CN203872956U - Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually - Google Patents

Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203872956U
CN203872956U CN201420310663.9U CN201420310663U CN203872956U CN 203872956 U CN203872956 U CN 203872956U CN 201420310663 U CN201420310663 U CN 201420310663U CN 203872956 U CN203872956 U CN 203872956U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
knocks
wheel
central shaft
cylinder
hickory nut
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420310663.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
虞凤英
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Zhijiang College of ZJUT
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Zhijiang College of ZJUT
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Priority to CN201420310663.9U priority Critical patent/CN203872956U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203872956U publication Critical patent/CN203872956U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually. The shell breaking device comprises a rack, and a feeding hopper, a transmission mechanism and a shell breaking mechanism are arranged on the rack. The transmission mechanism comprises a first central shaft and a second central shaft which are arranged on the rack, a small gear is arranged on the first central shaft, a large gear is arranged on the second central shaft, the small gear and the large gear are arranged in a meshed mode, a beating roller is fixedly connected with the first central shaft, and a material carrying roller is fixedly connected with the second central shaft. Evenly-distributed radial circular-arc-shaped beating wheel grooves are formed in the outer circle of the beating roller in the axis direction, beating wheel shafts are arranged on the beating roller, the beating wheel shafts are sleeved with beating wheels, and the beating wheels are arranged in the circular-arc-shaped beating wheel grooves. Evenly-distributed spherical concave pits are formed in the circumference of the material carrying roller in the axial direction. The shell breaking device has the advantages of being simple in structure and convenient to use, reducing the pecan sorting requirement, obviously improving processing efficiency and lowering processing cost.

Description

A kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine, and the hickory nut shell that is mainly used in breaking, belongs to field of food processing machinery and equipment.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, increasing people recognizes nutritive value and the health-care effect of hickory nut, and the demand in hickory nut market is also continuing to increase.Yet the shell of hickory nut is hard, inside there are a plurality of separations, Semen Juglandis is embedded in hard shell, when edible, often need to, by some special use or auxiliary instrument, give edible making troubles and inconvenience.The large technical barrier that the nice difficult stripping of hickory nut is puzzlement nut processing industry.The traditional processing method of hickory nut peeled by hand is: hickory nut is placed in special mould, with hammer, knock by hand making, traditional processing method is mainly by manually completing, and production efficiency is low, labour intensity is large, cost is high, sanitary condition is poor, easily occurs twice pollution in process; Although knock broken shell, be comparatively ideal a kind of cracking manner, because the dynamics of manually knocking should not be controlled, during making, walnut kernel percentage of damage is high.Thereby the hulling machine of a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand of utility model, carries out the efficient broken shell of mechanization and has current demand.At present, the broken shell technology and equipment that has many colleges and universities and food research place research hickory nut, what adopt is to clash into substantially, grind and rub with the hands, the methods such as shearing and extruding, utility model some machinery equipments for broken shell, the utility model patent that for example patent No. is 201220344049.5 discloses a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand and has efficiently split shell machine, utilize the interaction of shock rod with the bounce-back post of High Rotation Speed, make hickory nut surface uniform cracking, what this rejuvenator adopted is the method for clashing into, be only applicable to the crisp and material broken shell that benevolence is tough of shell, be not suitable for having compared with the less hickory nut shell-crushing in gap between extended envelope and kernel and shell.The patent No. is that 200920020191.2 patent discloses Multi-functional household walnut rejuvenator, adopts the parts of plum blossom roll and crocodile odontoid.When plum blossom roll rotates, first walnut falls between crocodile tooth and plum blossom roll by carrier pipe, and second walnut just in time drops in the adjacent teeth groove in plum blossom roll top, and to be processed, now, nipped hickory nut is squeezed, rubs with the hands, realizes broken shell.This rejuvenator requires the size of walnut more even, conventionally needs classification to process before broken shell, and high shell-breaking rate and low percentage of damage can not be taken into account simultaneously, and comprehensive broken shell effect is undesirable.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine, for the problem existing in the processing of current hickory nut peeled by hand provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to use, can make hickory nut surface uniform cracking and the hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine of particle integrity, overcome the difficult problem that process is subject to hickory nut shape and size restriction simultaneously, reduce hickory nut sorting requirement, can adapt to the hickory nut processing after just screening, significantly improve working (machining) efficiency, cut down finished cost.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine, comprises frame, in described frame, feed hopper is installed, transmission mechanism and broken shell mechanism; Described transmission mechanism comprises rack-mounted the first central shaft and the second central shaft, on the first described central shaft, pinion is installed, on the second described central shaft, gear wheel is installed, and the intermeshing installation of described pinion and gear wheel, the first described central shaft is connected with gearbox, motor by shaft coupling; Described broken shell mechanism comprises knocks cylinder, material containing cylinder, and at the piece that knocks knocking between cylinder and material containing cylinder, wherein saidly knocks cylinder and the first central shaft is connected, and described material containing cylinder and the second central shaft are connected; Described knocking offers uniform circular radial arc along axis direction on cylinder cylindrical and knocks race, and described knocking on cylinder is provided with and knocks wheel shaft, and described knocking on wheel shaft is set with and knocks wheel, and this knocks wheel and is positioned at circular arc and knocks race; In described material containing roll circumference, axially offer uniform spherical pit.
Material toggling wheel shaft is installed in described feed hopper, and described feed hopper is fixedly installed in the frame of material containing cylinder top.
In frame between the bottom of described feed hopper and material containing cylinder, striker plate is installed.
The first described central shaft is connected and also can replaces to the first central shaft is connected with turning handle with gearbox, motor by shaft coupling.
Described knocking on wheel shaft is set with and knocks wheel, and described knock wheel shaft and knock and between wheel, leave free gap, and the described wheel that knocks knocks wheel for annular.
Described spherical pit is that diameter is at the spherical pit of 20 ± 3mm; And the number of described spherical pit equates with the number that circular arc is knocked race.
In described frame, also set up shaft stool, be provided with and knock piece axle in the axis hole of described shaft stool, described knocking on piece axle is provided with and knocks piece, and the described piece that knocks is being knocked between cylinder and material containing cylinder.
Described knocks between cylinder and material containing cylinder, knocks in piece frame afterwards discharging opening is also installed.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model adopts the centrifugal force producing while knocking drum rotating to make to knock crop rotation centrifugal motion, with knock piece and bump after by the hickory nut that knocks piece and beat material containing cylinder relevant position, realized the cracking manner that knocks of simulating hand; The spherical pit of material containing roll circumference face axial design and the matching of hickory nut shape phase, while knocking, hickory nut is stressed evenly, and the hickory nut after knocking has many crackles but is not broken, can reduce the breakage rate of hickory nut, effectively guarantees crudy; Cirque structure knocks wheel and leaves gap with knocking wheel between centers, and the displacement of knocking crop rotation centrifugal motion has automatic regulation function with the size of hickory nut shape, automatically regulates percussion power, can adapt to the processing of different big or small hickory nuts; The utility model is the step without grading plant or replacing parts to the processing of the big or small hickory nut of difference, reduce hickory nut sorting requirement, can adapt to the hickory nut processing after just screening, significantly improve working (machining) efficiency, simple and compact for structure, easy to use, to manufacture processing cost low, be a kind ofly can make hickory nut surface uniform cracking and the hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine of particle integrity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as shown in Figure 1-2, comprises frame 11, in described frame 11, feed hopper 1 is installed, transmission mechanism and broken shell mechanism; Described transmission mechanism comprises the first central shaft 14 and the second central shaft 19 being arranged in frame 11, and the first described central shaft 14 and the two ends of the second central shaft 19 are separately installed with bearing 15, and are fixed in frame 11 by bearing block 16; On the first described central shaft 14, pinion 13 is installed, on the second described central shaft 19, gear wheel 18 is installed, and described pinion 13 and the intermeshing installation of gear wheel 18, formation reduction gearing mechanism is used for driving and knocks cylinder 9 and 4 reverse rotations of material containing cylinder, and guarantees relation time phase of broken shell process; The first described central shaft 14 is connected with gearbox 21, motor 22 by shaft coupling 20, also can load onto turning handle at the axle head cover of the first central shaft 14 and realize manual operation; Power input is provided.Described broken shell mechanism comprises knocks cylinder 9, material containing cylinder 4, and between cylinder 9 and material containing cylinder 4, knocks piece 7 knocking, and wherein saidly knocks cylinder 9 and the first central shaft 14 is connected, and described material containing cylinder 4 and the second central shaft 19 are connected; Described knocking offers uniform circular radial arc along axis direction on cylinder 9 cylindricals and knocks race 23, described knocking on cylinder 9 is provided with and knocks wheel shaft 17, described knocking on wheel shaft 17 is set with and knocks wheel 10, and this knocks wheel 10 and is positioned at circular arc and knocks race 23; Described knock wheel shaft 17 and knock between wheel 10 and leave free gap, the described wheel 10 that knocks knocks wheel (also can be designed to eccentric wheel structure) for annular.When knocking cylinder 9 and making high speed rotary motion, knock wheel 10 and be subject to centrifugal action, knock wheel 10 and the gap of knocking 17, wheel shaft provide knock wheel 10 radially centrifugal motion displacement and clash into and knock piece 7, hickory nut 5 enforcements are knocked to broken shell.In described frame 11, also set up shaft stool 8, in the axis hole of described shaft stool 8, be provided with and knock piece axle 6, described knocking on piece axle 6 is provided with and knocks piece 7, and described knocking between piece 7 separates by spacer; And the described piece 7 that knocks is being knocked between cylinder 9 and material containing cylinder 4; Knocking piece 7 can freely swing around knocking piece axle 6.On described material containing cylinder 4 circumference, axially offer uniform spherical pit 24.Described spherical pit 24 is that diameter is at the spherical pit of 20 ± 3mm; And the number that the number of described spherical pit 24 is knocked race 23 with circular arc equates; The hickory nut 5 that can adapt to different sizes, can carry out broken shell by the hickory nut 5 for the treatment of broken shell with material containing cylinder 4 rotating bands to beating position effectively.In described feed hopper 1, material toggling wheel shaft 2 is installed, and described feed hopper 1 is fixedly installed in the frame 11 of material containing cylinder 4 tops.In the bottom of described feed hopper 1 and the frame 11 between material containing cylinder 4, striker plate 3 is installed.Described knocks between cylinder 9 and material containing cylinder 4, knocks in piece 7 frame 11 afterwards discharging opening 12 is also installed.
The hulling machine of the present embodiment, first hickory nut 5 is put into feed hopper 1 in use, by material toggling wheel shaft 2 rotations that are installed in feed hopper 1, stir hickory nut 5, hickory nut 5 is successfully entered in the spherical pit 24 of material containing cylinder 4, owing to knocking wheel 10 empty sets, knock the knocking on wheel shaft 17 of cylinder 9 being fixed on, by motor 22, gearbox 21 drives rear drive the first central shaft 14 rotations of shaft coupling 20, or manually drive the first central shaft 14 rotations by turning handle, by the pinion 13 on the first central shaft 14 and gear wheel 18 engagements, drive the second central shaft 19 rotations, thereby cylinder 9 is knocked in drive and material containing cylinder 4 counter-rotates by fixing gearratio, guarantee relation time phase of broken shell process, in material containing cylinder 4 rotary courses, be subject to the effect of striker plate 3, the hickory nut 5 in spherical pit 24 progresses into beating position, be subject to the effect of rotary centrifugal force simultaneously, empty set radially throws away to clash into and knocks piece 7 at the knocking wheel 10 knocking on wheel shaft 17, make its swing apply percussion power to hickory nut 5, knock moment that piece 7 swings and beat the hickory nut 5 that goes to beating position on material containing cylinder 4 and realize broken shell.After shock, be subject to the effect of reaction force to knock wheel 10 and rebound and abdicate rotating channel, along with material containing cylinder 4 continues rotation, the hickory nut 5 of broken shell falls into discharging opening 12, completes a beat.In the course of work, the geomery difference of hickory nut 5 only has influence on knocks wheel 10 displacements that radially throw away, knock the amplitude of fluctuation of piece 7, in the situation that rotating speed is certain, knock wheel 10 and be applied to that to knock the percussion power of piece 7 substantially constant, thereby can automatically adapt to the broken shells of different big or small hickory nuts 5, and avoid occurring hickory nut 5 damaged phenomenon together with shell band benevolence, can effectively guarantee broken shell quality.
The centrifugal force that the present embodiment produces when adopting and to knock drum rotating makes to knock crop rotation centrifugal motion, with knock piece and bump after by the hickory nut that knocks piece and beat material containing cylinder relevant position, realized the cracking manner that knocks of simulating hand; The spherical pit of material containing roll circumference face axial design and the matching of hickory nut shape phase, while knocking, hickory nut is stressed evenly, and the hickory nut after knocking has many crackles but is not broken, can reduce the breakage rate of hickory nut, effectively guarantees crudy; Cirque structure knocks wheel and leaves gap with knocking wheel between centers, and the displacement of knocking crop rotation centrifugal motion has automatic regulation function with the size of hickory nut shape, automatically regulates percussion power, can adapt to the processing of different big or small hickory nuts; The present embodiment is the step without grading plant or replacing parts to the processing of the big or small hickory nut of difference, reduce hickory nut sorting requirement, can adapt to the hickory nut processing after just screening, significantly improve working (machining) efficiency, simple and compact for structure, easy to use, to manufacture processing cost low, be a kind ofly can make hickory nut surface uniform cracking and the hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine of particle integrity.

Claims (8)

1. a hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine, is characterized in that: comprise frame (11), feed hopper (1) is installed in described frame (11), transmission mechanism and broken shell mechanism; Described transmission mechanism comprises the first central shaft (14) and the second central shaft (19) being arranged in frame (11), on described the first central shaft (14), pinion (13) is installed, on described the second central shaft (19), gear wheel (18) is installed, and described pinion (13) and the intermeshing installation of gear wheel (18), described the first central shaft (14) is connected with gearbox (21), motor (22) by shaft coupling (20); Described broken shell mechanism comprises knocks cylinder (9), material containing cylinder (4), and be positioned to knock and knock piece (7) between cylinder (9) and material containing cylinder (4), the wherein said cylinder (9) that knocks is connected with the first central shaft (14), and described material containing cylinder (4) is connected with the second central shaft (19); Described knocking offers uniform circular radial arc along axis direction on cylinder (9) cylindrical and knocks race (23), described knocking on cylinder (9) is provided with and knocks wheel shaft (17), described knocking on wheel shaft (17) is set with and knocks wheel (10), and this knocks wheel (10) and is positioned at circular arc and knocks race (23); On described material containing cylinder (4) circumference, axially offer uniform spherical pit (24).
2. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: material toggling wheel shaft (2) is installed in described feed hopper (1), and described feed hopper (1) is fixedly installed in the frame (11) of material containing cylinder (4) top.
3. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: in the frame (11) between the bottom of described feed hopper (1) and material containing cylinder (4), striker plate (3) is installed.
4. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described the first central shaft (14) is connected also can replace to gearbox (21), motor (22) by shaft coupling (20) the first central shaft (14) is connected with turning handle.
5. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described knocking on wheel shaft (17) is set with and knocks wheel (10), and described knocks wheel shaft (17) and knock between wheel (10) and leave free gap, the described wheel (10) that knocks knocks wheel for annular.
6. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described spherical pit (24) is the spherical pit of diameter at 20 ± 3mm; And the number of described spherical pit (24) equates with the number that circular arc is knocked race (23).
7. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described frame (11), also set up shaft stool (8), in the axis hole of described shaft stool (8), be provided with and knock piece axle (6), described knocking on piece axle (6) is provided with and knocks piece (7), and makes the described piece (7) that knocks be positioned at and knock between cylinder (9) and material containing cylinder (4).
8. a kind of hickory nut peeled by hand hulling machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described knocks between cylinder (9) and material containing cylinder (4), knocks in piece (7) frame (11) afterwards discharging opening (12) is also installed.
CN201420310663.9U 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually Expired - Fee Related CN203872956U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420310663.9U CN203872956U (en) 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420310663.9U CN203872956U (en) 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203872956U true CN203872956U (en) 2014-10-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420310663.9U Expired - Fee Related CN203872956U (en) 2014-06-12 2014-06-12 Shell breaking device for peeling pecans manually

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104026709A (en) * 2014-06-12 2014-09-10 浙江工业大学之江学院 Manual pecan shell breaking device
CN106473163A (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-03-08 广西大学 A kind of small-sized walnut hulling device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104026709A (en) * 2014-06-12 2014-09-10 浙江工业大学之江学院 Manual pecan shell breaking device
CN106473163A (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-03-08 广西大学 A kind of small-sized walnut hulling device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141015

Termination date: 20170612

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee