CN105993445A - Apple nontoxic dwarfed self-rooted rootstock M9-T337 rapid propagation method - Google Patents

Apple nontoxic dwarfed self-rooted rootstock M9-T337 rapid propagation method Download PDF

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CN105993445A
CN105993445A CN201610320346.9A CN201610320346A CN105993445A CN 105993445 A CN105993445 A CN 105993445A CN 201610320346 A CN201610320346 A CN 201610320346A CN 105993445 A CN105993445 A CN 105993445A
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stock
nontoxic
anvil
garden
seedling
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张世欣
彭永波
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PENGLAI XINYUAN INDUSTRY AND TRADE Co Ltd
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PENGLAI XINYUAN INDUSTRY AND TRADE Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture, and specifically relates to an apple nontoxic dwarfed self-rooted rootstock M9-T337 rapid propagation method. The method comprises the specific steps of: rootstock female parent orchard construction, propagation nursery construction, and demonstration orchard construction. The apple modern cultivation demonstration orchard is constructed with the standard of ''four changes, three modifications and three savings''. The method adopts a technology that layerage is carried out in the same year of planting, such that seedling outplanting time is advanced, and seedling propagation efficiency is improved. With a method of stumping when new seedlings are 20cm high, the sprouting of additional 2-5 new shoots are promoted; when most of new shoots on a seedling trunk reaches 30cm, 40cm and 50cm, composted sawdust is pressed respectively in 3 times with the amount of 10cm/time; and 5cm of soil is ridged, such that new root growths of the new rootstock seedlings are promoted. Compared with a method abroad of mixing sawdust and soil, the method provided by the invention is labor-saving, time-saving and effort-saving. Also, with the propagation method, a nontoxic M9-T337 apple dwarfed self-rooted rootstock propagation time is shortened by 50%, and a propagation amount is increased by 2 times or more than 2 times.

Description

Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, be specifically related to a kind of Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method.
Background technology
Apple Dwarf Stocks intensive cultivating is not only the trend and direction of world's apple industry, the especially only way of China's modern times apple industry.Dwarfing rootstock is the main approach realizing Apple Dwarf Stocks cultivation.The Newly built orchard of Fructus Mali pumilae main product state of the world the most all uses short anvil intensive culture, short anvil intensive culture to account for more than the 90% of the Apple Culture gross area at present.And the existing apple orchard of China more than 90% is tall anvil fruit tree, orchard closing, illumination is bad, and management is taken a lot of work, and is the traditional cultivation pattern of a high consumption, low output.Therefore, wideling popularize short anvil intensive culture technology in old-age group of China orchard transformation and Newly built orchard are cultivated, change and fruit industry potentiation, orchard worker to promoting China's Apple Culture system increase income and all have great importance.
Wideling popularize short anvil intensive culture technology in China, its basic work is the breeding process doing apple dwarf nursery stock well.China, from the 40's of 20th century, introduces the A system dwarfing stock etc. of P system, the B system of the former Soviet Union, the CG system of the U.S., Canadian O system and the Sweden of the M system of Denmark, the MM system of Britain, Poland successively.Each agricultural institute, agricultural are utilized introduction material and China's apple rootstock to hybridize, and various places have selected many dwarfing rootstocks in succession.According to the investigation of 2008 such as Li Bingzhi, China applies most dwarfing rootstocks to be M26, accounts for and downgrades the 70% of the Fructus Mali pumilae gross area, next to that SH system, account for and downgrade the 15% of the Fructus Mali pumilae gross area, furthermore be GM256, accounting for and downgrade the 5% of the Fructus Mali pumilae gross area, other various stocks account for downgrades the 10% of the Fructus Mali pumilae gross area.These dwarfing rootstocks substantially use dwarfing interstock, few from root anvil.
In recent years, owing to value of labour power improves constantly, production cost increases substantially, the idea of people the most constantly changes, particularly apple dwarf planting type gradually shows the advantage of self, Apple Dwarf Stocks intensive culture technology starts to be promoted, and Apple Dwarf Stocks intensive culture area constantly expands.Particularly Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 shows the advantage of self.But apple dwarf is the most delayed from the raising technology of root anvil nursery stock, the existing apple dwarf of China does not adapts to the needs of development of the situation especially from the raising technology of root anvil nursery stock.Peng Lai Xin Yuan Trade Co., Ltd. is explored, renovate in " nontoxic M9-T337 apple dwarf accelerates method for quickly breeding from rootstock " orchard aged for promotion of research and Apple Dwarf Stocks intensive culture has great importance.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve M9-T337 that above-mentioned prior art exists from the low deficiency of root anvil nontoxic seedling propagation time length and breeding potential, it is provided that a kind of go out the garden time is short, breeding potential is high Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method, is characterized in that and includes step in detail below:
(1) stock maternal plant garden is built
Garden land used is built in selection, installs micro spray irrigation facility, arranges isolation area, more than 100 meters far from apple orchard, location, garden.Stock female parent uses a ridge duplicate rows to plant, and plants then, the most horizontal press strip.
(2) propagation nursery construction
To build garden land used carry out whole, turn over, apply fertilizer and soil disinfection;On the basis of whole ground basal dressing, trophophase carries out topdressing and foliage application in time, in grafting Growth spurt, needs micro spray irrigation to keep ground moistening;Weeding and prevention and elimination of disease and pests in time.
(3) Demonstration Garden construction
According to the standard working-out Fructus Mali pumilae Growing method Demonstration Garden of " four change three change three joints ", four change: 1. terraced fields change hillside fields, carry out wide row planting culture, beneficially do mechanization operation, improve work efficiency and land utilization ratio;2. weeding replants grass, and the natural grass of implementation in the ranks and kind grass planting apple tree combine, and lay non-woven fabrics under tree, and by controlled trial, the plot of Sod culture is than early coloring 2-3 days, plot not planting grass;3. pouring changes micro-spray, and orchard all realizes micro spray irrigation, beneficially water and soil conservation and using water wisely;4. tall anvil changes short anvil, and dwarfing stock apple tree is short and small, early high-yield, is suitable to wide row dense planting.
Three change: 1. water-fertilizer integral, select the fertilizer such as biogas slurry of good water solubility, poly-state protein liquid, are injected in aqueduct with the fertile pump of note, spray 6 hours, and liquid manure integrally permeates the ground, and rich water length of penetration reaches 50-60cm.2. cultivate innoxious, use the method control grass of tree lower berth non-woven fabrics, use solar energy frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp to catch and kill insect, carry out biogenic, mineral sources, botanical pesticide, utilize Sod culture, cultivate and protect pest natural enemy;3. managing mechanization, carry out Fructus Mali pumilae wide row dense planting, bush type culture, mechanization is all carried out in field management.
Intensive by implementing " four change three changes " technology, accomplish that the three of " good anvil, breeding and good method " are Rational Matching, it is achieved Economization on land, saving labour, " three joints " cultivation mode of saving water-fertilizer-pesticide resource.
Preferably, described stock maternal plant garden build garden land use selection without quarantine pest and disease damage, in 500 meters without juniper rust source of disease, non-environmental-pollution, traffic convenience, leeward on the sunny side, physical features is smooth, P in soil H-number is 5.5-6.0, have irrigation conditions, draining are good, soil property is fertile sandy loam and gently stick loam, and the plot of continuous 3 years fruit trees of not planting.
For shorten outplanting time, described stock maternal plant garden build in, plant stock time by rootstock seedling south dip 45 degree, the depth of planting is 15 centimetres, often within 5-7 days, carries out micro-spray once after cultivation, keeps ground moistening, until Seedling is dry survive after, when sprouting sprouts, anvil Seedling is carried out southwards level and fixes.
For improving the survival rate introducing stock, during described stock maternal plant garden is built, the soil moisture reaches M9-T337 anvil Seedling of planting when more than 15 degree, is soaked 24 hours by rootstock seedling clear water before planting;Rootstock seedling root system owing to introducing is uneven, is soaked 12 hours by root with the root-growing agents of 500 times;Dip in root 15 minutes with the 150 times of copper-baths prepared, thoroughly kill with pathogenic bacterias such as the root rot that stock root is carried, white beautiful diseases.
For promoting that stock is taken root, during described stock maternal plant garden is built, the most simple training is used to press the measure of old sawdust to make stock take root, when stock lateral bud takes out the longest 15-20cm, at newborn anvil Seedling base portion firming 4-6cm;Training pressure sawdust, thickness 10cm after stock lateral bud takes out the longest 30cm;In order to increase the quantity taken root, spray the root-growing agent of 500 times in underground, when anvil Seedling grows to more than 40cm, start training pressure second time sawdust, thickness 10cm;When anvil Seedling grows to more than 50cm, then third time training pressure sawdust 10cm, then earth up outside sawdust 5cm;Every 10 days of 7-9 month sprayed a foliage fertilizer.
In order to realize preferably stock grafting effect, during described stock maternal plant garden is built, push soil and the sawdust of training pressure aside, root of hair preferable anvil Seedlings more than 3 Rhizoma Imperataes is being cut away from maternal 3-5cm, in case grafting in being placed on controlled atmosphere store;The anvil Seedling taking root poor is motionless, when ground temperature gos up to more than 15 DEG C, again by the stayed the most horizontal press strip of anvil Seedling;Adopt the anvil Seedling cut and immediately carry out double tongue grafting, retain 35cm below interface, change below conventional interface and only stay the way of 10-15cm.It was verified that stock is the shortest, Dwarf Effect on Dwarf is the poorest;The anvil Seedling connected being put into controlled atmosphere store preserve, temperature is 2-3 DEG C, promotees its wound and heals in advance;When ground temperature rises to more than 15 DEG C, then move on to propagation nursery and plant.
Turning in described propagation nursery construction, ploughed depth is 30-40 centimetre after autumn, executes well-rotted farmyard manure 3000kg/ mu and phosphate fertilizer 100kg/ mu, rotary tillage again after thawing spring.
Described propagation nursery carries out liquid manure one body technique in building, and combines micro spray irrigation monthly underground 7-9 month and applies fertilizer once, and underground fertilising combines with foliage spray.
Described Demonstration Garden is planted grass planting and is selected rye grass, high Pilus Caprae seu Ovis grass in building.
This Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method, Advanced Experience of Other Countries for Reference, from local reality, carry out innovation experiment, change external First Year to plant, Second Year carries out the method for mound layering, explores, sums up and formulated a set of feasible M9-T337 from root anvil nontoxic seedling propagation technology and rule of operation.
1, the present invention uses batten strap technique then of planting then, shortens the outplanting time, improves seedling-wood breeding efficiency.
2, the present invention uses the method for stump when new talent grows to 20cm, promotees its 2-5 sprouting of additional issue, and when the dry most sprouting length of Seedling are to 30cm, 40cm, more than 50cm, and points of 3 times training pressures are become thoroughly decomposed sawdust 10cm/ time, promote multiple new of anvil Seedling of new life.Compared with the external method using sawdust to mix soil, saving of work and time is laborsaving.
3, the present invention makes nontoxic M9-T337 apple dwarf breed time shortening 50% from root anvil stock, and reproductive number increases by more than 2 times.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: the technology path schematic diagram of Fructus Mali pumilae of the present invention nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to the drawings, provide the detailed description of the invention of the present invention, be used for the structure of the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method, including step in detail below:
(1) stock maternal plant garden is built
Select without quarantine pest and disease damage, in 500 meters without juniper rust source of disease, non-environmental-pollution, traffic convenience, leeward face south, physical features is smooth, have irrigation conditions, draining are good, soil property is fertile sandy loam and gently stick loam, and the plot of continuous 3 years fruit trees of not planting is as building garden land used, more than 100 mu in flakes of soil, it is simple to do mechanization operation.Wherein, the soil organism more than 1.5%, soil thickness more than 0.6 meter, between P in soil H-number 5.5-6.0.
Installing micro spray irrigation facility, water waters condition abundance, arranges isolation area, more than 100 meters far from apple orchard, location, garden.
Before planting, rootstock seedling clear water is soaked 24 hours;Rootstock seedling root system owing to introducing is uneven, takes the measure of taking root, and is soaked 12 hours by root with the root-growing agents of 500 times;Dip in root 15 minutes with the 150 times of copper-baths prepared, thoroughly kill with pathogenic bacterias such as the root rot that stock root is carried, white beautiful diseases.
Stock is planted every furrow 2 row, and line-spacing 20cm, spacing in the rows 20cm, furrow are away from 2 meters.Suitably to hoe up weeds, the do mechanization operation such as laxative.
Plant then, the most horizontal press strip.During ground temperature 15 DEG C, nursery stock is to the south is to plant in 45 degree of angles with ground, and the degree of depth is 15 centimetres.Often within 5-7 days, carry out micro spray irrigation once after cultivation, keep ground moistening.After Survival rate of nursery stock, when sprouting sprouts, anvil Seedling is carried out southwards level and fixes.When new talent grows to 20 cm height, timely stump at overhead 5-7 cm, promote stump to issue additional 2-5 sprouting with lower portion.
The most simple training is used to press the measure of old sawdust to make stock take root, when stock lateral bud takes out the longest 15-20cm, at newborn anvil Seedling base portion firming 4-6cm;Training pressure sawdust, thickness 10cm after stock lateral bud takes out the longest 30cm;In order to increase the quantity taken root, spray the root-growing agent of 500 times in underground, when anvil Seedling grows to more than 40cm, start training pressure second time sawdust, thickness 10cm;When anvil Seedling grows to more than 50cm, then third time training pressure sawdust 10cm, then earth up outside sawdust 5cm, and training pressure sawdust total height reaches 30cm.Every 10 days of 7-9 month sprayed a foliage fertilizer.
Push soil and the sawdust of training pressure aside, root of hair preferable anvil Seedlings more than 3 Rhizoma Imperataes is being cut away from maternal 3-5cm, in case grafting in being placed on controlled atmosphere store;The anvil Seedling taking root poor is motionless, when ground temperature gos up to more than 15 DEG C, again by the stayed the most horizontal press strip of anvil Seedling.Adopt the anvil Seedling cut at 35cm, immediately carry out double tongue grafting, change below conventional interface and only stay the way of 10-15cm.It was verified that stock is the shortest, Dwarf Effect on Dwarf is the poorest.The anvil Seedling connected being put into controlled atmosphere store preserve, temperature is 2-3 DEG C, promotees its wound and heals in advance.When ground temperature rises to more than 15 DEG C, then move to propagation nursery and plant.
(2) propagation nursery construction
Flattening building garden land used, turn over, apply fertilizer, mu spreads 500 jin of quick lime and carries out the pest and disease damages such as soil disinfection, prevention damping-off, root rot and acupuncture needle leaf, Holotrichia diomphalia Bates.Ploughed depth is 30-40cm after autumn, executes high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure 3000kg/ mu and phosphate fertilizer 100kg/ mu.Spring carries out rotary tillage, again to improve the uniformity of soil after thawing.
The important step that dwarfing apple nursery stock is bred is to strengthen rich water usage amount.On the basis of whole ground basal dressing, trophophase should carry out topdressing and foliage application in time.Early stage is topdressed based on nitrogenous fertilizer, and the later stage need to increase phosphate fertilizer.In grafting Growth spurt, the moisture content of abundance need to be ensured, keep ground moistening.
Carrying out liquid manure one body technique, 7-9 month combine micro spray irrigation, monthly apply fertilizer once in underground, general Shi Kai phosphorus compound fertilizer 10 kilograms every mu.Depending on dose is according to seedling growth situation.Taking Shaoshi, frequency to execute, the method that underground fertilising combines with foliage spray, in 7-9 month, in conjunction with the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, monthly foliage application 3 times, foliage dressing uses 0.3%-0.5% Potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
Nitrogenous fertilizer to be disabled control water in case nursery stock excessive growth after the beginning of autumn, and in time in weeding and prevention and elimination of disease and pests.
(3) Demonstration Garden construction
Standard working-out Fructus Mali pumilae Growing method Demonstration Garden according to " four change three change three joints ".
Four change: 1. terraced fields change hillside fields, carry out wide row planting culture, beneficially do mechanization operation, improve work efficiency, beneficially ventilation and penetrating light, improve Population Light photograph, improve land utilization ratio 10%-40%.This improves constantly at value of labour power, in the case of labour force is becoming tight day, more shows its advantage.
2. weeding replants grass, and the natural grass of implementation in the ranks and plantation rye grass, high Pilus Caprae seu Ovis grass etc. apple tree combine, and lay non-woven fabrics under tree, to prevent Topographic factor, soil moisture retention, regulate air themperature, humidity, it is also beneficial to improve soil organic matter content, improves soil.Additionally, prevented also from the soil absorption to light, promote apple with ripe color.By controlled trial, the Fructus Mali pumilae in Sod culture plot, than the Fructus Mali pumilae do not planted in the block of meadow early coloring 2-3 days.
3. pouring changes the water and soil conservation of micro-spray, beneficially hillside fields.Micro spray irrigation can using water wisely in large quantities, shorten the watering period, and water uniformly, do not harden soil, beneficially fruit tree root growth.Save electricity consumption, save labour force etc..
4. tall anvil changes short anvil.Dwarfing stock apple tree is short and small, early high-yield, is suitable to wide row dense planting.Terraced fields change hillside fields, carry out apple dwarf cultivation, suitable mechanical equalization, it is simple to management, reduce production cost, beneficially apple variety and update and crop rotation.Specular removal, high yield, high benefit, early, operation is fast, and fruit quality is good for result.
Three change: 1. water-fertilizer integral.Select the fertilizers such as the biogas slurry of good water solubility, poly-state protein liquid, with note fertile pump, liquid fertilizer is injected in aqueduct, liquid manure integrally permeates the ground, spray rich water 6 hours, length of penetration reaches 50-60cm, it is available for root system all to absorb, decreases volatilization and the waste of fertilizer, save time, laborsaving, uniform, efficient.
2. cultivate innoxious.Cultivation is forbidden use herbicide and high residue chemical pesticide, use the method control grass of tree lower berth non-woven fabrics, it is therefore prevented that the herbicide harm to soil.For the preventing and treating of insect pest, based on cultural control.In terms of physical control, use solar energy frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp to catch and kill insect, greatly saved agricultural chemicals expense use;In terms of plant protection, carry out biogenic, mineral sources, botanical pesticide, use lime sulfur, Bordeaux mixture and nicotine, Pyrethrum, matrine etc.;In terms of Biological control, mainly by Sod culture, cultivate and protect pest natural enemy, thus decrease pesticide residual in fruit, it is ensured that the quality of Fructus Mali pumilae, safety.
3. mechanization is managed.Carry out Fructus Mali pumilae wide row dense planting, bush type culture, weeding, go and buy Chinese medicine, apply fertilizer, mechanization is all carried out in the field management such as water, alleviate labor intensity, improve production efficiency, save manpower and materials, reduce production cost.
Intensive by implementing " four change three changes " technology, accomplish that the three of " good anvil, breeding and good method " is Rational Matching, achieve result, Economization on land ahead of time, use machinery to save labour, save modern apple dwarf dense planting " three joints " cultivation mode of the High-efficiency Sustainable development of water-fertilizer-pesticide resource.
Modern Apples Dwarf Stocks intensive culture pattern has early bearing, high-quality, high yield, efficient feature, and " three joints " effect of Economization on land, labour and rich water medicine is the most notable.According to external experience, using the Dwarf rootstocks apple seedling of 2 years green tape branches of high-quality to build garden, the high yield age maintains 15-20 years.In the new tree of in the ranks planting in old orchard, can effectively prevent continuous cropping obstacle.So short anvil Fructus Mali pumilae intensive cultivating is the trend and direction of China's apple industry.The easy mound layering of the nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks of particularly M9-T337, seedling growth is neat.Have that nursery is simple, garden looks neat, result morning, the advantage such as yield height, quality better, be the trend that develops of world's apple production.
But M9-T337 nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks seedling-wood breeding is the most at the early-stage in China, is still within the stage of fumbling, and the stock breeding potential of introduction is low, and finished product major clique anvil Seedling output is few, can not meet the needs of development.Only as a example by Penglai City, existing Fructus Mali pumilae area 310,000 mu, modern nontoxic dwarfing stock cultivated area only 9000 mu, nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 cultivated area is the most less.
Modern Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks cultivation, seeding row spacing is 1.2 meters of x3.5 rice, and every mu of need plant 159.Develop 30,000 mu of nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks Fructus Mali pumilaes every year to calculate by the whole city, just need nearly 5,000,000 of high quality seedling.Therefore, the seedling-wood breeding technical research of Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks has wide market prospect.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations, as double-barrel air cylinder is not limited to tubular, it is also possible to for rectangular configuration etc..All within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method, it is characterised in that include step in detail below:
(1) stock maternal plant garden is built
Garden land used is built in selection, installs micro spray irrigation facility, arranges isolation area, more than 100 meters far from apple orchard, location, garden, and stock female parent uses a ridge duplicate rows to plant, plants then, the most horizontal press strip;
(2) propagation nursery construction
Soil carries out turning over, applying fertilizer and soil disinfection;On the basis of whole ground basal dressing, trophophase carries out topdressing and foliage application in time, in grafting Growth spurt, needs micro spray irrigation to keep ground moistening;Weeding and prevention and elimination of disease and pests in time;
(3) Demonstration Garden construction
According to the standard working-out Fructus Mali pumilae Growing method Demonstration Garden of " four change three change three joints ", four change: 1. terraced fields change hillside fields, carry out wide row planting culture;2. weeding replants grass, and the natural grass of implementation in the ranks apple tree combines with planting rye grass etc., lays non-woven fabrics under tree;3. pouring changes micro-spray, and orchard all realizes micro spray irrigation, beneficially water and soil conservation and using water wisely;4. tall anvil changes short anvil;
Three change: 1. water-fertilizer integral, select the fertilizer such as biogas slurry of good water solubility, poly-peptide protein liquid, are injected in aqueduct with the fertile pump of note, and liquid manure integrally permeates the ground, and rich water length of penetration reaches 50-60cm;2. cultivate innoxious, use the method control grass of tree lower berth non-woven fabrics, use solar energy frequency ventilating type insecticidal lamp to catch and kill insect, carry out biogenic, mineral sources, botanical pesticide, utilize Sod culture, cultivate and protect pest natural enemy;3. managing mechanization, Fructus Mali pumilae wide row dense planting, bush type culture, mechanization is all carried out in field management;
Intensive by implementing " four change three changes " technology, accomplish that the three of " good anvil, breeding and good method " are Rational Matching, it is achieved Economization on land, save labour, save water-fertilizer-pesticide resource " three joints " cultivation mode.
2. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, in it is characterized in that described stock maternal plant garden is built, build garden land use selection without quarantine pest and disease damage, in 500 meters without juniper rust source of disease, non-environmental-pollution, traffic convenience, leeward on the sunny side, physical features is smooth, P in soil H-number is 6.0, have that irrigation conditions, draining be good, the sandy loam of fertile soil and gently stick loam, and the plot of continuous 3 years fruit trees of not planting.
3. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, in it is characterized in that described stock maternal plant garden is built, plant stock time by rootstock seedling south dip 45 degree, the depth of planting is 15 centimetres, often within 5-7 days, micro-spray is carried out once after cultivation, keep ground moistening, after Survival rate of nursery stock, when sprouting sprouts, anvil Seedling is carried out southwards level and fixes.
4. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, in it is characterized in that described stock maternal plant garden is built, the soil moisture reaches M9-T337 anvil Seedling of planting when more than 15 degree, is soaked 24 hours by rootstock seedling clear water before planting;Then with the root-growing agent of 500 times, root is soaked 12 hours;Root is dipped in 15 minutes with the 150 times of copper-baths prepared.
5. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, in it is characterized in that described stock maternal plant garden is built, the most simple training is used to press the measure of old sawdust to make stock take root, when stock lateral bud takes out the longest 15-20cm, at newborn anvil Seedling base portion firming 4-6cm;Training pressure sawdust, thickness 10cm after stock lateral bud takes out the longest 30cm;Spray the root-growing agent of 500 times in underground, when anvil Seedling grows to more than 40cm, start training pressure second time sawdust, thickness 10cm;When anvil Seedling grows to more than 50cm, then third time training pressure sawdust 10cm, training pressure sawdust total height reaches 30cm, then the 5cm that earths up outside sawdust;Every 10 days of 7-9 month sprayed the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of foliage fertilizer 0.3-0.5% once.
6. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, in it is characterized in that described stock maternal plant garden is built, push soil and the sawdust of training pressure aside, root of hair preferable anvil Seedlings more than 3 Rhizoma Imperataes is being cut away from maternal 3-5cm, in case grafting in being placed on controlled atmosphere store;The rootstock seedling cut carries out double tongue grafting in good time, retains 35cm below interface;The anvil Seedling connected being put into controlled atmosphere store preserve, storehouse temperature is 2-3 DEG C;When ground temperature rises to 15 DEG C, reenter propagation nursery and plant.
7. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described propagation nursery early construction is turned over after autumn, the degree of depth is 30-40 centimetre, executes well-rotted farmyard manure 3000kg/ mu and phosphate fertilizer 100kg/ mu, rotary tillage again after thawing spring.
8. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described propagation nursery carries out the Integration of Water into Fertilizer in building, combining micro spray irrigation monthly underground 7-9 month to apply fertilizer once, underground fertilising combines with foliage spray.
9. Fructus Mali pumilae nontoxic Dwarf rootstocks M9-T337 stock fast breeding method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Demonstration Garden is planted grass planting and selected rye grass, high Pilus Caprae seu Ovis grass in building.
CN201610320346.9A 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Apple nontoxic dwarfed self-rooted rootstock M9-T337 rapid propagation method Pending CN105993445A (en)

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CN106550846A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-04-05 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所(江苏徐州甘薯研究中心) A kind of method that apple dwarf is integrally bred from root anvil seedlings fringe anvil
CN107278636A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-10-24 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 A kind of method for breeding Dwarf rootstocks apple seedlings
CN109863896A (en) * 2018-10-28 2019-06-11 陕西海棠生态农林股份有限公司 A kind of duplicate rows is staggered press strip method
CN109906855A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-21 中农春雨高科技股份有限公司 The method of planting culture Dwarf rootstocks apple

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106550846A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-04-05 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所(江苏徐州甘薯研究中心) A kind of method that apple dwarf is integrally bred from root anvil seedlings fringe anvil
CN106550846B (en) * 2016-11-18 2019-05-21 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所(江苏徐州甘薯研究中心) A kind of method that apple dwarf is integrally bred from root anvil seedlings fringe anvil
CN107278636A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-10-24 中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所 A kind of method for breeding Dwarf rootstocks apple seedlings
CN109863896A (en) * 2018-10-28 2019-06-11 陕西海棠生态农林股份有限公司 A kind of duplicate rows is staggered press strip method
CN109906855A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-21 中农春雨高科技股份有限公司 The method of planting culture Dwarf rootstocks apple

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