CN104871753A - Red cedrela sinensis seedling growing method - Google Patents

Red cedrela sinensis seedling growing method Download PDF

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CN104871753A
CN104871753A CN201410072432.3A CN201410072432A CN104871753A CN 104871753 A CN104871753 A CN 104871753A CN 201410072432 A CN201410072432 A CN 201410072432A CN 104871753 A CN104871753 A CN 104871753A
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seedling
cultivating
chinese toon
liquid
sowing
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CN104871753B (en
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卢德莉
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Xichang Bei Ande Self-Employed Tree Cultivator Woods Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a red cedrela sinensis seedling growing method. The method comprises a step a of sowing and a step b of growing seedlings. During a sowing process, red cedrela sinensis seeds are used for sowing, and the seeds are covered with pine needles with the thickness being 0.1-0.2cm. During a seedling growing process, the humidity of the soil of 5-10cm on the surface layer is maintained at 35-45%, bio-organic fertilizer is applied with the application amount being 1000g/mu when the seedlings grow to 5-12cm, and urea is applied with the application amount being 1500-2500g/mu when the seedlings grow to 20-30cm. By employing the seedling growing method, the emergence rate is high, plants obtained through cultivation are ordered and robust, and good economic benefits and application values are achieved.

Description

A kind of red Chinese toon seedling-cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of red Chinese toon seedling-cultivating method.
Background technology
Red Chinese toon (Toom sinensis Roem.) is Meliaceae Cedrela deciduous tree, has another name called red chinaberry.The distributed areas of red Chinese toon are extensive, have more than 2000 year, in the last few years at the cultivation history of China, nutritive value, Gen Pi and medical value really that its tender shoots is enriched, the industrial utility value of timber, and the afforestation aesthetic values etc. of plant, receive the concern of people day by day.But due to overcut, this variety breeding survival rate is low, and resource reduces day by day in addition, to sink into endangered condition, within 1996, to be classified as by government that secondary is wild treasures protective plant.
Chinese toon happiness is wet, is afraid of flood, requires tight to soil acidity or alkalinity, should plant on deep at soil layer, loose moistening, well-drained sand, all can plant on gentle slope, low mountain or the higher plot of physical features.Shanyang County, Shaanxi Province Chinese toon research institute, " Chinese toon annually cultivating series technique (publishing in instalments) I. the biological property of Chinese toon and seedling-wood breeding ", China's fruit and vegetable, China Fruit & Vegetable, 09 phase in 2009 discloses the seedling-cultivating method of a kind of Chinese toon: (1) nursery prepares: selection of land, every 666.7m 2execute farmyard manure 4 ~ 5t, superphosphate 50 ~ 60kg, carbon ammonium 40 ~ 50kg makes base manure, turns over whole after fertilising; Carry out soil disinfection and kill soil insect; Wide 1 ~ the 1.2m of seedbed furrow, long about 10m, flatten and wait to broadcast; (2) seed treatment: 5 ~ 10d can be done sth. in advance through presoaking and germinating process before broadcasting and emerge, and it is neat to emerge; (3) sow: all can sow between 3 ~ May of spring, by the end of March to early April, drilling or broadcast sowing, drilling is better than broadcasting sowing; (4) nursery bed management: set up the high canopy of about 1m after broadcasting on furrow, face, ridge, top weighing apparatus lid corn stalk or weeds etc., suitably shade to seedbed, also can use sunshade net, seedling has when 4 ~ 6 leaves or 10 ~ 15cm height removes the thing that shades gradually; During 2 ~ 3 true leaves, can spray the urea of 0.1% ~ 0.2% in conjunction with seedbed water spray in right amount, promote seedling growth, enter fast growing period during 3 ~ 5 monthly age, fertilizer requirement strengthens; During height of seedling about 20cm, in conjunction with watering, impose become thoroughly decomposed for 1 time night soil or chemical fertilizer, every 666.7m 2use urea 10kg, or blade face spray 0.5% ~ 1% urea; Mid or late August executes 1 phosphorus potash fertilizer again, every 666.7m 2with superphosphate and each 12.5kg of potassium sulfate; Seedling stage sprays 1 anti-root rot of 2% limewash about first quarter moon.Adopt this kind of seedling-cultivating method, easily dead after seed germination, emergence rate is low, and Chinese toon growth of seedling is slow, and seedling can grow up to the seedling of high 1 ~ 1.2m, dry thick 1cm when being only.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the invention provides a kind of red Chinese toon seedling-cultivating method newly.
The seedling-cultivating method of the red Chinese toon of the present invention, it comprises the steps:
A, sowing: get red Chinese toon planting seed, cladding thickness is the pine needle of 0.1 ~ 0.2cm;
B, nursery: between nursery stage, the humidity maintaining top layer 5 ~ 10cm soil is 35 ~ 45%; Use biological organic fertilizer when seedling grows to 5 ~ 12cm, amount of application is 1000g/ mu; Use urea when seedling grows to about 20 ~ 30cm, amount of application is 1500 ~ 2500g/ mu.
Pine needle: the leaf of pine tree.
The humidity of top layer 5 ~ 10cm soil: in the 5 ~ 10cm soil of top layer, the weight of water and the percentage (%) of dry ground weight.
Biological organic fertilizer, refers to that a class that microorganism and organic materials (being mainly raw material with plant and animal residues and the material obtained through harmless treatment) are composited has the fertilizer of microbial manure and fertilizer effect concurrently.
In step a, described red Chinese toon seed is prepared according to following breeding method:
(1) prepare pollen liquid: at the florescence of Chinese toon, collect the red Chinese toon pollen of blooming the 1st week, with pollination liquid with 1:(100 ~ 200) proportioning of w/v mixes, and obtains pollen liquid;
Wherein, liquid of pollinating is the solution containing, for example lower component:
Component A 1.8 × 10 -5~ 3 × 10 -5g/L;
B component 5 ~ 20g/L;
Described component A is propionylbrassinolide; Described B component is one or more the combination in glucan, glucan hydrochlorate, konjaku flour, algae and algae extract.
(2) artificial pollination: blooming the 2nd week, the pollen liquid of step (1) is sprayed on the pistil of red Chinese toon, each pistil spray 0.04 ~ 1ml;
(3) self-sow, picking fruit to fruit maturation, gets kind, dries, and obtains seed.
In step (1), described glucan hydrochlorate is dextran sulfate sodium or glucan potassium sulfate; Described algae is spirulina, and described algae extract is alginic acid.
In step (1), described pollination liquid is also containing 0.6g ~ 1g/L sulphate; Described sulphate is one or more the combination in potassium sulfate, iron sulfate, zinc sulphate, magnesium sulfate, copper sulphate.
In step (1), described pollination liquid is also containing 0.2 ~ 1g/L boric acid and/or borate; Described borate is Boratex or potassium borate.
In step (1), the spray method of pollen liquid is: spray 4 ~ 10 times, spray 0.01 ~ 0.1ml/ pistil at every turn.Preferably, the spraying time of pollen liquid is every morning or afternoon.
Wherein, described breeding method also comprised the steps: in April, applied fertilizer, watered, and the fertilizer used is biological organic fertilizer, and amount of application is 200g ~ 300g/ tree, and the consumption of water is 20 ~ 50L/ tree.Preferably, described biological organic fertilizer is that humic fertilizer or fertility are high.
Humic fertilizer: refer to the fertilizer that plant and animal residues (as feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw etc.) rots through fermenting to obtain.
Fertility is high: be the high-efficiency composite biological bacterial manure that Beijing development corporation, Ltd. of fertility height group produces.
Wherein, described breeding method also comprises the steps: 4 ~ 10 days before flowering, waters, and the consumption of water is l0 ~ 20L/ tree.
In described step a, spring daily mean temperature higher than when 20 DEG C sow.
In spring: the first season of 1 year, refer to the time in the beginning of spring to the Beginning of summer.
Daily mean temperature refers to the mean temperature of air of one day 24 hours.
In step a, described sowing is drilling or broadcasts sowing.
Described drilling is ditched by line-spacing 10 ~ 20cm, and sown scope 10 ~ 15cm, dark 3 ~ 10cm, every mu of seeding quantity is 2 ~ 3kg.
Described every mu of seeding quantity of broadcasting sowing is 3 ~ 5kg.
Drilling: at a certain distance, the type of seeding of sowing of embarking on journey.
Broadcast sowing: the type of seeding being spread on surface, field by seed equably.
In step b, described biological organic fertilizer is that humic fertilizer or fertility are high.
Seedling-cultivating method of the present invention is adopted to cultivate red Chinese toon seedling, average emergence rate is 90%, seedling can reach 10cm at the growing height of sowing after 1 month, the average height (when after planting 8 months) of current growth can reach 2 meters, rhizome length can reach 1.5 to 2cm, and 2 years trunk diameters are the most slightly 4 ~ 5cm, is obviously better than the red Chinese toon seedling that existing method is cultivated, breeding method is easy, and application prospect is good.
Obviously, according to foregoing of the present invention, according to ordinary technical knowledge and the customary means of this area, not departing under the present invention's above-mentioned basic fundamental thought prerequisite, the amendment of other various ways, replacement or change can also be made.
The embodiment of form by the following examples, is described in further detail foregoing of the present invention again.But this should be interpreted as that the scope of the above-mentioned theme of the present invention is only limitted to following example.All technology realized based on foregoing of the present invention all belong to scope of the present invention.
Embodiment
The red Chinese toon seedling-cultivating method of embodiment 1 the present invention
1, the material of nursery
Red Chinese toon seed, adopts commercially available seed.
2, seedling-cultivating method
The inventive method:
(1) sow: when spring, daily mean temperature was higher than 20 DEG C, turn over wholely, lime (60 pounds/acre) and potassium permanganate (100 grams/acre) sterilization is sprinkled in soil, get red Chinese toon seed 5Kg, scatter seeds, thin soil (thickness is 0.5 ~ 1cm) covers, and covers the thick pine needle of 0.1 ~ 0.2cm above thin soil again;
(2) nursery: between nursery stage, the humidity maintaining top layer 5 ~ 10cm soil is 35 ~ 45%; Within 10 days, germinate afterwards and be unearthed, when seedling grows to 5 ~ 12cm, sprinkling fertility is high, and amount of application is 800 ~ 1000g/ mu, and spray urea when seedling grows to about 20 ~ 30cm, amount of application is 1500 ~ 2500g/ mu.
Control methods (employing Shading net covering):
(1) sow: when spring, daily mean temperature was higher than 20 DEG C, turn over wholely, lime (60 pounds/acre) and potassium permanganate (100 grams/acre) sterilization is sprinkled in soil, get red Chinese toon seed 5Kg, scatter seeds, thin soil (thickness is 0.5 ~ 1cm) covers, the canopy that erection 1m is high, and top covers one deck sunshade net;
(2) nursery: between nursery stage, the humidity maintaining top layer 5 ~ 10cm soil is 35 ~ 45%; Spray fertility when seedling grows to 5 ~ 12cm high, amount of application is 800 ~ 1000g/ mu; Sunshade net is removed during 10 ~ 15cm height; Spray urea when seedling grows to about 20 ~ 30cm, amount of application is 1500 ~ 2500g/ mu.
Detect the emergence rate (seed break ground number and the percentage of seed sum of emerging) of two kinds of methods.
2, testing result
After testing, the average emergence rate of the inventive method is 90%, and the average emergence rate of control methods is only 65%.
Experimental result illustrates, compared with the mode adopting Shading net covering with traditional seedling-cultivating method, the mode that seedling-cultivating method of the present invention adopts pine needle to cover can significantly improve the emergence rate of red Chinese toon seed, and, easy and simple to handle.
The red Chinese toon seedling-cultivating method of embodiment 2 the present invention
1, the material of nursery
Red Chinese toon seed is prepared as follows:
(1) apply fertilizer, water: at any one day of solar calendar April, fertilising power is higher than kind of a usage tree root, and every tree executes 200 ~ 300g, then covers thin soil (thickness is 1 ~ 2cm), water-sprinkling moisturizing, and the water that every tree is watered is 20 ~ 50L;
(2) water: before blooming 4 ~ 10 days, water to red Chinese toon kind tree, the water that every tree is watered is l0 ~ 20L;
(3) pollen liquid is prepared: annual 5 to June is the full-bloom stage of Chinese toon, about one month florescence.Red Chinese toon Post flowering, collects the red Chinese toon pollen of blooming the 1st week, by red Chinese toon pollen with liquid of pollinating with 1g:(100 ~ 200) ratio of ml mixes, and obtains pollen liquid;
Pollination liquid can choose following any one:
1. spirulina 10g is weighed respectively, propionylbrassinolide 1.8 × 10 -5g, is configured to 1L with water.
2. dextran sulfate sodium 20g is weighed respectively, propionylbrassinolide 2.5 × 10 -5g, iron sulfate or zinc sulphate 1g, be configured to 1L with water.
3. Dextran 15 g is weighed respectively, propionylbrassinolide 3 × 10 -5g, Boratex 0.2g, is configured to 1L with water.
4. alginic acid 12g is weighed respectively, propionylbrassinolide 1.8 × 10 -5g, magnesium sulfate or copper sulphate 0.7g, potassium borate 0.4g, is configured to 1L with water.
5. konjaku flour 5g is weighed respectively, propionylbrassinolide 1.8 × 10 -5g, potassium sulfate 1g, Boratex 1g, is configured to 1L with water.
(4) artificial pollination: blooming the 2nd week, pollen liquid is sprayed on the pistil of red Chinese toon, altogether spray 4 ~ 10 times, spray 0.01 ~ 0.1ml/ pistil, spraying time is the morning or afternoon at every turn;
(5) gather: after fruit maturation (normally annual early December), picking fruit, takes out seed, is positioned over shady and cool place dry.
2, seedling-cultivating method
(1) sow: when spring, daily mean temperature was higher than 20 DEG C, turn over wholely, lime (50 pounds/acre) and potassium permanganate (100 grams/acre) sterilization is sprinkled in soil, get red Chinese toon seed 5Kg, scatter seeds, thin soil (thickness is 0.5 ~ 1cm) covers, and covers the thick pine needle of 0.1 ~ 0.2cm above thin soil again;
(2) nursery: between nursery stage, the humidity maintaining top layer 5 ~ 10cm soil is 35 ~ 45%; Within 10 days, germinate afterwards and be unearthed, when seedling grows to 5 ~ 12cm, sprinkling fertility is high, and amount of application is 800 ~ 1000g/ mu, and spray urea when seedling grows to about 20 ~ 30cm, amount of application is 1500 ~ 2500g/ mu.
The upgrowth situation of observation seedling.
3, testing result
After testing, adopt seedling-cultivating method of the present invention to cultivate red Chinese toon seedling, seedling can reach 10cm at the growing height of sowing after 1 month, and the average height of current growth (when after planting 8 months) is 2 meters, and trunk average diameter is 1.2cm, and rhizome length is 1.5 to 2cm.
Experimental result illustrates, it is neatly healthy and strong that the inventive method cultivates the red Chinese toon seedling obtained.
The red Chinese toon seedling that the red Chinese toon seedling cultivate the inventive method and existing method are cultivated contrasts as following table:
The height (m) of seedling current growth The trunk average diameter (cm) of seedling current growth
Existing method 1~1.2 1cm
The inventive method 2(average height) 1.2
Existing method refers to Shanyang County, Shaanxi Province Chinese toon research institute. Chinese toon annually cultivating series technique: the biological property of I. Chinese toon and seedling-wood breeding. and Chinese fruit and vegetable, method disclosed in 2009 (9): 49-51..
Contrast can be found out, compared with the conventional method, the red Chinese toon seedling that the inventive method is cultivated, the average height of sowing current growth is the former 1.7 ~ 2 times, trunk diameter is the former 1.2 times, and the red Chinese toon seedling that the quality of the red Chinese toon seedling that the inventive method is cultivated is cultivated apparently higher than existing method is described.
To sum up, the emergence rate of seedling-cultivating method of the present invention is high, and cultivate the red Chinese toon seedling obtained neatly healthy and strong, application prospect is good.

Claims (10)

1. a seedling-cultivating method for red Chinese toon, is characterized in that: it comprises the steps:
A, sowing: get red Chinese toon planting seed, cladding thickness is the pine needle of 0.1 ~ 0.2cm;
B, nursery: between nursery stage, the humidity maintaining top layer 5 ~ 10cm soil is 35 ~ 45%; Use biological organic fertilizer when seedling grows to 5 ~ 12cm, amount of application is 800 ~ 1200g/ mu; Use urea when seedling grows to 20 ~ 30cm, amount of application is 1500 ~ 2500g/ mu.
2. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step a, and described red Chinese toon seed is prepared according to following breeding method:
(1) prepare pollen liquid: at the florescence of Chinese toon, collect the red Chinese toon pollen of blooming the 1st week, with pollination liquid with 1:(100 ~ 200) proportioning of w/v mixes, and obtains pollen liquid;
Wherein, liquid of pollinating is the solution containing, for example lower component:
Component A 1.8 × 10 -5~ 3 × 10 -5g/L;
B component 5 ~ 20g/L;
Described component A is propionylbrassinolide; Described B component is one or more the combination in glucan, glucan hydrochlorate, konjaku flour, algae and algae extract;
(2) artificial pollination: blooming the 2nd week, the pollen liquid of step (1) is sprayed on the pistil of red Chinese toon, each pistil spray 0.04 ~ 1ml;
(3) self-sow, picking fruit to fruit maturation, gets kind, dries, and obtains seed;
Preferably, in step (1), described glucan hydrochlorate is dextran sulfate sodium or glucan potassium sulfate; Described algae is spirulina, and described algae extract is alginic acid.
3. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in step (1), and described pollination liquid is also containing 0.6g ~ 1g/L sulphate; Described sulphate is one or more the combination in potassium sulfate, iron sulfate, zinc sulphate, magnesium sulfate, copper sulphate.
4. the seedling-cultivating method according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: in step (1), and described pollination liquid is also containing 0.2 ~ 1g/L boric acid and/or borate; Described borate is Boratex or potassium borate.
5. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in step (1), and the spray method of pollen liquid is: spray 4 ~ 10 times, spray 0.01 ~ 0.1ml/ pistil at every turn;
Preferably, the spraying time of pollen liquid is every morning or afternoon.
6. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described breeding method also comprised the steps: in April, apply fertilizer, water, the fertilizer used is biological organic fertilizer, amount of application is 200g ~ 300g/ tree, and the consumption of water is 20 ~ 50L/ tree;
Preferably, described biological organic fertilizer is that humic fertilizer or fertility are high.
7. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described breeding method also comprises the steps: 4 ~ 10 days before flowering, waters, and the consumption of water is l0 ~ 20L/ tree.
8. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step a, spring daily mean temperature higher than when 20 DEG C sow.
9. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step a, and described sowing is drilling or broadcasts sowing;
Preferably, described drilling is ditched by line-spacing 10 ~ 20cm, sown scope 10 ~ 15cm, dark 3 ~ 10cm, and every mu of seeding quantity is 2 ~ 3kg;
Preferably, every mu of seeding quantity of broadcasting sowing described in is 3 ~ 5kg.
10. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step b, and described biological organic fertilizer is that humic fertilizer or fertility are high.
CN201410072432.3A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 A kind of red Chinese toon method for culturing seedlings Active CN104871753B (en)

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CN107926593A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-04-20 防城港市蓝瀚达科技有限公司 A kind of pine tree planting technology for improving pine tree film output amount
CN109328811A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Cuiguan pear
CN109329041A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of Cuiguan pear pollen dilution
CN109328693A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method of Cuiguan pear
CN109329042A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of application of Cuiguan pear pollen dilution

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CN107926593A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-04-20 防城港市蓝瀚达科技有限公司 A kind of pine tree planting technology for improving pine tree film output amount
CN109328811A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Cuiguan pear
CN109329041A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of Cuiguan pear pollen dilution
CN109328693A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method of Cuiguan pear
CN109329042A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 吴江市黎里心怡农业科技有限公司 A kind of application of Cuiguan pear pollen dilution

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