A kind of multifunctional stereo planting greenhouse
The present invention relates to a kind of modern Three-dimensional planting greenhouse, especially relate to a kind of upper strata kind vegetables, the planting greenhouse of edible mushroom is planted by lower floor.
Because edible mushroom is different with the planting conditions of vegetable plant, photosynthesis is different with the gas required for respiration, and generally, people take independent cropping pattern.And in existing greenhouse gardening, the structure of its booth is small-sized, easy rough formula, its heat insulating ability is poor, service life is short, not easily suitability for industrialized production, more can not realize automated production pattern, tangible current especially land resources is anxious when lacking, and how developing the plantation of efficient multi-storied agriculture is China's technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
In addition, in existing edible fungi planting technology, in order to ensure that the temperature of edible mushroom in planting process meets planting requirement, the insulation construction of normal employing is that filled thermal insulation materials is in the body of wall playing carrying planter units weight, the planting shed of this structure, the needs of high temperature in planting edible mushroom process (up to 100 DEG C) sterilizing can not be met, because such structure can cause the distortion of body of wall because of indoor high temperature, thus make the sterilizing of edible fungi nutrition soil after special sterilizing chamber's sterilizing, plantation room need be transported to again, which adds the labour intensity of workman, reduce operating efficiency, finally cause the increase of production cost.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of multifunctional stereo planting greenhouse,
Can be implemented in upper strata kind flowers or vegetables class plant, in lower floor's spatial planting of edible fungi class, and the plant realizing the carbonic acid gas supply upper strata of being discharged by lower floor edible mushroom carries out photosynthesis and absorbs, to improve the growth quality of plant, improve output, meet the demand of environmental protection.
The present invention for solving the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme is:, a kind of multifunctional stereo planting greenhouse, by steel structure component, column, crossbeam and ceiling form the main frame of three-dimensional booth, column is arranged in many row's multiple rows, every root post is provided with support and connection body and extension, relative support and connection body is provided with a crossbeam, crossbeam and column connect into an overall structure, crossbeam is provided with concrete slab, booth is divided into two-layer up and down by concrete slab, coaming plate is provided with at the column extension on upper strata, upper strata is surrounded insulation growing area by coaming plate, the medial surface that the many root posts of lower floor are relative arranges insulated wall, lower floor is separated into multiple independent regulation and control growing area and service aisle by insulated wall, the top of service aisle is provided with aqua storage tank, described insulated wall is connected with concrete slab, concrete slab bottom surface is provided with heat-insulation layer.
The exhaust switch be connected with upper strata growing area is provided with, to regulate and control temperature in each growing area and gas in described independence regulation and control growing area.
Described exhaust switch is made up of blast pipe and blower fan.
Described lower floor independently regulates and controls in growing area to be provided with temperature control system.
Described aqua storage tank is provided with filter.
Described service aisle, its width is 2-8 rice.
Described ceiling is provided with baffle plate.
The water pipe be connected with aqua storage tank is provided with inside described baffle plate.
Described booth upper strata is provided with air chamber.
Described air chamber is provided with exhausting window.
The cell wall of described aqua storage tank is connected with concrete slab.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, multifunctional stereo planting greenhouse of the present invention, its structure can manufacture infinitely-great area, meets the demand of the automated production construction of base of modern agriculture.
2, multifunctional stereo planting greenhouse structure of the present invention is two-layer up and down, thus multiple different types of plant can be planted, upper strata kind vegetables, edible fungi can be planted by lower floor, because edible mushroom discharges carbonic acid gas, vegetables absorbing carbon dioxide, the carbonic acid gas that lower floor edible mushroom can be discharged by the present invention is effectively discharged to upper strata by switch and utilizes for upper strata vegetables, and the oxygen on upper strata can be discharged to the edible fungi growth utilization of lower floor for lower floor by switch.
3, the temperature that the present invention independently regulates and controls in growing area can be adjusted to 0-100 DEG C automatically, ensure that the needs of growth, sterilizing, and meanwhile, when carrying out high-temperature sterilization to the Nutrition Soil of edible fungi, the framework of outside can from the impact of high temperature.
4, in addition, the heat-insulation layer of each planter units mutually between independently to arrange, can ensure unaffected each other.
5, the present invention is provided with rainwater storage device, as: ceiling baffle plate is set at the periphery of ceiling the pipeline can collecting rainwater is set between ceiling baffle plate and the aqua storage tank being arranged on service aisle top, thus rainwater is collected, so not only can make full use of rainwater irrigating plant, both substantial saving in water power, achieve environmental protection again, improve the growth quality of plant.
6, structure of the present invention is simple, and cost is low, is easy to suitability for industrialized production, easy for installation, very utilization and extention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the first embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the A-A view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the another kind of embodiment at I place in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the second embodiment.
Fig. 5 is the B-B view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the B-B view of the another kind of scheme of Fig. 4.
In figure, 1, column, 2, insulated wall, 3, support and connection body, 4, column extension, 401, coaming plate, 5, baffle plate, 6, ceiling, 7, crossbeam, 701, insulation roof, 702, concrete slab, 8, aqua storage tank, 9, air chamber, 901, exhausting window, 10, screen pack, 11, service aisle, 12, air barrier, 13, ground, 14 blower fans, 15, blast pipe.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, concrete detailed description is further done to the present invention.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of multifunctional stereo planting greenhouse of the first embodiment, by the main frame playing the steel structure component of connection function and column 1, crossbeam 7 and ceiling 6 to be formed three-dimensional booth, in arranging multiple row, (horizontal be row to column 1 more, erect as row) arrange, this embodiment has 13 rows 15 altogether and arranges, every root post 1 is provided with support and connection body 3, extension 4, described supporter 3 can be any for the structure connected and support, can be such as be welded on the steel plate on column 1, or be arranged on the boss etc. of column 1 side; Relative support and connection body 3 is provided with a crossbeam 7, crossbeam 7 and column 1 connect into an overall structure, crossbeam 7 is provided with concrete slab 702, booth is divided into two-layer up and down by concrete slab 702, between the column extension 4 on upper strata or the inner side of column extension 4 be close to column extension 4 and be provided with coaming plate 401, upper strata is surrounded one and is incubated growing area by coaming plate 401 and ceiling 6 together with concrete slab 702; The medial surface of lower floor's column 1 arranges insulated wall 2, lower floor is separated into three row and independently regulates and controls growing area by insulated wall 2, the service aisle 11 of to be a width between every two row independent regulation and control growing areas be 2-8 rice, for pedestrian and vehicle transport, and the place of the sterilization that carries out disinfection before simultaneously can entering the work of independent regulation and control growing area as people.
The top of service aisle 11 is provided with aqua storage tank 8, and the cell wall of described aqua storage tank is connected with concrete slab 702, and the bottom outside aqua storage tank 8 is provided with the bracing frame be connected on two heel posts 1.
Described aqua storage tank 8 is provided with filter, this embodiment adopts screen pack 10, ceiling 6 is provided with baffle plate 5, it is low that the ceiling 6 of this embodiment is obliquely installed into middle high both sides, is provided with baffle plate 5 at the lowest part of ceiling 6, for by rain water-harvesting, the water pipe allowing rainwater be provided with inside baffle plate 5 flows to aqua storage tank 8, after the filtration of screen pack 10, rainwater can be used as the pouring water of the vegetable plants of upper strata plantation, also can drain into other place and do manual labour with water etc.
Insulation roof 701 is provided with above each independent regulation and control growing area, the bottom surface that crossbeam 7 is close on insulation roof 701 is arranged, its four limit is connected with insulated wall, be air barrier 12 between concrete slab 702 and insulation roof 701, described air barrier 12 can be all round closure, form the chamber that is played insulation effect, at chamber and the external world and chamber and can also independently regulate and control the passage that ventilation is set between growing area, thus be the oxygen in independent regulation and control growing area conveying air, and the oxygen of conveying is carried out to the adjustment of temperature, the passage of described ventilation can switch.
Described independence regulation and control growing area or upper strata growing area are provided with the exhaust switch be interconnected, to regulate and control temperature in each growing area and gas.Exhaust switch described in this embodiment is made up of blast pipe 15 and blower fan 14, and blower fan 14 is located in independent regulation and control growing area, and coupled blast pipe 15 leads to the insulation growing area on upper strata.Described blower fan 14 also can be located on concrete slab 702, and coupled blast pipe 15 leads to the independence regulation and control growing area of lower floor.
Blower fan 14 blast pipe 15 of each independent regulation and control growing area is arranged (only showing a set of at an independent regulation and control growing area in figure) all in pairs, half is used for upper strata to be incubated the independence regulation and control growing area that the green plantss such as vegetables in growing area produce oxygen is discharged to lower floor, and the carbonic acid gas that half is used for lower floor independently to regulate and control edible fungi generation in growing area is discharged to the insulation growing area on upper strata.
Described lower floor independently regulates and controls in growing area to be provided with temperature control system, and described temperature control system can adopt existing technology, such as can adopt air-conditioning, for temperature being adjusted to the temperature of lower floor edible mushroom.
The ceiling of described booth is provided with air chamber 9, and air chamber 9 is provided with exhausting window 901, for temperature adjustment and the ventilation of upper strata insulation growing area.
Fig. 3 is the second organization plan at I place in Fig. 2, namely adjacent two the two sides insulated walls that independently regulation and control growing area is adjacent use respective column 1, such structure, can use at interval between adjacent two independent regulation and control growing areas, also can evenly use, above two row's columns 1 of so respective use, also can aqua storage tank be set, and be connected to the passage of aqua storage tank from ceiling, thus utilize the rainwater of natural resources to greatest extent.
Fig. 4 is the cross section structure schematic diagram of the second embodiment, and the insulated wall 2 described in this kind of structure is connected with concrete slab 702, and concrete slab 702 bottom surface is provided with heat-insulation layer.In practical application, concrete slab 702 also can be directly used to do insulation roof.
From Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the lower floor of the second embodiment can be two and independently regulate and control growing area, also can be that two row independently regulate and control growing area, the number of the independence regulation and control growing area in certain practical application in each row independent regulation and control growing area can carry out choice for use as required.
Three-dimensional booth of the present invention, its structure can manufacture infinitely-great area, meets the demand of the automated production construction of base of agricultural modernization.