CN202722443U - Walnut shucking and kernel taking device - Google Patents

Walnut shucking and kernel taking device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202722443U
CN202722443U CN 201220386237 CN201220386237U CN202722443U CN 202722443 U CN202722443 U CN 202722443U CN 201220386237 CN201220386237 CN 201220386237 CN 201220386237 U CN201220386237 U CN 201220386237U CN 202722443 U CN202722443 U CN 202722443U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
flat rubber
rubber belting
work flat
shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220386237
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李长河
刘洋
贾昭鑫
于纪会
舒思婉
李晶尧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao University of Technology
Original Assignee
Qingdao University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao University of Technology filed Critical Qingdao University of Technology
Priority to CN 201220386237 priority Critical patent/CN202722443U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202722443U publication Critical patent/CN202722443U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a walnut shucking and kernel taking device, which comprises a rack. A chassis is arranged on the rack, a pressing and smashing device is arranged in the chassis, a stirring device is arranged on the discharging port of the pressing and smashing device, a sorting device is arranged on the discharging port of the stirring device, a power device is fixedly arranged on the lower wall of the chassis, and the power device is respectively connected with the sorting device and the pressing and smashing device through a V-shaped belt. Firstly, a walnut is enabled to be cracked through the pressing and smashing device, according to actions of hammering by the stirring device, wind separating by a separation device, adhering by a floss belt and the like, the shell of the walnut is enabled to be broken, the automatic separation of a walnut shell from a kernel is realized, by the adoption of a height adjustment device, the walnut shucking and kernel taking device is enabled to be capable of processing different breeds of walnuts, so that the device can be applied in large-scale production, laboring time is shortened, labor force is saved, processing cost is lowered, the problem of dependence on manual work due to difficult walnut shucking and kernel taking is better solved, a shucking rate and a high kernel exposure rate are improved, and the green and clean production with high efficiency, low consumption and low cost is realized.

Description

CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device
Technical field
The present utility model relates to a kind of agricultural byproducts processing equipment, relates in particular to a kind of CRACKING WALNUT and gets the benevolence device.
Background technology
China's walnut cultivated area is large, and output is high, but process technology falls behind, and does not have ripe walnut shell-breaking machinery.Because Walnut Cultivars is numerous and diverse, size difference is large, out-of-shape, shell benevolence gap are little, so the shell-cracking kernel-taking difficulty of walnut is larger, also need carry out separation of hull from kernel after the broken shell, in view of shell benevolence density is more or less the same, there are many burrs to cause separation of hull from kernel also comparatively difficult on broken shell, the broken benevolence in addition.Through retrieval, developed at present pair roller indent type hulling machine, same circumference is being evenly distributed 8 nest eyes on each roller of this device.The nest eye is staggered in whole press roll surface and arranges, nest eye longitudinal pitch is 54mm, and all nest eye opening radiuses are 30mm, but the degree of depth at the nest eye of same circumference is not identical, increase 0.5mm successively until 20mm from 13mm, the length 870mm of pair roller.This device can carry out to the walnut that varies in size set a distance extruding, and with nest eye crawl walnut, crawl is reliable when pushing simultaneously, can play during the walnut extruding, can push reliably.The walnut of broken shell need further shell.The two gear disk one toothed plate type rejuvenator of another extensive use, fluted disc rotarily drives walnut and gets into the district of peeling off that is comprised of fluted disc, eccentric arc tooth plate while rotating, the effect of being squeezed, the walnut surface cracks and gradually expansion, until finally break fully, broken shell and benevolence ask that from minimum the crack falls down.Also has a kind of constant hulling machine of distortion that is, this hulling machine is comprised of the opposite roller of a pair of hand of thread spiral, cutting has the constant trapezoidal thread of pitch on the roller face, and the screw thread roller has guaranteed that structurally the practical distortion of walnut can increase with the increase in fruit footpath.When nutcracker is between a pair of left and right screw thread, 4 pressurizations have been formed.The walnut in different fruits footpath can be in the broken shell of different opening place.For avoiding walnut and roller to ask relative slippage occurs, the roller face has carried out " annular knurl " to be processed.Also have in addition inside and outside mill walnut shell-breaking device, disk hulling machine, dull and stereotyped extruding hulling machine, arc plate one cylinder hulling machine, machinery to impact hulling machine and collide broken housing apparatus etc.
The CRACKING WALNUT kernel-taking machine of development generally adopts the principles such as extruding, machinery impact, shear, rub to peel off and gets benevolence at present, and Main Problems is that performance indications are not high, and to the walnut bad adaptability of variety classes size, automaticity is low.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly in order to address the above problem, and provides a kind of CRACKING WALNUT to get the benevolence device, and it has the automaticity height, realizes the advantage of CRACKING WALNUT and separation of hull from kernel.
To achieve these goals, the present utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device, and it comprises frame, and frame is provided with cabinet, and cabinet is provided with the compression reducing mechanism, is provided with agitating device at the discharging opening that compresses reducing mechanism, and the discharging opening of agitating device is provided with sorting unit; Cabinet is provided with power set, described power set respectively with sorting unit be connected reducing mechanism and be connected.
Described compression reducing mechanism comprises compression reducing mechanism and lower compression reducing mechanism; Described upper compression reducing mechanism comprises work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve, both connect by upper work flat rubber belting, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel is installed on the work flat rubber belting driving shaft and with power set and is connected, and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft is connected with arrangement for adjusting height; Described lower compression reducing mechanism comprises gear wheel, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve, jackshaft belt wheel, the lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft of gear wheel is connected with the driven axle sleeve sleeve of lower work flat rubber belting by lower work flat rubber belting, the jackshaft belt wheel is connected with power set, the jackshaft of jackshaft belt wheel also is provided with pinion simultaneously, pinion and the engagement of described gear wheel, the driving gear wheel rotates, and and then the lower work of driving flat rubber belting motion.
Described upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft is provided with the upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve that utilizes upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft circlip location; Described upper work flat rubber belting both ends of main drive shaft is provided with respectively upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle separately, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing, upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing cover from inside to outside successively; Upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing and upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover are fixed on the work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal, and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing cover and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing are fixed on the work flat rubber belting rear bearing block; Described arrangement for adjusting height comprises the screwed hole that has on work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal and the upper work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal, the height adjusting screw distributes and passes corresponding screwed hole, be provided with each self-corresponding hand rotating disk at leading screw one end, rotate by hand traverse dribbling movable wire thick stick, regulate the height of described diaxon bearing;
Described upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve is positioned on the upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft by upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft two ends are provided with respectively separately corresponding upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle from inside to outside successively, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket and upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, wherein, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing is fixedly connected with the cabinet antetheca with upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket, and upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing is fixedly connected with the cabinet rear wall with upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap.
Described lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft is provided with the lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve by lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft elastic ring location, and the motion of the flat rubber belting of working under the utilization of lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve drives lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft and rotates; Described lower work flat rubber belting is provided with the metal supporting plate.
Described jackshaft two ends are provided with separately respectively corresponding jackshaft oil baffle, jackshaft fore bearing, jackshaft rear bearing, midship shaft bearing end cap and midship shaft bearing transparent cover from inside to outside successively, wherein, jackshaft fore bearing and midship shaft bearing transparent cover are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca, jackshaft rear bearing and midship shaft bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall, between cabinet antetheca and midship shaft bearing transparent cover, be provided with the midship shaft bearing lid gasket, be provided with the felt circle in the midship shaft bearing transparent cover.
Described lower work flat rubber belting both ends of main drive shaft is provided with separately corresponding lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing, lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing rear end cap from inside to outside successively; Wherein, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca, and lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing rear end cap are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall; Described lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft is provided with by the fixing lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve of lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft two ends are provided with respectively separately corresponding lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle from inside to outside successively, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, wherein, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca, and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall; Between cabinet rear wall and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, be provided with lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing cap pad.
Be provided with upper supporting roller sleeve and snub pulley sleeve in the described upper compression reducing mechanism, they are connected with the snub pulley arrangement for adjusting height with separately upper supporting roller arrangement for adjusting height respectively; Described upper supporting roller sleeve is positioned on the pop-up roll shaft by the upper supporting roller circlip, the two ends of pop-up roll shaft are provided with respectively separately corresponding upper supporting roller oil baffle, upper supporting roller fore bearing, upper supporting roller rear bearing, upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap and upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap from inside to outside successively, upper supporting roller fore bearing and upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal, and upper supporting roller rear bearing and upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the upper supporting roller rear bearing block; Wherein, the upper supporting roller arrangement for adjusting height comprises the upper supporting roller screwed hole that the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal is provided with, and the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal matches with the cabinet antetheca by leading screw, and the upper supporting roller rear bearing block matches with the cabinet rear wall, and leading screw is connected with corresponding hand rotating disk; Described snub pulley sleeve is positioned on the subiculum roll shaft by the snub pulley circlip, the two ends of subiculum roll shaft are provided with respectively the snub pulley oil baffle successively, the snub pulley fore bearing, the snub pulley rear bearing, snub pulley fore bearing end cap and snub pulley rear bearing end cap, snub pulley fore bearing and snub pulley fore bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal, snub pulley rear bearing and snub pulley rear bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the snub pulley rear bearing block, wherein, the snub pulley arrangement for adjusting height comprises the snub pulley bearing block screwed hole on the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal, the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal matches with the cabinet antetheca by leading screw, the snub pulley rear bearing block matches with the cabinet rear wall, and leading screw is connected with corresponding hand rotating disk.
Described agitating device comprises the hammering concentrator bowl, be provided with the centrifugal main shaft of hammering in the hammering concentrator bowl, the centrifugal main shaft of secondary motor drives hammering rotates, the centrifugal main shaft of hammering utilizes fixed hub to be fixedly connected on the cabinet, on the centrifugal main shaft of hammering, also be provided with the hammering centrifuge blade, the hammering centrifuge blade utilizes the hammering centrifuge blade collar to be fixed on the centrifugal main shaft of hammering, and described hammering concentrator bowl barrel is concentric with the centrifugal main shaft of hammering, and hammering concentrator bowl barrel is fixedly connected on two frame pin.
Described sorting unit comprises the inferoanterior blowing device of hammering concentrator bowl, at the relevant position of blowing device clearer belting; Described clearer belting comprises the clearer fore-stock, be provided with the clearer after-poppet with clearer fore-stock correspondence position, the clearer fore-stock is provided with clearer driving shaft belt wheel, be fixed with initiatively clearer and driven clearer at clearer fore-stock and clearer after-poppet, clearer driving shaft belt wheel rotates and drives initiatively clearer rotation, initiatively clearer drives driven clearer rotation by the suede band, and initiatively the clearer below is provided with baffle plate, and clearer driving shaft belt wheel is connected with power set.
Described power set comprise main motor, main motor is installed in main motor and is connected on the tank tower, the main motor tank tower that is connected is welded on the cabinet lower wall, the main motor axle of main motor is fixedly connected with cone pulley, described cone pulley is divided into three diameter of axle sections, be made as successively a diameter of axle section, b diameter of axle section, c-axis footpath section from an outmost diameter of axle section, the a diameter of axle section of described cone pulley is connected with clearer driving shaft belt wheel, b diameter of axle section is connected with upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel, and c-axis footpath section is connected with the jackshaft belt wheel.
Beneficial effect of the present utility model: adopt two two work flat rubber beltings that have high-speed friction and speed difference is arranged, walnut is produced friction, the active force of shearing and pushing and directed the transmission, and the hammering by agitating device, separate with the wind-force of separator, the effects such as suede band adhesion, can make walnut shell-breaking and realize the automation of separation of hull from kernel, adopt arrangement for adjusting height, device can be adapted to process the walnut of different cultivars (size is different), thereby can be used for large batch of production operation, shorten working time and labor savings, cut down finished cost, preferably resolve CRACKING WALNUT and get the benevolence difficulty, rely on manual problem, and hulling rate and Gao Luren are led increase, realize efficient, low consumption, low-cost green cleaner production.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of this embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the parts frame of this embodiment and the front view of cabinet;
Fig. 4 is the parts frame of this embodiment and the top view of cabinet;
Fig. 5 is the parts frame of this embodiment and the left view of cabinet;
Fig. 6 is the left view of the parts master motor (connection cone pulley) of this embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the top view of the parts master motor (connection cone pulley) of this embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the profile that the parts of this embodiment are equipped with the jackshaft of pinion and belt wheel;
Fig. 9 is the profile that the parts of this embodiment are equipped with the lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft of gear wheel and sleeve;
Figure 10 is the profile that the parts of this embodiment fill sleeved lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft;
Figure 11 is the profile that the parts of this embodiment are equipped with the upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft of belt wheel and cylinder;
Figure 12 is the profile that the parts of this embodiment fill sleeved upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft;
Figure 13 is the profile of the parts upper supporting roller sleeve of this embodiment;
Figure 14 is the profile of the parts snub pulley sleeve of this embodiment;
Figure 15 is the front view of the parts hammering concentrator bowl (removing barrel) of this embodiment;
Figure 16 is the top view of the parts hammering concentrator bowl (removing barrel) of this embodiment;
Figure 17 is the side view of the parts hammering centrifuge blade of this embodiment;
Figure 18 is the front view of the parts clearer belting of this embodiment;
Figure 19 is the left view of the parts clearer belting of this embodiment;
Figure 20 is the right view of the parts clearer belting (removing the suede band) of this embodiment;
Figure 21 is the upward view of the parts clearer belting (removing the suede band) of this embodiment;
Figure 22 is the adjustable upper work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal of the parts of this embodiment and cabinet antetheca are regulated height with screw-nut body schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1, the frame pin, 2, the main motor tank tower that is connected, 3. main motor, 4. cone pulley, 5.V band, 6. clearer driving shaft belt wheel, 7. clearer fore-stock, 8. air blast, 9. jackshaft belt wheel, 10. leading screw, 11. hand rotating disk, 12. hammering concentrator bowl barrel, 13. hammering centrifuge blades, the centrifugal main shaft of 14. hammerings, 15. gear wheel, 16. fixed hub, 17. secondary motor, the flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel of working on 18., 19. upper work flat rubber belting, 20. the snub pulley sleeve, 21. upper supporting roller sleeves, the flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve of working on 22., 23. lower work flat rubber belting, 25. lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve, 26. metal supporting plates, 27 cabinet lower walls, 28. cabinet antetheca, 29. clearer initiatively, 30. times work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing brackets, the flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket of working on 31., 32. lower flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover, 33. the midship shaft bearing transparent cover, 34. cabinet rear walls, 35. times work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end caps, 36. baffle plate, 37. upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, 38. midship shaft bearing end caps, the upper left wall of 39. cabinets, 40. clearer after-poppet, 41. lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing end cap, 42. cabinet lower-left walls, 43. main motor axles, 44. pinion, 45. the jackshaft fore bearing, 46. jackshafts, 47. jackshaft rear bearings, 48. jackshaft oil baffle, 49. the midship shaft bearing lid gasket, 50. felt circles, 51. times work flat rubber belting driving shafts, 52. lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve, 53. lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing, 54. times work flat rubber belting driving shaft circlips, 55. times work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearings, 56. lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing cap pad, 57. lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing, 58. times work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearings, 59. times work flat rubber belting driven shafts, 60. lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip, 61. upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap, 62. pop-up roll shafts, 63. upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestals, 64. upper supporting roller fore bearing, 65. upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap, 66. upper supporting roller rear bearing blocks, 67. upper supporting roller rear bearings, 68. upper supporting roller circlip, 69. the upper supporting roller screwed hole, 70. times work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffles, 71. times work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffles, 72. upper supporting roller oil baffle, 73. upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle, 74. snub pulley oil baffles, the flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle of working on 75., 76. upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing, 77. upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing, the flat rubber belting driven shaft of working on 78., the flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip of working on 79., 80. snub pulley fore bearing end cap, 81. the subiculum roll shaft, 82. snub pulley front-end bearing pedestals, 83. snub pulley fore bearings, 84. snub pulley rear bearing end cap, 85. the snub pulley rear bearing block, 86. snub pulley rear bearings, 87. snub pulley circlips, 88. snub pulley bearing block screwed hole, 89. upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft, the flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing of working on 90., the flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal of working on 91., 92. upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve, 93. upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing, the flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing end cap of working on 94., the flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing block of working on 95., 96. upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft circlip, 97. upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing screwed hole, the flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover of working on 98., the 99. hammering centrifuge blade collars, 100. the suede band, 101. driven clearers.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present utility model is described further.
The total design of the utility model is to realize efficiently peeling off and separation of hull from kernel of walnut, driving shaft sleeve and two carrying rollers of being connected to band have arrangement for adjusting height, the gap of two bands can be regulated, the horizontal range of upper supporting roller sleeve 21 and snub pulley sleeve 20 is fixed value L, vertically distance is adjustable value H, so that spacing and the wedge angle of effective accommodation zone during to processing different cultivars walnut, make it to form a steeper wedge gap, between the flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve 52 parallel clearance is arranged working under snub pulley sleeve 20 and the exit.Separator carries out three grades to shell benevolence and separates processing.
Introduce a kind of embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing: the visible main motor of front view (removing tank wall) that Figure 1 shows that equipment be connected tank tower 2 and 27 welding of cabinet lower wall, cabinet antetheca 28 and cabinet rear wall 34 be by being fixedly connected with four frame pin 1 supporting, and main motor 3 is fixedly connected on main motor and is connected on the tank tower 2.The main motor axle 43 of main motor 3 is fixedly connected with cone pulley 4, in conjunction with Fig. 1,2,6,7 as seen, the a diameter of axle section place of cone pulley 4 is with 5 to be connected with clearer driving shaft belt wheel 6 by V, the b diameter of axle Duan Chu of cone pulley 4 is with 5 to be connected with upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel 18 by V, and the section place, c-axis footpath of cone pulley 4 is with 5 to be connected with jackshaft belt wheel 9 by V.Figure 8 shows that the profile of the jackshaft 46 that pinion 44 and jackshaft belt wheel 9 are housed, as seen the jackshaft belt wheel 9, pinion 44 is fixedly connected with jackshaft 46, jackshaft 46 two ends are provided with separately respectively corresponding jackshaft oil baffle 48 from inside to outside successively, jackshaft fore bearing 45, jackshaft rear bearing 47, midship shaft bearing transparent cover 33 and midship shaft bearing end cap 38, wherein, jackshaft fore bearing 45 and midship shaft bearing transparent cover 33 are fixedly connected on cabinet antetheca 28, jackshaft rear bearing 47 and midship shaft bearing end cap 38 are fixedly connected on cabinet rear wall 34, between cabinet antetheca 28 and midship shaft bearing transparent cover 33, be provided with midship shaft bearing lid gasket 49, be provided with felt circle 50 in midship shaft bearing transparent cover 33.
Such as Fig. 1, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 3, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve 52 utilizes lower work flat rubber belting 23 to drive lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve 25; Be provided with metal supporting plate 26 at lower work flat rubber belting 23; Gear wheel 15 is fixedly connected with lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft 51, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve 52 is fixed on the lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft 51 by lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft circlip 54 location, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft 51 two ends are provided with separately corresponding lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle 70 from inside to outside successively, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing 55, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing 53, lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover 32 and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing end cap 41, wherein, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing 55 and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover 32 are fixedly connected on cabinet antetheca 28, and lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing 53 and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing end cap 41 are fixedly connected on cabinet rear wall 34.
Figure 10 shows that the profile of the lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft 59 that lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve 25 is housed, as seen lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve 25 is fixed on the lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft 59 by lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip 60, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft 59 two ends are provided with respectively separately corresponding lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle 71 from inside to outside successively, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing 57, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing 58, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket 30, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap 35, wherein, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing 57 and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket 30 are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca 28, and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing 58 and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap 35 are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall 34; Between cabinet rear wall 34 and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap 35, be provided with lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing cap pad 56.
Such as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 11, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve 92 utilizes upper work flat rubber belting 19 to drive upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve 22; Upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel 18 is fixedly connected on the work flat rubber belting driving shaft 89, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft 89 is provided with the upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve 92 that utilizes upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft circlip 96 location, the two ends of upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft 89 are provided with respectively corresponding separately upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle 75 from inside to outside successively, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing 90, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing 93, upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover 98 and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing cover 94, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing 90 and upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover 98 are fixedly connected on the work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal 91, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing cover 94 and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing 93 are fixedly connected on the work flat rubber belting rear bearing block 95, have work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing screwed hole 97 on the upper work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal 91, leading screw 10 passes the K place of work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing screwed hole 97 and front cabinet wall 28, be provided with hand rotating disk 11 at leading screw 10 1 ends, the hand leading screw 10 that makes rotates, the height of work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal 91 in the adjusting, its connected mode and feed screw nut regulative mode are as seen as shown in figure 22.
As shown in figure 12, described upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve 22 is positioned on the upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft 78 by upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip 79, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft 78 two ends are provided with respectively separately corresponding upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle 73 from inside to outside successively, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing 76, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing 77, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket 31 and upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap 37, wherein, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing 76 is fixedly connected with cabinet antetheca 28 with upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket 31, and upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing 77 is fixedly connected with cabinet rear wall 34 with upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap 37.
As shown in figure 13, upper supporting roller sleeve 21 is positioned on the pop-up roll shaft 62 by upper supporting roller circlip 68, the two ends of pop-up roll shaft 62 are provided with respectively separately corresponding upper supporting roller oil baffle 72 from inside to outside successively, upper supporting roller fore bearing 64, upper supporting roller rear bearing 67, upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap 61 and upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap 65, upper supporting roller fore bearing 64 and upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap 61 are fixedly connected on the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal 63, upper supporting roller rear bearing 67 and upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap 65 are fixedly connected on the upper supporting roller rear bearing block 66, wherein, be respectively equipped with upper supporting roller screwed hole 69 at upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal 63 and upper supporting roller rear bearing block 66, the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal matches with the I place of cabinet antetheca 28 by leading screw 10, and upper supporting roller rear bearing block 66 matches with the L place of cabinet rear wall 34.
As shown in figure 14, described snub pulley sleeve 20 is positioned on the subiculum roll shaft 81 by snub pulley circlip 87, the two ends of subiculum roll shaft 81 are provided with respectively snub pulley oil baffle 74 successively, snub pulley fore bearing 83, snub pulley rear bearing 86, snub pulley fore bearing end cap 80 and snub pulley rear bearing end cap 84, snub pulley fore bearing 83 and snub pulley fore bearing end cap 80 are fixedly connected on the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal 82, snub pulley rear bearing 86 and snub pulley rear bearing end cap 84 are fixedly connected on the snub pulley rear bearing block 85, wherein, be respectively equipped with snub pulley bearing block screwed hole 88 at snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal 82 upper and lower carrying roller rear bearing blocks 85, snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal 82 is connected with the J place of cabinet antetheca 28 by leading screw 10, and snub pulley rear bearing block 85 is connected with the M place of cabinet rear wall 34 by leading screw 10; The horizontal range of snub pulley sleeve 20 and upper supporting roller sleeve 21 is fixed value L, and vertically distance is adjustable value H.
In conjunction with Fig. 4,5,15,16 as seen, secondary motor 17 drives centrifugal main shaft 14 rotations of hammering, secondary motor 17 is fixedly connected on the upper left wall 39 of cabinet, the centrifugal main shaft 14 of hammering is by fixed hub 16 location, fixed hub 16 is fixedly connected on the upper left wall 39 of cabinet and the cabinet lower-left wall 42, in conjunction with Figure 17 as seen, hammering centrifuge blade 13 is fixedly connected with the hammering centrifuge blade collar 99, the hammering centrifuge blade collar 99 is fixedly connected on the centrifugal main shaft 14 of hammering, hammering concentrator bowl barrel 12 is concentric with main shaft 14, be fixedly connected on frame pin 29 and the frame pin 40, be provided with a blowing device at hammering concentrator bowl barrel 12 correspondence positions; Described blowing device is air blast 8.
In conjunction with Figure 18-21 as seen, suede band 100 supports and drives by initiatively clearer 29 and driven clearer 101, and under suede band 100, two ends are fixedly connected with clearer after-poppet 40 with clearer fore-stock 7 respectively from the position of right view and the visible baffle plate 36 of upward view.
During work, start successively main motor 3, secondary motor 17, then air blast 8 begins charging, walnut enters in the wedge gap by the band transmission, since the up and down speed difference of band and the effect of cylinder and metal supporting plate 26, the frictional force that walnut is subject to, and extruding force and shearing force strengthen gradually, when this process finished, walnut shell broke substantially.
After this material enters in the hammering concentrator bowl (in conjunction with Fig. 1), rotation by the centrifugal main shaft 14 of hammering, make material and hammering centrifuge blade 13 and hammering concentrator bowl barrel 12 produce the hammering collision, this process is broken walnut shell fully, and has the effect of separation of hull from kernel.
Material is fallen by the centrifugal barrel of hammering 12 exits afterwards, be subject to the wind-force effect after air blast 8 is adjusted after, and connect and separate the clearer belting shown in Figure 18-21, carry out further separation of hull from kernel.
The principle that the clearer band separates: broken walnut shell band is jagged, and the kernel smooth surface, so but adhesion walnut shell and kernel is fallen along inclined belt, the broken shell of adhesion scrapes by the baffle plate 36 of bottom.
The principle that blowing separates: the shape density of walnut shell and kernel is different, and a certain size the wind-force by orientation can make part shell benevolence (do not link to each other or connect weak shell and kernel) dispersion.
Although above-mentionedly by reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present utility model is described; but be not limiting the scope of the invention; one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; on the basis of technical scheme of the present utility model, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various modifications that creative work can make or distortion still in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device, and it comprises frame, and frame is provided with cabinet, it is characterized in that, cabinet is provided with the compression reducing mechanism, is provided with agitating device at the discharging opening that compresses reducing mechanism, and the discharging opening of agitating device is provided with sorting unit; Cabinet is provided with power set, described power set respectively with sorting unit be connected reducing mechanism and be connected.
2. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described compression reducing mechanism comprises compression reducing mechanism and lower compression reducing mechanism; Described upper compression reducing mechanism comprises work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve, both connect by upper work flat rubber belting, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel is installed on the work flat rubber belting driving shaft and with power set and is connected, and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft is connected with arrangement for adjusting height; Described lower compression reducing mechanism comprises gear wheel, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve, jackshaft belt wheel, the lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft of gear wheel is connected with the driven axle sleeve sleeve of lower work flat rubber belting by lower work flat rubber belting, the jackshaft belt wheel is connected with power set, the jackshaft of jackshaft belt wheel also is provided with pinion simultaneously, pinion and the engagement of described gear wheel, the driving gear wheel rotates, and and then the lower work of driving flat rubber belting motion.
3. CRACKING WALNUT as claimed in claim 2 is got the benevolence device, it is characterized in that, described upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft is provided with the upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve that utilizes upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft circlip location; Described upper work flat rubber belting both ends of main drive shaft is provided with respectively upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle separately, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing, upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing, upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing cover from inside to outside successively; Upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing and upper work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover are fixed on the work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal, and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing cover and upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing are fixed on the work flat rubber belting rear bearing block; Described arrangement for adjusting height comprises the screwed hole that has on work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal and the upper work flat rubber belting front-end bearing pedestal, the height adjusting screw passes respectively corresponding screwed hole, be provided with each self-corresponding hand rotating disk at leading screw one end, rotate by hand traverse dribbling movable wire thick stick, regulate the height of described diaxon bearing;
Described upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve is positioned on the upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft by upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft two ends are provided with respectively separately corresponding upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle from inside to outside successively, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket and upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, wherein, upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing is fixedly connected with the cabinet antetheca with upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket, and upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing is fixedly connected with the cabinet rear wall with upper work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap.
4. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft is provided with the lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve by lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft elastic ring location, and the motion of the flat rubber belting of working under the utilization of lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft sleeve drives lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft and rotates; Described lower work flat rubber belting is provided with the metal supporting plate.
5. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described jackshaft two ends are provided with separately respectively corresponding jackshaft oil baffle, jackshaft fore bearing, jackshaft rear bearing, midship shaft bearing end cap and midship shaft bearing transparent cover from inside to outside successively, wherein, jackshaft fore bearing and midship shaft bearing transparent cover are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca, jackshaft rear bearing and midship shaft bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall, between cabinet antetheca and midship shaft bearing transparent cover, be provided with the midship shaft bearing lid gasket, be provided with the felt circle in the midship shaft bearing transparent cover.
6. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described lower work flat rubber belting both ends of main drive shaft is provided with separately corresponding lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft oil baffle, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing, lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing rear end cap from inside to outside successively; Wherein, lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft fore bearing and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing transparent cover are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca, and lower work flat rubber belting driving shaft rear bearing and lower work flat rubber belting drive shaft bearing rear end cap are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall; Described lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft is provided with by the fixing lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft sleeve of lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft circlip, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft two ends are provided with respectively separately corresponding lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft oil baffle from inside to outside successively, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, wherein, lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft fore bearing and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing drive end bearing bracket are fixedly connected on the cabinet antetheca, and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft rear bearing and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap are fixedly connected on the cabinet rear wall; Between cabinet rear wall and lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing rear end cap, be provided with lower work flat rubber belting driven shaft bearing cap pad.
7. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, is provided with upper supporting roller sleeve and snub pulley sleeve in the described upper compression reducing mechanism, and they are connected with the snub pulley arrangement for adjusting height with separately upper supporting roller arrangement for adjusting height respectively; Described upper supporting roller sleeve is positioned on the pop-up roll shaft by the upper supporting roller circlip, the two ends of pop-up roll shaft are provided with respectively separately corresponding upper supporting roller oil baffle, upper supporting roller fore bearing, upper supporting roller rear bearing, upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap and upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap from inside to outside successively, upper supporting roller fore bearing and upper supporting roller fore bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal, and upper supporting roller rear bearing and upper supporting roller rear bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the upper supporting roller rear bearing block; Wherein, the upper supporting roller arrangement for adjusting height comprises the upper supporting roller screwed hole that the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal is provided with, and the upper supporting roller front-end bearing pedestal matches with the cabinet antetheca by leading screw, and the upper supporting roller rear bearing block matches with the cabinet rear wall, and leading screw is connected with corresponding hand rotating disk; Described snub pulley sleeve is positioned on the subiculum roll shaft by the snub pulley circlip, the two ends of subiculum roll shaft are provided with respectively the snub pulley oil baffle successively, the snub pulley fore bearing, the snub pulley rear bearing, snub pulley fore bearing end cap and snub pulley rear bearing end cap, snub pulley fore bearing and snub pulley fore bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal, snub pulley rear bearing and snub pulley rear bearing end cap are fixedly connected on the snub pulley rear bearing block, wherein, the snub pulley arrangement for adjusting height comprises the snub pulley bearing block screwed hole on the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal, the snub pulley front-end bearing pedestal matches with the cabinet antetheca by leading screw, the snub pulley rear bearing block matches with the cabinet rear wall, and leading screw is connected with corresponding hand rotating disk.
8. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described agitating device comprises the hammering concentrator bowl, be provided with the centrifugal main shaft of hammering in the hammering concentrator bowl, the centrifugal main shaft of secondary motor drives hammering rotates, the centrifugal main shaft of hammering utilizes fixed hub to be fixedly connected on the cabinet, on the centrifugal main shaft of hammering, also be provided with the hammering centrifuge blade, the hammering centrifuge blade utilizes the hammering centrifuge blade collar to be fixed on the centrifugal main shaft of hammering, described hammering concentrator bowl barrel is concentric with the centrifugal main shaft of hammering, and hammering concentrator bowl barrel is fixedly connected on two frame pin.
9. CRACKING WALNUT is got the benevolence device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sorting unit comprises the inferoanterior blowing device of hammering concentrator bowl, at the relevant position of blowing device clearer belting; Described clearer belting comprises the clearer fore-stock, be provided with the clearer after-poppet with clearer fore-stock correspondence position, the clearer fore-stock is provided with clearer driving shaft belt wheel, be fixed with initiatively clearer and driven clearer at clearer fore-stock and clearer after-poppet, clearer driving shaft belt wheel rotates and drives initiatively clearer rotation, initiatively clearer drives driven clearer rotation by the suede band, and initiatively the clearer below is provided with baffle plate, and clearer driving shaft belt wheel is connected with power set.
10. get the benevolence device such as CRACKING WALNUT as described in claim 2 or 9, it is characterized in that, described power set comprise main motor, main motor is installed in main motor and is connected on the tank tower, the main motor tank tower that is connected is welded on the cabinet lower wall, the main motor axle of main motor is fixedly connected with cone pulley, described cone pulley is divided into three diameter of axle sections, be made as successively a diameter of axle section from an outmost diameter of axle section, b diameter of axle section, c-axis footpath section, the a diameter of axle section of described cone pulley is connected with clearer driving shaft belt wheel, b diameter of axle section is connected with upper work flat rubber belting driving shaft belt wheel, and c-axis footpath section is connected with the jackshaft belt wheel.
CN 201220386237 2012-08-06 2012-08-06 Walnut shucking and kernel taking device Expired - Fee Related CN202722443U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220386237 CN202722443U (en) 2012-08-06 2012-08-06 Walnut shucking and kernel taking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220386237 CN202722443U (en) 2012-08-06 2012-08-06 Walnut shucking and kernel taking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202722443U true CN202722443U (en) 2013-02-13

Family

ID=47648210

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220386237 Expired - Fee Related CN202722443U (en) 2012-08-06 2012-08-06 Walnut shucking and kernel taking device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202722443U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771877A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-11-14 青岛理工大学 Walnut shelling and picking device
CN105029649A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-11 广西大学 Small-size household peanut unshelling device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771877A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-11-14 青岛理工大学 Walnut shelling and picking device
CN105029649A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-11 广西大学 Small-size household peanut unshelling device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102771877B (en) Walnut shelling and picking device
CN104188054B (en) Gorgon fruit processing unit (plant)
CN203457765U (en) Camellia oliveira fruit hulling machine
CN104026709A (en) Manual pecan shell breaking device
CN104799397A (en) Single-roller extruding rubber fruit huller
CN205547263U (en) Vibration isolation's shiny -leaved yellowhorn peeling device
CN202722443U (en) Walnut shucking and kernel taking device
CN102845809B (en) Camellia oleifera fruit huller
CN201518708U (en) Walnut huller
CN202714163U (en) Chinese torreya peeling machine
CN104798549A (en) Multifunctional grain separating and screening machine
CN102652576A (en) Centrifugal walnut shell cracker
CN202750673U (en) Camellia oleifera fruit hulling machine
CN203872956U (en) Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually
CN205547264U (en) Shiny -leaved yellowhorn decorticator
CN203872959U (en) Walnut production line
CN2738581Y (en) Pinenut shelling machine
CN109998126B (en) Automatic kernel taking machine for bidirectional stress grading crushing table top
CN201375007Y (en) Sweet-potato stem-leaf juice extractor
CN203985968U (en) Gorgon fruit processing unit (plant)
CN208708667U (en) Green walnut peeling machine
CN112586751A (en) Almond shell breaking and kernel size grading device
CN205233396U (en) Walnut complete set processing lines
CN204837890U (en) Sesame oil device that denucleates
CN108865409A (en) A kind of oil palm fruit shell millerator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130213

Termination date: 20130806