CN103598020A - Grafting cultivation method of ailanthus altissima - Google Patents

Grafting cultivation method of ailanthus altissima Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103598020A
CN103598020A CN201310518205.4A CN201310518205A CN103598020A CN 103598020 A CN103598020 A CN 103598020A CN 201310518205 A CN201310518205 A CN 201310518205A CN 103598020 A CN103598020 A CN 103598020A
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Prior art keywords
tree
heaven
ailanthus altissima
branch
generation
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CN201310518205.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103598020B (en
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朱玉生
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朱玉生
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Abstract

Disclosed is a grafting cultivation method of ailanthus altissima. The grafting cultivation method of the ailanthus altissima comprises the following steps of cultivating first generation ailanthus altissima with mulberry as a stock and an ailanthus altissima sapling as a scion and cultivating second generation ailanthus altissima with the first generation ailanthus altissima as a stock and toona sinensis as a scion; pruning branches with strong stems and developed roots into sections of 12-17 cm after the second generation ailanthus altissima survives and grows a year, dipping the roots of the pruned branches into rooting agents and immediately planting the pruned branches into soil, guaranteeing rapid growth, and reinforcing management and protection; fixing the hole of the ailanthus altissima and transplanting the ailanthus altissima in the third year and picking tender leaves for processing and eating if the ailanthus altissima survives. The grafting cultivation method of ailanthus altissima is simple and facilitates practical operation, the quality of the toona sinensis can be improved by means of the advantages of the ailanthus altissima through the grafting of the toona sinensis and the ailanthus altissima, and new variety of toona sinensis, which is applicable to industrialization of toona sinensis buds can be developed.

Description

The engrafting and cultivating method of a kind of tree of heaven

Technical field

The present invention relates to sapling and cultivate technical field, be specifically related to the engrafting and cultivating method of a kind of tree of heaven.

Background technology

Chinese toon (formal name used at school: Toona sinensis) originating in China, be distributed in the extensive area in north and south, the Changjiang river, is Meliaceae, deciduous tree, dioecism, leaf is even number winglike compound leaf, panicle, hermaphrodite flower white, fruit is oval capsule, aliform seed, and seed can be bred.Tree height is large, except edible for Chinese toon bud, is also the preferred seeds of afforestation.Chinese toon bud is nutritious, and has dietary function, cure mainly catch cold, arthralgia due to wind-dampness, stomachache, dysentery etc.Chinese toon happiness temperature, the suitable regional culture 8-10 ℃ of mean temperature of air, cold tolerance improves with the increase of the seedling age of tree.With the annual seedling of seed sowing, one 10 ℃ of left and right, may endure cold.Chinese toon happiness light, compared with moisture-proof, suitable growth is in river bank, house around in fertile damp soil, generally with sandy loam for well, suitable soil acidity or alkalinity is pH5.5-8.0.

Tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) the original name tree of heaven, has another name called Ailanthus altissima and Mu Longshu, disperses stink gain the name because of leaf base gland point.Belonging to Simarubaceae, is a kind of deciduous tree.Its growth is rapid, strong adaptability, and except clay, various soil and neutrality, acidity and calcium soil can be grown, and fit and are born in deep, fertile, moistening sandy soil.Cold-resistant, drought-enduring.But the tender leaf of tree-of-heaven has peculiar smell, people can not eat.

By Chinese toon and tree-of-heaven grafting, can utilize tree-of-heaven advantage to improve Chinese toon quality, develop the Chinese toon new varieties that are suitable for the industrialization of Chinese toon bud.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of mode simple, the engrafting and cultivating method of the tree of heaven of convenient operation.

Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions:

An engrafting and cultivating method for tree of heaven, comprises following methods step,

1) selecting mulberry tree is stock, and tree-of-heaven sapling is scion, cultivates first generation tree-of-heaven, and using first generation tree-of-heaven as scion, Chinese toon tree, for stock, is cultivated second generation tree-of-heaven;

2) second generation tree-of-heaven survival and growth is after 1 year, clip cane is sturdy, and the branch of root branch prosperity is cut into 12-17 centimetre of section shape, root is dipped after root-growing agent and implanted in the soil of ploughing deeply and putting in order immediately, while ploughing deeply, control necessary element and the beneficial element of fertilizer well;

3) after branch is implanted, at surface coverage one deck sandy soil, soil is steady and sure, regularly water, guarantee the humidity of soil;

4), after the branch of implanting survives, first will focus on effective management, regular artificial weeding, and deinsectization, waters, fertilising, the Fast Growth of assurance tree-of-heaven;

5) after tree-of-heaven survives, prune the spring of Second Year for the first time, wipes out damage by disease and insect branch and be positioned at the branch of trunk root;

6) after the 3rd, just can carry out determining cave transplanting to tree-of-heaven, its tender leaf of the Second Year after transplant survival just can be searched for food.

Described necessary element is hydrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and its ratio is 0.5:1.3:1:2:2.5:1.2.

Described beneficial element is silicon, cobalt, nickel, sodium, and its ratio is 2:1:0.5:1.5.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the inventive method is simple, be convenient to practical operation, by Chinese toon and tree-of-heaven grafting, can utilize tree-of-heaven advantage to improve Chinese toon quality, develop the Chinese toon new varieties that are suitable for the industrialization of Chinese toon bud.

Embodiment

For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.

An engrafting and cultivating method for tree of heaven, comprises following methods step,

1) selecting mulberry tree is stock, and tree-of-heaven sapling is scion, cultivates first generation tree-of-heaven, and using first generation tree-of-heaven as scion, Chinese toon tree, for stock, is cultivated second generation tree-of-heaven;

2) second generation tree-of-heaven survival and growth is after 1 year, clip cane is sturdy, and the branch of root branch prosperity is cut into 12-17 centimetre of section shape, root is dipped after root-growing agent and implanted in the soil of ploughing deeply and putting in order immediately, while ploughing deeply, control necessary element and the beneficial element of fertilizer well;

3) after branch is implanted, at surface coverage one deck sandy soil, soil is steady and sure, regularly water, guarantee the humidity of soil;

4), after the branch of implanting survives, first will focus on effective management, regular artificial weeding, and deinsectization, waters, fertilising, the Fast Growth of assurance tree-of-heaven;

5) after tree-of-heaven survives, prune the spring of Second Year for the first time, wipes out damage by disease and insect branch and be positioned at the branch of trunk root;

6) after the 3rd, just can carry out determining cave transplanting to tree-of-heaven, its tender leaf of the Second Year after transplant survival just can be searched for food.

Described necessary element is hydrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and its ratio is 0.5:1.3:1:2:2.5:1.2.

Described beneficial element is silicon, cobalt, nickel, sodium, and its ratio is 2:1:0.5:1.5.

More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

1. an engrafting and cultivating method for tree of heaven, is characterized in that: comprise following methods step,
1) selecting mulberry tree is stock, and tree-of-heaven sapling is scion, cultivates first generation tree-of-heaven, and using first generation tree-of-heaven as scion, Chinese toon tree, for stock, is cultivated second generation tree-of-heaven;
2) second generation tree-of-heaven survival and growth is after 1 year, clip cane is sturdy, and the branch of root branch prosperity is cut into 12-17 centimetre of section shape, root is dipped after root-growing agent and implanted in the soil of ploughing deeply and putting in order immediately, while ploughing deeply, control necessary element and the beneficial element of fertilizer well;
3) after branch is implanted, at surface coverage one deck sandy soil, soil is steady and sure, regularly water, guarantee the humidity of soil;
4), after the branch of implanting survives, first will focus on effective management, regular artificial weeding, and deinsectization, waters, fertilising, the Fast Growth of assurance tree-of-heaven;
5) after tree-of-heaven survives, prune the spring of Second Year for the first time, wipes out damage by disease and insect branch and be positioned at the branch of trunk root;
6) after the 3rd, just can carry out determining cave transplanting to tree-of-heaven, its tender leaf of the Second Year after transplant survival just can be searched for food.
2. the engrafting and cultivating method of a kind of tree of heaven according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described must element be hydrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and its ratio is 0.5:1.3:1:2:2.5:1.2; Described beneficial element is silicon, cobalt, nickel, sodium, and its ratio is 2:1:0.5:1.5.
CN201310518205.4A 2013-10-28 2013-10-28 Grafting cultivation method of ailanthus altissima CN103598020B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082042A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-10-08 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Cedrela sinensis budding and propagating method
CN104871753A (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-02 西昌贝安德林农林科技有限公司 Red cedrela sinensis seedling growing method
CN105706748A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-29 四川省林业科学研究院 Cedrela sinensis and cedrela toona grafting propagation method
CN106665263A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-05-17 余启佳 Method for planting Ailanthus altissima trees by using organic fertilizer

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
丁刚等: "用臭椿嫁接红叶椿长势好", 《农业知识》, no. 13, 31 December 2007 (2007-12-31) *
张先丽: "臭椿育苗及造林技术", 《现代林业科技》, no. 9, 31 December 2012 (2012-12-31) *
王洪鸣等: "红果臭椿培育试验", 《宁夏农林科技》, no. 2, 31 December 2009 (2009-12-31) *
赵学坤: "速生红椿7号及其三种椿芽生产技术要点", 《河北农业科技》, no. 1, 28 February 1998 (1998-02-28) *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104871753A (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-02 西昌贝安德林农林科技有限公司 Red cedrela sinensis seedling growing method
CN104871753B (en) * 2014-02-28 2017-06-27 卢德莉 A kind of red Chinese toon method for culturing seedlings
CN104082042A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-10-08 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Cedrela sinensis budding and propagating method
CN104082042B (en) * 2014-06-18 2016-03-02 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 A kind of Chinese toon bud grafting propagation method
CN105706748A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-29 四川省林业科学研究院 Cedrela sinensis and cedrela toona grafting propagation method
CN106665263A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-05-17 余启佳 Method for planting Ailanthus altissima trees by using organic fertilizer

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