately the garden line-spacing require 1.6m excavation heeling-in ditch, width x depth is that 20cm * 20cm executes farmyard manure: every 666.7m2 executes the farmyard manure of 2500kg in the ditch, for avoiding clay fertilizer to burn seedling and conveniently take root, then backfill fine earth 8cm stays ditch 7cm.
(5) pendulum seedling: long shoot bar mulberry sapling is lain in a horizontal plane in the ditch, join by a mulberry shoot taper and another mulberry shoot root, the method of namely interlocking is end to end arranged plantation, and the flourishing especially root of mulberry sapling root system will excavate buried (leaving mark on root ground), makes every effort to mulberry stem bar maintenance level.
(6) backfill: backfill fine earth 7 cm bury mulberry sapling stem bar and are tight compact, and move flat ground, then cover with the wide white mulch film of 40cm to be tight compact.
(7) open soil in good time decide the root and stem of certain plants: when next year early March temperature rise mulberry bud began to sprout, the earth that interval 20cm pushes stem bar top aside exposed 1~2 mulberry bud.Also can when the underground layering blinding, reserve the germination cave.
(8) cut a mouthful dew bud: after the mulberry bud was sprouted, the mulberry bud began to see green, cut the film of turning up the soil with pocket knife and reserved the mouth that sprouts, and manually transferred to sprouting, the film mouth was sealed with earth again.Earth up behind 10cm when mulberry bud length, it is grown tall become strong.
(9) pick seedling: when the mulberry bud grows to 20~30cm, stay a little less than going according to growing way strong, every cave select a strain stalwartness as the land for growing field crops seedling.And then be selected in the liftoff 15cm of mulberry sapling according to spacing in the rows and cut off surely and to do.Remainingly in selected scope, do not let alone up to grow, as breeding seedling next year.
(10) field management: do spray medicine worm processed, fertilizing, watering in conjunction with fixed.Only to mulberry strain spraying desinsection, every 666.7m2 fertilising 700kg liquid dung+20kg urea+10kg potassium chloride is executed and is being left the root of land mark, waters simultaneously horse race water once with 2000 times of mulberry worms.Carry out bud thinning when newly going out mulberry bud length to 18cm, choose 3~4 root growths sturdy, direction is even, gives over to the first limb and forms.So far form substantially in the mulberry field.

Claims (1)

1. the whole strain contour cultivation of mulberry sapling garden building method is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
One, mulberry sapling is selected: select the mulberry sapling of the improved seeds of plant height more than 1.2~1.5m, require the mulberry bud full, the mulberry stem is sturdy, and mulberry root well developed root system does not have damage by disease and insect, and is for subsequent use in front 2~3 days liftings of plantation;
Two, the time is determined: the time rests in annual halcyon days, mulberry sapling begin freeze-up after the dormancy before;
Three, wholely: plant and bury front dark the rake thoroughly of first soil being ploughed, make soil in small, broken bits soft, upper Panasonic is real; And dug the irrigation and drainage ditch, improve survival rate;
Four, trench digging: at whole good field garden 1.5~1.8m line-spacing excavation heeling-in ditch proportionately, be that 20cm~30cm executes farmyard manure according to width, the degree of depth: execute farmyard manure: per 666.7 ㎡ execute the farmyard manure of 2000~3000kg in the ditch, for avoiding clay fertilizer to burn seedling and conveniently taking root, then backfill fine earth 5~10cm stays ditch 7cm;
Five, pendulum seedling: long shoot bar mulberry sapling is lain in a horizontal plane in the ditch, join by a mulberry shoot taper and another mulberry shoot root, the method for namely interlocking is end to end arranged plantation, and the flourishing especially root of mulberry sapling root system will excavate buried, leave mark on root ground, make every effort to make mulberry stem bar maintenance level;
Six, backfill: backfill fine earth 7 cm bury mulberry sapling stem bar and are tight compact, and move flat ground, then cover with the wide white mulch film of 40cm to be tight compact;
Seven, open soil in good time decide the root and stem of certain plants: when next year early March temperature rise mulberry bud began to sprout, the earth that interval 20cm pushes stem bar top aside exposed 1~2 mulberry bud; Also can when the underground layering blinding, reserve the germination cave;
Eight, cut a mouthful dew bud: after the mulberry bud was sprouted, the mulberry bud began to see green, cut the film of turning up the soil with pocket knife and reserved the mouth that sprouts, and manually transferred to sprouting, the film mouth was sealed with earth again; Behind mulberry bud length to 10~15cm, earth up, it is grown tall become strong;
Nine, pick seedling: when the mulberry bud grows to 20~30cm left and right sides, stay a little less than going according to growing way strong, every cave only select a strain stalwartness as the land for growing field crops seedling; And then be selected in the liftoff 15cm of mulberry sapling according to spacing in the rows and cut off surely and to do; Remainingly in the selected scope of spacing in the rows, do not let alone up to grow, as breeding seedling next year;
Ten, field management: do spray medicine worm processed, fertilizing, watering in conjunction with fixed; Only to mulberry strain spraying desinsection, every 666.7m2 fertilising 700kg liquid dung+20kg urea+10kg potassium chloride is executed and is being left the root of land mark, waters simultaneously horse race water once with 2000 times of mulberry worms; Carry out bud thinning when mulberry bud length to 15~20cm, choose 3~4 root growths sturdy, direction is even, gives over to the first limb and forms; So far form substantially in the mulberry field.
CN2012103741868A 2012-10-07 2012-10-07 Mulberry orchard establishment method by level planting of overall mulberry seedlings Pending CN102870566A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396660A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-11 柳州师范高等专科学校 Method for improving branch and leaf yield of greater-leaf fast-growing cassia
CN104429487A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 陶玲云 Method for planting mulberry trees
CN104521668A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-22 河北省林业科学研究院 Sunglow poplar single-whip sprout branch burying seedling raising method
CN105165527A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-23 颍上县秀民果桑专业合作社 Method for planting and cultivating mulberry seedlings in plain with fertile soil
CN105993810A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 广西壮族自治区蚕业技术推广总站 Mulberry laying rapid forest establishment fruiting method
CN106212149A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-12-14 覃政强 A kind of implantation methods of Taiwan morus laevigata
CN113498687A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-10-15 浙江农林大学 Cultivation method of grafting stock of magnolia denudata

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101156529A (en) * 2007-09-17 2008-04-09 严希海 Rapid cuttage for moraceae plants

Patent Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101156529A (en) * 2007-09-17 2008-04-09 严希海 Rapid cuttage for moraceae plants

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
覃红娟: "桑苗水平种植建园新技术", 《广西蚕业》, vol. 44, no. 4, 31 December 2007 (2007-12-31), pages 28 - 30 *

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396660A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-11 柳州师范高等专科学校 Method for improving branch and leaf yield of greater-leaf fast-growing cassia
CN104429487A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-25 陶玲云 Method for planting mulberry trees
CN104521668A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-22 河北省林业科学研究院 Sunglow poplar single-whip sprout branch burying seedling raising method
CN104521668B (en) * 2014-12-18 2017-09-01 河北省林业科学研究院 A kind of one whip band of rosy clouds of dawn poplar sprouts a underground layering method for culturing seedlings
CN105165527A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-23 颍上县秀民果桑专业合作社 Method for planting and cultivating mulberry seedlings in plain with fertile soil
CN105993810A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 广西壮族自治区蚕业技术推广总站 Mulberry laying rapid forest establishment fruiting method
CN105993810B (en) * 2016-07-18 2019-12-31 广西壮族自治区蚕业技术推广总站 Method for quickly planting fruits in forest by burying mulberries in strips
CN106212149A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-12-14 覃政强 A kind of implantation methods of Taiwan morus laevigata
CN113498687A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-10-15 浙江农林大学 Cultivation method of grafting stock of magnolia denudata

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Application publication date: 20130116