CN102845809B - Camellia oleifera fruit huller - Google Patents

Camellia oleifera fruit huller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102845809B
CN102845809B CN201210289183.4A CN201210289183A CN102845809B CN 102845809 B CN102845809 B CN 102845809B CN 201210289183 A CN201210289183 A CN 201210289183A CN 102845809 B CN102845809 B CN 102845809B
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China
Prior art keywords
discaling rolls
home roll
break
discaling
case
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210289183.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102845809A (en
Inventor
杜国山
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DANDONG XINAKE HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT CO LTD
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DANDONG XINAKE HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT CO LTD
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Priority to CN201210289183.4A priority Critical patent/CN102845809B/en
Publication of CN102845809A publication Critical patent/CN102845809A/en
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Publication of CN102845809B publication Critical patent/CN102845809B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of camellia oleifera fruit huller, belongs to field of mechanical technique of peeling off.Comprise frame, break-in case, two discaling rolls, home roll, rectangular sieve, half rotary strainer and blower fan, described frame top is provided with feeding mouth, in frame, relative feeding mouth is provided with two discaling rolls in relative rotation, described two discaling rolls are connected respectively with break-in case, live-roller, half rotary strainer and rectangular sieve is set gradually below two discaling rolls, home roll axle one end is connected with break-in case, and rectangular sieve side arranges blower fan, and engine is connected respectively with home roll, blower fan.The present invention is by two discaling rolls relative rotating stripping tea seed shell, and by hole sizer and blower fan, seed, shell are separated, realize tea seed and peel off, peeling efficiency is high, and seed, shell are easily separated.Distance between two discaling rolls is according to fruit grain size adjustment, and tea seed damage is little, easily peels off.

Description

Camellia oleifera fruit huller
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique of peeling off, particularly relate to a kind of camellia oleifera fruit huller.
Background technology
The peeling off of the outside hair shell of camellia oleifera fruit and tea seed, be separated and also do not have former, mostly adopt conventional method, be namely exposed to the sun camellia oleifera fruit, makes its mao of shell cracking, then take out tea seed.Although the oil tea that can be used for having had a small amount of different structure and function shells the equipment be separated with shell, benevolence, these equipment mostly treating capacity are less, and technical performance index is poor.The easy squeeze crack of fruit grain after peeling off is broken or shell is incrust, and fruit grain is not easy to be separated with pericarp, by manually screening, wastes a large amount of human and material resources.
Summary of the invention
For the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the invention provides a kind of camellia oleifera fruit huller, it makes fruit grain and pericarp be divided into two parts by changing overall structure.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of camellia oleifera fruit huller, comprise frame, break-in case, two discaling rolls, home roll, rectangular sieve, half rotary strainer and blower fan, described frame top is provided with feeding mouth, in frame, relative feeding mouth is provided with two discaling rolls in relative rotation, described two discaling rolls are connected respectively with break-in case, set gradually home roll, half rotary strainer and rectangular sieve below two discaling rolls, and home roll axle one end is connected with break-in case, rectangular sieve side arranges blower fan, and engine is connected respectively with home roll one end, blower fan.
Described break-in case comprises power shaft, two output shaft in relative rotation, power shaft and output shaft are respectively arranged with pitch wheel, power shaft one end is provided with the input sprocket be connected with engine, two output shafts is respectively arranged with the output chain gear that two discaling roll axles connect.
Described two discaling rolls are also provided with spacing adjusting device, comprise adjusting handle, chain and two cover fluted disc, screw-nuts, two discaling rolls are juxtaposed on its installing rack, two discaling roll axle two ends are separately installed with the screw of relative motion, the leading screw one end being mated connection is respectively arranged with fluted disc, be connected with chain between two fluted discs, a leading screw end is provided with adjusting handle wherein, and the home roll other end is connected with break-in case input shaft end.Centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls is 166-194mm.The spacing of described home roll and half rotary strainer is 15-20mm.
Tool of the present invention has the following advantages:
The present invention is by two discaling rolls relative rotating stripping tea seed shell, and by hole sizer and blower fan, seed, shell are separated, realize tea seed and peel off, peeling efficiency is high, and seed, shell are easily separated.Distance between two discaling rolls is according to fruit grain size adjustment, and tea seed damage is little, easily peels off.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of break-in case in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of two discaling rolls in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3.
In figure: 1. feeding mouth, 2. break-in case, 21. power shafts, 22. input sprockets, 23. output shafts, 24. output chain gears, 25. gears, 3. discaling roll, 4. home roll, 5. half rotary strainer, 6. blower fan, 7. gearbox, 8. diesel engine, 9. frame, 10. handwheel, 11. clutches, 12. rectangular sieves, 13. fluted discs, 14. leading screws, 15. screws, 16. chains, 17. connecting rods.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes frame 9, break-in case 2, two discaling roll 3, home roll 4, rectangular sieve 12, half rotary strainer 5 and blower fan 6, described frame 9 top is provided with feeding mouth 1, in frame 9, relative feeding mouth 1 is provided with two discaling rolls 3 in relative rotation, described two discaling rolls 3 are connected respectively with break-in case 2, home roll 4, half rotary strainer 5 and rectangular sieve 12 is set gradually below two discaling rolls 3, home roll 4 axle one end is connected with break-in case, rectangular sieve 12 side arranges blower fan 6, engine is diesel engine 8, is connected respectively with home roll 4 one end, blower fan 6.
As shown in Figure 2, described break-in case 2 comprises power shaft 21, two output shaft 23 in relative rotation, power shaft 21 and output shaft 23 are respectively arranged with pitch wheel 25, power shaft 21 one end is provided with the input sprocket 22 be connected with engine, two output shafts 23 are respectively arranged with the output chain gear 24 that two discaling roll 3 axles connect, home roll 4 other end is connected with break-in case 2 power shaft 21 end.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, described two discaling rolls 3 are also provided with spacing adjusting device, comprise adjusting handle 10, chain 16 and two cover fluted disc 13, screw-nuts, two discaling rolls 3 are juxtaposed on its installing rack, two discaling roll 3 axle two ends are separately installed with the screw 15 of relative motion, leading screw 14 one end being mated connection is respectively arranged with fluted disc 13, is connected with chain between two fluted discs 13, and leading screw 14 end is provided with adjusting handle 10 wherein.Centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls 3 is 194mm; The scope of two discaling rolls, 3 15-55mm can be regulated by handwheel 10.The spacing of home roll and half rotary strainer is 16mm.Be connected by connecting rod 17 between described home roll 4 with rectangular sieve 12, home roll 4 rotates, and drives rectangular sieve 12 to move by connecting rod 17.
The course of work of the present invention:
Diesel engine 8 drives its gearbox, starts power by clutch in the time of dividing, and after starting, clutch separately, (A-B2 gear) speed shelves after putting into gear, and drive home roll 4 rotates.After home roll 4 rotates, rear end drives break-in case 2, is rotated and with break-in, double teeth roller 3 is inwardly rotated simultaneously, regulate, regulate the distance between two discaling rolls 3, expand simultaneously and reduce by spacing adjusting device according to fruit size by gear 25.Fruit after blanking opening, is rotated by home roll 4 and kernel is separated with shell between double teeth roller 3, falls rectangular sieve 12 by half rotary strainer 5, by the choosing of blower fan 6 pneumatic jig, kernel is totally packed.
Embodiment 2: the difference of this example and embodiment 1 is: the centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls 3 of this example is 166mm; The scope of two discaling rolls, 3 15-55mm can be regulated by handwheel 10.The spacing of home roll and half rotary strainer is 15mm.
Embodiment 3: the centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls 3 is 180mm; The scope of two discaling rolls, 3 15-55mm can be regulated by handwheel 10; The spacing of home roll and half rotary strainer is 20mm.
Embodiment 4: the centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls 3 is 170mm; The scope of two discaling rolls, 3 15-55mm can be regulated by handwheel 10.The spacing of home roll and half rotary strainer is 18mm.
Embodiment 5: the centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls 3 is 185mm; The scope of two discaling rolls, 3 15-55mm can be regulated by handwheel 10.The spacing of home roll and half rotary strainer is 19mm.

Claims (3)

1. a husking machine for oil-tea seeds, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, break-in case, two discaling rolls, home roll, rectangular sieve, half rotary strainer and blower fan, described frame top is provided with feeding mouth, in frame, relative feeding mouth is provided with two discaling rolls in relative rotation, described two discaling rolls are connected respectively with break-in case, set gradually home roll, half rotary strainer and rectangular sieve below two discaling rolls, and home roll axle one end is connected with break-in case, rectangular sieve side arranges blower fan, and engine is connected respectively with home roll one end, blower fan; Described two discaling rolls are also provided with spacing adjusting device, and home roll rotarily drives break-in case, and double teeth roller inwardly rotates simultaneously, regulates, regulate the distance between two discaling rolls, expand simultaneously and reduce by spacing adjusting device according to fruit size; Fruit after blanking opening, by home roll rotating separation kernel and shell, falls rectangular sieve by half rotary strainer between double teeth roller, by blower fan screening, kernel is totally packed; Described break-in case comprises power shaft, two output shaft in relative rotation, power shaft and output shaft are respectively arranged with pitch wheel, power shaft one end is provided with the input sprocket be connected with engine, two output shafts is respectively arranged with the output chain gear that two discaling roll axles connect; Described spacing adjusting device comprises adjusting handle, chain and two cover fluted disc, screw-nuts, two discaling rolls are juxtaposed on its installing rack, two discaling roll axle two ends are separately installed with the screw of relative motion, the leading screw one end being mated connection is respectively arranged with fluted disc, chain is connected with between two fluted discs, a leading screw end is provided with adjusting handle wherein, and the home roll other end is connected with break-in case input shaft end.
2. husking machine for oil-tea seeds according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the centre-to-centre spacing L between described two discaling rolls is 166-194mm.
3. husking machine for oil-tea seeds according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the spacing of described home roll and half rotary strainer is 15-20mm.
CN201210289183.4A 2012-08-15 2012-08-15 Camellia oleifera fruit huller Expired - Fee Related CN102845809B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210289183.4A CN102845809B (en) 2012-08-15 2012-08-15 Camellia oleifera fruit huller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210289183.4A CN102845809B (en) 2012-08-15 2012-08-15 Camellia oleifera fruit huller

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CN102845809B true CN102845809B (en) 2015-08-05

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489858B (en) * 2014-12-11 2017-02-22 仲恺农业工程学院 Camellia fruit huller
CN104998811B (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-10-27 中南林业科技大学 A kind of toothed roller type oil tea shell seed cleans method and apparatus
CN105219518A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-06 青田县瓯青机械有限公司 Tea fruit seed shell tripping device and comprise broken shell separation system and the technique of this device
CN106805258A (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-09 广西大学 A kind of small-sized camellia oleifera fruit hulling device
CN108113015A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-06-05 郑州搜趣信息技术有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency vertical camellia oleifera fruit hulling device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2256348Y (en) * 1996-03-25 1997-06-18 刘方年 Finely sieving machine for grain and oil process
CN2259058Y (en) * 1996-03-12 1997-08-13 麻来有 Machine for hulling peanuts
CN2770778Y (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-04-12 王振华 Shelling separating equipment for cottonseed, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower seed and peanut
CN101313773A (en) * 2008-06-30 2008-12-03 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所 Chain type peeling machine for macadamia nut
CN202750673U (en) * 2012-08-15 2013-02-27 丹东先科液压设备有限公司 Camellia oleifera fruit hulling machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2259058Y (en) * 1996-03-12 1997-08-13 麻来有 Machine for hulling peanuts
CN2256348Y (en) * 1996-03-25 1997-06-18 刘方年 Finely sieving machine for grain and oil process
CN2770778Y (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-04-12 王振华 Shelling separating equipment for cottonseed, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower seed and peanut
CN101313773A (en) * 2008-06-30 2008-12-03 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所 Chain type peeling machine for macadamia nut
CN202750673U (en) * 2012-08-15 2013-02-27 丹东先科液压设备有限公司 Camellia oleifera fruit hulling machine

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