CN102934573A - Method for planting fructus forsythiae on barren mountains - Google Patents

Method for planting fructus forsythiae on barren mountains Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102934573A
CN102934573A CN2012104036111A CN201210403611A CN102934573A CN 102934573 A CN102934573 A CN 102934573A CN 2012104036111 A CN2012104036111 A CN 2012104036111A CN 201210403611 A CN201210403611 A CN 201210403611A CN 102934573 A CN102934573 A CN 102934573A
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China
Prior art keywords
capsule
seedlings
weeping forsythia
fructus forsythiae
seedling
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CN2012104036111A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘春勤
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2012104036111A priority Critical patent/CN102934573A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting fructus forsythiae on barren mountains. The method comprises the following steps of: soaking fructus forsythiae seeds in warm water, disinfecting the fructus forsythiae seeds by potassium permanganate, and then doping the fructus forsythiae seeds in fine sand to germinate; raising seedlings from the germinated seeds which are put in nutrition bags filled with nutrition earth; transplanting the seedlings which grow to be 10cm high in horizontal ditches of sloping fields of the barren mountains, wherein the line spacing of the seedlings is 2m, and the row spacing of the seedlings ranges from 50cm to 80cm; and performing hill dressing on the seedlings which grow to be 50cm high, wherein the hill dressing is performed for three times in the growth cycle of the seedlings. The method can be used for planting the fructus forsythiae on a large scale on the barren mountains, realizes comprehensive treatment on the barren mountains, and have functions of preventing water and soil erosion.

Description

A kind of method of the deserted mountain plantation capsule of weeping forsythia
Technical field
The invention belongs to the Chinese herbal medicine cultivation technology field, relate to a kind of cultivation and grow method of the capsule of weeping forsythia.
Background technology
The capsule of weeping forsythia is the fruit of the Oleaceae plants capsule of weeping forsythia, contain phillygenol, forsythin, forsythol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, arctiin and aglycon thereof, martairesinol, podocarpus resin acid glycosides etc., effect with clearing heat and detoxicating, dispersing swelling and dissipating binds, dispelling wind and heat from the body, be mainly used in treating ulcer, scrofula, acute mastitis, erysipelas, anemopyretic cold, warm disease from the beginning of, warmly join the army, high hot polydipsia, coma are sent out spot, heat is drenched the diseases such as renal shutdown.
Capsule of weeping forsythia commodity are mainly derived from wild resource, in the wild slope, half Yinshan Mountains or the thin shrub of endroit in 600~2000 meters of height above sea level.That capsule of weeping forsythia growth is liked is warm, the environment of drying and illumination abundance, and property is cold-resistant, drought-enduring, avoids waterlogging.Although present being in great demand of the capsule of weeping forsythia on the market, the artificial cultivation area of the capsule of weeping forsythia is very little.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method at the deserted mountain plantation capsule of weeping forsythia, to realize the artificial cultivation of the capsule of weeping forsythia, improve the artificial cultivation area of the capsule of weeping forsythia.
Deserted mountain plantation capsule of weeping forsythia method of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1, Forsythia Suspensa Seeds was soaked in 45 ℃ warm water 1~5 hour, used the 0.5wt% disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate 1~2 hour again, clear water is rinsed well, mixes in the fine sand of 2~3 times of seed weights, places leeward area without shade to seed germination;
2, germination seed clicked and entered in the nutritious bag that Nutrition Soil is housed comforted seedlings and soil, 5~10 of every bag of points, two days water sprays once, thinning after height of seedling reaches 2~3 centimetres keeps a strain seedling, treats to transplant when seedling grows to 10 centimetres high;
3, open up wasteland horizontal ditch along contour on barren hillside land, line-spacing is 2 meters between horizontal ditch, and to horizontal ditch, 50~80 centimetres of spacing in the rows are watered after transplanting with the transplantation of seedlings of capsule of weeping forsythia kind;
4, spread manuer in holes after seedling grows to 50 centimetres high and topdress, spraying fertilizer is 3 times in the growth cycle.
Wherein, described Nutrition Soil is formulated by become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer, 5~15 weight portion fine sands, 5~15 weight portion ash, 5~15 weight portion sawdusts, the general calcium of 2~5 weight portions and 0.2~1 parts by weight of ferrous sulfate of 40~60 weight portion forest soils, 10~20 weight portions.
Further, in the Nutrition Soil that is mixed with, spray the chlorophos that 0.1wt% is arranged.
Among the present invention, in the Seed germination process, should carry out overturning to fine sand every day.
The invention provides a kind of effective method of utilizing the deserted mountain artificial planting capsule of weeping forsythia, the method not only provides the method for the extensive artificial planting capsule of weeping forsythia, and has realized the comprehensive regulation in deserted mountain, has played the effect that prevents erosion.Adopt the inventive method plantation capsule of weeping forsythia plantation minute danger little, capsule of weeping forsythia output is high, has significant economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefits.
Embodiment
A kind of method of utilizing the deserted mountain plantation capsule of weeping forsythia is carried out growing and cultivation according to following concrete grammar.
1, seed seedling-raising.
1) the seed treatment Forsythia Suspensa Seeds has shallow dormancy, after seed cleaning, at early March with seed with 45 ℃ emerge in worm water 2 hours, used 0.5% disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate after pulling out 2 hours again, and pulled out and rinse well with clear water afterwards, the fine sand that mixes again 2 times of seed weights stirs evenly, place leeward area without shade, overturning every day, seed germination after more than ten days can be sowed.
2) the preparation Nutrition Soil is according to the proportioning preparation Nutrition Soil of forest soil 50%, become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer 16%, fine sand 10%, ash 10%, sawdust 10%, general calcium 3.5%, ferrous sulfate 0.5%, and in Nutrition Soil, spray 0.1% chlorophos desinsection, after stirring, evenly water, till not loose to hand group, stack.
3) the dress nutritious bag is packed the Nutrition Soil for preparing in the nutritious bag into, the humidity of Nutrition Soil in the control bag, with hand group loose being advisable, with nutritious bag place culture bed on.
4) sowing is clicked and entered the germination seed of handling well in the nutritious bag with equipment of sprinkler irrigation, 5~10 of every bag of points, dark 1 centimetre.Want light during lime light, prevent from destroying nutritious bag, it is closely knit to comfort soil behind the point, and the surface is clean and tidy.Cover grass at nutritious bag, the lasting seeding stage reached about one month.
5) broadcast rear seedling and keep moisture in the nutritious bag in the front management seeding stage, sprayed once, and prevented soil knot tying under exposure in sunshine in two days.
6) the seedling management height of seedling reaches 2~3 centimetres of laggard seedlings in the ranks, generally stays a young plant, little stay large, a little less than stay strong.Want light during thinning as far as possible, avoid making institute's nursery stock root that stays injured, and diligent weeding, guaranteeing does not have weeds in the bag.
2, open up wasteland.
Open up wasteland out horizontal ditch along contour on barren hillside land, line-spacing is 2 meters between horizontal ditch.
3, plant transplantation of seedlings.
Treat to transplant when seedling grows to 10 centimetres high.With little spade seedling is scooped up during lifting, put into large bamboo or wicker basket, In Shade.With rising with cultivation, take 2 meters horizontal ditches as line-spacing, 60 centimetres of spacing in the rows.Pouring after transplanting.Can conserve water if cultivate behind light rain, time and labour saving and survival rate are higher.
4, field management.
1) growth of the capsule of weeping forsythia of intertill and clean tillage seedling raising and transplanting is comparatively slow, should carry out intertill and clean tillage work.In earlier stage (4~6 months) weed growth is very fast, per month weeding once, the later stage is looked the at any time weeding of weed growth situation.
2) topdress and topdress in conjunction with intertill and clean tillage.Seedling stage, fertilizer requirement was less, used farmers''s clear water excrement and add a small amount of urea to reach preferably effect.After seedling grew to 50 centimetres high, employing was spreaded manuer in holes, dark about 6 centimetres of cave, earthing after the fertilising.Spraying fertilizer is about 3 times in the growth cycle of plant, and promote plant strain growth take nitrogenous fertilizer as main early stage, and the later stage increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer is to promote plant blossom, suitable medicinal.
5, the extermination of disease and insect pest.
The capsule of weeping forsythia is rich in the antibacterial substances such as hypericin.The control of capsule of weeping forsythia damage by disease and insect is take biological control as main, the generation of disease and pest control.

Claims (4)

1. the method for the deserted mountain plantation capsule of weeping forsythia may further comprise the steps:
A, Forsythia Suspensa Seeds was soaked in 45 ℃ warm water 1~5 hour, used the 0.5wt% disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate 1~2 hour again, clear water is rinsed well, mixes in the fine sand of 2~3 times of seed weights, places leeward area without shade to seed germination;
B, germination seed clicked and entered in the nutritious bag that Nutrition Soil is housed comforts seedlings and soil, 5~10 of every bag of points, two days water sprays once, thinning after height of seedling reaches 2~3 centimetres keeps a strain seedling, treats to transplant when seedling grows to 10 centimetres high;
C, open up wasteland horizontal ditch along contour on barren hillside land, line-spacing is 2 meters between horizontal ditch, with the transplantation of seedlings of capsule of weeping forsythia kind to horizontal ditch, 50~80 centimetres of spacing in the rows, pouring after transplanting;
D, spread manuer in holes after seedling grows to 50 centimetres high and topdress, spraying fertilizer is 3 times in the growth cycle.
2. the method for the deserted mountain according to claim 1 plantation capsule of weeping forsythia is characterized in that described Nutrition Soil is formulated by become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer, 5~15 weight portion fine sands, 5~15 weight portion ash, 5~15 weight portion sawdusts, the general calcium of 2~5 weight portions and 0.2~1 parts by weight of ferrous sulfate of 40~60 weight portion forest soils, 10~20 weight portions.
3. the method for the capsule of weeping forsythia is planted in deserted mountain according to claim 2, it is characterized in that spraying in the Nutrition Soil that is mixed with the chlorophos of 0.1wt%.
4. the method for the plantation capsule of weeping forsythia in deserted mountain according to claim 1 is characterized in that in during Seed Germination carry out overturning to fine sand every day.
CN2012104036111A 2012-10-22 2012-10-22 Method for planting fructus forsythiae on barren mountains Pending CN102934573A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335793A (en) * 2013-07-28 2015-02-11 赵百华 Potted planting method for forsythia with medicinal and ornamental functions
CN106258072A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 The method improving hypericum ascyron seed germination rate
CN107371781A (en) * 2017-09-23 2017-11-24 王勇 A kind of method of wild forsythia large-scale planting
CN112166922A (en) * 2020-09-07 2021-01-05 河北农业大学 Ecological planting method for forsythia suspense in mountainous areas

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946663A (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-01-19 河南中医学院 Wild forsythia tending and propagating method
CN102550270A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-11 陕西中医学院 Method for ecological composite planting of Forsythia suspensa

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946663A (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-01-19 河南中医学院 Wild forsythia tending and propagating method
CN102550270A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-11 陕西中医学院 Method for ecological composite planting of Forsythia suspensa

Non-Patent Citations (4)

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Title
冯天赐: "连翘育苗研究", 《青海农林科技》 *
李晓林等: "《西部地区林业生态工程建设与技术选择》", 30 November 2002, 中国农业科学技术出版社 *
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335793A (en) * 2013-07-28 2015-02-11 赵百华 Potted planting method for forsythia with medicinal and ornamental functions
CN106258072A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 The method improving hypericum ascyron seed germination rate
CN106258072B (en) * 2016-08-12 2019-05-28 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 The method for improving hypericum ascyron seed germination rate
CN107371781A (en) * 2017-09-23 2017-11-24 王勇 A kind of method of wild forsythia large-scale planting
CN112166922A (en) * 2020-09-07 2021-01-05 河北农业大学 Ecological planting method for forsythia suspense in mountainous areas

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Application publication date: 20130220