CN104326805A - Lentinus edodes culture medium with wood chip as raw material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Lentinus edodes culture medium with wood chip as raw material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104326805A
CN104326805A CN201410509685.2A CN201410509685A CN104326805A CN 104326805 A CN104326805 A CN 104326805A CN 201410509685 A CN201410509685 A CN 201410509685A CN 104326805 A CN104326805 A CN 104326805A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
raw
wood chip
medical stone
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201410509685.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐宏岩
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YINGSHANG COUNTY HONGTAO MUSHROOM INDUSTRY PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
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YINGSHANG COUNTY HONGTAO MUSHROOM INDUSTRY PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
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Priority to CN201410509685.2A priority Critical patent/CN104326805A/en
Publication of CN104326805A publication Critical patent/CN104326805A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers

Abstract

A lentinus edodes culture medium with wood chips as a raw material and a preparation method thereof. The lentinus edodes culture medium is prepared from following raw materials including, by weight, 90-95 parts of wood chips, 30-35 parts of cotton seed hulls, 22-25 parts of wheat bran, 10-12 parts of rice bran, 20-22 parts of biogas residues, 1-2 parts of gypsum powder, 10-11 parts of corn flour, 2-3 parts of saccharose, 8-10 parts of corn starch, 2-3 parts of rapeseed oil, 7-9 parts of egg liquid, 0.4-0.5 parts of potassium humate, 0.3-0.4 parts of magnesium sulfate, 0.1-0.2 parts of polyglutamic acid, 3-4 parts of rose flowers, 4-5 parts of lotus leaves, 2-3 parts of lemongrass, 3-4 parts of sterculia lychnophora, 3-4 parts of aster subulatus, 10-11 parts of glutinous rice, 12-15 parts of bone glue and 8-9 parts of a nutritional additive. In the lentinus edodes culture medium, the added biogas residues are rich in organic substances, humus, micro elements, various amino acids and the like. By means of the biogas residues as the raw material, circulating chain of biomass energy is prolonged. In addition, the culture medium is improved in adsorption performance to mercury since medical stone added in the culture medium is soaked in a H2O2 solution.

Description

A kind of wood chip is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relating to a kind of wood chip is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Mushroom is second-biggest-in-the-world edible mushrooms, one of Ye Shi China special product, and it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, and its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact mushroom production and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of wood chip is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof, and the present invention has the high feature of mushroom quality that is nutritious, that cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Wood chip is a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: wood chip 90-95, cotton seed hulls 30-35, wheat bran 22-25, rice bran 10-12, natural pond slag 20-22, terra alba 1-2, Semen Maydis powder 10-11, sucrose 2-3, W-Gum 8-10, rapeseed oil 2-3, egg liquid 7-9, potassium humate 0.4-0.5, magnesium sulfate 0.3-0.4, polyglutamic acid 0.1-0.2, Rose 3-4, lotus leaf 4-5, lemongrass 2-3, Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae 3-4, the careless 3-4 of auspicious company, glutinous rice 10-11, gelatine 12-15, nutritional additive 8-9;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: medical stone 10-11, acid-sludge 4-5, bean dregs 6-7, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.3-0.4, natural pond liquid 3-4, duck blood meal 5-6;
Preparation method is: medical stone is placed in the H of 0.5mol/L by (1) 2o 2soak in solution after 3 hours and take out, grinding powder after drying at 150 DEG C, obtains modification medical stone powder;
(2) acid-sludge, bean dregs are mixed with sarcodactylis oil fu, natural pond liquid mix thoroughly, carry out micronizing after oven dry, then mix with modification medical stone powder and leftover materials, to obtain final product.
Described wood chip is the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium of raw material, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Rose, lotus leaf, lemongrass, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae, Rui Liancao are added 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner, cream endured by little fire;
(2) wood chip, cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, rice bran, natural pond slag are carried out micronizing, for subsequent use;
(3) glutinous rice is added 9-9.5 water doubly and carry out defibrination, then add gelatine, be heated to 75 DEG C, after gelatine melts completely, mix stirring with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, being pressed into diameter is 14-15cm, and length is the ear of maize of 30-32cm;
(4) step (4) gained material is loaded polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
The herb that auspicious even grass in the present invention is feverfew brill leaf aster.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The natural pond slag that substratum of the present invention adds is rich in organic matter, soil ulmin, trace element, multiple amino acids etc., adopts it as raw material, extends the endless chain of biomass energy, and the medical stone that the present invention adds is through H 2o 2after solution soaking, improve the absorption property to mercury, in addition, the present invention is also containing multiple medicinal herb components, and the mushroom cultivated has health-care effect.
Embodiment
Wood chip is a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): wood chip 95, cotton seed hulls 35, wheat bran 25, rice bran 12, natural pond slag 22, terra alba 2, Semen Maydis powder 11, sucrose 2, W-Gum 10, rapeseed oil 3, egg liquid 9, potassium humate 0.5, magnesium sulfate 0.4, polyglutamic acid 0.1, Rose 3, lotus leaf 5, lemongrass 3, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae 4, auspicious even grass 4, glutinous rice 11, gelatine 15, nutritional additive 8;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): medical stone 10, acid-sludge 5, bean dregs 6, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.4, natural pond liquid 4, duck blood meal 6;
Preparation method is: medical stone is placed in the H of 0.5mol/L by (1) 2o 2soak in solution after 3 hours and take out, grinding powder after drying at 150 DEG C, obtains modification medical stone powder;
(2) acid-sludge, bean dregs are mixed with sarcodactylis oil fu, natural pond liquid mix thoroughly, carry out micronizing after oven dry, then mix with modification medical stone powder and leftover materials, to obtain final product.
Described wood chip is the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) Rose, lotus leaf, lemongrass, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae, Rui Liancao are added 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner, cream endured by little fire;
(2) wood chip, cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, rice bran, natural pond slag are carried out micronizing, for subsequent use;
(3) glutinous rice is added 9-9.5 water doubly and carry out defibrination, then add gelatine, be heated to 75 DEG C, after gelatine melts completely, mix stirring with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, being pressed into diameter is 14-15cm, and length is the ear of maize of 30-32cm;
(4) step (4) gained material is loaded polyethylene plastic bag, add bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
See the following form with mushroom culture medium of the present invention and existing mushroom culture medium mushroom culture comparative result.
Can draw from table: mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, through experimental cultivation, per kilogram mushroom culture medium results mushroom amount, than existing substratum volume increase more than 70%, and the mushroom handle of mushroom is short, and mushroom meat is plump, and quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. wood chip is a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Wood chip 90-95, cotton seed hulls 30-35, wheat bran 22-25, rice bran 10-12, natural pond slag 20-22, terra alba 1-2, Semen Maydis powder 10-11, sucrose 2-3, W-Gum 8-10, rapeseed oil 2-3, egg liquid 7-9, potassium humate 0.4-0.5, magnesium sulfate 0.3-0.4, polyglutamic acid 0.1-0.2, Rose 3-4, lotus leaf 4-5, lemongrass 2-3, Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae 3-4, the careless 3-4 of auspicious company, glutinous rice 10-11, gelatine 12-15, nutritional additive 8-9;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: medical stone 10-11, acid-sludge 4-5, bean dregs 6-7, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.3-0.4, natural pond liquid 3-4, duck blood meal 5-6;
Preparation method is: medical stone is placed in the H of 0.5mol/L by (1) 20 2soak in solution after 3 hours and take out, grinding powder after drying at 150 DEG C, obtains modification medical stone powder;
(2) acid-sludge, bean dregs are mixed with sarcodactylis oil fu, natural pond liquid mix thoroughly, carry out micronizing after oven dry, then mix with modification medical stone powder and leftover materials, to obtain final product.
2. wood chip according to claim 1 is the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium of raw material, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) Rose, lotus leaf, lemongrass, the Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae, Rui Liancao are added 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner, cream endured by little fire;
(2) wood chip, cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, rice bran, natural pond slag are carried out micronizing, for subsequent use;
(3) glutinous rice is added 9-9.5 water doubly and carry out defibrination, then add gelatine, be heated to 75 DEG C, after gelatine melts completely, mix stirring with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, being pressed into diameter is 14-15cm, and length is the ear of maize of 30-32cm;
Step (4) gained material is loaded polyethylene plastic bag, adds bubble and send out, control water content between 65-67%, adopt the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
CN201410509685.2A 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Lentinus edodes culture medium with wood chip as raw material and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN104326805A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105237112A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 High-effective culture medium for lentinula edodes with white oak chip as raw material and preparation method of same
CN105706882A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-29 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 Tomato seedling raising medium
CN106064981A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-11-02 柳州市金绿生物科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom culture medium
CN109499537A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-22 南京理工大学 The preparation method of modified biomass coke demercuration adsorbent
CN111153733A (en) * 2018-10-22 2020-05-15 临泉县福庆生物科技有限公司 Culture medium for planting shiitake mushrooms and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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JP2002121092A (en) * 2000-10-11 2002-04-23 Nakata Giken:Kk Carbide deposited with microorganism, gradation fertilizer using the same, medium or artificial culture of mushroom and method of manufacturing this carbide and gradation fertilizer
CN103172450A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-06-26 邬金飞 Mushroom cultivating material and manufacturing method thereof
CN104016777A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-03 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Shiitake culture medium prepared from cottonseed hull and preparation method thereof
CN104030781A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-10 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Shiitake medium with sawdust as raw material, and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4420319A (en) * 1981-08-09 1983-12-13 Spawn Mate, Inc. Mushroom growth enhancers and method for preparing same
JP2002121092A (en) * 2000-10-11 2002-04-23 Nakata Giken:Kk Carbide deposited with microorganism, gradation fertilizer using the same, medium or artificial culture of mushroom and method of manufacturing this carbide and gradation fertilizer
CN103172450A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-06-26 邬金飞 Mushroom cultivating material and manufacturing method thereof
CN104016777A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-03 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Shiitake culture medium prepared from cottonseed hull and preparation method thereof
CN104030781A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-09-10 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Shiitake medium with sawdust as raw material, and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
王银叶 等: "改性麦饭石用于除铅、镉、汞废水吸附剂的开发与应用", 《山西师大学报(自然科学版)》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105237112A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 High-effective culture medium for lentinula edodes with white oak chip as raw material and preparation method of same
CN105706882A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-29 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 Tomato seedling raising medium
CN105706882B (en) * 2016-03-15 2019-01-04 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 tomato seedling substrate
CN106064981A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-11-02 柳州市金绿生物科技有限公司 A kind of mushroom culture medium
CN111153733A (en) * 2018-10-22 2020-05-15 临泉县福庆生物科技有限公司 Culture medium for planting shiitake mushrooms and preparation method thereof
CN109499537A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-22 南京理工大学 The preparation method of modified biomass coke demercuration adsorbent

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Application publication date: 20150204