CN102652576A - Centrifugal walnut shell cracker - Google Patents

Centrifugal walnut shell cracker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102652576A
CN102652576A CN2011100517211A CN201110051721A CN102652576A CN 102652576 A CN102652576 A CN 102652576A CN 2011100517211 A CN2011100517211 A CN 2011100517211A CN 201110051721 A CN201110051721 A CN 201110051721A CN 102652576 A CN102652576 A CN 102652576A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
walnut
cracker
transmission shaft
centrifugal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100517211A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NANTONG YUSHENG FOOD MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
NANTONG YUSHENG FOOD MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by NANTONG YUSHENG FOOD MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical NANTONG YUSHENG FOOD MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2011100517211A priority Critical patent/CN102652576A/en
Publication of CN102652576A publication Critical patent/CN102652576A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a centrifugal walnut shell cracker which comprises a cracker body, the top of the cracker body is connected with a casing, the middle part of the casing is provided with a feed inlet, a moving-blade set is arranged in the casing and below the feed inlet, the moving-blade set is fixed on a transmission shaft (vertically placed below the moving-blade set) through a bearing, a support plate is arranged outside the transmission shaft, the downward side of the transmission shaft is connected with a belt pulley, the belt pulley is connected with a motor, an obliquely-placed stock guide plate is arranged in the cracker body, one end of the stock guide plate is welded on the cracker body, the middle part of the stock guide plate is fixed on the support plate, and a downward outlet of the stock guide plate is provided with a discharge outlet. The centrifugal walnut shell cracker disclosed by the invention has the following advantages that: (1) the cracker is high in productivity and causes less abrasion on the surfaces of walnut kernels; (2) the mechanical structure is simple, and the overall cost is low; and (3) walnut shells are not required to be subjected to staged treatment before being cracked, so that the cracker can carry out shell cracking on walnuts in different types and different shell-cracking needs (primary shell-cracking and secondary shell-cracking).

Description

Centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut
Technical field
The invention belongs to the food machinery equipment of nut shell classes such as broken shell walnut, be specifically related to a kind of centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut.
Background technology
The economic worth of walnut, edibility, health care are worth more and more and are paid attention to by people, so national walnut cultivated area and output also increase year by year.The walnut shell-breaking technology is under the jurisdiction of the preliminary working of walnut, adopts manual work to knock broken shell and mechanical broken shell in the broken shell of China's walnut more.Manual work is knocked broken shell and is adopted the folder walnut device of hammer or similar tiger pliers that walnut is carried out broken shell usually, and this broken shell mode firmly size is wayward, and the kernel percentage of damage is big, productivity ratio is low, and labour intensity is big, is difficult to be suitable for a large amount of walnut shell-breakings.The centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut quantity of mechanical type that adopts at present is few, and technology is immature, and the walnut percentage of damage is big, is difficult in interior the popularization on a large scale.
The domestic walnut shell-breaking equipment of having researched and developed has: (1) patent No.: ZL200720126968.4, " walnut novel pneumatic formula rejuvenator ", this machine is made up of frame, transmission device, air pump, drawing-in device, material guide device and discharge bucket.The high pressure draught that air pump produces promotes the pneumatic hammer of installing in the little cylinder, through regulating pneumatic shuttle, can realize the reciprocating of pneumatic hammer, thereby realizes walnut shell-breaking.This equipment only is applicable to the broken shell of thin skin walnut, and is big and productivity ratio is low to the percentage of damage of pachydermia walnut.(2) patent No.: ZL 200920164436.9, " a kind of new-type walnut, crust dawn wood rejuvenator ", this machine is made up of body, decelerator, motor, material bin, material guide port, hulling machine and slack adjuster.Regulate the gap between the two taper broken shell bodies through rotation roll adjustment handle, decelerator rotates through axle drive active broken shell housing during work, in the process of rotation the walnut between two housings is rubbed, pushes, and finally takes off the completion walnut shell-breaking.This machine is applicable to the broken shell of thin skin walnut, and requires to be more or less the same by the walnut size of broken shell, owing to there are very big wearing and tearing on the walnut kernel surface when to be the extruding of leaning on two broken shell bodies with friction accomplish broken shell work and cause broken shell.
Because China's walnut kind is numerous and diverse, size difference is bigger, and out-of-shape adopts above method to carry out the broken shell walnut and all can not reach desirable effect.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the objective of the invention is in order to solve the deficiency of prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, broken shell is effective, need not hierarchical processing before the broken shell, productivity ratio is high and can realize the equipment of mechanization broken shell walnut.
Technical scheme: centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut of the present invention, its objective is such realization: a kind of centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut comprises body; The body top is connected with shell, and the middle part of shell is provided with feeding mouth, and the below of portion, feeding mouth is provided with movable cutter set in the enclosure; On the vertical power transmission shaft of placing in its below, the power transmission shaft outside is provided with gripper shoe to movable cutter set through bearing fixing, and the below of power transmission shaft is connected with belt pulley; Belt pulley is connected with motor, and internal body also is provided with tilted-putted stock guide, and stock guide one end is welded on the body; Mid portion is fixed on the gripper shoe, and the outlet of stock guide below is provided with discharging opening.
As optimization: be welded with on the said enclosure sidewall and the guide plate that axially is 25~40 degree angles, guaranteed that walnut and guide plate have suitable impact.
As optimization: the minimum range between movable cutter set and the guide plate should guarantee that between 70~100 millimeters this distance can guarantee the broken shell effect, can guarantee that again the walnut shell and meat after the broken shell leaves the broken shell district smoothly.
As optimization: said movable cutter set is made up of mounting disc and the blade that is centered around the mounting disc edge.
As optimization: the angle in the said mounting disc between per two adjacent knife blades all equates.
As optimization: said blade becomes to be similar to trapezoidal shape, becomes the angle of 50~70 degree between per two blades.
As optimization: in the said body, the discharging opening top is provided with the air draught road, connects knot screen in the end in air draught road according to demand, light little impurity such as dust, barrier film is got rid of outside the body by knot screen through the air draught road in discharge process.
Working method of the present invention: centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut is driven by motor and belt pulley, through the rotating speed of motor frequency conversion device change movable cutter set, can realize variety classes, different broken shell are needed the walnut shell-breaking of (broken shell, secondary broken shell).After walnut gets into the broken shell district by feeding mouth; Movable cutter set by rotation at a high speed throws away and impinges upon on the guide plate; Realize arriving the discharging opening discharging along stock guide through the air draught road after the broken shell through collision; End in the air draught road can connect knot screen as required, and light little impurity such as dust, barrier film is got rid of outside the body by knot screen through the air draught road in discharge process.
Beneficial effect: the present invention has the following advantages: (1) productivity ratio is high, and is few to the walnut kernel surface abrasion; (2) frame for movement is simple, and whole cost is low; (3) need not to carry out hierarchical processing before the broken shell, can need (broken shell, secondary broken shell) walnut to carry out broken shell variety classes, different broken shell.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of a kind of centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut of invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is structural representations of invention hulling machine;
Accompanying drawing 3 is invention movable cutter set structural representations;
Accompanying drawing 4 is invention guide board structure sketch mapes;
Accompanying drawing 5 is invention ventilating duct structural representations;
Accompanying drawing 6 is invention blade structure sketch mapes.
Legend: 1-feeding mouth; The 2-shell; The 3-guide plate; The 4-movable cutter set; The 5-bearing; 6-air draught road; The 7-body; The 8-gripper shoe; The 9-stock guide; The 10-discharging opening; The 11-belt pulley; The 12-power transmission shaft; The 13-motor; The 14-blade; The 15-mounting disc; The 16-lock sleeve.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is described further:
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut by this machine by feeding mouth 1, guide plate 3, movable cutter set 4, air draught road 6, body 7, stock guide 9, discharging opening 10, power transmission shaft 12, motor 13 for mainly to form.Body 7 totally is cuboid, and body 7 tops are connected with shell 2, are connected with feeding mouth 1 in the middle part of shell 2; One end of power transmission shaft 12 is connected with belt pulley 11, and the other end is connected with movable cutter set 4, and movable cutter set 4 is rotated under the drive of power transmission shaft 12; Bearing 5 is installed below movable cutter set 4, and the outside of bearing 5 is connected with gripper shoe 8; Stock guide 9 one ends are welded on the body 7, and mid portion is fixed on the gripper shoe 8.
As shown in Figure 2, the minimum range between movable cutter set 4 and the guide plate 3 should guarantee that between 70~100 millimeters this distance can guarantee the broken shell effect, can guarantee that again the walnut shell and meat after the broken shell leaves the broken shell district smoothly.
As shown in Figure 3, movable cutter set 4 is made up of with mounting disc 15 several blades 14, and movable cutter set 4 is connected with power transmission shaft 12 through lock sleeve 15.
As shown in Figure 4, guide plate 3 with axially be 25~40 degree angles and be welded on shell 2 inside, this angle has guaranteed that walnut and guide plate 3 have suitable impact.
As shown in Figure 5, in body 7, be provided with air draught road 6, can connect knot screen according to demand in the end in air draught road 6, light little impurity such as dust, barrier film is got rid of outside the body by knot screen through air draught road 6 in discharge process.
As shown in Figure 6, blade is similar to trapezoidal shape for 14 one-tenth, becomes the angle of 50~70 degree between per two blades 14.
Before broken shell, if idle running a period of time normally can charging.During work, walnut gets into broken shell district (as shown in Figure 2) by feeding mouth 1, is thrown away and impinges upon on the guide plate 3 by the movable cutter set 4 of rotation at a high speed, realizes arriving discharging opening 10 dischargings along stock guide 9 through air draught road 6 after the broken shell through collision.Behind the end-of-job, powered-down, motor 13 stops operating, and movable cutter set 4 motions stop, and whole broken shell process finishes.

Claims (7)

1. a centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut comprises body (7), and body (7) top is connected with shell (2); The middle part of said shell (2) is provided with feeding mouth (1), and said shell (2) is inner, the below of feeding mouth (1) is provided with movable cutter set (4), and movable cutter set (4) is fixed on the power transmission shaft of vertically placing its below (12) through lock sleeve (16); Power transmission shaft (12) is connected with the body upper wall through bearing (5); Power transmission shaft (12) outside is provided with gripper shoe (8), and the below of power transmission shaft (12) is connected with belt pulley (11), and belt pulley (11) is connected with motor (13); Body (7) inside also is provided with tilted-putted stock guide (9), and the outlet of stock guide (9) below is provided with discharging opening (10).
2. centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be welded with on said shell (2) internal side wall and the guide plate (3) that axially is 25~40 degree angles.
3. centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut according to claim 2 is characterized in that: movable cutter set (4) and guide plate (3) minimum range between points should guarantee between 70~100 millimeters.
4. centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said movable cutter set (4) is made up of mounting disc (15) and the blade (14) that is centered around mounting disc (15) edge.
5. centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the angle that said mounting disc (15) is gone up between per two adjacent knife blades (14) all equates.
6. centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the angle that becomes 50~70 degree between per two adjacent knife blades (14).
7. according to the described centrifugal shell-breaking machine of walnut of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: said body (7) is interior, discharging opening (10) top is provided with air draught road (6).
CN2011100517211A 2011-03-03 2011-03-03 Centrifugal walnut shell cracker Pending CN102652576A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100517211A CN102652576A (en) 2011-03-03 2011-03-03 Centrifugal walnut shell cracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011100517211A CN102652576A (en) 2011-03-03 2011-03-03 Centrifugal walnut shell cracker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102652576A true CN102652576A (en) 2012-09-05

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041917A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 辽宁科技学院 Equipment for breaking walnut shell
CN104473301A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-01 陈建农 Husk crushing and sorting system for walnuts and sorting technology
CN105326064A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 福州大学 Mechanical Chinese chestnut shell crushing machine and application method thereof
CN107713842A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 重庆云升食品饮料有限公司 Walnut shell-breaking device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2038320U (en) * 1988-07-10 1989-05-31 胡松林 Hulling machine for drupes and nuts
CN2078541U (en) * 1990-11-29 1991-06-12 柴金旺 Walnut huller
US6209448B1 (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-04-03 William G. Hagen Nut cracking machine
CN201726834U (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-02-02 金乡县金得利食品有限公司 Two-stage crushing device
CN202104205U (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-01-11 南通裕盛食品机械有限公司 Centrifugal walnut shell breaking machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2038320U (en) * 1988-07-10 1989-05-31 胡松林 Hulling machine for drupes and nuts
CN2078541U (en) * 1990-11-29 1991-06-12 柴金旺 Walnut huller
US6209448B1 (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-04-03 William G. Hagen Nut cracking machine
CN201726834U (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-02-02 金乡县金得利食品有限公司 Two-stage crushing device
CN202104205U (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-01-11 南通裕盛食品机械有限公司 Centrifugal walnut shell breaking machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041917A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-09-17 辽宁科技学院 Equipment for breaking walnut shell
CN104041917B (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-03-02 辽宁科技学院 Abolish the equipment of walnut shell
CN104473301A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-01 陈建农 Husk crushing and sorting system for walnuts and sorting technology
CN104473301B (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-04-27 陈建农 A kind of broken shell separation system of walnut and sorting process
CN105326064A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 福州大学 Mechanical Chinese chestnut shell crushing machine and application method thereof
CN105326064B (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-10 福州大学 Mechanical Chinese chestnut shell crushing machine and application method thereof
CN107713842A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 重庆云升食品饮料有限公司 Walnut shell-breaking device

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Application publication date: 20120905