CN102038276B - Green walnut dehuller - Google Patents

Green walnut dehuller Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102038276B
CN102038276B CN2009101134784A CN200910113478A CN102038276B CN 102038276 B CN102038276 B CN 102038276B CN 2009101134784 A CN2009101134784 A CN 2009101134784A CN 200910113478 A CN200910113478 A CN 200910113478A CN 102038276 B CN102038276 B CN 102038276B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
peeling
walnut
dehulling
green
notch board
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009101134784A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102038276A (en
Inventor
史建新
石鑫
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Agricultural University filed Critical Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority to CN2009101134784A priority Critical patent/CN102038276B/en
Publication of CN102038276A publication Critical patent/CN102038276A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102038276B publication Critical patent/CN102038276B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a green walnut dehuller which belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The green walnut dehuller comprises a stand (2), a feeding hopper (10), a dehulling roller (13), a dehulling concave board (6), a clapboard (21), a torsional spring (7), a grid separation board (3), a packing auger (4), a green hull outlet hopper (18), a walnut outlet hopper (20), and the like. The dehulling concave board (6), the clapboard (21) and the dehulling roller (13) form a dehulling channel, the space between the dehulling concave board (6) and the dehulling roller (13) is adjustable so as to adapt to the walnuts with different size, the outer surface of the dehulling roller (13) is fixedly connected with a wear-resisting rubber board (12), the torsional spring (7) is pressed on the dehulling concave board (6), the walnut is subjected to pressure and friction force when passing through the dehulling channel, green hull of the walnut is dehulled under the action of the dehulling roller (13) and the dehulling concave board (6), the packing auger (4) is positioned at an outlet of the dehulling channel, and the grid separation board (3) is arranged under the packing auger (4) so as to separate the walnut with the green hull.

Description

Blue or green walnut peeling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of blue or green walnut peeling machine, especially relate to a kind of machinery that green peel of walnut is peeled off that is applied to, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Blue or green walnut in walnut large quantities of maturations harvest time is badly in need of decortication.Tradition adopts Chi Dui to degenerate stripping rascal method and peel manually rascal method naturally, and these methods not only work efficiency are low, and labour intensity is big, and adversary and skin have than major injury, and walnut is prone to by fungal contamination.At present, mechanical peeler has been adopted in domestic minority area.The domestic blue or green walnut peeler of having researched and developed has: (1) patent No. is 02206407.9, and 6BXH-800 type green peel of walnut is peeled off, cleaning machine, and this stripping off device has the big problem of water consumption; (2) patent No. is 200720105163.1,200720112411.5 and 200520012972.9 peeling green peel of walnut machine.These three kinds of facility main working parts all are made up of the hard rubber roller and the outer grizzly bar of suit with one heart of roller of rotation, utilize the extruding and kneading principle to peel off rascal.Because walnut appearance and size differs greatly; And the relative position of above-mentioned facility rubber rollers and grizzly bar is non-adjustable or difficult adjustment; Rascal poor effect, breakage rate height when taking off rascal, can occur and problems such as adjusting complicacy is installed, therefore use this device to need in advance with blue or green walnut classification; (3) patent No. is 03244924.0 walnut skinning machine.This facility workpiece by conveyer belt, compress iron plate and cutter is formed, during the motion of motor-driven conveyer belt, walnut at conveyer belt, compress under the squeezing action of iron plate by force through cutter, slough rascal.The shortcoming of these facility is that larger-size blue or green walnut can't get into the workspace, for the less walnut of size, is difficult for taking off rascal owing to squeezing action power is too little; (4) patent No. is 200820130420.1 blue or green walnut peeling machine.These facility utilize the squeezing action of the cutting of peeling cutter and swing roller and peeling notch board to take off rascal, and the shortcoming of these facility is that the peeling cutter is prone to cause walnut broken.
Because China's walnut kind is numerous and diverse, size difference is bigger, out-of-shape; The thickness of walnut shell and intensity also have than big-difference; The profile of walnut mostly is non-spheroid, and existing blue or green walnut peeling machine decortication effect is undesirable, is difficult to guarantee green peel of walnut threshing performance and percentage of damage.
Summary of the invention
To the weak point that exists in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of simple in structure, go rascal efficient high, easy to operate, can realize green peel of walnut is carried out the device that mechanization is peeled off.
The present invention is for reaching above purpose; Realize through following technical scheme: a kind of blue or green walnut peeling machine is provided, comprises frame, feeding hopper, peeling cylinder, wear-resistant rubber sheet, drum shaft, peeling notch board, dividing plate, notch board support bar, torsion spring, torsion spring fixed bar, supporting disk, grizzly bar separating plate, screw feeder, rascal discharge bucket and walnut discharge bucket; Peeling notch board, dividing plate and peeling cylinder constitute 3~10 peeling passages; Spacing between peeling notch board and the peeling cylinder can be through the governor motion adjustment; The peeling cylinder is supported on the frame by rolling bearing units, and drum shaft is driven through the band transmission by motor; Torsion spring fixed bar and notch board support bar are fixed on the supporting disk, and supporting disk is fixed on the frame; Screw feeder is positioned at the peeling channel exit, and the grizzly bar separating plate is installed under the screw feeder, and screw feeder drives through the band transmission.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present invention: affixed wear-resistant rubber sheet on the outer surface of peeling cylinder; The wear-resistant rubber sheet surface has herringbone or waveform decorative pattern; The Chevy Trucks inclination angle is 0~45 degree; Waveform decorative pattern radius of corner is 3~30 millimeters, and pattern depth is 2~10 millimeters.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present invention: the wear-resistant rubber sheet surface has herringbone or waveform decorative pattern, and the Chevy Trucks inclination angle is 0~45 degree, and waveform decorative pattern radius of corner is 3~30 millimeters, and pattern depth is 2~10 millimeters.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present invention: dividing plate is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, along peeling cylinder axis and peeling cylinder arranged concentric.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present invention: supporting disk is the arc plate of 90~220 degree.
Blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present invention; Except power section, running part and feeding part that common mechanical possessed; The core of invention is: the present invention adopts figuratum abrasive rubber drum peel rascal, and peeling notch board and torsion spring are the servicing units of blue or green walnut peeling machine.The present invention has changed many drawbacks of going the rascal mode to bring in the past, as: hand labour intensity is big, and efficient is low, and percentage of damage is high, and the low and rascal juice adversary's of rascal walnut hulling rate etching problem etc. have been realized the mechanization that green peel of walnut is peeled off.Blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present invention, frame for movement is simple, and whole cost is low, and high efficiency is easy to operate, saves manpower and time, and has improved sanitary condition, has improved walnut presentation quality and interior quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a main TV structure sketch map of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a right TV structure sketch map of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the partial structurtes sketch map of overlooking of the present invention.
1. motors among the figure, 2. frame, 3. grizzly bar separating plate, 4. screw feeder, 5. supporting disk, 6. peeling notch board; 7. torsion spring, 8. torsion spring fixed bar, 9. notch board support bar, 10. feeding hopper, 11. control valve plates, 12. wear-resistant rubber sheets; 13. the peeling cylinder, 14. big belt wheels, 15. drum shafts, 16. V-belts, 17. V-belts; 18. the rascal discharge bucket, 19. small pulleys, 20. walnut discharge buckets, 21. dividing plates, 22. governor motions.
The specific embodiment
With reference to above-mentioned accompanying drawing, specific embodiments of the invention is elaborated, and blue or green walnut peeling machine as shown in Figure 1 is made up of feeding hopper, power part, drive disk assembly, workpiece, frame, rascal discharge bucket and walnut discharge bucket.Above frame 2, establish feeding hopper 10, feeding hopper one side is equipped with control valve plate 11 and is used to control the material feed quantity; Dividing plate 21 is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, divides 3~10 groups along peeling cylinder 13 axis and peeling cylinder arranged concentric, and peeling notch board 6, dividing plate 21 are formed 3~10 passages with peeling cylinder 13; Spacing between peeling notch board 6 and the peeling cylinder 13 can be through governor motion 22 adjustment; Peeling cylinder 13 is supported on the frame 2 by rolling bearing units, affixed figuratum wear-resistant rubber sheet 12 on the outer surface of peeling cylinder, and drum shaft 15 is driven through the band transmission by motor 1; Torsion spring fixed bar 8 is fixed on the supporting disk 5 with notch board support bar 9, and supporting disk 5 is fixed on the frame 2; Supporting disk 5 is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, affixed from top to bottom 3~8 notch board support bars 9 on the circumference of arc plate, and hinged peeling intaglio plate 6 on the notch board support bar, the gap of peeling intaglio plate and peeling cylinder 13 reduces gradually; Be pressed with torsion spring 7 on the peeling notch board 6,, peel off with the green peel of walnut that adapts to different cultivars and different size through the pressure size of adjustment torsion spring to peeling notch board 6; Screw feeder 4 is positioned at the outlet of peeling passage, and grizzly bar separating plate 3 is installed in screw feeder 4 belows, is used for walnut and rascal are separated.
The course of work of the present invention and principle are following:
Blue or green walnut peeling machine motor 1 when work drives drum shaft 15 rotations through belt 17; Drum shaft 15 connects with peeling cylinder 13; Blue or green walnut in the feeding hopper 10 gets into the peeling passage by the feeding hopper outlet and carries out peeling; The peeling passage is made up of with peeling cylinder 13 peeling notch board 6, dividing plate 21, and the spacing between the adjacent dividing plate defines each bar passage once can only get into a blue or green walnut.When peeling cylinder 13 rotates; The blue or green walnut that gets into the peeling passage is under the drive of peeling cylinder 13; Motion tangentially also contact with peeling notch board 6 because blue or green walnut size is greater than the gap between peeling cylinder and the peeling notch board, when blue or green walnut moves with peeling notch board 6 jack-up; The torsion spring 7 that is pressed on the peeling notch board stops the upwards upset of peeling notch board; Therefore, blue or green walnut has the resistances of motion such as bigger pressure, frictional force when in the peeling passage, moving, and under the acting in conjunction of peeling notch board 6 and peeling cylinder 13, green peel of walnut is peeled off.Spacing between peeling notch board 6 and the peeling cylinder 13 can be through governor motion 22 adjustment, to adapt to the walnut of different appearance and sizes.Walnut after peeling off and rascal are discharged from peeling notch board 6, get into screw feeder 4, and grizzly bar separating plate 3 is installed under the screw feeder, are used for walnut is separated with rascal.During the screw feeder rotation walnut is released outside the facility, rascal is extruded from the gap of grizzly bar separating plate, discharges through rascal discharge bucket 18.Be pressed in the pretightning force adjustable size of torsion spring 7 on the peeling notch board 6, the green peel of walnut that is used for different cultivars and different size is peeled off.
At last, it is also to be noted that what more than enumerate only is a specific embodiment of the present invention.Obviously, the invention is not restricted to above embodiment, many distortion can also be arranged, protection scope of the present invention is all thought in all distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from content disclosed by the invention.

Claims (4)

1. blue or green walnut peeling machine is characterized in that: comprise frame (2), feeding hopper (10), peeling cylinder (13), wear-resistant rubber sheet (12), drum shaft (15), peeling notch board (6), dividing plate (21), notch board support bar (9), torsion spring (7), torsion spring fixed bar (8), supporting disk (5), grizzly bar separating plate (3), screw feeder (4), rascal discharge bucket (18) and walnut discharge bucket (20); Said peeling notch board (6), dividing plate (21) constitute 3~10 peeling passages with peeling cylinder (13); Spacing between said peeling notch board (6) and the peeling cylinder (13) can be passed through governor motion (22) adjustment; Said peeling cylinder (13) is supported on the frame (2) by rolling bearing units, and drum shaft (15) is driven through the band transmission by motor (1); Said torsion spring fixed bar (8) is fixed on the supporting disk (5) with notch board support bar (9), and supporting disk (5) is fixed on the frame (2); Said screw feeder (4) is positioned at the peeling channel exit, and grizzly bar separating plate (3) is installed under the screw feeder (4), and screw feeder (4) drives through the band transmission.
2. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: affixed wear-resistant rubber sheet (12) on the outer surface of peeling cylinder (13); Wear-resistant rubber sheet (12) surface has herringbone or waveform decorative pattern; The Chevy Trucks inclination angle is 0~45 degree, and waveform decorative pattern radius of corner is 3~30 millimeters, and pattern depth is 2~10 millimeters.
3. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: dividing plate (21) is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, along peeling cylinder (13) axis and peeling cylinder arranged concentric.
4. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: supporting disk (5) is the arc plate of 90~220 degree.
CN2009101134784A 2009-10-10 2009-10-10 Green walnut dehuller Expired - Fee Related CN102038276B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101134784A CN102038276B (en) 2009-10-10 2009-10-10 Green walnut dehuller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101134784A CN102038276B (en) 2009-10-10 2009-10-10 Green walnut dehuller

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102038276A CN102038276A (en) 2011-05-04
CN102038276B true CN102038276B (en) 2012-07-04

Family

ID=43905095

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009101134784A Expired - Fee Related CN102038276B (en) 2009-10-10 2009-10-10 Green walnut dehuller

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102038276B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103202517A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-17 郑湘 Tilting green walnut peeling machine

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104287059A (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-01-21 陕西省农业机械研究所 Green walnut peeling machine
CN108835649B (en) * 2018-08-03 2020-05-22 惠安佳瑞汽车销售服务有限公司 Be used for walnut green seedcase remove device
KR102340788B1 (en) * 2019-11-29 2021-12-17 주식회사 대풍 A Manufacturing Method of the Whole Cottonseed which is inhibited germination using by cracking method.

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2553646Y (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-06-04 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Walnut soft shell peeling and cleaning machine
CN2701269Y (en) * 2003-10-14 2005-05-25 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Sheller for walnut green shell
CN201025862Y (en) * 2007-03-15 2008-02-27 鲁思相 Skiving type stripping machine for walnut peel
CN201091184Y (en) * 2007-09-19 2008-07-30 亓立峰 Peeling machine for green rind walnut

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2553646Y (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-06-04 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Walnut soft shell peeling and cleaning machine
CN2701269Y (en) * 2003-10-14 2005-05-25 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Sheller for walnut green shell
CN201025862Y (en) * 2007-03-15 2008-02-27 鲁思相 Skiving type stripping machine for walnut peel
CN201091184Y (en) * 2007-09-19 2008-07-30 亓立峰 Peeling machine for green rind walnut

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103202517A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-17 郑湘 Tilting green walnut peeling machine
CN103202517B (en) * 2013-04-23 2015-12-30 郑湘 The blue or green walnut peeler of a kind of tilting

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102038276A (en) 2011-05-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201409445Y (en) Fresh walnut huller
CN201518710U (en) Fresh walnut peeling machine
CN102038276B (en) Green walnut dehuller
CN204482949U (en) A kind of vertical blue or green walnut shelling machine
CN104664558A (en) Vertical green walnut peeling machine
CN201336918Y (en) Green walnut dehuller
CN102038274A (en) Walnut sheller
CN202286197U (en) Ginkgo huller
CN105286024A (en) Fully automatic shell opening machine for cashew nuts
CN200962831Y (en) Rolling type garlic splitting machine
CN102326853A (en) Sword bean sheller and sword bean shelling method
CN201518708U (en) Walnut huller
CN105249383A (en) Cashew nut producing and processing system
CN108686734A (en) A kind of uniform hulling machine of charging
CN201094266Y (en) Chestnut peeling machine
CN201252817Y (en) Flat-rubbing type peanut sheller
CN205093530U (en) Cashew nut production system of processing
CN205093535U (en) Shell machine is driven to full -automatic cashew nut
CN214210617U (en) High-efficient rice milling device
CN102652576A (en) Centrifugal walnut shell cracker
CN107096589A (en) A kind of rice germ devices for husking rice, rice mill and its processing method
CN108477645A (en) A kind of garlic rubbing leather mill
CN205093534U (en) Cashew nut kernel desquamation device
CN201430903Y (en) Fruit sheller
CN2774166Y (en) Walnut sheller

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120704

Termination date: 20121010