CN201518708U - Walnut huller - Google Patents

Walnut huller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201518708U
CN201518708U CN200920164561XU CN200920164561U CN201518708U CN 201518708 U CN201518708 U CN 201518708U CN 200920164561X U CN200920164561X U CN 200920164561XU CN 200920164561 U CN200920164561 U CN 200920164561U CN 201518708 U CN201518708 U CN 201518708U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conically shaped
walnut
skewed slot
moving
cracking
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN200920164561XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史建新
董诗韩
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
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Priority to CN200920164561XU priority Critical patent/CN201518708U/en
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Publication of CN201518708U publication Critical patent/CN201518708U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a walnut huller, belonging to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The walnut huller comprises a framework (1), a feed hopper (18), a fixed cone (11), a moving cone (12), a regulating mechanism (15), a discharge hopper (1), a distribution cover plate (14), a transmission belt (5), a motor (2) and the like. The distribution cover plate (14) is mounted on the upper portion of the moving cone (12), the fixed cone (11) is sleeved outside the moving cone (12) concentrically to form a ring conical walnut hulling cavity, the regulating mechanism (15) can lead the fixed cone (11) to move up and down so as to change the size of the ring conical walnut hulling cavity, walnut can be cracked under extruding and shearing action of the moving cone (12) and the fixed cone (11) when the moving cone (12) rotates, and cracked walnuts can be discharged from a discharge hole. The walnut huller is simple in structure and various in hulling adaptive variety, and can realize mechanical hulling of walnuts.

Description

The CRACKING WALNUT machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of CRACKING WALNUT machine, especially relates to a kind of decorticator that is applied to walnut, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Thereby existing walnut shell-breaking method is to reach the purpose that shell separates with benevolence by the walnut shell that breaks mostly.Mechanical type CRACKING WALNUT device common method has: peel off, utilize the shearing of shear action to peel off and utilize the extruding of paired roll pressed effect to peel off by effect of impact bump.Peeling apparatus commonly used has: discaling roll peeling apparatus, disk peeling apparatus, roller-type peeling apparatus, centrifugal peeling apparatus, pair roller indent type opening peeling apparatus, paddle type mill peeling apparatus, punching type peeling apparatus, walnut saw kerf hulling machine, rolling stranding formula peeling apparatus etc.
The domestic walnut shell-breaking device of having researched and developed has: the bidentate disc type hulling machine of (1) Agricultural University Of Nanjing development, it drives walnut by the driving tooth disc spins and gets into while rotating, initiatively fluted disc and eccentric arc tooth plate are formed the zone of peeling off, the walnut effect of being squeezed, the walnut surface cracks and expansion gradually, until finally breaking fully, broken shell and benevolence fall down from minimum clearance.This device has satisfied " 4 pressurizations " principle well, and has realized the rolling extruding broken shell of walnut, and this installs the strictness of walnut dimensional requirement, otherwise will bring problems such as shell-breaking rate is low, walnut kernel percentage of damage height; (2) the 6PK-400 shell-breaking machine of walnut of academy of agricultural sciences, Xinjiang development, this machine is selected dull and stereotyped extruding broken shell mode for use, adopted an end face to be inclination, broken shell plate wide at the top and narrow at the bottom as the walnut shell-breaking workpiece, owing to moving the broken shell plate and deciding to leave slit between the broken shell plate, fall into the walnut of broken shell plate slit, servo-actuated broken shell plate moves after the broken shell of the narrowest place, discharges through discharging opening, during this machine broken shell the walnut size also there is strict demand, must strict classification before the broken shell.
China's walnut kind is numerous and diverse, and size difference is bigger, out-of-shape, and internal structure differs greatly, and shell benevolence gap length differs, and the thickness of walnut shell, intensity also have than big-difference, have brought certain degree of difficulty for walnut shell-breaking.
Through the Searches of Patent Literature, existing CRACKING WALNUT machine, as Chinese patent: 200520007782.8 adopt a kind of crawler type hulling machine with the broken walnut shell of fashion of extrusion, and the broken shell extruding force is difficult to control during this device work, thereby influences shell-breaking rate.
Recently Chinese patent has: the walnut novel pneumatic formula rejuvenator (patent No.: 20072012696968.4), this prow need position then walnut earlier could broken shell, if the walnut in the locating slot is in free state, impacting walnut with free-moving pneumatic hammer is to be difficult to realize walnut shell-breaking; In addition, this machine is relatively poor to the adaptability of different cultivars walnut, because be used for size that the free-moving little pneumatic hammer of broken shell can't change impulsive force at any time to adapt to the walnut shell-breaking of different size thick with different shells (the different broken shell dynamics of needs), this machine price is also higher.Novel shell-breaking machine of walnut (the patent No.: 200720127082.1) also belong to Pneumatic shell-breaking machine of walnut, walnut in this machine locating slot also is in free state, often occurring walnut in the broken shell process beats, be difficult to realize the normal broken shell of walnut, this machine is better to the adaptability of different cultivars walnut, but productivity ratio is lower.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art part, the utility model provide a kind of simple in structure, peeling efficiency is high, easy to operate, can realize walnut is carried out the device that mechanization is peeled off.
The utility model is for reaching above purpose, be to realize: a kind of CRACKING WALNUT machine is provided, comprises frame, feeding hopper, decide conically shaped, move conically shaped, cloth cover plate, governor motion, discharge bucket, gripper shoe, band transmission, motor, axle, flange by following technical scheme; Moving conically shaped top is equipped with the cloth cover plate, decides the conically shaped concentric locking collar and is contained in moving conically shaped outside, forms up big and down small conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity; Governor motion can move up and down decides conically shaped, thereby changes conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity size; Moving conically shaped is driven by motor, band transmission by axle; Deciding conically shaped links with gripper shoe and is installed on the frame by governor motion.
A kind of design as CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model: described cloth cover plate becomes 5~15 degree angles with horizontal plane.
A kind of design as CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model: describedly decide the conically shaped top edge and be higher than 2~5 centimetres of moving conically shaped top edges.
A kind of design as CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model: described moving conically shaped cone angle is 6~30 degree, the outer surface skewed slot that evenly distributes, and its skewed slot becomes 0~45 to spend with a tube axis direction.
A kind of design as CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model: the described moving conically shaped skewed slot degree of depth is 4~8 millimeters, and the skewed slot width is 3~8 millimeters.
A kind of design as CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model: described to decide the conically shaped cone angle be 8~40 degree, the inner surface skewed slot that evenly distributes, and its skewed slot becomes 0~45 to spend with a tube axis direction.
A kind of design as CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model: described to decide the conically shaped top skewed slot degree of depth be 4~8 millimeters, and the bottom skewed slot is through tube outer surface, and the skewed slot width is 3~8 millimeters.
CRACKING WALNUT machine of the present utility model, except power section that common mechanical possessed, running part, feeding part, the core of invention is: the utility model adopts the rotation mode of peeling off to carry out broken shell, governor motion is the servicing unit of CRACKING WALNUT machine, so that adapt to the CRACKING WALNUT of different cultivars.The utility model has been realized the mechanization to the different cultivars CRACKING WALNUT.The utility model adopts mechanical descaling, not only saves manpower and time, and also production efficiency and manually tens of times raising is arranged relatively, also improved sanitary condition, eliminated pollution to kernel, guarantee the shell-breaking rate of walnut.In addition, because frame for movement is simple, easy to manufacture, thereby whole cost is low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a CRACKING WALNUT machine front view of the present utility model.
1. frames among the figure, 2. motor, 3. decelerator, 4. belt pulley 5. is with transmission, 6. bearing block, 7. bearing bracket, 8. flange, 9. moving conically shaped chassis, 10. discharge bucket, 11. decide conically shaped, 12. moving conically shapeds, 13. moving conically shaped is taken over a business 14. cloth cover plates, 15. governor motions, 16. gripper shoes, 17. axle, 18. feeding hoppers.
The specific embodiment
With reference to above-mentioned accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated.CRACKING WALNUT machine as shown in Figure 1 is provided with feeding hopper 18 above frame 1, the outlet of feeding hopper 18 is positioned at cloth cover plate 14 tops; Decide conically shaped 11 concentric locking collars and be contained in moving conically shaped 12 outsides, form up big and down small conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity; When dropping on cloth cover plate 14 tops, walnut can should be higher than moving conically shaped 12 top edges so decide conically shaped 11 top edges because action of centrifugal force flies out from deciding conically shaped 11 top edges; For making walnut enter conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity uniformly, above moving conically shaped, be provided with cloth cover plate 14; Be furnished with skewed slot uniformly at the outer surface of moving conically shaped 12 and the inner surface of deciding conically shaped 11, skewed slot helps to increase frictional force, breakaway walnut and walnut is released in conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity; Moving conically shaped 12 drives broken shell by axle 17 by motor 2, band transmission 5; Decide conically shaped 11 and link with gripper shoe 16, and be installed on the frame 1 by governor motion 15, governor motion 15 can move up and down decides conically shaped 11, thereby changes conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity size, to adapt to the CRACKING WALNUT of different cultivars.
The course of work of the present utility model and principle are as follows:
Walnut in the feeding hopper 18 is entered on the cloth cover plate 14 by outlet, walnut is slipped in the conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity along cloth cover plate 14 under action of centrifugal force, big walnut is in die cavity top, little walnut is in the die cavity bottom, when moving conically shaped 12 rotates, be arranged in moving conically shaped 12 and break under extruding and shear action with the walnut of deciding conically shaped 11, the walnut that breaks is discharged from discharging opening.Simultaneously, for the walnut of different cultivars, can move up and down by governor motion 15 and decide the purpose that conically shaped 11 reaches the gap between regulating two, to adapt to the CRACKING WALNUT of different cultivars; Also can be by regulating the rotating speed of moving conically shaped 12, to adapt to the CRACKING WALNUT of different cultivars.
At last, it is also to be noted that what more than enumerate only is a specific embodiment of the present utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged, and protection domain of the present utility model is all thought in all distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. CRACKING WALNUT machine is characterized in that: comprise frame (1), feeding hopper (18), decide conically shaped (11), moving conically shaped (12), cloth cover plate (14), governor motion (15), discharge bucket (10), gripper shoe (16), band transmission (5), motor (2), axle (17), flange (8); Described moving conically shaped (12) top is equipped with cloth cover plate (14); Describedly decide conically shaped (11) concentric locking collar and be contained in moving conically shaped (12) outside, form up big and down small conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity; Described governor motion (15) can move up and down decides conically shaped (11), thereby changes conical ring CRACKING WALNUT die cavity size; Described moving conically shaped (12) is driven by motor (2), band transmission (5) by axle (17); Describedly decide conically shaped (11) and link with gripper shoe (16) and be installed on the frame (1) by governor motion (15).
2. CRACKING WALNUT machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described cloth cover plate (14) becomes 5~15 degree angles with horizontal plane.
3. CRACKING WALNUT machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: describedly decide conically shaped (11) top edge and be higher than 2~5 centimetres of moving conically shaped (12) top edges.
4. CRACKING WALNUT machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described moving conically shaped (12) cone angle is 6~30 degree, and the outer surface skewed slot that evenly distributes, its skewed slot become 0~45 to spend with axis direction.
5. CRACKING WALNUT machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described moving conically shaped (12) has skewed slot, and the skewed slot degree of depth is 4~8 millimeters, and the skewed slot width is 3~8 millimeters.
6. walnut shell according to claim 1 stripping machine is characterized in that: described decide conically shaped (11) cone angle be 8~40 degree, the inner surface skewed slot that evenly distributes, and its skewed slot becomes 0~45 to spend with axis direction.
7. CRACKING WALNUT machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described to decide conically shaped (11) the top skewed slot degree of depth be 4~8 millimeters, and the bottom skewed slot is through tube outer surface, and the skewed slot width is 3~8 millimeters.
CN200920164561XU 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Walnut huller Expired - Fee Related CN201518708U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920164561XU CN201518708U (en) 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Walnut huller

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920164561XU CN201518708U (en) 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Walnut huller

Publications (1)

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CN201518708U true CN201518708U (en) 2010-07-07

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CN200920164561XU Expired - Fee Related CN201518708U (en) 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Walnut huller

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106880060A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-23 常州大学 A kind of extrusion-type walnut hulling machine
CN106994393A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-01 中国矿业大学 A kind of circular conical surface spin friction electric separation device and its electric separation method
CN107397234A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-11-28 贵州纯品油脂有限公司 A kind of multifunction combined tea fruit decorticator
CN108568512A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-09-25 芜湖固高自动化技术有限公司 A kind of permanent mo(u)lding method casting rejuvenator
CN109351392A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-02-19 武汉轻工大学 A kind of adjustable hulling device and hulling machine
CN111837666A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-10-30 江苏大学 Efficient automatic straw chopping and rubbing machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106880060A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-06-23 常州大学 A kind of extrusion-type walnut hulling machine
CN106994393A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-01 中国矿业大学 A kind of circular conical surface spin friction electric separation device and its electric separation method
CN106994393B (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-08-17 中国矿业大学 A kind of circular conical surface spin friction electric separation device and its electoral method
CN107397234A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-11-28 贵州纯品油脂有限公司 A kind of multifunction combined tea fruit decorticator
CN108568512A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-09-25 芜湖固高自动化技术有限公司 A kind of permanent mo(u)lding method casting rejuvenator
CN109351392A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-02-19 武汉轻工大学 A kind of adjustable hulling device and hulling machine
CN111837666A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-10-30 江苏大学 Efficient automatic straw chopping and rubbing machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100707

Termination date: 20111021