CN201518710U - Fresh walnut peeling machine - Google Patents

Fresh walnut peeling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201518710U
CN201518710U CN2009201645624U CN200920164562U CN201518710U CN 201518710 U CN201518710 U CN 201518710U CN 2009201645624 U CN2009201645624 U CN 2009201645624U CN 200920164562 U CN200920164562 U CN 200920164562U CN 201518710 U CN201518710 U CN 201518710U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peeling
notch board
walnut
blue
torsion spring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201645624U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史建新
石鑫
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
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Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Agricultural University filed Critical Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority to CN2009201645624U priority Critical patent/CN201518710U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201518710U publication Critical patent/CN201518710U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a fresh walnut peeling machine, which belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The fresh walnut peeling machine comprises a frame (1), a feeding bucket (10), a peeling drum (13), a peeling concave plate (6), a partition plate (21), a torsional spring (7), a grid separating plate (3), a screw (4), a fresh walnut skin outlet bucket (18), a walnut outlet bucket (20) and so on. The peeling concave plate (6), the partition plate (21) and the peeling drum (13) form a peeling passage; the distance between the peeling concave plate (6) and the peeling drum (13) can be adjusted to suit walnuts with different sizes; a wear-resistant rubber plate (12) is fixedly connected with the outer surface of the peeling drum (13); and the torsional spring (7) is pressed on the peeling concave plate (6). Compressive force and friction force are applied to a walnut passing through the peeling passage, and the fresh walnut skin can be peeled under the action of the peeling drum (13) and the peeling concave plate (6); the screw (14) is located at the outlet of the peeling drum; and the grid separating plate (3) is mounted under the screw (4) for separating the walnut from the fresh walnut skin.

Description

Blue or green walnut peeling machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of blue or green walnut peeling machine, especially relates to a kind of machinery that green peel of walnut is peeled off that is applied to, and belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Blue or green walnut in walnut large quantities of maturations harvest time is badly in need of decortication.Tradition adopts Chi Dui to degenerate stripping rascal method and peel manually rascal method naturally, and these methods not only work efficiency are low, and labour intensity is big, and adversary and skin have than major injury, and walnut is easily by fungal contamination.At present, mechanical peeler has been adopted in domestic minority area.The domestic blue or green walnut peeler of having researched and developed has: (1) patent No. is 02206407.9, and 6BXH-800 type green peel of walnut is peeled off, cleaning machine, and this stripping off device has the big problem of water consumption; (2) patent No. is 200720105163.1,200720112411.5 and 200520012972.9 peeling green peel of walnut machine.These three kinds of facility main working parts all are made up of the hard rubber roller and the outer grizzly bar of suit with one heart of roller of rotation, utilize the extruding and kneading principle to peel off rascal.Because walnut appearance and size differs greatly, and the relative position of above-mentioned facility rubber rollers and grizzly bar is non-adjustable or difficult the adjustment, rascal poor effect, breakage rate height when taking off rascal, can occur and problems such as adjusting complexity is installed, therefore use this device to need in advance with blue or green walnut classification; (3) patent No. is 03244924.0 walnut skinning machine.This facility workpiece by conveyer belt, compress iron plate and cutter is formed, during the motion of motor-driven conveyer belt, walnut at conveyer belt, compress under the squeezing action of iron plate by force by cutter, slough rascal.The shortcoming of these facility is that larger-size blue or green walnut can't enter the workspace, for the less walnut of size, is difficult for taking off rascal owing to squeezing action power is too little; (4) patent No. is 200820130420.1 blue or green walnut peeling machine.These facility utilize the squeezing action of the cutting of peeling cutter and swing roller and peeling notch board to take off rascal, and the shortcoming of these facility is that the peeling cutter easily causes the walnut fragmentation.
Because China's walnut kind is numerous and diverse, size difference is bigger, out-of-shape, the thickness of walnut shell and intensity also have than big-difference, the profile of walnut mostly is non-spheroid, and existing blue or green walnut peeling machine decortication effect is undesirable, is difficult to guarantee green peel of walnut threshing performance and percentage of damage.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art part, the utility model provide a kind of simple in structure, remove rascal efficient height, easy to operate, can realize green peel of walnut is carried out the device that mechanization is peeled off.
The utility model is for reaching above purpose, be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of blue or green walnut peeling machine is provided, comprises frame, feeding hopper, peeling cylinder, wear-resistant rubber sheet, drum shaft, peeling notch board, dividing plate, notch board support bar, torsion spring, torsion spring fixed bar, supporting disk, grizzly bar separating plate, stir cage, rascal discharge bucket and walnut discharge bucket; Peeling notch board, dividing plate and peeling cylinder constitute 3~10 peeling passages; Spacing between peeling notch board and the peeling cylinder can be by the governor motion adjustment; The peeling cylinder is supported on the frame by rolling bearing units, and drum shaft is driven by the band transmission by motor; Torsion spring fixed bar and notch board support bar are fixed on the supporting disk, and supporting disk is fixed on the frame; Stir cage and be positioned at the peeling channel exit, stir cage under the grizzly bar separating plate is installed, stir cage and drive by the band transmission.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: the peeling diameter of cylinder is 200~1000 millimeters, affixed wear-resistant rubber sheet on the outer surface of peeling cylinder.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: the wear-resistant rubber sheet surface has herringbone or waveform decorative pattern, and the Chevy Trucks inclination angle is 0~45 degree, and waveform decorative pattern radius of corner is 3~30 millimeters, and pattern depth is 2~10 millimeters.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: dividing plate is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, along peeling cylinder axis and peeling cylinder arranged concentric.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: supporting disk is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, and near the peeling cylinder, peeling notch board and notch board support bar are hinged gradually for affixed from top to bottom 3~8 notch board support bars on its circumference, notch board support bar.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: be pressed with torsion spring on the peeling notch board, torsion spring is fixed on the torsion spring fixed bar, changes the pressure size of torsion spring to the peeling notch board by adjusting the setting angle of torsion spring fixed bar on supporting disk.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: even placement diameter is that 8~25 millimeters through hole or spacing are 3~12 millimeters bar shaped grids on the peeling notch board inwall.
A kind of design as blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model: feeding hopper one side is equipped with the control valve plate and is used to control the material feed quantity.
Blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model, except power section, running part and feeding part that common mechanical possessed, the core of invention is: the utility model adopts figuratum abrasive rubber drum peel rascal, and peeling notch board and torsion spring are the servicing units of blue or green walnut peeling machine.
The utility model has changed many drawbacks of going the rascal mode to bring in the past, as: hand labour intensity is big, and efficient is low, the percentage of damage height, and etching problem of the low and rascal juice adversary of rascal walnut hulling rate etc. has been realized the mechanization that green peel of walnut is peeled off.Blue or green walnut peeling machine of the present utility model, frame for movement is simple, and whole cost is low, and high efficiency is easy to operate, saves manpower and time, and has improved sanitary condition, has improved walnut presentation quality and interior quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a main TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a right TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of overlooking of the present utility model.
1. motors among the figure, 2. frame, 3. the grizzly bar separating plate 4. stirs cage, 5. supporting disk, 6. peeling notch board, 7. torsion spring, 8. torsion spring fixed bar, 9. notch board support bar, 10. feeding hopper, 11. control valve plates, 12. wear-resistant rubber sheets, 13. the peeling cylinder, 14. big belt wheels, 15. drum shafts, 16. V-belts, 17. the V-belt, 18. rascal discharge buckets, 19. small pulleys, 20. the walnut discharge bucket, 21. dividing plates, 22. governor motions.
The specific embodiment
With reference to above-mentioned accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated, blue or green walnut peeling machine as shown in Figure 1 is made up of feeding hopper, power part, drive disk assembly, workpiece, frame, rascal discharge bucket and walnut discharge bucket.Establish feeding hopper 10 above frame 2, feeding hopper one side is equipped with control valve plate 11 and is used to control the material feed quantity; Dividing plate 21 is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, divides 3~10 groups along peeling cylinder 13 axis and peeling cylinder arranged concentric, and peeling notch board 6, dividing plate 21 are formed 3~10 peeling passages with peeling cylinder 13; Spacing between peeling notch board 6 and the peeling cylinder 13 can be adjusted by governor motion 22; Peeling cylinder 13 is supported on the frame 2 by rolling bearing units, affixed figuratum wear-resistant rubber sheet 12 on the outer surface of peeling cylinder, and drum shaft 15 is driven by the band transmission by motor 1; Torsion spring fixed bar 8 is fixed on the supporting disk 5 with notch board support bar 9, and supporting disk 5 is fixed on the frame 2; Supporting disk 5 is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, and affixed from top to bottom 3~8 notch board support bars 9 on its circumference, notch board support bar are gradually near peeling cylinder 13, and peeling notch board 6 is hinged with the notch board support bar; Be pressed with torsion spring 7 on the peeling notch board 6, torsion spring is fixed on the torsion spring fixed bar 8, and by adjusting the pressure size that the setting angle of torsion spring fixed bar on supporting disk 5 changes 7 pairs of peeling notch boards 6 of torsion spring, the green peel of walnut that is used for different cultivars and different size is peeled off; Stir cage 4 and be positioned at the outlet of peeling passage, stir cage 4 belows grizzly bar separating plate 3 is installed, be used for walnut and rascal are separated.
The course of work of the present utility model and principle are as follows:
Blue or green walnut peeling machine motor 1 when work drives drum shaft 15 rotations by belt 17, drum shaft 15 connects with peeling cylinder 13, blue or green walnut in the feeding hopper 10 enters the peeling passage by the feeding hopper outlet and carries out peeling, the peeling passage is made up of with peeling cylinder 13 peeling notch board 6, dividing plate 21, and the spacing between the adjacent dividing plate defines each bar passage once can only enter a blue or green walnut.When peeling cylinder 13 rotates, the blue or green walnut that enters the peeling passage is under the drive of peeling cylinder 13, motion tangentially also contacts with peeling notch board 6, because blue or green walnut size is greater than the gap between peeling cylinder and the peeling notch board, during blue or green walnut motion with peeling notch board 6 jack-up, the torsion spring 7 that is pressed on the peeling notch board stops the upwards upset of peeling notch board, therefore, blue or green walnut has the resistances of motion such as bigger pressure, frictional force when moving in the peeling passage, under the acting in conjunction of peeling notch board 6 and peeling cylinder 13 green peel of walnut is peeled off.Spacing between peeling notch board 6 and the peeling cylinder 13 can be adjusted by governor motion 22, to adapt to the walnut of different appearance and sizes.Walnut after peeling off and rascal are discharged from peeling notch board 6, enter and stir cage 4, stir cage under grizzly bar separating plate 3 is installed, be used for walnut is separated with rascal.When stirring the cage rotation walnut is released outside the facility, rascal is extruded from the gap of grizzly bar separating plate, discharges through rascal discharge bucket 18.Be pressed in the pretightning force adjustable size of torsion spring 7 on the peeling notch board 6, the green peel of walnut that is used for different cultivars and different size is peeled off.
At last, it is also to be noted that what more than enumerate only is a specific embodiment of the present utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged, and protection domain of the present utility model is all thought in all distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. blue or green walnut peeling machine is characterized in that: comprise frame (2), feeding hopper (10), peeling cylinder (13), wear-resistant rubber sheet (12), drum shaft (15), peeling notch board (6), dividing plate (21), notch board support bar (9), torsion spring (7), torsion spring fixed bar (8), supporting disk (5), grizzly bar separating plate (3), stir cage (4), rascal discharge bucket (18) and walnut discharge bucket (20); Described peeling notch board (6), dividing plate (21) constitute 3~10 peeling passages with peeling cylinder (13); Spacing between the recessed utmost point of described peeling (6) and the peeling cylinder (13) can be passed through governor motion (22) adjustment; Described peeling cylinder (13) is supported on the frame (2) by rolling bearing units, and drum shaft (15) is driven by the band transmission by motor (1); Described torsion spring fixed bar (8) is fixed on the supporting disk (5) with notch board support bar (9), and supporting disk (5) is fixed on the frame (2); The described cage (4) that stirs is positioned at the peeling channel exit, stir cage (4) under grizzly bar separating plate (3) is installed, stir cage (4) and drive by the band transmission.
2. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: peeling cylinder (13) diameter is 200~1000 millimeters, affixed wear-resistant rubber sheet (12) on the outer surface of peeling cylinder (13).
3. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: wear-resistant rubber sheet (12) surface has herringbone or waveform decorative pattern, the Chevy Trucks inclination angle is 0~45 degree, and waveform decorative pattern radius of corner is 3~30 millimeters, and pattern depth is 2~10 millimeters.
4. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: dividing plate (21) is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, along peeling cylinder (13) axis and peeling cylinder arranged concentric.
5. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: supporting disk (5) is the arc plate of 90~220 degree, affixed from top to bottom 3~8 notch board support bars (9) on its circumference, notch board support bar (9) is gradually near peeling cylinder (13), and peeling notch board (6) is hinged with notch board support bar (9).
6. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: be pressed with torsion spring (7) on the peeling notch board (6), torsion spring (7) is fixed on the torsion spring fixed bar (8), changes the pressure size of torsion spring (7) to peeling notch board (6) by adjusting the setting angle of torsion spring fixed bar (8) on supporting disk (5).
7. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: even placement diameter is 8~25 millimeters through hole or is spaced apart 3~12 millimeters bar shaped grids on peeling notch board (6) inwall.
8. blue or green walnut peeling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: feeding hopper (10) one sides are equipped with control valve plate (11) and are used to control the material feed quantity.
CN2009201645624U 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Fresh walnut peeling machine Expired - Fee Related CN201518710U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201645624U CN201518710U (en) 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Fresh walnut peeling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201645624U CN201518710U (en) 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Fresh walnut peeling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201518710U true CN201518710U (en) 2010-07-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009201645624U Expired - Fee Related CN201518710U (en) 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Fresh walnut peeling machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201518710U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771876A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-11-14 屯留县宋庄通贸农机修造厂 Rotary-cut mechanism of green walnut shelling machine
CN104872786A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-02 丁巧娜 Walnut shelling machine of burnout-prevention reminding device
CN105795488A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-27 长葛市吉庆机械厂 Walnut peeling machine with mandatory feeding device
CN106473165A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-03-08 陕西省农业机械研究所 Broken shell machinery and the shell breaking method of walnut kernel surface damage can be reduced
CN107079812A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-22 贵州省务川县照石坊农林(集团)有限公司 A kind of selection of walnut improved seeds
CN109222139A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-18 济宁衍利博机械有限公司 A kind of potato decortication device and barking method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771876A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-11-14 屯留县宋庄通贸农机修造厂 Rotary-cut mechanism of green walnut shelling machine
CN104872786A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-02 丁巧娜 Walnut shelling machine of burnout-prevention reminding device
CN105795488A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-27 长葛市吉庆机械厂 Walnut peeling machine with mandatory feeding device
CN106473165A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-03-08 陕西省农业机械研究所 Broken shell machinery and the shell breaking method of walnut kernel surface damage can be reduced
CN107079812A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-22 贵州省务川县照石坊农林(集团)有限公司 A kind of selection of walnut improved seeds
CN109222139A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-18 济宁衍利博机械有限公司 A kind of potato decortication device and barking method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100707

Termination date: 20111021