CN103130576A - Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material - Google Patents

Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103130576A
CN103130576A CN2013100913763A CN201310091376A CN103130576A CN 103130576 A CN103130576 A CN 103130576A CN 2013100913763 A CN2013100913763 A CN 2013100913763A CN 201310091376 A CN201310091376 A CN 201310091376A CN 103130576 A CN103130576 A CN 103130576A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
culture
compatibility
broad bean
turning
skin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013100913763A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103130576B (en
Inventor
邬金飞
林亚芬
王仕伦
程洁
黄涛
Original Assignee
邬金飞
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 邬金飞 filed Critical 邬金飞
Priority to CN201310091376.3A priority Critical patent/CN103130576B/en
Publication of CN103130576A publication Critical patent/CN103130576A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103130576B publication Critical patent/CN103130576B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to compatibility of an oyster mushroom culture material, and the culture material is characterized in that broad bean seed coats (not pods) and bacterial residues are taken as main materials, wood flour, wheat bran, quicklime powder, gypsum and calcium phosphate are taken as auxiliary materials, and the water content in the culture material is 60-62%. The content of the invention further comprises a manufacturing method of the culture material. The culture material disclosed by the invention has the advantages in the following three aspects: 1) the channel of culture raw materials is expanded and the cost is reduced; 2) a fermentation material is taken as a crude material for culture, and the use of energy can be reduced; and 3) the culture material prepared by the compatibility is strong in anti-impurity capability and high in yield. The culture material disclosed by the invention has the social benefits that the broad bean seed coats are used for replacing the wood flour, so that one part of 'bacteria-forest' contradiction can be alleviated; and the bacterial residues are re-utilized, and the wastes are changed into a valuable thing so as to be conductive to saving energy and reducing emission.

Description

The making method of a kind of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility and this planting material
Technical field
Content of the present invention comprises the Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility, and the making method of this planting material, belongs to the fungus growing technique field.
Background technology
Flat mushroom, meat fertilizer is tender, and delicious flavour is nutritious, and the good name of " mountain delicacy " and " Vegetable meat " is arranged.
Flat mushroom decomposition of cellulose and xylogen very capable, so always, the mushroom agriculture is all as culturing raw material aborning with wood chip and cotton seed hulls.But nowadays, " bacterium-Lin " contradiction, the price of cotton seed hulls class raw material is also one to rise and rise again, so each production unit is all attached great importance to and looked for cheap and good-quality alternative materials.
Broad bean is at China's cultivation history of existing more than 2000, and there is plantation in most of provinces in the whole nation.Areas to the south, the Changjiang river broad bean is take autumn sowing winter kind as main, and North of Yangtze River is early to sow in spring as main.
Over nearly 10 years, Chinese broad bean is produced area and is reached more than 130 ten thousand hectares, accounts for 45.7% of world's total area, is the first in the world.
Broad bean beans meat is the main raw material of brewery, and broad bean kind skin is the tankage of brewery.At present, broad bean kind skin is except a part is used as fuel, and it is discarded that major part all is taken as rubbish.
But in fact, broad bean kind skin contains a large amount of xylogen, Mierocrystalline cellulose and hemicellulose, is comparatively ideal edible fungus culturing raw material.
The bacterium slag is tankage remaining after edible mushroom.At present, Pleurotus eryngii, needle mushroom mostly are batch production production, the damp mushroom of the 1-2 that generally only gathers in production, thereby still contain a large amount of Mierocrystalline celluloses, hemicellulose, xylogen, fat, amino acid, mineral substance and mycelium (including the residual body protein of abundant mycelia) and mycelial meta-bolites in the bacterium slag, still have higher utility value on Edible Fungi.
Therefore, utilize these tankage to be not only this behave of falling of an Edible Fungi, but also be a circular agriculture and environmental protection cause behave.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has following two aspects:
1, provide Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility take broad bean kind skin as main raw material.
2, the making method of broad bean kind skin Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
One group of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility is characterized in that the component of this planting material has following quality proportioning: broad bean kind skin 30%-50%, bacterium slag 30%-40%, wood chip 10%-20%, wheat bran 6%-8%, calcium lime powder 1%, gypsum 1%, calcium superphosphate 1%.
Broad bean kind skin through drying, is ground into the following particle of 5mm particle diameter.The main component of broad bean kind skin is Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, xylogen, still contains in addition certain mineral substance, protein, VITAMIN etc.Wherein Mierocrystalline cellulose is 56.8%, hemicellulose 11.8%, xylogen 8.7%, crude protein 4.64%, structural protein 4.12%.
Wood chip is the deciduous tree weed tree sawdust.
The bacterium slag is tankage remaining after Pleurotus eryngii, needle mushroom fruiting.Bacterium slag (removing living contaminants bacterium slag) is crushed, dried.
Wheat bran is commercially available.
A kind of making method of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material is characterized in that containing and has the following steps:
1. shine material: the 1d-2d that before spice, raw material is exposed to the sun, utilize ultraviolet ray to kill part miscellaneous bacteria in raw material;
2. the fermentation of banking up: first broad bean kind skin and wood chip are mixed under drying regime and turned over evenly, thereafter with these compounds with 1% lime aqueous solution prewet (fully drenched), then wet feed is piled high 1.0m-1.2m, wide 2m-3m, the trapezoidal heap that length is not limit, the culture material of every heap is controlled at dry weight 250kg-500kg, after carrying out heap, surrounding is patted, then insert some vertical pores with the wooden stick of diameter 10cm-15cm on heap, at the bottom of straight through reactor, stomatal frequency is 1/m 3, cover at last straw mat by its spontaneous fermentation;
3. turning: after material temperature reaches 60 ℃, keep 24h, then carry out turning, and later on turning every day once, adds successively bacterium slag, wheat bran and other auxiliary material when turning for the third time, and the water content of looking windrow keeps the skin wet, turning number of times 4-5 time altogether, time remaining 6d-7d, when stopping fermentation, the water content of culture material is 60%-62%.Fermentation material can directly spread furrow, sowing through after dispelling the heat, and sends out routinely bacterium, management of producing mushroom.
The novel method of utilizing broad bean kind skin and bacterium slag for cultivating flat mushroom provided by the invention has the advantage of three aspects:: the one, widened the culturing raw material channel, and reduced cost; The 2nd, make cultivation in raw material with fermentation material, can reduce the energy and use; The 3rd, the anti-assorted power of the planting material made of compatibility is strong thus, and output is high.Social benefit of the present invention is, substitutes wood chip with broad bean kind skin and can relax a part " bacterium-Lin " contradiction; The bacterium slag is recycled, turn waste into wealth, be conducive to energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Embodiment
Mode 1: in the present embodiment, Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: broad bean kind skin 32%, bacterium slag 40%, wood chip 19%, wheat bran 6%, calcium lime powder 1%, gypsum 1%, calcium superphosphate 1%.
Making method: first with broad bean kind skin and wood chip is dried turns over evenly, prewet with the 1% right grey aqueous solution again and build the heap fermentation, after reaching 60 ℃, material temperature keeps 24h, rear turning, and later turning every day is once, add successively bacterium slag, wheat bran and other auxiliary material when turning for the third time, adjust moisture depending on the windrow water content, turning is 4-5 time altogether, and the time length is 6d-7d approximately, when stopping fermentation, the water content of planting material is 60%-62%.The planting material that ferments has fragrant, after heat radiation, can directly spread furrow, sowing, sends out bacterium, management of producing mushroom.Utilize the planting material cultivating white mushroom of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 135.5%.
Mode 2: in the present embodiment, Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: broad bean kind skin 38%, bacterium slag 37%, wood chip 16%, wheat bran 6%, calcium lime powder 1%, gypsum 1%, calcium superphosphate 1%.Making method reference example 1.Utilize the planting material cultivating white mushroom of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 134.2%.
Mode 3: in the present embodiment, Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: broad bean kind skin 42%, bacterium slag 34%, wood chip 14%, wheat bran 7%, calcium lime powder 1%, gypsum 1%, calcium superphosphate 1%.Making method reference example 1.Utilize the planting material cultivating white mushroom of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 132.8%.
Mode 4: in the present embodiment, Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material comprises following component and quality proportioning: broad bean kind skin 48%, bacterium slag 30%, wood chip 11%, wheat bran 8%, calcium lime powder 1%, gypsum 1%, calcium superphosphate 1%.Making method reference example 1.Utilize the planting material cultivating white mushroom of the present embodiment, biological efficiency reaches 133.4%.
Table different ingredients output situation

Claims (5)

1. one group of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility, its component and quality proportioning are:
Broad bean kind skin 30%-50%;
Bacterium slag 30%-40%;
Wood chip 10%-20%;
Wheat bran 6%-8%;
Calcium lime powder 1%;
Gypsum 1%;
Calcium superphosphate 1%;
It is more than the quality proportioning of dry-matter.
2. one group of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the particle diameter of described broad bean kind skin is controlled at below 5mm.
3. one group of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material compatibility according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described bacterium slag is remaining tankage after needle mushroom, pleurotus eryngii fruiting finish.
4. the making method of a kind of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material described according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
1. shine material: the 1d-2d that before spice, raw material is exposed to the sun, utilize ultraviolet ray to kill part miscellaneous bacteria in raw material;
2. the fermentation of banking up: first broad bean kind skin and wood chip are mixed under drying regime and turned over evenly, thereafter with these compounds with 1% lime aqueous solution prewet (fully drenched), then wet feed is piled high 1.0m-1.2m, wide 2m-3m, the trapezoidal heap that length is not limit, the culture material of every heap is controlled at dry weight 250kg-500kg, after carrying out heap, surrounding is patted, then insert some vertical pores with the wooden stick of diameter 10cm-15cm on heap, at the bottom of straight through reactor, stomatal frequency is 1/m 3, cover at last straw mat by its spontaneous fermentation;
3. turning: after material temperature reaches 60 ℃, keep 24h, then carry out turning, and later on turning every day once, adds successively bacterium slag, wheat bran and other auxiliary material when turning for the third time, and the water content of looking windrow keeps the skin wet, the turning number of times is 4-5 time altogether, time remaining 6d-7d, when stopping fermentation, the water content of culture material is 60%-62%.
5. utilize the making method of the Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation material described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: fermentation material can directly spread furrow, sowing through after dispelling the heat, and sends out routinely bacterium, management of producing mushroom.
CN201310091376.3A 2013-03-07 2013-03-07 Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material Expired - Fee Related CN103130576B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310091376.3A CN103130576B (en) 2013-03-07 2013-03-07 Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310091376.3A CN103130576B (en) 2013-03-07 2013-03-07 Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103130576A true CN103130576A (en) 2013-06-05
CN103130576B CN103130576B (en) 2015-04-15

Family

ID=48491087

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310091376.3A Expired - Fee Related CN103130576B (en) 2013-03-07 2013-03-07 Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103130576B (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103304336A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Formula for coprinus comatus stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103304337A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Formula for agaricus blazei murill stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103319260A (en) * 2013-06-23 2013-09-25 邬金飞 Formula of coprinus comatus stock compost and manufacturing method of compost
CN103387447A (en) * 2013-07-07 2013-11-13 邬金飞 Oyster mushroom cultivation material combination and production method thereof
CN103396230A (en) * 2013-07-23 2013-11-20 邬金飞 Formula and manufacturing method of Pleurotus citrinopileatus culture material
CN103396237A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-20 邬金飞 Nebrodensis cultivation material compatibility and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103435408A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-11 邬金飞 Pholiota nameko cultivation material compatibility and method for manufacturing cultivation material
CN103483065A (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-01-01 邬金飞 Method for preventing and controlling mixed fungus through table salt used in oyster mushroom raw material cultivation
CN103508812A (en) * 2013-10-08 2014-01-15 邬方成 Method for utilizing hickory producing and processing waste to prepare oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN103641633A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-19 山东福禾菌业科技有限公司 Agaricus bisporus culture material
CN104429624A (en) * 2015-01-03 2015-03-25 邬方成 Oyster mushroom cultivation method
CN104488567A (en) * 2015-01-18 2015-04-08 邬金飞 Pleurotus cornucopiae cultivation method
CN105016909A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-04 青岛华盛绿能农业科技有限公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium utilizing Pleurotus eryngii waste and method for cultivating oyster mushrooms with culture medium
CN106305137A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 山东福禾菌业科技有限公司 Process for producing pink oyster mushrooms by utilizing fungi residues
CN111788993A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-10-20 湖南和平生物科技有限公司 Oyster mushroom cultivation method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102173921A (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-09-07 浙江工业大学 Edible fungi culture matrix prepared with fermentation fungi residues
CN102197762A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-09-28 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Method for producing oyster mushroom
CN102612996A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 常熟市海虹苗木花卉有限公司 Method for using corn cobs to cultivate oyster mushroom
CN102875239A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-16 杭州市农业科学研究院 Culture medium for edible fungi and production method of culture medium

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102173921A (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-09-07 浙江工业大学 Edible fungi culture matrix prepared with fermentation fungi residues
CN102197762A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-09-28 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Method for producing oyster mushroom
CN102612996A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 常熟市海虹苗木花卉有限公司 Method for using corn cobs to cultivate oyster mushroom
CN102875239A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-16 杭州市农业科学研究院 Culture medium for edible fungi and production method of culture medium

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
邬金飞: "蚕豆壳窄行式栽培平菇技术", 《食用菌》 *

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103304336A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Formula for coprinus comatus stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103304336B (en) * 2013-06-20 2015-03-25 邬金飞 Formula for coprinus comatus stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103319260A (en) * 2013-06-23 2013-09-25 邬金飞 Formula of coprinus comatus stock compost and manufacturing method of compost
CN103304337A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-09-18 邬金飞 Formula for agaricus blazei murill stock culture material and method for preparing culture material
CN103387447A (en) * 2013-07-07 2013-11-13 邬金飞 Oyster mushroom cultivation material combination and production method thereof
CN103387447B (en) * 2013-07-07 2015-04-15 邬金飞 Oyster mushroom cultivation material combination and production method thereof
CN103396230A (en) * 2013-07-23 2013-11-20 邬金飞 Formula and manufacturing method of Pleurotus citrinopileatus culture material
CN103396230B (en) * 2013-07-23 2014-12-24 邬金飞 Formula and manufacturing method of Pleurotus citrinopileatus culture material
CN103396237A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-20 邬金飞 Nebrodensis cultivation material compatibility and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103435408B (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-04-22 邬金飞 Pholiota nameko cultivation material compatibility and method for manufacturing cultivation material
CN103435408A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-11 邬金飞 Pholiota nameko cultivation material compatibility and method for manufacturing cultivation material
CN103483065A (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-01-01 邬金飞 Method for preventing and controlling mixed fungus through table salt used in oyster mushroom raw material cultivation
CN103508812A (en) * 2013-10-08 2014-01-15 邬方成 Method for utilizing hickory producing and processing waste to prepare oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN103508812B (en) * 2013-10-08 2015-05-06 邬方成 Method for utilizing hickory producing and processing waste to prepare oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN103641633A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-19 山东福禾菌业科技有限公司 Agaricus bisporus culture material
CN104429624A (en) * 2015-01-03 2015-03-25 邬方成 Oyster mushroom cultivation method
CN104488567A (en) * 2015-01-18 2015-04-08 邬金飞 Pleurotus cornucopiae cultivation method
CN105016909A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-04 青岛华盛绿能农业科技有限公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium utilizing Pleurotus eryngii waste and method for cultivating oyster mushrooms with culture medium
CN106305137A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 山东福禾菌业科技有限公司 Process for producing pink oyster mushrooms by utilizing fungi residues
CN111788993A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-10-20 湖南和平生物科技有限公司 Oyster mushroom cultivation method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103130576B (en) 2015-04-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103130576B (en) Compatibility of oyster mushroom culture material and manufacturing method of culture material
CN103396255B (en) Compatible product and preparation method of pleurotus cornucopiae cultivation material
CN103145462B (en) Enoki mushroom stock culture material and making method thereof
CN103408369B (en) Compatibility and manufacturing method of Pleurotus eryngii cultivation material
CN103396245B (en) Pleurotus cornucopiae cultivation material compatibility and production method of pleurotus cornucopiae cultivation material
CN103408368B (en) Compatibility and manufacturing method of Hericium erinaceus cultivation material
CN103435408B (en) Pholiota nameko cultivation material compatibility and method for manufacturing cultivation material
CN103524178B (en) Method for preparing needle mushroom cultivating material by utilizing wastes generated by Chinese walnut producing and processing
CN103641614B (en) Method for manufacturing Grifola frondosa culture material from sunflower byproducts
CN103242092A (en) Needle mushroom cultivation material taking tea pruning branches and leaves as main raw materials and manufacturing method
CN103387466B (en) Black fungus culture compatible product and preparation method of culture
CN103420734B (en) Medicine compatibility and manufacturing method of straw mushroom cultivation material
CN103396247B (en) Shitake mushroom cultivation material compatibility and production method of shitake mushroom cultivation material
CN103467203B (en) Compatibility and production method of abalone mushroom cultivation material
CN103387447B (en) Oyster mushroom cultivation material combination and production method thereof
CN103641556B (en) Method for manufacturing pholiota nameko culture material from sunflower byproducts
CN103435407B (en) Pleurotus citrinopileatus cultivation material compatibility and preparation method of cultivation material
CN103420733A (en) Medicine compatibility and manufacturing method of abalone mushroom cultivation material
CN103435399B (en) Prescription of auricularia polytricha cultivation material and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103396227A (en) Formula and manufacturing method of pleurotus cornucopiae culture material
CN103387470B (en) Pleurotus nebrodensis culture compatible product and preparation method of culture
CN103641566A (en) Method for manufacturing pleurotus cornucopiae culture material from sunflower byproducts
CN103242102B (en) Oyster mushroom cultivation material compatibility and preparation method of cultivation material
CN103641612A (en) Method for manufacturing Tricholoma lobayense Heim culture material from sunflower byproducts
CN103483058B (en) Formula and manufacturing method of coprinus comatus culture material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20160307

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee