CN103172450B - Mushroom cultivating material and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Mushroom cultivating material and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103172450B
CN103172450B CN201310132792.3A CN201310132792A CN103172450B CN 103172450 B CN103172450 B CN 103172450B CN 201310132792 A CN201310132792 A CN 201310132792A CN 103172450 B CN103172450 B CN 103172450B
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bamboo
mushroom
natural pond
cultivating material
cultivating
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CN103172450A (en
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邬金飞
王仕伦
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Abstract

The invention discloses a mushroom cultivating material which is characterized in that bamboo sawdust, bamboo shells and biogas residues are used as raw materials, and the water content of the cultivating material is 62-65%. The invention also provides a manufacturing method of the cultivating material. Compared with the prior art, the mushroom cultivating material has the advantages that firstly, the cultivating material is reasonable in proportion, and a fungous material keeps certain air permeability, so that the growth speed of mycelia is increased, and the sackful time is shortened; secondly, bamboo sawdust particles are hard in texture and resistant to decomposition, and the biogas residues contains comprehensive nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, so that the growth of mushroom is promoted, the yield of a product is increased, and the quality of the product is improved; and thirdly, wood is replaced with bamboos and bran is replaced with the biogas residues, so that the source of a cultivating raw material is widened, and the production cost is reduced. The mushroom cultivating material has the social benefits that wood dust is replaced with the bamboo sawdust and the bamboo shells, so that part of contradiction between a fungus and forestry can be alleviated, waste materials can be changed into things of value, and energy conservation and emission reduction can be favorably realized.

Description

The making method of a kind of Mushroom cultivation material and this planting material
Technical field
Content of the present invention comprises Mushroom cultivation material compatibility, and the making method of this planting material, belongs to fungus growing technique field.
Background technology
Mushroom is second-biggest-in-the-world edible mushrooms.Due to its delicious flavour, fragrance oozes people, nutritious, not only ranks on straw mushroom, flat mushroom, white mushroom, and have the reputation of " fungi queen ".
Mushroom is a kind of wood-decay fungi, has stronger decomposition xylogen, cellulosic ability, and all the time, mushroom agriculture is all be that main raw material makes Mushroom cultivation material with wood chip.But nowadays, " bacterium-Lin " contradiction, therefore each production unit all attaches great importance to looking for cheap and good-quality alternative materials.
China is the country that enriches the most of bamboo resource in the world, be the kind of bamboo, area, accumulation or bamboo wood, the output of bamboo shoots all hero occupy first place in the world.Meanwhile, along with the bamboo shoot and bamboo processing industry fast development of China, in bamboo, bamboo shoot process process, a large amount of tankage are created: bamboo head, bamboo tail, bamboo rim charge and Compositions of Bamboo Shoot Shell.What these processing byproducts had uses as fuel thing, and what have is just discarded in factory limit, not only causes the wasting of resources, also serious environment pollution.
Along with the structural readjustment of rural industry, the aquaculture model fast development that mass-producing is intensive, while utilizing the dirt of the excrement of livestock and poultry farm to produce biogas energetically; create a large amount of natural pond slags; as a kind of new resources, under present condition, the utilization ratio of natural pond slag is low, and forms actual secondary pollution.
In fact, xylogen, cellulosic rich content in bamboo, bamboo shoot shell, can be used as the carbon source nutrition of Mushroom cultivation material, in the slag of natural pond, npk nutrient is higher, and existing quick-acting, has slow concurrently again, is therefore comparatively ideal cultivating champignon raw material.
Utilize bamboo bits, bamboo shoot shell and natural pond slag to replace wood chip, wheat bran to make Mushroom cultivation material, that is not only an Edible Fungi falls this behave, but also is a circular agriculture and environmental protection cause behave.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has following two aspects:
1, a kind of Mushroom cultivation material compatibility that is raw material with bamboo bits, bamboo shoot shell and natural pond slag.
2, the making method of Mushroom cultivation material.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of Mushroom cultivation material compatibility, has following component and quality proportioning: bamboo bits 50%-60%, bamboo shoot shell 18%-22%, natural pond slag 20%-30%, be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%.
Fresh bamboo bits, through drying, are ground into below 4mm particle.The main component of bamboo bits is xylogen 31.5%-36.6%, holocellulose 74.1%-80.0%;
Fresh bamboo shoot shell, through drying, is ground into below 5mm particle.The main component of bamboo shoot shell is crude protein 9%-13%, Mierocrystalline cellulose 36%-40%, hemicellulose 35%-46%, xylogen 1%-8%, and 19 kinds of trace elements such as calcium, phosphorus;
Natural pond slag: the natural pond slag taking out abundant fermentation maturity, with plastic film covering, natural draining (water content about 65%).Containing full nitrogen 0.8-17.9g/kg, full phosphorus 0.1-8.2g/kg, full potassium 0.05-7.9g/kg in the slag of natural pond.In addition, also containing various trace elements such as calcium, magnesium, sodium, chlorine, sulphur, silicon, copper, zinc, iron.
A making method for Mushroom cultivation material, comprises the steps:
1. first bamboo bits and bamboo shoot shell siccative are poured in stirrer and stir evenly, then slowly add water, limit edged is mixed, and makes the water content of mixture remain on 60%-63%;
2. add natural pond slag, stir, make the water content of planting material remain on 62%-65%;
3. adopt the high-pressure polyethylene bag cylinder of folding length 15cm, length 60cm, thick 0.05mm, bacterium rod standard is stock column length (45 ± 1) cm, bacterium rod weight (2.25 ± 1) kg;
4. bacterium rod is carried out normal-pressure sterilization, when kettle temperature reaches 100 DEG C (after discharge cold air), keep 10h-12h, then naturally cool to less than 25 DEG C;
5. beat cave inoculation (pocket tow sides stagger) at 5, after inoculation, culturing room's temperature controls at 20 DEG C-22 DEG C, relative air humidity controls at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 47d-51d, mycelia covers with bacterium bag, just enters de-bag annesl and management of producing mushroom.
The present invention for raw material, makes Mushroom cultivation material with bamboo bits, bamboo shoot shell and natural pond slag.Its advantage is: one is that culture utilization is reasonable, and bacterium material keeps certain air permeability, and mycelial growth rate is accelerated, purseful time shorten; Two is the hard resistance to decomposition of bamboo bits granular texture, natural pond slag nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium nutrition is comprehensive, facilitates the growth of mushroom, improves product production and quality; Three be wood substituted by bamboo, with natural pond slag replace wheat bran, widened culturing raw material channel, reduced production cost.Social benefit of the present invention is, substitutes wood chip with bamboo bits, bamboo shoot shell, can relax a part " bacterium-Lin " contradiction, turn waste into wealth, be conducive to energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Embodiment
Mode 1: in the present embodiment, Mushroom cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: bamboo bits 50%, bamboo shoot shell 22%, natural pond slag 28%.
Making method:
1. first bamboo bits and bamboo shoot shell siccative are poured in stirrer and stir evenly, then slowly add water, limit edged is mixed, and makes the water content of mixture remain on 60%-63%;
2. add natural pond slag, stir, make the water content of planting material remain on 62%-65%;
3. adopt the high-pressure polyethylene bag cylinder of folding length 15cm, length 60cm, thick 0.05mm, bacterium rod standard is stock column length (45 ± 1) cm, bacterium rod weight (2.25 ± 1) kg;
4. bacterium rod is carried out normal-pressure sterilization, when kettle temperature reaches 100 DEG C (after discharge cold air), keep 10h-12h, then naturally cool to less than 25 DEG C;
5. beat cave inoculation (pocket tow sides stagger) at 5, after inoculation, culturing room's temperature controls at 20 DEG C-22 DEG C, relative air humidity controls at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 47d-51d, mycelia covers with bacterium bag, just enters de-bag annesl and management of producing mushroom.
Utilize the planting material mushroom culture of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 134.8%.
Mode 2: in the present embodiment, Mushroom cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: bamboo bits 54%, bamboo shoot shell 20%, natural pond slag 26%.Making method reference example 1.Utilize the planting material mushroom culture of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 136.7%.
Mode 3: in the present embodiment, Mushroom cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: bamboo bits 58%, bamboo shoot shell 18%, natural pond slag 24%.Making method reference example 1.Utilize the planting material mushroom culture of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 138.5%.
Mode 4 (control group): conventional generation expects Mushroom cultivation material, wood chip 78%, wheat bran 20%, gypsum 1%, sugar 1%; Biological efficiency is 120.5%.
Compared with control group, the bamboo bits planting material mycelia purseful number of days of mode used generally shortens, and this is because planting material matrix composition and proportioning are comparatively reasonable, packs rear bacterium material good permeability, is beneficial to mycelial growth; In output, the bamboo bits planting material biological efficiency of mode used all exceedes control level.
Table different ingredients output condition

Claims (1)

1. a making method for Mushroom cultivation material, is characterized in that: described planting material is containing, for example lower component and quality proportioning: bamboo bits 58%, bamboo shoot shell 18%, natural pond slag 24%, and be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%; Described bamboo powder is broken into below 4mm particle; Described bamboo shoot shell is ground into below 5mm particle; Described natural pond slag, through abundant fermentation maturity, drains moisture naturally, and its water content is 65%; The making method of described planting material is:
1. first bamboo bits and bamboo shoot shell siccative are poured in stirrer and stir evenly, then slowly add water, limit edged is mixed, and makes the water content of mixture remain on 60%-63%;
2. add natural pond slag, stir, make the water content of planting material remain on 62%-65%;
3. adopt the high-pressure polyethylene bag cylinder of folding length 15cm, length 60cm, thick 0.05mm, bacterium rod standard is stock column length 45cm, bacterium rod weight 2.25kg;
4. bacterium rod is carried out normal-pressure sterilization, when after discharge cold air, when kettle temperature reaches 100 DEG C, keep 10h-12h, then naturally cool to less than 25 DEG C;
Play cave inoculation at 5 that made planting material employing tow sides stagger, after inoculation, culturing room's temperature controls at 20 DEG C-22 DEG C, relative air humidity controls at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 47d-51d, mycelia covers with bacterium bag, just enters de-bag annesl and management of producing mushroom.
CN201310132792.3A 2013-03-29 2013-03-29 Mushroom cultivating material and manufacturing method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103172450B (en)

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DK3022286T3 (en) 2013-07-16 2019-09-16 Advanced Substrate Tech A/S Process for recycling biomass between mushroom cultivation and anaerobic biogas fermentation and for separating and drying a degassed biomass
CN103724078A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes cultivation material usedusing bamboo shoot shell as raw material and preparation method of lentinula edodes cultivation material
CN104016768B (en) * 2014-05-07 2016-03-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of corn cob is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104326805A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-02-04 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinus edodes culture medium with wood chip as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104326804A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-02-04 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinula edodes culture medium including asparagus older stem and preparation method thereof
CN104541981B (en) * 2015-01-14 2017-01-04 贵州永兴农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of method using biogas residue and biogas slurry cultivation spring sowing Lentinus Edodes
CN104744137A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-01 邬金梅 Preparation method of lentinus edodes cultivation material
CN104744141A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-01 邬金梅 Preparation method of lentinus edodes cultivation material
CN104744142A (en) * 2015-03-05 2015-07-01 邬金梅 Preparation method of lentinus edodes cultivation material
CN104686209A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-10 戈静 Method for cultivating mushroom by fermented biogas residue materials
CN108934775A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-07 贺州迅凯农作物病虫害防治专业合作社 A kind of production method of Mushroom cultivation material
CN109496696A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-22 罗源县中房镇人民政府 Mushroom cultivation material sterilization process
CN111149622A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-15 广东新路仕农业科技发展有限公司 Bamboo shoot mushroom cultivation method for moisturizing and increasing yield by using bamboo shoot shell powder
CN114027100A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-02-11 竹山县绿谷食用菌有限公司 Method for cultivating edible fungi by using bamboo sawdust as main raw material

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