CN103739362A - Golden mushroom cultivation material by taking peanut shell as raw material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Golden mushroom cultivation material by taking peanut shell as raw material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103739362A
CN103739362A CN201310688983.8A CN201310688983A CN103739362A CN 103739362 A CN103739362 A CN 103739362A CN 201310688983 A CN201310688983 A CN 201310688983A CN 103739362 A CN103739362 A CN 103739362A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
raw
golden mushroom
root
arachidis hypogaeae
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CN201310688983.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张易兰
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凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司
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Application filed by 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 filed Critical 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司
Priority to CN201310688983.8A priority Critical patent/CN103739362A/en
Publication of CN103739362A publication Critical patent/CN103739362A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight

Abstract

The invention relates to a golden mushroom cultivation material by taking peanut shell as a raw material and a preparation method thereof. The golden mushroom cultivation material comprises the following raw materials by weight: 40-44 parts of peanut shell, 35-38 parts of soybean straw, 17-19 parts of corn germ meal, 10-12 parts of vinegar residue, 1-2 parts of pulverized limestone, 1-2 parts of lime powder, 0.2-0.3 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.4-0.5 parts of chitosan, 4-5 parts of Cordyceps sinensis, 4-5 parts of mint leaf, 3-4 parts of burdok root, 3-4 parts of Ilex cornuta lindl, 20-22 parts of rabbit manure, 0.2-0.3 parts of EM-bacteria liquid, 12-15 parts of cow bone soup and 5-6 parts of nutrition additive. According to the invention, peanut shell and soybean straw are taken as main raw materials, the raw material source is widen, the production cost is reduced, environmental pollution due to burning is reduced, the golden mushroom cultivation material contains nutrients such as cellulose, hemicellulase and crude protein. the nutrition is comprehensive and balanced, sufficient nutrition can be supplied for golden mushroom, the fruiting time is early, the hypha growth is dense, and the economic benefit is effectively increased.

Description

A kind of Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is golden mushroom plantation material of raw material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom cultivation technical field, relating to a kind of Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is golden mushroom plantation material of raw material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Needle mushroom is saprophytic fungus, can only from planting material, absorb by mycelia nutritive substance, and its growth and the required nutrition of fruit body development comprise nitrogen nutrition, carbohydrate nutrition, mineral nutrition and a small amount of vitamins nutrition.Therefore, planting material has a great impact yield of flammulina velutipes and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is golden mushroom plantation material of raw material and preparation method thereof, the high feature of needle mushroom quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is a golden mushroom plantation material for raw material, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part: Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 40-44, soybean stalk 35-38, corn germ cake 17-19, vinegar grain 10-12, lime powder 1-2, terra alba 1-2, potassium primary phosphate 0.2-0.3, chitosan 0.4-0.5, Cordyceps sinensis 4-5, mentha leave 4-5, Root of Great Burdock 3-4, Root of Chinese Holly 5-6, rabbit excrement 20-22, EM-bacterium liquid 0.2-0.3, Galbitang 12-15, nutritional additive 5-6;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: Rhizoma Atractylodis oil 0.1-0.2, bamboo charcoal 0.4-0.5, magnesium sulfate 0.3-0.4, Ligusticum wallichii 2-3, Semen Trigonellae 1.8-2, wild chervil 1.4-1.7, Pale Butterflybush Flower 3-4, rhizome of Villose Themeda 1-2, quartzose sandstone 8-10;
Preparation method is: Ligusticum wallichii, Semen Trigonellae, wild chervil, Pale Butterflybush Flower, rhizome of Villose Themeda, quartzose sandstone are pulverized, mixed and mix thoroughly with leftover materials, obtain.
Described Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is the preparation method of the golden mushroom plantation material of raw material, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) pulverize after rabbit excrement is exposed to the sun 15-18 hour, mix and mix thoroughly with Galbitang, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 19-23 days;
(2) lime powder, potassium primary phosphate, chitosan are mixed, add 6-7 water doubly and fully stir;
(3) Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, soybean stalk, Cordyceps sinensis, mentha leave, Root of Great Burdock, Root of Chinese Holly are pulverized, mixed and send into stirrer with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, inject clear water, discharging when water content reaches 60-65% simultaneously;
(4) by step (3) gained material bagging, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention adopts Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, soybean stalk etc. as main raw material, raw material sources have been widened, reduced production cost, reduced and burned the environmental pollution causing, and wherein contain the nutritive substances such as Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, crude protein, comprehensive nutrition is balanced, can provide sufficient nutrient for needle mushroom, make the fruiting time early, mycelial growth is dense, effectively improved economic benefit.
Embodiment
Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is a golden mushroom plantation material for raw material, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 40, soybean stalk 38, corn germ cake 19, vinegar grain 12, lime powder 1, terra alba 2, potassium primary phosphate 0.3, chitosan 0.5, Cordyceps sinensis 5, mentha leave 5, Root of Great Burdock 4, Root of Chinese Holly 5, rabbit excrement 22, EM-bacterium liquid 0.3, Galbitang 12, nutritional additive 6;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: Rhizoma Atractylodis oil 0.2, bamboo charcoal 0.4, magnesium sulfate 0.4, Ligusticum wallichii 2, Semen Trigonellae 1.8, wild chervil 1.7, Pale Butterflybush Flower 4, rhizome of Villose Themeda 2, quartzose sandstone 10;
Preparation method is: Ligusticum wallichii, Semen Trigonellae, wild chervil, Pale Butterflybush Flower, rhizome of Villose Themeda, quartzose sandstone are pulverized, mixed and mix thoroughly with leftover materials, obtain.
Described Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is the preparation method of the golden mushroom plantation material of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) pulverize after rabbit excrement is exposed to the sun 15-18 hour, mix and mix thoroughly with Galbitang, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 19-23 days;
(2) lime powder, potassium primary phosphate, chitosan are mixed, add 6-7 water doubly and fully stir;
(3) Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, soybean stalk, Cordyceps sinensis, mentha leave, Root of Great Burdock, Root of Chinese Holly are pulverized, mixed and send into stirrer with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, inject clear water, discharging when water content reaches 60-65% simultaneously;
(4) by step (3) gained material bagging, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
With golden mushroom plantation material of the present invention and existing golden mushroom plantation material cultivating flammulina velutipes comparative result, see the following form.
From table, can draw: golden mushroom plantation material provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, per kilogram golden mushroom plantation material results needle mushroom amount, than existing planting material, increase production more than 60%, and mushroom handle even thickness, the length of needle mushroom are neat, mushroom meat quality is high, regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. the golden mushroom plantation material that Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is raw material, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 40-44, soybean stalk 35-38, corn germ cake 17-19, vinegar grain 10-12, lime powder 1-2, terra alba 1-2, potassium primary phosphate 0.2-0.3, chitosan 0.4-0.5, Cordyceps sinensis 4-5, mentha leave 4-5, Root of Great Burdock 3-4, Root of Chinese Holly 5-6, rabbit excrement 20-22, EM-bacterium liquid 0.2-0.3, Galbitang 12-15, nutritional additive 5-6;
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: Rhizoma Atractylodis oil 0.1-0.2, bamboo charcoal 0.4-0.5, magnesium sulfate 0.3-0.4, Ligusticum wallichii 2-3, Semen Trigonellae 1.8-2, wild chervil 1.4-1.7, Pale Butterflybush Flower 3-4, rhizome of Villose Themeda 1-2, quartzose sandstone 8-10;
Preparation method is: Ligusticum wallichii, Semen Trigonellae, wild chervil, Pale Butterflybush Flower, rhizome of Villose Themeda, quartzose sandstone are pulverized, mixed and mix thoroughly with leftover materials, obtain.
2. the preparation method of the golden mushroom plantation material that Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae according to claim 1 is raw material, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) pulverize after rabbit excrement is exposed to the sun 15-18 hour, mix and mix thoroughly with Galbitang, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 19-23 days;
(2) lime powder, potassium primary phosphate, chitosan are mixed, add 6-7 water doubly and fully stir;
(3) Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, soybean stalk, Cordyceps sinensis, mentha leave, Root of Great Burdock, Root of Chinese Holly are pulverized, mixed and send into stirrer with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, inject clear water, discharging when water content reaches 60-65% simultaneously;
(4) by step (3) gained material bagging, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 ℃, obtain.
CN201310688983.8A 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 Golden mushroom cultivation material by taking peanut shell as raw material and preparation method thereof CN103739362A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104030777A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-10 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Needle mushroom medium with peanut shell as raw material, and preparation method thereof
CN104109010A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Cornstalk-based flammulina velutipes culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104163707A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-26 安庆市绿茵农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium with jute straw as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104193491A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium using soybean straws as raw material and preparation method of oyster mushroom culture medium
CN104193486A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Volvariella volvacea culture medium containing soybean straws and preparation method thereof
CN104311300A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 合肥路飞农业科技有限公司 Bone soup flammulina velutipes culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105884482A (en) * 2014-10-09 2016-08-24 遵义市鼎新菌业有限公司 Needle mushroom culture medium
CN106431630A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 内蒙古锦华生物科技有限公司金寨分公司 Edible fungus culture material for processing edible fungus solid drink
CN107434510A (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-05 罗华 Enoki mushroom cultivation material using peanut shell pueraria root residue as main carbon source

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JP2004261134A (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-09-24 Enokien Kk Method for inoculation of mushroom spawn using airtight vessel and inoculation apparatus
CN101759458A (en) * 2008-11-19 2010-06-30 赵春 Unsterilized material cultivation method for mixed material of golden mushroom
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
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CN102951967A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-03-06 李迎真 Flammulina velutipe cultivation substrate material

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CN101759458A (en) * 2008-11-19 2010-06-30 赵春 Unsterilized material cultivation method for mixed material of golden mushroom
CN101993304A (en) * 2009-08-12 2011-03-30 张云松 Needle mushroom proportioning material
CN101870614A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-10-27 李文胜 Edible mushroom culture medium
CN102951967A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-03-06 李迎真 Flammulina velutipe cultivation substrate material

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104030777A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-10 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Needle mushroom medium with peanut shell as raw material, and preparation method thereof
CN104109010A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Cornstalk-based flammulina velutipes culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104193491A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium using soybean straws as raw material and preparation method of oyster mushroom culture medium
CN104193486A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Volvariella volvacea culture medium containing soybean straws and preparation method thereof
CN104163707A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-26 安庆市绿茵农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium with jute straw as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN105884482A (en) * 2014-10-09 2016-08-24 遵义市鼎新菌业有限公司 Needle mushroom culture medium
CN104311300A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 合肥路飞农业科技有限公司 Bone soup flammulina velutipes culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN107434510A (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-05 罗华 Enoki mushroom cultivation material using peanut shell pueraria root residue as main carbon source
CN106431630A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 内蒙古锦华生物科技有限公司金寨分公司 Edible fungus culture material for processing edible fungus solid drink

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Application publication date: 20140423